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A New Leaf 

By Richard C. Winfield, Editor 

He came to my desk with quivering lip — 

The lesson was done. 
"Dear Teacher, I want a new leaf, " he said, 

"I have spoiled this one." 
I took the old leaf, stained and blotted, 
And gave him a new one, all unspotted, 

And into his sad eyes smiled: 

"Do better now, my child!" 

I went to the Throne with a quivering soul — 

The old year was done. 
"Dear Father, hast Thou a new leaf for me? 

"I have spoiled this one." 
He took the old leaf, stained and blotted, 
And gave me a new one, all unspotted, 

And into my sad heart smiled: 

"Do better now, my child!" 

Author unknown 

I AM ENOUGH of an optimist to 
still get a little excited about 
the New Year. The thought of hav- 
ing a "new leaf," "all unspotted" on 
which to write, still gives me a 
sense of exhilaration. Even though 
I know that this "new leaf" will, 
likewise, soon be "stained and 
blotted," I nevertheless have hope 
that each New Year will be better 
than the one before. 

I am enough of a realist, how- 
ever, to know that the New Year 
often isn't better than the old year. 
Sometimes my new leaf gets stained 
and blotted even faster than the 
previous one. What I have learned 
over the years, however, is that if 
I want the New Year to be better, 
then I need to do something about 
making it so. 

This involves two processes, re- 
flecting on the old and planning for 
the new. 

Reflecting on the old 

It has often been said that those 
who refuse to learn from the mis- 
takes of the past are destined to 
repeat them. While we usually think 

about this in terms of 
world events and na- 
tional policy, this is 
true in our own lives 
as well. If we don't 
review our past, look 
over where we went 
wrong, and take steps 
to make changes, we 
will repeat our mis- 

As Christians, a part 
of this process of 
reviewing the past in- 
cludes confessing our 
failures before the 
Lord, repenting of 
them, and seeking and 
accepting His forgive- 
ness. We are reminded of those 
blessed words of assurance in 1 
John 1:9, "If we confess our sins, 
he is faithful and just and will for- 
give us our sins and purify us from 
all unrighteousness" (A7V). 

Having reviewed the past, hav- 
ing learned its lessons, and having 
confessed past failures, we must 
not, however, continue to brood over 
old mistakes. Rather, in the words 
of the Apostle Paul, "Forgetting 
what is behind and straining toward 
what is ahead, [let us] press on 
toward the goal to win the prize for 
which God has called [us] heaven- 
ward in Christ Jesus" (Phil. 3:13- 
14, Nrv). We need to press on toward 
what is ahead. And that leads to 
the second part of the process. 

Planning for the new 

While most of us laugh about mak- 
ing New Year's resolutions (even 
Pontius pokes a little fun at them 
on the next page), there is value in 
setting goals. We have often heard 
it said that those who aim at noth- 
ing usually hit it. So while we may 
not reach all the heights to which 

we aspire in our New Year's res- 
olutions, we may at least do better 
than if we had made no resolutions 
at all. I have made a lot of resolu- 
tions over the years that I have 
never kept. But I've also made 
some that I have kept, and just 
these few have made a significant 
difference in my life. 

Such resolutions need to be real- 
istic. One reason we fail to keep 
our New Year's resolutions is be- 
cause we set our sights too high. 
We set high goals and approach 
them with great zeal. But when we 
find that we cannot attain these 
goals, we give up in discouragement. 

So set realistic goals. The per- 
son, for example who has never 
had a regular prayer time might 
do well to plan on five minutes a 
day rather than 15 to begin with. 
Or the couch potato who resolves 
to start exercising might want to 
begin with a goal of walking 15 
minutes three time a week, then 
work up from there. 

Seek God's help 

Another reason we fail to keep 
our resolutions is because we seek 
to keep them in our own strength. 
While resolves to change, to do bet- 
ter, must be rooted in strong acts 
of our will (and not just superficial 
desires to do better), we need God's 
power to bolster our wills. 

Two means that God uses to 
strengthen us are His word and 
our prayers. Therefore, one of the 
most valuable resolutions we can 
make to begin a new year is to read 
the Bible regularly and to spend 
some time each day in private 
prayer. Or if we are already doing 
these two things, we can resolve to 
be more diligent about them. As 
we are faithful in these, we will re- 
ceive God's power to make changes 
in other areas of our lives. 

And finally, don't give up. One of 
the biggest reasons we do not keep 
our New Year's resolutions is be- 
cause we give up after a few fail- 
ures. But to go back to the Apostle 
Paul's words, we need to keep on 
pressing on. It may be that we will 
need to readjust our expectations, 
to set our sights a little lower. But 
we dare not give up. Any goal 
worth achieving is going to take 
committed effort over the long 
haul. [f] 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Funderburg Library 


North Manchester, IN 46962 

January 1993 
Volume 115, Number 1 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


John Maust 

Children's Page 

Jackie Rhoades 

Editorial and 
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Published: Monthly (except 
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Member: Evangelical Press 


A New Leaf by Richard Winfield 

If we want this to be a better year than 1992, then we need to do some- 
thing about making it so. 

It's Time for Spiritual Awakening by Ronald W. Waters 

The first of four articles on The Brethren Church's "Priorities for the 


Witnesses to the World by Glenn Grumbling 

Reasons why Brethren should be motivated to make the 1993 General 

Conference theme the theme of their daily lives. 

Seeing and Believing by Gary B. Swanson 

As the visual media get more and more sophisticated, we must be ever 

more careful of their effects on our lives. 




Using Instruments That Reflect Our Priority on Worship 

by Ronald L. Sprunger 

If we want worship services that truly glorify God and edify worshipers, 

we need musical instruments that contribute to that purpose. 

Somalia: A Call for Diplomatic Initiatives by Sharon Pauling 10 
Military intervention alone cannot provide a lasting solution to the 
troubles that plague this nation. 

Ministry Pages 

Ashland Theological Seminary 

Enlarging the Vision of Ministry by Frederick J. Finks 11 

What Serving at Ashland Theological Seminary 12-14 

Means to Me by Brethren Administrators and Faculty Members 


Cartoon 3 

Update 15 

Children's Page 17 

by Jackie Rhoades 

The January— February Woman's Outlook 
Newsletter is in the center of this issue. 

Answers to Little Crusader page: 


Pontius' Puddle 





January 1993 

It's Time for Spiritual Awakening 

The first of four articles on The Brethren 
Church's "Priorities for the Nineties/' 

By Ronald W. Waters 

Priority 1 — Becoming Like Christ 
(Spiritual Formation): to foster inner 
spiritual development that leads to 
outward action, by a deepening rela- 
tionship with the Lord, through a life- 
long maturing process, toward a life of 
obedience to Christ lived among per- 
sons of need. 

Brethren Church to revival. 
But it's not the kind of revival we 
equate with annual revival services. 

In the past, the annual revival 
services were the times when 
many came to know Jesus as 
saving Lord. Today, revival serv- 
ices often have few first-time 
professions. Certainly, we long for 
more persons to come to saving 
faith in Jesus. But Priority 1 has 
as much to do with us already- 
believers as it does with not-yet- 

This priority calls for "inner 
spiritual development that leads to 
outward action," a truer image of 
revival. That describes "spiritual 
awakening," a first step toward 
spiritual formation. David Bryant 
has written this definition of spir- 

Rev. Waters is Director of Brethren 
Church Ministries. 

The four denominational priorities 
being discussed in this and the remain- 
ing three articles were adopted by the 
1992 General Conference. 

itual awakening: "When the 
Father wakes us up to see Christ's 
fullness in new ways, so that to- 
gether we trust Him, love Him, and 
obey Him in new ways, so that we 
move with Him in new ways for the 
fulfillment of His global cause."* 

A Deepening Relationship 

With the Lord 

Spiritual awakening begins with 
a "wake-up call" from God to be- 
lievers. Often we get so caught up 
in daily living that we lose sight of 
God's agenda for the world. At 
times, we neglect our relationship 
with Him. The messages to the 
seven churches in Revelation 2-3 
are an example of His call to us to 
spiritual awakening, repentance, 
and renewal. 

God's "wake-up call" is that we 
"see the fullness of Christ in new 
ways." In Philippians 3:10 the 
Apostle Paul describes his life pur- 
pose: "to know Christ." This is 
more than a casual acquaintance 
with Him. "To know" includes a 
deep experience of the other, as in 
the intimacy of marriage. 

What is "the fullness of Christ"? 
Paul says that "God was pleased to 
have all his fullness dwell in him 
[Jesus], and through him to recon- 
cile to himself all things ... by 
making peace through his blood, 
shed on the cross" (Colossians 
1:19-20). Jesus Himself said, "Any- 
one who has seen me has seen the 
Father" (John 14:9). To know Christ 
is to know God in all His fullness. 

In this life, we will never fully 

* Concerts of Prayer by David Bryant 
(copyright © 1984, 1988 by Regal Books, 
Ventura, Calif.; used by permission), p. 
40. Several concepts explored here are 
taken from Chapter 4, "Beyond the 
Threshold: The Hope Toward Which We 
Pray," based on this definition. 

comprehend the "fullness of Christ." 
But to make our life purpose "to 
know Christ" in all His fullness 
will open our minds and hearts to 
a growing intimacy with Him. 

A Life-Long Maturing Process 

I made my profession of faith at 
age nine (during a revival serv- 
ice!). I still remember the joy and 
peace I felt that night. Three years 
later, I wondered if I had really 
known what I was doing when I 
made that decision. Certainly, at 
age twelve, my knowledge of Christ 
was far superior. So I renewed my 
commitment of faith based on this 
"advanced" knowledge. 

As I look back today, I recognize 
that my childhood knowledge was 
so limited. In thirty years, when I 
look back to today, I pray I will 
have so grown in my knowledge of 
Christ that my 1990s faith will 
seem equally paltry! 

For most of us, our Christian life 
began as an event when we first 
professed our faith in Him. But 
our knowledge of Christ is also a 
process. We should acknowledge 
His lordship in our lives again and 

Jesus told His disciples that "I 
have much more to say to you, more 
than you can now bear" (John 
16:12). They were too young in 
faith, too emotionally distraught, 
unable yet to see the full picture of 
His mission. But He also assured 
them that He would reveal more to 
them through His Spirit who would 
come. "He will bring glory to me by 
taking from what is mine and mak- 
ing it known to you" (v. 14). We 
have that same assurance today! 

Early Brethren recognized that 
they did not have a complete knowl- 
edge of "the fullness of Christ." 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"Spiritual awakening begins with a 'wake-up call 9 from 
God to believers. . . . God's 'wake-up call 9 is that we 'see 
the fullness of Christ in new ways. 


They freely admitted that they 
were open to "new light" from the 
Spirit as they studied God's word 
together. Because we too have the 
written word and the Spirit to 
guide our understanding of it, we 
may continue to grow in our knowl- 
edge of Christ as we study His 
word together. 

A Life of Obedience to Christ 

An old love song said, "To know 
him is to love him." To know Christ 
is to respond to His love. The more 
we know, the more we love. 

But Jesus went one step further: 
"If you love me, you will obey what 
I command" (John 14:15). Obedi- 
ence grows out of a deepening, 
loving, trusting relationship with 
Christ. The more we know Him, 
the more we long to obey Him. 

My obedience to Him at age nine 
was so simple. It placed few de- 
mands on my life. But obedience to 
Christ is as demanding as the depth 
of our knowledge of Him. The more 
we know Him, the more we love 
Him. The more we love Him, the 
greater His call for a more pro- 
found obedience to His word. 

Thankfully, His call for obedience 
is demonstrated in His great love 
for us. Obedience out of any motive 
other than a grateful response to 
His lavish lovingkindness results 
in legalism. But obedience out of 
love leads to a life of joyful devo- 
tion and praise! 

How are we to obey Him? The 
Scriptures are full of His loving 
commands. We call one the Great 
Commandment, and it has two 
parts: to love the Lord with all our 
being, and to love our neighbor as 
ourselves (Luke 10:25-37). 

That Great Commandment is 
linked to His Great Commission 
(Matthew 28:18-20): to make dis- 
ciples of all peoples. As we trust 
Him, love Him, and obey Him in 
new ways, then "we move with 

January 1993 

Him in new ways for fulfillment of 
His global cause." 

Lived Among Persons of Need 

Few of us live cloistered lives. 
We live among people with tremen- 
dous needs — homelessness, disease, 
addictions, dysfunctional families, 
greed, poverty, loneliness, injus- 
tice, unresolved conflicts, depres- 
sion, despair. But behind every 
human need is the most basic of all 
needs — for reconciliation with a 
holy God. If my spiritual growth 
contributes only to my personal 
relationship with God, it falls short 
of His ideal. 

In describing his life purpose in 
Philippians 3:10, Paul goes on to 
say: "I want to know . . . the fellow- 
ship of sharing in his sufferings, 
becoming like him in his death." 
While Paul longed to know Christ 
fully and to experience the power 
of the risen Christ in his life, it 
was not for his personal benefit 
alone. When Jesus died on the 
cross, it was not to benefit Himself 
but for sinful, alienated, needy 
folks like you and me. Paul's desire 
was that his knowledge of Christ 
and the power of Christ working in 

Witnesses to the World 

(continued from page 6) 

churches, our missionaries, and 
our district and denominational 
leaders by our prayers, our tithes, 
and our gifts. By supporting them 
in these ways, we are witnessing 
through them. 

Our responsibility to witness, 
however, does not end there. 
Through the Great Commission 
God calls all Christians to be per- 
sonal witnesses for Him. He pre- 
sents us with opportunities for wit- 
nessing every day. Pray that He 
will enable you to see and use those 
opportunities to His glory. Prayer 
is the key to open the door to those 

him would directly affect the lives 
of others who needed a saving 
faith. That should be the goal of 
our life of faith as well. 


The goal of Priority 1, then, is 
that as followers of Jesus Christ, 
we might grow in our relationship 
with Him and, in so doing, touch 
broken persons with the Good 
News of His lordship and saving 
work on the cross. 

How do we come to that level of 
devotion? It begins as we pray to- 
gether for spiritual awakening. It 
may begin with the intense prayer of 
only a few — perhaps with you. Some- 
one has said that "revival is not 
organized; it is agonized." David 
Bryant says the same is true for a 
movement of prayer for revival. 

Isaiah cried out for God to "rend 
the heavens and come down" (64:1- 
8). Even so, come Lord Jesus. Wake 
us anew to Your presence in and 
among us. Mold us and make us 
after Your will. Renew our rela- 
tionship to You; guide us in a life 
of obedience; minister through us 
to persons who need the touch of 
Your hand. Amen. [f] 

opportunities. Be faithful to use 
that key. 

One of God's soul-winning serv- 
ants became greatly burdened for 
the salvation of an unsaved girl, 
She resented his efforts to bring 
her face to face with her lost-ness 
and her need of the Savior. She 
told her mother of her displeasure. 
Said the mother angrily, "The next 
time he speaks to you about being 
saved, tell him to mind his own 

"But mother," protested the girl, 
"he talks like this is his business!" 

Yes, it is the business of every 
born-again believer to do his or her 
level best to bring the lost, perish- 
ing ones to Jesus! [f] 

By Rev. Glenn Grumbling, General Conference Moderator 

THE TITLE of this article is the 
theme for the 1993 General Con- 
ference of The Brethren Church. 
I'm convinced that all Christians 
should also have this as the theme 
of their daily lives until the Lord 
takes them home. 

Why should we Christians get 
excited about being witnesses to 
the world? What should motivate 
us to be witnesses for our Lord and 
Savior, Jesus Christ? 

Our Lord commands it 

We should be witnesses to the 
world because our Lord command- 
ed us to be. ". . . you will be my 
witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all 
Judea and Samaria, and to the ends 
of the earth" (Acts 1:8).* "There- 
fore go and make disciples of all 
nations, baptizing them in the 
name of the Father and of the Son 
and of the Holy Spirit, and teach- 
ing them to obey everything I have 
commanded you" (Matt. 28:19-20). 

Christ gave this command to His 
disciples of the twentieth century 
(that's us) just as surely as He 
gave it to His disciples of the first 
century. Whether we have the gift 
of evangelism or we don't have the 
gift of evangelism, if we have re- 
ceived Christ as our personal Lord 
and Savior, we are to be His wit- 
nesses. He has called us all to be 
witnesses to the world! 

God wills all to be saved 

We should be witnesses to the 

'Quotations from the Bible are taken 
from the New International Version. 

Moderator Grumbling pastors the 
College Corner Brethren Church near 
Wabash, Ind. 

world because it is God's will that 
all be saved. It is God's desire that 
no one be lost (1 Tim. 2:4). God has 
ordained that all can be saved by 
putting their faith in Jesus Christ 
(John 3:16). Christ declared, "I am 
the way and the truth and the life. 
No one comes to the Father except 
through me" (John 14:6). 

Christ is the only way to be 
saved from sin because He alone is 
perfect (1 Pet. 1:19). No other re- 
ligious leader is capable of saving 
anyone. Therefore, when we witness 
to the world about our Lord Jesus 
Christ, we are seeking to fulfill 
God's will that everyone should be 

Christ's sufferings require it 

We should be witnesses to the 
world because of the sufferings of 
Christ. ". . . the Lord Jesus Christ 
. . . gave himself for our sins to 
rescue us from the present evil age 
. . ." (Gal. 1:3-4). We should thank 
our Lord daily for that price He 
paid for our sins. His shed blood 
has the power to cleanse us of all 
our sin. The best way to thank Him 
is to witness to others about Him. 

The Holy Spirit enables us 

We should be witnesses to the 
world because of the gift of the 
Holy Spirit. Our Lord promises us, 
"... you will receive power when 
the Holy Spirit comes on you ..." 
(Acts 1:8). The power we Christians 
received when we invited Christ 
into our lives is the fulfillment of 
that promise of Christ to us. It proves 
that we have a resurrected Savior 
and an indwelling Holy Spirit. 
Through the presence of the Holy 
Spirit, our Savior lives in our lives. 

Christians unleash the power of 
the Holy Spirit in their lives by 
being witnesses to the world. 

The gospel has power to save 

We should be witnesses to the 
world because of the power of the 
gospel. The Apostle Paul declared, 
"I am not ashamed of the gospel, 
because it is the power of God for 
the salvation of everyone who 
believes ..." (Rom. 1:16). 

In this gospel, which we have 
been given to proclaim to the 
world, we can see God's answer to 
every human need. The gospel is 
so powerful that through it, God 
can cure every problem in this 
world when His disciples ask Him 
and have faith in Him to do so. 

Christ promises to be with us 

We should be witnesses to the 
world because of the promise 
Christ gave us: "And surely I will 
be with you always, to the very 
end of the age" (Matt. 28:20). It's 
assuring to realize that our Lord 
never sends us out to witness on 
our own. When He sends us, He 
goes with us. 

In Exodus 3:11, Moses asked 
God, "Who am I, that I should go 
to Pharaoh and bring the Israelites 
out of Egypt?" And God answered, 
"I will be with you." This is the key 
to our faith! Since the Lord is with 
us, we shouldn't be afraid or un- 
willing to go anywhere to witness 
of Him. The question should never 
be "Who am I?" but "Who is He 
Who is in me?" 

God gives all of us the oppor- 
tunity to be witnesses by proxy. 
We may do so by supporting our 
(continued on page 5) 

The Brethren Evangelist 

and Believing 

By Gary B. Swanson 

IN 1903 the motion picture The 
Great Train Robbery shocked its 
wide-eyed viewing audiences. In 
the concluding frames of the film, 
gunslinger George Barnes turned 
and fired two shots from his pistol 
directly at the camera, then disap- 
peared in the smoke. 

People in the audience screamed 
and ducked behind the seats in 
front of them. Because of their un- 
familiarity with this riveting new 
medium of communication, they 
thought they were actually being 
fired upon. 

A false view of reality 

A modern version of the same 
thing is going on in some of the 
more remote and underdeveloped 
corners of today's world. J.J. Mar- 
tin, an author and former Peace 
Corps volunteer to Papua New 
Guinea, only a hundred miles north 
of Australia, tells of primitive cul- 
tures there that he describes as 
being "caught in limbo between the 
stone age and the ice age." 

One such group, for instance, 
gets together inside a Catholic 
mission where they can watch 
American-made movies on a gener- 
ator-powered VCR. Among this 
group, Martin writes, Sylvester 
Stallone has become a violent god. 
They view the actor's exploits on 
the screen as literal happenings. 
They have no concept of scripts or 
acting or stunts or out-takes. To 
them, it's as if the camera just 
happened to be on hand when these 
memorable events took place. 

As members of a "civilized" society, 

Mr. Swanson is a free-lance writer 
who lives in Silver Spring, Md. 

January 1993 

we may laugh at 
this lack of sophis 
tication. From our view- 
point in a developed culture in 
the 1990s, such naivete seems 
quaint. But the makers of mo- 
tion pictures have come a long way 
since 1903, and now they are im- 
plementing their new skills in our 
living rooms on television. Thanks 
to the combination of computers 
and television, images are being 
transformed to the extent that we 
may not be sure that we can 
believe what we are seeing. 

In a recent TV commercial for 
Diet Coke, pop star Elton John sits 
at his piano and sings a catchy 
tune. Standing next to him and 
joking with him is the legendary 
jazz trumpeter Louis Armstrong — 
who has been dead for more than 
20 years. And computer-enhanced 
scenes have juxtaposed images of 
yesterday's movie stars James 
Cagney and Humphrey Bogart 
with modern-day party-goers. 

Obviously this is a clever man- 
ipulation of technology in the in- 
terest of selling more Diet Coke. 
Any semi-sophisticated TV viewer 
of the 1990s can see that. But it 
makes you wonder a bit about 
what they'll be able to do next. If 
such skills were in the wrong 
hands, someone would be able to 
deceive many of us into making 
decisions we wouldn't otherwise 

The devil has his tricks too 

If Hollywood today can frighten 
millions of viewers with Freddy 
Kreuger — even when they know 
the whole thing is pretend — surely 
the devil has a few communication 

skills and 

media left that 

he can use to in- 

f - fluence us to do 

things we ordinarily wouldn't. 
Let's face it, if we try to match wits 
with the devil on our own, we're 
way out of our league. 

The media are a gift from God. 
But the devil can use them in the 
same way he can corrupt any of 
God's other gifts. This means that 
we must be ever more careful of 
the effects of the media on our 
lives. Can any of us truly claim 
that the media have absolutely no 
influence on us? Surely none of us 
makes a god of Sylvester Stallone 
— or do we? And just exactly why 
do we choose one brand of soft drink 
over another? 

We can protect ourselves 

These are the kinds of questions 
we Christians should be asking 
ourselves as we face the thousands 
of messages that the media are 
bombarding us with every day. 
The good news is that we can 
protect ourselves against being 
deceived by the devil. At first 
glance, some may wonder how the 
Bible — written thousands of years 
before television, radio, and motion 
pictures were developed — could be 
of any help to us in facing the in- 
fluence that these media have up- 
on us. But the timeless principles 
of God's word will never be obsolete. 

In his letter to the Philippians, 

for example, Paul lists some very 

practical ways to evaluate the 

messages we receive from the 

(continued on page 9) 

ANY PERSON skilled in a craft 
knows the value of a quality 
tool. Imagine the response a sur- 
geon would make if he was handed 
a hunting knife and asked to per- 
form delicate surgery. A contractor 
who was a member of the govern- 
ing board of our church influenced 
a decision to purchase a new piano 
for the worship center by com- 
paring the musicians need for a 
quality instrument to his own need 
for tools that enable him to do fine 

There are times, of course, when 
one must perform under adverse 
circumstances, like the renowned 
violinist who had a string break 
during a performance. That was 
bad enough, but then two more 
strings broke. To everyone's amaze- 
ment, the violinist completed his 
rendition of the work on the one 
string that remained. 

Once, when I expressed disap- 
pointment in the quality of instru- 
ment that a church provided for 
ministry, I was told this story and 
admonished to use whatever was 
provided for God's glory, even if it 
had but one string. The story and 
the admonition seemed to satisfy 
the one who shared it with me. 
The thing the person perhaps for- 
got was that Maestro Paganini 
very likely replaced the strings 
before playing his next selection. 

What if the situation persists? 

Most of us have the grace to 
meet the challenge of difficult 
situations. But what do you do 
when the situation persists Sun- 

Dr. Sprunger is Professor of Church 
Music at Ashland Theological Seminary. 


Using Instruments 

That Reflect Our Priority 

on Worship 

By Ronald L. Sprunger 

day after Sunday, year after year? 
Many would agree that worship 
is a priority in the life of a con- 
gregation. But do they realize that 
the instruments used to lead and 
support congregational worship 
should also be a priority? In wor- 
ship we gather to meet the living 
God, and we are empowered to live 
the Christian life. What occasion 
could be more significant in the life 
of the church? What occasion more 
worthy of a costly investment? 

What do we value most? 

During the past few years my 
wife Linda and I have had the priv- 
ilege of ministering in churches of 
many denominations. Often the 
musical instruments are of aver- 
age or better-than-average quality. 
Often they are not. It seems that 
for some of God's people, paved 
parking lots, well-equipped kitch- 
ens, computers, laser printers, and 
even sound systems are valued 
more than quality keyboard in- 

Recently I took courage and 
shared my concern with a host 
pastor. I appreciated his willing- 
ness to listen. His response was 
that many people see no reason for 
concern as long as the church has 
instruments with keys that work. 
He agreed that instruments should 
be regarded as an integral part of 
a building program and financed 
along with other essentials such as 
pulpit, altar, and pews, so that 
they would not be viewed as an 
added financial burden at a later 

Few congregations would be 
satisfied with used pews or carpet 
in a new building. So why do they 

continue to use instruments that 
should have been replaced long 
ago? A question that I would ask 
each reader to prayerfully consider 
is this: Which of the material items 
that often takes precedence con- 
tributes more to the spiritual life 
of a congregation than the instru- 
ments used in the offering of 
praise and worship? 

When buying a new piano for the 
sanctuary, some churches move 
the old sanctuary piano to the 
children's department. But is this 
a good decision in light of research 
which shows that the most sig- 
nificant musical development of 
the ear occurs before the age of 

A gentleman who tuned church 
pianos would routinely ask whether 
the piano in the children's depart- 
ment needed tuning. All too often 
the response was: "It's OK. It's 
used only for the children." 

As the young child's ears are 
developing, it is important to pro- 
vide in-tune instruments to guide 
that development. An instrument 
that is not large enough to support 
and inspire congregational wor- 
ship could be used in the children's 
department, but only if it has good 
tone and still holds its pitch. 

How does it sound? 

The in-tuneness of an instru- 
ment is not the only factor to con- 
sider. Quality of sound is also im- 
portant. During the past school 
year we were blessed by the musi- 
cal offerings of a student who is a 
professional musician and master 
performer. God is using her gifts to 
reach others in her professional 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"In worship we gather to meet the living God, and we are empowered to 
live the Christian life. What occasion could be more significant in the life 
of the church? What occasion more worthy of a costly investment?" 

When I discovered that this stu- 
dent also possessed more than ade- 
quate keyboard ability, I asked her 
if she might be interested in study- 
ing organ. Her response was inter- 
esting. She said that the church 
she attended as a child and youth 
didn't have an organ that produced 
inspiring sounds. She was a 
university student when she heard 
exciting organ sounds for the first 
time in her life. 

In view of the consequences, 
churches, colleges, and seminaries 
should give serious consideration 
to the quality of those things that 
serve as models in the process of 
spiritual formation. If future 
Christian leaders hear organs, 

pianos, and other musical instru- 
ments that have strength and 
beauty of tone, perhaps they will 
be less apt to allow the churches 
they serve to continue on the path- 
way of mediocrity in this impor- 
tant area of ministry. 

Are we giving our best? 

In my endeavor to promote 
quality in music ministry, I find 
that I must search my own heart 
to determine whether my motive is 
to seek the best for God's glory and 
the edification of His people, or to 
fulfill my personal desires. The 
concluding lines of a hymn by 
Howard B. Grose are challenging 
words for each of us: 

Give of your best to the Master, 
Naught else is worthy His love; 
He gave Himself for your ransom, 
Gave up His glory above: 
Laid down His life without murmur, 
You from sin's ruin to save; 
Give Him your heart's adoration, 
Give Him the best that you have. 

As I look across a church park- 
ing lot, I see automobiles that cost 
thousands of dollars. In spite of 
their great cost, most of them will 
last only a few years. In contrast, 
a quality piano or organ that is 
properly maintained will last for 
decades, continuing as an instru- 
ment of praise from one generation 
to the next. Is it costly? Yes. Worth 
it? I think He is. [f] 

Seeing and Believing 

(continued from page 7) 
media: "Finally, brethren, whatsoever 
things are true, whatsoever things are 
honest, whatsoever things are just, 
whatsoever things are pure, what- 
soever things are lovely, whatsoever 
things are of good report; if there be 
any virtue, and if there be any praise, 
think on these things" (4:8, KJV). 

It's important not to overlook the 
underlying basis for this list. It tells 
us to analyze what we see and hear 
and think about. We aren't supposed 
to just soak up the messages that 
come our way without considering 
their value — or lack of it. A thinking 
Christian cannot be a "couch potato." 

Second, Paul provides a specific 
checklist by which we Christians can 
measure the impact that the media 
may be having on our lives. We are to 
read, view, or listen to those things 
that are: true, honest, just, pure, love- 
ly, and of good report. 

With a list as practical as this, we 
don't have to be terribly sophisticated 
to judge the effects of the media on 
our lives. When the messages from 
Wall Street and Hollywood beam our 
way, we can be ready for them. We 
don't have to believe everything we 
see. And most of us would be better off 
seeing less in the first place. [f] 

January 1993 

mm mm 

rr,;;';;"""""!'"";'!,; - "- - ; 

Thoughts for the New Year: 

Live Today 

Forget the past and live the present hour; 

Now is the time to work, the time to fill 

The soul with noblest thoughts, the time to will 

Heroic deeds, to use whatever dower 

Heaven has bestowed, to test our utmost power. 

Now is the time to love, and better still, 
To serve our loved ones, over passing ill 
To rise triumphant; thus the perfect flower 
Of life shall come to fruitage; wealth amass 
For grandest giving ere the time be gone. 

I Be glad today, tomorrow may bring tears; 

Be brave today, the darkest night will pass, 
1 And golden rays will usher in the dawn; 

| Who conquers now shall rule the coming years. 


| Sarah Knowles Bolton, 1841-1916 




A Call for Diplomatic Initiatives 

Military intervention alone cannot provide a lasting solution 
to the troubles that plague Somalia. 

By Sharon Pauling 

on Somalia's wounds with Opera- 
tion Restore Hope, but not treating the 
infection which threatens that nation. 
Military intervention is necessary to 
save lives now, but it does not address 
the root political and economic causes 
of the crisis. Without equally energetic 
attention to diplomatic efforts, the 
violence, starvation and suffering will 
continue long after U.S. troops leave 

Bread for the World, the U.S.'s largest 
ctitzens' movement against hunger, wel- 
comes the United Nation's efforts to 
provide security forces to assure the 
delivery of food in Somalia. An es- 
timated 2,000 people are dying every 
day in that country. Many of these 
senseless deaths can be avoided by 
protecting food and relief workers. 

Nevertheless, it is imperative that a 
greater emphasis be placed on long-term 
diplomatic solutions. Military interven- 
tion alone cannot provide a lasting solu- 
tion to the troubles that plague Somalia. 
If handled wrongly, intervention could 
inadvertently strengthen the power of 
some militia leaders, and deepen the re- 
solve of others to continue with violence. 

Violence breeds violence 

Use of military force is risky, as it 
perpetuates the practice of using 
weapons and violence to resolve prob- 
lems between clans. The current human- 
itarian crisis has its origins in deposed 
dictator Siad Barre's militarized ap- 
proach to subduing Somali factions. For 
more than 20 years, Barre's regime used 
Soviet and U.S. weapons to ruthlessly 

Ms. Pauling is Africa Policy Analyst 
with Bread for the World. She is con- 
sidered a leading expert on African 
famine issues, especially on the role of 
U.S. foreign policy in Somalia, 
Ethiopia, Sudan, and southern Africa. 
She has developed many policy initia- 
tives on hunger, development, human 
rights, and militarization in Africa. 


repress the Somali people through 
divide-and-rule tactics. The country has 
been left with a legacy of clan fighting, 
death, and starvation. 

Bread for the World believes that if 
military intervention in Somalia is to be 
successful, it must be accompanied by 
long-lasting diplomatic efforts to foster 
peace and democracy. In addition to 
enhancing security at major ports, air- 
strips, and along food distribution cor- 
ridors, correspondingly energetic dip- 
lomatic initiatives need to be launched 
to bring peace to the nation. 

A peace process 

The United Nations needs to launch a 
peace process that is broadly inclusive 
of clan elders, community leaders, and 
militia leaders that lays the groundwork 
for developing governing structures. 
The process must recognize that solu- 
tions cannot be imposed from the out- 
side, but must be conceived, embraced, 
and implemented by Somalis. Interven- 
tion that merely takes a band-aid ap- 
proach to Somalia's open sores could 
lead to further degeneration, rather than 
to healing. 

Community structures still exist 
throughout Somalia and need to be sup- 
ported. All relief operations and conflict 
resolution should build on current ef- 
forts of Somalis who are attempting to 
bring peace to their nation. Intervention 
should also take into consideration the 
recovery needs and political will of the 
people in the northwest region, the un- 
recognized Republic of Somaliland. 

The length of time needed for military 
intervention is uncertain. Efforts to exit 
quickly could threaten long-lasting 
peace and preempt a broadly inclusive 
process, especially if internationally 
facilitated negotiations favor militia 
leaders over others. General Farah 
Aideed as well as Mohamed Ali Mahdi 
support the U.S. plan to send large num- 
bers of troops. Aideed, as the stronger 
military leader, especially sees the plan 
as a means of bolstering his strength. 

Since 1974 Bread for the World has 
supported initiatives designed to help 
end recurring hunger and famine in 
Africa. By actively supporting peace, 
democracy, and long-term sustainable 
development in Africa, the international 
community can avoid massive famine 
and the more costly and less desirable 
alternatives of providing emergency 
food aid and mobilizing military in- 
tervention. Somalia is a good place to 
start breaking the cycle of human suf- 
fering, [f] 

World Relief Working With 
Other Groups in Somalia 

With the U.S. now leading a United 
Nations force to secure the safe 
delivery of relief supplies into 
Somalia, World Relief Corporation of 
the National Association of Evangel- 
icals has joined other evangelical 
groups in their efforts to provide 
needed medical supplies to the 
neediest people of that country. 

David Loudon, World Relief's 
director of operations for Africa, left 
December 21 to meet in Somalia with 
other evangelical agencies to deter- 
mine longer-term action. 

"We believe that the sheer scale of 
this crisis calls for individual Chris- 
tians, churches and evangelical 
organizations to join together and 
share their resources and gifts as a 
demonstration of Christ's love," Lou- 
don said. 

Prior to the U.S. landing in Moga- 
dishu, the lack of security in Somalia 
made it impossible to guarantee 
safe, effective delivery of assistance. 
World Relief also continues to sup- 
port efforts to provide life-saving 
water to several villages in Kenya 
along the Somalia border, where 
hundreds of thousands of Somalis 
have fled. 

World Relief also assists Somali 
refugees who have been approved 
by the U.S. for resettlement. In the 
next year, World Relief expects to 
resettle 250 to 350 Somali refugees 
throughout the U.S. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

QpuhUeatiofv (ffthc ^rethrew ^Woman's {Missionary Society 

January-February 1993 

Volume 6, Number 3 

ike presidents ^m Oliissiona/Q ^JMisciHatuj 

Dear Ladies, 

When you read this, Thanksgiving 
and Christmas will already be history! 
We spent Thanksgiving in North Caro- 
lina with John and Cheryl and their 
boys, and all of our children and grand- 
children were at our house for Christ- 
mas. I trust your holidays were happy 
and that you had a chance to be with 
family and friends. 

As I write this, I am in sunny Ari- 
zona. My husband is attending a con- 
ference and I came along to relax and 
rest. The sunshine feels so good! We 
left snow in Ohio. We worshiped one 
Sunday in the Northwest Brethren 
Chapel in Tucson. 

In November we attended services 
in New Lebanon, where our son Jim is 
pastor. Our grandson, Nathan, was 
baptized during the morning service. 
It was a thrill to be a part of that serv- 
ice! Jim's scripture that morning was 
from Philippians. He reminded us that 
we need to build our lives on solid 
rock — not on sand. We need to make 
sure our lives are grounded in faith. 
We should be faithful in meeting 
together to encourage one another. 
Paul, in Philippians 4:1, encourages 
the people to stand firm in the Lord. 
As we begin 1993, let's be sure we are 
faithful to our Lord. When we are 
faithful to God, we find it easier to be 
the person God wants us to be. We will 
want to spend time in fellowship with 
family and with Christian friends. 

In my last letter, I said I had some 
goals for our WMS. The one I would 
like us to think about this month is to 
make all of our WMS societies more 
aware of our missionaries: where they 
serve, some of the problems they have 
in individual countries, and what can 
we do to assist them in their work. A 
missionary family is pictured each 
month on the calendar that is printed 
by the Missionary Board. (Check with 
Ginny Hoyt in the office, 524 College 
Avenue, Ashland, OH 44805, if you 
need one.) Many WMS circles have a 
(continued on page 3) 

At General Conference, Marilyn 
Aspinall told of the soon-to-be women's 
conference in Argentina, their probable 
attendance despite hardships the 
women face, and their offering goal. 
Soon after the Conference, Marilyn 

November 18, 1992 
Dear Joan, 

Yesterday we received the Evange- 
list with the WMS newsletter and I 
again remembered that I owed you a 
letter. I can't believe that it's been a 
month and a half since we returned to 
Argentina! This last year here will be 
over before we know it — and perhaps 
before we are ready for it! 

My time was completely absorbed 
upon arrival back "home" with the 
preparations for our Annual Women's 
Conference at Eden, since I was the 
speaker this year. I had pretty well or- 
ganized the ideas and materials for the 
four messages, but I did have to spend 
quite a lot of time (more than I had 
imagined) polishing them up, eliminat- 
ing and adding to, etc., and then final- 
ly typing them. I use a manuscript, but 
usually have it worn out with "goings 
over" before the actual event. I just 
like to have a record of what I have 
presented. Also, this time it was a big 
thing — four one-hour messages. The 
Lord really blessed and lives were 
touched, according to comments people 
personally made to me afterward. 
Praise the Lord! The theme was on 
"Life's Crises" and seemed to be con- 
temporary, as you can well imagine 
with the world we live in today. The 
one thing for which I especially 
thanked the Lord (and I had previous- 
ly asked Him for it) was the complete 
liberty I had in the presentations. 

There was a strange incident right 
before I was about to present the third 
message. I felt oppressed and very 
tired, hardly able to stand up, and was 
praying very hard while the ladies 
finished the praise part of the meeting. 
It occurred to me to ask Nelly Rivero 

to pray publicly for me before I 
delivered the message, as I sat there, 
feeling all that pressure. One of the 
girls from Soldini was leading the 
meeting and, without any contact with 
her, she said, "And now before we turn 
the meeting over to Marilyn for her 
message from the Lord, I would like to 
ask Nelly Rivero to offer prayer on her 
behalf." How I praised the Lord! We 
are truly fighting against "principal- 
ities and powers" these days as we 
deliver the Word. But "He that is in us 
is stronger than he that is against us." 
Praise His name! 

The Conference was well attended, a 
few less than other years because of 
the terrible costs of transportation, but 
we did have around 120 women. There 
was a lovely open spirit among us and 
we truly felt the communion with each 
other and with the Lord. The exciting 
thing was that when the time came to 
present the results of the goal we were 
all a bit cautious about being sure we 
had made it. But, if you remember, I 
believe I had shared with the Con- 
ference in Ashland that we always 
seem to make it somehow — even 
though the ladies risk doubling the 
amount each year (at least in the 
past). We had had goals of $500, then 
$1,000, then $2,000, and then this year 
they really threw out a challenge and 
made the goal of $5,000. We all 
rejoiced together as the Treasurer 
reported that we had offered to the 
Lord a total of $5,600. How's that for 
faith? Praise the Lord for His good- 
ness; he still multiplies the loaves and 
the fishes! 

(continued on page 4) 

W.M.S. DIRECTORY — 1993 


President — Mrs. Shirley Black, 102 High St., 

Ashland, OH 44805. Phone: 419-289-0370 
Vice President — Mrs. Helen Dickson, 506 E. 

State St., Huntington, IN 46750. Phone: 219- 

General Secretary — Mrs. Grace Grumbling, 

114 Cambridge Rd., Johnstown, PA 15905. 

Phone: 814-255-3254 
Ass't. Secretary — Mrs. Trudy Kerner, 1209 

King Rd., Ashland, OH 44805. Phone: 419- 

Financial Secretary — Mrs. Joanne Kroft, 608 

Twp. Rd. 1151; RD 5, Ashland, OH 44805. 

Phone: 419-962-4679 
Treasurer — Mrs. JoAnn Seaman, 1314 Davis 

Rd., Ashland, OH 44805. Phone: 419-281- 

Literature Secretary — Mrs. Kathy Mack, 121 

E. Liberty St., Ashland, OH 44805. Phone: 

Ass't Literature Secretary — Mrs. Doris 

Shultz, 455 S. Countryside Dr., Ashland, OH 

44805. Phone: 419-289-0202 
Editor of the Outlook Devotional Guide — Mrs. 

Jeanette Sullivan, P. O. Box 638, Mil- 

ledgeville, IL 61051. Phone: 815-225-7570 
Editor of the Outlook Newsletter — Mrs. Joan 

Ronk, 1325 Carriage Hill Ct., Ashland, OH 

44805. Phone: 419-281-3050 
Subscription Secretary — Mrs. Ginny Hoyt, 

728 Davis St. Ashland, OH 44805. Phone: 

Sewing and World Relief Coordinator — Mrs. 

Joan Merrill, 9300 S. St. Rt. 3, Muncie, IN 

43702. Phone: 317-289-2384 



Acting President — Mrs. Helen McConahay, 
2736 Bradenton Rd., Lot 18, Sarasota, FL 
33580. Phone: 813-351-1409. Summer ad- 
dress: 4718 Egypt Rd., Smithville, OH 
44677. Phone: 216-669-2944 


President — Susan Kidd, 975 Star Crest Dr., 

Harrisonburg, VA 22812. Phone: 703-433- 

Vice President — Mary Garver, 407 Main St., 

New Windsor, MD 21776 
Secretary-Treasurer — Cara Pomeroy, 311 

Thompson Ave., Oak Hill, WV 25901 
Ass't Secretary-Treasurer — Virginia Hook, 

3046 Old Washington Rd., Westminster, MD 



President — Jane Yoder, P. O. Box 44, Mt. 

View Rd., Jones Mills, PA 15646. Phone: 

Vice President — Sheila Nemeth, Box 324B, 

Acme, PA 15610 
Secretary -Treasurer — Joy Zook, 179 Bond 

St., Johnstown, PA 15902 
Ass't Secretary-Treasurer — Helen McAfoose, 

396 Sunmine Rd., Sarver, PA 16055 


President — Mrs. Alberta Holsinger, 208 

Sloan Ave., Ashland, OH 44805. Phone: 419- 

Vice President — Mrs. Wanda Powell, 4905 

Westerville Lake Rd., Beloit, OH 4609 
Secretary-Treasurer — Mrs. Susie Black, 32 S. 

Church St., P. O. Box 275, New Lebanon, 

OH 45345 
Ass't Secretary-Treasurer — Mrs. Joanne 

Kroft, 608 Twp. Rd. 1151, RD 5, Ashland, 

OH 44805 


President — Mrs. Dolly Zerbe, RR 1, Peru, IN 

46970. Phone: 317-473-4082 
Vice President — Mrs. Wanda Armentrout, 8 

Jade Rd., Huntington, IN 46750 

Secretary-Treasurer — Mrs. Beverly Baker, 
1127 Byron Dr., South Bend, IN 46614 

Financial Secretary — Mrs. Charlene Rowser, 
64905 Mcintosh Lane, Goshen, IN 46526 

Ass't Financial Secretary — Mrs. Matilda 
Stout, RR 2, Box 10, Peru, IN 46970 


President — Mrs. Melva Staples, RD 1, Box 

46, Chadwick, IL 61014. Phone: 815-684- 

Vice President — Mrs. Anita Hollewell, RD 2, 

Box 11, Lanark, IL 61046 
Secretary-Treasurer — Mrs. Shirley Powell, 

RD 6, Box 135A, Decatur, IL 561521 


President — Carolyn Tucker, 1500 Com- 
munity, Debry, KS. Phone: 316-777-4913 

Vice President — Marie Rauber, 2307 S. 
Broadview, Wichita, KS 67218 

Secretary — Pam DePriest, 1157 N. Lakeview 
Dr., Derby, KS 67037 

Treasurer — Marilyn Minor, RR 3, Box 440, 
Ft. Scott, KS 66701 


President — Mrs. Marie Fanning, 5772 E. 

Seneca St., Tucson, AZ 85712. Phone: 602- 

Vice President — Georgia Stuber, 16103 N. 

Avenida Del Oro, Tucson, AZ 85737 
Secretary-Treasurer — Mrs. Ina Williams, 

4259 E. Blanton Rd., Tucson, AZ 85712 

Northern California 

Acting President — None at this time. 


Names and Addresses of W.M.S. 

Florida District 

Sarasota Day — June Shaw, 625 Caruso PL, 

Sarasota, FL 34241 
Sarasota Evening — Paula Gray, 5607 Waneta 

PI., Sarasota, FL 34231 

Southeast District 

Bethlehem Mary and Martha — Susan Kidd, 

865 Star Crest Dr., Harrisonburg, VA 22801 
Bethlehem Senior — Mae L. Wenger, Rt. 1, 

Box 205, Linville, VA 22834 
Cumberland — Vergie Greenawalt, 917 Mary- 
land Ave., Cumberland, MD 21502- 3522 
Hagerstown — Ruth Stoddard, 12921 

Cathedral Ave., Hagerstown, MD 21742 
Linwood — Virginia M. Hook, 3046 Old 

Washington Rd., Westminster, MD 21157 
Maurertown — Elsie Mogle, Rt. 1, Box 199 E, 

Woodstock, VA 22664 
Mt. Olive — Mabel Bailey, Rt. 1, Box 285, Port 

Republic, VA 24471 
Oak Hill — Amy L. Crouch, 140 Virginia St., 

Oak Hill, WV 25901 
St. James Ruth & Naomi — Myra Poffen- 

berger, 17815 Garden View Rd., 

Hagerstown, MD 21740 
St. Luke — Betty Cook, Rt. 2, Woodstock, VA 

Washington DC (Inactive) — Helen B. Cooksey 

(acting), 111 Clark Ave., Waldorf, MD 20607 

Pennsylvania District 

Berlin — Edith Hoffman, RD 1, Berlin, PA 

Brush Valley — Irene Tarr, RD 1, Box 210, 

Adrian, PA 16210 
Cameron Ladies Circle — Dordi John, RD 3, 

Box 265, Cameron, WV 26033 
Fairless Hills — Joanne Cole (acting), 29 

Jadewood Rd., Levittown, PA 19056 
Highland — Diane Dulaney, PO Box 69, 

Marianna, PA 15345 
Johnstown Second — Joy Zook, 179 Bond St., 

Johnstown, PA 15902 

Johnstown Third — Dolores Golby, 1781 

Goucher St., Apt. 402, Johnstown, PA 15905 
Main Street — Helen Courtney, 236 North St., 

Meyersdale, PA 15552 
Masontown — Willa Balaban, P.O. Box 107, 

Masontown, PA 15461 
Mt. Olivet — Madlyn Davis, RD 1, Box 249, 

Georgetown, DE 19947 
Pittsburgh Rebecca — Rozella Beegle, 5321 

Browns Way, Pittsburgh, PA 15224 
Pleasant View — Nancy McCraw, 1491 Han- 
cock Ave., Apollo, PA 15613-8407 
Raystown — Susan Weimert, RD 1, Box 51, 

Saxton, PA 16678 
Sarver — Marsha Nulph, 361 Stoneyhollow 

Rd., Cabot, PA 16023 
Sergeantsville — Doris Culberson, P.O. Box 

67, Sergeantsville, NJ 08557 
Valley — Sheila Nemeth, RD 1, Box 324 B, 

Acme, PA 15610 
Vinco — Brenna Mackall, RD 1, Box 284, 

Mineral Point, PA 15942 
Whitedale — Rita Varner, P.O. Box 414, 

Kingwood, WV 26537 

Ohio District 

Columbus — Patricia Morris, 4915 Botsford 

Dr., Columbus, OH 43232 
Fremont — Ruth E. Ross, 2304 Cy. Rd. 241, 

Fremont, OH 43420 
Garber — Martha A. Weaver, 500 W. Main St., 

Ashland, OH 44805 
Gratis — Ruth Focht, 8947 S. Preble County 

Line Rd., Germantown, OH 45327 
Gretna Gleaners — Nettie Hudson, 4653 Cy. 

Rd. 11, Bellefontaine, OH 43311 
Gretna Lamplighters — Becky Losey, 3445 Rd. 

200 W., Bellefontaine, OH 43311 
Hillcrest Evening Circle — Marijane Stanley, 

923 Brittany Hills Dr., Dayton, OH 45459- 

Brethren Bible — Karen Moran, 7852 Geor- 
getown Rd., Louisville, OH 44641 
Newark — Peggy Cole, 40 N. 26th St., 

Newark, OH 43055 
New Lebanon Afternoon — Jane Metzger, 1 

Lawson Ave., New Lebanon, OH 45345 
New Lebanon Evening — Shirley Decker, 

11303 Mile Rd., New Lebanon, OH 45345 
North Georgetown Carrie Stoffer — Arlene 

Raber, 29658 Tower Rd., Salem, OH 44460 
Park Street Faith — Bonnie Summy, 502 San- 
dusky St., Ashland, OH 44805 
Park Street Hope — Shirley Black, 102 High 

St., Ashland, OH 44805 
Park Street Joy — Co-Presidents: Norma 

Waters, 617 Grant St., Ashland, OH 44805 

and Sherry Van Duyne, 115 College Ave., 

Ashland, OH 44805 
Smithville ■ — Esther Brant, 7484 Five Points 

Rd., Smithville, OH 44677 
Trinity Junior — Sharon Dixon, 633 Buckwal- 

ter Dr., SW, Massillon, OH 44646 
Trinity Senior — Donna Barnes, 3204 

Cleveland Ave., South, Canton, OH 44707 
Walcrest — Diane Brown, 345 Marcus Place, 

RD 12, Mansfield, OH 44903 
West Alexandria I, Night — Marilyn Ward, 

2356 New Market Banta Rd., West 

Alexandria, OH 43581 
West Alexandria II, Day — Patti Bub, 832 

South Maple St., Eaton, OH 45320 
Williamstown — Barbara Main, 6781 St. Rt. 

12 W, Findlay, OH 45840 

Indiana District 

Ardmore I — Estella Hutchison, 35396 N. Lex- 
ington, South Bend, IN 46628 

Ardmore II — Bertha Wyatt, 55349 Woodland 
Ave., South Bend, IN 46628 

Brighton Chapel I, Day — Josephine 
Grubaugh, 5520 E. 475 N, Howe, IN 46746 

Brighton Chapel II, Evening — Mrs. Gary Cot- 

Woman's Outlook Newsletter 

ter, Brethren Retreat Center, 9095 W, 275 

N., Shipshewana, IN 46565 
Bryan — Anna Moog, 520 S. Walnut St., 

Bryan, OH 43506 
Bryan Susanna — Diane Hugg, 711 Wesley 

Ave., Bryan, OH 43506 
Burlington — Cindi Stout, RR 1, Box 215, 

Frankfort, IN 46041 
College Corner — Linda Faust, RR 5, Box 153, 

Wabash, IN 46992 
Corinth — Cyrena Stoller, RD 5, Logansport, 

IN 46947 
County Line — Inactive 
Dutchtown — Lori Stonebrenner, 2809 N. Cy. 

Rd. 400 E., Warsaw, IN 46580 
Flora — Co-Presidents: Rose Pullen, RD 1, 

Flora, IN 46929 and Kathleen Brummett, 

RD 4, Delphi, IN 46923 
Goshen — Rosalie Miller, 1607 S. 14th St., 

Goshen, IN 46526 
Huntington — Carol Tucker, 1610 Greenacre 

Dr., Huntington, IN 46750 
Loree I — Doris Deisch, RD 1, Box 89, Peru, 

IN 46970 
Loree II Charity — Marcia Payne, RD 5, Box 

15A, Peru, IN 46970 
Meadow Crest — Corine A. Austin, 8840 St. 

Joe Rd., Fort Wayne, IN 46835 
Mexico — Janie Hattery, RD 6, Peru, IN 46970 
Milford — Nedra Dobbins, 401 E. 700 N„ Lees- 
burg, IN 46538 
Muncie — Vickie Miller, RD 2, Cy. Rd., 600 E, 

Selma, IN 47383 
Nappanee — Anne Beachy, 26486 Cy. Rd. 46, 

Nappanee, IN 46550 
New Paris — Norma Weaver, 20053 Regina 

Rd., New Paris, IN 46553 
North Manchester Hadassah ■ — Helen Conrad, 

RD 1, Box 135, North Manchester, IN 

North Manchester Joy — Nancy Knapp, 405 E. 

Fifth St., North Manchester, IN 46962 
Oakville I — Wilma L. Swain, 4006 Larry 

Lane, Muncie, IN 47302 
Oakville II — Wanda Jones, P. O. Box 32, 

Oakville, IN 47367 
Peru — Waneta Finster, 2652 E. Third St., 

Peru, IN 46970 
Roann — Sandy Medsger, Box 246, Roann, IN 

Roanoke — Sharon Williams, Box 33, 

Roanoke, IN 46783 
South Bend — Beverly Baker, 1127 Byron Dr., 

South Bend, IN 46616 
Tiosa — Carol Scott, RD 5, Box 379, Rochester, 

IN 46975 
Wabash — Phyllis Meyer, RD 2, Lakeview Tr. 

Ct. Lot 30, Wabash, IN 46992. Winter ad- 
dress: 4930 Roanoke St., Sebring, FL 33870 
Warsaw — Barb Goslee, 1361 W. Eastbrook, 

Warsaw, IN 46580 

Central District 

Cerro Gordo — Elaine Dreshack, P. O. Box 

254, La Place, IL 61936 
Lanark Neoma — Grace Aiken, 115 W. Dame 

Ave., Lanark, IL 61046 
Lanark Friendship — Kristine Hardacre, RD 

1, Box 85, Lanark, IL 61046 
Milledgeville Brethren Beacons — Dorothy 

Glenn, Milledgeville, IL 61051 
Milledgeville Priscilla — Melva Staples, RD 1, 

Box 46, Chadwick, IL 61014 
Waterloo — Carolyn Waters, 303 

Meadowbrook Lane, Waterloo, IA 50701 

Midwest District 

Cheyenne I Day — Avis Mosher, P. O. Box 
5367, Cheyenne, WY 82003 

Cheyenne II Evening — Susan Hurd, 4008 E. 
13th St., Cheyenne, WY 82001 

Derby Dorcas — Marie Rauber, 2307 S. Broad- 
view, Wichita, KS 67218 

Falls City — Audrey Bennett, 2010 Fair Ave., 
Falls City, NE 68355 


Northwest Chapel Power — 

January-February 1993 

Mrs. Georgia 

Stuber, 16103 N. Avenida Del Oro, Tucson, 

AZ 85737 
Tucson E.V.E. — Mrs. Gloria Cook, 7446 E. 

24th St., Tucson, AZ 85710 
Tucson Faith, Hope, & Charity — Mrs. Freda 

Lawson, 3328 N. Richey Blvd., Tucson, AZ 


Northern California 

Contact — Mrs. Jo Sperry 3431 Cherryland, 
SP 4, Stockton, CA 95205 

"Flowers or Missions" 

I have very often wondered 

about the flowers we give, 
To put on graves of loved ones, 

Forgetting the needy that live. 
There are dear ones in the far lands 

Never a Bible do they see. 
Just gather a bunch of wild flowers, 

That will be sufficient for me. 

Some folks spend their hundreds, 

For those who cannot see, 
While people grope in darkness, 

Across the deep blue sea. 
I'd rather have flowers from your gar- 

Or blossoms that grow on your tree. 
Just gather a small bunch of either, 

That will be sufficient for me. 

The money spent for flowers, 

Would carry the Gospel abroad, 
To help some poor lost sinner, 

Find peace in our Wonderful Lord. 
So put your money in Missions, 

Help save the lost souls you see. 
A few lovely flowers from your gar- 

Will be sufficient for me. 

I'm going to the Heavenly City 
With Jesus my Saviour to be, 
And there with dear loved ones 
From suffering I'll ever be free. 
I'll sit by the beautiful river, 
Neath the shade of the evergreen 
Breathe the fragrance of flowers 
And that will be glory for me. 

Anna Mullett 

This thought-provoking poem was 
read by Linda Faust as a part of the 
Thank -Offering service during General 
Conference in August. Anna is a de- 
ceased member of the College Corner 

President's Pen (continued) 
missions chairperson who will spend 
5-10 minutes each meeting with some 
bit of interesting information on one or 
more of the missionary families. 
Again, the Missionary Board provides 
regular "Spotlights" to assist us. You 
might include any prayer requests for 
(continued on page 4) 

(h 'Mmoruwn 

Precious in the sight of the Lord is 
the death of his saints. Psalm 116:15 

The Memorial Service, presented at 
General Conference by the ladies from 
the Pennsylvania District, honored 
these members deceased in 1991—92: 

Southeast District 

Ruth Finks Maurertown 

Lois Byrd Mt. Olive 

Sallie Diehl Mt. Olive 

Mabel Keplinger Hagerstown 

Katherine Mongan Hagerstown 

Pennsylvania District 

Katherine Wilson Sergeantsville 

Thelma Fish Pleasant View 

Ohio District 

Norma Roesch New Lebanon 


Alda Johnson New Lebanon 


Lola Knight Williamstown 


Alice Ambridge 

Ellen Bundy 

Leva Krill 
Wilma Hoffman 
Catherine Miller 
Esther Kizer 
Jessie Hawkins 
Lorena Zent 


North Manchester 


North Manchester 






College Corner 


Midwest District 

Ethel Schroedl Falls City 

Lela Grieve Mulvane 

Florida District 

Jenny Blus Sarasota Day 


Published bimonthly in January, 
March, May, July, September, and 
November by the Woman's Missionary 
Society of The Brethren Church. 

Mrs. Dorman Ronk, Editor 

1325 Carriage Hill Court 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Subscription price, $7.50 per year in 

Send all subscriptions to Mrs. Robert 
Kroft, 608 Twp. Road 1151, RD 5, Ash- 
land, OH 44805 

Missionary Miscellany (continued) 
Well, several hours later. I talked to 
the Camp Administrator's wife on the 
phone and she mentioned that they 
were on their way to Rosario and 
would stop in a minute. She had a 
birthday this week, so I said, "Come in 
and eat supper with us!" After a short 
protest, she did agree to come, along 
with Eusebio, her husband. I quick ran 
down to a nearby flower shop, bought 
her a pretty arrangement for a center- 
piece and wrote a quick birthday note. 
Then Ray ran to the little corner 
market where you can buy food (deli- 
cious things) already prepared. I fixed 
a salad, had melon with ham for the 
first course, the barbecued chicken and 
french fries (with the salad) for the 
main course, and then had made 
baked apples, which I served with 
whipped cream for dessert, plus coffee. 
It all went together fast, as is the 
usual process here when someone 
drops by. We had a delightful evening 
with Doris and Eusebio from the Sol- 
dini congregation and Eden camp! We 
needed a break for friends yesterday. 

We both are keeping busy with 
things, which perhaps don't show so 
much. Ray has the responsibility of 
writing for the Brethren Church, coor- 
dinating the many young people who 
are studying in the various Bible 
schools and seminaries and who are 
from various Brethren Churches, so 
they are mindful of Brethren 
Doctrines, and also take into account 
their own church and its needs, when 
they are ready to go out and serve the 
Lord after schooling. We both have 
"clients" for counseling who come with 
established hours to our home. It's 
such a blessing seeing the Lord work 
in these individual lives and help them 
to see that their problems can be 
solved "in Him." 

In early November we were in the 
province of Cordoba for a Youth Mis- 
sion Conference. There were over 
1,000 young people from all South 
America. Ray had a seminar on 
"Models of Missionary Training." We 
stayed in a hotel filled with youth from 
Paraguay. It was a delightful ex- 
perience being with them. The Lord is 
calling Latin Americans to the mission 
field and Argentina is a sending 
country too! Praise the Lord! This 
mass of youth singing praises and of- 
fering their lives to the Lord was a real 
"emotional" experience for all present 
and we are praying that it will go far 
beyond the emotional stage to 
"reality." Pray with us. 

Content in His service, 
Marilyn J. Aspinall 
Psalm 92:1-2. 

This letter, translated, was received 
by the Missionary Board from the 
Women Missionary Society in Argen- 

Colon, July 1992 

To James R. Black, Executive Director 

Of our affection in the Lord: 

We greet you in the name of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, and we wish that 
God's blessings will enrich your life 
and ministry. 

The reason for this letter is to in- 
form you that the Board of the Women 
Missionary Society organizes annually 
in the property of the Eden Camp in 
Soldini, Province of Santa Fe, our 
Women Congress at the National level, 
with the purpose of fellowship as 
women of The Brethren Church in Ar- 
gentina, so that together we can praise 
our God, meditate in the Bible, share 
gifts and experiences and with our of- 
ferings try to reach the goals estab- 
lished every year, being priority to 
help the missionary work which ex- 
tends to neighborhood countries like 
Paraguay, the Shalom orphanage, 
Eden Camp in Soldini, and Diquecito 
Camp in Cordoba. 

As we look the course of the Eden 
Camp at Soldini, we cannot cease to 
bless and thank the Women Mission- 
ary Society in the United States for 
the significant offering sent in 1962, 
which allowed us to buy that large and 
valuable place, where we are blessed 
by our God every time we meet there. 

We want to call your attention to the 
fact that the Lord willing, in October 
of this year, our Women Congress will 
celebrate its 25 years of existence, and 
being our Silver Anniversary of that 
importance, we do want to make you 
participants of this significant event. 

With the joy of being Christ's ser- 
vants, and with our hearts filled with 
recognition and gratitude, we greet 
you in the Name that is above all other 

In the name of the Women Mision- 
ary Society, 

Mrs. Nelly Rivero, president and 
Mrs. Norma Ferreri, Secretary 

President's Pen (continued) 
the missionaries that appear in the 
Prayer and Praise at this time. There 
are many things you can do. If any of 
you have tried something special to 
make your society more aware of our 
missionaries, please write and let me 
know, so the information can be shared. 
When I visited India in 1987, I was 
so impressed with the boys' orphanage. 
But as I traveled around with the 

Kumars, I saw a need to help the 
young girls as well. There was a real 
need for the girls' orphanage. Now, 
with our National Project for 1992-93, 
this home has become a reality. Let's 
make the project offering for this year 
in 1993 the largest ever. 

Shirley Black 

Ik 'Editor's hdma 

Dear Friend, 

What joy it was to read the letters 
from Marilyn and Nelly. The faith of 
the WMS and the Missionary Board in 
1962 to receive offerings for the na- 
tional project — to buy the Camp Eden 
in Argentina — has borne fruit. I hope 
you are excited about this report. And 
then re-read Marilyn's letter for the 
report of the Women's Conference at 
this site. You were there! 

The Aspinalls are concluding their 
years of ministry in Argentina this 
year. They are depending on our 
prayers for their guidance in decisions 
which they make. 

Tim and Jan Eagle and Todd and 
Tracy Ruggles leave January 14 to 
begin intensive language training Jan- 
uary 18. Keep them in your prayers. 

When I was a child in Waterloo, the 
Sunday School superintendent in the 
Primary Department gave us name 
verses. These were verses which she 
wrote in the front of our Bibles that 
began with the initials of our first and 
last names. I don't remember that the 
name verses came at a certain 
birthday, but I have special thoughts 
of mine at birthday time. This year the 
President's Inauguration occurs near 
my birthday and again this year we 
need to pray intensely for the Presi- 
dent and his Cabinet. 

My name verse which began with R 
is this: "Righteousness exalteth a na- 
tion, but sin is a reproach to any 
people", Proverbs 14:34. In order for 
the course of events in this country to 
change, the Christians will need to 
stand for God's commandments, the 
Biblical truths which many know but 
few practice. One lady expressed the 
silent minority like this, "The greatest 
danger for those of us trying to bring 
about change is to be afraid to speak 

The new year is an appropriate time 
to rekindle your love for the Lord and 
seek to bring about a change in your 
Jerusalem. Be my prayer partner. 

Your friend, 

Woman's Outlook Newsletter 

Ashland Theological Seminary 

Enlarging the Vision of Ministry 

By Dr. Frederick J. Finks, Vice President 

MINISTRY through Ashland 
Theological Seminary has def- 
initely broadened my vision of the 
work of the Lord. So often one can 
develop tunnel vision to the point that 
ministry becomes a narrowly defined 
field of one's own experience. But in- 
teraction with a larger community of 
believers allows one to see various 
avenues of ministry and stretches one 
to enlarge one's own vision. 

It is easy to define the structure of 
an organization. A line chart can be 
drawn to describe who reports to 
whom and who is responsible for 
what. But describing a living organism 
is much more difficult. It involves the 
intersection and interaction of people 
— people who care about one another 
and who carry deep commitments to 
their areas of responsibility, seeing 
them as more than jobs, but as a mis- 
sion to which they wholeheartedly 
give of themselves. That is the charac- 
ter of Ashland Theological Seminary. 

Our story is told through the lives of 
the Brethren men and women who 
serve here. My story is only one of 
many. Mine is a multidimensional 
story because of the complexity and 
challenges that I face each day. It is 

one of ministry, a call so deeply im- 
planted within me that I find it difficult 
to conceive of doing anything else. My 
life is enriched by the daily oppor- 
tunities of worship, prayer, praise, fel- 
lowship, and community that I ex- 
perience at Ashland Seminary. 

Our seminary is no ordinary place. It 
is extraordinary because of the people 
who choose to be here. Faculty mem- 
bers are faithful to their calling. Their 
commitment is a constant encourage- 
ment. Together we have learned to de- 
pend upon one another, like links in a 
chain. We pray for one another, daily 
interacting beyond the surface level, as 
Paul described, "rejoicing with those 
who rejoice and weeping with those 
who weep." 

Ashland Seminary really is some- 
place special, where faith and life inter- 
twine and where vision is enlarged. [|] 

very fulfilling. I am 
doing what God called 
me to do. I am teaching 
persons who want to 
learn. I experience con- 
genial Christian commu- 
nity and get paid for it. 

God's call came early 
in my life. I managed, 
however, to resist that 
call for twelve years. It 
was a call to join the 
eternal God in a redeem- 
ing ministry. It was a call 
to equip persons for min- 
istry. I've seen persons 
that I wouldn't have 
called, but God saw what 
they could become. It's 
wonderful to see the transforming 
power of God at work in an in- 
dividual. It's wonderful to see per- 
sons mature and grow into ministry. 

The seminary is a giant classroom 
where Greek, Hebrew, theology, mis- 
sion, history, homiletics, administra- 
tion, education, and pastoral care are 
taught. The seminary is also where a 

person can grow spiritually through 

regular spiritual growth groups. The 

seminary is a community where the 

eternal God is worshiped and we 

bear one another's burdens. The 

seminary is a place of prayer. 

I find teaching at ATS very fulfilling. 

Dr. Richard Allison, 

Director of Doctoral Studies 

January 1993 


Ashland Theological Seminary 

WHEN I BEGAN my doctoral studies in educational 
leadership, I never dreamed I would eventually teach 
and become academic dean at Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary. Delbert Flora, however, confirmed for me God's call 
to this position on the day of the interview in a delightful 
encounter we had in chapel. God does work in strange and 
mysterious ways to accomplish His will! 

At first, I felt I had been removed from the important 
front-line work in the church to the sidelines of teaching. 
After a few months with seminary students, however, I real- 
ized that I was really equipping others to do the work of 
ministry in the local church. I had replaced myself in the 
local church setting with countless others who were called 
to minister in a variety of denominations. 

The excitement in teaching in this seminary is seeing the 
many changes that take place in students' lives during this 
educational and spiritual journey. They study, learn, pray, 
and minister to others in ways I never dreamed possible, and 
for that I praise God. The local church is the beneficiary of 
all that takes place at Ashland Theological Seminary. 

Teaching is fun, but involvement in administration is the 
joy of my life. It calls forth every spiritual gift I have been 
given. I view administration as the ultimate servant role, and 
I am challenged every day to find new ways of smoothing 
the academic path for staff, students, and faculty. 

Thanks be to God for granting me this opportunity 
to serve Him. 

Dr. Mary Ellen Drushal, Academic Dean 

DAVID CHANCEY tells the story of two classmates who 
met on campus during homecoming after having not seen 
each other for many years. Their conversation went like this: 

The first lady said, "I've gotten married since we last met." 

The second lady replied, "Oh, that's good!" 

The first responded, "Well, I don't know. He's twice my age." 

The second replied, "Oh, that's bad." 

The first responded, "Yes, except that he's a millionaire." 

The second replied, "Oh, that's good!" 

The first said, "Yes, except he won't give me a cent." 

The second answered, "Oh, that's bad." 

The first said, "Well, I don't know about that. He did build 
me a $200,000 house." 

The second responded, "Oh, that's good." 

The first said, "Well, I don't know about that. It burned down 
last week." 

The second responded, "Oh, that's bad." 

To which the first lady said, "Oh, I don't know. He was in 

Just like being married to the rich man, teaching at Ashland 
Theological Seminary is not a perfect situation. There are the 
trips to Cleveland, Columbus, and Detroit; the piles of papers 
to grade; the writing assignments (like this one); and the few 
students who could stand to be a bit more motivated. 

But of course no job is perfect, and I knew that when I ac- 
cepted this position. Furthermore, I can't think of anything I'd 
rather do. Ashland Theological Seminary is an exciting place at 
which to be. The faculty members are among the finest people 
I have met and a joy to work with. The students are eager to 
learn and dedicated to their calls to ministry. It is indeed a 
challenge and a humbling experience to have an opportunity to 

impact the leadership of the church for many years 
to come. 

My goals are that students would leave my 
classes with greater skills/understanding in preach- 
ing, with an ability to assist individuals with the 
problems that arise in life, and with a keen sense 
of their personal strengths and the ways they affect 
others. If students can successfully accomplish 
these goals, the church will continue to grow, and 
we all will be "richer" in Christ. 

Dr. John Shultz, 
Professor of Pastoral Counseling 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Ashland Theological Seminary 

was a pastor of a medium- 
sized congregation in Suburban 
Village, U.S. He served for many 
years, was very faithful to his min- 
istry, and was loved by his parish- 
ioners. Unfortunately, due to health 
problems, this pastor had to an- 
nounce his retirement after a num- 
ber of years of service. The con- 
gregation looked for a replacement. 
They needed pastoral leadership. 
Could they find anyone? 

This is basically what Ashland 
Theological Seminary is all about. 
In each generation God calls per- 
sons to proclaim His gospel. We on 
the seminary staff have the distinct 
privilege of guiding many of those 
people in their training, so that they 
can take their places in the ongoing 
progression of those who have min- 
istered and then have moved on. 

Affecting the lives of those who 
have committed themselves to min- 
istry is a sacred trust from God. We 
who attempt to teach and to train 
realize the implications of the words 
"privilege" and "sacred trust." We 
rejoice in the opportunity to assist 
in the development of those who 
would seek to minister in congrega- 
tions throughout the world! 

Rev. Bradley Weidenhamer, 
Seminary Librarian 

ways having to leave friends 
and work in South Africa, we felt 
that it was God's call on our lives to 
serve him in Ashland. He has blessed 
us by providing contacts even in 
northeastern Ohio with several stu- 
dents from southern Africa, as well 
as from numerous other countries. 
That is one of the privileges of 
teaching at ATS — the mission field 
comes to our very door. 

It also is good that the administra- 
tion is seeing that teaching, while 
the key ministry of a seminary, is 
aided by academic research and 
writing and by attending confer- 
ences and meeting with colleagues 
from around the world. This is yet 
another way by which the seminary 
community can reach out in ministry 
beyond its four walls into areas of 
the church where we cannot be 
physically present. With the quality 
of gifted colleagues with whom I am 
privileged to work, I trust that these 
opportunities might multiply, for the 

glory of God and the furtherance of 
His kingdom. 

Dr. David W. Baker, Professor of 
Old Testament and Semitic Languages 

AS the newest faculty member at 
Ashland Theological Seminary, 
I am excited about being a part of a 
community that values both the aca- 
demic and spiritual development of 
students (and faculty!). This is im- 
portant to me, for having earned my 
doctorate at a seminary that empha- 
sized academic excellence, I wit- 
nessed first hand the spiritual dryness 
that can accompany such an emphasis. 
The Ashland Theological Seminary 

community seeks to 
model a reasoned 
faith. The goal of 
such a faith is to 
prepare students for 
the challenge of min- 
istry in the modern 
world, but also to 
instill in them the 
necessity of a growing 
relationship with God 
and concern for one's 

Though it may 
seem that I am no 
longer in "pastoral 
ministry," in truth I 
still am. I continue to minister to 
men and women who are part of 
Christ's body. But just as important, 
these students are the present and 
future leaders of our church. They 
will extend the pastoral ministry 
they have seen modeled in the sem- 
inary community into hundreds 
and thousands of churches across 
America and around the world. 

Dr. Dale R. Stoffer, Assistant 
Professor of Historical Theology 

January 1993 


Ashland Theological Seminary 

WHAT DOES TEACHING at Ashland Seminary mean to me? It 
is the call of God upon my life. When I finished my seminary 
studies, I planned to be a pastor the rest of my days. But God led me 
into the specialized ministry of teaching at the graduate level. I have 
never left "the ministry." I am doing what my Maker created me to do, 
and thus — no matter how hard or tiring it can sometimes be — it is 
right. It is one way of glorifying God with my life. 

How does my work benefit the church? It multiplies my ministry. In 
twenty years of teaching I have been in contact with hundreds of 
students who entered Christian service of all kinds — pastors, mis- 
sionaries, evangelists, counselors, professors, and church workers of 
every description. I thank God for the privilege of a far-flung ministry 
through them. 

How does my work shape the lives of students? There is more to 
seminary teaching than what happens in the classroom. There are op- 
portunities to counsel students and sometimes to pastor them. There 
are challenges to speak in chapel and participate weekly in spiritual 
formation groups. There are faculty prayer meetings which are more 
frequent than committee meetings. There are opportunities for mentor- 
ing individuals in person as well as by letters and telephone calls. 

Ashland Seminary is a place of worship, study, fellowship, bonding, 
and equipping for students who come. For us who are called to its 
faculty, it is also a place of prayer, joyful labor, and growth in 
Christlikeness. I would almost pay to work there! 

Dr. Jerry Flora, Professor of New Testament Theology 

ATS is the continuous inspiration brought into my life by 
the student leaders with whom I am privileged to work. The 
excellence, diligence, commitment, sacrifice, and creativity 
which the students demonstrate in their service to Jesus Christ 
keep me humbled and encouraged. In spite of all the negative 
news in the media, I can see the mighty hand of God at work 
in the world through these students — and I am encouraged. 

The faculty at the seminary keep me challenged and growing 
by the witness of their lives. To the extent that I am a better 
person and a more capable leader today than I was six years 
ago, my colleagues can take much of the credit. It is also ap- 
parent to me that God has done a unique (even miraculous) 
work here at ATS in helping people of great diversity work 
constructively together so that all may grow to the glory of God 
and the furtherance of His kingdom. Faculty, staff, and students 
help encourage personal and professional growth better here 
than in any other setting I have ever seen. 

My work at the seminary has given me a chance to help 
make this world a little better place. I believe my course in 
"Communication and Conflict Resolution" is making an es- 
pecially timely contribution to the health of the church. An 
ongoing pattern of successful conflict management substantial- 
ly influences the potential for church growth. Involvement in 
the CALM (Church Administration for Leadership and Man- 
agement) program with Jerry Flora and Mary Ellen Drushal 
and in various other leadership development activities (Sum- 
mer Crusaders, Seminary for a Day, Men of Mission, Brethren 
conferences, Southwest Pastoral Counseling Program) have al- 
lowed me to serve the church as a resource. 

I believe that God has given each person a variety of gifts, 

talents, abilities, and experiences. Helping students 
become aware of these riches within them and help- 
ing them believe they can make a difference for 
Jesus Christ in this day has been a continuing goal. 
I am seeing fruit in their lives. Working at ATS has 
presented opportunities beyond measure. Surely I 
am one of the richest people who ever lived. 

Dr. Douglas Little, 
Associate Professor of Psychology 


The Brethren Evangelist 



View of the Sarasota First Brethren Church buildings following construction and 
remodeling. Vanator Hall is at the left of the picture and the Education Building extends 
to the right. The sanctuary building, barely visible, is to the left of Vanator Hall. 

Sarasota First Brethren Church Dedicates 
New Addition and Remodeled Buildings 

Sarasota, Fla. — The Sarasota First 
Brethren Church held a day of dedica- 
tion on Sunday, December 6, to cele- 
brate the completion of a building and 
remodeling project. 

This project became necessary when 
a fire on August 27, 1990, in Vanator 
Hall damaged a storage closet and the 
surrounding area and did extensive 
smoke damage to the remainder of the 
building. Following this fire, after much 
prayer and discussion, the congregation 
voted not only to renovate and remodel 
Vanator Hall, but also to remodel the 
Education Building and to construct an 
addition to join the two free-standing 

buildings. Ground was broken for the 
project on October 6, 1991. 

The Dedication Sunday celebration 
began with the morning worship serv- 
ice, during which Chaplain Eugene 
Beekley, a charter and current member 
of the congregation, gave the message, 
speaking on "Challenge and Oppor- 
tunity." Also during this service Dr. J.D. 
Hamel, pastor of the Sarasota Church 
from 1960 to 1988 and now Pastor Emer- 
itus, shared "retrospective remarks" 
and offered a prayer of thanksgiving for 
memorials and special gifts. 

The worship service was followed by 
a fellowship meal in Vanator Hall, 

which had been transformed by the 
remodeling process from a com- 
bination classroom building and 
meeting area into one large fellow- 
ship hall with a spacious kitchen. 
Mark Ray, Director of Ministries 
Youth for the church, offered a prayer 
of celebration before the meal. 

During the afternoon dedication 
service, Rev. Daniel Gray, pastor of 
the congregation, shared remarks 
and led the litany of dedication. Mr. 
Ray gave the invocation and pre- 
sented special music; Dr. Hamel of- 
fered a prayer of thanksgiving; and 
Chaplain Beekley gave the prayer 
of dedication. 

The celebration concluded with a 
Threefold Communion service in 
Vanator Hall, led by Pastor Gray 
and Mary Ray. This brought the 
church full circle, for the last serv- 
ice to be held in the Education 
Building before the renovation began 
was Communion. The church was un- 
able to hold a full Communion service 
during the year of rebuilding. 

The contractor for the shell of the 
building was Construction Coordina- 
tors. Progressive Solutions Phil Wilson 
was the contractor for the completion of 
the interior. Members of the building 
committee were Tate Gabbert (chair), 
Wade and Betty Renneker, Bea Funk- 
houser, Willis Miller, Eugene Robbins, 
Leo Elliott, and Pastor Dan Gray. 

Total cost of the project has not yet 
been determined, but is expected to be 
in the area of $350,000 to $400,000. 

Park Street Youth Groups Host 
Children's Christmas Parties 

Ashland, Ohio — The junior and senior 
high youth of the Park Street Brethren 
church hosted Christmas parties on 
Saturday, December 12, for 50 children 
in kindergarten through sixth grade. 

The senior high youth hosted the fifth 
and sixth graders. Activities included 
making and painting dough ornaments, 
a JELL-O slurping contest, a Life Saver 
face smear, making ice cream floats, 
other games, and a Christmas devotional. 

Senior high hosts were Sara Ditlev- 
son, Sharon Sparks, Susan Holmes, Lena 
Kramer, Keith Pepsny, Emery Weaver, 
Megan Shultz, Leigh Icenhour, and 
Christy Van Duyne, with Ginny Hoyt as 
the assisting advisor. 

The junior high youth hosted the 
children in kindergarten through the 
fourth grade. Activities included "name 
that Christmas carol," a funny clothes 

January 1993 

The younger children enjoying the funny clothes relay. Photo by Emery Weaver 

relay, golf ball bowling, and (for the 
younger children) watching A Charlie 
Brown Christmas. The junior high 
youth also led a devotional and helped 
the children with crafts, planned by 
Erica Weidenhamer and Barbie Martin 
of the Park Street Preschool. 

The junior high hosts were Jim Cun- 
ningham, Marianne Hoyt, Brian Ronk, 

Mindy Waters, Jim Sparks, Emily 
Baker, David Pepsny, Emily Cooksey, 
Debbie Stoffer, Mindy Van Duyne, and 
Sara Sears, with John Gilmer and 
Youth Pastor Dave Hoyt assisting. 

According to Pastor Hoyt, an attempt 
is being made to plan activities for the 
youth that develop leadership and pro- 
vide opportunities for service. 



St. James Church Focuses on Ordinary People 
On "Mission Expo Sunday" Held November 1 

St. James, Md. — "God Uses Ordinary 
People" was the theme of "Mission Expo 
Sunday" held November 1 at the St. 
James Brethren Church. 

"Mission Expo Sunday" began with a 
missions emphasis in Sunday school 
and during the morning worship serv- 
ices, continued with an international 
meal at noon and a display of missions 
booths, and concluded with a mission 
challenge in the afternoon. It also fea- 
tured a "Missions Expo Posters" contest 
for the children of the congregation. 

Rev. Mark Logan, who served as a 
Brethren missionary in both Argentina 
and Colombia, was the speaker at both 
the 8:15 a.m. and 10:30 a.m. worship 
services. Then during the Sunday school 
hour he and his wife, Chantal, spoke to 
some of the adults about missionary in- 
volvement, while their three children — 
Rebecca, John Mark, and Lawrence 
("Lorenzo"!) — spoke to the children's 
classes. Doug Culler of the St. James 
congregation, who recently served as a 
short-term missionary in Papua New 
Guinea, also spoke to some of the adults 
during the Sunday school hour. 

Following these services, participants 
reveled in a unique international meal 
provided by the various Sunday school 
classes. These classes had erected 
booths representing the various 
countries where Brethren missionaries 
serve, as well as booths for Papua New 
Guinea (where Doug Culler served) and 

Brazil (where David Irving, a friend of 
the congregation, serves). 

Class members had researched the 
culture and lifestyle of the peoples in 
these various countries and presented a 
flavor of these lands by means of dis- 
plays. The meal featured foods repre- 
sentative of the various countries, in- 
cluding: banana fritters from Peru, car- 
rot halva salad from India, carbonado, 
criolla from Argentina, paella valen- 
ciana from Peru, rice pilaf from Malay- 

sia, Paraguan corn bread, coffee mousse 
from Colombia, coffee from Papua New 
Guinea (the real stuff), and more fa- 
miliar, taco salad from Mexico. 

Following the meal those in attend- 
ance browsed the displays, then heard a 
concluding challenge by Chantal Logan 
on the topic, "God Can use You!" The 
adult choir also sang for this service. 

"Missions Expo Sunday" was spon- 
sored by the Outreach Ministry of the 
St. James Church and was coordinated 
by Amanda Moore and Lindin Easter- 
day, with many individuals in the Sun- 
day school classes helping with the 

—reported by Pastor Brian Moore 

Ann Nave stands at the Colombian booth, one of several booths, representing all 
Brethren mission fields, set up by the Sunday school classes of the St. James Church. 

Bethlehem Church Builds Ramp 
For Handicapped Worshipers 

Harrisonburg, Va. — Inspired by an 
article in the Evangelist by Bonnie 
Munson on making the church building 
accessible to handicapped worshipers, 
("For Lack of a Ramp!" November 1991, 
pp. 5-6), people of the Bethlehem Breth- 
ren Church built a ramp at the entrance 
to their building this past summer. 

Cost of materials for the ramp and a 
deck at the entrance of the church build- 
ing was approximately $700. The work 
was done by the church people them- 
selves. The hours spent by the different 
groups of workers provided opportuni- 
ties for fellowship as well as a chance to 
learn to know and appreciate the knowl- 
edge and gifts of one another. 

The ramp and deck were dedicated on 
Sunday, August 23, with Michelle Craver, 
a student at James Madison University 
(and daughter of Brethren Pastor Rich- 


Having cut the ribbon to officially open the ramp, Michelle Craver takes a test run, 
while Pastor Pat Velanzon invites others to give it a try. Photo by Pam Reese. 

ard and Maxine Craver) cutting the rib- 
bon to officially open them for use. The 
day was special for another reason, for 
the dedication followed a worship service 

in which three persons were baptized. 

The church now plans to add a hand- 
icapped parking area by the ramp. 

— reported by Kathy Velanzon 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 

God Gives Us All Things to Enjoy and Care For 

What does it mean to own something or to have something belong to you? 

Last summer I planted some flowers in front of my apartment. I pulled the weeds, 
got the soil ready, and planted my little garden. It was a lot of fun. Then I asked the 
neighbors on each side of me if they would like me to plant a garden for them too. I had 
plenty of flowers left, and I knew that they never planted a garden. 

It was fun working together. Oh, I bought the flowers, I pulled the weeds, I bought 
the topsoil, and I dug the holes and planted the flowers in them. But it did become a 
neighborhood project. Children came from other apartments each day and carefully 
poured a few drops of water on each flower and enjoyed their beauty. Even grown-ups 
made helpful suggestions. But I still did the real work. Each day I made sure that each 
flower had enough water, that its roots were covered with soil, etc. But even though they 
were "my" flowers, they belonged to all of us. 

One day I heard some yelling outside my window. I looked out and saw two children 
arguing. One was standing in the middle of the flower garden. The other was telling her 
that she must not stand there or she would hurt the flowers. Soon the argument centered 
on just whose flowers they were. After all, if they belonged to the girl standing in the 
middle of them, she could do whatever she wanted to do with them. 

I stepped outside, laughing to myself over the silly things people fight about. I settled 
the argument. I told them that the flowers belonged to all of us to enjoy and, if they 
wanted, to help care for. But when it came to whether or not they were allowed to destroy 
them, they must remember that I had paid for the flowers and had done most of the work. 
In that sense they were my flowers. I was simply sharing them with everyone so that all 
who wanted to do so could enjoy them and help care for them. 

Well, that settled that! In the following weeks not one person, child or adult, ever put 
another drop of water on even one flower. I thought to myself, "How silly it is that when 
people say 'mine' they mean two things: first and rightly, mine to enjoy, nurture, and 
receive pleasure from; secondly, mine to destroy, ruin, ignore, and abandon." 

Now here's a learning activity for both children and adults. Take your Bible and read 
Genesis chapters 1-3. These chapters tell us that God created everything that exists. 
Go through these chapters and make a list of each thing God made. Genesis 1 :28-30 and 
2:4-7, 15 tell us that God gave people the right and the responsibility to take care of all 
these things. He didn't give us these things to abuse, but to enjoy and to care for. Now 
take your list and write down one thing you can do to take care of each item on the list. 

Some of the things I 
found in these verses are 
listed at the right. Find 
them in the puzzle. You 
can also add these 
things to your list. But 
remember to find a way 
to take care of whatever 
God has shared with us. 

Light Other people 

Air Animals 

Time Plants 

Food Choices 

Water Leadership 








January 1993 



Sarver Brethren Church Welcomes 
Arthur Tinkel, Jr., as Interim Pastor 

Sarver, Pa. — Members and friends 
of the Sarver Brethren Church wel- 
comed Rev. Arthur Tinkel, Jr., to 
the church on October 18 to serve as 
their interim pastor. 

Rev. Tinkel and his wife, Dorothy 
Rose, came to Sarver from Interces- 
sion City, Fla., where they have 
lived for 13 years following retire- 
ment for health reasons. During 
their years in Florida, Rev. Tinkel 
served shortly as interim pastor for 
the Town and Country Brethren 
Church of Tampa and was also in- 
volved in several Bible classes. 

Because of the shortage of pastors 
in The Brethren Church and the 
ever nearing return of Christ, and 
after much prayer, Rev. Tinkel let it 
be known that he desired to serve 
again as an interim pastor wherever 
the Lord might lead. When asked 
why they came to Sarver, Pastor 
Tinkel replied, "We didn't want to come 
north to the cold weather, but also felt 
the Lord leading us to Sarver. We only 
want to be where God wants us. Any 
sacrifice is worth being able to help the 

Rev. and Mrs. Arthur Tinkel, Jr., (I.) with 
Sarver Moderator and Mrs. Richard Callen 
(r. front) and Mr. and Mrs. Chester McAfoose. 

people at Sarver and furthering God's 

Pastor Tinkel believes that the role of 
an interim pastor is to help mend, build, 
and unite the congregation until a full- 

Pleasant View Brethren Decide 
To Do Something About Litter 

Vandergrift, Pa. — We've all heard 
complaints about the trash that litters 
the sides of the highways in our coun- 
try, but members of the Pleasant View 
Brethren Church decided to do some- 
thing about the trash — particularly 
along the stretch of highway that leads 
to their church building. 

Moderator Jim McGraw contacted the 
Pennsylvania Department of Transpor- 
tation to inquire whether the Pleasant 
View Brethren could "adopt" part of 
State Route 66, which is the only way to 
reach the church. As a result, a 3-mile 
section of the highway was awarded to 
the church. Members of the congrega- 
tion cleaned up litter four times be- 
tween April and the end of October. 

It's reported that the Pleasant View 
Brethren had fun doing this community 
service project. People driving by would 
honk their horns or yell words of en- 
couragement. One grateful lady even 
gave a donation to purchase soft drinks 
for all those working. The workers col- 
lected 135 bags of garbage, enough auto 
parts to build a car, and a $10 bill that 
was found in the weeds (to the benefit of 
the Mission Board). 

Pastor Keith Hensley (I.) and Moderator 
Jim McGraw by one of the highway signs. 

The Pleasant View Brethren encour- 
age other congregations to get involved 
in this kind of project. It's great pub- 
licity for your church, it brings members 
together in a common task, and it meets 
a need in the community. 

— reported by Nancy McGraw 

time pastor is found. He and Dorothy 
Rose pray that the Lord will use them 
in this way at Sarver. 

"We appreciate the sacrifices of Pas- 
tor Art and Dorothy Rose because of 
their move to Sarver," said reporter 
Marsha Nulph. "We thank them and 
praise the Lord for their deep love for 
Him and His people. Please pray along 
with us that God will grant them health 
and strength to stay here as long as they 
are needed. What a beautiful example 
of servitude they are for all the Brethren." 
— reported by Marsha Nulph 

William Benz Named 
As New AU President 

Ashland, Ohio — Dr. G. William Benz, 
special assistant to the president and 
former provost at Ohio Wesleyan Uni- 
has been 
named the 
new pres- 
ident of 

The ef- 
fective date 
of his ap- 
will be 

Dr. Benz 
served as 
provost and 
chief academic officer at Ohio Wesleyan 
from 1986 to 1992. Since September he 
has served as special assistant to the 
president, focusing on long-range plan- 
ning and fund-raising. 

Before joining Ohio Wesleyan, he 
served from 1983 to 1986 as vice presi- 
dent for academic affairs/academic dean 
for Defiance College. In that position he 
was responsible for all academic 
programming, curriculum, and budget. 
Prior to 1983 he served as assistant 
dean and adjunct professor of interna- 
tional studies at the University of Den- 
ver's Graduate School of International 
Studies, and he taught at Whitworth 
College in Spokane, Wash., and at Lake 
Forest College in Lake Forest, 111. 

Dr. Benz received his Ph.D. degree in 
international relations from Tufts 
University's Fletcher School of Law and 
Diplomacy in 1970. 

Dr. Benz and his wife, Geraladine, are 
active members of a Presbyterian Church 
in Delaware, Ohio, where they current- 
ly live, and Dr. Benz is a local church 
elder there. They are the parents of four 

Dr. G. William Benz 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Brethren Grieve Over the Deaths of 
Three Members of Pastoral Family 

Ashland, Ohio — Brethren across the 
denomination were grieved to learn of 
the tragic deaths of Mrs. Anna V. 
Nevins (68), Mrs. Janice L. Nevins 
(41), and Jonathan T. Nevins (11)— 
mother, wife, and son respectively of 
Rev. Archie Nevins, pastor of Northview 
Brethren Life Church, the Brethren 
Home Mission Church in Springboro, 

The three were killed in a vehicle 
accident that occurred Monday night, 
December 14, at the intersection of In- 
terstates 70 and 675, northeast of 

Dayton, Ohio. The family van in which 
they were riding hit a low cement bar- 
rier at the exit, went out of control, and 
plunged into a small, man-made lake by 
the side of the exit. Rev. Nevins and his 
daughter Betsy (10), who were also in 
the van, were able to get out of the 
vehicle before it sank in 15 feet of icy 
water. Another son, Adam (16), was not 
with the family at the time. 

Janice and Jonathan were both mem- 
bers of the Northview Brethren Life 
Church. Mrs. Anna Nevins lived in Mar- 
tinsburg, Pa. 

In Memory 

Margaret E. Lowery, 82, Brethren Home Mis- 
sionary who served for more than 35 years in 
Krypton, Kentucky, as director of the Krypton 

Bible Center, 
died Decem- 
ber 5 at the 
Colton Villa 
Home, where 
she had been 
living since 
her retirement 
in 1990. 

Born Jan- 
uary 30, 1910, 
in Washing- 
ton County, 
Md., she 
joined the St. 
James Breth- 
ren Church at 
the age of 1 2. She was a 1928 graduate of Hagers- 
town High School and a 1930 graduate of Tow- 
son State Normal School. She taught in the public 
schools of Washington County for 14 years while 
continuing her education at Western Maryland 
College, Madison College (B.S. degree in 
elementary ed. in 1939), and Duke University 
(graduate studies). In 1943 she entered the 
Washington County Hospital School of Nursing 
and became a registered nurse in 1947. 

During those years she was very active in the 
St. James Brethren Church and in The Brethren 
Church at the district and denominational level. 
She was also involved in community activities. 
Believing that she was called to mission serv- 
ice, she moved to Ashland, Ohio, to do mission 
studies at Ashland College and Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary. While in Ashland she worked 
as both nurse and nursing instructor at Samaritan 

Upon completion of her mission studies in 
1953, she began mission service in eastern Ken- 
tucky. While the main thrust of her work was in 
youth development through Sunday schools, 
VBS, camping, 4-H, and scouting, she served the 
people literally from birth to burial. She nursed 
the sick, took over household duties for families 
with illness or bereavement, distributed food and 
clothing to the needy, and served as a Christian 

January 1993 

counselor and friend to the mountain community. 

During her years of service she received num- 
erous awards and honors. The Blue Grass Coun- 
cil of Boy Scouts of America, representing 53 
Kentucky counties, presented her the Silver 
Beaver Award for outstanding volunteer service 
to scouting. The Chamber of Commerce of 
Hazard and Perry Counties along with several 
civic organizations named her their 1 984 Woman 
of the Year. She was recognized as the Outstand- 
ing Senior Citizen of The Brethren Church in 
1977. And she was awarded the Towson State 
University Distinguished Alumni Award and the 
National 4-H Alumni Key Award. 

The funeral service for Margaret was held 
December 9 at the St. James Brethren Church, 
with Rev. Brian Moore, pastor of the St. James 
Church, and Rev. James Sluss, a former associate 
of Margaret in Krypton, officiating. The grave- 
side service was by Rev. Moore, Rev. Sluss, and 
Rev. James R. Black, Executive Director of the 
Missionary Board of the Brethren Church. 

A memorial has been established in Miss 
Lowery's name for the training of future mis- 
sionaries. Contributions my be sent to the Mis- 
sionary Board of the Brethren Church. 

Miss Leona M. Real, 8 1 , December 1 6. Long- 
time member of the Millcdgeville Brethren 
Church, where she was financial secretary for 
many years, served on various committees, and 
was a member of the Woman's Missionary 
Society. Services by Pastor Kenneth Sullivan. 
Lula Copp, 83, December 14. Longtime mem- 
ber of the Maurertown Brethren Church and the 
Woman's Missionary Society. Services by Rev. 
Wendell Shurtz and Pastor Richard Craver. 
Grace Weidenhamer, 84, December 4. 
Longtime member and deaconess at the Ashland 
Park Street Brethren Church, where she had also 
served as superintendent of the Sunday school 
junior department. Services by Pastor Arden Gil- 
mer and Dr. J. Ray Klingcnsmith. Mrs. Weiden- 
hamer was the mother of Brethren elder Rev. 
Bradley Weidenhamer (Ashland Theological 
Seminary librarian). 

Edna Kerr, 103, November 30. Member of the 
Ashland Park Street Brethren Church. Services 
by Pastor Arden Gilmer. 

Chester More, 88, November 28. Member for 
13 years of the South Bend First Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor Larry R. Baker. 

Services for the three were held Fri- 
day, December 18, at the Christian 
Church in Springboro, with Rev. Robert 
Westfall, pastor of the Pleasant Hill, 
Ohio, First Brethren Church, officiat- 
ing. The church was full to overflowing 
with friends of the Nevins family, in- 
cluding members and friends from the 
Northview Brethren Life Church, peo- 
ple from other Brethren churches in the 
area, most of the Ohio Brethren pastors, 
many of the Brethren pastors from In- 
diana, and several from other states. 

A second service was also held for 
Mrs. Anna Nevins in Pennsylvania on 
December 20. 

Memorial contributions, which will 
be used for funeral expenses, may be 
sent to the national Missionary Board. 

Galen Sluss, 87, November 27. Active member 
for many years of first the Louisville First Breth- 
ren Church and then of the Brethren Bible Church 
of Louisville. Services by Rev. Arthur Hess, 
relative of the deceased, and Rev. Jim Ray, pastor 
of the Louisville Brethren Bible Church. Mr. 
Sluss was the father of Brethren pastor Rev. 
James Sluss. 

Ralph Powers, 77, November 26. Member for 
54 years of the South Bend First Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor Larry R. Baker. 
Mrs. Jane E. Bevers, 62, November 1 8. Services 
by Rev. Paul Tinkel, pastor of the Milford First 
Brethren Church. Mrs. Bevers was the mother of 
Brethren elder Rev. Kenneth Madison (U.S. 
Army Chaplin). 


Rev. Herbert and Evelyn Gilmer, 55th, Feb- 
ruary 24. Members of the Center Chapel Brethren 
Church. (Address: 1 1 1 1/2 W. Columbia St., S. 
Whitley, IN 46787.) 

Arthur and Betty Carpenter, 50th, December 
20. Members of the Ardmore First Brethren 

Raymond and Wilda Knapp, 50th, May 30, 
1992. Members of the Millcdgeville Brethren 


Donelle Craft to Gregory Humbarger, Decem- 
ber 5, at the Flora First Brethren Church; Pastor 
Alvin Grumbling officiating. Bride a member of 
the Flora First Brethren Church. 
Phyllis Westafer to Harold Baker, November 
19, in Sarasota, Fla.; Rev. Dan Gray, pastor of 
the Sarasota First Brethren Church, officiating. 
Members of the North Manchester First Brethren 

Jean Marie Troup to Robert Scott Hartman, 
October 10, in McLean, Va. Bride a member of 
the Meadow Crest (Ft. Wayne, Ind.) Brethren 
Church and former assistant to the editor of the 

Membership Growth 

Vinco: 3 by baptism 

Oak Hill: 5 by baptism 

South Bend: 3 by baptism, 1 by transfer 





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New Sanctuary of the Gretna Brethren Church 

See page 16 

Developing a Global Vision 

Dead Right 

AFTER SUPPER, the host family 
and their guests moved to the 
living room. The conversation some- 
how turned to the excesses of cer- 
tain Pentecostals in South America. 

The group refuted these believ- 
ers' ideas that sickness denotes a 
lack of faith, or that God has to 
give you something if you "claim" 
it in faith. 

For awhile, everyone refuted off- 
center extravagances of these fel- 
low Christians. But then the con- 
versation paused, and one man said 
thoughtfully, "You know, I wonder 
if we're being too critical. I wonder 
if, in the Lord's eyes, it's better to 
make some mistakes out of enthu- 
siasm to serve Him, than it is to be 
dead in our orthodoxy." 

Correct doctrine; no zeal 

Another pause, and heads around 
the room slowly began to nod. Yes, 
we North American evangelicals 
may know our Bibles and profess 
orthodox beliefs, but we aren't al- 
ways known for our zeal. That is, 
we are correct in doctrine, but 
often we are cold in our practice of 
Christianity. Or to put it more 
bluntly, we are "dead right." 

We read Christianity Today and 
The Brethren Evangelist. We 
know how to use a concordance. 
We attend worship services and 
tithe. We fulfill all the externals. 

But somehow, for some reason, 
our spiritual fires burn low. Often 
our zeal runs on empty. Our faith 
becomes like an engine without 
gasoline, a computer without a hard 
drive, a flashlight without batteries. 

We can interpret a Scripture 
passage, give its historical context, 
and possibly even tell what it meant 
in the original Greek or Hebrew. 
But when it comes to radically ap- 
plying that text in our daily lives, 
that's another matter. 

We read books on prayer. We 
send out prayer letters. We go to 
prayer meetings. But as for actual- 
ly praying, well . . . (In contrast, 
many believers in the Third World 
think it normal to have regular all- 
night prayer vigils.) 

We receive evangelism training. 
We know the Four Spiritual Laws 
and Evangelism Explosion tech- 
niques. And, in our heads, we know 
the plan of salvation. But when it 
comes to sharing spiritual truth 
with a next-door neighbor, we find 
that hard or — worse — unimportant. 

We can debate and smugly reject 
the Jehovah's Witnesses and Mor- 
mons at our doorsteps. Then we 
cling to our right doctrine at home 
and leave the door-to-door witness 
to the sects. 

Weakening tradition? 

I thank God for our rich evangel- 
ical tradition in the United States 
and for the way He has used our 
country as a missionary sending 
base. But as any professional foot- 
ball coach will say, "You can't rest 
on your laurels." 

Probably more than we know, 
the evangelical church in the U.S. 
is being affected by an increasingly 
secular and materialistic society. 
The emphases on competition, com- 
fort, me-first, numbers, and build- 

ings influence even the church. 
Without even realizing it, we ac- 
commodate our faith to the pre- 
vailing culture. 

"Our faith becomes like 
an engine without 
gasoline, a computer 
without a hard drive, 
a flashlight without 
batteries. " 

Around the world, Christians 
still hold the North American 
church in general high esteem — 
especially believers in developing 
countries whose churches sprang 
from the tireless labors of pioneer 
U.S. missionaries. 

But that opinion may be chang- 
ing. "Next time, send us someone 
more spiritual," a Colombian pas- 
tor told a U.S. mission agency who 
sent a missionary lasting only one 

After the fall of Communism in 
Eastern Europe and the opening of 
doors to missionary outreach there, 
many U.S. agencies and workers 
poured in. Praise God for that. But 
there are rumblings that mission- 
aries from the U.S. aren't always 

One Latin theologian wrote re- 
cently that Latin American, not 
U.S., missionaries should go first 
to Eastern Europe. "It would be 
tragic," he wrote, "if the Marxist 
vacuum were filled with decadent 
Western religiosity." 

Reality check 

Maybe it's time that we all take 
a reality check — a spiritual "gut 
check," as it were. Are we merely 
hearers of the word, or are we also 
doers? Are we just going through 
the motions? Or do our hearts throb 
with a fresh, daily, and meaningful 
relationship with God? 

Instead of packing up for a guilt 
trip, let's pray for a fresh touch 
from God. After all, God wants us 
to burn hot for Him. And this zeal 
comes from Him: "For it is God 
who works in you to will and to act 
according to his good purpose," 
Paul wrote in Philippians. 

Instead of being "dead right," 
let's be dead serious about our 
relationship and service for Christ 
in 1993. [f] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Funderburg Library 


North Manchester, IN 45962 

February 1993 
Volume 115, Number 2 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


John Maust 

Children's Page 

Jackie Rhoades 

Editorial and 
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Published: Monthly (except 
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Member: Evangelical Press 

February 1993 


Are We Passing On the Promise? by Ronald W. Waters 4 

Second in a series of four articles on The Brethren Church's "Priorities 
for the Nineties." 

How Two Churches Became One by Ronald L. Waters 6 

The background and process of the merger of the Waterloo, Iowa, First 
Brethren Church with the City Church of the Brethren in Waterloo. 

A Significant Day in The Brethren Church 8 

by Richard C. Winfield 

The departure of four new Brethren missionaries for Mexico and the 
miraculous recovery of a seriously ill missionary candidate made Jan- 
uary 14, 1993, a day to remember. 

Power Struggles and the Pastor's Role in the Church 10 

by Larry R. Baker 

Many problems can be avoided if both the pastor and the congregation 

agree on what is expected of the pastor. 

Practicing Random Acts of Kindness by Victor M. Parachin 11 

Doing unexpected acts of goodness blesses both the recipient of those 
acts and the one who does them. 

News-Notes From Around the World 23 

A selection of significant events in the life of the church in other lands. 

Ministry Pages 

Brethren Church Ministries 

Having the Heart of the Lord by Ronald W. Waters 
Growing Pains by Brad Hardesty 

POtP — Bearing Fruit at Northgate by Roger Stogsdill 
Other POtP Fruit 



Developing a Global Vision 2 

by John Maust 

Update 16 

Children's Page 

by Jackie Rhoades 

From the Grape Vine 


Cover: Exterior and interior views of the new sanctuary of the Gretna Breth- 
ren Church, Bellefontaine, Ohio. The pictures were taken by Byron Scott, 
photographer for The Bellefontaine Examiner, and are used courtesy of that 

Answers to the Little Crusader page: 

1. hungry, eat. 

2. thirsty, drink. 

3. stranger, invited. 

4. clothes, clothed. 

5. sick, looked. 

6. prison, visit. 

R T K/'Y) 

l yft/j 

T/G/G B 
. I/L M C 

'}/& r y _j 

R sTHy) 


Arc We 
Passing On the Promise? 

Second in a series of four articles on The Brethren Church's 
"Priorities for the Nineties" — by Ronald W. Waters. 

Priority 2 — Sharing Our Faith 
(Passing On the Promise): to bur- 
den, stimulate, and equip persons to 
share the good news of Jesus Christ 
through both words and actions 
through local church implementation 
of the Passing On the Promise out- 
reach process, leading to Brethren 
people sharing their faith in a life- 
style of friendship evangelism. 

THE ONE TERM that strikes 
fear in the hearts of Christians 
and non-Christians alike is evan- 
gelism. Yet, Jesus charged the early 
believers (and us) with the task of 
spreading the Good News about 
salvation through Him. 

A Definition of Evangelism 

During the 1970s, the theology 
and the strategy working groups of 
the Lausanne Committee for World 
Evangelization were formulating a 
working definition for evangelism. 
John R. W. Stott, chair of the 
theology group, proposed this 

The nature of evangelization is the 
communication of the Good News. 

Rev. Waters is Director of Brethren 
Church Ministries. 

The denominational priorities being 
discussed is this series of articles were 
adopted by the 1992 General Conference. 

The purpose of evangelization is to 
give individuals a valid oppor- 
tunity to accept Jesus Christ. The 
goal of evangelization is the per- 
suading of men and women to 
accept Jesus Christ as Lord and 
Savior, and serve Him in the fel- 
lowship of His Church. 1 

This definition provides an excel- 
lent three-point outline for the 
process of evangelism. 

The nature of evangelism 

First, the nature of evangelism is 
to pass on a faith that has content 
— it is Good News about the living 
Word of God, our saving Lord, 
Jesus Christ (John 1:1-14). What 
we know about Jesus as the living 
Word, we find recorded in the writ- 
ten word, the Bible. 

From our earliest days in Ger- 
many in the 1700s, Brethren have 
placed a high premium on Jesus 
Christ as the center of faith. And 
we have believed that a faith worth 
having is a faith worth demonstrat- 
ing in daily living. Trust and obey, 
believing and doing, faith and 
faithfulness — all describe the two- 
pronged Brethren approach to the 
Christian faith/life. 

Early Brethren were staunch 

Quoted in Strategies for Church Growth 
by C. Peter Wagner, published by Regal 

defenders of their faith, both in 
speaking and in writing. And they 
believed that the living out of that 
faith was equally important to com- 
municating what they believed. 

The purpose of evangelism 

According to Stott's definition, 
the purpose of evangelism is "to 
give individuals a valid opportu- 
nity to accept Jesus Christ." Hear- 
ing the Good News is not enough; 
it must lead to an opportunity to 
respond to that message. 

Somewhere in history, we lost 
the emphasis on the verbal part of 
the proclamation. We came to 
believe that if we lived our faith in 
a consistent way, people would see 
a difference in our lives and be 
drawn to the faith. There is some 
truth in that assumption — our ac- 
tions speak volumes to not-yet- 
believers. But without words to ex- 
plain the reason for our way of 
living, they probably won't em- 
brace the faith solely by observing 
our lives. 

Brethren communicate the Good 
News through a combination of 
faith-filled actions which dem- 
onstrate the life of faith accom- 
panied by faith-filled words that 
explain its message. This does not 
mean you or I must become clones 
of Billy Graham. It does mean we 

The Brethren Evangelist 

should "be prepared to give an 
answer to anyone who asks you to 
give the reason for the hope that 
you have" (1 Peter 3:15). That 
"hope" may be expressed in a tes- 
timony of what Jesus means in my 
life along with a simple explana- 
tion of how one may come to 
saving faith in Him. 

The goal of evangelism 

Finally, the goal of evangelism 
"is the persuading of men and 
women to accept Jesus Christ as 
Lord and Savior, and serve Him in 
the fellowship of His Church." 

It is not enough to hear the Good 
News or even to have a valid op- 
portunity to respond. A person is 
not evangelized until two things 
happen: he/she (1) accepts Jesus 
Christ personally as saving Lord, 
and (2) is incorporated into a life 
of discipleship through a local 

In this article the terms "evan- 
gelism" and "evangelization" have 
been used interchangeably. In tech- 
nical usage, the latter term is re- 
placing the more familiar "evan- 
gelism" for very good reason. For 
too many, "evangelism" means 
simply sowing the seeds of faith — 
sharing the Good News with only 
limited concern about the results. 
"Evangelization" is an all-encom- 
passing term that sees evangelism 
as a process. That process begins 
where the not-yet-believer is and 
attempts to move that person to a 
saving faith in Jesus Christ. 

But evangelization does not stop 
there. The process continues 
through the rest of the new 
believer's life, helping that person 
become an authentic disciple of 
Christ and a responsible member 
of his church. 

Passing On the Promise 

In the late 1980s, the General 
Conference Evangelism Committee 
and its successor, the Evangelism 
& Church Growth Commission, 
searched for ways to stimulate 
local congregations and individuals 
to more effectively share their 
faith. That search resulted in dis- 

February 1993 

covery of Passing On the Promise 
(POtP), developed and imple- 
mented by the Church of the 
Brethren. The commission has 
recommended POtP for use by 
Brethren churches toward fulfill- 
ment of Priority 2. 

Passing On the Promise is a 36- 
month process through which per- 
sons and congregations discover 
new ways to share the gospel, 
work for growth, and deepen their 
own discipleship. Passing On the 
Promise encourages both in- 
dividuals and congregations to: 

• Reach out and care for the needs 
of persons; 

• Invite persons to discover Christ 
and the fellowship of the church; 

• Include persons more deeply in 
the life and ministry of the con- 

• Challenge believers to grow in 
Christian discipleship and faith- 
ful witness. 

Components of the process 

Passing On the Promise includes 
several components: 

1. An Evangelism Leaders 
Academy offered annually to 
equip pastors and lay leaders for 
more effective biblical evangelism. 
Other members of the local church 
are invited to attend as well. 

2. Evangelism discovery 
events during the first six months 
of the process help congregations 
gain a new vision for, and fresh 
perspective on, outreach and con- 
gregational growth. 

3. A friendship evangelism 
emphasis introduces persons to 
non-threatening ways they can 
give personal witness to their 

4. A congregational self-study, 
conducted early in the process, 
helps congregations uncover new 
possibilities for evangelism and 

5. Four Bible study/action 
units provide the basis for an 
annual growth workshop where 
needs are identified and action 
plans are developed. 

6. Mutual support and ac- 
countability are provided among 

participating congregations for 
networking and encouragement. 

Passing On the Promise is cer- 
tainly not the only way a church 
can be involved in evangelization. 
Several Brethren churches are 
showing steady growth — a possible 
indication of an effective outreach 
strategy. Very few Brethren 
churches, however, are having dra- 
matic growth. 

Often, even in growing churches, 
faith-sharing is done on a regular 
and intentional basis by perhaps 
only the pastor and a few others. 
The Passing On the Promise proc- 
ess is designed to expand on that 
outreach by giving a larger num- 
ber of persons in the congregation 
the tools and motivation to join in 
the task of being witnesses to their 

Unfortunately, the majority of 
our churches are remaining static 
or are declining in attendance and 
membership. This may indicate 
that the pastor and church mem- 
bers are not being intentional 
about evangelism or that the 
methods being used are ineffective. 
Passing On the Promise will help 
these churches receive a new 
vision for the mission of outreach 
and will equip them to become in- 
volved effectively in faith-sharing. 

This spring, many churches are 
declaring their commitment to par- 
ticipate in Passing On the Prom- 
ise. If your church has not already 
decided to participate, encourage 
your pastor, evangelism commit- 
tee, church board, and the con- 
gregation as a whole to make this 
commitment. Perhaps offering to 
serve in a leadership role for Pass- 
ing On the Promise will lead to an 
affirmative decision. 

And when Passing On the Prom- 
ise begins in your congregation, 
take an active part in the various 
training opportunities offered. You 
will learn how to more effectively 
share the Good News, and you will 
experience the joy of introducing 
not-yet-believers to saving faith in 
Jesus Christ. Soon you, too, will be 
able to say, "I'm Passing On the 
Promise." [f] 

An unexpected solution to persistent problems — 

How Two Churches 
Became One 

On January 3, 1993, the Waterloo, Iowa, First Brethren Church merged with the City 
Church of the Brethren in Waterloo to become the Hammond Avenue Brethren 
Church. Ronald L. Waters recounts the background and process of that merger. 

THE WATERLOO, Iowa, First 
Brethren Church was born in 
1883. From 1883 to 1992 the con- 
gregation worshiped in three suc- 
cessive buildings. For the majority 
of those years, services were held in 
a building located at the corner of 
West Sixth and Wellington Streets. 
This building was described in the 
pages of a 1914 issue of The BRETH- 
REN Evangelist as the most beau- 
tiful in the brotherhood. 

For a number of years the con- 
gregation recognized the need to 
make this beautiful and historic 
building more easily accessible for 
the elderly and handicapped. 
When the building was construct- 
ed in 1913, little consideration was 
given to these special needs. 

Various solutions to this problem 
were explored. A ramp was consid- 
ered, but it would have needed to 
be so long that it was judged im- 
practical. An elevator would have 
required an expensive addition to 
the building. On several occasions 
relocation was considered, but 
emotional attachment to the build- 
ing was so strong that the only 
result was heated dialogue. 

The issue resurfaces 

Recently, as a result of several 
circumstances, the accessibility 
issue resurfaced. So in early 1992 
a Search Committee was formed to 
explore feasible solutions to the 
problem. After much study, discus- 
sion, and prayer, this committee 
presented six options to the con- 
gregation last April: (1) remodel 
the building; (2) build a new build- 

Rev. Waters was pastor of the Water- 
loo, Iowa, First Brethren Church and 
is now co-pastor of the Hammond Ave- 
nue Brethren Church. 

ing elsewhere; (3) 
purchase and re- 
model an existing 
building; (4) merge 
with another con- 
gregation of like 
mind; (5) share a 
building with an- 
other congregation; 
and (6) continue as 

The congregation 
rejected option six 
and instructed the 
Search Committee 
to investigate each 
of the remaining 
options. The mem- 
bers wanted more 
specific informa- 
tion about each op- 
tion, including the 
estimated cost to re- 
pair and maintain the present build 
ing for the next five to ten years. 

An unexpected phone call 

While this information was being 
gathered, the "grapevine" was 
busy. Rev. Gene Burry, the pastor 
of the City Church of the Brethren 
in Waterloo, learned what we were 
doing and called to ask if we were 
serious about a merger. His con- 
gregation was also facing a dilem- 
ma, but of a different kind. 

In 1962 the City Church had 
built a facility (for the most part 
handicapped-accesible) capable of 
holding about 250 people comfort- 
ably. But because of company lay- 
offs in Waterloo, a number of the 
church families had moved away, 
and the congregation had dwindled 
to around 80 members (with an 
average attendance of 50 to 60). As 
a result, the congregation was 
struggling financially. This church, 

The beautiful building at the corner of Sixth and Wel- 
lington Streets in Waterloo served the First Brethren con- 
gregation for nearly 80 years. 

too, might be willing to consider a 

Following his phone call, Rev. 
Burry and I met for some initial 
discussions. Then the lay people of 
both congregations met to discuss 
how such a merger would be struc- 
tured and how each congregation 
would be affected. 

Last June the First Brethren 
congregation was given informa- 
tion about each of the five options 
under consideration. As this infor- 
mation was discussed, it became 
clear that the most feasible option 
was a merger. So the Search Com- 
mittee was instructed to explore 
the possibility and structure of a 
merger with the City Church of 
the Brethren. 

An invitation to merge 

Then in July, the City Church 
voted to invite First Brethren to 
join them in Christian ministry, 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"Without a doubt, this is the most difficult decision this congrega- 
tion has ever been asked to make. Nevertheless, we are now eagerly 
looking ahead in anticipation of God's plans for the future." 

using their building on Hammond 
Avenue as the church home. Our 
congregation had several meetings 
in which we discussed this matter 
at length and during which we 
prayed fervently for God's leading. 

Then on September 13 our con- 
gregation held a special business 
meeting in which to make a 
decision on this matter. A 12-hour 
prayer vigil preceded the gathering. 

The meeting began with a time 
of sharing information and answer- 
ing questions, which lasted for two 
hours. Then the vote was taken. 
The 91 -percent vote in favor of the 
merger was a confirmation to us 
that we were in the will of God. 
What had seemed the least likely 
and least desired option at the 
beginning had become a reality. 

A series of open doors 

From September 13 until the 
end of the year, many meetings 
were held, much sleep lost, and 
much grief and apprehension ex- 
perienced as we prepared for the 
merger. But as we moved forward, 
God kept opening the doors for us 
to step through. 

One of the biggest of these was 
the sale of our building — for 
$65,000 to an African-American 
congregation in need of a place of 
worship. This was an answer to 

About the Church 

The Hammond Avenue Brethren 
Church is a "federated" or coopera- 
tive congregation. It will maintain af- 
filiations with both the Church of the 
Brethren and The Brethren Church 
and support both denominations at 
the national and district levels. At 
least for the present, separate mem- 
bership lists will be kept of Church of 
the Brethren and Brethren Church 
members, primarily for determining 
national and district lair share" sup- 
port. The pastors of the two former 
congregations are now serving as 
co-pastors of the Hammond Avenue 
Church. The church name was 
chosen by vote of the members of 
both former congregations. 

In addition to being more handicapped-accessible, the church building on Ham- 
mond Avenue is located in a newer area of Waterloo. The area in which the former 
First Brethren Church building is located has deteriorated in recent years. 

prayer, as we wanted the building 
to continue as a place where Christ 
would be honored and served. 

While the members of Waterloo 
First Brethren are at peace about 
all that has taken place, their emo- 
tional agony nevertheless con- 
tinues. Many of them were carried 
into this building as babies, were 
dedicated, baptized, and married 
here, and they in turn dedicated 
their own children here. A number 
have also had funerals for loved 
ones in this building. 

Without a doubt, this is the most 
difficult decision this congregation 
has ever been asked to make. Never- 
theless, we are now eagerly look- 
ing ahead in anticipation of God's 
plans for the future. 

Our final worship service 

Our last worship service in this 
beautiful and beloved building was 
held on Sunday, December 27, 
1992. Every effort was put forth to 
make this a time of praise, not of 
grief. The service was designed to 
be a time of worship and remem- 

The first half-hour was a tradi- 
tional time of worship, with the 
theme "A Time to Trust," in re- 
membrance of Jesus' reluctance to 
go to the cross but His yielding to 
the will of the Father. This period 

of worship concluded with special 
music by nine members of the 
pastor's family. 

Then my son, Ronald W. Waters, 
Director of Brethren Church Min- 
istries, brought greetings from the 
National Office, shared some per- 
sonal memories, and issued a chal- 
lenge to the congregation to con- 
tinue in faithfulness to Christ and 
The Brethren Church, and also to 
work with the Church of the 
Brethren in ministry. 

Next an honor roll of the faithful 
was read. Many lay people, some 
deceased and others still living, 
were remembered for their con- 
tribution to the ministry of First 
Brethren through the years. Char- 
les Brown was presented a plaque 
in appreciation for his faithfulness 
in opening and closing the building 
since the early 1970s. 

Then those people who had been 
called into Christian vocations 
from this congregation were 
remembered. Their names were 
read and a brief update of their 
present activities was shared. 

During the 109-year history of 
this congregation, 35 men served it 
as full-time or interim pastor. Two 
of these, W.H. Beachler and I, 
served the congregation for two 
separate pastorates. Of the 34 
former pastors, only James R. 

February 1993 

Black, Glenn Grumbling, and 
Lynn Mercer are living. Each of 
these sent a written or cassette 
message, and these were shared 
during the service. 

Members and friends of the con- 
gregation also shared memories of 
past experiences at the church. 
Some of these were humorous, 
others serious. 

To conclude the service, Russell 
Stephens sang "Bless This House," 
after which we in the congregation 
joined hands in a time of commit- 
ment to our new ministry, while 
singing "Bless Be the Tie That 
Binds." We then prayed together 
the "Lord's Prayer" to conclude the 

Thus we concluded the era of 
services at the beautiful, cherished 
building on the corner of West 
Sixth and Wellington Streets. But 
we took with us many precious 
memories that shall always be an 
important part of our history. 

The merger formalized 

On Sunday, January 3, 1993, a 
historic event took place at 1604 
Hammond Avenue in Waterloo. 
Despite very icy streets, 146 people 
gathered for the first Sunday 
school session and worship service 
of the Hammond Avenue Brethren 

Following a traditional opening, 
Jack Meyers representing the con- 
gregation of the City Church of the 
Brethren formally invited the con- 
gregation of the First Brethren 
Church to join them in Christian 
ministry. LeRoy Lamb formally ac- 
cepted this invitation on behalf of 
the First Brethren congregation. 

The mayor of Waterloo, Al Man- 
ning, brought greetings and wished 
us success in the merger and in 
our efforts to reach people for 
Jesus Christ in Waterloo. He then 
cut a ribbon symbolizing the begin- 
ning of the Hammond Avenue 
Brethren Church. 

Pastor Gene Burry led the con- 
gregation in vows of commitment 
to unity and faithfulness to Christ 
and the church. Following this, the 
new church choir sang "Wonderful 
Grace of Jesus." 

I continued the service with a 
message of challenge for a balanced 
ministry of congregational nurture 
and of outreach in the community 
and around the world. 

Thus began this new venture of 
faith and of service to the Lord. 
Please pray for us, that we will have 
a smooth transition and develop a 
ministry that will bring honor and 
glory to Jesus Christ. [|] 

The Christian Fellowship Baptist Church 

The First Brethren Church building 
at the corner of West Sixth and Wel- 
lington Streets was purchased by the 
Christian Fellowship Baptist Church, 
an African-American congregation 
that had worshiped in the Waterloo 
YWCA since September of 1991. This 
congregation of approximately 135 
members held its opening celebration 
at its new church home on January 
10, 1993. Rev. Ronald L Waters was 
invited to take part in the service. He 
shares this account. 

This was an interesting and edifying 
service, to say the least. It began at 4 
p.m. and concluded a little after 7 p.m. 
At least 15 different clergy persons 

spoke, each for ten minutes or less. 
There were five choirs and individuals 
who sang one or more numbers. 
When the offering was received, the 
ushers stood at the front of the sanc- 
tuary and the people filed past them 
with their offering. Even those in the 
balcony did so. 

The crowd fluctuated from about 
100 to 300 or more. Several of our 
members attended, and some at- 
tended the smorgasbord that was 
provided. They were well-received 
and enjoyed a very delicious meal. 

It was a great experience, very in- 
teresting, inspirational, and noisy. I 
wouldn't have missed it for the world. 

A Significant Day 
in The Brethren Church 

By Richard C. Winfield, Editor 

JANUARY 14 was a significant day in 
The Brethren Church. On that day 
two new missionary couples — Tim and 
Jan Eagle and Todd and Tracy Ruggles 
— made their long-awaited journey to 
Mexico to begin their missionary serv- 
ice in that country. And on that day mis- 
sionary candidate Mark Baker went 
home from the hospital following a 37- 
day stay and a miraculous recovery 
from a severe illness. 

Four New Missionaries 

THE JOURNEY of the four new mis- 
sionaries to Mexico was not without 
its difficulties. Their flight from Cleve- 


land to the Dallas-Fort Worth airport 
was delayed by more than an hour, 
meaning they might miss their next 
flight to Mexico City. Fortunately, Dr. 
Juan Carlos Miranda, Director for Latin 
America Ministries for the Missionary 
Board of the Brethren Church, was 
awaiting them at Dallas-Fort Worth to 
accompany them to Mexico. 

Juan informed American Airlines (the 
carrier to Mexico City) of the situation 
and asked the airline to do what it could 
to hold up the flight until the four addi- 
tional passengers arrived. Thanks to 
Juan's and the airline's efforts, Tim, 
Jan, Todd, and Tracy made the flight. 

Unfortunately, their luggage didn't and 
had to be sent on a later plane. 

In Mexico City, the five were met by 
several members of The Brethren 
Church in Mexico City, including Pastor 
Moises Calderon and two Mexican 
seminary students, Daniel and Ramon, 
who are training to be church planters to 
work in team ministry with the four 
missionaries. After several hours spent 
visiting with the Mexican Brethren and 
in discussions with Juan, the four mis- 
sionaries were picked up by a van which 
took them to the city of Cuernavaca 
(about an hour from Mexico City). This 
is the location of the language school 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Todd and Tracy Ruggles (I.) and Jan and Tim 
Eagle on the patio of the home in which the Eagles 
are staying during language training. 

where they are spending several months 
in intensive study of Spanish. 

While at the language school, the two 
couples are living in the homes of 
Mexican families (each couple with a 
separate family). Since these families 
speak very little English, the new mis- 
sionaries are forced to use Spanish. In 
these homes they are also receiving 
daily exposure to Mexican life and cul- 
ture. At the conclusion of their language 
training, they will move to Mexico City 
to begin their work with the church. 

A Miraculous Recovery 

MARK BAKER'S 37-day stay in 
the hospital began on Tuesday, 
December 8, when he entered Goshen 
(Indiana) General Hospital complaining 
of dizziness and suffering with lung 
congestion. That night he began cough- 
ing up blood, and Wednesday morning 
he was moved into the hospital's inten- 
sive care unit. By Wednesday night his 
condition had so deteriorated that the 
doctor said that, barring a miracle, he 
would not live. 

In the next several hours this word 
was spread throughout the denomina- 
tion, and Brethren (along with many 
other concerned Christians), who had al- 
ready been praying for Mark, began to 
do so with even greater earnestness. 

On Friday Mark was transferred by 
helicopter to the Indiana University 
Medical Center in Indianapolis, where 
more sophisticated treatment could be 
given and a specialist was available to 
examine Mark. But for the next few 
days the only positive note in the reports 
of Mark's condition was that he was 
still alive. 

Then reports began to contain a note 
of guarded optimism. The fact that he 
had hung on to life this long was in it- 

February 1993 

self reason for hope. Prayers 
were being answered; a 
miracle was in the making! 
Even so Mark's life was still 
in the balances. Even a slight 
turn for the worse could 
mean death. 

At this time, Mark was kept 
in a medically induced coma, 
lest any movement on his 
part further reduce the low 
level of oxygen in his blood 
and otherwise interfere with 
treatment. He remained in 
this state until Saturday, 
December 19, when he was 
allowed to regain conscious- 
ness. Even so, it was Tues- 
day before he became fully coherent 
and aware of the severity of his illness. 
During the period that he was in a 
coma, a name was put on his illness: 
Wegener's disease (Pulmonary Wegener's 
Granulomatosis). While the cause of 
this disease is not known, the method of 
treatment is. Once Mark's condition was 
diagnosed and treatment was begun, he 
began the slow process of recovery. By 
Christmas, while Mark was still very ill, 
there was at least reason for optimism. 

Mark continued to improve ever so 
slowly during the last week of Decem- 
ber and the first week of January. He 
experienced a minor setback on January 
11, when it was necessary to remove his 
gall bladder (a casualty of the physical 
ordeal he had been through). Neverthe- 
less, by January 14 the doctor thought 
he was well enough to go home. 

Ironically, January 14 was to have 
been a far different day for Mark. On 
that day he, too, was to have departed 
for missionary service, not in Mexico, 
but in Russia. Mark had traveled to Rus- 
sia last July (see "An Unfinished Jour- 
ney to Russia" in the October 1992 
issue of the Evangelist), and as a result 
of that trip had experienced a call to 
return to that country as a missionary. 
He planned to spend at least a year in 
the former Soviet Union training teach- 
ers and administrators there how to teach 
innovative courses on Judeo-Christian 
principles in the public schools of those 

Though Mark is now at home, he was 
still so weak by the end of January that 
he could do little more than walk short 
distances in the house. And though he 
needs to eat in order to gain strength and 
weight, he finds it difficult to do so be- 
cause of poor appetite and his weakness. 
He faces a long period of recuperation. 

Nevertheless, he is optimistic about a 
full recovery and continues to believe 
that God is calling him to Russia, where 
he plans to go as soon as he is medically 
able. In the meantime, he plans to return 
to his former position as a buyer/ 
manager for Bethel Publishing Company 
as soon as he is well enough to do so. 

He had resigned from this position ef- 
fective in December, in preparation for 
going to Russia. But his employers tore 
up his resignation when they learned of 
his illness and are keeping his position 
open for him. 

Many Prayers Answered 

YES, JANUARY 14 was a signifi- 
cant day in The Brethren Church. 
This day saw the answers to many 
prayers — many months of prayers for 
Tim and Jan and for Todd and Tracy 
during their time of training and mis- 
sionary candidacy; and many days of 
intense prayer for Mark's recovery. 
Thanks be to God who answered those 
prayers by placing four new mis- 
sionaries in Mexico and by bringing 
about a miraculous recovery in the life 
of another missionary candidate! 

But let us not grow weary in our pray- 
ing. Let us continue to pray for Tim and 
Jan and for Todd and Tracy. Let us pray 
for their health and well-being; that they 

Mark Baker (foreground) during his 
first trip to Russia in July 1992. 

will adjust quickly to a new culture and 
environment; that they will learn Span- 
ish rapidly; and that they will be able to 
minister effectively to the spiritual 
needs of the Mexican people. And let us 
pray as well for the quick and complete 
recovery of Mark, and that he, too, will 
be able to fulfill his call to missionary 
service. [|] 


Power Struggles and the 
Pastor's Role in the Church 

By Larry R. Baker 

these thoughts for several 
months and write them out of a 
background of 20 years of pastoral 
experience, as well as other ex- 
perience in youth and Christian 
education ministry. This past sum- 
mer I celebrated my 15th year as 
pastor of the South Bend First 
Brethren Church. 

In the years that I have been in 
South Bend, many pastors have 
come and gone in the Indiana Dis- 
trict. Some churches have changed 
pastors four to six times in the 
years that South Bend and I have 
ministered together. 

Many times the changes were not 
easy. There was "fallout" in the 
surrounding community, and any 
ministry that had been accom- 
plished in the previous couple of 
years was left in shambles. Some- 
times congregations split. More 
than one pastor left The Brethren 
Church for another denomination. 

The pastor's role 

From my point of view, many of 
these "power struggles" between 
the pastor and some members of 
the congregation were a direct re- 
sult of how the pastors role was 
perceived by himself and by some 
members of the church. 

Most pastors have gifts of leader- 
ship and have honed those skills 
with advanced training. They have 
worked in local churches, read 
books, and taken courses on how to 
organize, program, and build the 
church. Although some may have 

Rev. Baker is pastor of the South 
Bend, Ind., First Brethren Church. 

This article initially appeared as an 
editorial in Brethren Need to Know, the 
Indiana District newsletter, of which 
Rev. Baker is co-editor. It is used here 
by permission. 


delusions of grandeur, most just 
want to build the Kingdom of God. 
Add to these truths the fact that 
The Brethren Church Manual of 
Procedure, the district constitution, 
and most local church constitu- 
tions give the office of elder or pas- 
tor in The Brethren Church great 
responsibility and authority in the 
local congregation. 

The pastor as chaplain 

In some congregations the pastor 
is neither expected nor allowed to 
exercise this responsibility and 
authority. He is viewed as an em- 
ployee of the congregation with 
"chaplain" responsibilities. He is 
not expected to coordinate and/or 
lead the programs, finances, and 
the outreach of the church, or to 
equip members for ministry. He is 
to perform ministry as his em- 
ployers instruct and allow him to 
perform it. 

Many times he is expected to 
make the church grow using strat- 
egies and methods that were effec- 
tive 40 years ago, but which have 
little impact or produce few results 
in today's society. He is viewed (as 
Lyle Schaller puts it) as a "med- 
icine man" rather than as a "tribal 
chief." This congregational attitude 
can frustrate and discourage a 
pastor who wants to do everything 
possible to enable the congregation 
to grow. 

Some pastors, on the other hand, 
may misuse their authority, or 
they may not respond well to crit- 
icism or to ideas that differ from 
their own. Instead of trying to work 
out a situation, they may appear to 
be saying, "It's my way or the high- 
way!" They are the ones who usual- 
ly end up on the highway! 

My counsel in these situations is 
to know yourself as a congregation 
and as a pastor. Are you a con- 

gregation that basically wants a 
"chaplain" or a "medicine man" 
whom you can direct on what to do 
and how to do it? If so, it probably 
wouldn't be wise for you to call a 
pastor who is a strong leader and 
administrator, who has definite 
ideas on how to build a church in 
the 1990s. You had better seek a 
pastor who has gifts in the areas of 
counseling, mercy, and helps. 

On the other hand, congregations 
that desire more rapid growth and 
outreach probably need to seek 
pastors who have the gifts of lead- 
ership and administration. 

Pastors, likewise, need to be 
aware of their gift complement as 
they seek a church in which to 
serve God. They need to be aware 
of what kind of pastor a congrega- 
tion is seeking. They must also be 
true to their calling and gifts, so 
that neither they nor the congrega- 
tion will be frustrated. 

When mismatches occur 

If a mismatch does occur (and 
they will), everything possible needs 
to be done by both the congrega- 
tion and the pastor to prevent the 
situation from getting ugly. The 
Pastoral and Congregational Care 
representative and the District 
Elder need to be contacted and 
their counsel sought. 

If possible the situation needs to 
be worked out in such a way that 
both the congregation and the pas- 
tor are challenged to grow from the 
experience and to bring glory to 
God. If a solution cannot be found, 
then an agreement to disagree 
needs to be made in love, with as 
few repercussions as possible. 

Remember, the world is watch- 
ing us. Jesus put it this way: "By 
this all men will know that you are 
my disciples, if you love one an- 
other" (John 13:35, Niv). [f] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Practicing Random 
of Kindness 

By Victor M. Parachin 


President George Bush invited 
members of the press corps and 
their families to Kennebunkport 
for a barbecue. Among those pres- 
ent was Jack Gallivan, a director 
of ABC's Primetime Live program, 
and his young daughter Katie. The 
little girl joined other children 
swimming in the Bushes' pool. 

Before long the President noticed 
that Katie was in tears, and he 
asked her what was wrong. Katie 
told the President that while swim- 
ming, a tooth — loose for several 
days — had come out and was lost 
in the pool. The President knew 
from his own children and grand- 
children what that meant: no tooth 
to place under a pillow for the Tooth 

President Bush excused himself, 
then returned in a moment with a 
Presidential note card bearing an 
etching of his Kennebunkport 
house. On it he made a small x and 
wrote: "Dear Tooth Fairy, Katie's 
tooth came out where the x is. It 
really did — I promise. George 

Of course, that simple, spontane- 
ous, and exquisite act dried a little 
girl's tears, bringing her instant 
joy. Such is the power of kindness. 

The world needs kindness 

The world is always in need 'of 
more people who will practice ran- 
dom acts of kindness. Kindness has 
a way of softening life's harsh blows 
and of pushing back the clouds to 
let the sun shine through. It 
makes bearable what otherwise 
would be unbearable. 

Rev. Parachin is a pastor and free- 
lance writer who lives in Virginia 
Beach, Va. 

February 1993 

That is why the Bible empha- 
sizes the importance of kindness: 
"be kind and tender-hearted to one 
another . . ." (Eph. 4:32, TEV). In 
another passage St. Paul makes it 
clear that kindness should be a 
part of every Christian's life: "the 
Spirit produces love, joy, peace, 
patience, kindness ..." (Gal. 5:22, 

Consider the impact of a random 
act of kindness upon British hos- 
tage Terry Waite. During his fourth 
year of confinement, discourage- 
ment was giving way to despair. At 
just the right moment a guard 
came informing Waite that a post 
card had arrived for him. 

Amazingly, a woman he didn't 
know decided to purchase a card 
and mail it to Waite. The only ad- 
dress she wrote was "Terry Waite, 
Beirut, Lebanon." Equally amazing 
was the fact that her card reached 
the hostage. Her message was a 
simple, pure reminder that he had 
not been forgotten: "We remember. 
We shall continue to pray for you 
and to work for all people detained 
around the world." 

That act of kindness from some- 
one he had never met lifted Waite's 
spirits tremendously. After his 
release, Waite cited that note as 
bearing a vital message of hope for 
him. He told reporters: "Never de- 
spise those simple actions. Some- 
thing, somewhere will get through 
— as it got through to me." 

The boomerang effect 

Perhaps one of the finest aspects 
about practicing random acts of 
kindness is the boomerang effect 
those actions create. The good you 
do comes back to you. "Kindness 
begets kindness," wrote Sophocles. 

And the Bible notes: "You do your- 

self a favor when you are kind" 
(Prov. 11:17, TEV). It is impossible 
to do a random act of kindness 
without feeling better yourself. 

Kindness at work 

A good example is the writer 
Edna St. Vincent Millay. A shy, 
sensitive woman, she found herself 
very unhappy when she moved to 
New York City after graduating 
from Vassar College. The cold in- 
difference of large city life left her 
both discouraged and lonely. Let- 
ters to her mother reflected St. 
Vincent Millay 's gloomy mood. 

Fortunately, St. Vincent Millay 
transformed urban life around her 
by reaching out to people with ran- 
dom acts of kindness. In so doing, 
her own living improved, as is evi- 
dent in this excerpt from a later 
letter to her mother: 

It's such fun to treat people as if 
they were human beings just like 
yourself. They always like it and 
come right back at you with it. I 
picked up a spilled bundle for a 
woman the other day — her 
arms were so full she could hard- 
ly bend — and carried it for a 
couple of blocks. She blessed me 
as if I were an angel, kept saying 
how kind it was — and that it 
was things like this, happening 
once or twice in a lifetime, that 
made life worth living. 

When all is said and done, we 
say many words and do many 
deeds for which we may be sorry. 
But no one is ever sorry for hav- 
ing committed random acts of 
kindness. [f] 


Brethren Church Ministries 

ONE OF MY most dearly loved 
passages of scripture is Luke 
15. In it Jesus reveals the heart 
of God as He tells three stories 
about lost things. A shepherd dis- 
covers that one of his 100 sheep 
is missing. A woman loses one of 
ten silver coins. And the younger 
son of a father takes his share of 
the estate and runs as far away 
from home as possible and is lost 
to his father. 

What action does each person 
take in response to the lost object/ 
person? The shepherd goes out 
into the dangerous night and 
searches diligently until he finds 
the lost sheep. The woman lights 
her dark home, sweeps the house 
thoroughly, and searches careful- 
ly until she finds the lost coin. 
The father watches longingly for 
his son. Then, on first sight of the 
young man in the distance, the 
father runs through the city to 
greet the lost son and to lovingly 
restore him to his position in the 

Jesus is clearly showing His 
own heart and that of His heav- 
enly Father — a heart that requires 
diligent, relentless searching for 
all who have separated them- 
selves from fellowship with a lov- 
ing God. 

An important context 

But the context of this passage 
is so important. Jesus reveals His 
heart for the lost through these 
stories because the good religious 
people of His day were criticizing 
Him. "This man spends His time 

Rev. Waters is Director of Brethren 
Church Ministries. He is serving as 
the national coordinator for Passing 
On the Promise. 

Having the Heart 
of the Lord 

By Ronald W. Waters 

with the riff-raff of society, people 
who are clearly sinners. He wel- 
comes them; He even eats with 
them!" The implication is that no 
person of true faith would hang 
out with these scum. Instead, he 
should devote his time and ener- 
gy with good churchgoers like us. 

Self-fulfilling priorities 

Unfortunately, we are so much 
like those Pharisees. My heart 
aches when I think how much 
time, effort, and money we invest 
in the church in activities and 
ministries that upbuild our own 
lives (as important as that is) 
while at the same time devoting 
so little energy and resources in 
reaching the lost. I'm as guilty as 
anyone of having priorities that 
are self-fulfilling rather than 
focused on fulfilling God's pur- 
poses in a lost and dying world. 

My brother or sister in the 
faith, let us allow nothing — no 
fear or anxiety, no trivial pur- 
suits of daily life, no person or 
possession — to prevent us from 
having the heart of our Father 
God and of our Lord Jesus Christ. 
The same Jesus who said, "For 
the Son of Man came to seek and 
to save what was lost" (Luke 
19:10), also said, "As the Father 
has sent me, I am sending you" 
(John 20:21), and "you will 
receive power . . . and you will be 
my witnesses . . ." (Acts 1:8). 

How may we acquire the heart 
of God for the lost as our own 
heart-felt attitude? 

(1) First, by prayer: asking God 
to give us His heart of compas- 
sion and longing, and praying for 
family members and friends who 
have not found saving faith in 
Jesus Christ. 

(2) Second, by becoming 
equipped to share our faith: par- 
ticipating in Passing On the 
Promise or other outreach oppor- 
tunities through our churches in 
our own communities. 

(3) Third, by watching diligent- 
ly for needs in other persons' 
lives: looking for divine appoint- 
ments to say words of faith and 
hope and to do deeds of kindness 
in the name of Jesus Christ. 

(4) And fourth, by making out- 
reach a financial priority: through 
giving greater emphasis in the 
use of our personal finances and 
possessions and those of our 
churches in ministries that will 
advance the gospel of Jesus 

The heart of God is focused on 
reaching the lost, on bringing 
them to saving faith, and on re- 
storing their relationship to Him- 
self. May you and I have His 
heart for the lost. 

POtP Time Table 

September 1992-March 1993 — 

Churches decide to enter POtP; com- 
plete covenant of participation 

January-April 1993 — Churches 
select two co-coordinators; order in- 
itial POtP materials from Brethren 
Church National Office 

April-May 1993 — Co-coordi- 
nators and pastors register for Evan- 
gelism Leaders Academy (EI_A) 

June-August 1993 — Co-coordi- 
nators and pastors attend a one-week 

August 1993 — 105th General 
Conference features concert of prayer 
for spiritual awakening and world 

August-September 1993 — POtP 
Congregational Dinner 

September 1993 — First study cur- 
riculum begins 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Brethren Church Ministries 

grew quickly. As an eighth 
grader, I was five feet eleven and 
weighed 175 pounds. I could wear 
my father's Navy uniform when I 
was ten. I remember getting a 
new pair of shoes about every 4—5 
months, depending on how big 
they were when Mom bought 
them. The longest I ever wore a 
pair of pants was six months, and 
that was with the cuffs rolled up 
two or three times. 

To top it all, I never received 
any hand-me-downs. I am the 
youngest child in my family, but 
the only boy. My father wasn't 
about to let his son wear any 
hand-me-downs from his daugh- 
ters, not even basic blue jeans. 

Growth costs 

Why am I telling you all this? 
Growth, dear brethren, costs. A 
parent can't expect to keep a 
growing child in clothes without 
it costing something. (I haven't 
told you about my growing ap- 
petite as a young boy!) The same 
is true of a church. How in the 
world can we expect a church to 
grow if we aren't willing to pay 
the cost. And I'm not just talking 

Alexander Mack wrote a hymn 
entitled, "Count Well the Cost." 
Brethren, let's quit kidding our- 
selves. If we want to grow by add- 
ing persons to the kingdom of 

Rev. Hardesty is pastor of the New 
Paris, Ina\, First Brethren Church (a 
Passing On the Promise pilot church), 
POtP field staff for Indiana and 
Central districts, and moderator of 
the Indiana District Conference. 

This article is reprinted from Breth- 
ren Need to Know, the Indiana District 
newsletter. Used by permission.. 

Growing Pains 

By Brad Hardesty 

God, it will cost us something. If 
we want to grow by reshuffling 
the church deck, then it won't 
cost much, but we won't be ad- 
ding many to the kingdom either. 
I don't suppose there is any 
church, even Brethren, that 
would admit to being against 

POtP Participation 

The following churches have al- 
ready begun Passing On the Prom- 
ise or have signed and returned a 
covenant of participation, indicating 
their intention to take part. Please 
remember these churches in your 

Pilot Churches (started the 
POtP process in 1991/92): 

Waterbrook, Bethlehem (S.E.); 
Ardmore, New Paris, South Bend 
(Ind.); Northgate (N. Calif.) 

Starting in 1993 (previously 

Sarasota (Fla.); Park St. (Ohio) 

Starting in 1993 (new commit- 

Waterloo Hammond Ave. (Cen.); 
Bloomingdale (Fla.); Peru, Winding 
Waters (Ind.); Cheyenne (M.W.); 
Canton Trinity, Walcrest (Ohio); Lin- 
wood, Maurertown, Mt. Olive, Oak 
Hill, St. James (S.E.); Northwest 
Chapel (S.W.) 

Committed Churches to Date 
— 21 

Other churches are still consider- 
ing or have decided to take part but 
have not yet returned their cov- 
enant of participation. 

When your church has decided to 
take part in Passing On the 
Promise, sign and return the 
covenant of participation ... as 
soon as possible, but no later than 
April 1, 1993. 

church growth. But there are 
many churches, among them 
some Brethren congregations, 
whose ministries and statistics 
prove that they are against 
church growth. 

Brethren, let us examine our- 
selves and come before God 
honestly and openly. If we 
honestly want to grow by adding 
persons to God's kingdom, then 
let's count the cost. If we count 
the cost and decide not to pay it, 
then let's be honest and admit we 
don't want to grow. I've found 
that getting something hidden 
out into the open is the beginning 
of healing and wholeness. 

I have a nephew who grew so 
fast that his legs ached. He suf- 
fered real growing pains. It would 
be nice if growth didn't hurt, but 
the facts prove that growth is 
often accompanied by pain. 

Growth results in conflict 

William Easum said at a 1992 
Evangelism Leaders Academy 
that growing churches will 
experience conflict. Not a very 
happy thought! I guess the old 
saying, "No pain, no gain," ap- 
plies to churches too. We can try 
to avoid it, we can hope it will 
eventually go away, but the 
simple truth remains that growth 
and pain go together. It's one of 
the costs we must count. 

Brethren, I want to see every 
church in the Indiana District 
(and elsewhere too) alive and 
growing. I want us to welcome 
with open arms persons who 
don't look like us, dress like us, 
smell like us, or even think like 
us. The honor of ministering to 
these people and of bringing them 
a step closer to the kingdom is 
worth the pain and the cost. [|] 

February 1993 


Brethren Church Ministries 

POtP — Bearing Fruit 
at North gate 

It all started with the 
Thanksgiving dinner, which was 
attended by 125 people. You see, 
our social hall only accommo- 
dates 100 people comfortably. We 
managed to get everyone seated 
and fed. The program of celebra- 
tion included an ingathering of 
funds collected for World Relief. 

Next, we turned our attention 
to Christmas. On the first Sun- 
day of December, we distributed 
Christmas cards with names and 
addresses of non-Christian 
friends and family members. We 
had gathered these names during 
the fall as part of our study of the 
Promise for the Future cur- 
riculum, a part of the Passing On 
the Promise process. 

The cards contained a Christ- 
mas greeting and an invitation to 
church services. They were de- 
signed to be hand delivered to 
more than 50 prospective families 
by those from our church who 
would be willing to do so. This 
created an atmosphere of en- 
thusiasm as well as expectancy 
that carried through the events of 
the Advent season. 

Christmas dinner theater 

Our second annual Christmas 
dinner theater was different this 
year. Not only was the crowd of 
120 larger than the previous 
year, but the format was new as 
well. Guests were seated at num- 

Rev. Stogsdill is pastor of the 
Northgate Community Brethren 
Church in Manteca, Calif, a Passing 
On the Promise pilot church. He also 
serves as POtP field staff for the 
Northern California and Southwest 

By Roger Stogsdill 

bered tables. Those seated at 
tables one through nine were as- 
signed the task of performing a 
scene from the Christmas drama 
with the number corresponding 
to the number of their table. 

During the meal they assigned 
parts and familiarized themselves 
with the script. After dinner, the 

Doug Harnden as Zechariah, father 
of John the Baptist. 

participants selected costumes 
and prepared for and preformed 
the play. What fun we had acting 
out the various scenes of the 
Christmas drama! 

Actually, that evening's enjoy- 
ment was enhanced by what had 
happened following the morning 
worship service. I had the joyful 
opportunity of baptizing eleven 
persons. The entire deacon board 
had to swing into action to help 
with this service. 

Two reasons for excitement 

Excitement built as we realized 
two things. The first was that we 
were celebrating Christ's birth by 
celebrating the new birth of 
eleven people in the faith. What 
could be more appropriate? 

The second had to do with our 
involvement in Passing On the 
Promise. In September we had 
set a goal to see our congregation 
grow by ten percent by June 1993 
through additions of persons by 

Wise men (I. to r.) Pastor Roger Stogsdill, Bob Harnden, and Alvin Mathews. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

conversion alone. Transfers of 
membership, though certainly 
welcome, would not be included 
in assessing our progress. We 
could hardly contain ourselves 
when we realized our goal had 
been surpassed and 1993 had yet 
to arrive! 

We eagerly awaited what might 
happen on Christmas Sunday. We 
were thrilled last Easter when 
165 people attended that service. 
But what would happen at our 
Christmas worship service? 

At the beginning of the service, 
the count was in the 150s. But 
when the time in the service 
came for the children to present 
their Christmas program, "Twas 
the Night Before," there were 179 
present! More importantly, many 
of those present had no connec- 
tion to another church. And God 
gave us the opportunity to pre- 
sent them the Good News of the 
gospel and to minister to them. 

Angel Dorothy Huse (I.) with shepherds Don Huse (c.) and Carol Wynns. 

The atmosphere of friendliness, 
outreach, and expectancy con- 
tinues to grow as we enter 1993. 
This environment, already 
present in our church, has been 
cultivated by our involvement in 

Passing On the Promise. When 
people get a taste for winning 
others to Christ, there is no con- 
taining the enthusiasm. And for 
that matter, who would want to 
contain it?! [f] 

Other POtP Fruit 

ON SATURDAY, January 16, 
the Northern Indiana Pass- 
ing On the Promise pilot churches 
held their first district support 
meeting at the South Bend First 
Brethren Church. Nineteen per- 
sons attended the meeting, which 
provided an opportunity to cele- 
brate what is happening in the 
churches and to provide encour- 
agement for the months ahead. 

The following comments about 
what is happening in individual 
congregations were shared: 

"Two small groups formed 
naturally without a special pro- 
gram to do so." 

"Increased prayer emphasis." 

"Seven people were received 
into membership." 

"Our prayer walk before Evan- 
gelism Sunday had over 30 par- 

"We had a reality check — 
recognizing our strengths and 
weaknesses — through the con- 
gregational self-study." 

"Attitudes toward outreach are 

"We had unity in our Sunday 
school through classes studying 
the same curriculum." 

"The congregation is gaining a 
unified purpose and goals." 

"We're discovering specific 
needs and ministering to them." 

"People are taking risks, doing 
things they thought they couldn't 

"Over 35 prospects were identi- 
fied; people from the church took 
the initiative to invite them through 

the Christmas card outreach." 

"The Holy Spirit is motivating 
people to walk the talk." 

"It's opened us up mentally and 
spiritually to new people." 

"People are finding their min- 

"We've started some adult elec- 
tive studies for specific needs." 

"Our coordinators have been 

In addition to the district sup- 
port meeting, the co-coordinators 
and pastors of the pilot churches 
meet monthly for fellowship, en- 
couragement, and prayer. This 
mutual support was especially 
important when the husband of 
one co-coordinator died unexpec- 
tedly in November. 

Please continue to pray for the 
pilot churches as they set the 
pace for other Brethren churches 
who will begin the Passing On the 
Promise process in 1993. 

February 1993 




West (at I.) and north sides of the new sanctuary addition. Photo by Ralph Hurley. 

Gretna Brethren Church Dedicates 
Sanctuary Addition on January 3rd 

Bellefontaine, Ohio — The Gretna 
Brethren Church dedicated its new 
sanctuary addition on the first Sunday 
of the New Year. 

Moderator Thomas Losey, Building 
Committee chairman Dean Hess, and 
statutory agent Bob McPherson served 
as worship leaders for the 3:00 p.m. serv- 
ice. Rev. Ronald W. Waters, Director of 
Brethren Church Ministries and a 
former member of the congregation, 
delivered the message. Attendance for 
the service was 154. 

A letter was read during the service 
from Pastor Lynn Mercer, who was un- 
able to be present because of the death 
of his mother, whose funeral was held 
the previous day. Letters and greetings 
were also received from area pastors, 
former pastors, other Brethren church- 
es, building suppliers, and others. 

Special music for the service included 

a vocal call to worship by Deanna Hauk, 
Mary Hess, and Phyllis Jerviss; a selec- 
tion by the Children's Choir under the 
direction of Phyllis Jerviss; a solo by Bob 
McPherson; and an anthem by the Gret- 
na Church Choir under the direction of 
Shirley T. McPherson. 

The addition to the Gretna Church 
building measures 136 feet by 45 feet 
and includes three classrooms, two of- 
fices, restrooms, a foyer, and the 
sanctuary (77 x 45 feet), which has fixed 
seating for 320 people. It is handi- 
capped-accessible and connects to the 
remainder of the church building at the 
north end of the educational wing. Cost 
of construction and furnishings was ap- 
proximately $260,000. 

Ground was broken May 3, 1992, and 
construction began the following day. 
The first worship service was held in the 
new sanctuary on December 13. Zion 

Pastors to Meet March 16-18 
At Stonecroft Conference Center 

Mulvane, Kans. — The 1993 National 
Brethren Pastors Conference will be 
held March 16-18, 1993, at Stonecroft 
Conference Center near Branson, Mis- 

Resource person for the conference 
will be Rev. Earl Pickard, National 
Prayer Director — Campus Crusade for 
Christ, an associate of David Bryant, 
the scheduled 1993 General Conference 
speaker. Rev. Pickard is a church con- 
sultant specializing in master-plan- 
ning, ministry development, and 
leadership mentoring. He will guide 
conference participants through a 


process for awakening prayer in their 
personal lives, churches, and com- 
munities. His time with the pastors will 
serve as a prelude to General Con- 

The conference program will also in- 
clude input from The Brethren Church 
Doctrine, Research and Publication 
Committee, and times for discussion. 

The cost of the conference is $175 per 
couple; $125 per single ($100 if sharing 
a room); $40 per teen; $20 per child 
3—12; free for children under three. 

Pastors Conference is a valuable time 
of Christian growth, spiritual refresh- 
ment, and fellowship for Brethren pas- 
tors and their spouses. Churches are 
urged to provide pastors the time off and 
the finances to attend this gathering. 

Church Designers and Builders of Zion, 
111., served as the agent for the project, 
and Levi Beck of Alliance, Ohio, was the 
working superintendent. Much of the 
labor was volunteered by members and 
friends of the congregation, under the 
coordination of Dean Hess. 

Other Building Committee members 
in addition to Dean Hess were Jenean 
Jackson, David Jackson, Ed Hauk, 
Dave Jenkins, Robb Cummins, Mike 
Kennedy, Doyle McPherson, Skip 
Wiford, Thomas Losey (moderator), and 
Bill Deardurff. Betty Deardurff served 
as the coordinator for the many snacks 
and lunches for the workers. 

An open house with refreshments and 
fellowship followed the dedication serv- 
ice. During the open house a video was 
played in the new foyer showing con- 
struction of the new addition. 

The Gretna Church has 151 members 
and averages 90 for Sunday school and 
108 in worship. Attendance on Decem- 
ber 13, the first Sunday in the new 
sanctuary, was 164. The old sanctuary 
will be used for fellowship and worship. 
— reported by Pastor Lynn Mercer 

"... You are my hope, 
Lord God.' 1 Ps. 71:5 (NKJ) 

for a hurting world 


MARCH 7-9, 1993 ORLANDO, FL 


• The Hon. Kay James • Gov. John Ashcroft 

Hans Finzel • John Bueno • Luder Whitlock 

• Mvron Augsburger • Paul McKaughan 


• John Lewis • Aurora Morabito 
"Jov and Devotion" • SharaJee Swanson 

National Association of Evangelicals 
(708) 665-0500 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Brethren Bible Church Meeting Needs 
By Operating Food Pantry in Louisville 

Louisville, Ohio — Some people of 
limited means in the Louisville com- 
munity have more food on their tables, 
thanks to a Food Pantry ministry oper- 
ated by the Louisville Brethren Bible 

The Food Pantry was organized last 
April by a Sunday school class at the 
Brethren Bible Church, in conjunction 
with the Louisville Ministerial Associa- 
tion. Brethren Bible member Shirley 
Brown serves as director of the Food 
Pantry, and other members of the Breth- 
ren Bible congregation serve on a rotating 
basis as coordinators, food receivers, 
packagers, and collectors. 

From April to the end of 1992, the 
Food Pantry served more than 50 fam- 
ilies in Louisville, some on a regular 
basis. Approximately 25 families 
received food baskets for Thanksgiving, 
and 35 families were given Christmas 

Donations for the Pantry come from 
most of the churches in Louisville and 

from businesses, community organiza- 
tions, farmers, and other individuals. In 

December the Pantry received a dona- 
tion of $1,255 from the Louisville 
Education Association. Such donations 
are stretched even further by purchas- 
ing through the Akron Food Bank, with 
which the Food Pantry is affiliated. 

— reported by Shirley Brown 

Dave Augusta (I.), president of the Louisville Education Asociation, and Becky 
Howard, Building Rep. /Coordinator, present a $1,255 check for the Louisville Food 
Pantry to Shirley Brown, Food Pantry director, Penny Knouff, coordinator, and Rev. 

Jim Ray, pastor of the Brethren Bible Church. Photo by Paul Clapper, Louisville Herald. 

Pastor Receives Christmas Gift 
Filled with Christian Symbolism 

Linwood, Md. — Rev. Robert Kep- 
linger, pastor of the Linwood Brethren 
Church, received a very special 
Christmas gift from Major Warren 
Lowman, a member of his congregation. 
Major Lowman was stationed in Jeru- 
salem with the military, where he pur- 
chased for 
Pastor Kep- 
linger a white 
linen stole 
with the Jeru- 
salem Cross 
on it in beau- 
tiful colors. 
The Jerusa- 
lem Cross, 
also known as 
the five-fold 
cross or the 

Cross, is com- 
Major Warren Lowman poged of fom . 

crosses centered on a fifth cross in such 
a way as to form one large cross. Usual- 
ly, four additional small crosses appear 
in the corners of this larger cross. 

The symbolism of this cross can be 
traced as follows: Originally known as 
the five-fold cross, the five crosses rep- 
resent the five wounds of the Lord's 

February 1993 

crucifixion. It became the Coat of Arms 
of the first ruler of the Latin Kingdom 
in Jerusalem, and thus became known 
as the Jerusalem Cross. 

Later the cross was used extensively 
by the Crusaders, and the five crosses 

¥ : '— ''■ 

were said to symbolize Great Britain, 
France, Germany, Italy, and Spain, as 
well as the five wounds. 

Sometimes the four small crosses are 
said to represent the four corners of the 
earth, to which missionaries of the cross 
have carried the gospel since the days of 
the original Church of Jerusalem (rep- 
resented by the large cross). 

Major Lowman, who presented the 
gift to Rev. Keplinger, is currently sta- 
tion in Cairo, Egypt. 

— submitted by Rev. Robert Keplinger 

Rev. Robert Keplinger wearing the stole 
he received from Major Warren Lowman. 


Wanted: Family Physician 

Family physician needed to join busy, 
Brethren-oriented, five-person practice in 
a beautiful college town of 6,500. Good 
schools, low crime rate, 15 minutes from 
primary hospital and 25 minutes from 
tertiary hospital in metropolitan area of 
170,000. Home of Manchester College 
with student body of 1 ,100. 

Compatible, value-oriented group — 
full-range family practice with opportunity 
to develop own style, favorable malprac- 
tice climate, competitive salary, and sign- 
ing bonus. 

Wilbur D. McFadden, M.D. 

Manchester Clinic, Inc. 

1 104 North Wayne Street 

North Manchester, IN 46962 

Daytime phone: 219-982-2102 

Evening phone: 219-982-8280 



Food Ministry of Mountain View Church 
Helps Take the Bite Out of Food Budget 

The following article about a ministry 
of the Mountain View Brethren Church 
in Frederick, Md., appeared in the 
December 11, 1992, edition of The Fred- 
erick News-Post. It was written by Karen 
Gardner, assistant family editor of the 
News-Post, and is reprinted here with 
the permission of that newspaper. The 
Mountain View Church is a Brethren 
Home Mission congregation. 

IF YOU VOLUNTEER two hours a 
month and are looking for a way to cut 
down on your grocery bill, then SHARE 
might be for you. 

SHARE, which stands for self help 
and resource exchange, offers $30 to 
$35 worth of groceries for $13 and the 
volunteer work. 

And the best thing about it, said 
Bryan Hayden, is "Anyone that eats 

Cheryl Hayden first learned about 
SHARE about 18 months ago while 
living in Falmouth, Mass. She and her 
husband, Bryan, were moving to Fred- 
erick to start a business, and he talked 
to Charles Beekley, pastor of the Moun- 
tain View Brethren Church, about start- 
ing SHARE in Frederick. 

Mr. Beekley liked what he was told 
about SHARE, and in March SHARE 
began with six families. "We thought 
it'd be kind of crazy not to take ad- 
vantage of this," Mr. Hayden said. 

Today, 18 households participate in 
SHARE each month, and not all are 
members of the Mountain View Church, 
Mr. Beekley said. 

"This is not an effort to twist anyone's 
arm to get them in our doors," Mr. Beek- 
ley said. "A few SHARE members are 
very active in other churches." 

In fact, SHARE is sponsored by As- 
sociated Catholic Charities in the Bal- 
timore and Washington areas. Nation- 
ally, it is a nonsectarian organization, 
with 400,000 members. 

"I like it because I'm retired and I like 
to volunteer for things," Gary Snyder, 
who with Bryan Hayden often drives to 
Baltimore to get the SHARE packages, 
said. "It sounded like a really neat pro- 
gram for folks who are already dedi- 
cated to some kind of volunteer pro- 

What attracts people to SHARE is the 
no strings attached attitude that per- 
vades the program, Mr. Beekley said. 
The two hours of volunteer service can 
be done at a church, school, or organized 
community program, or it can be some- 

thing as simple as shopping for an elder- 
ly neighbor or baby-sitting for a neigh- 
bor, he added. 

"Just do something outside yourself," 
he said. One woman did her monthly 
quota recently at the Ross Perot for 
President headquarters in Frederick. 
Politics is one of the suggested volun- 
teerism categories. Others include, but 
aren't restricted to church, youth, health, 
transportation and senior citizens. 

No income limits for participants are 
set. Food stamps can be used toward the 
$ 1 3 share , but the vast m aj ority of mem - 
bers don't qualify for food stamps. 

"It's to increase community participa- 
tion," Mrs. hayden said. "It does in- 
crease the volunteer force in the com- 
munity." The SHARE chapter she 
belonged to in New England had 125 
household participants, and she'd like 
to see the Frederick SHARE chapter 
grow to that extent. 

Volunteerism could extend to a nurs- 
ing home, a library, a soup kitchen. It 
could mean raising funds for a charity. 
"Two hours a month is not a whole lot," 
Mrs. Hayden said. 

A list of potential volunteer activities 
put out by SHARE suggests such varied 
tasks as calling a sick neighbor, calling 
a latchkey child every week, working in 
a community block garden, adopting a 
street to keep it clean, baking cookies for 
a child's class or church, working on a 
church festival or teaching Sunday 

Older, retired people on fixed incomes 
could benefit from SHARE, Mr. Beekley 
said. They have the time to volunteer 
and could save money on groceries as 

The food package varies a bit each 
month. "There are generally potatoes 
and onions, and a good-sized bag of 
chicken and ground turkey," Mrs. Hay- 
den said. 

The arrival of a SHARE package 

makes grocery shopping a little easier 

for the Haydens. "We've had weeks that 

(continued on next page) 

Frederick News-Post staff photo by Timothy Jacobsen 

Charles Beekley (r.), pastor of the Mountain View Brethren Church, and Bryan Hayden hold 
bags of groceries that will be used in the food ministry of the church. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Bowmans Ordained Deacon and Deaconess 
At Maurertown, Virginia, Brethren Church 

Maurertown, Va. — Earl 
and Frances Bowman were 
ordained deacon and dea- 
coness Sunday, November 
29, in the Maurertown 
Brethren Church. 

Mr. Bowman, who oper- 
ates his own home improve- 
ment business, is a trustee 
of the Maurertown Church 
and sings in the church choir. 
Mrs. Bowman, a nurse, 
helps with the junior 
church. They are the par- 
ents of two children, Sherri, 
a teacher, and David, who 
works with his dad in the 
family business. 

Rev. Robert Keplinger, 
pastor of the Linwood, Md., 
Brethren Church and District Board of 
Overseers representative for the Maur- 
ertown Brethren Church, presented a 
message, "Knowing What to Do," during 

the morning worship service in which 
the ordination took place. Then he and 
Rev. Richard Craver, pastor of the 

Pastor Richard Craver (c.) with the new deacon 
couple, Frances and Earl Bowman. Photo by Steve Craver. 

Maurertown Church, conducted the serv- 
ice of ordination for the Bowmans. 
Cindy Copp read the action of the con- 
gregation calling for the ordination of 
the Bowmans as deacon and deaconess. 
The day of the Bowmans' ordination 
was designated "Deacon Board Sunday" 

(continued from previous page) 
it's gotten me through with two weeks 
worth of meals," she said. "I won't have 
to go to the grocery store except to buy 
eggs, milk and bread." 

SHARE is able to get food at lower 
costs because items are purchased in 
bulk. Packaging is also kept to a min- 

A recent SHARE package included 
five pounds of potatoes, a package of 
pork patties, two packages of hot dogs 
in addition to the chicken and turkey. 
No onions were in this month's bag, but 
there was a head of cabbage, lettuce, 
two squash, two zucchini, a pineapple, 
five pears, a pound of kidney beans, a 
package of chili seasoning, a box of pan- 
cake mix and a package of frozen corn 
on the cob. 

Another month's supply included a 
package of fish, cucumbers, scallions, 
bananas, oranges, beef enchiladas, 
white and sweet potatoes, carrots and 
celery. The same month included black- 
eyed peas, and to help those unfamiliar 
with this dried legume, a recipe for 
black-eyed peas. 

The meat is frozen and is worth a 
little less than half the value of the 
entire package. 

"We just recognized some people want 
relief from the cost of groceries," Mr. 
Beekley said. "Every little bit helps. It 

February 1993 

fits so nicely with the Brethren theology 
of service to mankind." 

Still, he added, "Nobody is ever asked 
to come to our church." Pickup is at the 
church, in Rose Hill Plaza. Mr. Beekley, 
who worked for the Brethren denomina- 
tion for 10 years in Ashland, Ohio, came 
to Frederick at the request of the church 
to start a congregation. 

When Mr. Hayden told him about 
SHARE, he agreed to begin Frederick's 
first chapter in March. Each month, the 
two would drive to a Washington, D.C., 
pickup place and get the food packages. 

In May, Baltimore began food dis- 
tribution, and the Mountain View chap- 
ter switched to a Baltimore pickup site. 
Once a month, Mr. Snyder and Mr. Hay- 
den drive to the distribution site and get 
the food. 

SHARE started in 1983 in San Diego, 
with 7,000 food packages assembled in 
a single day. There are now 24 SHARE 
programs around the country. 

Since September, four months after 
SHARE got its Baltimore start, the 
number of orders has jumped from 
2,880 to 8,267 in December. 

Cheryl Hayden usually sees the ar- 
rival of a SHARE package as a reason 
to invite friends over for a meal. "I feel 
like sharing with someone else," she 
said. "So I'll make something and invite 
in friends." 

in the Maurertown Church, and the 
deacons and deaconesses sat together in 
the "Amen Corner" of the sanctuary. 
They also served as worship leader and 
ushers, and participated in the laying 
on of hands for the new deacon couple. 
Following the service, a fellowship 
meal was held in honor of the Bowmans. 
— reported by Maxine Craver 

Trinity Church Honors Pastor 
With Surprise Birthday Party 

Canton, Ohio — Members of the 
Trinity Brethren Church surprised 
their pastor, Rev. Terry Colley, on 
December 20 with a party in honor of 
his 40th birthday. 

Pastor Colley was truly surprised, as 
he thought that he was attending the 
church's annual Christmas dinner. 

Pastor Terry Colley gets set to blow out 
the candles on the cake at his surprise 
birthday party. 

The celebration began with a covered 
dish dinner, followed by games organ- 
ized by Bob and Darlene Workinger. 
Then cake and ice cream were served. 

Pastor Colley received many lovely 
gifts, and everyone enjoyed the evening 
of fun and fellowship. 

Rev. Colley has served the Canton 
Trinity congregation since January 

— reported by Kay Kline 

O Lord, help my words to be gracious 
and tender today, for tomorrow I may 
have to eat them. 

— Anonymous 



Locations and Speakers Announced 
For Evangelism Leaders Academy 

Ashland, Ohio — Locations and prin- 
cipal speakers for the 1993 Evangelism 
Leaders Academy have been chosen 
and announced. 

The Brethren Church uses the acad- 
emy for training local Passing On the 
Promise leaders. 

Locations and the speakers for each 
will be as follows. 

Locations: Warner Southern Col- 
lege, Lake Wales, Fla. (June 7-10), and 
Lebanon Valley College, Annville, Pa. 
(July 5-8). 


— Doug Murren, pastor, Eastside 
Foursquare Church, Kirkland, Wash.; 
featured seminar leader for the Charles 
F. Fuller Institute; author of The Baby 
Boomerang; topic: "The 21st Century 
Leader: New Visions for a New Era" 

— Jenny Jackson-Adams, pastor, 
Morningside United Methodist Church, 
Americus, Ga.; topic: "How to Activate a 
Passive Congregation" 

Locations: Taylor University, Up- 
land, Ind. (July 12-15), and University 

of La Verne, La Verne, CA (August 9-12). 

— Norman Shawchuck, internation- 
ally acclaimed consultant and lecturer; 
author of A Guide to Prayer for Ministers 
and Other Servants and other books; 
topic: "Marketing for Congregations" 

— Angel Torro, pastor, Good Shep- 
herd United Methodist Church, Lake 
Placid, Fla.; active in the United Meth- 
odist's evangelism movement, Vision 
2000; topic: "Witnessing with the 
Spirit's Power" 

Locations: Bethel College, N. New- 
ton, Kans. (July 19-22), and Warner 
Pacific College, Portland, Oreg. (August 


— Cynthia Hale, pastor, Ray of Hope 
Christian Church, Decatur, Ga.; topic: 
"Managing Conflict and Change in a 
Growing Church" 

— Terry Hershey, executive director 
of Christian Focus; seminar leader on 
young adult ministry; topic: "How to 
Reach Single Adults" 

Commenting on the speakers, Paul 
Mundey, executive director of the Evan- 
gelism Leaders Academy, said, "Seldom 
is a series of national events able to pull 
together such an array of talent. In the 
mix are well-known speakers and 'ris- 
ing stars'; Anglo leaders and Hispanic 
and Black leaders as well; pastors and 
consultants, in addition to professional 
presenters. We are excited about this 
rich resource of insight and ability — 
praying that persons will access it . . . 
for the growth of the church." 

The Evangelism Leaders Academy 
was begun in 1985 with 35 persons. 
Since then it has grown to more than 
1,400 participants per year from 12 de- 
nominations. The academy is sponsored 
by the Church of the Brethren. Major 
partners besides The Brethren Church 
include the Christian Church (Disciples 
of Christ), the General Conference Men- 
nonite Church, and the Mennonite 
Church. These partners also use the 
academy for training leaders for processes 
similar to Passing On the Promise. 

Persons interested in more informa- 
tion may request a brochure by contact- 
ing The Brethren Church National Of- 
fice (419-289-1708) or the academy of- 
fice (800-323-8039, extension 451). 

Berlin Brethren Church Gets 
New Nativity Scene in 1992 

Berlin, Pa. — The traditional nativity 
scene on the lawn of the Berlin Breth- 
ren Church had a fresh appearance dur- 
ing the 1992 Advent season, thanks to 
the congregation's Young Adult Class. 

Many years ago, under the guidance 
of Geneva Altfather, the youth of the 
church had made a nativity scene for 
the church lawn. Over the years, as the 
various Sunday school classes (on a 
rotating basis) set up the scene each 
year, the paint on the figures was 
touched up as needed and the shed 
design for the scene was changed. 

In 1992 it was once again the Young 
Adult Class's turn to put up the scene. 
But they remembered that four years 
earlier, when they had last done the 

The Berlin Brethren Church's new nativity scene. 

outdoor Christmas decorations, the 
scene was showing considerable wear. 
So in September they dragged out the 
figures and had a look. 

They found, among other things, that 
the colors were faded and mismatched, 
one shepherd had lost a hand, Joseph 
had eyes of two different shapes, the 
donkey had lost its tail, and most of the 
figures were flat-headed from people 
missing the stakes when the figures 
were pounded into the ground. The class 
decided a new nativity scene was needed. 
Wood was secured and the figures 
drawn. It was decided to add an angel, 
so a pattern for this had to be found. 
Then an unexpected volunteer cut out 
the figures and Dorie Lambert painted 
them. The men of the class made a new 
shed from some used barn siding. Then 
on a cold, wintry day, the scene was 
placed on the church lawn. 

Not only did the 
nativity scene on the 
front lawn of the Ber- 
lin Brethren Church 
have a fresh appear- 
ance this past Christ- 
mas, but the Young 
Adult Class had a 
good time of fellow- 
ship redoing it. 
— reported by Frances 
Bockes; submitted 
by Chris Glessner 

Goshen First Brethren Church 
Welcomes New Youth Pastor 

Goshen, Ind. — The First Brethren 
Church of Goshen welcomed David Kline 
January 3 as its new youth pastor. 

Kline is a graduate of Moody Bible 
Institute and Ashland Theological Sem- 

David and Valerie Kline 

inary. During high school and college, 
he engaged in Christian ministry as a 
Sunday school teacher, junior church 
leader, and youth group leader. 

David and his wife Valerie were wel- 
comed with a carry-in meal after the 
worship service and given gifts of food 
and money to help fill their cupboards. 
— reported by Peggy Miller 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven*' (Matt. 19:14). 

Getting Caught Being Good 

My children were going through one of those phases. It happens at our house now 
and then, and probably at your house too. The kids just could not seem to get settled 
down at bedtime. I was growing tired of sending them back to their beds ten times after 
they had already been tucked in "for the last time." 

At last I'd had enough. I wasn't going to put up with this nonsense one night longer. 
After all, it was for their own good. The next day always goes so much better for everyone 
when they have had a good night's sleep. They feel better, get along with others better, 
and are happier and healthier when they have had enough rest. I'm trying to help them 
have a happier, healthier life. That's why I make rules for them. 

So, resolved that this problem wouldn't happen again, I tucked in the children with 
hugs and kisses and teddy bears. Then I started down the stairs, stopped, and with a 
sudden, very serious voice, said, "Behave and stay in bed. I'm coming back, and you 
don't want me to find you up when I do!" 

You know something? It worked pretty well. They didn't know just how soon I would 
come back, but they did know that I was coming. And they knew that I had better not 
find them out of bed. It wasn't that my children had to worry that I'd stop loving them if I 
found them out of bed. They know that I will always love them. But they knew that I 
wouldn't be happy with them if I found them out of bed. There are two good reasons to 
behave: your own well-being and what you'll get "caught" doing. I'd rather get caught 
being good than being bad, wouldn't you? 

The Bible teaches us all kinds of things that we are supposed to be doing — things 
like telling the truth, being kind to others, etc. And when we think about it, we realize that 
it is just plain good for everyone concerned when we do these things. 

But sometimes we need to be reminded that Jesus is coming again. What will we 
be doing when He comes? The Bible reminds us about this in several places. Read 
Matthew 24:36 — 25:46 to find out what Jesus Himself said would happen when He returns. 

In Matthew 25:34-36, Jesus listed some things that He wants His followers to do for 
others until He comes again. He said that whatever we do for others, He will count it as 
though we had done it for Him. Use your Bible* to find out what we are to do. Have you 
been loving people in the ways Jesus tells us to? Next, find these words in the puzzle. 

1 . I was and you gave me something 

to . 

2. I was and you gave me something 

to . 

3. I was a and you 

me in. 

4. I needed and you me. 

5. I was and you after me. 

6. I was in and you came to 

•Verses are quoted from the New International Version. 












February 1992 





Robert and Phil Michael, members of 
the Lanark, 111., First Brethren Church, were 
named Farmers of the Year recently by the 
Carroll County Soil and Water Conserva- 
tion District. This is the first time in Carroll 
County that this award has been given to a 
father-son partnership. Saving the soil on 
their land has long been a goal of the 
Michaels, and today they practice no-till 
agriculture on 100% percent of their farm- 

Jim Tomb has been serving since 
December 1 as interim pastor of the Vinco 
Brethren Church of Mineral Point, Pa. 
Before coming to the Vinco Church, he 
served for nearly two years as interim pastor 
of the Colver and Revloc Presbyterian 
Churches. In the past he ministered to the 

My Second Retirement 

My first retirement came in 1974 after 
37 years of service to Ashland College 
and Seminary. In the meantime, in 1972, 
I found myself involved in another field 
— as a member of the Board of Directors 
during the initiation of the new Brethren 
Care nursing home in Ashland. 

In 1975 I was asked to become chap- 
lain of Brethren Care as a member of its 
active staff. After 17 years in this posi- 
tion, I have retired. 

Now I am reminiscing about the bless- 
ings, the benefits, and the heartwarming 
association with staff and residents of 
Brethren Care. It has been a great pleas- 
ure to be associated with the administra- 
tion, nurses, aides, and other workers. I 
have constantly marveled and rejoiced 
at the TLC (tender loving care) given by 
staff to one another and to the residents. 

After such experience, I cannot under- 
stand why the general public looks upon 
going to a nursing home as something to 
be dreaded. Brethren Care makes it 

The Lord has richly given His bless- 
ings to Brethren Care and to me for this 
wonderful experience. My kindest 
regards and prayers for Brethren Care 
will continue. With Paul, I say, "I thank 
my God upon every remembrance of 
you" (Phil. 1:3). 

— L. E. Lindower 

Vinco Church as an evangelist, assistant 
Sunday school teacher, and guest preacher. 

James Garrett has accepted a call to 
become pastor of the Lanark, 111., First Breth- 
ren Church. Jim is currently a student at 
Ashland Theological Seminary. He, his 
wife Elizabeth, son Matthew, and daughter 
Lora will move to Lanark in June. Jim is the 
son of Pastor Buck and Sarah Garrett, who 
serve the Bradenton, Fla., Brethren Church. 

The Church of the Brethren in Nigeria 

suffered another tragedy on December 13, 
when Rev. Boaz Maina, the acting general 
secretary of the church, died in a car acci- 
dent. This was the second death of a general 
secretary in two months. The former sec- 
retary, Dr. John Guli, was killed in a car 
accident on October 1 1 . Five other church 
leaders were in the car with Rev. Maina, 
including longtime church leader Rev. Mai 
Sule Biu, who was critically injured. 

Rev. Bill Kerner, former Director of 
Pastoral Ministries for The Brethren 

Church (retired), has been serving since 
December 6 as interim pastor of the Tucson, 
Ariz., First Brethren Church. Rev. Kerner 
and his wife Trudy have been accused of 
bringing Ohio weather to Tucson, which 
has received much more rain than usual. 

Rev. Mark Britton was installed as pas- 
tor of the Derby, Kans., First Brethren 
Church on Sunday afternoon, January 17. 
District Supervising Elder Reilly Smith, 
pastor of the Mulvane, Kans., Brethren 
Church, assisted with the service. This was 
a "homecoming" for Rev. Britton, who 
grew up in the Derby Church. 

The Newark, Ohio, Brethren Church 

is taking part in the planning and prepara- 
tion for a Billy Graham Crusade to be held 
at Cooper Stadium in Columbus, Ohio, Sep- 
tember 22-26 of this year. The Newark 
Church hosted the Licking County Crusade 
Information Seminar on January 19, which 
was attended by approximately 40 pastors 
and church representatives. 

In Memory 

Vermeda C. Patrick, 66, January 18. Lifetime 
member of the Oak Hill First Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor William Skeldon and Rev. 
William Menefee. 

Garnet Menzie, 70, January 14. Member for 39 
years of the Warsaw First Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Mitchell Funkhouser. 
Mildred G. Kaiser, 92, January 12. Faithfully 
attended and supported the Bryan First Brethren 
Church for approximately 60 years. Services by 
Rev. Fred Brandon. 

Myrtle A. Riffle, 98, January 12. Member of the 
Masontown Brethren Church and lifelong mem- 
ber of the Dorcas Class. Services by Pastor Rus- 
sell King. 

Marvin Johnson, 83, January 6. Lifelong mem- 
ber of the Oak Hill First Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor William Skeldon. 
Percy (Bud) Connin, 84, January 1 . Member for 
66 years of the Bryan First Brethren Church. 
Services by Rev. Fred Brandon, nephew of the 
deceased, and Rev. Marlin McCann. 
Evelyn Mercer, 72, December 27. Longtime 
member of the North Georgetown First Brethren 
Church, where she served as Sisterhood and Sig- 
nal Lights patroness and as superintendent of the 
children's department. Mrs. Mercer was the 
mother of Brethren pastor Rev. Lynn Mercer. 
Harry D. Meyers, 94, December 23. Member 
since 1910 and oldest active member at the time 
of his death of the Berlin Brethren Church, where 
he served for many years as a deacon. Services 
by Pastor Bryan G. Karchncr. 
Addie Wineland, 101, December 23. Member 
for 88 years of the Bryan First Brethren Church. 
Services by Rev. Robert Damschroder. 
Mrs. Violet Fadeley, 64, December 8. Long- 
time member of the St. Luke Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Dave Benshoff. 
Isabelle Goodman, 78, November 19. Member 
for more than 60 years of the Warsaw First 
Brethren Church. Services by Pastor Mitchell 

Grover Rusk, 73, July 29. Member for 42 years 
of the Bryan First Brethren Church. Services by 
Rev. David Rusk. 



Mark and Ruth Rickard, 55th, January 29. 
Members of the Maurertown Brethren Church. 
Rev. Robert and Mayme Schubert, 55th, Jan- 
uary 22. Rev. Schubert is serving as interim 
pastor of the Lanark, 111., First Brethren Church. 
Otis and Alma Stoffer, 60th, January 20. Mem- 
bers of the North Georgetown First Brethren 

John and Eleanor Porte, 55th, January 8. Mem- 
bers of the South Bend First Brethren Church. 
David and Helen McDonald, 50th, December 
27. Members and deacon and deaconess of the 
Cerro Gordo Brethren Church. 


Velma J. Frederick to Rev. David F. Con- 
dreay, January 2, at the Cerro Gordo Brethren 
Church; Rev. Paul N. Munsen officiating. Rev. 
Condreay is the pastor of the Cerro Gordo Breth- 
ren Church. 

Nancy Van Meter to Paul Matia, January 2, at 
the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church; Pastor 
Arden Gilmer officiating. Bride a member of the 
Park Street Brethren Church. 
Deborah Paul to Thomas Sprowls, Jr., Decem- 
ber 19, at the Berlin Brethren Church; Pastor 
Bryan G. Karchner officiating. Members of the 
Berlin Brethren Church. 

Mary E. Rieger to Jeffrey D. Hanson, Novem- 
ber 28, at the Falls City First Brethren Church; 
Pastor Betty Hadley officiating. Members of the 
Falls City Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Berlin: 2 by baptism 

St. Luke: 2 by transfer 

South Bend: 4 by baptism 

The Brethren Evangelist 

News-Notes From Around the World 


Muslims in the Commonwealth of 
Independent States are particularly 
receptive to the gospel, according to Del 
Kingsriter, director of the Center for 
Ministry to Muslims (CMM). Despite 
this openness, however, the number of 
people in Central Asia who consider 
themselves Muslims is growing faster 
than any other people in the CIS. 

Some observers believe this is the re- 
sult of evangelistic neglect by most West- 
ern mission organizations, who have 
launched their evangelism efforts in the 
CIS at people of European background, 
such as Russians and Ukrainians. 

In Kazakhstan, a Central Asian state 
of the Commonwealth, Muslim groups 
grew at a rate of 24 percent from 1979 
to 1989, compared to six percent growth 
of European groups. CMM estimates 
that in 30-40 years the CIS will have as 
many Muslims as Russians. 

Melanie Jongsma 
The Bible League news release 


The Evangelical Fellowship of 
Canada's National Task Force on Evan- 
gelism has set March 6 as the date for 
what it says will be "the world's largest 
pizza party." 

The party, featuring the Christian 
music group Petra and the popular 
speaker and writer Josh McDowell, will 
link hundreds of local pizza parties 
across North America by satellite 
television. "Operation Powerlink," as 
the program is called, will be carried by 
the Vision TV channel in Canada. 

Operation Powerlink is an outreach 
program in which youths invite friends 
to a home, school, community center, or 
church to watch the March 6 broadcast, 
which will include music by Petra, pro- 
vide glimpses of other youths in other 
parts of North America participating in 
similar pizza parties, and end with a 
invitation by Josh McDowell to come to 

At least 8,000 young people in 
Canada are being trained in peer evan- 
gelism, and some 4,000 conversions are 
expected through the program. 

World Evangelical Report 


Mexican President Carlos Salinas de 
Gortari accepted an invitation to attend 
a prayer breakfast December 10 hosted 
by evangelical leaders in Mexico. This 
was the first time in 80 years that the 

February 1993 

Mexican government has participated 
openly with any evangelical group or 

Since the Mexican revolution in 1910, 
Mexico's constitution has not recognized 
the evangelical church, and those in- 
volved with religious activities have 
been considered "non-entities." In fact, 
until recently Mexican pastors were 
even denied voting privileges and other 

President Salinas circumvented 
Mexico's official stance, however, when 
he not only joined more that 600 evan- 
gelical leaders for their annual prayer 
breakfast, but opened up the Presiden- 
tial Residency for the gathering. 

Since 1910 the Mexican constitution 
has given little attention to the Protes- 
tant church. But currently changes are 
being made which have been favorable 
to the church. This new relationship 
between church and state will allow 
religious leaders to be more public about 
proclaiming the gospel and more confi- 
dent about maintaining a presence in 
Mexican life. 

Melanie Jongsma 
The Bible League news release 


War in Liberia and Angola. Famine in 
Somalia and Mozambique. Political in- 
stability in Kenya and Nigeria. Amidst 
this current state of affairs, 12,000 or- 
dained and lay Christian leaders met in 
the Nigerian capital, Lagos, recently to 
reaffirm that "God loves Africa and 
wants to use it for His glory." 

"We meet in the recognition of our 
historical background of civil wars and 
tribal strife," said the declaration of the 
conference, which attracted partici- 
pants from 45 African countries and 
2,140 denominations, "but we join 
together as one body in Christ, standing 
on the promises of the Word of God." 

"While poverty and starvation and 
AIDS threaten many across the land, 
we know that the church is the pathway 
to peace and prosperity and is the salt 
of the earth." 

The leaders blamed some of the 
continent's problems on the failure of 
their own Christian witness. They also 
confessed that they had become too 
occupied with their own national 
problems and had overlooked the 
spiritual needs of the mostly Muslim 
North African countries. 

The participants committed themselves 
to "cooperating with the Holy Spirit" in 
church growth and evangelism. "We fur- 
ther commit ourselves to train and send 

10,000 African missionaries cross- 
culturally by the year 2000 and to estab- 
lish a strong missionary movement in 
every country of Africa." 

Isaac Phiri, 
WEF Information Interchange 


The religious violence between Mus- 
lims and Hindus which rocked India 
and neighboring countries in December 
and which left at least 1 , 100 people dead 
in India may turn out to be an oppor- 
tunity for Christian witness, says Fran- 
cis Sunderaraj, general secretary of the 
Evangelical Fellowship of India. 

"It is an opportunity for Christians to 
show the spirit of love and reconcilia- 
tion," says Sunderaraj. In the past 
Christians have opened their churches 
to Hindus and Muslims fleeing violence 
and provided them temporary aid. 

From experience gained through deal- 
ing with a succession of religious riots 
in India's recent history, Sunderaraj 
cautions against provocative theologi- 
cal statements about Christ when 
religious feeling in the country is so 
strong. Instead, Christians should focus 
on helping the victims of the violence 
without taking sides or making uncal- 
culated statements themselves. 

"People will see that we are different 
and that will give us the opportunity to 
tell them about the uniqueness of 
Christ," says Sunderaraj. 

Isaac Phiri 
WEF Information Interchange 


A milestone in the history of Chris- 
tianity was reached in 1992 when a por- 
tion of Scripture was translated into the 
2,000th language of the world. 

The event is more symbolic than 
exact, because in the fields of linguistics 
and translation the experts are not al- 
ways in agreement on the criteria for 
determining such milestones. But the 
Forum of Bible Agencies, an informal 
group of 17 Bible translation and dis- 
tribution organizations, has agreed to 
publicize jointly five languages, all of 
which could easily be said to be the 
2,000th language in which a portion of 
Scripture has been translated. 

Languages included in the 2,000 are 
those in which Scripture publication has 
taken place at any time since the inven- 
tion of movable type printing in the mid- 
15th century. Estimates as to the total 
number of languages in the world range 
from as low as 3,000 to more than 6,000. 
The Bible Society news release 


February is 
"Have a Heart" Month 

This month you have the opportunity 
to have a heart for the lost in your com- 

Who are the lost? All who have not 
accepted the love and forgiveness of 
Jesus Christ and who have not made 
Him Lord of their lives. Many in our 
communities are lost and headed for an 
eternity of separation from God. 

You can help reach the lost by giving 
to the "Have a Heart" offering this 
month. Brethren churches will receive 
an offering this month — many on 
February 14. Up to one-half of the gift 
you give through your local church will 
provide funding to help with local out- 
reach ministry. 

The other half will help The Breth- 
ren Church with supporting costs for 
Passing On the Promise nationwide. 

Our goal this month is $5.00 per 
person or $10.00 per family. That's 
only a small amount per person, but it 
has the potential of paying big dividends 
for God's kingdom as He multiplies the 
gifts of Brethren people across the 

Thank you for your generous gift. 
And may God give you His heart for the 

Give through your local church, or 
send your gift to: 

Have a Heart 

The Brethren Church 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, OH 44805 

O l5 


J Li. 

'.11 ixl !~ 


I- O <£. 


Witnesses to the World 



in a Jar" 


By Richard C. Winfield, Editor 

I READ RECENTLY of a pastor who 
in his membership classes asks the 
class members to (1) guess the number 
of beans he has put into a jar and (b) 
name their favorite song — two seem- 
ingly unrelated activities. 

After the students have written their 
answers, the pastor counts out the num- 
ber of beans in the jar, and class mem- 
bers check their answers to see who 
came closest to being correct. Then he 
turns to the question about their favorite 
songs and asks whose answer came 
closest to being correct. To this the stu- 
dents protest that there is no correct 
answer, claiming that one's favorite 
song is a matter of personal preference. 

Then the pastor asks this question: 
"When you decide what to believe in 
terms of your faith, is that more like 
guessing the number of beans, or more 
like choosing your favorite song?" 
(Before reading on, ask yourself how you 
would answer that question.) When the 
pastor asks this question, he always gets 
the same answer: Choosing one's faith 
is more like choosing a favorite song.* 

While this answer may be correct as a 
description of how people do in fact 
choose their faith, it is fundamentally 
wrong in its perception of what choos- 
ing one's faith is all about. Furthermore, 
confusion about the difference between 
these views of faith is one source of a 
lot of the wishy-washiness in the church 
and also one reason why Christians find 
it difficult to communicate with secular 

What's the difference 

So what's the difference between the 
two approaches? "Favorite song" theol- 
ogy says that there is no one true faith 
or body of religious beliefs (or if there 

*An account of this appeared in an 
article by Tim Stafford in Christianity 
Today. I read about it, however, in an 
editorial by Kermon Thomasson in the 
November 1992 issue of the Church of 
the Brethren Messenger. I have not read 
Mr. Stafford's article, so any similarities 
between his comments and mine (if there 
are any) are purely amazing. R.C.W. 

is, it is so unknowable as to be irrel- 
evant). This approach manifests itself in 
statements like "It doesn't matter what 
you believe, just so you're sincere" or 
"You have your beliefs and I have 
mine." In the matter of choosing faith, 
like choosing a favorite song, there is no 
right answer according to this view of 
religious belief. It's all a matter of per- 
sonal preference. 

"Beans in a jar" theology, on the 
other hand, says that there is one true 
faith, one true body of religious beliefs 
(a real "jar" with a specific number of 
"beans" inside). And while it may be 
difficult to fully know the truth (just as 
it is difficult to guess the correct number 
of beans in a jar), there is Truth to be 
known (a jar with beans in it). 

To carry the analogy a bit further, 
"beans in a jar" theology also recog- 
nizes that the beliefs of some are nearer 
to the truth than the beliefs of others 
(just as some guesses about the number 
of beans in the jar are closer to the ac- 
tual number than others). Furthermore, 
this kind of theology says that by seek- 
ing, reading God's word, praying, and 
learning from the wisdom of others, it is 
possible to know more and more about 
the Truth (just as by doing some careful 
estimating and a few calculations it is 
possible to guess pretty close to the ac- 
tual number of beans in the jar). 

Some conclusions 

So where is all of this taking us? I'd 
like to draw several conclusions. 

1. It does matter what we believe. 

Jesus Christ said, "I am the way and the 
truth and the life. No one comes to the 
Father except through me" (Jn. 14:6). 
We must stand firmly on this truth. 

2. While standing firmly on faith in 
Christ, we must recognize that our 
knowledge of Him and our understand- 
ing of His will are incomplete. There- 
fore, we must have a commitment to "grow 
in the grace and knowledge of our Lord 
and Savior Jesus Christ." (2 Pet. 3:18). 

3. The Bible is basic to knowing God 
and understanding His will. Therefore, 
we ought to study it. But there is much 
to read in the Bible and it is sometimes 
difficult to understand and apply its 
teachings. Because this is so, we need to 
exercise humility when we encounter 
people who interpret its message dif- 
ferently. We need to be particularly 
wary of calling people "liberal" or of 
accusing them of rejecting the authority 
of the Bible just because their inter- 
pretation and application of its teachings 
differ from our own. They may be just 
as committed to the authority of the 
Bible as we are, but they just understand 
it differently. 

4. We need to be aware that it does 
little good to "argue" religion or mor- 
ality with those who have a "favorite 
song" theology (or no theology at all!). 
When we think we have won our point, 
they may simply reply, "You have your 
beliefs and I have mine." 

5. The church's efforts to influence 
society in the moral arena (abortion, 
pornography, homosexuality, etc.) often 
have little effect because we appeal to 
an authority (God, the Bible) that our 
secular society no longer accepts. In 
addition to calling society to repent 
(to recognize the reality of God and the 
authority of His word), we may also 
need to find other grounds on which to 
press our claims with those who fail to 
accept divine authority. 

We can gain a lot of insight when we 
recognize the difference between these 
two opposing views of faith. [f] 

J$L Pontius' Puddle 



i ki the: politics 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Funderburg Library 


North Manchester, IN 46962 

March 1993 
Volume 115, Number 3 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


John Maust 

Children's Page 

The Editor 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
July and August issues are 
combined) by The Brethren 
Church, Inc., 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, OH 44805-3792. Au- 
thors' views are not necessarily 
those of The Brethren Church. 

Subscription Rates: One 

year, $11.25 for 100% church 
lists; $13.00 for church lists 
of five or more names; $14.00 
for individual subscriptions. 
Single-copy price, $1.50. 

Change of Address: Please 
send notice at least three 
weeks in advance. Copy old ad- 
dress from back of magazine 
and send with new address. 

Manuscript Policy: While 
some unsolicited manuscripts 
are accepted, a query letter 
sent first describing a proposed 
manuscript is preferred. In- 
clude a self-addressed, stamped 
envelope with all manuscripts. 
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porting news items are avail- 
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available upon request. 

Postmaster: Please send Form 
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Second Class Postage: Paid 
at Ashland, Ohio. 

Member: Evangelical Press 

March 1993 


"Favorite Song" Versus "Beans in a Jar" Theology 2 

by Richard C. Winfield 

We can gain a lot of insight when we recognize the difference between 

these two opposing views of faith. 

Leaders for a Growing Church by Ronald W. Waters 4 

Third in a series of four articles on The Brethren Church's "Priorities 
for the Nineties." 

Does God Care? by Brad Hardesty 6 

A human lesson about divine compassion. 

Heavenly Priorities for Our Earthly Walk by Mark R. Littleton 8 
Five specific guidelines for our everyday lives that will enable us to 
focus on that which is truly important. 

Getting a Greeter Program Started by Carolyn Copeland 10 

Suggestions for making easier the difficult task of getting people to serve 
as greeters in the church. 

Brethren World Missions 

Ministry Pages 

The Gospel: A World Need by James R. Black 

A Letter From Malaysia from David and Jenny Loi 

A Progress Report From India by K. Prasanth Kumar 







Children's Page 


From the Grape Vine 
News-Notes From 
Around the World 


Cover: This month's cover reminds us of our General Conference theme for 
1993, "Witnesses to the World." This theme stresses the fact that we are to 
share our Christian faith with all, from our next-door neighbor to those on the 
opposite side of our planet. The cover also ties in with the World Missions 
emphasis in this month's Ministry Pages. 

The March-April Woman's Outlook Newsletter is in the center of this issue. 

Answers to the Little Crusader page: 

1. A coin and a son. 

2. Jesus said this message. 

3. The message is: "I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down 
his life for the sheep." 

This month's Little Crusader page was done by the editor. Mrs. Jackie 
Rhoades, who had written the children's page for the past year, was unable to 
continue because of other commitments. We express our sincere thanks to her 
for her contribution to the past 12 issues of the EVANGELIST. 



for a 


Priority 3 — Training Growth Leaders (Leadership 
Development for Outreach): to equip and provide oppor- 
tunities for persons to lead outreach ministries for Christ 
— pastors with an evangelistic vision, planters to begin 
new churches, and people to lead lay ministries. 

Third in a series 

of four articles on 

The Brethren Church's 


for the 



Ronald W. Waters 

strong, visionary leaders — 
persons in ministry with a heart 
for the lost. What types of leaders 
are needed if The Brethren Church 
is to faithfully and effectively ful- 
fill God's mission of reaching the 

Servant leaders 

As the disciples gathered at the 
table with Jesus on the night 
before His crucifixion, "a dispute 
arose among them as to which of 
them was considered to be great- 
est" (Luke 22:24, Niv). 

Jesus left no question about the 
attitude of a Christian leader. 
Warning them against the com- 
mon practice of lording it over 
others, He said, "You are not to be 
like that. Instead, the greatest 
among you should be like the 
youngest, and the one who rules 
like the one who serves. ... I am 
among you as one who serves" 
(Luke 22:26-27, niv). It may have 
been at this point that Jesus 
washed their feet. 

Jesus Himself is our model of a 
servant leader. As a servant lead- 
er, He was not powerless. He said 
that "all authority in heaven and 
on earth" had been given to Him. 
But rather than use that authority 
to control or manipulate others, He 
ministered to the needs of others, 
particularly to their need for rec- 
onciliation with God. 

Understanding our sin nature, 
we sometimes fear that our leaders 
may take a controlling attitude 
rather than that of a servant. So 

Rev. Waters is Director of Brethren 
Church Ministries. 

The denominational priorities being 
discussed in this series of articles were 
adopted by the 1992 General Conference. 

we tend to grant responsibility and 
authority to groups of people — 
boards or committees or the con- 
gregation as a whole — rather than 
entrusting leadership to a few. The 
result is creation of bureaucracies 
— groups who are slow to decide 
and who encumber their decisions 
with the burden of regulations and 
limitations. At times such groups 
unconsciously discourage ministry 
rather than empowering and en- 
abling it! 

Sometimes we equate attend- 
ance at board and committee meet- 
ings with "doing ministry" when, 
in fact, little ministry happens in 
such meetings. Most churches need 
fewer decision-making structures 
so more people can become directly 
involved in serving others. When 
we entrust decision-making to 
fewer persons, many are freed to 
touch the hearts and lives of other 

Evangelistic vision 

Pastors wear many hats. Per- 
haps their most important task is 
giving the local church vision and 
focus for ministry. George Barna 
says that effective churches have a 
"strong pastor": "strong" in being a 
true leader and "pastor" in under- 
standing the needs of those inside 
and outside the congregation and 
in giving vision and spiritual guid- 
ance to the church. Says Barna, "A 
strong pastor is one who takes 
charge of the church without 
breaking the spirit of those who 
wish to be involved." 

The main focus of the church's 
vision must be a concern for reach- 
ing those who are not yet Chris- 
tians. Every pastor may not have 

George Barna, User Friendly 
Churches (Ventura, CA: Regal Books, 
1991), p. 143. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

the gift of an evangelist, but each 
must set the evangelistic tone for 
the congregation by preaching on 
outreach themes, providing train- 
ing opportunities, and modeling 
direct faith-sharing with others. 

Pastoral ministry often focuses 
on the needs of believers — church 
members have significant needs 
and, after all, they expect a pastor 
to minister to their needs. But 
sometimes church members place 
so many demands on the pastor's 
time that the pastor has little op- 
portunity to minister to the un- 
saved. Most churches would do 
well to free the pastor from some 
pastoral care responsibilities to 
allow for more direct outreach to 
those in the community. 

Planters for new churches 

The fourth Brethren Church 
priority for the 1990s is planting 
new churches and will be con- 
sidered next month. If new 
churches are to be planted, per- 
sons must be called and equipped 
to lead in this effort. 

Church planting pastors are a 
critical part of the process. The 
responsibilities of a pastor of a 
new church are different from 
those of a pastor of an established 
congregation. This pastor must be 
a "jack-of-all-trades" and a "self- 
starter." A committed life of 
prayer, a deep faith, and a clear 
vision are vital. And a supportive 
family is also essential! 

Lay persons, too, have an impor- 
tant role. Starting a new church is 
facilitated when a core group as- 
sists in this process. 

Often, lay persons move to the 
site of a new church to serve as 
"tentmakers" — those who earn 
their livelihood from a job in the 
community so they may help 
establish the new congregation. 
Others may not relocate, serving 
instead as part of the nucleus of a 
new daughter church started by 
their home congregation. 

Whether as a planting pastor or 
as a tentmaker, workers must be 
prepared to work with "new wine- 

March 1993 

skins." New churches must have 
the flexibility to minister to new 
needs in new ways. This requires 
new attitudes and a willingness to 
try new approaches to ministry 
and church structures. 

Leaders for lay ministries 

Ministry belongs to all God's 
people. The Bible nowhere por- 
trays the Christian faith as a 
"spectator sport" or provides for 
retirement from ministry (consider 
Caleb in Joshua 14:6-15). 

Unfortunately, we've often tried 
to plug people into existing organ- 
izational slots — an office or a board 
or committee. Effective churches 
today enable most of their people 
to "do ministry" rather than serve 
in decision-making roles. 

Joy in ministry comes from doing 
something we enjoy, and most peo- 
ple enjoy doing what comes natur- 
ally to them. God has blessed each 
believer with one or more spiritual 
gifts and with many natural abil- 
ities. There is value in mutually 
identifying our gifts and abilities, 
then in using those gifts in minis- 
try that serves Christ and other 

Identifying our gifts, we discover 
how richly God has blessed us. 
And offering those gifts back to 
Him in service, we discover true 
joy in serving Jesus. 

What about you? 

Outreach is the task of all 
believers. Some, who are called to 
be pastors, will present a clear 
vision for sharing the faith and 
will model an outreach lifestyle. 
Some, who are called to church 
planting, will make special com- 
mitments to extend the faith 
among those who are not yet 
believers in our saving Lord Jesus. 
Some, who may think of them- 
selves as "only a lay person," will 
hear God's call to discover their 
spiritual gifts and abilities and use 
them to serve Him where they now 
live and work. 

You fit into one of those three 
roles. How is God calling you? [f] 

Pastors wear many hats. Per- 
haps their most important task 
is giving the local church 
vision and focus for ministry. 

Sometimes we equate attend- 
ance at board and committee 
meetings with "doing ministry" 
when, in fact, little ministry 
happens in such meetings. . . . 
When we entrust decision- 
making to fewer persons, many 
are freed to touch the hearts 
and lives of other people. 

Identifying our gifts, we dis- 
cover how richly God has 
blessed us. And offering those 
gifts back to Him in service, 
we discover true joy in serving 

I TOOK my six-year-old daughter, 
Rebekah, to see an allergist in 
January. Before we went, I told 
her a little about what would hap- 
pen there in order to prepare her 
mentally and emotionally for the 

When we arrived at the office, 
we talked with the allergist a few 
minutes. Then Rebekah laid down 
on her stomach on the examination 
table, and the allergist put some 
drops on her back. Then the aller- 
gist proceeded to prick Rebekah's 
skin 51 times. Fifty-one times on 
her back! And you know how sen- 
sitive the skin on your back is. 

When the allergist finished that 
test, she took seven syringes and 
injected fluid under the skin on 
Rebekah's forearms. Rebekah cried, 
and I had tears in my eyes as well. 
This whole process took a couple of 

Why did I allow this? 

Why did I subject my daughter 
to this? Don't I love her? Didn't I 
care that she would have to suffer 
so much pain? What kind of father 
would not only allow this to hap- 
pen, but would make the arrange- 
ments and take his daughter to the 
place where it would occur? He 
sounds like a pretty cruel father, 
doesn't he? 

In our lives, it sometimes seems 
as if we, too, are lying on our 
stomachs while Satan is poking 
and pricking our backs to see if we 
will react. And all the time we may 
be thinking, "What's going on? 

Rev. Hardesty is pastor of the New 
Paris, Indiana, First Brethren Church. 


A Human Lesson About 
Divine Compassion 

By Brad Hardesty 

Doesn't God care? What kind of 
Father would allow this?" 

What kind of Father is God? 

In Psalm 103:13-14, David tells 
us what kind of Father we have. 
He writes, "As a father has com- 
passion on his children, so the 
Lord has compassion on those who 
fear him; for he knows how we are 
formed, he remembers that we are 
dust" (Niv). 

Does God care? Yes, He does! He 
has the same kind of compassion 
for us that we who are parents 
have for our children. 

When Rebekah was having the 
skin-prick test, she first reacted to 
the pricks by wincing. Then her 
face turned red. As the skin pricks 
continued, she yelled, "Ouch!" And 
then the tears welled up in her 

Throughout the whole proce- 
dure, I held her little hand. But 
she didn't just hold my hand, she 
grasped it. With every skin prick 
she clenched it anew. 

Throughout this whole ordeal, I 
never let go of Rebekah's hand. How 
cruel I would have been if I had let 
go! And I never stopped looking 
into her eyes as they filled with 
tears. My hand and my eyes were 
telling her, "I'm here. I'm with you. 
I won't leave you and let you go 
through this alone." 

In my compassion, I even wanted 
to endure the pain for her. But I 
knew that I couldn't. One thing 
was sure, however; I was not going 
to leave her alone, because I care 
for my daughter very much. 

As a father has compassion on 
his children, so the Lord has com- 

passion on you when you're hurt- 
ing. He holds your hand. He holds 
you close. He looks deep into your 
eyes and says, "I'm not leaving 
you. I know it hurts, and I'm here." 

The Lord's compassion for us is 
like the compassion a mother feels 
for her newborn child. Mothers, do 
you remember your newborn 
babies? Do you remember rocking 
them? walking them? Perhaps you 
even drove them around in the car 
when they couldn't sleep or were 
suffering from colic. You soothed 
them with your gentle words. 
Maybe you sang to them. (I can 
remember spending many eve- 
nings singing to an audience of 
one.) When you had to take them 
out into the cold, you dressed them 
warmly — wrapping them in a 
cocoon of blankets to protect them 
from the rough elements. 

Our heavenly Father is just as 
gentle and loving. He, too, sings to 
us with songs of love and en- 
couragement. He sings when we 
see the first robin of spring. He 
sings through the snow when it 
comes down in big fluffy flakes. He 
sings to us through a beautiful 
starlit night sky. And we hear His 
song as we are in the presence of 
friends, family, and His own gentle 
Spirit when we are in pain. 

Why is God so compassionate? 

Why does God show us so much 
compassion? It is because "he knows 
how we are formed, he remembers 
that we are dust." Who but God 
would remember that we are dust? 
It was He who took the dust of the 
ground, made it into a clay doll, and 
blew into it the breath of life. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"As a father has compassion on his children, so the Lord has com- 
passion on you when you're hurting. . . . He looks deep into your 
eyes and says, 'I'm not leaving you. I know it hurts, and I'm here.' 

But David isn't just talking about 
our physical form. This verse 
speaks of every part of us. God 
knows how each of us is made 
mentally and emotionally. He 
knows how we react to pain and 
suffering. He knows how confused 
we can get when pain and suffer- 
ing come our way. And He cares. 

When Rebekah was going through 
her skin-prick test, I could see in 
her eyes that she wanted to cry. 
But she didn't want to embarrass 
herself in front of the person doing 
the testing. So I whispered to her, 
"It's okay, honey, go ahead and 
cry." The tears came immediately, 
and she cried hard. 

Had I not given her permission 
to cry, she might have kept all that 
emotion inside, unable to express 
the hurt she was feeling. But I 
know how my daughter is formed, 
and out of compassion for her, I 
gave her the permission she 
needed to express her pain and 
frustration through her tears. By 
telling her to cry, I was saying that 
she wasn't going to embarrass her- 
self and that we wouldn't think 
any less of her for crying. I was 
assuring her that I loved her nc 
matter what. 

Is it all right for us to cry? 

Do you think God ever says to 
us, "Go ahead and cry"? I think he 
does. I believe that when we're suf- 
fering, He's already crying for us. 
He has felt the pain we feel. He 
knows the confusion and frustra- 
tion we feel. And just in case some 
of you men think that it's not 
"manly" to cry, let me remind you 
that the manliest person ever to 
live, Jesus Christ, wept openly at 
the death of His friend and over 
the unbelief of His people. 

To say that God cares "for he 
knows how we are formed" is the 
understatement of the ages. He 
cares because He felt our pain. He 
was frail as we are frail. For about 
33 years He experienced what we 
experience, gaining a depth of un- 

derstanding we can never fully ap- 

He knows how we compromise 
when we're faced with tough 
choices. He knows how confusing 
life can get when we think that God 
isn't paying attention, for He Him- 
self cried, "My God, my God, why 
have you forsaken me?" He knows 
how it feels to be deserted; how it 
feels when adoration turns to 
hatred. He knows. And He cares. 

When Rebekah was crying, I 
wanted to grab her off that table 
and hold her close. I wanted to 
shout, "Stop it! You're hurting my 
daughter!" But I didn't. I allowed 
the painful testing to proceed, all 
the while comforting and soothing 
Rebekah with my touch and my 
words. I knew that the testing 
would yield results that would 
help her be the best Rebekah she 
can be. I knew that the pain, 
though intense at the time, would 
pass, and that she would be a bet- 
ter person for having endured it. 

It seems strange to say it, but I 
cared enough for my little girl that 
I allowed a total stranger to hurt 
her for more than two hours be- 
cause I knew that the future 
benefits of the testing would, in 
the long run, far outweigh the pain 
of the present. Even though my 
heart was breaking to see her suf- 
fer, I allowed it. 

Does God care? When Satan is 
poking at us and our life circum- 
stances are painful, does God care? 
I believe He cares more about our 
suffering than we care about the 
suffering of our children. He cares 
in ways we can't begin to fathom. 
His heart breaks just as our hearts 
break when our children are hurt- 
ing or confused. He longs to pull us 
up on His lap and comfort us. He 
longs to gather us to Himself as a 
hen gathers her chicks under her 
wings. He longs to show us His 
compassion, a compassion that 
surpasses any other we have ever 
known. [f] 



Me Cares 

Oh, wonderful story of deathless love; 
Each child is dear to that Heart above. 
He fights for me when I cannot fight, 
He comforts me in the gloom of night, 
He lifts the burden, for he is strong, 
He stills the sigh and awakes the song; 
The sorrow that bows me down he bears, 
And loves and pardons, because he cares. 

Let all who are sad take heart again; 
We are not alone in our hours of pain; 
Our Father stoops from his throne above 
To soothe and quiet us with his love. 
He leaves us not when the storm is high, 
And we have safety, for he is nigh. 
Can it be trouble that he doth share? 
Oh, rest in peace, for the Lord doth care! 
Susan Coolidge, 1845-1905 








: : : x 




March 1993 

A CATHEDRAL in Milan, Italy, 
features a remarkable en- 
trance in which you pass through 
three doors in succession. Each 
door has an arch with an inscrip- 
tion on it. Over the first door, 
stone-etched and wreathed in 
roses, it says, "All which pleases is 
but for a moment." The second arch 
pictures a cross with the engrav- 
ing, "All which troubles is but for a 
moment." The climax comes with 
the third and largest doorway into 
the sanctuary. The inscription 
reads, "That only is important 
which is eternal."* 

How do we plug into that "which 
is eternal"? How do we begin to 
focus on what is important and 
stick with it? 

What we need to ask is, "What 
does God want us to regard as life's 
highest priorities?" 

The problem is that no single 
passage of scripture spells out a 
list of priorities. Paul's statements 
in Philippians 3 come close. Jesus' 
prayer in John 17 offers more in- 
sight into God's mind. But I think, 
ultimately, we have to take the 

'Read in the December 1979 issue of 
Our Daily Bread. 

Mr. Littleton is a free-lance writer 
who lives in Hunt Valley, Md. 

This article was adapted by the au- 
thor from his book, Escapting the Time 
Crunch, published in 1990 by Moody 


Heavenly Priorities 
For Our Walk on Earth 

By Mark R. Littleton 

whole tenor of scripture, seeking 
to boil it all down to a few clear 
issues about what God considers 

I see at least five priorities in the 
life of Jesus, the teaching of Paul, 
and the rest of scripture. 

1. Worship 

John MacArthur, in his book by 
the same title (Moody Press, 1983), 
calls worship "The Ultimate 
Priority." The Great Command- 
ment to love God with all one's 
heart, soul, mind, and might is a 
call to worship. Jesus told the 
woman at the well that God seeks 
worshipers who will worship Him 
"in spirit and truth" (Jn. 4:22-24). 
God's eyes rove throughout the 
earth looking for people "whose 
hearts are fully committed to him" 
(2 Chron. 16:9). He intends to sup- 
port them. 

Clearly, worship is a top priority 
item. More importantly, it's pos- 
sible to make nearly everything in 
life an act of worship — from play- 
ing softball to enjoying a New York 
strip steak to a pause on the sub- 
way to give thanks. If we take 
Paul's words in 1 Thessalonians 
5:16-18 seriously, we will 
rejoice always, 
pray without ceasing, 
and give thanks in everything 
as a pattern of life. That is the es- 
sence of worship. 

Obedience is a part of worship as 
well. Any way in which we're con- 
sciously obeying Him on the basis 
of His word qualifies as an act of 
worship. That ranges from doing a 
good job at work to your attitude 
as you put the dishes into the dish 

In effect, given the right attitude 
and mind-set, we can worship God 

throughout the whole day. Even 
sleep can be an act of worship as 
we "rest in the Lord." 

Of course, all those hard-won 
habits of Bible memorization, 
Bible study, prayer, having a quiet 
time, special study, family wor- 
ship, and so on add minutes of our 
days to the living out of this 
priority. Knowing and learning of 
God becomes something we do as 
naturally as breathing. 

I'm not trying to stretch it here. 
But the truth is that if worship is 
God's priority, it can be our prior- 
ity too. It's a matter of attitude 
and effort. 

2. The Development 

of Character 

This second priority relates to 
sanctification and the development 
of holiness in our lives. As Paul 
told the Thessalonians, God's will 
is "your sanctification" (1 Thess. 
4:3). God orders all the events of 
our lives in order to develop us in 
holiness and character. He gives 
us opportunities to serve and to do 
good works. He puts us through 
trials and tribulations. It is all de- 
signed to "conform us to the image 
of Christ" (Rom. 8:29). 

In the matter of time, our 
priority is submission to God's 
plan to make us holy. When we un- 
derstand that He who started "a 
good work in us" is bringing it to 
completion in Christ (Phil. 1:6), we 
can relax. 

It's more important how we react 
and live than how much we make 
and do. Making a million dollars 
before age 40 isn't the issue; how 
we use the ten we have is. Reach- 
ing the top of the ladder at our 
company matters little; but the in- 
tegrity with which we conduct 

The Brethren Evangelist 

business cuts ice with God. Hurtling 
through the house doing the dusting, 
washing, vacuuming, and ironing in six 
hours flat doesn't touch heaven unless 
your heart "sang and made melody to 
the Lord" and you "gave thanks" in all 
things to the Lord (Eph. 5:19-20). 

3. Discipleship 

Jesus' last command to the 120 was 
to "make disciples" (Matt. 28:19). Yet, 
how many Christians come even close 
to making one disciple in their lifetime, 
let alone disciples? 

Yet, this is a top priority item in 
God's outlook. This priority includes all 
the other elements of preaching the 
word and leading people to Christ. 

The time crunch in this area is as- 
tounding. Christians spend their time 
in the big splash: big socials, big sem- 
inars; big congregations; big Sunday 
school classes. But big-ness clearly isn't 

Jesus did not spend most of His time 
with the 5,000 men who were fed, or 
even the 72 who went out to evangelize. 
Rather, His priority was twelve men. 
Within the twelve there were three — 
James, John, and Peter — into whom 
Jesus poured His life. But with those 
men, Jesus turned the world upside 

If time management is the issue of 
"achieving maximum results in min- 
imum time," as Ted Engstrom has said 
in The Work Trap, then discipleship ex- 
ceeds the results. You get greater 
results by concentrating on less. 

4. Meeting Real Needs 

This principle sounds a little strange 
at first, but it's the priority of serving 
and loving your neighbor as yourself. 
Giving your attention to the real needs 
of what J. Grant Howard calls "your 
significant neighbors" — your family, 
church, immediate house neighbors, 
and coworkers — is important in God's 
eyes. This means helping people 
wherever they may be. 

I say "real" needs because there are 
many people who have needs which are 
simply desires, preferences, or demands. 
They're not "real" matters of spiritual 

March 1993 

growth, personal health, and survival. 
Meeting "real" needs calls for the ut- 
most in spiritual discernment. 

One friend I interviewed for this 
article told me, "The area of ministry 
(study and people time) has always 
been a challenge for me to avoid becom- 
ing overwhelmed. I am learning to 
block out specific time (on my calendar) 
each week for study and to make one, 
maybe two, dates to be with people in 
need or in relationship building. In the 
last six months one of these has been 
for 'hospice' volunteer work, so I can be 
with the unsaved." 

It just so happens that this same per- 
son found time to disciple me as a 
young "long-hair hippie radical" more 
than seventeen years ago. The effects of 
her work are still with me. 

But beyond discipleship, she was al- 
ways a ready source of help, counsel, 
friendship, and love. I remember many 
times simply walking over to her house 
for a "chat," breaking in on her day at 
any point. She always had time for me. 

5. Quality of Work 

Again, this one didn't come to me 
easily. But I have recently been learn- 
ing as a writer the value of qualitative 
versus quantitative work. Quality lasts. 
Often the things produced in quantity 
are out in a corner in the garage! 

When God said, "It is good," after 
each of the seven creative days, He was 
commenting on quality. But don't let 
the word good deceive you. In our day, 
good "ain't so hot." But in Hebrew 
terminology, good was the ultimate 

Our priority should be to do "good" 
works, to speak "good" words, to think 
"good" thoughts. Quality is paramount. 
Shoddiness is the easy route. Slipshod 
is simple. But to produce something 
that lasts and has true eternal value is 
a double achievement. 

These five priorities can become a 
concrete guideline for us in the walk of 
everyday life. As we live them out and 
fulfill them in the nip and tuck of the 
daily struggle, we not only accomplish 
God's ends, but we reap God's rewards: 
joy, refreshment, power. [f] 

"The Great Command- 
ment to love God with 
all one's heart, soul, 
mind, and might is a 
call to worship. " 

"It's more important 
how we react and live 
than how much we 
make and do. Making 
a million dollars before 
age 40 isn't the issue; 
how we use the ten 
we have is." 

"Giving your attention 
to the real needs of . . . 
'your significant neigh- 
bors' — your family, 
church, immediate 
house neighbors, and 
coworkers — is impor- 
tant in God's eyes. 
This means helping 
people wherever they 
may be. " 


Getting a Greeter Program Started 

By Carolyn Copeland 

Receiving a friendly smile and a warm 
greeting when entering a church is im- 
portant not only to visitors, but also to 
those who attend regularly. But getting 
people to serve as greeters is sometimes 
difficult. Carolyn Copeland offers the 
following suggestions for "Getting a 
Greeter Program Started " 

FOUR YEARS AGO, when I ac- 
cepted the challenge of evangelism 
chairperson for our church, one of the 
first programs the pastor and I 
developed was the Sunday morning 
greeter program. The greeter program 
was initiated to help welcome visitors, 
but it also became a blessing to the en- 
tire congregation. 

The ministry was announced in the 
church newsletter as one in which 
everyone could participate. We mainly 
sought adult greeters, although we al- 
lowed children to greet with their par- 
ents. Youth classes occasionally made 
greeting a class project. 

Enlisting greeters 

Enlisting greeters was no easy task at 
first. I started calling people as they 
were listed in the church directory and 
asked if they would greet during certain 
months. I did this at least two weeks 
before the first Sunday of each month. If 
people were reluctant to commit for a 
whole month, I asked if they would be 
willing to greet for one Sunday in the 
month. And since we have two services, 
I asked if they preferred early or late 
service and which location — education 
wing or foyer. The four greeters needed 
each Sunday sometimes were singles, 
couples, or whole families. 

Sunday afternoon was a good time to 
telephone people, because they had just 
returned from church and were more 
receptive. I never insisted that a member 
take a turn. I asked those who declined 
if I could call them another time. Some 
said flatly, "It's not my thing!" Others 
said, "Not now. Call me later." 

I enjoyed talking to those who said, 
"Yes, we'll be glad to serve. Put us 
down for the whole month." People oc- 
casionally told me how much they en- 
Mrs. Copeland is a free-lance writer 
who lives in Phoenix, Arizona 


joyed the experience. I made a mental 
note of those members. 

I jotted notes beside the names of 
people who asked to be called later as 
well as those who refused (some people 
work on Sundays or have other reasons 
for not serving). I soon learned who in 
our 250-member congregation would 
help with the greeter program. 

Reminding greeters 

I gave written reminders to the 
greeters a week before they were to 
serve. I either gave the reminders to 
them in church on the Sunday prior to 
their service, or else I mailed the 
reminders on Monday. The reminders 
included where and when the greeters 
were to serve, as well as special instruc- 
tions when needed. 

After members had served one or 
more times, I replaced the notices with 
phone calls. Only new greeters received 
written notes containing special instruc- 
tions. The evangelism committee sent 
thank-you notes to greeters after they 

I kept a greeter chart at home and at 
church, which made the second year 
easier. When I contacted people I could 
say, "You greeted last [name of month]. 
Can I count on you to greet again in 
[name of month]?" Most greeters volun- 
teered for a whole month the second 
year. In fact, many of them eventually 
began signing the greeter chart without 
being asked, and I only had to solicit 

Tips for Greeters 

1. Dress appropriately and look your 
best. You represent the church and 
the Lord. 

2. Arrive 15 to 20 minutes before the 

3. Stand erect. Do not lean against a 
doorway or table, and don't block 

4. Smile and offer your hand in greet- 
ing, but do not force people to shake 

5. Make people feel welcome. Intro- 
duce visitors to a few people (but 
don't overwhelm them by introducing 
them to too many). 

6. Remember that your work is impor- 
tant. You are serving the Lord. 

— Carolyn Copeland 

greeters occasionally. 
Greeting had become a 
pleasure rather than a 
chore for many of the 

Members attended 
more faithfully during the months they 
greeted. Most were there every Sunday. 
The greeter coordinators, however, al- 
ways must be prepared to substitute. 

Instructing greeters 

Our requirements for greeters were 
pretty sketchy the first year. We asked 
them to arrive 15-20 minutes before 
services started, to smile, and to be 
friendly and helpful. They were asked to 
greet everyone who came into the church 
— either with a handshake or just a 
smile and a pleasant "good morning." 
We also told them to ask visitors to sign 
the guest book and to direct them to a 
Sunday school class or the sanctuary. 

Greeters are urged to learn one new 
name each Sunday. If greeters do not 
know a person, they ask, "Are you a 
member? I don't believe I know your 
name. I am [greeter gives her or his own 
name]." If approached in this way, most 
people will say whether or not they are 
members and give their names. Some 
members or regular attenders resent 
being asked if they are visitors by 
greeters who don't know them. 

Our church became more friendly as 
members learned one another's names. 
Greeters' names were printed in the 
bulletins and newsletter and on their 
badges. Some greeters began telling 
members who were absent the previous 
week how much they were missed. This 
practice frequently uncovered family ill- 
nesses and other special needs, which 
were reported to the pastor. 

Greeter programs are usually success- 
ful if greeter coordinators faithfully 
enlist greeters, remind them of their 
commitments, and thank them for serv- 
ing. Remind greeters of Romans 15:7 — 
"Welcome one another, therefore, as 
Christ has welcomed you, for the glory 
of God" (rsv). [|] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Hnt < ywmayis OtjCtioot^O^ 

CA publication, tiftke ^rethrew Woman's (Missionary Sodtttf 

March-April 1993 

Volume 6, Number 4 

ihc "presidents ^en 

Dear Ladies, 

I read a story in an issue of Our 
Daily Bread about a mother who be- 
came very frustrated by the behavior 
of her small boy. She told him again 
and again to sit down, but he refused 
to obey. Finally, in exasperation, she 
plopped him into a chair and insisted 
that he stay put or else. Her threat 
must have been convincing, because 
after that he didn't budge an inch. But 
the lad wasn't about to surrender that 
easily. With a determined look on his 
face, he piped up, "I may be sitting 
down on the outside, but I'm standing 
up on the inside!" 

This describes how some people 
serve Christ. They go through the 
motions of religious activity, but their 
hearts are not in it. They never realize 
that, if they would surrender to the 
will of God, they would experience a 
peace and contentment they had never 
known. It is exciting to know that 
when we serve the Lord with all our 
hearts, He watches over us and 
protects us with His love. There is 
truly great joy and satisfaction in serv- 
ing Jesus. I pray that our outward ac- 
tions express our inward attitude of 
thankfulness to God and a sincere 
desire to do "that good and acceptable, 
and perfect will of God" (Romans 12:2). 

In January, Jim and I visited the 
Brethren Church of the Savior in 
Cleveland. Ron Williams is the pastor. 
It was a special day for Ron and 
Karolyn, as they were honored by the 
church for their 10 years of pastoring 
the church. 

What an experience to attend one of 
their services! They are genuine in 
their love and devotion to Jesus 
Christ. You feel the excitement the 
moment you step into the church. They 
show on the outside what they feel on 
the inside. 

Are we excited about being a mem- 
ber of WMS? Do we show this excite- 
ment to the women of our church? I'm 
afraid I have not done as much as I 
could to encourage women to become a 
(continued on page 2) 


Devotions presented at General Conference, August 4, 1992, 

by Norma Trump 

Text: "But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands 
of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; 
whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting. " Micah 5:2 

My, what a busy day we have had! I 
can't remember when the traffic has 
been so heavy. It's been like this for 
several days. I wonder where everyone 
is coming from. 

I know where they are going. You 
know the ruler, Caesar Augustus, 
decreed that this was the year for the 
census and everyone has to go back 
home to register. My husband has an 
inn in Bethlehem, a few miles south of 
Jerusalem, so we have had traffic com- 
ing and going. That census idea sure 
works well for us! 

Believe me, it keeps me busy — 
cleaning the rooms and cooking meals. 
And everyone has animals to be 
bedded down, so then the stable has to 
be cleaned. What a life! 

But I must tell you about yesterday. 
Crowds kept coming down the road 
and late in the day the rooms were fill- 
ing up and I was busy fixing the eve- 
ning meal. It wasn't long before I 
heard my husband telling people at 
the gate that all our rooms were filled. 
That was always a good sound — I 
imagined the coins received from the 
night's guests. Maybe I could go shop- 
ping soon, I certainly needed some 
things. At least, I think I need them, 
though he doesn't think so. 

My husband's persistence at the 
gate jolted me back from day-dreaming 
about shopping. I plainly heard him 
say, "Well, I guess you can sleep in the 
barn." What? I peeked out the doorway 
in time to see a weary-looking man 
leading a donkey down the rough path 
to the barn. As if that wasn't enough, 
a woman was on the donkey, and I 
could tell she was really pregnant! She 
looked so tired. 

At least the barn had been cleaned, 
but our animals were there. I didn't 
think it was any decent place for 
people to sleep. And that poor woman. 

I hoped the ride hadn't been hard on 

I finished our supper chores and 
thought I should check on our "guests" 
in the barn. I wondered how much my 
husband charged for that "guest" 
room. As I stepped out into the cool 
night, the sky had burst with light and 
a quietness was in the air. I stood 
amazed and overcome with shock. 
What was happening? 

Adjusting to the brightness, I 
stepped carefully down the rough path 
and looked into the barn. If I hadn't 
seen it myself, I wouldn't believe it! 
There sat that woman holding a new- 
born baby and her husband was kneel- 
ing beside them. And the baby was so 
cute! But his clothes — no fancy baby 
clothes. He was wrapped in only some 
soft cloths. The father smiled; the 
mother was radiant. Actually, so was 
the baby. The animals looked, but 
stayed in the background. 

I could see that the young family 
had everything under control, so I 
started back to the inn. The sky now 
was so bright; I am sure I could see 
angels. And they sang: 

Glory to God in the highest, and on 
earth, peace, good will toward men. 

Later in the evening shepherds 
came from up in the hills; they were 
scraungy-looking and smelled of their 
animals, but their faces were bright in 
anticipation. They exclaimed that they 
heard the angels' song. 

I remembered Micah's prophecy that 
out of Bethlehem will come one who 
will be ruler over Israel (Micah 5:2); 
and Isaiah said it, too. In our barn! 

If only we had known, we would 
have .... 

Prayer: God, help me to make room 
for you in my life. Every day. In my. 
life. Amen. 



Tim and Jan Eagle and Todd and 
Tracy Ruggles have now relocated in 
Mexico and are attending a language 
school outside Mexico City. All is going 
well in their new locale. Their address 
until May 7 is: 

Cuauhnahuac Es. C.I.C.L. 

Attn: (Eagles) or (Ruggles) 

Apdo. Postal 5-26 

62051 Cuemavaca, Morelos 

Around the world from Mexico, 
David and Jenny Loi have moved to 
begin a ministry in another area of 
Malaysia. Their new address is: 

David and Jenny Loi Lee-Hoot 

2-B Jalan Ronggang 2 

Taman Skudai Baru 

81300 Skudai, Johor 

And continuing to India, girls have 
moved into their new orphanage. 
Remember we WMS ladies are giving 
funds to the National Missionary 
Board for the purchase of this proper- 
ty. This is the second year for the 
project and offerings will be received 
in August for the completion of this 
gift. Pray for the Kumars and the girls 
who live in this home. 

The Springboro congregation plans 
to be in their new church facility by 
May 1. Pray for Pastor Archie Nevins 
and the congregation as they finish 
this phase of the work and seek God's 
leading for continued ministry. 

The President's Pens (continued) 

part of our WMS. It is so easy to get 
busy with our daily responsibilities 
and, before we know it, it is time for 
our monthly meeting and we have not 
invited that person we were planning 
to invite. Let's promise to work harder 
at gaining new members this year. 

What has your WMS done with No. 
9 of our ABC's? My circle at Park 
Street has sent letters to sponsors of 
TV programs that promote a lot of 
violence. We have also written letters 
commending broadcasting companies 
for airing programs that are good fami- 
ly programs. One of our members feels 
we need to let the TV stations know 
when something "good" is televised. 
We plan to continue this during the 
year. What has your local WMS done? 
Let me know, please. 

Until next time, God bless you as we 
work together to serve Christ. 

In Christian love, 
Shirley Black 

ffct Memorum 

Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death 
of his saints. Psalm 116:11 


January 30, 1910 — December 5, 1992 

Many of us knew and loved Mar- 
garet. She hosted hundreds annually, 
some were visitors and others were 
workers. Each one received the same 
warm reception, her hearty laugh, 
delicious food, love, and the realization 
of why she was serving in southeast- 
ern Kentucky. 

Marl in and Alice Oburn Garber are 
among the hundreds who worked with 
Margaret. Marlin, Ken Green, and Jim 
Sluss were sponsored by the Mission 
Board in the summer of 1965. Alice 
(from the Pleasant Hill, Ohio, Breth- 
ren Church) was a Crusader for six 
summers and several spring-breaks 
from college. Alice's mother, Ada 
Oburn, worked with Margaret, also. 
Marlin and Alice now reside in Salida, 
California, and Ada has moved recent- 
ly to be near them. The Garbers wrote 
this tribute, which speaks for all of us. 

Angel of mercy 


Margaret lived her life faithfully, 
serving her Lord and Master in such a 
selfless way that her mighty example 
will live on in the memories of all 
those who knew her and were priv- 
ileged to work with her. Her whole- 
hearted commitment and undaunted 
dedication to God's word and the peo- 
ple of Krypton and Perry County were 

Margaret faithfully ministered to 
the entire community in the spiritual, 
emotional, intellectual, and physical 
realms. She was always available and 
tirelessly answered the numerous calls 
for assistance as the folks came to her. 

It is impossible to think of Margaret 
without recalling her gracious hos- 
pitality and exquisite culinary skills. 
The many Brethren who passed through 

Krypton Bible Center experienced the 
results of this. She also used her talent 
in this area to teach health and nutri- 
tion to the folks in the Appalachian 

It was a privilege and blessing to 
work with her and to learn from her 
examples of promptness, organization, 
a joyous spirit, and a disciplined life. 

When the time comes that we are 
left with memories, we are blessed to 
have memories of a servant like Mar- 
garet. Memories that spur us to 
greater service in the time we have left 
here on earth. We thank God for Mar- 
garet and her ministry. 


I hope all of you are working on your 
quilt squares for future projects. 
Here's a review of the guidelines: 

• Please make the squares at least 8l/$> 
inches square. 

• The design should be less than 8 
inches and centered on the square. 

• All-cotton fabric is preferable. 

• No liquid embroidery or fabric paints, 
please. The quality of the quilted 
items is enhanced by the needlework, 
embroidery, applique, cross stitch, etc. 

• Please have all squares to me by 
April 1. 

• If you have any questions, ideas, or 
suggestions concerning the quilt 
squares or quilt projects, please feel 
free to contact me. 

God bless you. 
Joan Merrill 
9300 S. SR 3 
Muncie, Indiana 47302 
(317) 289-2384 


Published bimonthly in January, 
March, May, July, September, and 
November by the Woman's Missionary 
Society of The Brethren Church. 

Mrs. Dorman Ronk, Editor 

1325 Carriage Hill Court 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Subscription price, $7.50 per year in 

Send all subscriptions to Mrs. Robert 
Kroft, 608 Twp. Road 1151, RD 5, Ash- 
land, OH 44805 

Woman's Outlook Newsletter 

district goings 





From the Penn- 
sylvania District, 
Jane Yoder, 

Sarver con- 
ducted a soup sale and netted $207; 
packed Thanksgiving food boxes for 
five families. 

Pleasant View began the year with 
four new members; they sell napkins 
and have plans for a soup sale. They 
are in prayer to see what the Lord has 
in store for them this year. 

Valley had a bake sale with a profit 
of $210 and they sold 2-year calendars. 
They cleaned the church fellowship 
hall in preparation for a Learning Cen- 
ter for the younger children. 

From North 
Georgetown, Ohio, 
Carolyn Brandon 
wrote of the activities 
of the Carrie Stoffer 

Under the leader- 
ship of our President, Arlene Raber, 
we are sewing for the Flora Brethren 
Home at our meetings every other 
month. We have completed 12 lap 
robes at this time. We also send 
monthly offerings to Lost Creek, Ken- 
tucky, and clothes with Rev. Low- 
master twice a year. We have sent 
money to Concerned Women of 
America to fight the homosexual bill 
before the Senate. 

In October we spent two days baking 
apple dumplings to sell for our project 
offering for the girls' orphanage in 
India. In September we had a white 
elephant auction to pay our dues. 

Since David and Diane Kerner were 
our pastor and wife while preparing 
for missionary service at the Ashland 
Seminary, we sent them money for 
their Christmas shopping. We also 
helped a young widow with 3 young 
sons at Christmas. 

It is our hope and prayer to see a 
new younger group begin in the future. 

Reports have come 
from the two socie- 
ties in Milledgeville, 

The Brethren Bea- 
cons enjoyed an all- 
day sewing in Jan- 
uary combined with 
their devotional 
meeting. Margaret 
Graehling gave devo- 
tions and Marion 
Haugh, using a chalkboard, explained 
the study "Attainable Peace." Lucile 

March-April 1993 

Woessner read Wonderful Peace with 
piano accompaniment by Marion, and 
Lenora Blummer read Seeking Peace. 
Their sewing projects included lap 
robes, stuffed animals, and repairing 
clothing brought from a nursing home. 

The Priscilla Circle gave the worship 
service at the Good Samaritan nursing 
home in December. Doretta Newen- 
dyke gave special music; Betty Wier- 
sema and Malynda Hutchison read the 
Scriptures; Wendy Wiersema read 
poetry; and Melva Staples gave the 
message on "The Other Wiseman." 

The Central District project is to 
provide funds for the purchase of 
sewing machines for the India or- 
phanage. These two societies have 
combined efforts for raising funds for 
the project. 


The ladies of the Wabash Church 
were hostesses for the southern In- 
diana district rally in October. Phyllis 
Meyer reported: 

The theme of the day was "The 
Light of the World is Jesus," based on 
John 8:12. That was also the hymn of 
the day. Mary Ellen Miller from Roann 
gave the devotions; Martha Barker 
from North Manchester and Melissa 
Snyder gave special music. The guest 
speaker was Jackie Weaver, who spoke 
and showed several of her drawings. 
As the project offerings were received, 
one from each society told of its ac- 
complishments during the year. The 
project offering totaled $432.64. 


The three societies (Faith, Hope, 
Joy) at Ashland Park Street combined 
for their public service last June. Fol- 
lowing a fellowship supper of sand- 
wiches and fruit, Shirley Black wel- 
comed members and guests. Norma and 
Ron Waters gave testimonies for WMS; 
Norma, as a member for many years, 
told of the benefits she receives and 
her opportunities to give. Ron, never a 
member, spoke from the denomina- 
tional standpoint and the worthy con- 
tributions the national Woman's 
Missionary Society makes to the 
denomination. Through its offerings to 
both home and world missions, the 
Seminary, the University, and through 
prayer and personnel, the WMS is a 
strong force in The Brethren Church. 

Special music was sung by Ella Mae 
Johnson (Judi Gentle's mother), who 
was visiting from Santa Cruz, Cal- 

Bobbi Gilmer introduced the speak- 
er, Jan Rinehart, who spoke of her ex- 
periences as a Fulbright Scholar in 
Egypt and Israel during the summer of 
1991. For six weeks, Jan was one of 17 
American educators who lived among 
the people in Egypt and Israel, ate and 
traveled with them. It was primarily 
an academic tour but among the 17 
were two conservative Christians who 
saw prophecy being fulfilled rapidly, 
and "It was exciting." Jan was dressed 
in a gabalaya, an Egyptian dress that 
the young ladies wear. It was a white 
cotton sheath with beautiful cording 
and exquisite embroidery. Jan has 
many mementoes which she uses in 
her classroom for a very practical ap- 
plication of world events. 

Incidentally, Jan is available to 
speak for other groups. You may con- 
tact her at 1362 Hillcrest, Ashland, 
Ohio 44805 (419-289-0033). 

Jennifer Keyes, vice president of the 
Mexico, Indiana, society reported on 
their public service, held October 4. 

Janie Hattery, president, gave a 
brief history of WMS and told of the 
local society's projects. The program 
was presented by Ross and Norma 
Trump, members of the Roann Breth- 
ren Church. The Trumps presented a 
musical program, playing a variety of 
instruments and singing several songs. 
Norma told the story of Jonah from 
Mrs. Jonah's point of view. The 
Trumps are available also for services. 
Contact them at Route 1, Box 186, 
North Manchester, Indiana 46962. The 
society celebrated their 100th anniver- 
sary and displayed old Outlooks and 
programs, in addition to the 
secretary's books dating back to 1911. 
They concluded with a carry-in dinner. 




The Sarver society alternated day 
and evening meeting times, so those 
working were able to attend part of the 

Ten ladies from the Mexico, Indiana, 
society enjoyed their annual overnight 
trip to Nashville, Indiana, October 22- 
23. They visited the shops in Nashville 
and hiked in nearby Brown County 
State Park. 

Questions & Slnszvers 


Am I paying for the Newsletter twice 
— once with my dues and once with 
my Evangelist subscription? And, isn't 
the Newsletter more expensive, since it 
is included in the Evangelist? 

With the answers to those questions, 
JoAnn Seaman, treasurer, wrote: 

These are important questions! A 
review of our present arrangement 
and its benefits is in order. 

At the November 1990 WMS Execu- 
tive Board meeting, Ron W. Waters 
expressed his desire to have the Evan- 
gelist reach more Brethren households. 
He discovered that about 400 receive 
the Newsletter, but 750 WMS ladies do 
not receive the Evangelist. By placing 
the Newsletter in the Evangelist, The 
Brethren Church is able to reach 400 
more families. 

The WMS receives many benefits 
from the arrangement: 

(1) The Outlook Newsletter reaches 
approximately 3,000 more families 
than before. More men are reading 
and taking an interest in our ac- 
tivities. More women are learning 
"what is WMS?" We could never afford 
this type of advertising; yet we are get- 
ting it "free." 

(2) The price of our Newsletter is 
held in check. The Brethren Church 
charges us about the same as when we 
mailed our publication separately. 
Now the price could be higher, if we 
were on our own. 

(3) We have more usable space in 
our Newsletter, since we do not have to 
leave room for the mailing label. 

Let's also review how our dues are 
used. They underwrite much more 
than the Outlook Newsletter. When 
you pay your dues, you also finance: 

(1) the WMS Devotional Guide, 

(2) Conference/Administration ex- 
penses, and 

(3) part of our benevolence giving. 
The Woman's Missionary Society is 

an assistant for The Brethren Church. 
When you don't pay your dues, you 
weaken the Church's helper. When 
you do contribute, the whole church 

We should be thankful The Brethren 
Church is helping us to be wise 
stewards of God's money. It is a 
mutually beneficial situation. 

Can the time schedule be adjusted? 
We don't receive the Newsletter in time 
to use at our meeting. 

This answer is from me, the editor: 

That's right! The Devotional Guide 
is the source of material for your 
monthly meeting and the Newsletter is 
the in-between communication. Ac- 
tually, it is a "personal" letter to you 
from me, and carries news from other 
societies, information about our mis- 
sionaries, devotions, and suggestions. 
This is the supplement to news from 
your meeting. When I write the Ed- 
itor's Ending and say "Dear Friend," I 
am writing to you. 

I appreciate hearing about the op- 
portunities of service from the local 
societies and I hope their suggestions 
may be helpful to you, too. 

One of your suggestions will be 
acted upon this spring. At the May Ex- 
ecutive Board meeting, the reading 
circle books are considered and recom- 
mended. When they are included in 
the July-August Newsletter, your 
society may not be able to make its 
decision before your delegates come for 
Conference. This year I will send the 
list of suggested books to the local 
president after the May Board meet- 
ing. I hope this will alleviate a prob- 

tit liitofs hiding 

Dear Friend, 

Do you ever think of word associa- 
tion? What word leads you on to the 
next thought which may seem very un- 
related? That is how this began. 

I was mixing up a gift at Christmas- 
time and I mentally checked off 
kitchen gifts which needed to be 
prepared. I was stirring up a gift. Then 
I thought — stir up the gift. There is 
a difference. "A" means a thing in 
general, "the" means a particular 
thing. And I remembered Paul's mes- 
sage to Timothy: Stir up the gift of 
God, which is in thee by the putting on 
of my hands. II Timothy 1:6 

Paul's laying on of hands for 
Timothy's ordination and my kitchen 

have nothing in common. However, my 
kitchen is a good place for thinking! 
And I began to consider "stir up the 
gift which is in thee." These may be 
special abilities and talents, they may 
be teaching, praying, listening, hug- 
ging, writing or reading to another, lis- 
tening or crying with someone. The 
specific gift is yours to give, only you 
can do it in your unique way. So stir it 
up and make someone else happy. It is 
in giving that we receive. Or, in Jesus' 
words: Blessed are the merciful: for 
they shall obtain mercy. 

In the November-December News- 
letter, I listed three chaplains who are 
very special people. I am sorry that I 
omitted one, who is also very special. 
Please add David Graetz to your list 
for prayers and encouragement notes. 
David is an Army chaplain in a 
veterans' hospital. 

Chaplain David Graetz (Gale) 
1907 Westmoreland Way 
Louisville, KY 40242 

Some of us remember the days 
before the computer, when a person 
came to the door to count and record 
the people who resided there. Every 
ten years and all over the country, 
these counters were taking the census. 
Today's computerized records — even 
that old system — are an improvement 
over the system when Jesus was born. 
Imagine the difficulties of traveling to 
your birthplace to be counted. Norma 
Trump gave an eyewitness account, 
when she portrayed Rhoda, the inn- 
keeper's wife. Remember, this is an 
adaptation; Norma's material was 

When you think about your spring 

Consider the lilies of the field, 
how they grow; they toil not, 
neither do they spin; And yet I 
say unto you, That even 
Solomon in all his glory was 
not arrayed like one of these. 

Jesus' Sermon on the Mount in- 
cluded these words, which are 
recorded in Matthew 6, and emphasize 
the simple and lovely beauty found in 
the world. 

Dear God, keep us from being so pre- 
occupied with materialistic things that 
we miss your beauty. 

"Forgive our foolish ways. 
Reclothe us in our rightful mind, 
In purer lives Thy service find, 
In deeper reverence praise." 

Your friend, 

Woman's Outlook Newsletter 

Brethren World Missions 

The Gospel: A World Need 

— Year 101 for the Missionary Board of the Brethren Church — 

By Rev. James R. Black, Executive Director 
Missionary Board of the Brethren Church 

I BELIEVE one of the most challeng- 
ing missionary passages in the New 
Testament to be the words of the 
Apostle Paul in Romans 10: "Brothers, 
my heart's desire and prayer to God 
for the Israelites is that they might be 
saved" (Rom. 10:1, niv). What a great 
heart for evangelism this man had! 
What an extraordinary love for his 

Evangelism a low priority 

It is at best unfortunate that so many 
people who profess to be followers of 
Jesus Christ have so little desire to 
share His love with others. This seems 
to be true not only of individuals, but 
also of certain churches (congrega- 
tions) and even of some denomina- 
tions. Evangelism, especially world 
evangelism, would seem to be low on 
the list of their priorities. (I hope I'm 
not talking to you.) 

You will admit that we live in a 
world desperately in need of the gos- 
pel. We have been commissioned to 
disciple the peoples of that world 
(Matt. 28:18-20), and yet we seem to 
be ever-struggling to get the job done. 
Is it that we really do not believe in the 
lostness of humankind outside of Jesus 
Christ and His saving grace? 

I consider myself to be very for- 
tunate in that I have been privileged to 
travel a great deal and to observe first 
hand a number of cultures of this 
world. As I traveled, it soon became 
obvious to me that many things change 
from culture to culture. We find dif- 
ferences in food and in the way it is 
eaten. There are differences in the way 
we dress, in the kinds of houses we 
live in, and even in the length of 
preachers' messages. 

But while so many things are dif- 
ferent, many other things are the same. 
As one travels from culture to culture, 
country to country, one becomes 
aware that people everywhere are in 

sin and need to know the possibility of 
forgiveness. There are millions who 
fear punishment because of sin. 

Dr. K. Prasanth Kumar, Director of 
Brethren Mission in India, has said 
that in India many Hindu people are so 
afraid of sin's punishment and hell that 
they worship Satan along with their 
many other gods. They worship him to 
get on his good side just in case hell is 
real and they are lost. How tragic! 

People everywhere are discouraged, 
searching, really wanting to have a 
hope that reaches beyond this life. 
There are hurting, dying, desperate 
people for whom the promise of Jesus' 
love and forgiveness is welcome news. 
Yes, we need to do our best to feed, 
clothe, and care for the physical needs 
of hurting humanity. But we must 
never neglect to offer them hope that 
surpasses a filled stomach and healthy 
body. They need hope that goes 
beyond this human existence. 

The true source of hope 

The Christian knows where such 
hope is found. It is found not in human 
efforts; not in changing governments; 
not in war and conflict; not in great 
wealth nor in abject poverty. This hope 
is not even found in "religion." There 
are many religions. Religion is but 
mankind's search for God. Bill Hybels 
once said, "Religion is do; Christianity 
is done." The hope that matters is 
found in a person, and that person is 
Jesus Christ. 

The Brethren Church has always 
believed in the urgency of sharing the 
message of the gospel. The Missionary 
Board this year enters its 101st year of 
continuous service, having been incor- 
porated in the State of Illinois in 1892. 
It is interesting to note that in the year 
of our incorporation, the "modern mis- 
sionary movement" was celebrating its 
centennial year. William Carey 
launched his 40-year missionary career 

in the year 1792. In that year he pub- 
lished his treatise, "An Enquiry into 
the Obligations of Christians to Use 
Means for the Conversion of the 
Heathen." The chapters of that treatise 
dealt with the Great Commission, his- 
torical precedents, a world survey, 
obstacles to missions, and the 
Christian's duty to promote the cause 
of missions. This treatise is a valid 
study even for today. 

A commendable work 

For a small denomination, The 
Brethren Church has done a commend- 
able work in missions. Our influence 
has been felt in many countries of the 
world through the efforts of scores of 
missionary servants. Today, in year 
101 of our ministry, the Brethren are 
working in seven countries of the 
world outside of the United States, 
namely in Mexico, Colombia, Peru, 
Paraguay, Argentina, Malaysia, and 
India. In addition, initial steps have 
been taken to carry the message of the 
gospel through The Brethren Church 
to Japan, Korea, and Russia. 

The task before us is great, nearly 
overwhelming. But God's mandate to 
Christians continues to be to disciple 
the world. There are still unreached 
people, those who have never heard 
the gospel. We as a Brethren Church 
must find a way to become more in- 
volved in this area of the "unknown." 
We may have to work through other 
denominations or organizations, since 
we are not equipped (at least not now) 
for such endeavors. But we must not 
fear new frontiers of ministry. 

When will our Lord return? This we 
do not know. But our task will be 
finished only when He does return or 
when the entire world has been dis- 
cipled. May God grant an increase of 
commitment for each of us as together 
we strive to be faithful to His call to 
the church. [f] 

March 1993 


Brethren World Missions 

A Letter From Malaysia 

From Rev. David and Jenny Loi 
Brethren Missionaries in Malaysia 

Dear Beloved Brethren, 

Our love and greetings to you all in 
the blessed name of our wonderful 
Lord. On behalf of our family and the 
Brethren in Malaysia, we express our 
deep appreciation to all of you for 
your faithful prayer support, generous 
giving and many greeting cards and 

It is a real pleasure to write and 
share the mission work here with you 
and to know that our Lord is using us 
for His glory. Following are some of 
the major events of 1992. 

On April 21, Pastor David Chew 
had the opportunity to help with the 
funeral service of a 91 -year-old man, 
Mr. Ong, who lived just a few blocks 
from Pastor Chew's residence. He was 
a Christian from China who had no 
family members living nearby. For 
many years he lived by himself. His 
relatives requested a Christian burial 
for him. Some churches turned them 
down because the deceased was not at- 
tached to any church. Finally, they 
came to Pastor Chew for help. 

Without hesitation Pastor Chew 
agreed to take charge of the funeral 
service. That same day was the an- 
niversary of the death of Pastor Chew's 
own mother. They had a special serv- 
ice at Pastor Chew's home, and the 
funeral service/evangelistic meeting 
was arranged in the evening. About 30 
relatives and friends attended. On the 
next afternoon, another short service 
was held before the deceased was 
moved to the crematorium. Pastor 
Chew was glad that he had this oppor- 
tunity to preach the gospel to the lost. 

Another special baptism 

Mr. Ooi King-Sing is an old clothes 
and newspaper collector and salesman 
who began attending our church in the 
Ong Joo San area of Penang last April. 
He liked our church doctrine and at- 
tended our Holy Communion service 

Baptism day (May 17, 1992) for Mr. Kao Nan-Huat (center, in white baptis- 
mal robe). One week after his death on June 14, his wife (at his left) and their 
four daughters (in front of and behind their parents) were also baptized. Pastor 
David Chew and his wife Lily are at the far left in the front row. 

on April 16. He felt the service was 
very meaningful. 

In May, Ooi King-Sing called Pastor 
Chew to tell him that his brother-in- 
law, Mr. Kao Nan-Huat, wanted to ac- 
cept Christ and to be baptized. The 
next day, Pastor Chew went to meet 
Mr. Kao and his family. Though just 
42 years old, the man looked to be 60 
because he was very ill. Since he could 
not walk, Pastor Chew drove him back 
and forth to services. 

After Mr. Kao had attended three 
services, Pastor Chew arranged for 
him to be baptized on Sunday, May 
17. He was overjoyed with the baptis- 
mal service. His wife witnessed that 
she had never seen him so happy 
before, and she was touched by his 
decision. She promised that she and 
her four daughters would follow her 
husband's footsteps to receive Christ 
and be baptized in the near future. 

Following this baptism, Pastor Chew 
and other church members visited Mr. 
Kao and his family frequently. Rev. 
Chew conducted an anointing service 

for Mr. Kao in order to strengthen and 
increase the family's faith in the Lord. 
Then Mrs. Kao asked the church to 
destroy the family's idols. Pastor 
Chew and other church members spent 
some time in prayer. Then they burned 
the idols and presented the family a 
cross to replace them. Praise the Lord! 

The Lord showed mercy to Mr. Kao. 
Though continuing to feel weak, he 
didn't feel much pain. He confessed 
that receiving Christ as his personal 
savior and being baptized was one of 
his greatest blessings. On Sunday, 
June 14, he and his family attended 
our morning worship service. Then 
that afternoon Mr. Kao passed peace- 
fully away. Praise the Lord, the gospel 
message was shared with his relatives 
and friends during the funeral service! 

After the service and just before the 
burial, the relatives requested that the 
congregation sing some of the hymns 
again. Thank the Lord that only God 
and the hymns could bring peace and 
comfort to these people. 

For two nights following the burial, 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Mrs. Lily Chew stayed at the home of 
Mrs. Kao. On one of those nights, Mrs. 
Kao dreamed that her husband, dressed 
in white, came and said good-bye to 
her. She woke up afraid, and Mrs. 
Chew comforted and prayed with her. 
Mrs. Kao and her four daughters de- 
cided to be baptized on June 2 1 . There 
were some objections from their rel- 
atives, but the Lord was merciful, and 
with much prayer and the encourage- 
ment of the church, they received bap- 
tism. Praise the Lord for this victory! 

An exorcism 

On June 15 Pastor Chew's neighbor, 
Madam Kang Beng-See, asked him for 
help because her son, Yeo Eng-Han, 
was demon-possessed. All the family 
members were staunch Buddhists ex- 
cept for a sister who resided in Sing- 
apore. This sister had become a 
Christian while studying in New 
Zealand. The family had decided to ar- 
range for a Buddhist priest to perform 
the ritual to cast out the demons, but 
Madam Kang phoned her sister in Sing- 
apore for a second opinion. The sister 
thought that Christians could offer the 
best help. 

The sister, Kang Beng-Yu, flew to 
Penang and asked Pastor Chew for 
help. David and Lily Chew shared 
with them the word of God, and they 
sang hymns, and prayed together until 
2 a.m. The Chews also spent the next 
two evenings with them. Then Pastor 
Chew requested the whole family to 

fast on Sunday, June 21, and to attend 
the worship service. During that serv- 
ice, Pastor Chew laid hands on Eng- 
Han and prayed to God to cast out the 
demons. The whole family was very 
touched and thankful for what God 
had done. 

A baptism service was arranged dur- 
ing my administrative trip to Penang in 
November. Praise the Lord, Madam 
Kang Beng-See and her two children, 
Yeoh Eng-Han (16) and Yeoh Wan- 
Yee (13) were baptized during the 
morning service on November 21. I 
shared a message with the congrega- 
tion, and the baptism took place at the 
Baptist Theological Seminary beach. I 
was thrilled to be a part of the service. 

In Malaysia, the school year begins 
in December, so on December 1, 1992, 
we again opened the Ashland Kinder- 
garten at Taman Selesa Jaya. The 
kindergarten began five years ago, but 
ceased operation because of lack of 
students and other circumstances. 

During a survey, the residents of this 
area voiced a need for a kindergarten. 
So far 23 children have enrolled. The 
curriculum includes English, Chinese, 
and Malay languages, Bible stories, 
hymns, moral education, general 
knowledge, handicrafts, and outdoor 
activities. Morning tea is provided 
during recess, and grace is said before 
the snack. A few of these children also 
attend the church school which is held 
every Saturday afternoon. 

An invitation was extended to all the 

parents of the kindergarten children to 
attend our Christmas Day celebration. 
About 70 people attended this gather- 
ing, including a few of the kindergar- 
ten students and their parents. The 
Good Tidings were shared with all. 
We are hoping and praying that we 
will gradually be able to minister to 
the children and their parents, to win 
their hearts for Christ. 

A new location 

By the time you read this article, we 
will have moved to our new location. 
Our new address for future corre- 
spondence is: 2-B Jalan Ronggang 2, 
Taman Skudai Baru, Skudai, 81300 
Skudai, Johor, MALAYSIA. 

Our move to this area was influenced 
by one of my dear friends in Johor 
Baru, Rev. John Sewi. He shared with 
me his vision for Skudai and the good 
prospects for growth in this area. After 
much prayer and his persuasion, we 
decided to move to this area. We will 
try to give you more information 
regarding new developments here. 
Please support us with your prayers as 
we begin this new ministry. 

Finally, thank you again for your 
important part in the Brethren Mission 
here. May the Lord be glorified and 
His kingdom be expanded by your con- 
tinued participation in and support of 
the ministry in Malaysia. May you all 
be richly anointed with His blessings. 
Your partners in His ministry, 
David and Jenny Loi 

Brethren World Missions 

A Progress Report From India 

By Dr. K. Prasanth Kumar 
Director, Brethren Mission in India 

India was blessed in 1992 with an- 
other fruitful year for the glory of the 

One of the highlights of the year 
was the Brethren National Convention, 
conducted January 24-26 at the village 
of Nedunuru. 

A month later, on February 29 and 
March 1, youth revival meetings were 
conducted in Rajahmundry, which had 
a great impact on the youth. In all, 107 
young boys and girls attended these 

meetings from various villages, and 
eight young people committed their 
lives to the Lord and were baptized. 

We have made the youth a point of 
concentration throughout the year. We 
seek to provide them with spiritual 
food during their monthly meetings 
and are regularly giving them counsel- 
ing. They are much encouraged to 
grow in the Lord and to use their 
talents for the glory of God. 

During the 40-day period from Ash 
Wednesday until Easter, we conducted 

Lenten cottage prayer meetings in both 
Vizak and Rajahmundry. Many people 
fasted and prayed during this period. 
This was also a special time of spread- 
ing the message of sin and salvation, 
and many people were drawn to the 
saving grace of Jesus Christ. 

The majority of people in India live 
in villages. Nirmala and I visited 47 
villages, reaching the idol-worshipers 
there with the truth of the gospel and 
praying for the sick and the barren. 
The Lord touched and enlightened the 

March 1993 


hearts of the new believers in these 

In November we made the village of 
Narkidi Milli a focal point of gospel 
witness. We held three days of revival 
meetings there November 1-3. The 
Lord blessed these endeavors, as 14 
people accepted Jesus Christ as their 
savior and were baptized. 

During the year church buildings 
were built in the village of Katavaram 
and Hukumpeta, and prayer houses 
were built in Narkidi Milli and 
Velagada, Mulakalanka. These build- 
ings were all dedicated to the glory of 
God. From June until December 31, 
1992, we were able to reach another 
83 people for Christ, making the total 
number of baptized members 3,131. 

December was a very busy time of 
the year. On December 4 and 5, train- 
ing for laymen was held in Rajah- 
mundry. The laity were trained and 
encouraged to give short messages, 
conduct small prayer meetings, collect 
prayer requests, visit non-Christian 
homes, and lead an exemplary life. 

Then from December 6 to January 
10, Nirmala and I visited the villages 
nightly to conduct Christmas gospel 
meetings. Though we had long cold 
nights on the road, the gospel that was 
shared yielded good fruit. 

I was also invited by the All India 
Radio to broadcast Christian messages, 
and I presented a special Christmas 
radio message on December 24. 

The youth took the lead in sharing 
the message of Christ through Christ- 
mas playlets. These were presented in 
Vizak on December 23 and in Rajah- 
mundry on December 25. 

Special ministries 

In addition to the activities described 
above, a number of special ministries 
were carried on throughout the year. 
They included the following: 

Publishing. Suvarthikudu (the Evan- 
gelist) is a monthly magazine publish- 
ed with Indian contributions that car- 
ries articles that speak to the spiritual 
needs of everyone in the family. Many 
gospel tracts are also printed or pur- 
chased, and these are distributed to the 
sick at the Brethren Hospital, in the 
homes of non-Christians, and to peo- 
ple on the streets. 

Bible Institute. This year we are 
training ten people in the Brethren 
Bible Institute. They are being trained 

Rev. Prasanth Kumar prays for the young people who came forward during 
the youth revival meetings to accept Christ and receive baptism. 

in biblical theology and in effective 
means of reaching the unreached in the 
villages where they will be working as 
preachers and evangelists at different 
preaching points. 

Child Evangelism. We have renewed 
the Child Evangelism program in 
Rajahmundry and Vizak. The children 
are trained spiritually by age-group 
using visual aids and Bible video cas- 
settes. A wonderful children's rally was 
conducted February 15-16 at Rajah- 
mundry in which approximately 500 
children were nurtured in the word of 
God through Bible stories, video cas- 
settes, a quiz program, and Bible songs. 

Orphanages. In addition to evan- 
gelism, social concerns are an im- 
portant part of our ministry. We are 
pleased to have 30 boys in the Boys' 
Orphanage and ten girls in the Girls' 
Orphanage. These children came from 
different religious backgrounds, but 
now they know Jesus, read the Bible, 
and sing songs of praise to Him. Some 
of them play musical instruments in 
the worship services. 

Because of the orphanage, many 
poor young boys have come up in their 
lives and have received appointments 
to positions in various fields. Some of 
them have become teachers, some 
preachers, and some are in positions in 
the Brethren Mission itself. 

We are thankful to the National 
W.M.S. for providing funds to buy a 
building for the girls' orphanage. The 
girls are now very comfortable in the 
new building. 

Training programs. Under a self- 
help program, many poor widows and 
unemployed women are given free 
sewing training and some of these then 
receive new sewing machines. This 
year eight poor women received sew- 
ing machines and are now able to earn 
a living. In addition, 36 poor young 
people were given free typewriting 
training and took the government ex- 
amination to qualify for good jobs, 
which many of them received. 

Brethren Hospital. The Brethren 
Mission Hospital renders free medical 
service to about 150 poor, sick people 
every day at Rajahmundry. On August 
23 we accompanied the medical staff 
to the village of Katavaram, where we 
diagnosed their diseases, gave neces- 
sary medicines, and distributed nutri- 
tious milk-food bottles to malnour- 
ished mothers and children. 

The 20th anniversary of the hospital 
was celebrated on September 26. 
Members of the hospital staff were 
given gifts for their faithful service, 
and milk-food bottles were distributed 
to the patients. A Moped was pre- 
sented to Mr. K. Ratna Raju to enable 
him to go to villages to render free 
medical service. 

For every good thing bestowed upon 
the Brethren Mission in Indian, we 
thank our good Lord. And we praise 
our good Lord for helping us carry out 
the desire of the Brethren in the United 
States — to fulfill the command of the 
Lord to go and preach the gospel to the 
nations. [f] 


The Brethren Evangelist 



Pennsylvania District Youth Advisors Meet 
For Weekend Training Retreat in January 

Vandergrift, Pa. — Sixteen local 
youth advisors from the Pennsylvania 
District met for a weekend retreat Jan- 
uary 29-31 at the Pleasant View Breth- 
ren Church in Vandergrift. 

The retreat was led by Deb Ritchey, 
Administrative Assistant for Education/ 
Leadership/Youth for The Brethren 
Church, and Sherry Bowling, National 
Youth Ministry Associate. 

The event began Friday evening with 
lively music by Pastor Keith Hensley 
and T.J. McLaughlin of the Pleasant 
View Church. This was followed by sev- 
eral get-acquainted games introduced 
by Deb and Sherry. The rest of the eve- 
ning was spent visiting and snacking. 

Saturday started off with a delicious 
breakfast prepared by Elaine and Chris 
Sampson of the Cameron, W.Va., Breth- 
ren Church, who fed the group very well 
throughout the weekend. Devotions fol- 
lowed, led by District Advisor Dordi 
John, and singing led by Linda Barr, 
Pennsylvania District Youth Ministry 
Associate, and by T.J. McLaughlin. 

Deb and Sherry took over for the 
remainder of the morning and the after- 
noon. During this time the youth ad- 
visors worked through an abridged ver- 
sion of the Myers-Briggs Inventory, 
then viewed and had a lively discussion 
of two videos, "Looking at the World 
Through Teenage Eyes" and "When You 
Don't Like Who Your Teen is Becom- 

ing." They also spent some time talking 
about the legal aspects of youth minis- 
try (reporting child abuse, requiring 
permission slips for trips, etc.), viewed 
and discussed the latest resources for 
working with youth, received informa- 
tion about various aspects of youth min- 
istry in The Brethren Church, then 
evaluated what they had done thus far. 
During the Saturday evening session 
the advisors chose prayer partners, 
then spent some time with those 
partners praying for their various con- 
cerns. They also viewed a video of the 

district work trip to Lost Creek, Ky., 
and of the district camp rally and senior 
camp, and shared pictures of their local 
youth groups and of district functions. 
The evening climaxed with a Com- 
munion service led by District Advisor 
Pastor Ralph John. 

The advisors concluded the retreat 
Sunday morning by attending the early 
worship service of the Pleasant View 

"Although none of us got much sleep," 
reports District YMA Linda Barr, "we 
had a very inspiring weekend. We went 
home refreshed and ready to tackle with 
renewed enthusiasm our youth work. 
We eagerly anticipate another such 
retreat next year!" 

— reported by Linda Barr 

Debbie and Clair Knappenberger (I. and c), youth superintendents at the Pleasant 
View Church, and Jan Sensenbaugh, junior youth advisor at the Hagerstown, Md., 
First Brethren Church, get ready for another session of the youth advisors' retreat. 

Communion Service at Cheyenne 
Includes "Family Footwashing" 

By Rev. G. Emery Hurd, Pastor 

Cheyenne, Wyo. — The Cheyenne Brethren Church 
initiated a new concept during its Communion service held 
November 8, 1992 — the practice of "family footwashing." 
During the observance of footwashing, a separate room was 
provided in which family members could wash one 
another's feet. 

The idea of permitting family members and couples to 
wash one another's feet was a dream I had had for several 
years. Being the father of two daughters and no sons, I 
never had the opportunity of sharing the commitment of 
service and sacrifice in the footwashing service with any 
other member of my family. 

I presented the idea to the Deacon Board for considera- 
tion. When the board approved the idea, we worked to- 
gether on the logistics. 

Three rooms were prepared for the footwashing service, 
one for men, a second for women, and the third for families 
and couples. Each room had towels, basins, and a supply of 

water. A privacy screen in the "family room" allowed women 
to remove stockings out of the view of others. 

Families had been instructed to inform me prior to the 
Communion service if they planned to participate in the 
footwashing service as a family. This was done so that the 
head of the household could receive instructions regarding 
the proper procedure for family footwashing. 

When the time came for washing feet during the Com- 
munion service, individuals and families went to one of the 
three rooms (for men, women, or families) a few at a time 
to wash one another's feet. Following the footwashing, the 
rest of the Communion service continued as normal, with 
the Love Feast and the Eucharist. 

Was this attempt at family footwashing successful? Yes, 
several families chose to participate in the footwashing 
together, and all of them were greatly blessed by the ex- 
perience. It also caused no offense to other members of the 
body, and caused little disruption in the flow of the service. 

"It was the most meaningful Communion I have ever 
been a part of," Leonard Mosher said. This feeling was 
enthusiastically shared by other families that participated. 
In fact, the idea was so well-received that the church plans 
to have at least one "family Communion" annually. 

March 1993 



Jimmy Saunders Begins Pastoral Service 
At Johnstown Third Brethren Church 

Johnstown, Pa. — Rev. Jimmy C. 
Saunders is the new pastor of the 
Johnstown Third Brethren Church. 

Rev. Saunders began serving the 
Johnstown Third congregation on 
January 1 of this year. He succeeds Rev. 
Jerald Radcliff, who retired in August of 

Before coming to Johnstown, Rev. 
Saunders had pastored in both Meth- 
odist and Church of the Brethren con- 
gregations. He began his ministry in 
1962, serving various Methodist 
churches in the Louisiana Conference. 

In 1980 he joined a Church of the 
Brethren congregation in Bakersfield, 
Calif., and he began a full-time pas- 
torate in 1985. His most recent position 
prior to coming to Johnstown Third 
Church was overseeing a mission in 
southeastern Kentucky. 

Saunders attended Northeast State 
University and Louisiana State Univer- 

Jimmy C. 

sity, and he earned a master of theology 
degree from St. Paul's School of Theol- 
ogy in Kansas City, Mo. 

Rev. Saunders is married to the form- 
er Iva Lu Baker of Campbell, Mo. They 
are the parents of five grown children. 
— reported by Floyd Benshoff 

Ashland Theological Seminary 
Sponsoring Tour to Holy Land 

Ashland, Ohio — Ashland Theological 
Seminary is sponsoring a tour June 1 1- 
26 to Switzerland, Egypt, and the Holy 

The itinerary, which includes visits to 
some of the most spectacular and his- 
torically significant locations in Egypt, 
Israel, and Switzerland, has been de- 
signed to provide an in-depth exposure 
to the history, culture, and archaeology 
of the ancient Middle East. 

Tour leaders will be Dr. and Mrs. 
Fred Finks and Dr. and Mrs. Kenneth 
Walther. Dr. Finks is vice president for 
the seminary, and Dr. Walther is profes- 
sor of Greek and New Testament at ATS. 

Tour participants will travel via Cleve- 
land and Chicago to Switzerland, where 
visits will be made to Zurich and Lu- 
cerne with an afternoon cogwheel ride 
on Mt. Pilatus. Following two days in 
Switzerland, they will fly to Egypt 
(Cairo), where they will take a sightsee- 
ing trip to the pyramids and the Sphinx 
at ancient Giza, visit the great Egyptian 
Museum, shop in the old bazaar area of 
Cairo, and sail on the Nile. 

Following three days in Egypt, the 
group will travel overland to Jerusalem 
to begin eight days in Israel. In addition 
to visits to various sites in Jerusalem 
and its environs (including the Temple 
Mount, Wailing Wall, Garden Tomb, 
Mt. of Olives, Garden of Gethsemane), 


the group will also travel to Bethlehem, 
Qumran (where the Dead Sea scrolls 
were found), Massada, the Dead Sea, 
Galilee, Nazareth, Haifa, Caesarea, and 
other selected Old Testament and New 
Testament sites. 

Cost of the trip is $2,880, which in- 
cludes round-trip airfare from Cleve- 
land to the Middle East via Swissair, 
hotel accommodations for 14 nights at 
five-star hotels (double occupancy; $350 
more for single occupancy), daily break- 
fasts and dinners, Egyptian visa, and 
tips for guides, drivers, and servers at 
meals. An optional flight to Luxor and 
Karnak and the "Valley of the Kings" 
while in Egypt is $300 extra. 

The tour can be taken for four hours 
of graduate academic credit. Reading 
assignments and a trip log are required 
of those seeking this credit. 

More information, including a tour 
brochure and a comprehensive trip 
itinerary, is available by contacting 
Mrs. Lennie Reich at the seminary 
(phone: 419-289-5165). 

Dead or Alive? 

One sign of a church that's alive is 
that it's growing so fast it's hard to 
remember everyone's name. Dead 
churches don't have that problem. 
Everybody has known everybody else 
for years and years. Alive churches also 
have lots of parking problems. Dead 
churches don't. 

— adapted from Building Program Briefs 

Eighteen Couples Renew Vows 
During Valentine's Day Service 
At New Lebanon Brethren Ch. 

New Lebanon, Ohio — On St. Val- 
entine's Day this year, when many cou- 
ples were talking about love and giving 
small tokens of affection to one another, 
eighteen married couples from The 
Brethren Church in New Lebanon went 
a big step farther and took part in a 
special service in which they reaffirmed 
their marriage vows to one another. 

Rev. Ray Hesketh, associate pastor of 
the church, led the service. He began the 
service with 30 minutes of teaching on 
God's plan for husbands and wives and 
on the nature of true love, based on three 
passages from the Bible: Ephesians 
5:21-33, 1 Peter 3:1-7, and 1 Corinthians 
13:4-8. The teaching from these verses, 
which are often used at weddings, 
served as a bridge to the ceremony of 
reaffirmation that followed. 

The words of reaffirmation were spo- 
ken with nervousness and tears by some, 
but with excitement by all. One hus- 
band made the night more memorable 
for his wife by replacing her wedding 
ring with a new one. 

For a number ofthe participating cou- 
ples, this was the first time they had 
spoken these vows in their church. They 
had been married before a magistrate, 
not a pastor or in a church. This made 
the event particularly special for them. 

Next, all the couples were honored 
with a photograph and a certificate to 
commemorate the evening. Each couple 
was called forward in turn according to 
the number of years they had been mar- 
ried. The briefest marriage was less 
than one year, the longest 65. In fact, 
two couples had been married more 
than 50 years, and each received a 
round of applause in recognition of this 
accomplishment and in appreciation of 
their example to others. 

The service was witnessed by a num- 
ber of friends and family members who 
shared in the joy, making the event even 
more like a wedding. The evening con- 
cluded with a cake and punch reception 
in the decorated church Fellowship Hall. 

"In this era that sees such a large 
number of divorces," commented Rev. 
Hesketh, "this act [of reaffirming vows] 
has particular importance. It shows 
that there are still people who view mar- 
riage as God intended, a permanent 
bond between a man and woman. By 
choosing to reaffirm their vows, these 
couples have publicly proclaimed their 
desire to make their marriages the best 
they can be through God's help." 

— reported by Rev. Ray Hesketh 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 

A Lesson From Pets 

Do you have a pet — a cat or dog, or perhaps a guinea pig or gerbil? Or maybe you 
have a bird or fish or even some unusual pet. Whatever kind of pet you have, it is very 
important to you. You care about it, and you would be very sorry if something happened 
to it. If it got lost, you would look everywhere for it. You would search in 
and around your house and all through your neighborhood until you found 
your lost pet. And if you couldn't find it, you would be very sad. 

Jesus told a story about a man who had an experience much like this. 
The man was a shepherd and his "pet" was a sheep. Actually, the man had 
100 sheep. But each one of the 100 was like a pet to him. Each sheep had 
a name, and the shepherd loved every one of them. 

One day one of the sheep (perhaps it was one of the lambs) wandered off and got 
lost. When the shepherd realized that it was gone, he became very worried and upset. 
After making sure that the rest of the sheep were safe in a pen, he went off in search of 
the missing one. He searched on the hillsides and in the valleys, along the creeks and 
in the thorn bushes. Finally he found the missing sheep. He picked it up, put it on his 
shoulders, and carried it back to the other sheep. What a caring, loving shepherd he was! 

Isn't that a wonderful story? But Jesus made it clear that this wasn't just a story. It 
was a parable, a story with a meaning. Jesus' story was really about Himself (He's the 
shepherd) and the way He loves people (the sheep). Jesus loves people so much that 
He wants each of us to be His "pet." 

But we often are like the lost sheep. We want to do our own thing. We don't want 
to go to church or be with other Christians or do what the Bible teaches. Instead, we'd 
rather play and be with friends and do what everybody else is doing. 

Even so, Jesus doesn't forget about us. He loves us so much that He keeps looking 
for us. He keeps calling us to Himself. And if we let Him, He will pick us up in His arms 
of love and make us one of His special "pets." 

So let your pet be a reminder of the special love Jesus has for you. He loves you 
much more than you could ever love your pet. And He wants you to be His very own. 


1 . The Parable of the Lost Sheep is found in Luke chapter 1 5. Two other "things" are 
lost and found in this chapter. What are they? 

2. Use the following code to solve the coded message below: a = ft, d = *, e = *, 
f = ♦, g - V, h - m, i = ♦, I - m, m = O, n = ■, o = □, p = O, r = ♦, 
s = ▲, t - T, w = I, y = I. Who said this message? 

♦ OO Y*$ fQQ$ A*#0*#*#. Y*$ *□□$ A *#□**♦# 

• 41 A #□>■ **A •♦♦* ♦□♦ Y*$ A*#*0. 

John 10:11 

March 1993 17 




David and Penny Knouff and Wayne 
and Waneta Holland were ordained 
deacons and deaconesses January 3 1 in the 
Louisville, Ohio, Brethren Bible Church. 
Rev. David Cooksey, Director of Pastoral 
Ministries for The Brethren Church, pre- 
sented a message on "The Leadership God 
Expects" during the special service. Rev. 
Cooksey was assisted in the ordination of 
the Knouffs and Hollands by Rev. Jim Ray, 
pastor of the Brethren Bible Church, and by 
Pastor Ray's wife, Rev. Jennifer Ray. An 
informal reception with cake and other 
refreshments followed the service. 

The Burlington, Ind, First Brethren 
Church on January 17 dedicated a newly 
acquired property just east of the church 
building. On the property is a one-story 
frame house, which the church plans to rent 
out, preferably to a church family. In the 
future the church may use the house as a 
temporary home for struggling families that 
are trying to get on their feet. The property 
also provides space for future expansion of 
the church building. Purchase price of the 
house and property was $27,500. 

Bryan, Ohio, home of the Bryan First 
Brethren Church, is a great place to live, 
according to author and researcher Norman 
Crampton. Bryan is ranked 52nd in Cramp- 
ton's new book, The 100 Best Small Towns 
in America, which ranks towns with pop- 
ulations beween 5,000 and 15,000, which 
are not suburbs of larger cities. Some of the 
criteria used by Crampton in making his 


The people were wrongly identified 
in a photograph that accompanied an 
Update article, "Brethren Bible Church 
Meeting Needs By Operating Food 
Pantry in Louisville," reported by Shir- 
ley Brown, which appeared in the Feb- 
ruary issue of the Evangelist (p. 17). 
The mistake occurred because the pic- 
ture was inserted backwards when 
printed. Thus for example, Pastor Jim 
Ray was to the far left of the printed 
photo instead of at the far right, as 
indicated. Our apologies to those in the 
photograph and to Mrs. Brown. 

— The Editor 

selections include per capita income; pro- 
portion of population in the 25 to 34 age 
group; number of physicians; percentage of 
population with four or more years of col- 
lege education; local government spending 

for public education; economic base; 
proximity to a metropolitan area; and scenic 
beauty. According to Crampton, small 
towns are an endangered species, with more 
of them dwindling than thriving. 

Georgie Arehart Honored 
For 42 Years as S.S. Teacher 

Pineville, Va. — Georgie Arehart was 
honored December 6 by the Mt. Olive 
Brethren Church at a surprise retirement 

Mrs. Arehart served as teacher of the 
first and second grade Sunday school 
class at Mt. Olive for the past 42 years. 
Many of her former students were on 
hand to express their appreciation for her 
faithfulness and friendliness as their 

The celebration took place during the 
coffee and doughnut time that is held on 
the first Sunday of each month. Those 
who had gathered in the room sprang the 
surprise when Mrs. Arehart walked in. 

In addition to the expressions of appre- 
ciation, Mrs. Arehart was honored with a 
corsage and with a plaque, presented to 
her by Sunday school superintendent 
Kris Morris, expressing the church's 
deep gratitude for her years of service. A 

cake had 
also been 
prepared 1 
for all to 

1 ^ | j 


I ^Pf Jj f?Wf 


caught i ' 
ly off 

guard by f 
the sur- ® 


1 <■-,, ' .. ..«..* 

tion, but 

Georgie Arehart 

she graciously expressed her apprecia- 
tion to the Board of Christian Education, 
which planned the party, and to the church. 
Approximately 100 people were pres- 
ent to applaud Mrs. Arehart for a job well 
done. One of these wisely remarked that 
they shouldn't forget her husband, Jake, 
who had driven her to Sunday school 
each week for the past 42 years. 

— reported by Pastor Fred Miller 

In Memory 

Norman E. McPherson, 82, February 18. Mem- 
ber since 1957 of the Gretna Brethren Church. 
Mr. McPherson was the father of ten living 
children, nine of whom are active in The Brethren 
Church. One son is a deacon and one daughter a 
deaconess in the Gretna Brethren Church, and 
three daughters are married to Brethren elders — 
Mrs. Brad (Karen) Weidenhamer, Mrs. John 
(Jean) Shult?, and Mrs. Dale (Marcia) Staffer. 
Services by Pastor Lynn Mercer and Dr. John 
Shultz, son-in-law of the deceased. 
Dyoll Hildebrand, 87, February 16. Longtime 
member of the Ashland Park Street Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor Arden Gilmer. 
Kayta Dierks, 44, February 1 1 . Member for 32 
years of the Bryan First Brethren Church, where 
she served as a Sunday school teacher of pre- 
kindergarten and kindergarten children and 
helped with the children's choirs. A first grade 
teacher, Mrs. Dierks was listed in Who's Who in 
American Education in 1992. Services by Rev. 
Marlin L. McCann. 

Joseph Peavyhouse, 63, February 1 1 . Long- 
time member of the Fremont First Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor Bill Walk. 
Veleta Bibler, 86, February 5. Longtime mem- 
ber of the Warsaw First Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Pastor Mitchell W. Funkhouser. 
Leona Slump, 73, February 4. Longtime mem- 
ber of The Brethren Church at New Lebanon, 
where she was active in the visitation ministry 
and, for more than ten years, led a weekly Bible 
study at a local nursing home. Services by Pastor 
James Black. 

Esther Burkett, 68, January 29. Longtime mem- 
ber of the Fremont First Brethren Church. 
Edith Barnheiser, 78, January 15. Attended the 
Fremont Brethren Church. 
James "Alfred" Pittman, 79, January 14. Mem- 
ber for 54 years of the Mount Olive Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor Fred Miller. 
Mona I. Pendleton, 74, January 5. Longtime 
member of the Fremont Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Pastor Bill Walk. 

Helen J. Keiser, 78, December 3. Longtime 
friend of the Fremont Brethren Church. 


John and Harriet Ladd, 50th, January 22. 
Members of the Warsaw First Brethren Church. 
Gordon and Conjetta Harman, 60th, January 
1 . Members of the Mount Olive Brethren Church. 


Penny Green to Patrick Reynolds, February 1 3, 
at the Lanark First Brethren Church; Rev. David 
Cooksey officiating. Bride a member of the 
Lanark First Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Lanark: 2 by transfer 

Fremont: 2 by transfer 

Wabash: 4 by affirmation of faith 

Mount Olive: 4 by baptism, 3 by transfer 

Pleasant View: 6 by baptism, 2 by transfer 


The Brethren Evangelist 

News-Notes From Around the World 


Pakistan, China, and Sudan are among 
several countries singled out for their 
serious violations of religious rights in 
the newly released U.S. State Depart- 
ment Human Rights Report for 1992. 

Pakistan was identified for several 
incidents of prosecuting Christians and 
Ahmadi Muslims for allegedly "blas- 
pheming the Prophet Mohammed." 
Religious legislation aimed at the in- 
stituting of Sharia (Islamic law) in 
Pakistan has "encouraged an atmosphere 
of religious intolerance which has led to 
acts of violence directed at Ahmadis (a 
Muslim sect) and Christians," the re- 
port stated. 

Concerning China, the report touched 
on the increasing use of torture against 
those the regime considers opponents. 
In many parts of China, the report 
stated, efforts are continuing to "reign 
in activities of the unapproved Catholic 
and Protestant movements, including 
raiding and closing a number of un- 
registered churches." 

The report added that recent govern- 
ment repression "has reflected official 
concern over the government's inability 
to control the rapid growth of member- 
ship in the Christian groups." 

In its report on Sudan, the State 
Department said the Islamic funda- 
mentalist government is "continuing ef- 
forts, driven by religious extremism, to 
impose total authority over Sudanese 
institutions and society. Proselytizing 
by Muslims is allowed, but proselytizing 
of Muslims is not allowed." 

On the other hand, the report did not 
mention confirmed accounts that Mus- 
lim authorities have made conversion to 
Islam a condition for receiving food aid 


In last month's "News-Notes" we 
reported that Mexican President 
Carlos Salinas de Gortari had cir- 
cumvented Mexico's official stance 
on non-Catholics and joined more 
than 600 evangelical Christian 
leaders for their annual prayer 
breakfast. After reading this item, 
Dr. Juan Carlos Miranda, Director of 
Latin American Ministries for The 
Brethren Church, wrote to report 
that our Mexico Brethren Church 
was represented at that gathering. 
Pastor Jose Castro, president of our 
Brethren Convention in Mexico, at- 
tended the prayer breakfast. 

at camps set up for refugees and dis- 
placed people. 

Also covered in the report were 
attacks on evangelical Protestants 
violently expelled from Catholic- 
dominated villages in Chiapas, 
southern Mexico, as well as a law in 
Saudi Arabia that prohibits public or 
private non-Muslim religious activities, 
which was enforced in 1992. It iden- 
tified the case of a Saudi citizen who was 
publicly beheaded for the "crime" of im- 
porting a Bible and other religious 
material in September. 

Randy Tift 


Christian prisoner Chand Barkat was 
"acquitted with honor" January 24, 
after being charged with blaspheming 
the prophet Mohammed. He spent 15 
months in detention without bail, and 
would have been executed had he been 

The court concluded that the plaintiff, 
a business rival, had failed to produce 
other witnesses to the alleged crime and 
that his motivations were not strictly 

Another Christian, Gul Masih, is in 
prison, however, on similar charges. 
Masih was convicted last November 
of insulting Islam and the prophet 
Mohammed and was sentenced to death 
by hanging. His case is now on appeal. 

Barbara Baker 


A cache of Christians of Korean de- 
scent living in Central Asia has come to 
light to the rest of the Christian world. 
They are descendants of thousands of 
Koreans who fled what is now North 
Korea around 1910 and again in the 
1930s to escape Japanese conquerors. 

Many of these Koreans ended up in 
the far eastern regions of the former 
Soviet Union. In the late 1930s and 
early 1940s Stalin turned the area into 
a weapons manufacturing center. Be- 
lieving that the Koreans there were too 
high a security risk, he relocated them, 
in the dead of winter, throughout the 
country. As many as half died on the 
trains, but those who survived ended up 
in Central Asia. 

Among the original Koreans who fled 
their homeland was a handful of Chris- 
tians. Although many lost their faith in 
the ensuing years of communism and 
atheism, a small group clung to their 
beliefs, and today the seeds of their 
perseverance are responsible for the 
growth of the church in Korean com- 

March 1993 

munities in the republics of Central 
Asia that are now part of the Common- 
wealth of Independent States. 

Exact numbers of Korean Christians 
in Central Asia are difficult to ascertain, 
but there are substantial groups in the 
cities of Tashkent and Alma Ata (capital 
of Kazakhstan republic). In fact, there 
are Korean Christians in all five Cen- 
tral Asian republics, even though these 
republics are predominantly Muslim. 
Koreans have been allowed to open 
churches because they are seen as hav- 
ing come from a Christian background 
and thus entitled to pursue their roots. 

Elizabeth Farrell 


The lower house of the Argentine 
Congress is set to debate a controversial 
draft law which, if ratified, would 
broaden religious rights in this tradi- 
tionally Roman Catholic nation. But 
Protestants are skeptical that it will 
have any significant effect on present 

The law, which seeks to reform gov- 
ernment regulation of non-Catholic relig- 
ious entities imposed during previous 
de facto regimes, affirms that "every 
person enjoys the fundamental right to 
freedom of conscience and religion guar- 
anteed in the National Constitution" 
and states that "religious beliefs will 
never constitute a motive for inequality 
or discrimination before the law." 

Nevertheless, members of Argen- 
tina's Protestant community seriously 
doubt the proposed law will serve to 
extend the religious rights of evangel- 
ical Christians, and may even restrict 
present liberties. The skepticism is due 
in part to present law which requires 
non-Catholic churches to formally 
register with the government in order to 
have access to the law's provisions. 

David Miller 


Bulgaria has announced it will dis- 
band its religious watchdog agency, the 
Directorate of Religious Faiths. Last 
year the agency attempted to mediate a 
dispute within the Orthodox church, 
but instead may have contributed to its 
eventual split. 

Bulgaria is the first of the emerging 
democracies in Eastern Europe to do 
away with a religious oversight depart- 

Randy Tift 

Source for these stories: News 
Network International. 


Acts 1:8 Taken Seriously! 

Tim and Jan Eagle 

Todd and Tracy Ruggles 


Most Recently 
Commissioned For Service 

Tim and Jan Eagle 


Todd and Tracy Ruggles 

Brethren Are Now 
Serving In 











PHONE (419) 289-1708 

7t i i I *3" 

Lu ; - ! - ; 

•j_ yj ■-; 
H 6 3 

ijj ai S 

Funderburg Library 

Developing a Global Vision 

Loving God 
With Our Minds 

AFTER our Christian writers 
workshop near Mexico City, 
the 20 or so participants loaded 
into five vehicles for the ride back 
to town. It soon became evident, 
however, that several young adults 
in the van driven by missionary 
journalist Liz Isais weren't ready 
for the workshop to end. 

When Liz asked her passengers 
what they would like to discuss or 
sing during the two-hour drive 
home, they said, "Sister, we just 
want to listen to you talk." They 
wanted to "soak up" every last bit 
of wisdom they could. 

The request amazed even Liz, 
who's seen it all during nearly 40 
years of service in Latin America. 
What teacher wouldn't be thrilled 
by students with such teachable 
spirits and with such sincere 
hunger for knowledge and Chris- 
tian growth? 

Furthermore, these Mexican 
friends weren't like the person at 
one of my writers seminars who, 
when asked what she did for a 
living, said, "Oh, I attend work- 
shops." Instead, these three Mex- 
icans intended to apply their newly 
acquired knowledge in their re- 
spective ministries. 

Cesar, for instance, had just re- 
turned from a four-month mission- 
ary stint in an impoverished moun- 
tain region of Mexico, where his 
diet consisted of coffee and beans. 

A desire to learn 

I'm continually amazed by the 
intense desire of many Christians 

in the developing world to equip 
themselves for Christian service. 
This is illustrated by the explosion 
of Bible institutes and seminaries 
across Latin America, Africa, and 
other regions of rapid church 

A missionary at ESEPA Sem- 
inary in Costa Rica recently told 
me, "Professors say it is exciting to 
teach here. The students are so 
hungry to learn." 

"I don't know how long this 
hunger is going to last, but while it 
lasts, it's great." 

And the learning boom isn't 
limited to students in religious in- 
stitutions either. Carlos, a Colom- 
bian friend, was flunking out of 
high school when he accepted 
Christ as Savior. Almost over- 
night, Carlos recalls, he applied 
himself and excelled in high 
school. Later, mostly by reading all 
the available literature, he taught 
himself to become a skilled graphic 
artist and photographer. 

The mind of Christ 

What explains this zeal for 
learning and effective Christian 
service? The Apostle Paul cast 
some light on the subject when he 
told the Corinthians, "We have the 
mind of Christ" (1 Cor. 2:16). 

What an amazing thought — we 
Christians have the mind of 
Christ! So what are the implica- 
tions? Do we clutter our minds 
with Phil Donahue and the Simp- 
sons? Or do we absorb more things 
that make our minds Christlike? 

Paul told the church in Rome, 
"Do not conform any longer to the 
pattern of this world, but be trans- 
formed by the renewing of your 
mind" (Rom. 12:2, Niv). (I suppose 
the Romans had just as many dis- 
tractions as we North Americans 

One of my college roommates, 
Russ, accepted Christ as Savior 
while we were rooming together. 
Almost every night a light in our 
room burned into the wee hours of 
the morning, as Russ read — not 
physics or biology — but the Scrip- 
tures. He wanted to know every- 
thing possible about the Bible, and 
he wanted to learn it as soon as 

It seems that many Christians in 
the developing world — like Russ 

— are still living their "first love" 
(cf. Rev. 2:4) and are taking serious- 
ly this injunction to renew their 

Getting recharged 

During four years as a mission- 
ary in Peru, I taught writing and 
editing for Christian publications. 
I distinctly remember feeling, "Boy, 
I don't have much more to give." 
My hungry students had quickly 
devoured my limited supply of 
knowledge, and now they wanted 
more. I would need some addition- 
al studying myself in order to meet 
the students' needs. 

This is why so many mission- 
aries take yearlong study leaves or 
sabbaticals. They need to take 
more in before they can give more 

The late missionary statesman 
Kenneth Strachan once wrote, "I 
like the thought of being a pro- 
fessional missionary, a man [or 
woman] . . . who loves his job, likes 
to study for it, likes to give himself 
to it, considers it the most impor- 
tant job in the world, thinks that 
no training is too high for it, likes 
to give extra hours to extra study 
on behalf of the job, believes that 
God has called him especially to 
that job. I think it's a wonderful 
thing to be a professional mission- 

Maybe no one will ever tell us, "I 
just want to listen to you talk." But 
we can try hard to be good learners 

— with the goal of being better 
servants for our Lord. [f] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Funderburg Library 


North Manchester, IN 46962 

April 1993 
Volume 115, Number 4 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


John Maust 

Children's Page 

The Editor 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
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combined) by The Brethren 
Church, Inc., 524 College Ave., 
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thors' views are not necessarily 
those of The Brethren Church. 

Subscription Rates: One 

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Member: Evangelical 



God's New Song by Jean Lersch 

Three themes in a new song composed by God and validated by the 

resurrection of Jesus. 

New Churches, New Growth by Ronald W. Waters 

Final article in a series of four on The Brethren Church's "Priorities 

for the Nineties." 

A National Call to United Prayer 

A call to pray for the restoration of the church so that it may lead to 
the restoration of our nation. 

A Strange Marriage by William Kerner 

The Christian life, like marriage, is to be a total commitment. 

Homestead, Florida, Revisited by Mark Ray 

A follow-up visit to the area of Florida where three mission teams did 

Hurricane Andrew clean-up work six months earlier. 

A Letter From Mark Baker 

Reflections on his illness and a testimony to his faith written by Mark 
Baker shortly before his death. 




Ministry Pages 

World Relief 


The Church's Ministry: Providing Hope for a Changing World 
by Arthur Evans Gay, Jr. 

World Relief at Work Around the World 12 

World Relief Giving in 1992 14 


Developing a Global Vision 2 
by John Maust 

Cartoon 3 

Update 15 

From the Grape Vine 20 

Children's Page 21 

to Little 


Pontius' Puddle 







April 1993 

21:5 God has given 
a breath-taking announce- 
ment: See, I am making 
all things new. 

God has designed a new order. 
Jesus lived and died to make this 
new order possible, then rose again 
so that we can know it is true. God 
is making all things new. Out with 
the old. It is buried and dead. In 
with the new. Jesus' resurrection 
assures us, as does His promise to 
come again. 

The Psalmist gave us a preview 
of this newness when he said, "O 
sing to the LORD a new song ... all 
the earth" (Psalm 96:1*) Every 
song has themes. Let's consider 
three themes in the new song God 
has composed and validated by 
Jesus' resurrection. 


1 . Right makes might 

In 2 Kings 6:8-22 there is a 
wonderful story that helps us un- 
derstand this theme in God's new 
song. The king of Aram was at war 
with Israel. But he had a problem. 
The king of Israel always knew 
ahead of time what the Aramean 
army was going to do. At first the 
king of Aram thought that his 
rooms were "bugged." But then he 

"Quotations from the Bible are from 
the New Revised Standard Version. 

Mrs. Lersch is a member of the St. 
Petersburg, Fla., Brethren Church, 
where she serves as a team member 
with Brethren House Ministries, a mis- 
sion in Christian eduation. 




By Jean Lersch 

learned that the prophet 
Elisha was the one pro- 
viding this information. 
So Elisha was put on the 
king's "hit list." 
At night Aramean horses 
and chariots and a great army 
surrounded Dothan, where Elisha 
was living. In the morning, Elisha's 
attendant was very disturbed to 
see the enemy army surrounding 
the town. But Elisha trusted God. 
He prayed and helped the attend- 
ant see God's ring of protecting horses 
and chariots of fire around them. 

When the Arameans attacked, 
there was no bloodshed. Elisha 
prayed to the Lord, who struck 
them blind. Then Elisha led the 
army into Samaria. When they 
were inside the city, Elisha prayed 
again, and the eyesight of the men 
was restored. 

The king of Samaria, having the 
mindset of the old way of looking 
at things, asked Elisha, "Shall I 
kill them? Shall I kill them?" 

Elisha replied in the spirit of 
God's new song: 

"No! . . . Set food and water before 
them so that they may eat and 
drink; and let them go to their 
master." 2 Kings 6:22 

(What a suggestion to give a 
king who relied on military might 
for protection!) 

The outcome of the story — 

And the Arameans no longer came 
raiding into the land of Israel. 

2 Kings 6:23 


Another incident in the Old Tes- 
tament underscores this theme 
that in God's new song right 
makes might. Saul wanted to kill 
David and, with his army, was 
searching for him. 

First Samuel 24 records this epi- 
sode. Saul went into a cave to care 
for personal needs. He didn't know 
that David and his men were hid- 
ing in that cave. When Saul was in 
a very vulnerable position, David 
sneaked up and cut off a piece of 
Saul's robe without Saul's knowing 
it. But he didn't kill Saul, even 
though David's men thought that 
he should. 

Later, as Saul left the cave, 
David showed him, by holding up 
the corner of the robe he had cut 
off, that he had been close enough 
to kill him. Then Saul confessed: 

"You are more righteous than I; for 
you have repaid me good, whereas 
I have repaid you evil. . . . Now I 
know that you shall surely be king, 
and that the kingdom of Israel 
shall be established in your hand." 
1 Samuel 24:17, 20 

This reminds me of the exhorta- 
tion given at the end of the 12th 
chapter of Romans — 

Do not be overcome by evil, 
but overcome evil with good. 

Paul was underscoring the 
theme "right makes might" in 
God's new song. 


Paul gives a reprise of the theme 
as he reflects on Jesus' mindset in 
Philippians 2:5-8. By emptying him- 
self, by becoming a servant, by dying, 
Jesus' name has been exalted, 

and every tongue should confess 
that Jesus Christ is Lord .... 

Philippians 2:11 

Ghandi understood and prac- 
ticed the wisdom of this theme. So 
did Martin Luther King, Jr. 

"For the Lord God 
omnipotent reigneth." 

The Brethken Evangelist 

2. God loves and accepts all 

The old song dictated that every- 
one belonged in a particular place. 
Jewish priests were honored. They 
had access to the inner courts of 
the temple. Gentiles and women 
had to stay in the outer courts. 
Lepers, children, and menstruat- 
ing women were to stay out of 
sight and out of touch. There was 
a definite class structure. 

The prophet Joel predicted a 
change in this structure when he 

Then afterward 

I will pour out my spirit on all flesh; 
your sons and your daughters shall 
your old men shall dream dreams, 
and your young men shall see visions. 
Even on the male and female slaves, 
in those days, I will pour out my 

Joel 2:28, 29 

All People would be included in 
the new order. 


Jesus upset the accepted class 
structure. He touched and healed 
both lepers (Mark 1:40, 41) and the 
bleeding woman (Luke 8:43-48). 
He encouraged Mary to sit at His 
feet and to leam from what He, the 
rabbi, was teaching (Luke 10:38- 
41). He even took women with Him 
and the disciples in His travels. And 
He let the women pay the bills, for 
heaven's sake (Luke 8:1-3). He or- 
dered his disciples, "Let the chil- 
dren come . . ." (Luke 18:15-17). 


The old song seemed to have so 
many picky rules that brought un- 
necessary inconvenience. This was 
the way it was done, in a par- 
ticular way: 

• wash your hands in a certain com- 
plicated fashion; 

• don't pick grain on the sabbath; 

• don't do any work, including help- 
ing people, on the sabbath. 
Jesus upset all of that. He lived 

out God's new song. He showed 
that it is more important to help 
people than to keep outmoded 
rules. He showed that life isn't 
always black-and-white, as the 
scribes and Pharisees saw it. 
Manifesting compassion, fulfill- 

April 1993 

ing God's law, He showed people 
what God's new song was all about. 
"You have heard that it was said 
.... But I say to you . . . ," Jesus 
said (Matthew 5-7). 


Isn't that why the officials 
wanted to kill him? He was upset- 
ting their homogeneous perspec- 
tive. He was showing that people 
can't be homogenized. You 
shouldn't put people in certain 
slots. And He didn't follow rules 
that were detrimental to people. 

Paul reflected this theme: 

There is no longer Jew or Greek, 
there is no longer slave or free, 
there is no longer male and female; 
for all of you are one in Christ Jesus. 
Galatians 3:28 


The days of putting people in 
certain slots, of allowing only 
"higher class people" to participate 
because of their race, nationality, 
or sexuality are over. God's new 
song says so. "Whosoever will may 

"King of kings" 

3. God championed the underdog 

A third theme of God's new song 
was the esteem given people usual- 
ly considered of less value. Think 
about the younger sons and women 
in the biblical story who were heroes 
— Joseph, Esther, Ruth, Huldah, 
Deborah, David, the Prodigal Son. 
The example of David is especially 

In 1 Samuel 16, we read how the 
Lord sent Samuel to Jesse to anoint 
one of his sons as the new king. 
Jesse brought out his seven eldest 
sons, but Samuel know none of 
them was God's choice. He finally 
asked, "Are all your sons here?" 

Jesse's reply underscores the pre- 
vailing attitude of the day: "There 
remains yet the youngest, but he is 
keeping the sheep." Nobody of that 
day would think that the youngest 
son who kept sheep would be eli- 
gible for such an important job as 


Another example in David's life 
shows how God values the under- 
dog. When he was fleeing from King 

Saul, he gathered an army. Look 
at the description of this army: 

Everyone who was in distress, and 
everyone who was in debt, and 
everyone who was discontented 
gathered to him; and he became 
captain over them. I Samuel 22:2 

They sound like the dregs of 
society, but David became their 


Think about examples of people 
society considered inferior who 
were honored by God: 

• Rehab the harlot is affirmed twice 
in the Old Testament and three 
times in the New. 

• Poor shepherds received the first 
announcement of Jesus' birth. 

• Women were the first to learn that 
Jesus had risen from the dead. 

Didn't Jesus also live out this 
theme of God's new song — 

— when He ate with publicans and 

— when He praised the woman who 
washed His feet and dried them 
with her hair? 

— when He called fishermen and a 
tax collector to be His disciples? 

— when He pointed out the widow 
who gave her mite? 

— when He made a Samaritan the 
hero of a story? 

— when He used a woman search- 
ing for a lost coin as an example 
of God seeking the lost? 

— when Lazarus the beggar got to 
heaven and the rich man didn't? 

The old is over. 

Weeping may linger for the night, 
but joy comes with the morning. . . . 
You have turned my mourning into 
you have taken off my sackcloth 
and clothed me with joy ... . 

Psalm 30:5b and 11 

"and Lord of lords" 

We can joyfully sing the themes 
in God's new song: 

Right makes might. 

God loves all people. 

God champions the underdog. 

"and God shall reign 
forever and ever. " 

Jesus proclaimed God's new song 
with His life and teaching. His 
resurrection proved the new song's 
validity. Halleluia! Christ is risen! 
We have new life! [f] 

ew Churches, 
ew Growth 

Final article in a series of four on The Brethren Church's 
"Priorities for the Nineties" — by Ronald W. Waters 

Priority 4 — Forming New 
Churches (Church Planting): to ex- 
tend the ministry of the church to 
groups of people who have had in- 
adequate exposure to the Christian 
faith, through the formation of new 
churches among a variety of people 
groups, with styles and formats ap- 
propriate to those groups. 

"TTTHY should we start new 

VV churches? We don't have 
enough pastors for the churches 
we already have." 

"Some churches that have been 
around a long time are now strug- 
gling to survive. Wouldn't it be bet- 
ter to put our money and effort 
into making them strong again?" 

"Charity begins at home. We 
should put all our efforts into 
reaching the people in our own 

These are some common argu- 
ments against starting new 
churches. So why has General 
Conference made this a priority for 
The Brethren Church? 

Reasons for new churches 

The primary reason, of course, 
is that large numbers of persons in 
this country do not know Jesus 
Christ as saving Lord. Jesus' com- 
mand is to make disciples of all 
people groups (Matthew 28:19-20). 
Peter said that the Lord does not 
want "anyone to perish, but every- 
one to come to repentance" (2 Peter 
3:9). As long as anyone is sep- 

Rev. Waters is Director of Brethren 
Church Ministries. 

The denominational priorities dis- 
cussed in this series of articles were 
adopted by the 1992 General Conference. 

arated from salvation in Jesus 
Christ, the gospel compels us to 
use every method possible to reach 

Second, church planting is mod- 
eled in the New Testament. Every- 
where the Apostle Paul went, he 
formed new believers into churches 
— for mutual support, worship, 
discipleship, fellowship, and out- 
reach (Acts 14:21-28, for example). 

Third, studies have shown that 
starting new churches is the most 
effective method of evangelism. 
New churches provide new oppor- 
tunities for persons who are not 
yet Christians to be exposed to the 
Christian faith. And they offer new 
openings for ministry by pastors 
and lay persons alike. 

Fourth, contrary to popular be- 
lief, there are fewer churches per 
thousand persons in the United 
States today than there were at 
the turn of the century. Today we 
need more churches with more 
varieties of styles and formats of 
ministry to reach a broadly diver- 
gent population. 

Fifth, it is easier to produce new 
life than it is to revive the dead or 
dying. Older churches in decline 
may be revived, but only if they 
develop an outreach mindset. 
Some declining congregations have 
found new life as they have been 
involved in starting new churches! 

Sixth, adding new churches in- 
creases the base of support for 
reaching even more people for 
Christ in the United States and for 
an expanding world missions effort. 

A variety of people groups 

Jesus said to make disciples "of 
all nations" (Matthew 28:19-20). 

"Nations" literally means "people 
groups." The Great Commission 
certainly encompasses worldwide 
missions. But the number of 
"people groups" in the United 
States also continues to grow. 

Persons are best reached when 
they do not have to cross linguistic 
and cultural barriers. Traditional 
churches will reach a diminishing 
share of the population. Starting 
new churches permits a variety of 
approaches in styles of worship, 
discipleship, and ministry. 

Willow Creek Community Church 
in South Barrington, Illinois, is an 
example. Pastor Bill Hybels' goal 
is to speak the language of modern 
culture and reach "Unchurched 
Harry" — the baby-boomer who is 
full of spiritual questions but un- 
involved in organized religion. 

Saturday evening and Sunday 
morning services are geared to 
"seekers" — persons beginning to 
wonder what Jesus Christ has to 
offer. They include drama, high 
quality music, and a message that 
is relevant to daily life issues 
rather than preachy. Services de- 
signed for spiritual growth of be- 
lievers are held on Wednesday and 
Thursday evenings. The North- 
view Brethren Life church in 
Franklin/Springboro, Ohio, is 
based on this model. 

Growing ethnic populations, par- 
ticularly African-, Asian-, and 
Hispanic-Americans, offer oppor- 
tunities for outreach that tradi- 
tional churches may have difficulty 
fulfilling. And socio-economic dif- 
ferences pose new challenges for 

Brethren Hispanic churches in 
Sarasota and Pasadena and 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"Studies have shown that starting new churches is the most effective 
method of evangelism. New churches provide new opportunities for per- 
sons who are not yet Christians to be exposed to the Christian faith." 

African-American churches in 
Cleveland and Washington, D.C., 
are examples of efforts to minister 
to persons at their point of open- 
ness, in a style that is comfortable 
and inviting. 

New approaches to 

starting churches 

There is no one way to begin a 
new congregation. C. Peter Wagner 
suggests "twelve good ways to plant 
a church."* Brethren have used 
some of these methods in the past. 

Hiving off happens when one 
congregation begins another by en- 
couraging a nucleus of persons to 
serve as the core for a new church. 
The University Church in Ashland, 
Ohio, and the Bradenton, Florida, 
congregations were formed by core 
groups from Park Street and Sara- 
sota, respectively. 

Accidental parenthood is 
similar to hiving off, but the 
nucleus leaves in the midst of con- 
flict rather than as a church plant- 
ing effort. Goshen and Jefferson, 
Indiana, and Maurertown and 
Waterbrook, Virginia, are two ex- 
amples. While this may not be a 
preferred method of starting new 
churches, two thriving congrega- 
tions may result, ministering to far 
more persons than the one pre- 
vious church. 

The satellite model was used in 
forming the 340 Brethren Church 
near Elkton, Virginia. While pas- 
toring the Bethlehem Church in 
Harrisonburg, Virginia, Pastor Pat 
Velanzon formed a new church 
among friends who lived some dis- 
tance from Harrisonburg and who 
felt uncomfortable in a traditional 
church. He started the new church 
in a picnic pavilion on U.S. 340 
and continues to pastor both con- 

Sarasota, Florida, First Brethren 
has also used the multicongrega- 
tional church model in forming 

*C. Peter Wagner, Church Planting for 
a Greater Harvest (Ventura: Regal Books, 
1990), pp. 59-75. 

the Iglesia Hispana church. 
Originally, the Hispanic congrega- 
tion shared the same facilities 
while having its own pastor and 

The founding pastor has been 
the model most commonly used in 
recent Brethren history. The dis- 
trict and national mission boards 
commission and support a pastoral 
family to begin a new work in an 
assigned location. Financial sup- 
port comes from the church at- 
large through missions giving. 
Often tentmakers, lay persons who 
intentionally move to the site of 
the new church, earn their live- 
lihood apart from the church but 
minister within it. A variety of 
methods within this model have 
been used, including telemarketing 
("The Phone's for You"), forming 

cell groups, and initiating home 
Bible studies. 

In the past, many churches were 
started by independent church 
planters — persons (often lay 
rather than pastoral) who started 
new churches without support of 
any local, district, or national or- 
ganization. As Brethren migrated 
across the United States, they 
would begin a church in their new 
community. Sometimes they would 
call an evangelist for extended 
revival services or a nearby elder 
to help in organizing efforts. 

Again, there is no one right way 
to begin a new church. The key is 
having a heart for the lost, eyes to 
see persons who have need for 
saving faith in Jesus Christ, and a 
mind to find the most effective way 
to reach them. [f] 

Results of Brethren Church Planting 

From 1946 through 1991 (the last 
year for which all statistics are com- 
plete), 53 Brethren churches/classes 
were started. Of these, 34 churches/ 
classes were still in existence at the 
end of 1991. This represents a 58 
percent success rate. 

The impact on average Sunday 
worship attendance of these 34 new 
churches is striking, as shown by the 
table below. The increase in average 
worship attendance from 1946 to 
1 991 of churches that existed in 1 946 
was 1 7 percent. But the average wor- 
ship attendance increase including 
those churches started since 1946 
was 67 percent! Also, these 34 new 
churches accounted for 27 percent of 
all existing Brethren churches in 1 991 . 

In 1 991 , the median worship attend- 
ance of churches started from 1 946 to 
1991 was 50 — somewhat less than 
the median of 62 for all Brethren 
churches. But in 1991 four of the 

churches started between 1946 and 
1991 were in the top ten of all Breth- 
ren churches in average worship at- 
tendance, namely: Brethren Fellow- 
ship of the Savior (1,000), Winding 
Waters (431), Jefferson (258), and 
Waterbrook (201). 

Clearly, without the planting of new 
Brethren churches from 1 946 to 1 991 , 
The Brethren Church as a whole 
would have shown a statistically insig- 
nificant growth in average worship at- 
tendance. New churches have been 
effective in reaching new people. 

(Statistics were drawn from an un- 
published report compiled in 1990 by 
Bill Walk using 1946/47 statistical 
reports; The Brethren Church Annual 
Report 1991; and "Planting Brethren 
Churches, " an unpublished paper writ- 
ten by Bradley Weidenhamer in 1990, 
updated with information about new 
churches started since that time.) 

Average Worship Attendance 

All churches that existed in 1946 

All churches started from 1946 to 1991 

Total Average Worship Attendance 





6,759 11,292 +67% 

*Where statistics for 1946 were unavailable, 1947 figures were used. 

April 1993 

A National Call to United Prayer 

Issued by the National Consultation on United Prayer 

ON JANUARY 20 the eyes of 
the world were focused on the 
inauguration of incoming Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton in Washington, 
D.C. As political leaders gathered 
in the nation's capital, more than 
300 Christian leaders from 36 
states, representing 166 organiza- 
tions, gathered in Colorado Springs, 
Colorado, to intercede for the na- 
tion and issue a call to prayer and 
repentance within the church, a 
call that many Christians believe 
will inaugurate a new era of 
spiritual leadership toward revival 
in America. 

The historic gathering, dubbed 
the National Consultation on 
United Prayer (N-CUP), drew 
Christian leaders from across 
denominational lines. Begin- 
ning on Inauguration Day, the 
leaders spent two days in 
united prayer for spiritual 
renewal within the Body of 
Christ and for reconciliation 
and evangelism. Ronald W. 
Waters, Director of Brethren 
Church Ministries, repre- 
sented The Brethren Church 
at this historic consultation. 

into prayer for revival, and to call 
us to prayer that will be sustained 
until God grants it. 

"In this one thing we will be 
agreed, and to this one objective 
we will press, that we will, in 
covenant with one another, and 
with God, summon His people to 
this work of prayer for revival, be- 
cause there is no other hope for the 

Prayer for President Clinton 

As one of the first orders of busi- 
ness, Dick Eastman, president of 
Every Home for Christ and chair- 
man of America's National Prayer 
Committee, the body which or- 
ganized the consultation, called 
the 300 delegates to a special ses- 

A unique gathering 

David Bryant, president of 
Concerts of Prayer Interna- 
tional and a key organizer of 
the N-CUP gathering, set the 
stage for the event in his open- 
ing remarks to the delegates. 
"This is a most unique and 
historic gathering," Bryant 
said. "Because what we're 
seeking, under God, to see 
happen in the next 24 hours is 
that God would inaugurate in 
this land a new level of leader- 
ship, united to call this nation 

NOTE: The "National Call to 
United Prayer" may be repro- 
duced and distributed without 
prior permission from the Nation- 
al Prayer Committee. 


The Call 

We recognize our absolute dependence on 
God and our desperate need for divine inter- 

We believe God is urging us to call all Chris- 
tians of America to unite in humility and repent- 
ance across ethnic and church boundaries to 
pray persistently for a moral and spiritual 
awakening in the Body of Christ. 

We believe this will greatly advance His 
Kingdom in our nation and worldwide. 

The Covenant 

We covenant to obey this call by taking the 
following actions: 

• We will promote this call as broadly as pos- 

• Individually, we will commune with God and 
pray with faith daily. 

• We will encourage and participate regularly in 
corporate, believing prayer. 

• We will fast as God prompts us. 

• Feeling incomplete without embracing God's 
family from all races, we will seek reconciliation 
and participation with all our brothers and 

• We will pray until God sovereignly acts. 

Endorsed by Ronald W. Waters, Director of Breth- 
ren Church Ministries, on January 21, 1993; and by 
the Moderator, Moderator-Elect, and past Moderator 
of General Conference on January 26, 1993. 

sion of prayer for President Bill 
Clinton and his new administra- 
tion. The delegates also signed a 
letter addressed to the President 
confirming their ongoing prayer 
support for President Clinton, Vice 
President Gore, and their families. 
More prayer followed for the new 
President in a three-and-one-half- 
hour prayer session on the second 
day, which focused prayer on the 
needs of the nation and its leaders. 
Dr. Paul Cedar, president of the 
Evangelical Free Church of 
America and one of many denom- 
inational representatives present, 
explained the importance of the 
N-CUP call to prayer and revival 
in his address to the gathering on 
the second day of meetings. He 
believes revival must first 
begin with the church. 

"Secular society in America 
today recognizes that we are 
in an incredible decline," Dr. 
Cedar noted. "The reason why 
the United States is in dis- 
grace today is the problem of 
the church. The Church of 
Jesus Christ today is in 
trouble. The Church of Jesus 
Christ is in disgrace. 

Prayer the key to revival 

"The future of the nation 
depends much more upon this 
meeting than on what hap- 
pened at the inauguration in 
Washington, D.C, yesterday. 
We need to pray for the res- 
toration of the church so that 
it may lead to the restoration 
of the nation. Prayer is the 
key to revival. Prayer is the 
key to evangelism.'' 

At the end of the consulta- 
tion, a subcommittee drafted a 
call to prayer and a covenant 
(at left) that the delegates 
unanimously accepted and 
agreed to implement within 
their respective spheres of in- 

The Brethren Evangelist 

fluence. Many agreed to reprint 
the "National Call to United 
Prayer" in denominational and or- 
ganizational newsletters and to 
distribute individual copies to 
other pastors and church leaders. 

N-CUP delegates, along with 
believers from across the nation, 
were also urged to participate in 
the upcoming National Day of 
Prayer on Thursday, May 6. Inter- 

cessors are asked to pray individ- 
ually for the nation and its leaders 
on May 6, and help organize prayer 
events through local churches that 
will bring Christians to their knees 
in prayer for the nation. 

Intercessors for our nation 

"In Ezekiel 22 the Lord says He 
looks in vain for someone to stand 
in the gap, and we are intercessors 

for our nation," said Shirley Dob- 
son, chair of the National Day of 
Prayer Task Force and wife of Dr. 
James Dobson of Focus on the 
Family. "So on May 6 we are going 
to be lifting up this nation before 
God. We're going to be repenting 
for its sins, the sins of immorality, 
the sins of idolatry — we're going 
to bring this nation before the Lord 
because that's our only hope." [f] 







Jdu ( William -J\zin£.x 

$ if2*3°ltt# 

Rev. Kerner, retired Brethren pastor and 

M former Director of Pastoral Ministries for The 

M Brethren Church, is currently serving as interim 

H pastor of the Tucson, Ariz., First Brethren 

H Church. This article appeared in the Tucson 

M Church newsletter and is reprinted here with 

m Rev. Kerner 's permission. 

THE WEDDING was over. Joe and his bride were 
alone at last. As the car pulled away from the curb, 
the bride moved to the far end of the seat and said, 
"Joe, take me home!" 

"Home!" Joe exclaimed. "But we haven't started our 
honeymoon yet." 

"Joe," the bride said, "I'm glad we're married. We 
belong to each other, and I can use your name as mine. 
But please, I want to go back to my old apartment. 

"Now that we're married, I'll try to see you once a 
week. But as far as living with you is concerned, noth- 
ing doing! I'm going back to my old occupation, to my 
old friends, and to my old way of life. 

"Oh yes, I do love you! I've accepted you as my hus- 
band, haven't I? I belong to you forever. But I refuse to 
let you interfere with my life. 

"Of course, if I'm sick or if I need money, I'll call you 
at once, because after all, I accepted you as my hus- 
band. But in the meantime, thank you for being loving 
to me. Thank you for being my husband. But just keep 
your hands off of my life." 

What to do you think of these newlyweds? Marriage? 
Hardly! And yet there are those who call themselves 
Christians whose attitude toward Jesus is exactly the 
same as this bride's attitude toward her husband. 

They say, in effect, if not in so many words: "Jesus, 
I have accepted you as my Savior. Thank you for 
saving me. Now leave me alone! 

"I'm going back to my old way of life. I'll expect you 
to help me if I need it, since you are my Savior. But as 
for living with you, nothing doing! Of course, when I 
die, I want to come and share the home you have 
prepared for me. But I hope that won't be for a long, 
long time!" 

The Apostle Paul uses marriage as an illustration of 
the relationship between believers and Christ. He says 
that the Holy Spirit comes to you and points you to the 
Christ who died for your sins and who rose again. Then 
the Spirit asks, "Will you take Jesus to be your Savior 
and Lord for all eternity?" 

Then the believer answers, "I will." From the mo- 
ment you come up out of the waters of baptism, you are 
"married" to another, even to Him who was raised from 
the dead. 

"So, my brothers, you also died to the law through 
the body of Christ, that you might belong to another, 
to him who was raised from the dead, in order that we 
might bear fruit to God" (Romans 7:4, NIV). [f] 










April 1993 

Homestead, Florida, Revisited 

Six months after Hurricane Andrew 

After Hurricane Andrew hit southern 
Florida last August, members of the 
Sarasota, Fla., First Brethren Church 
made three mission trips to Homestead 
to help with the clean up. In February, 
three members of those work teams — 
Linda and Jeff Yoder and Mark Ray — 
made a return trip to the area where 
they had served. Mr. Ray, Director of 
Ministries and Youth at the Sarasota 
Church, sent the following report. 

have passed since Hurricane 
Andrew cut a swath of destruction 
across southern Florida and into 
Louisiana. For many of us, Andrew 
has become a faded memory of a 
tragic event gone by. But for res- 
idents of Homestead and Florida 
City, what we faintly remember is 
still a present reality. The shadow 
of Hurricane Andrew lingers with 
them daily. 

Recovery has been extremely 
slow in southern Florida. Accord- 
ing to some estimates, less than 
half of the homes and one-third of 
the businesses have been rebuilt. 
Many scenes have changed little 
since the end of the hurricane. 

Many homes, abandoned by 

their overwhelmed and uninsured 
owners, look the same as they did 
last September — no roofs, clothes 
in the closets, belongings in ruins 
inside. Many people are still trying 
to settle with their insurance com- 

Piles of trash still sit beside the 
roads, waiting to be picked up and 
hauled to one of the many "moun- 


By Mark Ray 

tains" of rubble that lie beyond the 
Homestead city limits. It is still a 
city without trees, as it will be for 
years to come. 

Much Good News 

Despite all that has not yet been 
accomplished, there is much good 
news. Many people are back on 
their feet and living in homes that 
are nicer than before. Power and 
telephone lines are operational; 
mail service is regular; flowers are 
blooming; and even street signs 
have been put back into place. 

Especially encouraging are the 
testimonies and reports we re- 
ceived from families we assisted. 
All of the families whom we helped 
have either com- 
pletely recovered 
and rebuilt, or 
they have at least 
settled with their 
insurance com- 
panies and have 
plans to rebuild. 

Upon our return 
visit to Home- 
stead in February, 
we were enthusi- 

At left, the 
home of the 
Leon fam- 
ily sfiortly 
after the 
clean up). 
Above, the 
home in 

astically greeted by the friends we 
had made there in August and 
September. Each family was quick 
to offer us a tour of their "new" 
home. As we walked through those 
homes, we were amazed by the 
transformation that had taken 

Their gratitude was especially 
moving. Tearfully, they expressed 

their thankfulness to God for His 
protection and strength, and to us 
for our help and encouragement. 

The Leon family, which lost every- 
thing (as reported in the October 1992 
issue of the Evangelist), credited 
their tenacity and their decision to 
remain and rebuild in Homestead 
to our work teams and the en- 
couragement we offered by our 
presence and our assistance. 

They expressed a tremendous 
amount of gratitude to all the 
Brethren who prayed for them and 
helped them, whether directly or 
indirectly. Mr. Leon also expressed 
regret — regret that there is not a 
Brethren church in their area in 
which they could be involved. He 

said, "It is comforting to know that 
there are people like the Brethren 
who are living out their faith and 
helping others." 

According to the Leons and 
others, life is gradually returning 
to "normal." The children go to 
school; the parents go to work; and 
they come home to a half-built 
house and a travel trailer. Each 
day moves them one step closer to 
total recovery, but the process will 
continue to be slow. 

Because Hurricane Andrew is 
still very much a reality for the 
people of Homestead, our prayers 
and encouragement are still need- 
ed. And on behalf of our friends in 
Homestead, we extend their 
thanks and appreciation for your 
past prayers and gifts. [f] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

World Relief 

The Church's Ministry: 

Providing Hope for a Changing World 

By Dr. Arthur Evans Gay, Jr., Executive Director 
World Relief Corporation of the National Association of Evangelicals 

one of World Relief's key 
partners, helping World Relief 
provide "food for the body and food 
for the soul" in front-line ministry 
regions of the world. This part- 
nership is especially important in 
a rapidly-changing world. 

While changing political reali- 
ties have led to war and persecu- 
tion in Yugoslavia and Somalia, 
poverty and hunger are the result 
of economic and environmental 
changes in many other nations. 
Your support of World Reliefs 
ministry this month helps provide 
hope in the midst of change to thou- 
sands of people around the world. 

India — "Everyone in the 
Brethren Mission in India is 
happy and thankful to World 
Relief for helping us to help the 
suffering and poor in India," 
writes Rev. K. Prasanth Kumar, 
National Director of the Brethren 
Mission in India. World Relief 
supports Brethren Mission min- 
istries including nutrition and 
health projects and income- 
generation activities such as 
sewing and typewriting training. 

Yugoslavia — Through 
partner agency Front Line Out- 
reach, World Relief helped pro- 
vide more than $250,000 worth of 
donated goods, including medical 
supplies, heaters, clothes, and 
toys in the Bosnian city of Mo- 
star. "We conducted evangelistic 
services every night," reported 
Kevin Turner of Front Line Out- 
reach. "The place was packed out 
with Muslims, Serbs and 
Croatians every single night. And 
we shared from our hearts." In 
addition to ministries in Bosnia- 
Herzegovina, local churches and 
World Relief are meeting physical 
and spiritual needs of the war- 
torn population in the republics 
of Croatia, Serbia, and Slovenia. 

Somalia — "It's 
very sad. In many 
villages, you have 
all women; all the 
men have been 
wiped out," re- 
ports David Lou- 
don, Director of 
Operations for 
Africa, after a 
recent trip to 
Somalia. In the 
midst of massive 
hunger, however, 
"Somalis are see- 
ing the love and 
example of Chris- 
tians," Loudon 
adds. To combat 
diseases which 

have ravaged Somalia, World 
Relief provided much-needed 
medical supplies through partner 
agency World Concern. World 
Relief also helped church 
partners in Kenya dig wells for 
Somalian refugees who fled their 
violent homeland. 

Mozambique — "Because of 
the hard times, people are turn- 
ing to God. We had war; now, 
thank God, it is over," said Rev. 
Inacio Joaquim de Matos, a pas- 
tor in Chokwe. In one of the 
largest relief efforts in World 
Relief history, World Relief 
delivered food as well as seeds 
and tools to thousands of famine 
victims. Teams have drilled 22 
wells for drought-prone villages. 
In addition, a recent peace treaty 
has brought new hope to one of 
the world's poorest and most 
violent nations. 

Peru — World Relief is work- 
ing on two fronts in this needy 
nation: assisting partner agency 
the Luke Society in its crucial 
ministry of child health pro- 
grams; and supporting the front- 
line ministries of indigenous 

Dr. Arthur Gay and a woman in Mozambique ex- 
amine relief materials. 

Quechua-speaking evangelicals 
as they battle malnutrition, pov- 
erty, homelessness, drought, dis- 
ease, illiteracy, and unemployment. 
USA — "My children and I are 
some of the fortunate few," said 
Abdulli Ibrahim Hassan after 
coming to North Carolina from 
his homeland, Somalia. Hassan 
and his family are some of the 
150 Somalian refugees — victims 
of violence and persecution — that 
World Relief and local churches 
helped begin new lives in the U.S. 
in the past year. In 1993, World 
Relief will link 250 to 350 
Somalian refugees with churches 
who are part of World Reliefs 
Good Samaritan Network. 

THESE are just some of the 
ministries The Brethren 
Church has helped support this 
past year. As God leads us to- 
gether, World Relief will continue 
to minister to those who are suf- 
fering in 1993. We have a great 
task ahead of us. With the help of 
the people of The Brethren Church, 
we can go and provide "food for the 
body and food for the soul." [f] 

April 1993 


World Relief 


In countries both near at hand and far away, World Relief of the National Association 
of Evangelicals is working to alleviate human suffering in the name of Christ. Working 
through local churches and church-related agencies, World Relief helps meet the crisis 
needs of those affected by disasters. But it goes beyond that to provide long-term develop- 

USA — Helping 10,071 refugees 
begin new lives in more than 25 
U.S. cities in 1992, one of World 
Reliefs biggest years in refugee 

Guatemala — Supporting the 
church-based agency ASIDE, 
which provides the poorest high- 
land people with small loans so 
they can earn a better living, keep- 
ing children well-fed and in school. 

Honduras — Fighting malnutrition and disease in chil- 
dren by educating mothers about health and nutrition. 
Providing women with small loans for businesses so 
they have the ability to feed and clothe their children. 

Nicaragua — Helping families replace basic equipment 
destroyed by a tidal wave following an earthquake; 
teaching farmers to make their land more productive by 
planting trees, constructing soil erosion barriers, and dig- 
ging ditches that absorb excess water. 

Peru — Assisting in child 
health programs and sup- 
porting Quechua speaking 
evangelicals battle malnutri- 
tion, poverty, homelessness, 
drought, disease, illiteracy, 
and unemployment. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Mozambique — Carry- 
ing out one of the 
largest relief efforts 
in World Relief history 
in this famine-stricken 
country, helping to 
feed 80,000 people for 
three months; drilling 
wells and providing 
seeds and tools to 

Malawi — Working with 
evangelical churches to 
teach people how to plant 
drought-resistant crops. 

Cambodia — Providing 
mothers, many who are 
war widows, with loans 
to begin small business 
ventures and health 
training so they can feed 
and better care for their 

April 1993 


World Relief 

World Relief Giving in 1992 

How Much Was Received? 

A total of $88,477 was received 
for Brethren World Relief in 1992 
from Brethren churches and in- 
dividuals. This was $2,363 more 
than was received in 1991, repre- 
senting a 2.7 percent increase. 

Until August, giving for World 
Relief lagged behind the 1991 pace, 
but an outpouring of donations in 
response to Hurricane Andrew 
pushed the year-end total beyond 
that of 1991. In all, $16,900 for 
Hurricane Andrew relief work 
was received. 

Sixty-two congregations, or just 
over half, gave at least 100 per- 
cent of their full General Confer- 
ence approved World Relief Fair 
Share support (based on $6.00 
per Church Growth Index* point). 
Of these, 27 gave at least double 

'Church Growth Index = (member- 
ship + average SS attendance + average 
worship attendance) divided by 3. 

their full Fair Share. As a result, 
total denominational giving for 
World Relief was 138 percent of 
the designated Fair Share, 
despite the fact that 29 congrega- 
tions gave nothing. 

To the right is a list of the ten 
churches that gave the most to 
World Relief in 1992. As you 
might expect, some of these are 
among our larger churches; but 
some are not. (To give you an idea 
of its size, the Church Growth 
Index* of each church is given in 
parentheses after its name.) 

But because size is a factor in 
total giving, a list of the top 14 
churches according to the per- 
sentage of their Fair Share they 
gave is also shown. Note the three 
churches in both lists! (All churches 
giving 300% or more are listed.) 

How Was It Distributed? 

The majority of the money 
received went to World Relief of 

Hurricane Andrew Recovery 

World Relief of NAE has worked 
with other agencies in the rebuilding 
of Dade County, Florida, through 
ICARE (Interfaith Coalition for the 
Andrew Recovery Effort). This is a 
coalition of groups in which each 
agency works in its area of expertise 
in order to facilitate relief efforts. 

By four months after the disaster, 
ICARE had coordinated the rebuild- 
ing of 1,800 homes for people with- 
out insurance. Another 1,000 homes 
are scheduled to be completed by 
August, with 600 more to be rebuilt 
in the second year. 

World Relief's strategic role in 
ICARE is assisting in the coordina- 
tion of the work of the various agen- 
cies. Other strengths that World 
Relief brings to the coalition are its 
church relations network and the 
supplying of church-based volunteer 
work crews. ICARE-member Hab- 
itat for Humanity excels in construc- 

tion of homes. Other evangelical 
groups in the coalition include the 
Southern Baptists, Masterserve, 
Samaritan's Purse, and Youth for 
Christ in Miami and Ft. Lauderdale. 

"Charity and government officials 
agree: It is the non-profit organiza- 
tions and volunteers, most church- 
based and most from out of town, 
who are largely responsible for what 
little has been done in southern Dade 
County," reports The Chronicle of 
Philanthropy. Voluntary groups 
have been able to accomplish so 
much more than others "because 
we've been able to cut through the 
red tape," says Tom Willey, World 
Reliefs Miami area director. 

The rebuilding of Dade County is 
expected to take five years, thus 
volunteer groups continue to be 
needed. Groups interested in helping 
should contact Tom Willey by call- 
ing 305-541-8320. 

Top Ten Churches in Total 
Giving to World Relief 1 



Winding Waters (326) 
St. James (282) 
Jefferson (226) 
South Bend (102) 
Smoky Row (75) 
Park Street (372) 

Vinrn M4fi* 



New Lebanon (252) 
Brighton Chapel (139) 
Mt. Olive (148) 



Top Churches in Percentage 

Giving to World Relief 1 

1. Center Chapel (36) 


2. St. Petersburg (11) 


3. Smoky Row (75) 


4. Mt. Olivet (22) 


5. Teegarden (23) 


6. South Bend (102) 


7. Valley (74) 


8. Raystown (23) 


9. Bethlehem (58) 


10. Williamstown (29) 


11. Northgate (58) 


12. Stockton (49) 


13. V1nco(146) 


14. White Dale (15) 


NAE for its relief and develop- 
ment work around the world. (See 
the previous three pages to learn 
how this money was put to work.) 
Small amounts were given to the 
Disaster Response Program of the 
Church of the Brethren ($1,000) 
and to the Cooperative Disaster 
Child Care Program ($500). 

Of the $16,900 designated for 
Hurricane Andrew relief, another 
$3,483 went to the Church of the 
Brethren Disaster Response Pro- 
gram for its relief work in Florida 
and Louisiana, and the rest to 
World Relief for its Hurricane 
Andrew relief work (see box), [f] 

Includes church contributions through 
January 1993 designated for 1992 as 
well as individual gifts sent directly to 
the National Office when the home church 
of the donor could be identified. 


The Brethren Evangelist 



Elkhart First Brethren Church Dedicates 
Remodeled and Enlarged Church Building 

Elkhart, Ind. — A dream of more than 
two years became reality on Sunday, 
February 7, at the Elkhart First Breth- 
ren Church when the congregation 
dedicated its remodeled and enlarged 
church building. 

The remodeling and enlarging project 
was undertaken to provide additional 
space in the sanctuary, more room for 
Sunday school classes, and a larger area 
for fellowship. 

Every room in the building was af- 
fected in some way by the work. Former 
office space was turned into an overflow 
area for the sanctuary, with the area 
doubling as Sunday school classrooms 
through use of a movable wall system. 
The old fellowship hall was transformed 
into three classrooms and a gathering 
area that can accommodate up to 40 
people for a meal. The main new con- 

struction was a 50- by 50-foot gymnasium. 
The dedication program, which fol- 
lowed a carry-in dinner, was a progres- 
sive service in which each part of the 
building was dedicated in succession. 

of the 
the exter- 
ior of the 
new gym- 


by Pastor 



The service began in the gymnasium, 
which was dedicated that all who enter 
might learn to know the Lord more fully 
through recreation, activities, fellow- 
ship, or Communion. The gathering 
area, with its picture window, was dedi- 
cated as a place from which to view the 
world and in which to envision and pray 
that the world might be reconciled to the 
Lord. Classrooms were dedicated for the 

Former office area was remodeled into two Sunday school classrooms. A movable 
wall system allows these rooms also to be used as sanctuary overflow space. 

purpose of building up the body through 
learning and interaction. 

The sanctuary was dedicated as a 
place in which the congregation's desire 
to worship and serve the Lord might be 
enlarged and in which hearts and lives 
would be filled to overflowing with God's 
love. The congregation also prayed for 
the Lord's help that this facility might 
continue to be a means of carrying on 
the unfinished task of reaching the lost 
with the truth of salvation and of in- 
creasing the faith of the gathered saints. 

The cost in dollars of the remodeling 
and new construction was $157,000. In 
addition, more than 55 individuals 
donated more than 600 hours of their 
time, which was spent in demolition, 
construction, clean-up, etc. 

— reported by Sherry Houghton, 
secretary for the building committee 

Men of Mission Plan to Work 
At Riverside Christian School 

Ashland, Ohio — Completion of the 
new classroom building at Riverside 
Christian Training School in Lost Creek, 
Ky., has been selected as the summer 
work project for the Brethren Men of 

The four weeks from June 14 to July 
10 have been designated as work weeks. 
During those four weeks the men plan 
to complete the following jobs: 

Electrical: hang ceiling fixtures; pull 
wires; install switches, outlets, alarm 
system, exit lights, and emergency lights. 

April 1993 

Plumbingflieating: run hot water 
pipe system from boiler room to class- 
rooms; install room heater units. 

Carpentry: build coat closets, stor- 
age units, and trophy cases; install 
chalkboards; hang doors. 

Miscellaneous: install suspended 
ceiling and floor covering; paint walls; 
install fire escape; possibly other jobs. 

With the completion of the above jobs 
by July 10, the remaining weeks until 
the beginning of school can be used to 
move into the classrooms. Additional 
help will be needed at that time to assist 
with the moving. 

In order to complete the building, an 
estimated $50,000 in additional funds is 

needed to purchase materials. Men of 
Mission groups are being asked to con- 
tribute toward this need. The staff at 
Riverside is also seeking to raise funds. 
Letters with more details about the 
work project have been sent to pastors 
and local Men of Mission leaders. For 
additional information or to volunteer 
to help, contact Project Committee 
members Dorman Ronk of Ashland 
(419-281-3050) or De Wayne Lusch of 
Huntington, Ind. (219-356-3384). 

Sometimes God calms the storm — 
and sometime He lets the storm rage 
and calms His child. 

— Author unknown 



Participating in the Nappanee mortgage burning are (I. to r.) Moderator Joe 
Baumgartner, Pastor Ken Hunn, Trustees Chairman Todd Sheets, Former Pastor 
Aluin Shifflett, and Finance Committee Chairman Merle Holden. 

Nappanee First Brethern Church Burns 
Mortgage on Building Constructed in 1989 

Nappanee, Ind. — With the words "He 
is good; His love endures forever" from 
2 Chronicles 5, the congregation of the 
Nappanee First Brethren Church ex- 
pressed its gratitude to God as it 
burned the mortgage on its four-year- 
old church facility on Sunday, March 14, 
during the ten o'clock worship service. 

Just four years earlier the congrega- 
tion had moved into its new $750,000 
facility with a $300,000 debt. The mort- 
gage-burning celebration was an ex- 
pression of praise to God as the con- 
gregation gave wit- 
ness to His miracles 
of provision during 
the short duration of 
the mortgage. 

Special guests for 
the service were form- 
er pastor Dr. Alvin 
Shifflett and his wife 
Bunny. Dr. Shifflett 
pastored the Nap- 
panee congregation 
for 17 years (until 
June 1990), including 
the period during 
which the new facility 
was constructed and 

During the service 
Dr. Shifflett pre- 
sented a message on 
"Building the Church." 

3:1-2 and 5:1 as his text, Dr. Shifflett 
gave a biblical perspective on how God 
has worked in the past through people 
who worship and serve Him. 

The service also included a time of 
recognition for those who had given ex- 
ceptional service during the planning, 
construction, and financing phases of 
the new church facility. Current 
moderator Dr. Joe Baumgartner recog- 
nized those who had served as mod- 
erator during the period; Chairman J.B. 
Stillson recognized members of the 

Building Committee; and chairman 
Merle Holden recognized members of 
the Finance Committee. 

Participating in the actual burning of 
the mortgage were Dr. Baumgartner; 
Mr. Holden; Todd Sheets, chairman of 
the trustees; Dr. Shifflett; and Rev. Ken 
Hunn, the current pastor of the con- 
gregation. The mortgage was set on fire 
using a torch (candle) that had passed 
through the congregation, signifying 
the beginning of a new era of service and 
witness to the Nappanee community. 

Following this ceremony, Rev. Hunn 
challenged the congregation to look to 
the future in a message entitled "Vic- 
tory Brings Vision." He called upon the 
Nappanee Brethren to use the "victory" 
of a debt-free building as the basis of a 
"vision" of what the Lord would yet do 
through them. He also challenged them 
to bring the changeless gospel to a 
changing world as a witness to the com- 
munity and as an example for other 
Brethren churches. Following the chal- 
lenge by Pastor Hunn, the 290 people in 
attendance participated in a litany of 
rededication of their own lives and of the 
church building to God. 

Special music for the service was 
presented by both the Children's and 
Adult Choirs of the church. A fellowship 
meal in the church activity center fol- 
lowed the service. 

The 24,000-square-foot church facility 
of the Nappanee congregation was ded- 
icated on June 11, 1989. It includes a 
sanctuary that seats 400, an activity 
center with an 84- by 48-foot playing 
floor plus a stage at one end, a large 
kitchen, nine classrooms, a sewing 
room, a nursery, library, several offices, 
narthex, storage rooms, and rest rooms. 
— reported by Pastor Ken Hunn 

Using 2 Chronicles 

A fellowship meal in the church activity center followed the mortgage-burning service. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Dorothea Kerlin Honored by Milford Church 
For 50-Plus Years of Teaching Sunday School 

Milford, Ind. — Dorothea Kerlin got a 
nice surprise during the worship serv- 
ice on St. Valentine's Day this year 
when at least one member of every 
family in the Milford First Brethren 
Church gave her a valentine. 

Mrs. Kerlin received these cards not 
only to help her celebrate Valentine's 
Day, but also to show appreciation to 
her for her more than 50 years of teach- 
ing Sunday school at the church. 

The day of honoring Mrs. Kerlin 
began during the Sunday school hour, 
when the Sunday school class she had 
taught until recently presented her a 
corsage. "I figured they must have been 
glad to have gotten rid of me since I 
retired from Sunday school teaching in 
January,'' Mrs. Kerlin remarked. 

Then during the worship service 
Bruce Nile, chair of the ministry of 
education, called Mrs. Kerlin to the 
front of the sanctuary where he gave her 
a plaque and a dozen roses on behalf of 
the congregation. Following this pre- 
sentation, Pastor Paul Tinkel asked, "I 
wonder if anyone else has anything for 
Dorothea?" Whereupon the little ones in 
the congregation came forward with 
valentines, followed by at least one 
member of every family in the congrega- 
tion. The highlight of the whole thing 
was that I got to kiss every man in the 
Church!" Mrs. Kerlin said. 

Mrs. Kerlin began teaching Sunday 
school at the Milford Church in 1933. 
The 94-year-old has attended the church 
for 83 years and has served in almost 
every capacity in the congregation. 

Her first Sunday school class was a 
group of children around 11 or 12 years 

old, whom 
she taught 
until they 
high school. 
The last class 
she taught 
was a group 
of senior 
adults. One 
of the men 
in that class 
had also been 

Dorothea Kerlin with 
her plaque and roses. 

"I am noted for my association with 
this church," she says. The church real- 
ly means a lot to me. I believe it's the 
oldest building in Milford. It was built 
in 1883. I sit at my kitchen table to eat 
and I look out at my old church and I 
just pray that nothing happens to it. 

"Because the building is old and is 
deteriorating, we are not sure what's 
going to happen to it. I've told everyone 
that they can't do anything to destroy 
this building until I die, and I keep 
living so they can't touch it." 

Mrs. Kerlin says she feels that it's her 
goal in life to influence. She accom- 
plished this goal not only by teaching 
Sunday school for more than 50 years, 
but also by serving as a librarian at the 

Members of the Milford First Brethren Church wait in line to present their 

valentines to Dorothea Kerlin. 

a member of the first group she taught. 
Even though Mrs. Kerlin has given up 
teaching Sunday school, she isn't about 
to retire from church activities. In addi- 
tion to Sunday services, she attends a 
Tuesday morning prayer fellowship, a 
Wednesday 6:30 a.m. prayer session, 
and a Wednesday evening Bible class. 

Photos by Rich Rhodes. 

Milford Library for 47 years. She retired 
from the library in 1973. In these posi- 
tions she was able to influence the lives 
of many children. 

— Both the content and the quotations in 
this article were taken from an article by 
Melissa Mielke that appeared in The Mail 
Journal, the local Milford newspaper. 

"Witnesses to the World: Begin Where We Are" 
Is Theme of N. California District Conference 

Manteca, Calif. — "Witnesses to the 
World: Begin Where We Are" (Acts 1:8 
and Mark 5:19) was the theme of the 
Northern California District Confer- 
ence held February 26-28 in Manteca 
at the Northgate Community Brethren 
Church. Alan Schmiedt of the North- 
gate congregation presided as modera- 
tor of the conference. 

The district made good use of the de- 
nominational executives attending the 
conference, asking them to serve as 
speakers and workshop leaders. Ronald 
W. Waters addressed the conference 
Friday night on outreach in the local 
community. James R. Black spoke Sat- 


urday night on outreach to the world. 
And David Cooksey addressed the sub- 
ject of church leadership Sunday night. 
Attendances for the nightly inspira- 
tional meetings were up from previous 
years, toppinglOO two evenings. 

Three Saturday morning workshops 
were: "Spiritual Formation," led by Car- 
olyn Cooksey and Fred Finks; "Passing 
On the Promise," led by Ronald W. Waters; 
and "Missions," led by James R. Black. 

Other special events of the conference 
included a spaghetti dinner served by 
the host congregation and a conference 
singspiration that featured the musical 
talent of the district. Delicious snacks 

were provided nightly after the services 
by district churches. 

Tony Price, representing the Nation- 
al BYIC Steering Committee, assisted 
the district youth in organizing and 
planning for the future. 

A total of 33 delegates and four alter- 
nates from the three churches were 
seated for the Saturday afternoon busi- 
ness meeting. Marshall Lehr from 
Northgate was installed as the new 
moderator. Newly elected officers were 
Mac Freeman, moderator-elect; Cheryl 
Schmiedt, secretary; Carolyn Bennett, 
treasurer; and Delores Soderfelt and 
Bill Nichols, members at-large of the 
board of directors. 

The 1994 conference will hosted by 
Stockton at a date to be set later. 

—Ronald W. Waters 



Everette and Irma Rodgers are Named 
Sweetheart Couple of Year at Mt. Olive 

Pineville, Va. — Everette and Irma 
Rodgers were honored as "Sweetheart 
Couple of the Year" by the Mt. Olive 
Brethren Church February 14 at the con- 
gregation's annual Sweetheart Banquet. 

Approximately 110 people were pres- 
ent to honor the Rodgers and to share in 
the carry-in banquet. Many of those 
present expressed their appreciation for 
the friendship the Sweetheart Couple 
has shown them through the years. A 
table of pictures from the couple's past 
was on display for all to enjoy. 

Everette and Irma were married on 
July 26, 1941. Both have been members 
of the Mount Olive Church for more 
than 50 years, and both serve on the 
Deacon Board. Everette currently is a 
Sunday school teacher and serves as 
director of Christian education. Irma 
helps with the Pioneer Youth Program 
and is a member of the W.M.S. They 
have three children — Douglas, Linda 
(Swanson), and Paulette (Symolon) — 
and twelve grandchildren, seven of 
whom are adopted. 

A "How Well Do you Know Your 
Spouse?" game followed the meal, with 
four couples participating. David and 
Debbie Raynes and Mike and Becky 

Lambert tied for the win, with David 
and Lisa Armstrong and Neil and Shel- 
by Hinkle finishing close behind. 

The banquet was planned by the Spe- 
cial Events Committee of the Mt. Olive 
Church, which also decorated the hall, 
provided a heart-shaped cake, and pur- 
chased corsages for the Sweetheart 


6 TTESil^^ 

:"" «■" 

Sweetheart Couple of the Year Everette and Irma Rodgers (I.) with last year's 
Sweetheart Couple, Margaret and Sam Hinkle. 

Missions Tea at Masontown 
Puts Spotlight on Malaysia 

Masontown, Pa. — Masontown Breth- 
ren had a special opportunity to learn 
more about Brethren mission work in 
the orient on March 7 at the church's 
Malaysian Missions Tea. 

During the Sunday school hour all 
classes from junior high through senior 
citizen met together to learn more about 

the work of Brethren missionaries 
David Loi in Johor Baru and David 
Chew in Penang, Malaysia. Pastor Rus- 
sell King provided background by giving 
an overview of the nation of Malaysia 
and of Brethren mission work there. 
Then a video of Brethren worship 
services in Malaysia was viewed. The 
Masontown Brethren joined in singing 
hymns that were common to them and 
the Malaysian church. They also 
showed considerable interest in the 

Masontown Pastor Russell King (I.) with Outreach Committee members (I. to r.) 
Dorothy Hess, Herb DeBolt, and Ruth Cumley, who planned the Missions Tea. 


religious climate in Malaysia and in the 
strong outreach to young people that 
characterizes The Brethren Church in 

Following the video, oriental refresh- 
ments were served by the Outreach 
Committee — Dorothy Hess, Herb De- 
Bolt, and Ruth Cumley — which had 
also planned the event. More than 40 
people enjoyed the tea, held in the 
church fellowship hall, which had been 
decorated with an oriental theme. 

Prayers at City Hall Urged 
On National Day of Prayer 

Tupelo, Miss. — Concerned Americans 
are being urged to "Meet at City Hall" 
to pray for our nation on Thursday, May 
6, this year's National Day of Prayer. 

Meet at City Hall is a simple concept. 
It involves people voluntarily meeting 
at their local city halls from 12:20 p.m. 
to 12:40 p.m. to pray for the moral re- 
birth of America. The event is open to 
anyone who wants to participate. 

Last year people in approximately 
3,500 communities across our nation 
met at their city halls to pray for our 
country. Sponsors of the event are 
hoping for an even greater turnout this 
year. Donald E. Wildmon, president of 
the American Family Association, serves 
as chair of the sponsoring group. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Dr. J.D. Hamel Overcomes Cancer; Holds 
Special Services at Bloomingdale Church 

Valrico, Fla. — Dr. J.D. Hamel defied 
death and held special evangelistic serv- 
ices February 6 and 7 at the Blooming- 
dale Brethren Church. 

The participation of Dr. Hamel was 
the most amazing part of the services, 
for just last December he was diagnosed 
with incurable, terminal cancer. God, 
however, cured the incurable, and Rev. 
Hamel is now completely free of the 

In addition to the messages by Dr. 
Hamel, the weekend services includ- 
ed a variety of special presentations. 
Steven and Shelly Miller from the 
Town and Country Brethren Church 
in Tampa sang a medley of choruses 
for the Saturday evening service. In 
addition, Jill Stone sang "How Beau- 
tiful (Is the Body of Christ)." 

On Sunday evening, Janice Nelson 
sang and led singing in the style of 
her predominantly African-American 
church in Tampa. Ms. Nelson has had 
a wide range of professional musical 

experiences, but she said that all that 
really matters is her B.A. (born again) 
in Jesus Christ. 

The Sunday evening service also in- 
cluded a solo by Tom Ross, the church's 
moderator, who sang "When God Ran." 
In addition, Bloomingdale members Bill 
and Theresa Cruz performed a mime illus- 
trating the parable of the Prodigal Son. 

Many of those attending were moved to 
tears during this climatic service. 

"We wish everyone in town could have 
seen what went on here this weekend," 
said Rev. David Stone, pastor of the 
Bloomingdale Church. "Those who at- 
tended were all blessed. We just pray 
that they were brought closer to God. 

"The highlight of the event was when 
Julia Colletti, the mother of one of our 
members, came forward on Sunday night 
to publicly declare her faith in Jesus 
Christ and to request baptism." 

— reported by Pastor David Stone 


Dr. J.D. 
ing the 
at the 

Rev. Mark Britton Installed 
As Pastor at Derby, Kansas 

Derby, Kans. — Rev. Mark Britton 
was installed on Sunday, January 17, 
as pastor of the First Brethren Church 
of Derby. 

Rev. Britton assumes the pastorate of 
the Derby Church as no stranger to the 
congregation, for he grew up in the 

church. The Derby Church saw him off 
to Ashland College in 1979, and now 
welcomes him back as their pastor in 
1993. In the intervening years he not 
only earned degrees at both Ashland 
College (University) and Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary, but he also marrried, 
and he and his wife Cathy have become 
the parents of three children — Ben, 
Emily, and Hanna. In addition, he 
served for four years as pastor of the 
First Brethren Church of Bryan, Ohio. 

Rev. Reilly Smith, pastor of the Mul- 
vane, Kans., Brethren Church, pre- 
sented the message for the installation 
service. Derby moderator John Wehr- 
man and deacon John Allison also took 
part in the service. Pastors from two 
other churches in Derby attended the 
installation service, as did several mem- 
bers of Mark's family. 

A carry-in dinner followed the 4:00 
p.m. installation service. 
— reported by Linda Perrine, recording sec. 

Rev. and Mrs. Mark 
(I.), Emily, and Hanna 

April 1993 

Britton with Ben 
(in her dad's arm). 

Meyersdale W.M.S. Sponsors 
Unusual Service on S. America 

Meyersdale, Pa — South America, its 
culture, climate, produce, and animal life, 
was the topic of a captivating Woman's 
Missionary Society public service held 
Wednesday evening, March 3, at Main 
Street Brethren Church in Meyersdale. 
The program was presented by Mrs. 
Robin Jennings, daughter of Rev. 
Robert and Nancy Stahl (pastor and 
wife of the Main Street Church). Mrs. 
Jennings described the rain forests of 
South America — their exotic birds and 
wildlife and the chorus of noises that 
emanates from the forests both day and 
night. Using native music, audience 
participation, and props created under 
her direction by the young people in 
attendance, she both informed and 
entertained her audience. 

Following the program, a taste meal 
of South American foods prepared by 
Mrs. Jennings was served. She explained 
that the foods were staples of South 
America. One of the main staples is 
beans, of which there are many vari- 
eties. Beans of one kind or another are 
used in some way daily in many parts of 
South America. Other foods in the taste 
meal included dried fruits, nuts, veg- 
etables, and Brazilian coffee. 

According to Helen Courtney, pres- 
ident of the Meyersdale W.M.S. , Mrs. 
Jennings gave a "really refreshing and 
unusual program, very interesting and 
enjoyed by everyone." She suggested 
that others interested in having her pre- 
sent a program could contact Mrs. Jen- 
nings at the Tribune Review in Greens- 
burg, Pa., where she works (phone 412- 
834-1 151), or call her at her home (412- 

— reported by Helen Courtney 





More than 30 people attended this year's 
Davenport Conference of the Central Dis- 
trict, held February 19-20 at the Iowa 
Machine Shed Restaurant in Davenport, 
Iowa. All of the churches of the district were 
represented. The program included singing 
with guitar accompaniment by Rev. Bob 
Schubert, interim pastor of the Lanark, 111., 
First Brethren Church; readings by Joyce 
Michael; and small-group Bible studies of 
Moses and Joseph with group leadership by 
Phil Michael, moderator of the Central Dis- 
trict, using materials prepared by Dr. 
Michael Gleason, Director of Religious 
Life at Ashland University. 

The men of the Oak Hill, W. Va., First 
Brethren Church held their annual Lay- 
men's Bake-Off on March 6 to raise money 

for the needy. The men of the church baked 
cakes which were judged in various 
categories, then auctioned off. The most 
unusual entry was monkey bread baked by 
Paul Fox; the most original was Canadian 
boiled fruitcake by Bill Nugen; the prettiest 
was Black Forest cherry cake baked by 
Pastor Bill Skeldon; and the entry raising 
the most money was a chocolate cake with 
peanut butter icing and banana trim by Ken- 
neth Nuckels. Approximately $250 was 
raised by the event. 

Rev. and Mrs. James R. Black were guest 
speakers at a Mission Conference held 
March 19-21 at the Milledgeville, 111., 
Brethren Church. Shirley Black, pres- 
ident of National W.M.S., spoke at the 
Friday evening service, and Rev. Black, 
Executive Director of the Missionary Board 
of the Brethren Church, spoke at a men's 
breakfast on Saturday morning and during 
the worship service on Sunday. 

Yet another Nigerian church leader in 
Ekklesiyar 'Yanuwa a Nigeria (EYN, the 
Church of the Brethren in Nigeria) has died 
as a result of an automobile accident. Pas- 
tor Mai Sule Biu, a longtime EYN leader 
and evangelist, died December 20 of in- 
juries from an accident that occurred Decem- 
ber 13. The accident initially claimed the 
life of Rev. Boaz Maina {reported in the 

February issue, p. 22), who had begun serv- 
ing as general secretary of EYN following 
the October 1 1 death in an automobile ac- 
cident of general secretary Dr. John Guli 
(reported in the November issue, p. 19). 

Mai Sule, Boaz Maina, and four others 
were traveling to Maiduguri to participate 

in an ordination 
service when the 
accident oc- 
curred. The left 
rear tire of the 
vehicle lost its 
tread, causing 
the car to veer 
off the road 
where it struck a 
tree. Boaz Maina 
died shortly after 
the accident, and 
Mai Sule died a 
week later from 
arising from in- 
ternal injuries. 
Two other passengers were also hospital- 
ized, but they recovered from their injuries. 
Pastor Mai Sule was noted as a hymn 
composer, musician, and song leader. He is 
fondly remembered by former Brethren 
missionaries to Nigeria. He visited the 
United States in 1972. 

Pastor Mai Sule Biu 

In Memory 

Ellen Kiefer, 74, March 1 8. Faithful member for 
65 years of the Warsaw First Brethren Church, 
where she was active in W.M.S., served as a 
Sisterhood patroness, and held various church 
offices over the years. She raised thousands of 
dollars for missions by recycling aluminum cans. 
She was always willing to teach Sunday school 
or VBS or lead a Bible study. A 1940 graduate 
of Ashland University, she continued to be an 
avid AU sports fan throughout her life. Services 
by Pastor Mitchell Funkhouser. 
Inez M. Yankee, 90, March 1 7. Member of the 
Ardmorc Brethren Church. Services by Pastor 
William Shipman. 

Don Kerr, 46, March 1 1 . Member of the Pleasant 
View Brethren Church. Services by Pastor R. 
Keith Hensley. 

Marcy Mabry, 51, March 10. Member of The 
Brethren Church at New Lebanon. Services by 
Pastor James F. Black. 

Bradley Shawn Morris, 26, March 10 (of in- 
juries suffered in an industrial accident). Member 
of the Loree First Brethren Church. Services by 
Pastor James Thomas. 

Jesse R. Waldenville, 77, March 8. Friend of the 
Pleasant View Brethren Church. Services by Pas- 
tor R. Keith Hensley. 

Velma Irene Jones, 90, March 1 . Charter mem- 
ber of the Kokomo First Brethren Church. 
Shirley Ann Lamoreaux, 58, March 1. Friend 
of the Pleasant View Brethren Church. Services 
by Pastor R. Keith Hensley. 
Lavohn Amberg, 88, February 28. Member of 
the North Manchester First Brethren Church. 

Services by Rev. Woodrow Immel and Pastor 
Marlin McCann. 

Helen Brnich, 65, February 28. Member of the 
Masontown Brethren Church. Services by Pastor 
Russell King. 

Frank E. Robarge, 80, February 26. Member for 
49 years of the Bryan First Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Russell Coy. 
Norman D. Michael, 84, February 24. Member 
for 60 years of the Gratis First Brethren Church, 
where he served as Sunday school superintendent 
and teacher, trustee, treasurer for 13 years, and 
was a member of the Brethren Men of Mission. 
A carpenter by trade, he did some work at River- 
side Christian Training School many years ago. 
Services by Rev. James F. Black. 
Robert Rideuour, 83, January 30. Active mem- 
ber for many years of the Roann First Brethren 


Rogene Deets to George Kepner, March 28, at 
the Milledgeville Brethren Church; Pastor Ken- 
neth Sullivan officiating. Bride a member of the 
Milledgeville Brethren Church. 
Kristine Ashton to Kyle Kimball, December 
19, in Middletown, Ind.; Dr. Dan Lawson and 
Rev. David Waters officiating. Bride a member 
of the Oakville First Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Warsaw: 4 by transfer 

Cerro Gordo: 2 by transfer 

Williams! own: 1 by baptism 

Pleasant View: 3 by baptism 

North Manchester: 2 by transfer 

Church, where he served as Sunday school super- 
intendent and teacher. A woodworker, he made 
various items for the church. He lived in Florida 
for a number of years, where he was active in the 
Sarasota First Brethren Church and designed the 
Sarasota Church building. Following retirement, 
he returned to Roann where he attended regularly 
until his death. Services by Pastor Phil Medsger. 
Mae Miller, 85, January 22. Member for 15 
years of the Roann First Brethren Church, where 
she was a deaconess and W.M.S. member and 
quietly helped many young people with her time 
and finances. Services by Pastor Phil Medsger. 
B. Melvin Peugh, 70, December 28. Member of 
the Milledgeville Brethren Church. Services by 
Pastor Kenneth Sullivan. 


Clifford and Vera Graft, 55th, April 30. Mem- 
bers of the Loree First Brethren Church. 
Howard and Pauline Winfield, 60lh, April 15. 
Members of The Brethren Church in New 

Dale and Pauline Smith, 50th, February 14. 
Members of the First Brethren Church of North 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Teske, 50th, March 9. 
Members of the South Bend First Brethren 

Clayton and Virginia Parker, 55th, March 6. 
Members of the South Bend First Brethren 

Mr. and Mrs. John Baer, 50th, February 26. 
Members of the Goshen First Brethren Church. 
Ned and Betty Dollinger, 50th, February 17. 
Attend the Lanark First Brethren Church. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 

April — a Time of New Life 

April is an exciting time of the year. It is a time of new life. The dead-looking grass 
in our lawns turns green and starts to grow. Flower bulbs that were hidden in the ground 
all winter push green sprouts through the earth that grow up and produce crocuses, 
daffodils, tulips, hyacinths, and other flowers. Trees that have stood dark and lifeless all 
winter begin getting new leaves, and many of them burst forth with blossoms. The birds 
make nests and lay eggs, and soon baby birds hatch. Yes, April is an exciting time of 
new life. 

How fortunate we are to live in a part of the world where Easter comes during this 
time of the year when new life is springing forth all around us! For Easter is a celebration 
of new life. 

It is first of all a celebration of Jesus Christ's new life, of His resurrection. On a Friday 
many, many years ago (which we now celebrate as Good Friday) Jesus was crucified — 
nailed to a cross — where he hung until he died. Then His body was taken and put into 
a tomb. But just two days later, on Sunday morning (which we now celebrate as Easter 
Sunday), He arose from that tomb. He came back to life. Easter is a celebration of this 
wonderful event 

Easter is also a celebration of our new life in Jesus and of the promise we have of 
resurrection. God has promised to give new life to all who trust in Jesus as their saving 
Lord. We have new life in Him now. And we also have the promise that when we die, 
Jesus will raise us from the grave and take us to live with Him forever. 

Yes, Easter is a celebration of new life, of resurrection. And in April, we have many 
reminders all around us of that new life. Trees that all winter looked as if they were dead 
now come back to life. Flowers that withered and died last summer or fall come to life 
again. All around us there are signs of new life. 

These things can remind us of new life on Easter Sunday. And they can continue to 
remind us of the Easter message of resurrection and new life all during the month of 

Word Puzzle 

Following are several words that we 
often use at Easter. See if you can find 
these words in the box of letters at the 















— ■ ■- 

A R B 

C M A 



H 1 J 

K L S 

M N E 

O P Q 




A U S 

F J A 

S T O 



V W X 

N Y Z 

O E R 

A U B 



E F D 

G W 1 

R S T 

L M R 



O A P 

Q E S 

E U H 

V W V 



Y Z S 

T N N 

V S Q 

B 1 C 



R 1 S 

E N E 

E E U 

L G H 



C Z L 

1 F G 

R W A 

K L 1 



O T H 

1 J K 


B L C 



G O 1 

L F T 

M N E 

A P Q 




O S E 

V A L 

L E L 



A B W X N Y 

April 1993 


A Letter From Mark Baker 

Brethren across the denomination were stunned by the 
sudden and unexpected death on March 4, 1993, of Rev. 
Mark Baker. Many of those same Brethren had wrestled in 
pray on Mark's behalf during the three-month period im- 
mediately before his death, as Mark had struggled with a 
life-threatening illness. 

During that three-month period, Mark had tottered on the 
brink of death, then slowly began to recover. By mid- 
February, he had improved considerably and was looking 
forward to full recovery. But that was not to be. On March 
4, blood clots that had probably developed in his legs during 
his long period of immobilization in the hospital reached his 
lungs and brought his life to an end. 

Just one week before his death, Mark sent a letter to a 
number of his friends in which he told about his illness, 
reflected on what had happened to him and why, and shared 
his hopes for the future. Because Mark had become a part of 
the lives of so many Brethren people during his illness — 
even people who did not know him personally — this letter 
is being shared here. It is a testimony of Mark's faith, a faith 
that continues to speak to us in spite of Mark's death. 

February 25, 1993 
Dear Friends, 

Greetings! If it seems like a lifetime since you have 
heard from me, in many ways it really has been. A lot 
has happened in the past three months, and I am glad 
to now have the opportunity to bring you up to date. As 
this letter is getting broad coverage, please excuse the 
duplication of information which you may already know! 

Last December 7th I was finishing my Christmas 
cards and putting the lights on my tree. I went to bed 
without finishing either. To make a long story as short 
as possible, I awoke during the wee morning hours to go 
to the Goshen Hospital. I assumed I would be there for 
a day of tests to find out why I was not feeling well. As 
the saying goes, "Never assume anything." 

Sometime during Tuesday night I started coughing up 
blood, and by Wednesday morning was taken to ICU. By 
that evening the doctors were offering no hope of my 
survival. They later determined my lungs were filled 
with blood and this was cutting off the oxygen to my 
other organs. I was placed in a medically induced 
paralysis and coma to keep me from moving and fighting 
the treatment. Any movement could have been fatal. To 
keep me alive they filled my lungs with pure oxygen and 
the pressure caused holes to blow in each lung. All the 
tests were returning negative and they were not able to 
determine a diagnosis of my illness. 

God was already beginning to answer the many 
prayers on my behalf as I miraculously was able to hold 
on to life. By Friday the doctors had consulted with IU 
Medical Center in Indianapolis and the decision was 
made to fly me there. Though they doubted I would sur- 
vive the flight, God sustained me and they began treat- 




Rev. Mark E. 
Baker, 37, died 
Thursday morn- 
ing, March 4, 
in Sarasota, 
Fla., following 
a three-month 

Mark was born July 24, 1955, to Harold W. and the 
late Lucile (Welch) Baker. He grew up in North Man- 
chester, Ind., where he joined the North Manchester 
First Brethren Church in 1963. 

He graduated from Manchester High School in 1973, 
from Ashland University in 1977, and from Ashland 
Theological Seminary (M. Div. degree) in 1980. During 
his years of study in Ashland, he spent two summers as 
a Crusader, one summer as a Missionary Intern, and 
served The Brethren Church as assistant to the direc- 
tor of Christian education for four years. 

Mark was ordained an elder in The Brethren Church 
at the North Manchester Church on June 15, 1980. The 
following month he began serving in Carmel, Ind., as 
the founding pastor of what become the Carmel Breth- 
ren Church. 

More recently, and until his death, he served as 
manager of the Bethel (Christian) Bookstore in 
Elkhart, Ind., and as senior buyer for the group of book- 
stores owned by the Bethel Publishing Company. He 
was also Minister of Music for the Nappanee, Ind., 
First Brethren Church. 

Rev. Baker's funeral service was held March 9 in the 
North Manchester Church, with the Revs. Marlin Mc- 
Cann and Woodrow Immel officiating. Also taking part 
in the service, sharing remarks and remembrances of 
Mark, were Brethren Elders Tim Garner, Dan Gray, 
Kerry Scott, and Ken Hunn; Rev. Rick Oltz of Bethel 
Publishing; Pauline Yoder (who shared Mark's interest 
in Russia); and close friend Rev. Wayne Grumbling. A 
large crowd, including numerous Brethren elders, at- 
tended the funeral. 

A Mark Baker Memorial Fund has been established, 
with the proceeds to be used to carry on Mark's dream 
of taking the gospel to the Russian people. Checks may 
be made payable to the North Manchester First Breth- 
ren Church and designated for the Mark Baker 
Memorial Fund. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

ment for four diseases simultaneously. Again the doctors 
were doubtful of survival, but I held on, according to the 
nurses, "second by second" for several days. Eventually 
that grew to "minute by minute" to "hour by hour." By 
the 18th, tests determined I had Wegener's Disease, and 
treatment for that was accelerated. I began to respond 
immediately and improve. 

At this time they slowly began to bring me out of 
sedation. On Monday I regained consciousness and they 
attempted to remove the ventilator which had kept me 
breathing. I was unable to breathe on my own, so after 
only a few hours it was put back in. Those are my first 
memories after two weeks of being under sedation. I 
fortunately have no recollection of the events past that 
first Tuesday in the Goshen Hospital until that Monday 
before Christmas. 

The rest of the story I do remember, and can relate 
first hand. I was still a little foggy the following day, but 
was able to understand that though I was in the hospital 
with a serious illness, the crisis was over. I believed I 
would be released by Christmas, go home, finish packing 
for Russia, and be ready to leave on time in January. 
Still a little foggy! The fog eventually cleared as the 
week progressed, and reality came into focus. I cele- 
brated Christmas in the hospital, and my best present 
came the day after when they removed the ventilator, 
this time for good. The doctors by now had convinced me 
that I was going to have a long and slow recovery. 

Three weeks of being fed by IV had taken a toll on my 
digestive system. My gall bladder was one of the casual- 
ties, and it was removed on the 10th of January. I con- 
tinued to have digestive problems, but I was making 
great progress with the Wegener's. The doctors released 
me from the hospital on January 14th, and I began the 
recuperation process back at home [Goshen, Ind]. I've 
been able to spend much of February in Sarasota, 
Florida, however with the Grays.* This has been a big 
help to be out of the cold weather! 

Wegener's Disease is very rare, and my case more 
than usual for the speed in which it attacked me. It is 
unknown as to the cause or origination of it, in my case 
or any other. It can affect various parts of the body, but 
is limited to my lungs, for which I am thankful. The 
doctors are very positive about a full recovery and my 
prognosis is for a normal life. I will be taking medication 
for probably a year, after which I can hopefully be weaned 
from it. In the meantime, I remain very weak, and have 
lung damage which makes it difficult for me to breathe. 
But each day I grow stronger, and am getting around 
fairly well. 

My next doctor's appointment is in early March, at 
which time they will be able to monitor more progress 
with the Wegener's. I will need to continue to see the 
doctors regularly for check-ups for the next several 
months, as it will take some time to determine the per- 
manent damage, if any, that I sustained. 

I will be returning to work at Bethel Bookstore in 
March. God has been faithful in many ways, and His 
provision for this need is another example of His faith- 
fulness and the faithfulness of His people. I also plan to 

"Mark was at the Grays' home when he collapsed on the 
morning of March 4. He was rushed to Memorial Hospital in 
Sarasota, where he was pronounced dead. 

be back to my music responsibilities at the the Nap- 
panee First Brethren Church as well. 

Obviously the biggest change in my plans has been 
my departure date for missionary service in Russia. Need- 
less to say, this has been a big disappointment for me, 
but God has provided the grace and strength to accept 
that He is in control of this and all situations. Every- 
thing remains in place for my service there, and when 
the doctor's give me medical clearance, I will be able to 
fulfill that call. As impatient as I may be, I must allow 
that to be in His timetable, and cannot begin to guess as to 
any date. Until that time I am thankful for the opportun- 
ities He will provide to use this experience for His glory. 

The family of Mark E. Baker wishes to expresses its deep 
appreciation to ail for their prayers, concern, and support 
for Mark, and for the many expressions of sympathy, love, 
and care to the family following Mark's death. 

Many of you have given financially to support my 
ministry in Russia. All support moneys that have been 
given remain in the appropriate accounts ready for my 
use when I am able to leave for service. However, I have 
spoken with Campus Crusade, and they are willing to 
reimburse any gifts given to my account if that is your 
desire. I certainly understand if you feel it better 
stewardship of the Lord's resources to redirect these 
gifts at this time. Please notify me if this is your desire 
and I will see the necessary steps are taken.** 

Truly God did work a miracle in the preservation of 
my life. He has also touched many thousands around the 
world to pray for me. I can't begin to relate the stories 
of how God has already used this illness to bring people 
closer to Him. For that I am thankful. And also to you 
for your prayers, support, and encouragement. I am 
truly blessed beyond expression. 

I have learned many new things and undoubtedly have 
much more to understand. But I have experienced the 
power of prayer and the love of the Body of Christ in very 
real and powerful ways which I never experienced before. 
Thank you for sharing that with me. Please continue to 
pray that my recovery progresses rapidly, and that God's 
power will be evident to all through this process. 

God's blessings to you this spring! Ill keep in touch and 
let you know what God is continuing to do in my life. 

Sharing His Deep Love, 

"With the death of Mark, his family understands that some 
who sent contributions for his support may wish to have their 
gifts returned. Every effort will be made to do so. Any money 
not requested to be returned will be used for the real purpose 
for which it was intended, taking the gospel to the Russian 
people. If you made a contribution and wish to have it returned, 
the family asks that you do the following: 

• If you sent a gift directly to the Missionary Board, please 
contact the Missionary Board office. 

• If you contributed through your local church, please contact 
your church. 

• If you contributed directly to Campus Crusade, please do not 
contact Campus Crusade. Instead, contact Harold W. Baker 
(Mark's Father) at 104 W. Fourth St., N. Manchester, IN 46962. 

• If you contributed directly to Mark, please contact Harold W. 
Baker at the address above. 

In each case, please indicate the nature (cash or check), date, 
and amount of the gift, and your full name and address. 

April 1993 


World Hunger: 

What's the use of trying? 

Hunger is one of the world's most per- 
sistent and frustrating problems. Despite 
decades of attention and effort, hunger 
continues to kill hundreds of thousands of 
people each year. 

When we reflect on this, we may ask, 
"What's the use of trying to overcome 
hunger?" We may even be tempted to give 
up — to stop praying, stop giving, stop 

We can help some of the hungry. 

Truly, the world's needs are great. 
And, certainly, we can't help everyone. 
But we can help some. And isn't that all 
that God asks of us, that we do what we can? In the Parable of the Sheep 
and the Goats, Jesus praises those on His right hand not because they have 
eradicated hunger and poverty from the world, but because each has helped 
meet the needs of "one of the least of these my brethren." 

We can make a difference. 

We may not be able to feed the whole world, 
but we can make a difference, even if only in 
the lives of a few. And if each of us helps feed 
only one or two, think how many we will help 
altogether. It doesn't even take a lot of money. 
Just $5.00 can keep a starving child from dying; 
or provide seeds for a family to grow its own 
food; or provide a week's worth of food for a 
refugee child. 

Somolia, January 1993 

World Relief Photo by Jim Whitmer 

Is there any use in trying? Certainly there is, 
and Jesus commands us to do so. Therefore, 
give generously this month through your local 
church. Or send your gift directly to: 

World Relief 

The Brethren Church, Inc. 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, OH 44805 


i*r* i i~i 

CD (. i LJL 

UJ »J." 
t— LlI 

Are We Really Worth It? 

By Richard C. Winfield, Editor 

HAVE YOU ever wondered why 
you were chosen to be born in 
the United States rather than in 
some other country of the world? 
Or what your life would have been 
like if you had been born in Africa 
or China or Yugoslavia rather than 
in America? 

I sometimes think about such 
things. Why was I born here in- 
stead of in Somalia, for example? 
Could I have been born there? And 
if so, what would my life have been 
like? Not very pleasant, I would 
imagine. In fact, if my birth had 
taken place on the same date, but 
in Somalia — the son of Somalian 
parents — I probably wouldn't still 
be alive. In fact, there's a good pos- 
sibility I wouldn't have survived 
my first two years. 

Why was I chosen to be born in 
a land of abundance rather than in 
a land of hunger? How did it hap- 
pen that I live in a free country 
rather than in a totalitarian land? 
Why was I born in a Christian land 
rather than in a Hindu or Bud- 
dhist or Islamic or pagan culture? 

By God's grace I am where I am 

Did I do something to merit be- 
ing born here and not someplace 
else? Obviously not, for what could 
I have done before my birth to 
merit being born here? The only 
answer I can come up 
with is that it was by the 
grace of God that I'm here 
and not somewhere else. 

Am I the only one who 
asks such questions? One 
of the current beer com- 
mercials in our hedonistic 
society chides us with the 
rhetorical question, "Why 
ask why?" But I think 
there is value in raising 
these questions from time 
to time. 

I heard recently of a cartoon in 
which a man in his pajamas is 
kneeling by his bed in a lavishly 
furnished bedroom. He is praying, 
"And may we be worthy of consum- 
ing a disproportionate share of the 
world's resources." 

The man is praying that he might 
be worthy. But the sad truth is 
that we as Americans have some- 
how gotten the idea that we really 
are worth it, that we somehow de- 
serve to be among the 23 percent 
of the world's people who share 85 
percent of the world's income. 

We've worked hard to get it 

But why are we worth it? What 
have we done to deserve it? Some 
will say it is because we've worked 
hard to get it. But while living in 
Nigeria, I observed people there 
who toiled much harder than most 
Americans work, and they did not 
have nearly as many of the good 
things of life. 

Someone else will reply, "It may 
be true that they work harder, but 
we work smarter." This I will not 
deny. But how are we able to work 
smarter? Is it not because of the 
many educational and training op- 
portunities that have been avail- 
able to us, and the great body of 
technology that has been passed 
along to us? We have been blessed 

not only with resources that others 
have had, but also with opportun- 
ities for education and training 
that others haven't enjoyed. 

"What's your point?" 

Perhaps by this time you are ask- 
ing, "So what's your point?" It is 
this: So long as we believe that we 
deserve all the blessings we enjoy, 
"that we are worth it," we have no 
pricks of conscience about lavish- 
ing these blessings upon ourselves. 
But when we comprehend that we 
have these things because we were 
born by God's grace in a land of 
abundance and opportunity, we 
are more likely to share what we 
have with those who are not as for- 

Jesus said, "From everyone who 
has been given much, much will be 
demanded; and from the one who 
has been entrusted with much, 
much more will be asked" (Luke 
12:28, Niv). In this passage Jesus 
is speaking primarily of the 
responsibilities entrusted to His 
followers. But the principle applies 
to material things as well. 

We have been given much. Cer- 
tainly, we've had to work to get it. 
But we've been fortunate enough 
to live in a land of plenty, of free- 
dom, and of opportunity where we 
are able to enjoy the fruit of our 

Because we've been given much, 
much is expected of us. God expects 
us to use what we have for the 
benefit of others. 

Are we really worth it? Did we 
do something to deserve all that 
we have? I think not. They are 
gifts of God's grace. And because 
they are God's gifts, we should be 
willing to freely share those gifts 
with others who have not been so 
generously blessed. 

i l 

Pontius' Puddle 

COULD BE sending 
TO the: POOK 


you ? 




The Brethren Evangelist 

Funderburg Library 


North Manchester, IN 46962 

May 1993 
Volume 115, Number 5 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


John Maust 

Children's Page 

Sandi Rowsey 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
July and August issues are 
combined) by The Brethren 
Church, Inc., 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, OH 44805-3792. Au- 
thors' views are not necessarily 
those of The Brethren Church. 

Subscription Rates: One 

year, $11.25 for 100% church 
lists; $13.00 for church lists 
of five or more names; $14.00 
for individual subscriptions. 
Single-copy price, $1.50. 

Change of Address: Please 
send notice at least three 
weeks in advance. Copy old ad- 
dress from back of magazine 
and send with new address. 

Manuscript Policy: While 
some unsolicited manuscripts 
are accepted, a query letter 
sent first describing a proposed 
manuscript is preferred. In- 
clude a self-addressed, stamped 
envelope with all manuscripts. 
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porting news items are avail- 
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available upon request. 

Postmaster: Please send Form 
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Second Class Postage: Paid 
at Ashland, Ohio. 

Member: Evangelical Press 

May 1993 


Are We Really Worth It? by Richard C. Winfield 2 

Do we actually deserve all the blessings we enjoy? 

Developing a Heart for People with Disabilities 4 

by Jeanette Sullivan 

To reach our entire community for Christ, we must include the 17 per- 
cent of the population that is physically or mentally challenged. 

Good Things are Happening in The Brethren Church 7 

by David Cooksey 

The Director of Pastoral Ministries shares some of the good news with- 
in our denomination and tells why it is happening. 

Six Ways to Help Your Teens Gain Self-Esteem 8 

by Margaret Houk 

Suggestions for guiding young people along the road to healthy self- 

Dependence on God by David Oligee 10 

Living in close relationship to Christ not only pleases God, it also pro- 
duces the greatest joy in us. 

Ministry Pages 

The Crusader Program 


Our Experiences in the Crusader Program 

by Julie and Jerry Flora 

What We Learned From Serving as Summer Crusaders 12 

by Kathy and Jeff Carter 

Announcing the 1993 Crusader Interns, Summer Crusaders, 13 
and District Crusaders 




Children's Page 

2 by Sandi Rowsey 

15 From the Grape Vine 


The May-June Woman's Outlook Newsletter is in the center of this issue. 

About the cover: This month's cover is in honor of the 1993 Brethren high 
school and college graduates, as they look ahead to the opportunities and 
challenges of the future. 

Answers to the Little Crusader page: 

You are to write you own answers this month. What are some things that 
are important to you? 

With this issue we introduce a new Little Crusader page contributor. She is 
Mrs. Sandi Rowsey. Mrs. Rowsey lives in Ashland, Ohio, where she attends 
the Park Street Brethren Church. She and her husband, Tim, are the parents 
of three sons, Aaron (8), Jordan (31/2), and Daniel (1^4). We welcome Mrs. 
Rowsey 's first children's page to the EVANGELIST this month. 

Developing a Heart 

For People 

With Disabilities 

By Jeanette Sullivan 

SO MANY TIMES we hear that 
our churches desire to minister 
to the "whole community." Out- 
reach programs and church ac- 
tivities are often directed to youth, 
singles, young parents, or senior 
citizens — the target areas for 
most churches. But perhaps we 
have overlooked one significant 
group, as the following quotation 

Over 17 percent of our United 
States population is disabled. 
That's 43 million people, each with 
a need for Christ and a life within 
the church. Estimates are that 95 
percent of our disabled population 
is outside the church, as only 5 
percent of our churches have min- 
istry to people with disabilities. 
The Great Commission (Matthew 
28:16-20) instructs us to take the 
gospel to all people. That includes 
people with disabilities. Why, 
then, are' families with physically 
and mentally challenged children 
and adults absent, or so low in num- 
ber, from most of our churches?* 

Even though I am the parent of 
an adult child with disabilities and 
have, with my husband, struggled 
and even fought for educational 

*A statement presented at a Joni and 
Friends Conference on the Church and 

Mrs. Sullivan is a member of the Mill- 
edgeville, III., Brethren Church, where 
her husband, Ken, is the pastor. The 
Sullivan's daughter, Dianne (27), is 
visually and learning impaired. 

services and appropriate recog- 
nition for the disabled, I was skep- 
tical of such information. Our 
church has several individuals 
with various kinds of disabilities. 
As a body of believers, we have 
tried to reach out to each one in a 
loving and compassionate way, 
seeking to meet the needs of each. 

But over the last several months 
my vision for ministry to the dis- 
abled has broadened, as I have con- 
sidered the Great Commission and 
the statistics regarding the un- 
churched, disabled population. God 
has challenged me to go beyond my 
comfort zone in order to reach out 
to those within my church and 
community in a new way. 

How this broadened vision came 
about began with our daughter, 
Dianne, and her dream: to meet 
Joni Eareckson Tada in person. 
Joni, a quadriplegic as the result of 
a tragic diving accident, is a well- 
known artist, writer, singer, 
and speaker. Dianne has been a 
faithful fan of Joni for a num- 
ber of years, and she owns 
every print, book, tape, and 
video of Joni available. It is my 
responsibility each morning 
while Dianne is at work to 
record Joni's five-minute radio 
program so that Dianne can lis- 
ten to it later in the day. 

Because of her visual impair- 
ment, Dianne receives the Joni 
and Friends (JAF) Ministries 
newsletter on audio cassette. A 
little more than a year ago, an 
announcement in that publica- 
tion caught her ear: On October 
9 and 10, 1992, Joni would be 
in Akron, Ohio (our home town), 
for the Northeastern Ohio Con- 
ference on the Church and Dis- 

abilities. A Saturday night concert 
with Joni would conclude the pro- 

For the next six to nine months 
the race was on to raise the neces- 
sary funds to attend the confer- 
ence. Though Dianne's paycheck 
from the workshop for the disabled 
where she works is small, she 
saved not only the amount she 
needed for conference expenses, 
but also enough to fly us from 
Illinois to Ohio and back. The air- 
lines were having a price war and 
we reaped the benefits — $39 for 
each round-trip ticket! Finally, 
Dianne's dream was realized — 
she met Joni and secured front- 
row seats at the concert! 

As I listened to Joni, partici- 
pated in various workshops at the 
conference, met with parents and 
families as well as professionals, 
my y^ — —— ~"~ \ complacency 
was / challenged; 

The Brethren Evangelist 

'A ministry to the disabled community affords the church a 
wonderful opportunity to display God's magnificent, uncondi- 
tional, and impartial love before a watching world." 

my vision stretched. The confer- 
ence statistics overwhelmed me. 
Along with the fulfilled dreams of 
my daughter, I returned to Mill- 
edgeville with an armful of informa- 
tion, a long list of contacts, and a 
determination to step through 
whatever door God might open in 
order to make a difference to 
people with disabilities in our 
church and community. 

From a JAF mailing, I learned 
that February was "Have a Heart 
for the Disabled" month. So in Feb- 
ruary, with the help of a video and 
study guide from Joni and Friends, 
I was privileged to lead a Sunday 
evening group through a study on 
"Disability Awareness." In the two- 
session presentation we learned 
how to: 

• view disabilities and disabled per- 
sons from God's perspective. 

• open the hearts and doors of our 
church wider to the disabled. 

• take the first steps in making 
Christ real to people with disabil- 
ities through our personal wit- 

• consider together the next steps in 
helping our church become aware 
and responsive to the "whole" com- 

We learned that our words com- 
municate what we feel and what 
we believe. A basic understanding 
of the words "disability" and "hand- 
icap" is important as we consider 
our attitudes and motivation for 
reaching out to the disabled. A 
"disability" is a physical or mental 
impairment that restricts or limits 
activity, whereas a "handicap" is 
any encumbrance that makes suc- 
cess more difficult to achieve. 

Most of the participants in these 
sessions came with their own views 
about the disabled and what they 
felt were obvious needs. At the top 
of their list was church access- 
ibility. But before we could talk 
about how to make our church 
more accessible to people with dis- 
abilities, we had to have a biblical 

May 1993 

base from which to make those 

What God's Word Says 
About the Subject 

We searched the scriptures and 
found answers to questions such 
as: "Where did disability come from 
in the first place?" "Is it a mistake 
when someone is born with a dis- 
ability?" "Why 
does God ad- 
dress the issue 
of disability so 
many times in 

Romans 8:28 
God's sover- 
eignty over acci- 
dents and in- 
juries in our 
lives. He is able 
to work even 
tragic events for 
our good. Fol- 
lowing are but a 
few of the scrip- 
tures studied: 

Romans 8:18 
21:* I consider 
that our present 
sufferings are 
not worth com- 
paring with the 
glory that will Dianne Sullivan 
be revealed in mg Joni Eareckson 
us. The creation waits in eager ex- 
pectation for the sons of God to be 
revealed. For the creation was sub- 
jected to frustration, not by its own 
choice, but by the will of the one 
who subjected it, in hope that the 
creation itself will be liberated 
from its bondage to decay and 
brought into the glorious freedom 
of the children of God. 

Psalm 139:13-16: For you creat- 
ed my inmost being; you knit me 
together in my mother's womb. I 
praise you because I am fearfully 

'Quotations from the Bible, except 
where otherwise noted, are from the New 
International Version. 

and wonderfully made; your works 
are wonderful, I know that full 
well. My frame was not hidden 
from you when I was made in the 
secret place. When I was woven 
together in the depths of the earth, 
your eyes saw my unformed body. 
All the days ordained for me were 
written in your book before one of 
them came to be. 

(r.) realizes her long-held dream of meet- 
Tada. (Child unidentified.) 

Romans 11:33-34: Oh, the depth 
of the riches of the wisdom and 
knowledge of God! How unsearch- 
able his judgments, and his paths 
beyond tracing out! "Who has 
known the mind of the Lord? Or 
who has been his counselor?" 

John 9:1-3: As {Jesus} went along, 
he saw a man blind from birth. His 
disciples asked him, "Rabbi, who 
sinned, this man or his parents, 
that he was born blind?" 

"Neither this man nor his par- 
ents sinned," said Jesus, "but this 
happened so that the work of God 
might be displayed in his life." 

The following verses further 

'Considering whether or not a church should start a ministry 
to the disabled is a little like deciding whether or not a church 
ought to reach out to lost people." 

address the response God desires 
from His people: Isaiah 58:10; 
Luke 10:27; John 15:13; Romans 
15:1; Galatians 6:2; James 1:27. It 
was exciting to see from God's 
word that no other person models 
the proper attitude towards dis- 
abilities better than the Lord 
Jesus Christ Himself! 

The Church's Ministry 
to the Disabled 

People with disabilities, many [of 
whom] spend aimless days wishing 
for a better life and hoping for a 
chance to shake the "handicaps" 
that encumber them in their dis- 
abilities, need comfort and hope 
from God's Word and His people. 
The Bible makes it clear that we, 
the church, are the ones who can 
and should provide what is needed. 
— Joni Eareckson Tada 

A ministry to the disabled com- 
munity affords the church a won- 
derful opportunity to display God's 
magnificent, unconditional, and 
impartial love before a watching 
world. God can take a ministry to 
those whom the world views as un- 
lovely, embarrassing, or unfor- 
tunate and turn that ministry into 
a visible, concrete, and powerful 
display of His love. 

The Apostle Paul expressed it well 
when he wrote, "But God chose the 
foolish things of the world to shame 
the wise; God chose the weak 
things of the world to shame the 
strong. He chose the lowly things 
of this world and the despised 
things ..." (1 Cor. l:27-28a). 

Why should the church reach out 
in ministry to the disabled? 
Though our reasons may lean toward 
the subjective, our focus needs to 
be on the objective: 

1. Disabled people are people — 
people made in the image of God. 
Our focus shouldn't be on their 
physical or mental disabilities; 
they are no less marred and no 
less capable of restoration than the 
rest of His creation. 

2. There is a biblical mandate 

that we not prefer one over the 
other: "My Brethren, show no par- 
tiality as you hold the faith of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of 
glory" (James 2:1, RSV). 

3. The church is called to reach 
out to the poor, the needy, the des- 
titute and the hurting. 

Considering whether or not a 
church should start a ministry to 
the disabled is a little like deciding 
whether or not a church ought to 
reach out to lost people. In view of 
Scripture, deciding is not the issue. 
If we believe the Bible, we have to 
carry out its dictates. It is a 
tremendous privilege! Disabled 
people add a dimension of richness 
to the whole church family.* 

Getting Started 

A World Relief poster on our 
church bulletin board reads: "How 
do you feed a hungry world? . . . 
One at a time." Even with so many 
different kinds of disabilities and 
so many hurting people, meeting 
their needs is much the same as 
meeting the needs of the hungry. 
Start one at a time . . . with your 
church families, including their ex- 
tended families. It is amazing to 
find the many disabled individuals 
among them! 

The pastor's role is critical to the 
success of any ministry within the 
church — and particularly so for a 
ministry to the disabled population 
— for he is the conscience of the 
congregation. Though his caring 
heart is contagious to the congre- 
gation, his main responsibility is to 
heighten the congregation's aware- 
ness of what God's word teaches 
regarding the disabled. Informing 
the congregation that there is a 
need for this ministry often begins 
with him or with other leaders in 
the church. The pastor's commit- 
ment to pray for such a ministry 
and to guide his flock as they pray 
and wait for God's direction is im- 

*John MacArthur, Jr., The Church: 
The Body of Christ (Grand Rapids: 
Zondervan, 1973). 

perative. If it is God's will for a 
ministry to the disabled com- 
munity to be undertaken, He will 
cause a leader to emerge from 
within the congregation. 

Disabled People Have 
Value in God's Kingdom 

Paul's discourse on "body inte- 
gration" in 1 Corinthians 12:14-26 
punctuates the indispensability of 
the weaker members in the life of 
the church. The body is incomplete 
without them. As we seek God's com- 
passion and "develop a heart for 
the disabled," we can make a dif- 
ference in those dismal statistics. 
In my own church, the level of dis- 
ability awareness has been raised 
and ministry opportunities are 
being explored as we seek God's 
vision and direction. 

Having a heart for the disabled 
can best be summed up in these 
remarks made by Joni Tada at the 
close of the Northeast Ohio Confer- 
ence on the Church and Disabilities: 

When we open our eyes to the 
needs of people around us, and 
when we lend a hand, we're letting 
others see the caring heart of the 
Lord Jesus. We all want our faith 
to have an influence in our com- 
munities . . . for our churches to 
stand as a cultural witness to our 
society. Society, especially on the 
issue of disabilities, needs help. 
Even though our country has en- 
gineered legislation and proclama- 
tions, it cannot legislate the love 
behind the laws. It cannot ascribe 
dignity and hope and worth to dis- 
abled people. Only the church and 
the message of God's love can give 
lasting dignity and hope. Your 
love, the love of your church can be 
salt and light in your community 
and to society as a whole. 

Joni and Friends (JAF) is a non-profit 
Christian ministry dedicated to acceler- 
ating Christian ministry in the disabled 
community. Under the leadership of Joni 
Eareckson Tada, JAF brings people with 
disabilities and the church together in 
programs of evangelism, training, and 
practical assistance. For more informa- 
tion write to Joni and Friends, P.O. Box 
3333, Agoura Hills, CA 91301. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Good Things Are Happening 
In The Brethren Church 

David Cooksey shares some of the good news within our denomination. 

IT IS ALWAYS EASY to complain 
about things that aren't going 
well. But I'd like to share with you 
instead some of the good things 
that are happening in The Breth- 
ren Church and tell you why I 
think they are happening. 

In a significant number of Breth- 
ren churches, growth is occurring. 
In those churches enthusiasm is 
evident, even to the casual observ- 
er who visits for only a day. 

The pastor of such a church is 
like a tour guide in an activity cen- 
ter where many good things are 
happening at one time. He might 
show you around and say, "Over 
here is Sue; she works with the 
pre-school. The children are draw- 
ing pictures to give to grandpar- 
ents. They will be able to share the 
whole story of the picture when 
they give it to grandma. 

"Over there is Jim, who works 
with our junior and senior high 
youth. They love him and have big 
plans to spend time together this 
summer. They've already had some 
great weekends this winter." 

These and other groups come 
together in the sanctuary to sing, 
share, and pray together. The pas- 
tor opens the word and the Spirit 
blesses their worship. 

A climate of love 

These things are not happening 
by chance. The connecting thread 
is that the pastor loves the people 
and they love him. He knows their 
names, their work, their joys, their 
sorrows. The church leadership 
works hand in hand with the pas- 
tor. When problems arise (and they 
do), they are dealt with quickly 
and in love, and they are not al- 
lowed to become topics of gossip. 

The underlying goal of these 
churches is to bring the unchurched 
to Christ within a caring, healthy 

Rev. Cooksey is Director of Pastoral 
Ministries for The Brethren Church. 

May 1993 

environment. New people are not 
just allowed to attend, they are en- 
couraged to become a part of every- 
thing that is going on. 

Hearts for the hurting 

A second thing I have observed 
in these churches is that deacons 
and others in the congregation 
have hearts for the hurting. They 
are helping individuals one on one 
with their personal needs. Support 
groups are formed, not just so 
people can share their misery, but 
so they can work toward recovery. 
The goal is restoration through the 
power of Christ and a life of hope 
and productivity. Persons who 
have had problems are not dis- 
qualified from ministry, but are al- 
lowed instead to be involved in 
ministry as whole persons, forgiven 
and living in the grace of God. 

I have also seen what I consider 
to be a positive number of individ- 
uals being called from within con- 
gregations to serve either as paid 
or volunteer staff. Others are going 
to seminary, sent there by the 
church, which recognizes their 
gifts for ministry. With our stated 
denominational vision for church 
planting, we are going to need all 
of these and more to supply the 
leadership necessary to realize 
that vision. 

The best part of all this is that 
none of these changes have oc- 
curred at the expense of our Breth- 
ren heritage. Our heritage is 
grounded in faith and Scripture. 
Sometimes we Brethren have been 
unwilling to make changes in the 
church for fear that we might 
destroy that foundation. But this 
need not be the case. 

The churches that I have ob- 
served recently which are doing 
good things and are growing have 
dared to examine themselves 
against the basic purpose for 
which they exist. They have 
coupled this with faith and action, 

Following is a sampling of some 
of the good things that have been 

The Washington, D.C., Brethren 
Church, which had dwindled to about 
a dozen in attendance, had 105 
present for worship on Easter Sun- 
day. Rickey Bolden began pastoring 
the congregation last September. 

Northgate Brethren Church in 
Manteca, Calif., is experiencing pos- 
itive attitudes within the congregation 
and effective outreach to the commu- 
nity. Good influences for them have 
included the Living Proof video series 
and a moving mime presentation by 
people of the church. Roger Stogsdill 
is the pastor. 

Northwest Brethren Chapel of 
Tucson, Ariz., has been experiencing 
growth and plans to build a new 
building this year to meet "growing" 
needs. Dave West is the pastor. 

The Brush Valley Brethren 
Church near Adrian, Pa., has gone 
to two services and had 303 in wor- 
ship on Easter. Pastor Jim Kirkendall 
attributes the growth to the members, 
who are involved in a wide range of 
ministries and who are excited about 
serving the Lord. 

I have heard similar good news 
about the Stockton, Mt. Olive, Wind- 
ing Waters, Iglesia Hisparla, North 
Manchester, Corinth, Gretna, and 
University Brethren churches. And 
there are others I haven't heard about. 

depending on the Holy Spirit to 
bless and to work in their midst. 

The world is hopeless; the 
church is full of hope. I am con- 
vinced that the Brethren can and 
must meet the needs of people who 
look to the church for that hope. In 
our negative, desperate world, we 
have the answers. We have them 
in our living Lord Jesus Christ and 
His timeless word. 

Good things are happening in 
The Brethren Church. They are 
built on a solid foundation. Much 
more can happen if we allow it to 
happen in the name and for the 
sake of Jesus Christ our Lord, [f] 


Six Ways 

To Help Your Teens 

Gain Self-Esteem 

by Margaret Houk 

THERE'S NOTHING teens need 
more than self-esteem. They 
want it. God wants it for them. But 
it is very hard to come by during 
those trying adolescent years. 

People can't give others self- 
esteem. It's a do-it-yourself job. 
But there are ways you can help 
your teens along the road. Here 
are six: 

1. Listen to them. 

Nothing convinces human beings 
that they are important and valued 
as much as getting the undivided 
time and attention of another human 
being, even if it is only for two 

Good listening requires that we 
do not judge and that we appre- 
ciate the messages, no matter how 
hard they might be to accept. 

Vivacious, free-souled Sarah blurt- 
ed out in her confirmation class 
one day, "How do we know there is 
a God? How do we know that isn't 
just a story our parents are telling 

Teen messages can be pretty far- 
out. One imaginative young friend 
said, "I think God is an alien. He is 
from outer space, isn't He?" Some- 
times they are disheartening. 
Fourteen-year-old pensive Steve 
muttered right after his parents 
separated, "I've decided to become 
an atheist." 

We must all sooner or later ques- 
tion the faith we inherited in order 

Mrs. Houk is a free-lance writer and 
the author of the book, That Very Spe- 
cial Person — Me!, Self-Esteem for Teens, 
Herald Press, 1990. She lives in Apple- 
ton, Wisconsin. 


to have one of our own. Though the 
above kinds of messages may ap- 
pear spiritually threatening, they 
are usually nothing more than 
colorful door-openers to spiritual 

2. Affirm them. 

Everybody needs praise, but no 
one more so than a teen. With 
their bodies growing fast, interests 
shifting gears, and emotions run- 
ning rampant, they are bound to 
goof up. But they also have mo- 
ments of glorious sunlight, as when 
Renee assisted a little Sunday 
school child who had skinned a 
knee, or when Jon visited with 89- 
year-old hunchbacked Agnes after 
church one Sunday. 

All teens have clearly-visible 
gifts from God. Some are strong 
leaders, others reverent followers. 
Some are aggressive, others quiet 
and retiring. All of these person- 
ality traits are equally important 
to God and are needed to fulfill His 
purposes in those persons' lives. 

3. Help them to affirm them- 


Teens wanting to feel good about 
themselves are fighting a gargan- 
tuan battle. Already extremely 
self-critical, they face many exter- 
nal put-me-down messages from 
our self-deprecating society. Subtle 
media messages continuously tell 
us we are either too young or too 
old, too skinny or too fat, or not 
quite "cool." 

Teach your teens to screen what 
they are seeing and hearing, and 
to replace negative messages with 
positive ones. To a teen distressed 

about being a bit shorter and heav- 
ier than average, you might say, 
"The world is full of different kinds 
of people — tall, short, thin, hefty. 
That's what makes the world in- 
teresting. Wouldn't it be a boring 
world if we were all alike? 

"You are created by God a unique, 
important, special human being, 
loved by Him and by many other 
people — social friends, family, 
and church friends. God has a pur- 
pose for your life. Whatever you 
are is right for the job." 

What about teens who are so 
obese that their health is endan- 
gered? "God loves you just as you 
are. But He wants all of us to take 
good care of our bodies because we 
can serve Him best that way. Work 
with your doctor towards the best 
healthy state you can have." 

Encourage your teens to affirm 
themselves frequently and regularly. 

4. Give them responsibility. 

When my third daughter left 
home at eighteen to move into her 
own apartment, she was terrified. 
Her big fear? "I can't make it!" 
(She put herself on a strict budget 
and managed well.) 

In a complex world such as ours, 
this fear is valid. Young adults 
need elaborate, independent living 
skills — care of self, home, car, 
moneys, and time-planning. They 
must make decisions frequently 
about their responsibilities toward 
others and toward God. Anything 
teens can do to prepare themselves 

— care of their possessions, house- 
hold chores, church group duties 

— not only sets a foundation but 
also raises their confidence. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Teens often avoid responsibility. 
"Aw, do I have to empty the waste- 

Doing what we don't want to do 
builds character. It requires self- 
discipline. People hesitate out of 
rebellion or laziness. But there is a 
certain amount of healthy pride 
and honor that comes with taking 
hold of an unpleasant or uncom- 
fortable task. If the above teen 
does empty the baskets, and does 
it well, he will feel good about him- 
self. If he doesn't, he won't. 

5. Let them fail. 

Parents often take on respon- 
sibilities teens could handle be- 
cause teens forget, goof up the job, 
or don't get things done fast enough. 
Letting them do for themselves 
takes more time, involves aggrava- 
tion, and subjects situations to fail- 
ure. But teens need the experience 
of slipping and falling. 

Before long, no one will be there 
to pick up after them. The road to 
adulthood is easier for them if we 

allow them the painful consequences 
of irresponsibility. The more often 
they have to take hold lest they let 
somebody down, the faster they 
will be able to face the world with 

If and when they flub up, let 
them correct the situation them- 
selves. Be firm, but keep it light. 
"I'm sorry you forgot to call your 
list about the hayride, Sally. That 
happens. Why don't you call and 
apologize? I'm sure they'll under- 

Teens often hang on to past mis- 
takes in bouts of rehashed quilt, 
self-pity, and self-condemnation. 
God wants us to regret our mis- 
takes, apologize, and make amends. 
But He also wants us to put these 
negative situations behind us so 
that we can direct our energies in 
positive ways, such as in helping 

To help your teens cross this 
bridge, point out that when they 
put their mistakes behind them, 
they are more fun to have around 
and their friends enjoy them more. 

6. Encourage them to treasure 
their relationships. 

Joy is sweeter and sorrow dimin- 
ished when two share the burden 
of one. Our relationships with 
others — parents, friends, siblings, 
neighbors — bring us our greatest 
joys and deepest sorrows. Essen- 
tial to self-esteem, then, is the 
building and maintaining of satis- 
fying relationships. 

Encourage your teens to com- 
municate in healthy ways. Twisted 
messages (those based on what the 
teen thinks others want to hear 
rather than the teen's genuine 
ideas and feelings) foul up relation- 
ships. So do messages that pres- 
sure or manipulate others. Honest, 
straightforward communication not 
only clears the air but also works 
and feels better. 

Communication is a skilled art, 
one that is never perfectly learned. 
No matter how hard people try, 
sooner or later they run into con- 
flict. Urge your teens to resolve 
their conflicts quickly and in a 
spirit of lovingkindness. Point out 
that the aim is to heal a treasured, 
damaged relationship — not to 
prove who is right or wrong. 

There are many ways of settling 
differences, but teens in conflict 
usually see only two: my way and 
your way. Suggest that they try 
compromise, finding a middle 
ground, or trading off as possible 
alternatives. (Finding a middle 
ground is finding a solution that 
both parties like. Trading off is 
following one person's choice one 
time, the other person's the next.) 

Psychologists say that we must 
love ourselves if we are to love 
other people God's way — unself- 
ishly. To accomplish this we need 
self-esteem. By listening to your 
teens, affirming them, helping them 
plant seeds of self-affirmation, ex- 
pecting responsible behavior, let- 
ting them fail, and showing them 
how to get along better with others, 
you can and will help them on 
their way. [f] 

May 1993 

Dependence on God 

By David Oligee 

Jesus said: Abide in me, and I in 
you. As the branch cannot bear 
fruit of itself except it abide in the 
vine; no more can ye, except ye 
abide in me. I am the vine, ye are 
the branches: He that abideth in me, 
and I in him, the same bringeth 
forth much fruit: for without me ye 
can do nothing. . . . These things 
have I spoken unto you, that my joy 
might remain in you, and that your 
joy might be full. 

John 15:4-5, 11, KJV 

through the grapevine? Jesus 
used the analogy of a grapevine to 
communicate the most important 
element of obedience to Him. Our 
obedience must grow out of a close 
relationship with our Lord. 

Just as a branch of a grapevine 
produces fruit only as it is con- 
nected to and drawing nourish- 
ment from the vine, so too we can 
produce the fruits of obedience 
only as we are continually con- 
nected to and drawing nourish- 
ment and strength from our Lord. 

A life of joy 

This kind of life, a life of ongoing 
dependence on Christ, not only 
pleases Him, but it also produces 
the greatest joy in us (John 15:11). 
So what we are considering is not 
a morbid resignation to a life of 
misery as we carry out our duties 
to God, but a life that will give us 
the greatest sense of personal ful- 
fillment. That sense of satisfaction 
and fruitfulness come as we "abide" 
in Christ. 

Rev. Oligee is pastor of the West 
Alexandria, Ohio, First Brethren 
Church. This article appeared in the 
West Alexandria Church newsletter 
and is reprinted here with Rev. Oligee's 

Exactly how do we "abide" in 
Christ? To live in close relation- 
ship with Christ, we must depend 
on Him for wisdom, strength, and 
direction in life. To have an intimate 
relationship with Him, we must 
not be deliberately holding on to 
some rebellious attitude or action 

"Abiding also means that we 
listen attentively to what 
God has to say to us in the 
Bible — not merely getting 
our quota of Bible reading 
for the day, but thinking 
and praying about what we 
are reading." 

that we know we should confess 
and forsake. The barrier to our re- 
lationship will be removed and we 
will be forgiven if we confess our 
sins (1 John 1:5-10). 

Abiding also means that we lis- 
ten attentively to what God has to 
say to us in the Bible — not merely 
getting our quota of Bible reading 
for the day, but thinking and pray- 
ing about what we are reading. 
Just as you show respect and love 
for a person who is talking to you 
by carefully listening and respond- 
ing, so too we need to make our 
time of Bible reading an occasion 
to get to know God. 

To abide also means that we spend 
time expressing to the Lord our 
deepest thoughts, hurts, and de- 
sires, as well as the details of our 
lives. He wants us to talk to Him 
about our successes and our sources 
of shame. He cares about us! 

Bible teacher Warren Wiersbe in 
his book, Be Transformed, writes: 
"Once you have begun to cultivate 
this deeper communion with 
Christ, you have no desire to re- 
turn to the shallow life of a care- 
less Christian." 

The matter of abiding in Christ 
is essential if we want to please 
God. We cannot live the Christian 
life in our own strength by the 
power of our own will. We must 
live in continual reliance on Christ. 
Jesus said, ". . . without me ye can 
do nothing" (John 15:5, KJV). He did 
not say we could do something or a 
few things. He said we could do 
nothing to please God without His 
working in and through us. 

A life of faith 

Just as we were saved by God's 
grace through faith in Christ (Eph. 
2:8-9), we are now to live for God 
by trusting Christ. The Apostle 
Paul made this point in his letter 
to the Galatian believers. He said, 
"Are ye so foolish? having begun in 
the Spirit, are ye now made perfect 
by the flesh?" (Gal. 3:3, KJV). And 
to the Romans, Paul wrote, "For 
therein is the righteousness of God 
revealed from faith to faith: as it is 
written, 'The just shall live by 
faith'" (Romans 1:17, KJV). 

Faith requires dependence on 
God, relying completely on Him — 
first for our salvation and then for 
the ability to live the Christian 
life. [f] 

MOST OF US want God, 
but we do not want to 
go through the "work" of the 
relationship of real love. We 
want it easy. We want it fast. 
But real work must be done 
before the perfection of a 
real love relationship with 
God can be experienced. 

From The Master Musician 
by John Michael Talbot 
(Zondervan, 1992) 


The Brethren Evangelist 

31 publication, <fftke Qrctkrcn, Romans Missionaru Sodttu 

May-rJune 1993 

Volume 6, Number 5 

ike presidents Jen 

Dear Ladies, 

Spring is right around the corner! 
The calendar says spring, but the 
weather says winter. We do know that 
soon we will see flowers, green grass, 
and sunshine. We also know that God 
is in control. He created the heaven 
and earth — what an amazing thing! 
God also created mankind — a mar- 
velous creation. He had a plan for all 
mankind. God also had a plan for the 
universe, for the sun, and the stars. He 
did not create without a plan for every- 
thing. The Lord desired that we love 
and serve Him. He created us in His 
image, but with a mind of our own. We 
make our own choices. 

As we approach springtime, we are 
reminded of what God has created for 
us to enjoy. So many things we take 
for granted. As I look outside, I can see 
some flowers trying to push through 
the hard ground. Soon they will be up 
with bright colors. On the Ashland 
University campus, the grounds 
workers are already beginning to rake 
and get ready for all of the beautiful 
flowers that will pop up from the 
ground and for all the ones that will be 
freshly planted. Spring is a time for 
new things, new beginnings, new 
choices. Why not look around you and 
be thankful for the beauty of the 

This is a good time to promise your- 
self to spend time in reading the Bible. 
If you do not have a set time for daily 
devotions, now is a good time to start. 
It will make your day much smoother, 
if you have devotions in the morning. 
If you have your devotions in the eve- 
ning, you will have a peaceful sleep. 
Try it — I'm sure you'll like it. 

National Conference is not too far 
away. August will be here before you 
know it. We will have five missionary 
families at conference this year: the 
Aspinalls, Winters, Kerners, Eagles, 
and Ruggles. Isn't that exciting! The 
Aspinalls and Winters are retiring 
from the mission field in Argentina. As 
they prepare to finish their work and 
(continued on page 2) 


Devotions presented at General Conference, August 6, 1992, 

by Norma Trump 

Text: "By faith Noah, when warned about things not yet seen, in holy fear built 
an ark to save his family. By his faith he condemned the world and became heir 
of the righteousness that comes by faith" Hebrews 11:7 (Nrv) 

We live in a wicked world. There are 
jealousy and murder, lying and hatred, 
idol worshipers, sexual immorality. 
Sin is every place! I think God must be 
sorry that He created man on the 
earth. It used to be such a beautiful 

Noah and I have three sons and, 
believe me, it's a hard job to raise our 
family. Noah walks with God and so do 
I. We taught our sons to love God. 
They are big boys now and have nice 
wives. And you know it must be true, 
for a mother-in-law to say that! 

Well, one day God talked with Noah. 
God had seen enough of this sinful 
earth and He was going to destroy it. 
"But Noah found grace in the eyes of 
the Lord." God said He would spare 
Noah and his family (that's us), but 
Noah had to build an ark. When Noah 
told me this, I said "A what? What's 
that?" We didn't know what rain was, 
so I had no idea what a flood would be. 

But Noah was determined to obey 
God's instructions, no matter how ab- 
surd they sounded. He started to work 
early in the morning and continued 
late into the night. This thing was big! 
The neighbors were interested at first. 
They didn't know what an ark was 
either. As it took shape, their interest 
turned to curiosity, then mockery, and 
ridicule. Why was Noah doing this? 
And then they jeered. An ark in the 
desert? Oh, Noah! 

But Noah stood firm. He tried to 
warn them about their evil ways; he 
wanted them to repent, but they just 
mocked him. 

When the ark was built, Noah did 
the next thing God instructed. He 
gathered in the animals, a male and 
female (you know about that) of every 
kind, fowls, creepy crawlers. Even I 
doubted that Noah could catch every- 
thing, but he did! And then we got in 

— Shem, Ham, and Japheth and their 
nice wives, Noah and me and God shut 
the door. 

Well, when we all were in, it was 
crowded. Then it got hot and smelly, 
and all we did was sit there. And the 
neighbors laughed and shouted! It's a 
good thing the window was at the top 
of this thing, so we couldn't see them, 
but we could sure hear them. "Sure, 
Noah, where 's the rain? Are you sure 
you heard your God correctly? Beauti- 
ful day out here, Noah." And we still 
sat there. 

Seven days later we had a light rain. 
It sounded so nice up on the roof and 
the people cheered. This was new to 
them and they laughed and played. Ol' 
Noah did say it would rain sometime, 
but still we sat. In a few days, though, 
we felt the ark beginning to shift side 
to side. That was a nice rocking feel- 
ing. And then, suddenly, we began to 
move. Then we heard our neighbors, 
crying and screaming, begging for Noah 
to open the door for them. But it was 
too late for those wicked people; God 
had shut the door. 

The rains kept coming and we had 
these animals every place. I tried to 
clean the ark, but that was impossible! 
Finally Noah reassured me, "Just be 
patient, wife." And those animals real- 
ly were nice. 

After a long time, Noah saw the sky 
was lighter from the window at the top 
of the ark. He sent out a dove, but she 
soon returned. My, we were glad for 
that breath of fresh air through the 
window! One week later, he sent out 
the dove again. This time she returned 
with an olive leaf — Noah speculated 
the tree tops were above the water 
level. Now we were getting cabin 
fever — very anxious to get out. Well, 
another week passed and out went the 
(continued on page 3) 

OMssionarij <^JMiscdkmj 


As Shirley Black wrote, the 
Aspinalls and Winters will terminate 
their foreign missionary service this 
summer. We will welcome them back 
into the United States. Pray for them 
as they complete their responsibilities, 
make decisions about what to bring 
with them and what to distribute 
there. Can you imagine their dilemma 
after 30 and 20 years respectively? 
Pray for Allen Baer, who will continue 
in Beunos Aires as the overseer of the 
churches. And pray for the national 
church leaders who will assume new 
positions of leadership. 

Dave and Diane Kerner and their 
three children will be on furlough this 
summer, too. Dave continues to give 
leadership training to the Colombia 
Brethren Church in Bogota and Diane 
teaches in the kindergarten for mis- 
sionary children. They plan to return 
to Colombia following their furlough. 

Ken and Carolyn Solomon are lo- 
cated in Medellin, Colombia, and are 
kept extremely busy in ministering in 
any situation that arises. They dis- 
tribute many tracts and use every op- 
portunity to witness and minister. 
Many of the people that Ken knew pre- 
viously as children are those adults to 
whom he and Carolyn are ministering 

One of Carolyn's gifts is hospitality, 
and she cooks many extra meals as she 
and Ken entertain in their home or 
visit with people and share the Gospel. 
Medellin continues to be a dangerous 
city and sometimes violence hits close 
to home. A neighbor across the street, 
whom the Solomons had visited re- 
cently when he and his wife had a new 
baby, was killed along with six others 
in a drug-related incident. Another 
time, people were just leaving their 
worship service, when they heard 
shots fired. Three people were killed in 
the block where they worshiped. 

Please pray for the Lord's hand of 
protection to be on the Kerners and 
the Solomons. 

Todd and Tracy Ruggles and Tim 
and Jan Eagle are having good ex- 
periences in language school. Tracy 
wrote about the family with whom 
they live: the father Jorge, the mother 
Clarita, and children Jorge, Jr. (15 
years) and Maria (14 years). Todd and 
Tracy are the "children Americana." 
The family does not speak English, so 
the Ruggles have Spanish full-time, 
even the TV news and radio. 

Their school classes include gram- 
mar, conferences, conversations, com- 
position writing, and cultural songs, 

dance, and expressions. Tracy and Jan 
will enroll in a cooking class, where 
they will learn to prepare Mexican 
dishes and the use of different spices 
and herbs. 

Their meal schedule is very dif- 
ferent. Breakfast is before school, be- 
tween 7-8 a.m., and is usually a good 
size meal (eggs, tortillas, fresh 
squeezed juice, fruit, and coffee). 
Lunch is about 2:30-4 p.m. and is a 
very large meal, much like our supper: 
meat, lots of vegetables, and usually 
fruit for dessert. Around 8:30-10 p.m. 
is dinner. This is usually only coffee 
and breads, a light meal so there's not 
much on your stomach before bed. 

All of them appreciate their mail 
and prayer support. Tracy listed these 
specific prayer requests: 

(1) We will continue to grow with 
God each day and be witnesses to 
other students and instructors, as well 
as our "family." 

(2) We will continue to learn and 
put into practice what we are learning 
with language and culture. 

(3) The Lord will continue to give us 
physical and mental strength, since 
our course is very intensive. 

(4) Pray for the people of Mexico, 
that they will be open to the gospel, 
and for our national pastors, that they 
will continue to have success in their 
ministry and feel God's continual 

The President's Pen {continued) 

plan to return to the United States, 
please pray for them. I am sure that 
this will be a very difficult time for 
them. They will be leaving many 
friends whom they have learned to 
love as family. 

Plan to come to National Conference 
this year and say hello to all of the 
missionaries that will be there. I look 
forward to seeing many of you in 

In Christian Love, 
Shirley Black 




The Men of Mission have chosen the 
completion of the Riverside School for 
their summer work project. Remember 
the Men of Mission have helped to 
build churches during the past few 
summers, so they are experienced and 
anxious to continue using their 
abilities and energies for the Lord's 

The four weeks from June 14 to July 
10 are designated as work weeks. 
There are lots of jobs to do: electrical, 
plumbing/heating, carpentry, painting, 
and lots of miscellaneous. After July 
10, the remaining weeks until school 
are designated for putting on the 
finishing touches and moving into the 
classrooms. Work teams are needed 
and so are funds. The MOM committee 
has asked churches to take some 
money with them to help purchase 
materials. In order to complete the 
building, an estimated $50,000 is 
needed. Of course, the Riverside 
School is seeking funds, too. 

Workers are needed for all of the 
above jobs and cooks. Women are in- 
vited to help. Refer to the April Breth- 
ren Evangelist for information; letters 
with additional data were sent to pas- 
tors and local MOM leaders. Contact 
Dorman Ronk (419-281-3050) in Ash- 
land or DeWayne Lusch in Hun- 
tington, Indiana (219-356-3384), if you 
have questions and for scheduling. 
Doran and Nancy Hostetler are excited 
about the work teams and a school 


Published bimonthly in January, 
March, May, July, September, and 
November by the Woman's Missionary 
Society of The Brethren Church. 

Mrs. Dorman Ronk, Editor 

1325 Carriage Hill Court 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Subscription price, $7.50 per year in 

Send all subscriptions to Mrs. Robert 
Kroft, 608 Twp. Road 1151, RD 5, Ash- 
land, OH 44805 

Woman's Outlook Newsletter 


In my office I use a calendar with a 
daily quotation from people whom I 
don't know. However, the quotes are 
usually meaningful. Since Leap Year 
isn't an annual happening, I saved 
February 29, 1992, because it was spe- 
cial. David Ketchum was quoted: "Two 
phrases — "Will you help?' and Tes, I 
will!' — comprise the most beautiful 
duet in American history." I liked that. 

Also on my calendar are these days: 

• National Day of Prayer — May 6 

• Mother's Day — May 9 

• Commencement — May or June, 
depending on which school 

• Memorial Day — May 30 

• Children's Day — June 13 

• Flag Day — June 14 

• Father's Day — June 20 
This is a family time! 

And it begins with prayer. The 
United States is the only country 
which observes a day of prayer as a 
nation. Use this day in prayer for your 
self, your family, your church and mis- 
sionaries, your local and state govern- 
ment officials, and the national 
leaders: President and Mrs. Clinton, 
senators and representatives. 

// my people, which are called by my 
name, shall humble themselves, and 
pray, and seek my face, and turn from 
their wicked ways; then will I hear 
from heaven, and will forgive their sin, 
and will heal their land. 

II Chronicles 7:14 

With the foundation of prayer, 
celebrate, honor, and remember your 
family. Even for the deceased, enjoy 
and appreciate your happy memories. 
Take time to teach your children 
Christian values. That should bring 
you back to prayer and Bible reading, 
talking with and listening to God, the 
foundation of a Christian home. 


From the Central District, the Mil- 
ledgeville Brethren Beacons ladies 
made "stone" soup and distributed 23 
quarts of vegetable and chicken soup 
to area shut-ins and senior citizens. 
They also made door decorations for 
the Good Samaritan nursing home as 
well as sewing lap robes and doing 

The Priscilla Circle learned ideas of 
ministry from Margaret Charlton of 
the Good Samaritan nursing home. 
She also described some of the laws 
governing the services of the home. 
The Mission Emphasis Weekend was 
March 19-21, with the national presi- 
dent, Shirley Black, as the guest 

FROM 1992 

Do you remember who said: 

1. Changes in the world's economy are 
the hardest things an Amish family 
faces today. 

2. I strongly urge each church to begin 
a corporate prayer group. 

3. Your help is needed in outfitting 
these two new missionary couples 
(Eagle and Ruggles). Thank you in 
advance for having a vital part in 
their ministries. 

4. Don't think you are too old for the 
Lord to use. 

5. Prayer is the glue that holds all the 
armor together. 

6. When we use our gifts and abilities 
God has given us, look what He can 

7. The whole question of loyalty to 
Jesus Christ is whether we wear 
His armor, when we go into battle. 
It is clear that Jesus Christ is the 
leader, and we are to follow Him. 
God assumes we will put on the 
armor before we enter into warfare. 

Answers are in the third column. 




August 2-6, 1993 
Ashland, Ohio 

Mrs. Noah (continued) 

dove, but she didn't return. Then God 
told Noah to open the door and we 
would leave the ark — our family and 
all the animals, birds, and creepy 

It was a day of thanksgiving! Noah 
built an altar to the Lord and offered 
sacrifices. God blessed us and 
promised He would never again 
destroy the earth with a flood. To seal 
this promise, God placed a rainbow in 
the sky — it was beautiful! 

Well, when I married Noah, I never 
thought this would happen to me. I 
was just a plain simple woman that 
God used. Noah was a godly man and 
obedient to the Lord's voice and that's 
the way we taught our children. We 
need to preach God's Word and live 
lives pleasing to the Lord. 

I did all I could to help Noah — tried 
not to complain but tried to be patient. 
God uses all of us to fulfill His purpose 
and sometimes in ways that we would 
never guess. 

Prayer: Thank you, God, for using 
all of us in unique ways. Thank you, 
too, for giving us the rainbow to 
remind us of your love and care. 
Thank you for your Son, Jesus Christ, 
who is our Savior. 


1. Mary Borntrager, the WMS lunch- 
eon speaker 

2. Marlin McCann, Moderator 

3. James R. Black, Executive Director 
of the Missionary Board 

4. Mary Borntrager 

5. Marlin McCann 

6. Mary Borntrager 

7. Dr. Leith Anderson, guest lecturer 

May-June 1993 


n^ % 

Michelle Geaslen received the WMS 
Scholarship for her senior year at Ash- 
land University. She wrote "Sincere 
thanks for your special thoughtfulness. 
This gift has helped as I finish my last 
year of school. I plan to find a job in 
the Fashion field and minister to those 
I meet. Thank you in Christ, Michelle 

Michelle is a member of the 
Fremont, Ohio, Brethren Church. 

The scholarship is available through 
your thank offerings. Others who 
benefit from the thank offerings are 
the Campus Ministry and Riverside 
Christian School in Lost Creek, Ken- 
tucky; these recipients are concerned 
about the Christian education of our 
youth. The offering received at the 
worship service sponsored by the WMS 
(formerly called the public service) is 
designated for the Seminary. The dues 
are used for 
conference ex- 
penses, and 
other items. 
And the project 
offering is for 
the new or- 
phanage in 
India for the 
girls. It is a joy 
to help provide 
and equip this 

Always at this time in the year, 
someone asks "Why are we giving this 
offering?" There is the answer. All of 
these benevolences sound expensive, 
and they are. But we can all work 
together to make generous offerings. 
"They helped every one his neighbor; 
and every one said to his brother, Be of 
good courage" Isaiah 41:6. 

*£) is trie t Qoinfls int Tyktor's Biding 

The Ohio District Conference was 
held at the Garber Church in Ashland 
in March, the day of the blizzard. 
Folks who came in the morning heard 
an inspirational message by the host 
pastor and district moderator, Ralph 
Gibson, and beautiful music by Janice 
Rowsey and Marty Weaver. 

Many left at noon while roads were 
still passable. The remaining delegates 
participated in the auxiliary meetings. 
Alberta Holsinger was the district 
WMS president. In lieu of devotions 
(the lady was sensible and didn't leave 
home), Alberta opened the meeting 
with prayer. 

New officers were elected: 

Patti Bub (West Alexandria), presi- 
dent; Lois Barnhart (Gratis), vice 
president; DeAnn Oburn (Wil- 
liamstown), secretary-treasurer; and 
Joanne Kroft (Garber), Assistant 
Secretary -Treasurer. 

The goals were considered and one 
important change was accepted. The 
ladies have studied the first eight 
chapters of Hebrews this year; next 
year the study will be the remaining 
chapters in Hebrews and Titus. The 
goal requests each lady to read the 
chapter six times a month and then to 
have a short study. We know that by 
reading a chapter several times, we 
absorb it. The study can be brief 
without detracting anything from the 

Alberta announced the three 
recipients of the Marge Scholarship at 
Ashland University: DeAnn Oburn, 
Pleasant Hill; Annalee Hoover, North 
Georgetown; and Laura Lucas, Ash- 
land. The scholarship is given in 
memory of Margery Whitted to a 
young lady from the Ohio district who 
is enrolled at Ashland University. 

The project is equipping Tim and 
Jan Eagle for the mission field and of- 
ferings will be received at the spring 
rallies in late April. Next year's project 
will help the Ruggles. 

Dear Friend, 

In Ashland plans are being set for 
General Conference; it will be one of 
the best. Isn't each one? 

You will be surprised to see the 
Myers Convocation Center, which is 
recently remodeled and beautiful. One 
worker said, "The Brethren won't 
know where they are!" Yes, we will 
and we will appreciate it. 

Here I am, embarrassed again. In 
the last Newsletter, I misquoted 
JoAnn Seaman. JoAnn actually said 
this, "1,150 receive the Newsletter and 
750 receive the Brethren Evangelist. 
With the two publications combined, 
400 more receive the Evangelist." 
Please don't think JoAnn has a prob- 
lem with figures, it is I. That's one 
reason why she is the treasurer. 

Spring is slow in coming to Ashland. 
We eagerly await warmer weather, 
leafy trees, and garden produce. I 
think of the tree planted by the rivers 
of water, that bringeth forth his fruit 
in his season (Psalm 1:3). And in The 
Daily Bread, the author described the 
Kofa palm that grows on the sides of a 
narrow gorge in the Kofa Mountains of 
Arizona. Botanists have studied its 
growth and concluded the opposite 
walls of the canyon reflect light and 
warmth to enable the palms to grow. 

We may be near the River of Life or 
struggling on a mountainous gorge, yet 
we can reflect God's love. Our "fruit" 
can be praise for God's goodness, a 
shelter as a listener, a sitter for 
children to play, while mothers have 
some free time. 

An interesting study is of the trees 
named in the Bible — the cedars of 
Lebanon, the oaks of righteousness, 
the sycamore, juniper, or balsa. Choose 
a strong one and be like it this sum- 
mer! And remember, when there is 
pruning, God's purposes are being 
worked out. 

Your friend, 

(/ Joan 

Woman's Outlook Newsletter 

Our Experiences in the 
Crusader Program 

By Julie and Jerry Flora 

my third term as a Summer 
Crusader. In those days the Cru- 
sader program included only a 
team of four women. We were not 
all Brethren, but we served under 
the Brethren Youth organization 
at Ashland College. One of the 
Crusaders who served with me that 
year was Doris (King) Barnett. 

Our team led and taught vaca- 
tion Bible schools in Indiana 
churches. Not all of those churches 
were Brethren. In some cases a 
community Bible school was held 
for several denominations in one 
of the local church buildings. The 
Bible schools in which I worked 
were located in farm areas. 

Approximately 100 students at- 
tended these Bible schools. I 
remember teaching a class of fif- 
teen juniors. The average attend- 
ance at a VBS held at Twelve 
Mile, Ind., was 122, with an 
average of 60 at another one at 

Julie (Tritch) Flora served as a 
Crusader in 1951, 1952, and 1953; 
Jerry sang with the Ambassadors 
in 1952 and 1955. 

Julie taught third grade and 
music at Pasadena Christian 
School for a time, was a full-time 
pastor's wife and mother for sev- 
eral years, and later worked at 
The Carpenter's Shop (Brethren 
bookstore) in Ashland. At present 
she is an assistant librarian at 
Ashland Theological Seminary. 
She sings in the Park Street 
Brethren Church choir and writes 
articles for various periodicals. 

As a student, Jerry served sev- 
eral years as president of National 
Brethren Youth. He later served 
two Brethren pastorates. For the 
past 21 years he has been a profes- 
sor at Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary. He is also a writer and editor. 

Jerry and Julie are co-authors of 
a book, Faith and Fortitude. They 
also hold seminars on spiritual 

Julie (c.) and Jerry (far r.) Flora, with fellow Gospel Team members (I. to r) 
Glenn Grumbling, Ruth Barber, and Edna Lindsley. 

Dutchtown. I remember spending 
time in study and preparation, 
although I do not remember what 
curriculum materials we used. My 
photo album shows a donkey we 
made for a commencement skit. 

In addition to teaching Bible 
school, we held Sunday evening 
or midweek services. While the 
other members on my team read 
scripture, sang, and preached, I 
always played the piano. Each 
Bible school lasted two weeks, 
and we held three of them in dif- 
ferent areas of Indiana during 
the summmer. 

My photos show us having lots 
of fun at the homes of the kind, 
hospitable people who kept us 
during the two weeks. I also 
remember the delicious food. 
Since much of our service took 
place in June, we kept a record of 
how many meals contained straw- 

We enjoyed being on the farms. 
We played with or watched the 
animals and even rode horses. 
One time someone brought a 
horse to the Bible school. I also 
have a picture of us on a tractor. 
One special thrill for me was 

when Elmo, a preacher's son, took 
us for a flight in his small, one- 
engine airplane. 

While I was teaching vacation 
Bible School, Jerry was singing 
bass in an all-male group called 
the Ambassador Quartet. The 
other three members of the quar- 
tet were Harold Barnett, Phil 
Lersch, and Robert Keplinger. 
They visited all the Brethren 
churches in Indiana presenting 
an inspirational service that fea- 
tured their singing and which in- 
cluded a short drama of the life of 
the Apostle Paul. 

I was pleased when they also 
sang for my Grandmother Grisso's 
funeral at Mexico, Indiana, dur- 
ing that summer. This was also 
the time when Jerry made his in- 
itial decision to choose me to be 
his life partner. 

Jerry sang with the Ambassa- 
dors again in 1955. That year the 
other members of the quarter were 
Marlin McCann, Ray Aspinall, 
and Richard Kuns. Rolf Stolpner 
also traveled with the group and 
played the piano. 

This team provided revival serv- 
ices for a week at a time. They 

May 1993 


served in several churches during 
the summer. They also taught at 
Riverside Christian Training School 
and spent a few days at Lake 
Shipshewana helping drill a well. 
One of their fun times was a trip 
to the Ringling Brothers Circus. 

Another traveling group com- 
posed of college students during 
those years was the Gospel Team. 
Christian activities at the college 
included a Men's Gospel Team or- 
ganization as well as a Women's 

Gospel Team. Members from 
these two groups would form a 
mixed team that would travel to 
a Brethren church to hold serv- 
ices for a few days. 

During our first year of college 
(1952), Jerry and I were on one of 
these teams that traveled to the 
Waterloo, Iowa, First Brethren 
Church. This trip was one of the 
events that helped us get started 
on our life together. Shortly 
before this trip I had broken my 

ankle. Therefore the guys had to 
carry me up and down steps. In 
spite of my injury, I was thankful 
for the opportunity to serve in 
this way. 

God can use our lives at all 
ages if we are open and willing to 
be molded into His Divine will. A 
hymn that comes to my mind is: 

Give of your best to the Master, 
Give of the strength of your youth; 
Clad in salvation's full armor, 
Join in the battle for truth. [f] 

*7/te GtoOadeA. Pi&jAgm 

What We Learned From Serving 
As Summer Crusaders 

By Kathy (Stout) and Jeff Carter 

AS JEFF AND I were sitting at 
the kitchen table one morn- 
ing before our three little ones got 
up, we asked ourselves the ques- 
tion suggested by the title of this 
article. We came to the realiza- 
tion that even though we served 
in different parts of the United 
States and were on two totally 
different education teams, we had 
similar experiences and feelings 
about being Crusaders. 

When asked the question, "How 
was your summer?" at Crusader 
Review, I remember Jeff replying 
over and over again, "It was 
GREAT!" My response was some- 
thing along the lines of how much 
fun it was and yet how challeng- 
ing it could sometimes be living 
with Nancy, Dave, Danny, and 
Rich for a whole summer. 

Jeff served on the education 
team "Seekers" in 1981, and Kathy 
served on the ed. team Corner- 
stone in 1984. They worked sev- 
eral years as volunteers with Youth 
for Christ before becoming Senior 
Youth leaders five years ago at the 
Burlington, Indiana, First Breth- 
ren Church. Both are active on the 
Board of Christian Education at 
Burlington. Choir and W.M.S. are 
other areas of ministry in which 
Kathy is presently involved. She 
also plans to be a co-coordinator 
for the upcoming Passing On the 
Promise process. 

Jeff and Kathy Carter with (I. to r.) 
Cassie, Kelly Ann, and John. 

In retrospect, those answers — 
given by us just twelve and nine 
years ago — seem so trivial. As 
we reflect back, our responses 
should have included comments 
about a clearer commitment to 
the denomination, the need for 
evangelism, and our enthusiasm 
for what we could do to serve our 
home church. 

As we visited churches in Florida, 
Indiana, Illinois, and Ohio, we had 
the experience of meeting several 
different Brethren "personalities." 
Some were more serious, while 
others were less reserved. But all 
were Brethren and all supported 
us and participated in other 
denominational functions. It is 
always a thrill when we are able 
to recognize pastors and church 
workers from the various churches 
we served. We realize that the 
denomination is bigger than just 
our little congregation. 

Since both Jeff and I were on 
education teams, canvassing and 
evangelism were big parts of our 
experiences. I can recall in one of 
the churches I served that the 
pastor took a bus into the down- 
town neighborhoods, and kids 
from all walks of life came to the 
church for Bible school. My class 
looked like a United Nations con- 
ference! The experience of going 
out and reaching unchurched 
kids for Bible school opened our 
eyes to the importance of evan- 

Along with bringing back a 
desire to reach out beyond the 
boundaries of our home church, 
other results of the Crusader ex- 
perience included getting involved 
in other areas of service and 
making a stronger commitment 
(continued at bottom of next page) 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Announcing the 1993 

Crusader Interns, Summer Crusaders, 

and District Crusaders 

TWENTY-TWO young people will be serving in 
the three branches of the Crusader Program 
during the summer of 1993. 


Six young adults will be serving as Crusader In- 
terns this summer: 

ANDREW CRUM (Burlington, Indiana) will 
serve as an intern at the Muncie, Indiana, First 
Brethren Church. 

TROY CUMMINS (Bryan, Ohio) will work as a 
camp staff intern at the Brethren Retreat Center 
in Shipshewana, Indiana. 

BECKI FULMER (Park Street Brethren Church, 
Ashland, Ohio) will serve an internship at the Mul- 
vane, Kansas, Brethren Church. 

JACK MILLER (University Church, Ashland, 
Ohio) will serve as a pastoral intern at the Louis- 
ville, Ohio, First Brethren Church. 

KAREN ROBINS (Tucson, Arizona, First Breth- 
ren) will serve an internship with the Nappanee, 
Indiana, First Brethren Church. 

KURT STOUT (Burlington, Indiana) will serve 
as a pastoral intern at the North Manchester, In- 
diana, First Brethren Church. 

What we learned 

(continued from previous page) 
to our church. Unlike me, Jeff did not grow up 
in The Brethren Church, so being a Crusader 
impacted his involvement and love for The 
Brethren Church more than it impacted mine, 
since my parents had always encouraged me to 
be involved and had set an example of active 

What wonderful memories we both have of 
our summers! The best things about Crusader 
memories and experiences are that we can still 
learn from them and that we can encourage 
other young people to become a part of that 
special group of people known as Summer 
Crusaders. [f] 

Crusader Interns: 

Above — 
(seated, I. to r.) 
Karen Robins, 
Becki Fulmer, 
(standing, I. to r.) 
Andrew Crum, 
Kurt Stout, 
Troy Cummins. 

At left — 
Jack Miller. 

Two ministry teams have been chosen to serve as 
Summer Crusaders. 


Stacy Oligee, a four-year veteran Crusader from 
the West Alexandria, Ohio, First Brethren Church, 
will serve as the team leader of Unashamed (2 
Timothy 1:7-12). Dawn Kidd, another four- year vet- 
eran who is from the Bethlehem Brethren Church 

May 1993 


in Harrison- 
burg, Virginia, 
will complete 
this team of 

will serve the 
(Manteca) and 
churches in 
California as 
well as spend 
a week work- 
ing at Camp 
Berea in the 
Northern Cal- 
ifornia Dis- 
trict. They will 
then travel to 
the Southwest 
District, where 
they will work 
two weeks in 

Unashamed team members Stacy 
Oligee (seated) and Dawn Kidd. 

camp and one week in various activities (youth, 
senior adult ministries, etc.) within the district. 

His Workmanship 

Annalee Hoover and Sarah Hollewell will serve 
as co-leaders for the ministry team His Work- 
manship (Eph. 2:8-10). Annalee is a four-year 
veteran from the North Georgetown, Ohio, Breth- 
ren Church and a member of the Park Street 

Brethren Church in Ashland, Ohio. Sarah is a 
three-year veteran from the Lanark, Illinois, First 
Brethren Church. Other members of the team are 
Wendy Barr, a second-year Crusader from the 
Hagerstown, Maryland, Brethren Church; and first- 
year member Kimberly Crouch from the New 
Lebanon, Ohio, Brethren Church. 

His Workmanship will serve churches in the 
midwest and east. Their main responsibilities will 
be VBS, youth events, worship services, nursing 
homes, a week of camp, and inner city ministries. 


Three districts are participating in the District 
Crusader program this summer. This is the fourth 
year for a district crusader team from the Pennsyl- 
vania District and the first year for both the Indi- 
ana and Ohio Districts. 

Pennsylvania District Crusaders 

Four young women comprise this team. Leslie 
John from the Cameron, West Virginia, Brethren 
Church is the only second-year district crusader on 
the team. The other three team members, all first- 
year crusaders, are Jaime Gillespie from the Vinco 
Brethren Church in Mineral Point, Pa.; Samantha 
Hank of the Pleasant View Brethren Church in 
Vandergrift, Pa.; and Mauna Sampson of the 
Cameron, West Virginia, Brethren Church. 

Ohio District Crusaders 

The Ohio District Crusaders will serve for two 
weeks at Camp Bethany working with the elemen- 
tary and junior weeks of camp. 

Members of this team are Kayleen Gibson (cap- 
tain) from the Garber Brethren Church in Ashland, 
Ohio; Jenny Curfman from the North Georgetown, 
Ohio, Brethren Church; Leola Icenhour from the 
Park Street Brethren Church in Ashland; and Holly 
Curfman, also from the North Georgetown Breth- 
ren Church. 

Indiana District Crusaders 

Three young women will serve as the Indiana 
District Crusaders. They are Christy Brower of the 
Roann, Ind., First Brethren Church; Amber Dolby 
from the North Manchester, Ind., First Brethren 
Church; and Nichole Caughell, also from the 
Roann First Brethren Church. 

Tentative plans are for this team to serve at 
camp and at a vacation Bible school. [f] 

His Workmanship team members (seated, I. to r.) 
Sarah Hollewell, Annalee Hoover, (standing, I. to r.) Kim- 
berly Crouch, and Wendy Barr. 


The Brethren Evangelist 



"Learning and Passing It On" is Theme 
Of SS Emphasis Month at Warsaw Church 

Warsaw, Ind. — The First Brethren 
Church of Warsaw observed February 
as Sunday School Emphasis Month. 

The theme for the month was "Learn- 
ing and Passing It On." 

As part of this emphasis, the Ministry 
of Nurture asked Sunday school stu- 
dents of all ages to tell what they have 
learned in or about Sunday school. 
Their responses were then printed in 
the bulletin each week to encourage 
others to attend Sunday school and 
learn some valuable lessons of their 

In keeping with their theme, the War- 
saw Brethren want to pass on some of 
those lessons in order to encourage 
others to think about what they have 
learned . . . and then to "Pass It On." 

I've learned the memory verse John 
10:14. — age 6 

I've learned that sharing as a group 
shows the love of Jesus. — age 82 

I've learned that I like stories from the 
Bible. — age 8 

I've learned that if you have your les- 
son done, you learn more. — age 36 

I've learned that it only takes 45 
minutes a week to attend Sunday school. 
— age 31 

I've learned my favorite Bible story 
about Noah and the flood. — age 8 

I've learned that it's helpful to share 
my thoughts and feelings with others. — 
age 70 

I've learned Psalm 23. — age 8 

I've learned that Sunday school gets 
me into a good perspective and helps 

Deacon and Deaconess Ordained 
At Raystown Brethren Church 

Saxton, Pa. — Alfred and Bonita 
Chamberlain were ordained deacon 
and deaconess Sunday evening, March 
21, at the Raystown Brethren Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Chamberlain are active 
members and workers at the Raystown 
Church. Mrs. Chamberlain is W.M.S. 
president and an adult Sunday school 
teacher. Mr. Chamberlain is doing 
much of the re- 
modeling work on 
the church build- 
ing. Together they 
serve as leaders of 
the youth group 
and also operate a 
clothing ministry 
located on top of 
their garage. 

In addition, Mr. 
Chamberlain is a 
licensed minister in 
the Pennsylvania 
District and hopes 
to be ordained in 
the future. He is 
employed by the 
New Enterprise 
Stone and Lime 
Company. The 
Chamberlains have 
two sons — Travis 
(17) and Chris- 
topher (14). 

Participating in 
the ordination 

May 1993 

service were Raystown Pastor Lloy 
Blattenberger; Rev. Bill Yoder, pastor of 
the Main Street Brethren Church in 
Meyersdale, Pa.; Rev. Bryan Karchner, 
pastor of the Berlin, Pa., Brethren 
Church and representing the Pennsyl- 
vania District Board of Oversight; Jean 
Weimert, Raystown deaconess; Nancy 
Weimert, church secretary; and Susan 
Weimert. The Chamberlains' two sons 
served as ushers. A time of fellowship 
followed the service. 

— reported by Susan Weimert 

Photo by Susan Weimert 

New deacon couple Alfred and Bonita Chamberlain (kneel- 
ing) with (1. to r.) Jean Weimert, Rev. Bill Yoder, Raystown 
Pastor Lloy Blattenberger, and Rev. Bryan Karchner. 

me manage throughout the week. — age 

I've learned that reading and studying 
the Bible with people from Sunday 
school makes it easier to understand. — 
age 29 

I've learned that worldly things don't 
last forever; God's love does. — age 40 

I've learned that you can have fun in 
Sunday school, but to also take it 
seriously and pay attention to get the 
most out of the lesson. — age 15 

I've learned that verses memorized 
as a child have stayed with me and in- 
fluenced my adult life. — age 84 

I've learned about Jesus and the 
loaves and the fishes. — age 7 

I've learned that everything has a pur- 
pose in God's great plan and it's interest- 
ing to learn how we fit into His plan. — 
age 40 

I've learned that Sunday school is a 
basic part of learning about God's word. 
— age 14 

I've learned that Christ was born in a 
stable and that an angel told Mary to 
name her baby Jesus. — age 5 

I've learned that I understand God's 
word better through discussions in our 
class. — age 74 

I've learned that we all have struggles 
in life and sharing these struggles can be 
comforting. — age 41 

I've learned that God has provided us 
with a beautiful world to live in. — age 

I've learned that we are all God's 
children and have the ability to love one 
another. — age 29 

I've learned that no matter how many 
times you go over the scriptures, there is 
always something new or different to 
learn. — age 60 

I've learned that David had a son who 
wanted to be king, so he tried to kill 
David. — age 7 

I've learned the value of Christian 
friendship and love for others. — age 53 

I've learned the great opportunity for 
Christian growth is in assembling our- 
selves together, studying God's word, 
and applying it to our lives with God's 
help. — age 69 

— submitted by Karen Funkhouser, 
Co-chair, Ministry of Nurture 

Hunger Fact 

Over 40,000 children worldwide die 
each day from hunger-related causes. 
That number is equal to 100 jumbo jets, 
each loaded with 400 children, crashing 
to the earth, one every 14 minutes, and 
leaving no survivors. 

— Art Simon, Bread for the World 



Ohio District Conference Held March 12-13 
Despite Worst Winter Storm of the Season 

Ashland, Ohio — Snow was on every- 
one's mind at the Ohio District Confer- 
ence held March 12 and 13, the weekend 
of the "blizzard of the decade" in eastern 
United States. 

Fortunately, Ashland, the conference 
location, was not severely hit, but gust- 
ing winds and driving snow proved wor- 
risome for the 75 delegates (47 lay, 28 
ministerial) and 15 guests who braved 
the elements to attend the conference. 

The gathering was held in the beauti- 
ful new sanctuary of the Garber Breth- 
ren Church, dedicated just a year ear- 
lier. Rev. Ralph Gibson, pastor of the 
church, served as moderator. 

An inspirational service was held Fri- 
day evening (March 12). Seminary stu- 
dent Jim Garrett, who serves as youth 
pastor at the Garber Church, led the 40 
or so people who attended in singing 
favorite hymns, then gave a brief devo- 
tional about "focusing on things above," 
based on Col. 3:12-17. Garber member 
Martha Weaver sang for the service. 

The Saturday session opened with 
special music by Garber trio Janice 

Rowsey, Bonnie Gibson, and Mary 
Weaver; and selections on the musical 
saw by Milo Truex. Then Moderator 
Gibson, using Acts 2:42-47 as his text, 
spoke about some of the basic tools for 
building the church. 

During the business session that fol- 
lowed, delegates approved a recommen- 
dation from the District Mission Board 
that the (Ashland) University Church 
be elevated from a class to a full con- 
gregation. Action was also taken to dis- 
band the district board of trustees and 
to assign the board's responsibilities to 
the District Executive Committee (to be 
renamed the District Board of Direc- 
tors). This action was referred to the 
District Rules and Organization Com- 
mittee for final implementation at the 
1994 district conference. 

Reports were received from the treas- 
urer and statistician and from the boards 
and auxiliaries of the district. Statis- 
tician Dorman Ronk noted a gain of 122 
members (from 3,752 to 3,874) in the 
district in 1992, with a gain of 915 mem- 
bers in the last ten years. Average wor- 

ship attendance for the 22 congrega- 
tions of the district was 3,376, with six 
churches having a greater average wor- 
ship attendance than membership 
(Walcrest — worship = 186% of mem- 
bership; Smoky Row — 140%; Garber — 
130%; Northview Brethren Life — 106%; 
Pleasant Hill — 104%; Newark — 102%). 

Elections resulted in these officers for 
1993-94: moderator-elect — Rev. Jim 
Koontz; secretary — Linda Geaslen, and 
assistant — Vanessa Gordon; treas- 
urer — Stanley Gentle, and assistant — 
Jeff Whiteside; statistician — Dorman 
Ronk. Rev. Jim Rowsey, pastor of the 
Smithville Brethren Church, is the new 

Following lunch, reports were pre- 
sented by the various denominational 
ministries of The Brethren Church. Dr. 
Mary Ellen Drushal (academic dean) 
reported for Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary that 29 Brethren students cur- 
rently attend the school. She also noted 
that five Romanians have applied for 
admission, but that they cannot be ac- 
cepted unless finances for their support 
can be found. 

The conference concluded with con- 
current sessions of the W.M.S., Breth- 
ren Men of Mission, and Elders. 

— Richard C. Winfield 

Rev. Ron Williams to Receive 
Honorary Doctor's Degree 

Shaker Heights, Ohio — Rev. Ronald 
Williams II, founder and pastor of the 
Brethren Fellowship of the Savior, has 
been chosen to receive an honorary 
doctor's degree from China Christian 
College of Taipei, Taiwan. 

Rev. Williams began the Brethren 
Fellowship of the Savior congregation in 
December 1982 with 12 members. The 
congregation has since grown to ap- 
proximately 1,000 members. In addi- 
tion to his preaching and teaching min- 
istry, Rev. Williams is an accomplished 
musician and composer. He is the direc- 
tor of The Voices of Koinonia, which is 
the concert choir of Brethren Fellowship 
of the Savior, and was the founder and 
director of the former Messengers of 

A native Clevelander, Williams is a 
1974 graduate of Livingston College, 
Salisbury, N.C. (B.A. degree in political 
science), and holds a Master of Divinity 
degree from Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary. He is married, and he and his 
wife, Karolyn, are the parents of two 
sons, Clifton and Christian. 

Rev. Williams will receive the 
honorary degree on Sunday, May 9, 
during the twelve o'clock (noon) worship 

service at the Brethren Fellowship of 
the Savior. The degree will be presented 
by Dr. John Wong, president of China 
Christian College. The speaker for the 
service will be Dr. Joseph R. Shultz, 
former president of Ashland University 
and Ashland Theological Seminary. 

Bud Lam Honored at Mt. Olive 
For 50 Years as Active Member 

the second oldest member of the Mount 
Olive congregation. 

On October 15, 1950, Bud married 
Charlotte Life. They are the parents of 
two married daughters, Martha Porter 
and Sara Miller, both of whom are ac- 
tive in the church. One grandchild, Jen- 
nifer Porter, will soon be joined by a 

Mr. Lam is preparing to retire from 
Merck, Inc., where he has been employed 
for the past 22 years. He is deeply ap- 
preciated by his pastor and church fam- 
ily, who wish him well in his retirement. 
— reported by Pastor Fred Miller 

Pineville, Va. — Hensel "Bud" Lam 
was honored March 21 by the Mount 
Olive Brethren Church for his 50 years 
of active member- 
ship in the con- 

Mr. Lam was 
awarded a golden 
anniversary certifi- 
cate and thanked 
by many in the con- 
gregation for his 
friendship and for 
the vital role he has 
played in bringing 
new people into the 

Bud was born 
November 3, 1930, 
to Leon and Fran- 
ces Lam. His Hansel "Bud" Lam (c.) with his wife, Charlotte and his 
mother is currently pastor, Rev. Fred Miller. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 

Hi boys and girls! 

Have you looked outside lately? Are there colorful flowers growing around 
your house or apartment? I have many different kinds of flowers growing in my 
yard. I love to take a walk and see how many colors I can find by just looking at 
my plants. 

These beautiful flowers remind me of the Bible book of Matthew, chapter 6, 
where Jesus talks about pretty flowers. He says that we never have to worry 
about anything because He will always take care of us — just as He takes care 
of the flowers. Sometimes you might worry about not having your homework 
done. You might worry about not having really neat clothes like the clothes 
another person in your class has. Or you might worry about your mom or dad not 
having enough money to pay for the things you need. 

Jesus says, "Seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these 
things will be given to you" (Matthew 6:33). This means that if you love Jesus with 
all your heart, He will always make sure that you have the things 
you need. Isn't it wonderful that Jesus takes care of 

See you next month! 

Read Matthew 6:25-34. 

God provides us with many 
things. Write some of the 
things that are important to 
you on each flower. Then 
color the flowers. Remem- 
ber: God always 
takes care 
of us! 

May 1993 



Putting Prayer into Practice Is Focus 
Of 1993 Brethren Pastors' Conference 

Branson, Mo. — Prayer was the pri- 
mary focus of the 1993 Brethren Pas- 
tors' Conference held March 16-18 at 
the Stonecroft Conference Center; not 
preaching about the importance of 
prayer or teaching on how to pray, but 
actual praying. 

Facilitator for the conference was 
Rev. Earl Pickard, national prayer 
director for Campus Crusade for Christ 
and a member of the National Prayer 

"I went to the conference expecting 
that Rev. Pickard would lead several 
sessions, teaching us about prayer," 
said Rev. Ronald W. Waters, Director of 
Brethren Church Ministries. "And I ex- 
pected we'd spend some time praying 
together, as well. 

"Instead, Rev. Pickard provided only 
brief periods of teaching about prayer. 
The major part of Tuesday evening and 
Wednesday were spent praying. We 
prayed corporately, in small groups, as 
couples, and individually; in the pews of 
the chapel, at the altar, and in circles of 
chairs; on our knees, on our seats, and 
on our feet standing and walking." 

Several of those present said that it 

"Empowered Through Prayer" Is 
SW District Conference Theme 

Tucson, Ariz. — "Empowered Through 
Prayer" was the theme of the Southwest 
District Conference held February 19- 
21 at the Tucson First Brethren Church. 

The conference opened Friday eve- 
ning with a worship service that fea- 
tured an Ashland Theological Seminary 
report by Vice President Fred Finks and 
a message by Rev. David Cooksey, 
Director of Pastoral Ministries for The 
Brethren Church. 

Business was conducted Saturday 
morning and early afternoon, with 
Moderator Chuck Wilson presiding. 
Reports from the treasurer, Camp Com- 
mittee, and the Board of Missions were 
received. Pastor David West reported 
that Northwest Brethren Chapel has 
employed an architect for an addition to 
its church building. 

Officers elected for 1993—94 were 
Sonny Clark — vice moderator; Debbie 
Wilson — secretary; Nadine Curtright — 
assistant secretary; Jim Fisher — 
treasurer. Rollie Cook, this year's vice 
moderator, is the new moderator. 

Following the afternoon business ses- 
sion, three workshops were held in suc- 

was one of the most intense times in 
their lives. Within five minutes of begin- 
ning the first prayer session, all attend- 
ing seemed to have caught the burden 
for praying and became actively involved. 

Prayers were specific. Prayers of wor- 
ship to God and of praise to the Lord 
Jesus Christ were offered. Prayers of 
repentance from individual and cor- 
porate sins were lifted up. One evening 
the participants corporately sur- 
rendered The Brethren Church and its 
individual congregations to God. 

Strained relationships were restored; 
pastors and spouses experiencing stress 
and emotional strain were surrounded 
with love and intercession; and physical 
healing was requested. Prayers were 
offered that Satan be bound, that cities 
be healed and open to the message of 
Christ, and that Brethren come to trust 
one another more fully. Denominational 
leaders, local churches, and hurting 
members of local congregations were 
upheld before the Lord. 

"The conference was one of the most 
encouraging and uplifting events of my 
life," said Rev. Waters. 

On Thursday morning, Dr. Brenda 

Colijn, co-chair of the Committee on 
Doctrine, Research, and Publication, 
led the pastors and other elders in a 
discussion session on a biblical inter- 
pretation booklet being developed by the 
committee. Spouses participated in a 
final prayer session with Rev. Pickard. 

More than 70 pastors, associates, 
retired pastors, other elders, and their 
spouses attend the conference. 

Special thanks go to Rev. Reilly Smith 
and the other pastors of the Midwest 
District for planning the conference and 
for providing the atmosphere for God's 
Spirit to move among this group of 
church leaders. 

The 1994 Pastors' Conference will be 
held in Indiana. Dates have not yet been 

"Because of the positive relationship- 
building and spiritual renewal that take 
place at Pastors' Conference, I urge 
churches to make every effort to have 
their pastor and spouse attend the 1994 
conference," commented Rev. Waters. 

"Some practical ways to help them do 
so include covering the cost of registra- 
tion and travel, providing child care, 
and intentionally blocking off that week 
in the church calendar so the pastor can 
be away from the church. The invest- 
ment in time and money will be well 
worth the spiritual benefits to the pas- 
toral family and to the church." 

cession: "Worship" led by Dr. Fred Finks; 
"Prayer" by Pastor Dave West; and 
"How Brethren Understand the Bible" 
by Rev. Bill Kerner. The day concluded 
with a worship service, with Rev. Rus- 
sell Gordon, the national Missionary 
Board's Director of Home Missions and 
Church Growth, giving the message. 
The conference ended Sunday morn- 

ing with worship services at both dis- 
trict churches. Rev. Gordon spoke at 
Northwest Brethren Chapel, and Dr. 
Finks spoke at the Tucson First Breth- 
ren Church. 

Next year's conference will be held 
April 15-17 at Northwest Chapel. 

— written by the editor using minutes and 
other reports from Dist. Sec. Maude Shingler 

"Be As Living Stones** is Theme 
Of Florida District Conference 

Sarasota, Fla. — "Be As Living Stones" 
was the theme of the 16th Annual Con- 
ference of the Florida District of The 
Brethren Church held Saturday, March 
6, at the Sarasota First Brethren Church. 

Mark Ray, Director of Ministries and 
Youth at the Sarasota Church, led 
choruses and presented special music to 
start the morning session. Then fol- 
lowed an inspirational message by Dr. 
Charles Munson, former professor and 
dean at Ashland Theological Seminary 

National Brethren ministry reports 
were given by Rev. David Cooksey, 
Director of Pastoral Ministries; Rev. 
Russell Gordon, Director of Home Mis- 
sions and Church Growth; and Dr. Fred 

Finks, Vice President of Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary. 

Rev. David Stone, pastor of the 
Bloomingdale Brethren Church, made a 
video presentation of a plan by the Mis 
s ions/Outreach Ministry of the Florida 
District to plant clusters of churches in 
the west coast and central regions of 
Florida. The goal of the plan is to plant 
twenty churches by the end of the year 
2,000, using teams of bi-vocational 
church planters. 

The strategy calls for planting five 
churches in a metropolitan area at one 
time, with the churches being close enough 
to provide support and share resources, 
yet far enough apart not to be minister- 
ing to the same people. At least three 
individuals or couples serving as tent- 
makers would be needed for each church. 

Rev. Stone also reported on the 
{continued on next page) 


The Brethren Evangelist 





Pastor Keith Harris of the Ser- 
geantsville, N.J., First Brethren Church 
and his wife, Cindy, recently made a trip 
to Israel, paid for by the members and 
friends of the church. The Harrises 
thoroughly enjoyed the trip and since 
returning have been showing the many 
slides they took while in the Holy Land. 
"For a small country church, we here at 
First Brethren have much to be thankful 
for," writes Mrs. Lawrence Emmons, 
secretary for the congregation. "Our 
church is slowly growing as many new 
families have moved into the area. The 
word of God is preached from the pulpit 
. . . and many have been saved through 
our pastor's ministry." Pastor Harris 

Florida District Conference 

(continued from previous page) 
progress of Passing On the Promise in 
the Florida District. He said that most 
of the district churches have decided to 
participate in the POtP process. 

Florida District Coordinator Paul 
Isaacson presided over the afternoon 
business session, which opened with 
choruses led by Rev. Daniel Rosales, 
pastor of Iglesia Hispafia de los Her- 
manos. Business included reports from 
the treasurer, the district ministries, 
and the district Ashland University 
Trustee Board member. Election of 
officers was also held, with Eugene Rob- 
bins elected as coordinator elect; Mary 
Ellen Swope as secretary; and Martha 
Stone as treasurer. Rev. Buck Garrett, 
this year's coordinator elect, becomes 
the new coordinator. 

Following the business session work- 
shops were presented by Rev. David 
Cooksey ("Churches in Balance") and 
Rev. Russell Gordon ("Church Growth"). 
The conference concluded with devotions 
and benediction by Rev. Buck Garrett, 
the new district coordinator. 

The Florida District has six churches 
which had a combined membership at 
the end of 1992 of 308. Average worship 
attendance in 1992 was 359. Seventeen 
members were added and 88 lost in 
1992 for a net loss of 71. 

— written by the editor using minutes from 
dist. sec. Mary Ellen Swope and other reports 

May 1993 

has served the congregation since Sep- 
tember 1, 1985. 

Roxie Stahl, a member of the Hunt- 
ington, Ind., First Brethren Church, 
received the Editor's Choice Award 
recently from the National Library of 
Poetry, Owings Mills, Maryland, for 
outstanding achievement in poetry. 
Mrs. Stahl's poem is being published 
this spring in the 1993 anthology, Where 
Dreams Begin. 


Christian Leaders for Responsible 
Television (CLeaR-TV), a group of more 
than 1,000 Christian leaders from nearly 
100 denominations, has called for a one- 
year boycott of products made by S.C. 
Johnson and Sons, Inc., a Racine, Wis., 
based corporation that markets a variety of 
waxes/polishes and household/personal 
products such as Agree shampoo, Edge 
shaving cream, Drano drain opener, Glade 
room deodorizer, Windex glass cleaner, 
and Johnson Wax. 

According to CLeaR-TV, S.C. Johnson 
and Sons, Inc., has been a leading sponsor 
of sex, violence, and profanity in prime- 
time television programming for more 
than two years. CLeaR-TV has repeatedly 
asked the company to reduce the amount 
of sex, violence, and profanity it sponsors 
on television, but the company has refused 
to do so. 

In Memoriam of Ellen Kiefer 

When we meet as W.M.S. members 

There will be a vacant chair 

But we hear in memory — her voice 

And we know that she is there. 

Words cannot express our thoughts 
of Ellen, who was a very lovable mem- 
ber. She did her share in all activities 
with much thoughtfulness, always 
knowing the right thing to do. The 
W.M.S. members will miss her in our 
local group, the district, and our na- 
tional W.M.S. 

Ellen filled her life and other lives 
with laughter and cheer. She was a 
leader, a teacher, and a helper. Yes, 
we will miss her, but . . . 

We know she met her Savior with 

her ready cheery smile, 
As He reached to help her as she 

walked the last long mile. 
An oh, the joy in heaven as Ellen 

took her place, 

And oh, the joy for Ellen as she 

finished her last race! 

— By Princess Frush 
This tribute to Ellen Kiefer was read by Princess f 

Frush at the W.M.S. Public Service on March 27 § 
at the Warsaw, Ind, First Brethren Church Ellen i 



Kiefer died March 18, 1993. Her death notice was 
included in last month's Evangelist. 

tltti¥lV«fV)iillM«'rTilMVT,",i)«Vft»,iV,y.': -,- -,-lh'i;;-WrVl.;YWV, 

In Memory 

Marjorie M. Sommers, 57, April 20. Member 
of the Loree First Brethren Church, where she 
was choir director at the time of her death, pres- 
ident of the Seekers Class, and a member of the 
Charity W.M.S. group. Services by Pastor James 
Thomas and Rev. Claude Stogsdill. 
Mary Durbin, 74, April 9. Member and deacon- 
ess for many years at the Vinco Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Jim Tomb. 
Martha Yeager, 83, April 6. Member for 74 
years of the Elkhart First Brethren Church, where 
she served as deaconess, Sunday school teacher, 
and choir member. She also held the office of 
president and all other offices of W.M.S. Serv- 
ices by Pastor Timothy P. Garner. 
Florence L. Harris, 102, March 27. Member of 
the North Manchester First Brethren Church. 
Services by Rev. Woodrow Immel. 
Florence B. Miller, 79, March 27. Member for 
64 years of the Warsaw First Brethren Church, 
where she faithfully attended Sunday school and 
W.M.S. Services by Pastor Mitchell Funkhouser. 
Violet Thomas, 79, March 27. Longtime mem- 
ber of the Vinco Brethren Church. Services by 
Pastor Jim Tomb. 

Noah Yoder, 67, March 24. Member for 38 years 
of the Elkhart First Brethren Church. Services by 
Pastor Timothy P. Garner. 
Gladys Yoder, 82, March 19. Member for more 
than 50 years of the Falls City First Brethren 
Church, where she served as a Sunday school 
teacher and was an active member of the W.M.S. 
until her death. She held many offices in the 

church and in W.M.S. Services by Pastor Wil- 
liam Shipman. 

Harry Leidy, 89, March 17. Longtime member 
of the Vinco Brethren Church. Services by Pastor 
Jim Tomb. 

Anna Marie Myer, 92, March 1 1 . Member of 
the Flora First Brethren Church. Services by 
Pastor Alvin Grumbling. 

Mary Gray, 61, February 12. Member of the 
Vinco Brethren Church. Services by Pastor Jim 
Tomb. The Windber Hospice had a special pro- 
gram in March on WJ AC TV (Johnstown, Pa.) in 
Mary Gray's memory to honor her courage and 
her Christian faith and witness. 
Mrs. Frances Acker, 87, February 9. Member 
since 1920 of the Oakville First Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Dan Lawson. 


Mr. and Mrs. Ross Connor, 73rd*, April 21. 
Members (Mr. Connor a charter member) of the 
Johntown Third Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Ardmore: 2 by baptism 
Pleasant View: 2 by baptism 
North Manchester: 4 by transfer 
Meadow Crest: 5 by baptism, 4 by affirma- 
tion of faith, 3 by transfer 

'Normally only 50th amd 5th-year anniversaries 
after the 50th are printed (i.e., 50th 55th, 60th, etc.). 
But because of this rare accomplishment (73!), an 
exception was made. — The Editor 



ate pueM&i JfOSi&aesi 

Friendships developed in the Crusader Program are strong! 

Crusaders participate in a variety of experiences together — visiting Brethren 
churches and camps, teaching VBS, leading worship, meeting people, and growing in 
their relationship with the Lord and with each other! These friendships last a lifetime! 

Do you know Brethren young people who would be good candidates to experience 
Christian service? They will gain new friendships and grow in their relationship with 
the greatest Friend of all through the Crusader Program! 

We challenge you to seek out these young people 
and to encourage them to prayerfully consider the 
Crusader Program. And pray for these young people 
and for others across the country who could benefit 
from serving as a Crusader Intern, Summer Crusader, 
or District Crusader in 1994. 

And to help during the summer of 1993 and in the 
future, please consider sending a contribution this 
month — Crusader month. Every gift will help give a 
Brethren young person the opportunity to experience 
Christian ministry first hand! 

Thank you for your prayers throughout the sum- 
mer . . . and thank you for your financial support this 
month. Send your gift to: 

The Crusader Program 

The Brethren Church, Inc. 
524 College Avenue 
Ashland, OH 44805 

'•■A. Li 

O Ci 

'J) i_j ;_:; 

Z h- uj 

Scenes from "Sacrifice of Glory," presented at 

the Mt. Olive Brethren Church see page 15 

Developing a Global Vision 

Our Worst Enemy 

SARA BEGAN attending church 
services with a friend and co- 
worker in Miami, Florida. During 
the preaching, Sara sat as if trans- 
fixed, absorbing every word. She 
also visited a couple of the church's 
home Bible-study groups. And she 
read from Genesis through the 
Gospels in less than a month. 

Then, just when it seemed that 
Sara was on the verge of making a 
personal profession of faith, a man 
whom she greatly respected advised 
her against attending the evangeli- 
cal meetings. Sara abruptly broke 
off her contact with the church. 

A story with a happier ending 

Here's a similar story but with a 
different ending. A Peruvian woman 
told me that she spent 22 years in 
ritualistic religion before reaching 
a point of deep spiritual emptiness. 
Someone told her about a thriving 
evangelical church, and she decided 
to attend. 

While taking a cab to the church, 
the woman told the driver, "I feel a 
little guilty that I'm going to an 
evangelical church." To her surprise, 
the cab driver turned and smiled. 
"I'm a Mormon. It would be no 
problem at all for me to take you 
right now to my church." 

The woman considered his sug- 
gestion, but went on to the evan- 
gelical church. There she found a 
saving relationship with Christ. 

I believe these two stories have 
something in common: the work of 
Satan, the Christian's Public Enemy 
Number One, alias Lucifer, fallen 
angel, devil, prince of this world. 

In the first instance, Satan won 
— although only temporarily, I 
believe. In the second, he tried 
hard but lost miserably. 

To be sure, we can fall into the 
error of giving Satan more credit 
than he is due — blaming every 
car problem, runny nose, and mis- 
spoken word on the devil. But on 
the other hand, we cannot afford to 
ignore that Satan does try to 
hinder, if not negate, a Christian's 
effective ministry. Satan will al- 
ways fight hard to keep people 
from getting into the kingdom. 

"Be self-controlled and alert," the 
Apostle Peter wrote. "Your enemy 
the devil prowls around like a 
roaring lion looking for someone to 
devour" (1 Pet. 5:8, A7V). 

Anyone actively doing missionary 
work and evangelism will tell you 
about the need to confront and con- 
quer Satan's disgusting schemes. 
While this is no treatise on spir- 
itual warfare, here are some prin- 
ciples we need to practice. 

Principles for facing Satan 

First, we must pray — both for 
the person doing the witnessing 
and for the person or persons be- 
ing evangelized. Andrew Bonar, a 
noted man of prayer, is quoted as 
saying that Satan "does not openly 
attack; he diverts. 

"The one concern of Satan is to 
keep the saints from prayer. He 
fears nothing from prayerless 
studies, prayerless work, prayer- 
less religion. He laughs at our toil, 
mocks our wisdom and trembles 
when we pray." 

This being the case, it should 
come as no surprise that one of our 
biggest struggles as Christians is 
buckling down and giving serious 
time to prayer and intercession. 

Second, we must nurture friends 
to whom we are witnessing, and 
we need to disciple new converts. 
It's rather irresponsible to think 
that we can preach or witness once 
to a person and then merely leave 
the results to God. It is a foregone 
conclusion that Satan will try to 
detour the inquirers and confuse 
the baby Christians. As Christ's 
Parable of the Sower (Mark 4:13- 
20) reveals, Satan is like a pesky 
bird stealing away the seed scat- 
tered on the soil, and he will try to 
snatch the word planted in hearts. 

Third, we must expect Satan-pro- 
voked obstacles. Have you ever 
noticed how often missionary (and 
pastors') families are hit by unex- 
pected financial bills, illnesses, 
and other distracting problems? A 
Bible translator working among a 
resistant tribe in the Amazon 
Basin said that every one of his 
translation helpers lost at least 
one family member by death 
during the translation project. 
None of the Indian Christians saw 
this as mere coincidence. 

Trials make us stronger 

Ironically, while Satan thinks 
these obstacles will cause us to 
cave in, God's word says just the 
opposite — that the trials will 
serve to make us stronger, more 
mature Christians (James 1:2-4). 

Fourth, we must realize that not 
everyone will accept the Good News 
of Christ as Savior or become an 
effective believer. That is just a sad 
fact of this fallen world. Christ's 
Parable of the Sower describes the 
varying response rate. 

We want to hit 100 percent. So we 
invest all our time and hope in one 
person, and if that person doesn't 
become a Christian or doesn't ma- 
ture as we would like, we get dis- 
couraged and want to give up. But 
to reap a lot, we've got to sow a lot. 

Well, that's all the free publicity 
I want to give Satan. He is a de- 
feated foe, you know. So the next 
time he comes barging in, remem- 
ber James 4:7 — "Submit yourselves, 
then to God. Resist the devil, and he 
will flee from you" (NP/). [|] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Funderburg Library 


North Manchester, \H 46962 

June 1993 
Volume 115, Number 6 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


John Maust 

Children's Page 

Sandi Rowsey 

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Street Children: Trash or Precious Souls? by Doug Nichols 4 

How will the church respond to the 100 million underprivileged chil- 
dren who struggle for existence in the cities around the world? 

How to be Angry Without Sinning by Patricia K. Peres 7 

While anger is not categorically forbidden in the New Testament, 
severe limitations are put on its expression. 

Are You Caught in a Trap? by Carl W. Yoder, Jr. 9 

If there are worldly things in your life that you won't let go of, Satan 
is making a monkey out of you. 

Hope for a Hurting World 14 

A statement by the National Association of Evangelicals. 

Special Section General Conference Preview 

General Conference Schedule 11 

Conference Speaker David Bryant to Focus on Prayer 11 

1993 National BYIC Convention 12 

Conference Registration Information 12 


Developing a Global Vision 2 

by John Maust 

Readers' Forum 10 

Cartoon 10 

Update 15 

From the Grape Vine 20 

Children's Page 21 

by Sandi Rowsey 

News-Notes From Around 22 
the World 

Cover: Photographs of scenes from "Sacrifice of Glory," a musical drama 
presented on Palm Sunday this year at the Mt. Olive Brethren Church in 
Pineville, Virginia. The photographs were taken by Barbara Roderick. See 
page 15 for more details. 

Photo identifications: 

Top photo, The Last Supper — Clockwise from top center: Mt. Olive 
pastor Rev. Fred Miller (in the role of Jesus), Ralph Kiser, Daniel Raynes, 
David Fitzsimons, Nathan Good, Eddie Ettinger, Reggie Smith, Roland Mc- 
Donald, David Huffman, Leon Shank, David Armstrong, Tom Hinkle, and 
Whit Kemper. 

Bottom left, The Crucifixion — Clockwise from the cross: Rev. Fred 
Miller, David Gochenour, Les Shifflett, and Scott Kyger. 

Bottom right, Resurrection Appearance — Rev. Fred Miller and Kathy 

Answers to the Little Crusader page: 

Thoughts on love: 1. Love; 2. everyone; 3. commandments. 

Unscrambled letters: 1. Jesus; 2. love; 3. commandment; 4. neighbor; 
5. friends. 

June 1993 

Street Children: Trash or Precious Souls? 

A were dying every day, there 
would be an outrage. But 40,000 
children are dying, and it's hardly 
noticed," said one representative 
to the Convention of the Rights of 
the Child at the United Nations in 

Not mere numbers 

One hundred million extremely 
underprivileged and street chil- 
dren struggle for existence in today's 
cities. Does this estimate bother 
you? Would it if your child or 
grandchild were among them? 
Each of these children is not a 
mere number; each is a living child, 
loved by God. 100 million! 

Are these children trash? Local 
businessmen in Brazil call them 
"Vermin. Garbage. If we let them 
grow up, they will be criminals, a 
blight on our society." Therefore, 

Mr. Nichols is international director 
of Action International Ministries, a 
mission agency with work in Colombia, 
Mexico, India, Brazil, and the Philip- 
pines. Ministry to street children and 
the extreme poor is an important part 
of the work of this mission. 

By Doug Nichols 

some policemen (and others) "moon- 
light" by contracting to kill them. 
In 1991 an average of 300 of these 
children were killed monthly in 
Brazil. In 1992 this number rose to 
400 killed each month. About 400 
were killed in the city of Racife, 
Brazil, alone, in one year. 

Some of these children are young 
and cute. They can still smile. But 
most are older, have rotten teeth, 
and are scar-faced, disease-ridden, 
flea-and-lice-infested, shifty-eyed, 
suspicious, and fearful. They are 
the poor, the outcast, the aban- 
doned, the exploited, the children 
of the streets. 

How do they exist? 

How do they exist on the streets? 
By begging, stealing, selling their 
bodies, and eating out of garbage 
cans. The government of the 
Philippines estimates that there 
are up to 15,000 child prostitutes 
between the ages of 9 and 12 in 
Manila's infamous flesh trade, and 
over fifty percent of them are boys. 
This is in the city of Manila alone 
— not the entire nation! In 
Thailand there are 800,000 pros- 
titutes from 12 to 16 years old. 

This type of child seems to be 
bypassed continually by all efforts 
— relief, evangelism, discipleship, 
and church planting. These children 
are expensive to work with, lack 
the appeal needed for a sponsor- 
ship-type program, and certainly do 
not make good church members. 

God calls the church to reach 
these needy children 

The word of God clearly teaches 
that we, the church, should reach 
everyone with the gospel, whether 
poor or rich, of whatever race or 
level of society, regardless of 
ethnic background or age, old or 
young! Paul said to the church at 
Colosse: ". . . Christ in you, the 
hope of glory. . . .We proclaim Him, 
admonishing every man [which in- 
cludes street children] and teach- 
ing every man [the ten-year-old 
child prostitute of Manila, Bankok, 
or Bogota] with all wisdom, that 
we may present every man [all street 
and underprivileged children] com- 
plete in Christ" (Col. l:27b-28, 
nasb). Should not this be the pur- 
pose of each local church and of 
every Christian? 

Of course, not every child (or 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"If 100 Boeing 747 planes carrying 400 people each crashed every 
day, the governments of the world would take action, but an equal 
number of deaths occur daily amongst children throughout the 
world but there is little comment!" 

adult) will accept the gospel mes- 
sage. But it is our responsibility 
and privilege to declare the Good 
News to all. Usually, without care 
for physical needs, there can be no 
opportunity for street children. 
They are starving for bread — 
physical and spiritual. 

Paul continues: "And for this pur- 
pose also I labor, striving accord- 
ing to His power, which mightily 
works within me" (Col. 1:29, NASB). 

Everyone's help is needed 

What if every evangelical or- 
ganization, especially in Asia, 
Africa, and Latin America, would 
make bold plans to "labor in God's 
power" to reach the millions of un- 
derprivileged street children? How 
wonderful this would be! The need 
is so great that all major evangeli- 
cal denominations and all evan- 
gelical missions need to help. 

Each church, denomination, and 
mission should begin to target un- 
derprivileged and street children 
for major ministry. Missions (and 
churches) could challenge mis- 
sionaries in their ranks — the 
young and the old, the inexper- 
ienced and the more experienced 
— to devote a large portion of their 
ministry to long-range involve- 
ment in evangelism and disciple- 
ship of street children, especially 
children ages 6 to 19. 

We should not, however, relegate 
this herculean ministry to individ- 
ual Christians and missionaries who 
have a "natural affinity" for chil- 
dren. Let church and mission lead- 
ers aggressively "pray and plan" as 
a team and not shove it off on a 
few "children's workers." 

We should devote a large portion 
of leadership, strategy, planning, 
and prayer to reaching the follow- 

• the 1,900,000 underprivileged and 
street children of Mexico City, in- 
cluding 240,000 who are aban- 

• the 14 million underprivileged 

June 1993 

children under the age of five who 
die each year from infection and 
• the 50,000 to 70,000 children on 
the streets of Manila 

• the 15,000 child prostitutes of 

• the 5,000 to 8,000 street children 
of Bogota, Colombia 

• the 7 million children worldwide 
who are refugees of famine and 

• the 150 million underprivileged 
children who are working in 
"slave-type" labor in extremely 
unsafe and unhealthy conditions 

• the 12 million homeless children 
fighting to survive on the streets 
of Brazil 

• the 50 percent of Mexico City's 
over 20 million who are under the 
age of 14 

• the estimated 800,000 girls, ages 
12 to 16, involved in prostitution 
in Thailand 

• the 100,000 children in slave-type 
work throughout India between 
31/2 and 15 years of age 

• the estimated 500,000 teen-age 
prostitutes in Brazil 

• the 40,000 children under the age 
of 5 who die daily in the developing 

At the Convention on the Rights 
of the Child convened in 1991 at 
the United Nations, one repre- 

sentative observed, "If 100 Boeing 
747 planes carrying 400 people 
each crashed every day, the 
governments of the world would 
take action, but an equal number 
of deaths occur daily amongst chil- 
dren throughout the world but there 
is little comment!" 

Evangelism of street children 
is important 

PULSE magazine carried an in- 
terview with Mr. Don Miller of 
Compassion International entitled, 
"Children — One of the World's 
Most Forgotten Peoples?" It began 
by insisting that despite all the 
current missions emphasis on 
peoples, one of the world's most 
significant groups — children — 
has been neglected. 

Why is child evangelism "among 
the smaller half of the world" so 
important? Mr. Miller gave four 
basic reasons: 

First: Scriptural. God said of 
the Ten Commandments, "Impress 
them on your children" (cf. Deut. 
6:7). Ministry to children is central 
to the Ten Commandments. 

Second: Statistical. Child evan- 
gelism is important because the 
bulk of the world's population is 

Third: Sociological. Children 
play important roles in society, 
positively as well as negatively. 
World Vision estimates that there 
are at least 40 million children on 
the streets of Latin America. The 
majority of them are becoming a 
plague to society and must be 
reached with the gospel. 

Fourth: Strategic. That is, by 
reaching children, we can reach 
the whole society. Mr. Miller 
added something especially impor- 
tant for all in ministry to remem- 
ber: "... but the point is, by reach- 
ing children, you can reach the 
whole society. Now that's a fact to 
be aware of, but the reason I lay it 
down is because I think we ought 
to minister to children because 

"What if every evangelical organization, especially in Asia, Africa, 
and Latin America, would make bold plans to "labor in God's 
power" to reach the millions of underprivileged street children? 
How wonderful this would be!" 

they are worthy of ministry, rather 
than to look at children as a 
vehicle to get to somebody else. 
That's a little manipulative. What 
I like to think is that we can do 
both in a single ministry. We can 
minister to children because they 
are worthy of ministry, and a 
natural fallout that we will rejoice 
in is that they will have an in- 
fluence in the rest of their society." 

Effective ways to reach 
street children 

Yes, children are worthy of min- 
istry. Let's reach them with the 
Good News of Christ. The gospel is 
for these children of the streets, 
children whom the world calls "no- 
bodies, rats, the scum of society." 
Following are a few suggestions of 
proven, effective ways: 

1. Street evangelism, especial- 
ly in the late evenings and through- 
out the night, is an excellent way 
to reach children on the streets. 
Each major city such as Sao Paulo, 
Manila, Bogota, Calcutta, and 
Mexico City should have teams 
working out of vans throughout 
the city, ministering the gospel 
and loving care to children. 

2. Hold evangelistic camps for 
underprivileged and street chil- 
dren in cooperation with local evan- 
gelical churches. Train church mem- 
bers to be counselors and to assist 
with the follow up of street chil- 
dren in their area. 

3. Open rescue and disciple- 
ship homes especially for older 
street children who have trusted 
Christ and who want to change. 

4. Care for the younger children 
until their parents can be found, or 
they are placed in foster homes or 
adopted. Each major city should 
have several temporary homes, 
especially for younger children 
who have been abandoned or sim- 
ply lost. 

5. Establish discipleship and 
vocational training centers for 
older children, 15 and above, who 

have trusted Christ. These should 
be live-in centers in which adoles- 
cents will be discipled and taught 
reading, math, writing, and voca- 

tional skills such as welding, car- 
pentry, mechanics, and sewing. 
Then find jobs and a local church 
for them. 

The church can do it! 

The church must trust the Lord 
for many more missionaries to 
devote long-term ministry to the 
neglected millions of children of 
the street, to work with church- 
planting teams among the masses 
of the poor. The goal of our Savior 
is for all to know Him. "The Lord 
is . . . not willing that any should 
perish, but that all should come 
to repentance" (2 Pet. 3:9, KJV, 
emphasis added.). Let's not reach 
just a few children; let's reach all 
of them! Where are God's people 
who will take up the gauntlet in 
this way with the challenge, "Our 
plans should be so big that if they 
fail, only we get the blame, but if 
they succeed, only God gets the 
glory." Let's reach the 100 million 
street children of the world for 
God's glory! [|] 

What Can You do for 
Street Children? 

1. Pray for them. Pray specif- 
ically that God will raise up Chris- 
tian workers around the world 
who will minister to the physical 
and spiritual needs of these 
abandoned and outcast children. 

2. Support Brethren missions 
both financially and by your 
prayers. In addition to the 
general attempts by Brethren 
missionaries to reach out to all 
segments of society, two kinder- 
gartens in Malaysia, orphanages 
for both boys and girls in India, 
and a typewriting school in India 
are programs aimed specifically 
at children. The greater our sup- 
port, the more Brethren mis- 
sionaries are able to accomplish. 

3. If you are a W.M.S. mem- 
ber, give generously to your 
National Project, which is for 
the girls' orphanage in India. 

4. Provide support for a child 
overseas on a monthly basis. 
The Missionary Board has a 
program through which you can 
support a child in one of the 
orphanages in India for $21 per 
month. Compassion International 
and World Vision are other Chris- 
tian agencies through which you 
can provide monthly support for 

a specific child. 

5. Consider whether God is 
calling you to minister to street 
children in one of the nations of 
the world, either on a short-term 
or on a longer-term basis. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

How to be Angry 
Without Sinning 

behind his pulpit, the pastor 
told us, "The only way to "be angry 
and sin not' is never to become 
angry at all." He paused for em- 
phasis and continued, "Being 
angry is a sin in itself." 

His statements made me begin 
to wonder. If Paul wanted us to 
know that we should never become 
angry at all, why didn't he say so 
straight out? Why did he beat 
around the bush in Ephesians 
4:26-27 if he really meant that all 
anger is forbidden? 

What does the New Testament say? 

With these questions in mind, I 
began to study all the verses in the 
New Testament that mention anger. 
The first thing I discovered is that 
Paul does tell us never to become 
angry. In fact, Paul not only says 
that we should put away anger, 
but also that anger should never 
be found in God's people (Ephesians 
4:31, Colossians 3:8, 2 Corinthians 
12:20). If we look only at these 
Scriptures, it is easy to see why 
many Christians try to suppress 
anger completely. 

But there are also verses that 

Mrs. Peres is a free-lance writer and 
a pastor's wife. She lives in Duluth, 

June 1993 

seem to look at anger from a dif- 
ferent perspective. For instance, 
Mark records an instance when 
Jesus was angry. Mark 3:5 says, 
"He looked around at them in 
anger ..." (Niv). Since we know 
that Jesus never sinned, this proves 
that anger is not a sin. The ques- 
tion is, how can Paul's statements 
be reconciled with Jesus' example? 

The key is found in the fact that 
all of the purely negative state- 
ments about anger use the Greek 
word thumos, which refers to only 
one type of anger: the impulsive, 
turbulent, temper tantrum. When 
I learned this, I was surprised. I 
had always thought that my door- 
slamming, shouting fits of temper 
weren't too bad because they were 
soon over. Instead, thumos is the 
only anger totally condemned as a 
work of the flesh (Galatians 5:20). 

Jesus' anger in Mark is orge, a 
more settled, deliberate anger 
than thumos. It is orge of which 
Paul is speaking in Ephesians 4:26 
when he instructs us to "be angry 
and sin not." While "be angry" is 
not imperative — that is, it does 
not command us to get steamed up 
— it is certainly permissive. Paul's 
moderate attitude toward orge is 
seconded by James, when he ad- 
vises Jewish Christians to be "slow 
to wrath [orge]" (James 1:19), rath- 
er than counseling them never to 
become wrathful at all. We can 
conclude, then, that a settled, 
deliberate anger is acceptable to 
God when kept within certain 

What are the limits? 

Both Paul and James go on to 
inform us what these limits are. 
Paul's complete statement in Ephe- 

By Patricia K. Peres 

sians 4:26, 27, says, "Be ye angry, 
and sin not: let not the sun go 
down upon your wrath: neither 
give place to the devil" (KJV). This 
sentence not only lays down the 
basic principle that it is not neces- 
sarily wrong to be angry; it also 
points out the two most likely pos- 
sibilities for sinning when angry: 
harboring a grudge and giving the 
devil a stage on which to act. 

When considering these two 
problem areas in more detail, I 
noticed that the "wrath" on which 
we aren't supposed to let the sun 
go down is a translation for yet 
another Greek word, which means 
"the provocation of anger." In other 
words, Paul is advising us not to 
allow ourselves to continue to be 
"provoked" — irritated, exasperated, 
or bitter. 

To whom will you "give place"? 

In addition to being wrong in 
itself, this vengeful spirit could 
deceive a Christian into permitting 
the devil to maneuver freely in his 
life. Possible results of such satanic 
action can be found later in this 
passage (Ephesians 4:31) and in 
Colossians 3:8. In these similar 
verses, Paul forbids even orge if it 
is accompanied by bitterness, 
quarreling, slander, malice, filthy 
language, or any other evil. On the 
other hand, if a Christian will 
refuse to "give place to the devil" 
and instead will "give place unto 
[God's] wrath," he will, sooner or 
later, see justice carried out in the 
situation (Romans 12:19). 

James gives us his limitations on 
anger in James 1:19, 20, where he 
tells us to be "slow to wrath: for 
the wrath of man works not the 
righteousness of God." A quick- 

tempered person might be helped 
by learning that James chose a 
word for "slow" that means mental 
slowness. Maybe Gomer Pyle, the 
TV character, was being scriptural 
when he was too dumb to know 
that his sergeant was insulting 

James also tells us that we 
might as well be slow to anger, 
since anger doesn't result in any 
positive good anyway. Human 
wrath does not achieve the right- 
eousness of God. So even though 
James doesn't condemn anger, 
neither does he endorse it as a 
practical way to overcome evil or 

What can we conclude? 

In sum, then, we have seen that 
anger is acceptable to God only if: 
(1) it is settled and deliberate, not 
a temper tantrum; (2) it is slow to 
arise and quick to subside; and (3) 
it doesn't lead into such sins as 
quarreling, slander, filthy lan- 
guage, or malice. 

With so many limitations placed 
on anger, it is a tricky task to ex- 
press it correctly. Matthew 18:15 
tells us that if a brother sins 
against us (giving us cause for 
anger), we are to go to that person 

"James also tells us that 
we might as well be 
slow to anger, since 
anger doesn't result in 
any positive good 
anyway. Human wrath 
does not achieve the 
righteousness of God." 

and "tell him his fault between 
thee and him alone." Considering 
the prohibitions examined above, 
we seem to be left with only one 
legitimate method of doing this: a 
simple statement of what is wrong. 
We can see this principle at work 

in Jesus' experience at the cleansing 
of the temple. When he gave ver- 
bal expression to his anger, he 
simply said, "Take these things 
hence; make not my Father's house 
a house of merchandise" (John 
2:16, KJV). He didn't quarrel, he 
didn't call people names or swear, 
and certainly he felt no malice 
toward the individuals themselves. 

In the Sermon on the Mount, the 
subject is approached from the 
other side. In Matthew 5:22-25 we 
are told that whoever is angry 
with his brother is in danger of 
being judged. Therefore, if our 
brother has anything against us, 
we should be reconciled to him, 
rescuing him from this danger. 

Thus these two Scriptures have 
us thoroughly boxed in. Whether I 
am the one who is angry or the one 
with whom someone else is angry, 
/ am the one who is supposed to 
take the initiative in order to bring 
about reconciliation. 

What if he will not hear me? 

This reconciliation, this gaining 
of my brother, is the expressed 
purpose of both passages. But 
what if "he will not hear" me, as 
Matthew 18:16 says? If he is the 
one who is angry, then the situa- 
tion is covered by Matthew 5, 
which gives no further instruc- 
tions. I have done what I could: the 
break in fellowship is on his side. 

But if I am the one who is still 
angry, Matthew 18 gives me two 
options. Either I can call in two or 
three brothers to help us find an 
understanding (v. 16), or I can 
bring peace by forgiving the wrong 
done me (vv. 21-35). Colossians 
3:13 counsels this last option: "For- 
bearing one another, and forgiving 
one another, if any . . . have a 
quarrel against any: even as 
Christ forgave you, so also do ye" 

The biggest stumbling block in 
the way of either choice is pride. 
Proverbs 13:10 tells us, "Pride only 

breeds quarrels ..." (NFS), and it is 
this pride that keeps us from going 
to another person to work out a 
peaceful solution or from simply 
dropping the matter by allowing 

"Whether I am the one 
who is angry or the one 
with whom someone 
else is angry, I am the 
one who is supposed to 
take the initiative in 
order to bring about 
reconciliation. " 

ourselves to be wronged. Neverthe- 
less, I must follow one of these two 
options — humbling though they 
may be — if I am to please God. 

What about non-Christians? 

But how should a Christian react 
if he is angry with a non-Chris- 
tian? Do the principles we have 
been considering still apply? 

Looking again at the instruc- 
tions in Ephesians 4 and James 1, 
which give us the limitations on 
acceptable anger, it is easy to see 
that they are clearly intended for 
any instance of anger in a Chris- 
tian. But since both passages in 
Matthew concerning reconciliation 
speak specifically about problems 
between "brothers" (fellow Chris- 
tians), they probably should not be 
used in cases concerning unbeliev- 
ers unless the Holy Spirit directs 
that way in a particular situation. 

Of course, the Holy Spirit's help 
is also essential in any instance of 
anger, in order to enable us to 
keep from sinning. The Scriptures 
mentioned in this article inform us 
how to avoid sinful anger, but it is 
only by the aid of the Holy Spirit 
that we will be able to live up to 
these instructions. Then, as dif- 
ficult as it may be, we Christians 
will find it possible to be angry 
without sinning. [|] 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Are You Caught in a Trap? 

By Carl W. Yoder, Jr. 

Then they will come to their senses 
and escape from Satan's trap of slav- 
ery to sin which he uses to catch them 
whenever he likes, and then they can 
begin doing the will of God. 

2 Timothy 2:26, TLB 

ONE of the most difficult animals 
to catch is the ring-tailed mon- 
key in Africa. These monkeys are ex- 
tremely shy and very agile. Members 
of the Zulu tribe, however, have no 
real difficulty catching them. There 
secret is that they use the monkeys' 
natural greed against them. 

The Zulus don't use steel or wood- 
en traps, for the monkeys are much 
too cautious to go near them. Their 
trap is nothing more than a melon, 
the monkeys' favorite food. What 
the monkeys enjoy most about these 
melons are their delicious seeds. 

The Zulus find a melon that is 
firmly attached to its strong vine. 
They cut a hole in the melon just big 
enough for the monkey to insert its 
hand. The monkey reaches in and 
grabs a handful of seeds. But it can't 
remove its hand because the hole 
isn't large enough to allow the 
clenched fist to come out. 

Trapped by its own greed 

Well, all the monkey has to do is 
open its hand and drop the seeds, 
right? Right, but the monkey won't 
do this because it wants the seeds. 
As much as it pulls and yells to get 
free, it won't open its hand and let 
go of the seeds. The Zulus come and 
catch the monkey by simply cutting 
it free from the melon. 

Now you might say, "That's pretty 
stupid of the monkey." Yes, it is. But 
there are many people, believers and 
non-believers alike, who are holding 
on to things of this world that they 
don't want to let go of. Satan has 

Rev. Yoder is pastor of the Valley 
Brethren Church, Jones Mills, Pa. This 
article first appeared in the Valley 
Church newsletter and is used here 
with Rev. Yoder's permission. 

June 1993 

them trapped, and they have lost 
their freedom. Satan knows exactly 
what things of the world we want to 
hold on to, and he places them at 
our disposal and keeps tempting us 
with them, hoping we will latch on 
to them and won't let go. 

A crucial warning 

John warns us in his first epistle, 
"Do not love the world, nor the things 
in the world. If any one loves the 
world, the love of the Father is not 
in him" (1 John 2:15, NASB). When 
John tells us not to love the world, 
he's not referring to the natural 
world, but to the world's system. 

What is the world's system? John 
explains in the next verse. He says, 
"For all that is in the world, the lust 
of the flesh and the lust of the eyes 
and the boastful pride of life, is not 
from the Father, but is from the 
world." It's these things from Satan 
that people don't want to let go of in 
order to become free through Christ. 

The "lust of the flesh" is sensual- 
ity. It is the "If it feels good, do it" 
mentality. Many fall for this trap and 
are enslaved to drugs, alcohol, and 
all kinds of sexual perversion. 

The "lust of the eyes" is material- 
ism. Let's face it, we live in a very 
materialistic society. Many people 
need to surround themselves with 
things or possessions in order to 
find fulfillment in their lives. The 
problem with possessions is that 
their novelty soon wears off, and 
people need more and better things 
to make them happy. 

The "boastful pride of life" is 
often the result of a person's wealth 
and prestige, making that person in- 
dependent of others — and of God 
in particular. Such people have a 
tendency to think more highly of 
themselves than they ought to think. 
They have their own plans and don't 
need anyone, especially God, trying 
to change those plans. 

Are you caught in a trap? Is there 
something of the world that you are 

afraid to let go of? As a Christian, 
have you told Jesus, "Here is my life; 
take it all, except this one thing; I'll 
handle this"? Is Jesus Lord of all 
your life, or of just a part? 

Unlike the trapped monkey, which 
will be well-cared for by a host of 
people, who will feed it and allow it 
to roam, those caught in Satan's 
traps are in bondage to him. And he 
doesn't care at all about you. 

Satan is out to keep people blind- 
ed to the truth of God's word. What 
is that truth? (1) That all have 
sinned (Rom. 3:23); (2) that the 
wages of sin is death (Rom. 6:23); (3) 
that after death comes the judgment 
(Heb. 9:27); (4) that the free gift of 
God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our 
Lord (Rom. 6:23). 

Let go of the world 

To the unbeliever I say that you 
can be set free forever from the 
bondage of sin and from Satan's 
trap by simply letting go of the 
world and by receiving what God 
says. Then commit your total life to 
Him. When you come to know Jesus, 
you'll come to know the Truth, "and 
the truth will set you free" (Jn. 8:32). 

As believers, we can also remain 
free of the traps that Satan keeps set- 
ting for us. Paul says, "It was for 
freedom that Christ set us free; 
therefore keep standing firm and do 
not be subject again to a yoke of slav- 
ery" (Gal. 5:1, NASB, emphasis added). 

To stand firm we have to quit 
"monkeying" around with anything 
that will keep us from giving our 
whole selves to Christ. The reason 
many Christians begin to doubt their 
salvation is that they are trying to 
serve "God and mammon." They 
still latch on to worldly things once 
in awhile, then they feel guilty. 

What is there that you don't want 
to let go of that is keeping you from 
becoming all that God desires you to 
be? Let go and let God have it! 
Resist Satan and he will flee from 

you! [f] 

Readers 9 Forum 

A column in -which readers can share their thoughts and views with the Brethren. 

Violence in the Name of Religion 

IN PAST WEEKS, along with 
reports of the stand off in Waco, 
Texas,* and the arrests of suspects in 
connection with the bombing of the 
World Trade Center in New York, 
came the disturbing news of the mur- 
der of a Florida abortion doctor by an 
anti-abortion activist. 

I expected an outright condemna- 
tion of this homicide — yet one more 
act of violence in the name of religion 
— but was very distressed instead by 
the reaction of the national director of 
Rescue America, Don Treshman, who 
quipped, and I quote, "While Gunn's 
death is unfortunate, it's also true 
that quite a number of babies lives 
will be saved" — a declaration that 
came dangerously close to a justifica- 

To top it all, the perpetrator of the 
crime repeatedly asked for his Bible, 
thus further linking his actions to 
religious beliefs. It was one more case 
illustrating how dangerous religion, 
including Christianity, can be when it 
is used to condone, justify, or even 
encourage violence. 

A false Messiah 

It is not hard to condemn the shoot- 
ings in Waco, Texas, and to see the 
violence perpetrated there as a conse- 
quence of a distorted view of Chris- 
tianity by a leader who claims to be 
the Messiah. We have been told by 
the Scriptures to both expect and to 
be wary of such "false prophets," who 
would come as wolves disguised as 
sheep. So it is no surprise, unfor- 
tunately, to see such a group involved 
in violent actions. 

When it comes to the 
bombing of the World 
Trade Center, people 
were quick to blame the 
Islamic religion, since — 
due to ignorance and 
prejudice — they equate 
"Moslem fundamen- 
talism" with terrorism 
and violence. While it is 
true that the concept of 

*This article was written 
before the fire occurred that 
destroyed the Branch 
Davidian cult in Waco. 

holy war is part of the Koran, it is not 
its central teaching. So it is a reduc- 
tionist and unfair view to focus only 
on that aspect of Islam. Nevertheless, 
some acts of violence are justified and 
even praised in the Islamic religion, 
which makes the connection between 
this religion and violent actions 
plausible (though no less condem- 

But in the case of the murder of Dr. 
Gunn, I am afraid that instead of con- 
demning the crime that was com- 
mitted, some, like the head of the 
Rescue America group, are inclined to 
excuse or minimize the wrong of this 
shooting because "It was for the right 
cause," or worse, because "It was only 
just, since he [Gunn] had killed so 
many." To do so, of course, is both 
hypocritical and ironic for a group 
that defends the sanctity of human 
life. It is also tragic, because it dis- 
credits the pro-life position, distorts 
the message of the gospel, and gives a 
bad name to Christianity. 

In the eyes of many, fundamen- 
talist Christians don't look very dif- 
ferent from fundamentalist Moslems 
— they advocate the death penalty, 
favor harsh punishments for 
criminals, and justify killing in times 
of war, as we saw during the war with 
Iraq. The message of forgiveness, of 
salvation, and of reconciliation 
central to the Christian faith is set 
aside in the process, and even made 
an object of mockery when presented 
alongside statements favoring war 
and condoning violence against those 
perceived to be one's enemies. 

Unfortunately, many sincere 

Christians still think that the non- 
violence stance is the appendage of 
the sixties or of liberals. They don't 
realize, as the first Brethren did, that 
it is an inherent part of the message 
of the gospel. A gospel that justifies 
violence is not the gospel of Jesus 
Christ. It is the gospel of the anti- 
christ. No matter how right violence 
seems, it is always wrong, and es- 
pecially so when it is used to force our 
political or social agenda upon others. 

Taking a consistent stand 

It is important that The Brethren 
Church, which has taken a stand 
against abortion, also unequivocally 
condemn any acts of violence per- 
petrated against people seeking, per- 
forming, or advocating abortions. It is 
time for us to realize that the non- 
resistance position of the early 
Brethren is not to be looked on as a 
historic relic of the eighteenth cen- 
tury, but as the normative conduct for 
any Christian church that wants to 
be a faithful herald of the message of 
the gospel. 

Violence is all around us and is on 
the increase, making the temptation 
to fight violence with violence even 
greater. But Christians, both in- 
dividually and as part of a church 
community, must resist this tempta- 
tion. They must hold fast to the teach- 
ings of Jesus in a world bewildered 
and confused by so many who 
proclaim to have the truth and who 
think they have to shout and shoot to 
prove it. [|] 

Chantal Logan 

Bridgewater, Va. 

Pontius' Puddle 


us to follow ma 


THE^EO^ 7 


^ '""' 



The Brethren Evangelist 

General Conference Preview 

1993 General Conference Schedule 

Theme: "Witnesses to the World" (Acts 1 :8) 

August 2-6 at Ashland University, Ashland, Ohio 

Monday, August 2 

6:30 p.m. — Opening Celebration, speaker 
David Bryant 

Tuesday, August 3 

8:30 a.m. — Prayer Workshop led by David Bryant 
11:00 a.m. — Auxiliary Sessions (WMS, BMOM, 

1:30 p.m. — Business Session 
3:15 p.m. — Workshops 
6:30 p.m. — Concert of Prayer led by David 


Wednesday, August 4 

7:15 a.m. — Pastors' Wives' Fellowship/Conti- 
nental Breakfast with Judy Allison 
speaking (reservation required) 

8:30 a.m. — Devotional/Corporate Prayer 

9:00 a.m. — Business Session 
12:00 noon — Women's Luncheon with Susie 

Barr speaking (reservation required) 

12:00 noon — Men's Picnic (reservation required) 
2:30 p.m. — Auxiliary Sessions 
6:30 p.m. — Hymn Sing 
7:00 p.m. — Worship, featuring address by 

Moderator Glenn Grumbling 
9:00 p.m. — Crusader Review 

Thursday, August 5 

8:30 a.m. — Devotional/Corporate Prayer 

9:00 a.m. — Business Session 
12:00 noon — World Relief Soup Luncheon (reser- 
vation requested) 

1:30 p.m. — Auxiliary Sessions 

5:30 p.m. — Missionary Board Banquet (reserva- 
tion required) 

7:00 p.m. — Missionary Board Program 

Friday, August 6 

9:00 a.m. — Business Session 
10:45 a.m. — Challenge by new Moderator Russ 

Conference Speaker David Bryant to Focus on Prayer 

David Bryant, founder and president of Concerts 
of Prayer International, will lead Brethren in an 
emphasis on prayer during this year's General 
Conference. Bryant will address the Conference on 
Monday evening, 
lead a prayer 
workshop on 

Tuesday morning, 
then lead the con- 
ference in a con- 
cert of prayer on 
Tuesday evening. 

Bryant has 
worked with 

movements of 
united prayer 
worldwide for 
more than ten 
years, often con- 
ducting citywide 
united prayer ral- 
lies for spiritual David Bryant 
awakening and world evangelization. He is a mem- 
ber of the National Prayer Committee in the 
United States and works with a number of interna- 
tional evangelical networks committed to prayer 
mobilization and world evangelization. 

He observes, "I believe the Church is on the 
threshold of an unprecedented movement of con- 

certed prayer. It will become, in turn, the sustain- 
ing foundation for a major advance of Christ's 
kingdom among the nations. The time has come. 
Our Father is ready to wake us up together to the 
fullness of Christ in new ways. Then we will trust 
Him in new ways that lead us to love Him and obey 
Him in new ways to fulfill His global cause 
together. Because of this hope we must become a 
seeking people once more." 

Bryant has authored two popular books: In the 
Gap: What It Means to be a World Christian, and 
With Concerts of Prayer: Christians Join for 
Spiritual Awakening and World Evangelization. 
He is also the host of two national radio broadcasts: 
Concert of Prayer Today is heard each weekday 
and National Concert of Prayer airs once a month. 
Both programs seek to unite the nation in prayer 
on a regular basis. 

As executive producer for World Christian Video 
Series and Concert of Prayer Video Series (Gospel 
Light, Inc.), he has brought to the church a unique 
multi-series training curriculum, designed es- 
pecially to equip church and campus leaders in 
mobilizing Christians into the spiritual dynamics 
of world evangelization. 

Bryant holds advanced degrees in both biblical 
studies and trans-cultural communications. He and 
his wife, Robyne, have three adopted children from 

June 1993 


General Conference Preview 

1993 National BYIC Convention 

Theme: Follow the Leader (I John 2:5-6) 
August 2-7 at Ashland University 

The Youth Convention will be held on the Ash- 
land University campus again this year. Though on 
the same campus with the adult Conference, the 
Youth Convention will nevertheless be indepen- 
dent of that Conference. 

The youth will have their own worship services 
Tuesday and Thursday, their own Missions Ban- 
quet Wednesday evening, and Communion Thurs- 
day evening. They will join the adults for worship 
and fellowship Monday evening, worship Wednes- 
day evening, and for the closing worship service 
Friday morning. Adults will have an opportunity to 
join the youth for the Crusader Review. 

Other events on the schedule include the annual 
"Coffeehouse," a concert by Lee Behnken, Recreation/ 
Swimming at the gym, daily Morning Praise and 
Share & Prayer groups, and the Convention closing. 

A pre-Convention Planning Handbook was sent 
out in January and Convention registration infor- 
mation was mailed to advisors and pastors in mid- 
May. All youth attending the Convention must pre- 
register. No walk-in registrations will be accepted 
at the Convention. The last date to register is July 
10, and a discount is available to those whose 
registrations are postmarked before July 1. 

All youth at the Convention must stay on campus 
(men in Kilhefner, women in Myers). There will be 
no commuters. Attendance at all Convention 
events is mandatory. 

The youth registration fee includes four nights of 
housing — Monday through Thursday. Therefore, 
any youth or youth sponsors who will arrive on 
Sunday must register with adult housing for Sun- 
day night. 

Conference Registration Information 

Every person planning to attend Conference must 
complete a registration form (next page) — even if you 
live in Ashland or are not planning to stay on campus! 

General instructions: 

1. Room rates include sheets and towels. Bring your 
own pillow, washcloths, and extra towels if desired. 

2. We must pay for every bed used, but children ac- 
companying their parents may sleep on the floor in their 
parents' room at no charge. No linen will be provided. 
Bring a pad or sleeping bag. Single rooms have floor 
space for only one child, doubles for two, triples for three. 
Register early to assure getting your desired accommoda- 
tions. A limited number of triple rooms are available. 

3. Tickets for meals served in the Ashland University 
cafeteria are usable any day, Tuesday through Friday. 
Order as many as you need for the week. Individual 
meal cost is: breakfast — $3.40, lunch — $4.50, and din- 
ner — $5.60; children under 12 are one-half adult price. 

4. There are no reduced prices for children for the 
Missionary Board banquet. 

5. In addition to the children's program listed on the 
registration form, babysitting for children birth through 
preschool will be provided in the Kem Hall preschool 
rooms. Mrs. Tami Ickes and her staff will care for your 
babies and toddlers at the following times: Monday 6:15 
p.m. to 8:30 p.m.; Tuesday through Friday mornings 8:15 
-noon; Tuesday evening 6:15—9:00; Wednesday afternoon 
12:45-2:00; Wednesday evening 6:45-8:45; and Thurs- 
day evening 5:15-8:30 (during the Missionary Board 
banquet and program; children should eat before they 

Mrs. Kim Howenstine will also have activities for 
children 4 years old thru 6th grade on Tuesday 6:30 p.m. 
to 9:00 p.m. and on Thursday during the Missionary 
Board banquet and program (approximately 5:15 p.m. to 
8:30 p.m.). Children should eat before they arrive. 

Other Information 

Housing — Housing will be in Andrews Hall for 
anyone needing housing Sunday night and Kem Hall 
Monday through Thursday. The housing desk will be 
open Sunday evening from 6:00 until 9:00; Monday from 
10:00 a.m. until 6:00 p.m. and after the evening pro- 
gram; Tuesday through Thursday from 10:00 a.m. until 
noon, from 3:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m., and after the evening 
programs; Friday from 7:30 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. and imme- 
diately after worship to 1:00 p.m. The housing desk will 
be located in the Convocation Center lobby. 

Camping — Ashland County Fairgrounds, 2042 Clare- 
mont Ave., Ashland. No advance reservation is required 
for camping. Available are: water, electric hook-up, 
restrooms and showers. $10.00 per night; pay on arrival. 

Credentials — General Conference delegate creden- 
tials should be submitted in person at the earliest pos- 
sible time to assure orderly seating. Credentials will be 
received in the Convocation Center lobby at the following 
times: Monday 2:00-6:00 p.m. and one-half hour follow- 
ing the evening program; Tuesday through Friday, 8:00- 
8:30 a.m. and one-half hour prior to evening programs. 

Non-Delegate Guests — If you are not a delegate, 
you are still invited to attend Conference. Please com- 
plete a reservation form. Delegates' fees are paid in ad- 
vance by their churches. Non-delegate guests are asked 
to check in at the credential table and pay a nominal fee 
of $10.00, which entitles them to a guest name badge, a 
Conference packet, and use of the university facilities. 

Offerings — Offerings will be received each evening. 
Your generous gift helps to cover Conference costs and 
will be most appreciated. 

Pastors — freely copy this information and the 
registration form as a way to encourage a large delega- 
tion from your church. 

More information about the Conference program 
will be included in the July/August Evangelist. 

Thank you for registering by July 21. See you in August! 


The Brethren Evangelist 

See instructions on previous page. 


"Witnesses to the World" 


1993 General Conference 

Registration Form 

Monday, August 2, through 
Friday, August 6 



Please reserve only one room per form. YOUTH are to 
register through the National BYIC if staying in YOUTH 
DORM. If staying with adults, use this form. NOTE: Reg- 
istration with prepayment by July 21 results in guaranteed 


Ashland University Dormitory 
Floor: Women's restroom 




Prepaid by 
July 21 




Housing costs calculation 

No. nights x rate/night 

x = $ 

Room type: Single 

Triple _ 

Nights staying: S M 


T W 

Key deposits: $10.00/key. At least one key per room needed 
Other preferences: 

Triple 33.00 37.00 

no charge for children not sleeping in a bed 


No. keys x $10.00 - 

Total housing enclosed - $ 

CAMPING: Ashland Fairgrounds 

Water and electric hookups, restrooms, and 
showers. $10.00 per night. Pay on arrival. 

Meal Tickets 

Meals served in University cafeteria; tickets usable any day; order as many as you 
need for the week. 

No. tickets 

Breakfast Adults x $3.40 - $ 

Children under 12 x $1.70 = 

Summary Totals 

Total Housing 

Enclosed = $ 

Total Meals and Ban- 
quets Enclosed - $ 

Total Children's Pro- 

Lunch Adults x $4.50 = $ 

Children under 12 x $2.25 = 

Dinner Adults x $5.60 = $ 

Children under 12 x $2.80 = 

gram Enclosed - $ 

Banquet Reservations 

Reservations for following events are a must due to early deadlines. Tickets 
ordered after July 21 subject to availability. No meal refunds after August 1 . 

Tues. 12:00 noon — World Relief Soup Luncheon (offering will be taken) 

Total Enclosed = $ 

Make checks payable to 

General Conference Housing 

Send to: 

Wed. 7:00 a.m. Pastors' Wives Continental Break- x $2.00 = 

General Conference Housing 

Wed. noon — Women's Luncheon Adults x $6.75 = 

524 College Avenue 
Ashland, OH 44805 

Children under 12 x $4.00 = 


Reg. # 
Date rec. 
Amount rec. 
Check # 

Children under 5 x free 

Wed. noon — Men's Picnic Adults x $5.00 = 

Children under 12 x $3.00 = 

Thurs. eve. — Missionary Board Banquet x $8.75 = 

Total Meals and Banquets Enclosed = $ 

CHILDREN'S PROGRAM (ages 4 years through completed 6th grade): 

Tuesday through Thursday, 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.; Fri., 8:15 a.m. to noon. 
Lunch provided Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday. 

Family Rates 

1 child 

Child's Name 


$1 5.00; 

2 or more children 

Week Day 
$70.00 $24.00 


Completed Days (circle) 

T W Th F 


T W Th F 


T W Th F 


Total for Children's Program 


Mail this form as soon as possible with payment in full (but no later than July 21). 

Send to: General Conference Housing, 524 College Ave., Ashland, OH 44805 

June 1993 


Hope for a Hurting World 

A statement by the National Association of Evangelicals 

OUR WORLD is hurting. It has 
been hurting since the day 
humanity alienated itself from its 
Creator through sin. Drought and 
famine, catastrophe and disaster, 
sickness and plague, war and 
strife, oppression and discrimina- 
tion have haunted humankind 
ever since. And, although in our 
century, enormous advances have 
been made in science and technol- 
ogy, industry and productivity, 
communication and transporta- 
tion, medicine and vaccines, the 
earth is still strewn with victims of 
society's growing violence, even 
the horror of violence against the 

Testimonies to God's mercy 

Fortunately, God has not left us 
without testimony to His mercy 
and grace in the lives of those 
Christians who share themselves, 
their time and substance, to help 
life's victims and the needy. For 
them, we give thanks to God. 

Nonetheless, pain continues as a 
stark reality, even in our rich and 
favored land: The homeless in 
their despair, the unemployed in 
their defeat, broken families in 
their distress, minorities in their 
sense of alienation, ghetto dwellers 
in their plight, refugees in their 
loneliness, AIDS victims in their 
suffering, criminals in their hatred, 
and prisoners in their isolation. 

For others, the hurt is some- 
times concealed behind brave 

*This statement was adopted as a 
position paper by delegates to the 51st 
annual convention of the National As- 
sociation of Evangelicals (NAE), held 
March 7-9, 1993, in Orlando, Fla. The 
position paper reflected the convention 
theme, "Hope for a Hurting World. " 

The Brethren Church is a denomina- 
tional member of NAE, and some local 
Brethren congregations and Brethren 
individuals also hold membership in 
the Association. 


fagades: The grief of broken 
careers, unfulfilled aspirations and 
humiliating disappointments, the 
misery of unresolved guilt and 
abasing shame, the chronic 
wounds of unrequited love and 
depressing loneliness, the gnawing 
ache of personal worthlessness and 
life's emptiness, and the trauma of 
meaninglessness and despondency 
of hopelessness. 

Perhaps the most disturbing 
hurt of all is the tragic waste of 
children, victimized by emotional, 
physical, and sexual abuse in their 
homes and communities, im- 
poverished in hostile ghettos and 
duped into drug addiction by un- 
scrupulous dealers, poisoned with 
gang mentality and viciousness, 
polluted with and victimized by 
pornography, deprived of their 
moral, spiritual, and intellectual 
development by irreligious families 
and ineffective, secularized schools. 

God has not abandoned His world 

In the midst of such hurt and 
pain, the National Association of 
Evangelicals (NAE) affirms that 
God has not abandoned His fallen 
world nor left it without hope. 
Jesus Christ is our hope! "God was 
in Christ reconciling the world unto 
himself" (2 Cor. 5:19). It is the 
good news of Jesus Christ, Savior 
and Lord, the hope of the world, to 
which we bear our witness. 

We believe that the church of 
Christ provides the only means of 
bringing a lasting hope to our 
hurting world. When our churches 
have ignored those who are in 
need and have focused on their 
own well-being, we confess that we 
have denied the hope given to us. 
Where we have failed to touch our 
hurting world in Jesus' name, we 
repent of our indifference and in- 
sensitivity. We pledge to renew our 
commitment to God, to each other, 
and to those in need so that our 
churches will serve as effective 

channels of hope to distressed and 
suffering people. 

We must follow Jesus' example 

In bringing hope to a hurting 
world, we must follow the example 
of Jesus, who fed the hungry, 
healed the sick, cared for children, 
and reached out to the poor and 
neglected of His day. To do other- 
wise would deny the very faith 
that motivates us to share the good 
news of salvation. As the apostle 
James stated, "Faith, not accom- 
panied by action, is dead" (James 

Therefore, in Jesus' name we 
must share with victims of dis- 
aster, provide for the needs of the 
poor, address the causes of pover- 
ty, support the unemployed, and 
show compassion to those whose 
hearts ache and whose lives are 
burdensome. Because Jesus loves 
us, we must reach out to the vic- 
tims of crime and oppression, 
racial discrimination and injustice, 
child neglect and abuse. Because 
God commands us to do so, we 
must help care for the sick, the 
handicapped, disabled, and the 

Therefore, we give thanks to God 
for all He has given to us and com- 
mit ourselves to bringing even 
more spiritual and physical re- 
sources to our hurting world in the 
name of our Savior and Lord, 
Jesus Christ, our eternal hope and 
the hope of the world. [f] 

The Brethren Evangelist 



The Last Supper. Clockwise from top center: Rev. Fred Miller (in the role of Jesus), Ralph Kiser, Daniel Raynes, David 
Fitzsimons, Nathan Good, Eddie Ettinger, Reggie Smith, Roland McDonald, David Huffman, Leon Shank, David Armstrong, 
Tom Hinkle, and Whit Kemper. Photo by Barbara Roderick 

Overflow Crowds Pack Mt. Olive Brethren Church 
To See Musical Drama of Events from the Life of Jesus 

Pineville, Va. — A combined total of approximately 600 
people crowded into the Mt. Olive Brethren Church build- 
ing on Palm Sunday for the two presentations of "Sacri- 
fice of Glory," a musical drama of events from the life of 
Jesus, including the feeding of the multitude, the Last 
Supper, the Garden of Gethsemane, the crucifixion, and 
the resurrection. 

Even though as many people as possible squeezed into 
the church sanctuary and balcony (capacity approximate- 
ly 200), some had to view the production on closed-circuit 
television in the church social hall. Despite the crowded 
conditions in the sanctuary, no one seemed to mind as 
they watched, listened, and even wept as the Easter story 

The Senior Choir and approximately 40 "actors" and 
"actresses" from the Mt. Olive congregation combined 
their efforts to put on the production, which was written 
by Dave Clark and Russell Mauldin. The role of Jesus was 
portrayed by Rev. Fred Miller, pastor of the congregation. 

The choir, directed by Henry Lineweaver, and the drama 
unit, headed by Lois Johnson, began work on the produc- 
tion in early January. Numerous other people contributed 
their time and talents in making the sets, changing props, 
and devising and operating the intricate lighting system 
for the production. 

This was the first time that the Mt. Olive Church had 
attempted anything of this magnitude. The crowds who 
attended the performances and the positive feedback from 
those who came confirmed to the church that it was time 
and effort well-spent. A strong witness for Christ was 
made to the community. An angel (Sherrie Hussey) ministers to Christ (Rev. Fred Miller) 

— reported by Odessa Shelton, moderator in the Garden of Gethsemane. Photo by Carol Seekford 

June 1993 15 


Southeastern District Brethren Gather for 
Worship and Fellowship at Celebration VIII 

Maurertown, Va. — Brethren of the 
Southeastern District gathered on Sun- 
day evening, March 28, at the Maurer- 
town Brethren Church for Celebration 
VIII, the annual district gathering for 
worship and fellowship. 

This year's celebration, like those of 
the past, was planned by the district 
pastors and included special presenta- 
tions by members of several of the dis- 
trict churches. Rev. Doc Shank, pastor 
of the Liberty Brethren Church, served 
as master of ceremonies, and Maurer- 
town pastor Rev. Richard Craver led sing- 
ing. Ginny Haddock of the St. James 
Church played the organ for the service 
and Deanna Benshoff of the Hagers- 
town Church played piano for the con- 
gregational singing. 

Special music included a clarinet solo 
by Alicia Clark of the St. Luke Church; 
a vocal solo by Ron Miller of the Linwood 
Church; two selections by the Maurer- 
town Church choir under the direction 
of Maxine Craver; two vocal numbers by 
Joyce Perry from the Waterbrook Church; 
a medley by a brass ensemble from the 
St. James Church; three selections by a 
men's chorus from the St. James Church; 
and a solo by Dr. Harold Barnett, pastor 
of the Mathias Church of the Brethren. 
Dickie Helsley of the Waterbrook 
Church presented a skit. 

A surprise presentation was made to 
Rev. Doc and Jean Shank in apprecia- 

tion for their many years of faithful serv- 
ice to the Southeastern District. Rev. 
Brian Moore gave each of the two a 
plaque, and Rev. Pat Velanzon gave Doc 
a big bunch of bananas to remind him of 

(2nd from 
r.) makes 
a special 
Rev. Doc 
and Jean 
(I.), while 
(far r.) 
looks on. 

his time in Africa as a Brethren mission- 
ary. All the district pastors then donned 
cardigan sweaters in the "Doc Shank" 
style. The Shanks have served in the 
Southeastern District for more than 20 
years, and Doc still pastors the Liberty 
Church two Sundays a month. He is in 
his 48th year of service as a pastor, 
including his years in Nigeria. 

In addition to receiving a plaque, Rev. 

Shank also handed out some plaques as 
well — one to the Maurertown Church 
for providing it facilities throughout the 
years for this event; and a second to the 
Maurertown W.M.S. for providing the 
refreshments each year. 

Ironically, this year the youth of the 
district (primarily the Maurertown and 
St. James youth) provided the "refresh- 
ments" in the form of a spaghetti dinner 

held just prior to the celebration. A 
freewill offering in the amount of $500 
was received at the meal, which will be 
used to sponsor summer camp coun- 
selors and helpers. An offering of $325 
was also received during the celebration 
to help youth who want to attend camp 
but who need financial help. 

— reported by Kathy Velanzon 
and Rev. Doc Shank 

15 Brethren Receive Degrees 
From Ashland University 

Ashland, Ohio — Fifteen Brethren were 
among the 1,230 students who received 
degrees May 8 from Ashland University. 

Dr. Walter B. Waetjen, AU's interim 
president for the past year, gave the com- 
mencement address. In the address, Dr. 
Waetjen, who served for more than 40 
years in large, public-supported institu- 
tions, said that he found it "refreshing" 
that Ashland provides its students with 
opportunities to develop spiritually. 

The following Brethren students re- 
ceived the Bachelor of Arts degree: 

Eric J. Bargerhuff, member of the 
Mexico, Ind., First Brethren Church, 
religion major, magna cum laude. 

Sally A. Conrad, friend of the Ashland 
Park Street Brethren Church, applied 
music/music theory major, cum laude. 

Philip S. Courtright, friend of the 
Ashland Park Street Brethren Church, 
political science/economics major. 

Becki L. Fulmer (Mishawaka, Ind.), 
member of the Ashland Park Street 
Brethren Church, sociology/religion 

Michelle K. Geaslen, member of the 
Fremont, Ohio, Brethren Church, 
fashion merchandising major. 

Kimberly J. Miller, member of the 
Sarasota, Fla., First Brethren Church, 
psychology/sociology major. 

Richard L. Rader, friend of the Uni- 
versity Church in Ashland, music theory 

Todd L. Roblin, member of the Ash- 
land Park Street Brethren Church, his- 
tory major. 

J. Nathan Shultz, member of the Ash- 
land Park Street Brethren Church, 
business administration major, cum 
laude; son of Brethren elder Dr. and 
Mrs. John Shultz. 

Receiving other degrees were: 

Linda C. Ebert, member of the Ash- 
land Park Street Brethren Church, Bach- 
elor of Music degree with a music educa- 
tion major. 

Tiffany A. Flickinger, member of the 
Lanark, 111., First Brethren Church, 
Bachelor of Science in Social Work de- 
gree with a major in social work, magna 
cum laude. 

Jeffrey D. Gilmer, member of the Ash- 
land Park Street Brethren Church, Bach- 
elor of Science in Business Administra- 
tion degree with a computer informa- 
tion systems major; son of Brethren pas- 
tor Dr. and Mrs. Arden Gilmer. 

Jeffrey S. Paull, member of the 
Smithville Brethren Church, Bachelor 
of Science degree with a comprehensive 
science major. 

Paul T. Sluss, member of the Roan- 
oke, Ind., First Brethren Church, Bach- 
elor of Science in Education degree with 
an elementary education major, cum 
laude; son of Brethren pastor Rev. and 
Mrs. James Sluss. 

Jennifer E. Thomas, member of the 
Ashland Park Street Brethren Church, 
Bachelor of Science in Education degree 
with a major in education of the hand- 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Special Services at Masontown Feature 
Pastors From Nearby Brethren Churches 

Masontown, Pa. — "It's Time to Reach 
Out" was the theme of special "Breth- 
ren style" spring services held April 25 
through May 2 at the Masontown 
Brethren Church. 

The theme emphasized the importance 
of reaching out to the lost in the com- 
munity. The nightly services featured 
pastors of nearby Brethren churches. 

Rev. Russell King, pastor of the Ma- 
sontown Church, kicked off the event by 
bringing the message on Sunday eve- 
ning (April 25). Rev. Bill Yoder, pastor 
of the Valley (Jones Mills) Brethren 
Church, was the Monday evening speak- 
er; Pastor Bruce Foster of the Highland 
(Marianna) Brethren Church spoke 
Tuesday evening; a worship team from 
the Mount Pleasant Brethren Church 
headed by Pastor David Morrison led 
the Wednesday evening service; Rev. 
Stanley Waybright of the White Dale 
(Terra Alta, W.Va.) Brethren Church 
was featured Thursday evening; and 

Pastor Ralph John of the Cameron 
(W.Va) and Quiet Dell (Aleppo, Pa.) 
Brethren Churches spoke on Friday. 

Rev. James R. Black, Executive 
Director of the Missionary Board of the 
Brethren Church, was the guest speak- 
er on Sunday morning. He spoke on the 
subject "Reaching Out in Missions." 

Special music for the week of services 
was provided by local talent, the Mason- 
town Brethren Church choir, Rev. Bill 
Yoder, Jody Majesky of the Highland 
Brethren Church, and the Waybrights. 
The Cameron Brethren Church youth 
puppet team also made a presentation. 

Fellowship time followed each eve- 
ning service, and a carry-in meal was 
enjoyed on Sunday. An average of 35 
people attended the services. 

According to Masontown Pastor Russ 

King, "This was a great way to meet 

other Brethren pastors and to enjoy the 

special ministries from other churches." 

— reported by Pastor Russell King 

Garden of Gethsemane scene. Left to right, Dave Schrecengost, Rick Iverson, 
Greg Smith (as Jesus), John Gourley, and John Winters. 

Pleasant View Palm Sunday Services Feature 
Drama Written and Performed by Local Men 

Vander grift, Pa. — The morning wor- 
ship services on Palm Sunday at the 
Pleasant View Brethren Church fea- 
tured a drama written and performed 
by men of the congregation. 

Entitled "Footsteps of Betrayal," the 
drama, written by Dan Zigler, traced 
the steps leading up to the betrayal of 
Jesus. The 40-45 minute drama was 
presented by Dave Schrecengost, Rick 
Iverson, Greg Smith, John Gourley, and 
John Winters. 

June 1993 

The stage settings, costumes, make- 
up, and lighting were also all done by 
members of the Pleasant View Church. 
— reported by Nancy McGraw, secretary 

Do not keep the alabaster boxes of your 
love and tenderness sealed up until your 
friends are dead! Fill their lives with 
sweetness! Speak approving, cheering 
words while their ears can hear them, and 
while their hearts can be thrilled by them. 
— Henry Ward Beecher 

Celebration on Mother's Day 
At North Georgetown Church 
Includes Baptism of Thirteen 

North Georgetown, Ohio — Mother's 
Day was a special day of celebration at 
the North Georgetown First Brethren 
Church, with the baptism of 13 new 
believers and the receiving of 14 mem- 
bers into the church. 

During the 9:30 a.m. Sunday school 
hour, all classes were dismissed and 137 
people gathered in the sanctuary to wit- 
ness the baptisms. Some family groups 
were among the 13 who were baptized. 
Also baptized were three grandchildren 
of Pastor Fred and Carolyn Brandon — 
Jeremiah and Rebekah Perdue and 
Matthew Reich. 

During the 10:30 a.m. worship service 
the 147 in attendance witnessed a 
laying on of hands service for those 
newly baptized, and the reception of 14 
into church membership. 

The North Georgetown Church is ex- 
periencing considerable growth and is 
considering ways to expand it facilities 
to accommodate the many new families. 

The North Georgetown Church is also 
celebrating its centennial year. It will 
conclude the centennial celebration on 
June 20 with Homecoming Sunday. 
Rev. Lynn Mercer, a son of the con- 
gregation who now pastors the Gretna 
Brethren Church near Bellefontaine, 
Ohio, will return home to present the 
morning message. Former pastor Rev. 
Dave Kerner and his wife, Diane, now 
serving as Brethren missionaries in 
Colombia, South America, will tell 
about their mission work following a 
carry-in fellowship dinner. All former 
pastors are invited to attend and par- 
ticipate in this special occasion. 


Employment Opportunity 

seeking a person for the position of 
point, train, and supervise MMA coun- 
selors. The person needs to promote 
the vision of mutual aid and steward- 
ship among Mennonites, Brethren, 
and other associated denominations. 
Qualifications include three years of 
productive life and health insurance 
sales experience, willingness to travel, 
good managerial and relational skills, 
and ability to organize/lead groups. 
MMA offers excellent working condi- 
tions and a competitive benefit pack- 
age. Send resume to Mennonite Mutual 
Aid, Human Resources Dept., PO Box 
483, Goshen, IN 46526. 



Youth from PA and SE Districts Travel to Kentucky 
For Second Annual Work Trip to Riverside School 

Lost Creek, Ky. — April 16-18 was a 
memorable weekend for 35 youth and 
advisors from the Pennsylvania and 
Southeastern Districts who partici- 
pated in the second annual work trip of 
the Pennsylvania District Brethren 
Youth in Christ (BYIC) to Riverside 
Christian School. 

This year the Pennsylvania BYIC in- 
vited youth from the Southeastern Dis- 
trict to join them in the adventure. 

The Friday night trip to Lost Creek 
was no small part of the adventure, for 
it was only after numerous stops and a 
number of wrong turns that the group 
finally arrived at the school. Despite 
minimal amounts of sleep for some of 
the youth and none for most of the 
adults, the group prepared for a day of 
labor. After a hearty breakfast prepared 
by great cooks Rick and Derwood, the 
group set to work. Some hauled cement 
block; others washed classroom win- 
dows; still others laid tile in the class- 
room hallways. A few brave men (or 
were there some women, too?) tackled 
the removal of a stump, while others 
shoveled coal. One group painted a 
storage shed, while several outdoors 
types planted flowers and did general 
yard work. 

By supper time, work was finished, so 
after the meal some of the hearty ones 
took a hike up a mountain trail. The 
athletically inclined showed their 
prowess in some vigorous volleyball. 

On Sunday morning the group 
divided up for worship services, with 
some attending at Drushal Memorial, 
others at Clayhole, and still others at 
Neece Memorial Chapel. The youth 
provided special music at the services 
and the group from Cameron made a 
puppet presentation. 

Following worship, all regrouped at 

Riverside to enjoy a delicious carry-in 
dinner provided by the Riverside staff. 
Then the visitors ended their stay at 
Lost Creek with a circle of prayer and 
Rick Callen singing the song "Thank 
You" to the fine Riverside staff. 

The 35 youth and advisors arrived 
home during the wee hours of Monday 
morning, exhausted but blessed from 
having done the Lord's work, and look- 
ing forward to a return trip next spring. 

— reported by Linda Barr, Pennsylvania 
District Youth Ministry Associate and South- 
eastern District Youth Advisor 

Youth and their advisors from the Pennsylvania and Southeastern Districts take 
a break from their work at Riverside Christian School for this photo session. 

Easter at Cheyenne Church 
Features Several "Firsts" 

Cheyenne, Wyo. — Easter morning 
this year at the Cheyenne Brethren 
Church featured several "firsts." 

The 6:00 a.m. Sonrise service (the 
Cheyenne Brethren believe in true sun- 
rise services!) featured a "first-person" 
account of the resurrection by Susan 
Hurd in the role of Mary Magdalene. In 
past years Cheyenne pastor Rev. G. 
Emery Hurd (Sue's husband) has given 
first-person accounts of the Easter 
events in the role of men of the Bible. 
But this was the first time a woman of 
the Bible was presented in this way, and 
Mrs. Hurd was the first woman to make 
such a presentation for the Sonrise 

Mrs. Hurd not only played the role of 
Mary Magdalene, but she also made the 
New Testament-era style garments that 
she wore while making the presentation. 

Following the Sonrise service, the 
Brethren Men of Mission of the Chey- 
enne Church sponsored the annual 
Easter breakfast. This featured another 
first, the first meal 
cooked in the 
Cheyenne Church's 
totally completed 
new kitchen. The 
new kitchen was 
part of a building/ 
remodeling pro- 
gram that has been 
in progress at the 
Cheyenne Church 
for some time. 

Easter morning 
at Cheyenne con- 
tinued with an egg 
hunt for the chil- 
dren at 9:15 fol- 
lowed by Sunday 
school at 9:30 and 
worship at 10:45. 
The worship serv- 

ice included a musical selection by the 
newly re-formed church choir, which 
was an "almost first." 

— reported by Alice M. Tharp 

Mary Magdalene (Susan Hurd) shares the Easter message 
with a bystander (Rev. Emery Hurd, Sue's husband). 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Six Brethren Receive Degrees in May 
From Ashland Theolgical Seminary 

Ashland, Ohio — Six Brethren were 
among the 116 students who received 
degrees from Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary May 22 during the seminary's 
commencement ceremony. 

Dr. G. William Benz, the new pres- 
ident of Ashland University and Sem- 
inary, presided at the ceremony, with 
ATS vice president Dr. Frederick Finks 
assisting and presenting special recog- 
nition awards. The commencement ad- 
dress was delivered by Dr. Knute Lar- 
son, senior pastor of The Chapel in 
Akron, Ohio, and former pastor of the 
Grace Brethren Church in Ashland. 
Prior to his address, Dr. Larson was 
honored with a Distinguished Christian 
Service Award by the seminary. 

Following are the Brethren students 
who received degrees: 

Roy Allen Andrews, a member of the 
Oakville, Ind., First Brethren Church, 
received the Master of Arts in Church 
Administration degree (with honors). A 
graduate of Ball State University, Mr. 
Andrews taught and coached for several 
years, then was office manager for a 
small manufacturing company during 
the year immediately prior to his enter- 
ing seminary. On June 1, 1993, he be- 
came associate pastor of the Nappanee, 
Ind., First Brethren Church. Roy and 
his wife, Mesu, are the parents of two 
elementary school-age daughters. 

Carolyn Cooksey, a member of the 
Park Street Brethren Church in Ash- 
land, received the Master of Arts degree 
(with high honors). The wife of Rev. 
David Cooksey (Director of Pastoral 
Ministries for The Brethren Church) 
and the mother of three children (two 
now in high school and one at Ashland 
University), Mrs. Cooksey spread her 
seminary training over a six-year 
period. She also worked at the Ashland 
University library, where she continues 
to be employed. She is a member of the 
Spiritual Formation Commission of The 
Brethren Church and is assisting in the 
development of materials on the spir- 
itual disciplines and prayer. In conjunc- 
tion with her husband's position, she 
serves in an unofficial role as counselor 
to pastors' wives. 

Kenneth Edward Cutrer, pastor of the 
University (Brethren) Church on the 
Ashland University campus, received 
the Doctor of Ministry degree. In addi- 
tion to this degree and a Master of Arts 
degree from the seminary (received in 
1989), Mr. Cutrer also has both a bach- 
elor's and a master's degree in educa- 

June 1993 

tion, and has taught for several years at 
Ashland High School. He and his wife, 
Gretchen, have two small children. 

Matthew W. Hamel, a member of the 
Johnstown, Pa., Second Brethren 
Church, received the Master of Arts de- 
gree. A graduate of Ashland University 
with a B.A. in history, Mr. Hamel wrote 
A Congregational History of the South- 
east District of the Brethren Church 
while studying at the seminary. He cur- 
rently works part-time for Book- 
Masters, a local publishing company in 
Ashland. Believing that he is called to 
teach, he is in the process of seeking a 
teaching position at the college level 
prior to pursuing doctoral work in 

church history. He and his wife, 
Deborah, have a five-year-old son. 

Robert C. Trube, a member of the 
Smoky Row Brethren Church, 
Worthington, Ohio, received the Master 
of Arts degree (with high honors, 4.0 
average). He also received the Out- 
standing Senior Award among those 
completing the M.A. degree. Mr. Trube 
is the Ohio Regional Coordinator for 
InterVarsity. He and his wife, Marilyn, 
have one elementary school-age son. 

Olivia Washington, a former member 
of the Brethren Fellowship of the Sav- 
ior, Shaker Heights, Ohio, received the 
Master of Divinity degree. She holds an 
Associate of Arts degree from Chicago 
College of Commerce and worked for ten 
years as a court reporter in Cleveland, 
Ohio, before entering seminary. She 
believes that she is called to plant a 
church in inner-city Cleveland. 

Brethren graduates from Ashland Theological Seminary this year were (I. to r.) 
Kenneth Cutrer, Carolyn Cooksey, Roy Andrews, Matthew Hamel, and (not shown) 
Robert Trube and Olivia Washington. 

Rev. Alvin Grumbling Honored 
As Volunteer of Year at Flora 

Flora, Ind. — Rev. Alvin Grumbling 
was honored as "Volunteer of the Year" 
by the Volunteer Program of the Breth- 
ren Healthcare Center (the Brethren's 
Home) of Flora, Ind., in recognition of 
his outstanding dedication to the volun- 
teer program. 

As an expression of this honor, Rev. 
Grumbling was presented a plaque at 
the Brethren Healthcare Volunteer 
Luncheon held April 20 at the center. 

Rev. Grumbling, who pastors the 
Flora First Brethren Church, has in- 
cluded the Brethren's Home as part of 
his parish. During the past 16 years he 
has held Monday morning worship serv- 

ices at the center; led Good Friday, 
Easter, World Day of Prayer, and Com- 
munion services; conducted memorial 
services; witnessed signatures; and 
worked with the Comfort Club. He also 
visits the res- 
idents, knows 
most of them by 
name, and is a 
friend to all who 
know him. 

— reported by 
Mildred Mullendore 

Rev. Alvin Grum- 
bling with 
plaque honoring 
him as Volun- 
teer of the Year. 
Photo by Terrl Kelly 




Jamie Gillespie was commissioned 
on May 16 at the Vinco Brethren Church, 
Mineral Point, Pa., for service this sum- 
mer as a Pennsylvania District Cru- 
sader. Jamie, the daughter of Karen 
and Tim Gillespie, is a junior in high 
school. She is active in the Vinco BYIC 
and writes for the church newsletter. 
The commissioning included a scrip- 
tural challenge to Jamie by Pastor Jim 
Tomb, responses by the congregation, 
and prayer for Jamie. During the 
prayer, the members of the youth group 
stood side by side around Jamie and 
placed their hands on her shoulders. 

The Flora, Ind., First Brethren 
Church installed two new restrooms in 
the basement of the church building 
during January and February. Accord- 

ing to reporter Mildred Mullendore, the 
new restrooms, which replace old ones 
that were badly outdated, are a nice ad- 
dition to the church building. The work 
was done by the J.L. Collins Company. 

The Disaster Response Program 

of the Church of the Brethren, which 
The Brethren Church supports financial- 
ly, continues to focus on needs created 
by Hurricane Andrew. Work continues 
on repair and rebuilding projects in 
Homestead, Fla., and in Franklin, La., 
with the work likely to take many more 
months, especially in Florida. The pro- 
gram has also responded to needs in the 
Tampa area resulting from tornadoes 
and in Horseshoe Beach, Fla., resulting 
from winter storms. The Brethren 
Church sent $3,483 to the program for 
Hurricane Andrew relief last October 
and another $1,000 in April of this year 
for disaster relief. Donna Derr, director 
of the program, has expressed her hope 
that some members of The Brethren 
Church could be recruited to work on 
these disaster projects. If you would 
consider volunteering, contact The 
Brethren Church National Office. 

A conference on "Anabaptism: A 
Heritage and Its Twenty-First Cen- 
tury Prospects" will be held Septem- 
ber 29-October 2, 1993, at Bridgewater 

College in Bridgewater, Va., sponsored 
by the Forum for Religious Studies of 
the college. Further information about 
the conference may be obtained by con- 
tacting Steve Longenecker or Carl Bow- 
man in care of Bridgewater College 
(Bridgewater, VA 22801). 

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In Memory 

Lorain Johnson, 90, May 11. Member of the 
South Bend First Brethren Church. Services by 
Pastor Larry R. Baker. 

Helen K. Galbraith, 56, May 9. Member since 
1983 of the Oakville First Brethren Church, 
where she served as treasurer of a W.M.S. group 
for many years and was active in various capac- 
ities in the congregation. She was Oakville 
postmaster for more than 30 years and a member 
and past state president of the Post Office Associa- 
tion, NAPUS. Services by Pastor Dan Lawson. 
Elizabeth Fitzsimons, 80, May 4. Member of 
the Corinth Brethren Church. Services by Pastor 
Bill Brady and Glen McFarland. 
Madge R. Dutchess, 85, May 1 . Charter member 
(1960) and deaconess at the Kokomo First 
Brethren Church and former member and dea- 
coness at the South Bend First Brethren Church, 
where she was a member of the W.M.S. and the 
Home Builders Class. Services by Rev. Marc 

Dorothea Nice, 84, April 26. Member for 40 
years of the Warsaw First Brethren Church, 
where she was also active in W.M.S. Services by 
Pastor Mitchell Funkhouser. 
Wayne Helmick, 69, April 24. Member of the 
Masontown Brethren Church, where he was a 
former trustee and head usher. Services by Pastor 
Russell King. 

Mary E. Painter, 94, April 21. Member of the 
Maurertown Brethren Church, where she was 
also a W.M.S. member for many years. Services 
by Rev. Hardy Lutz and Pastor Richard Craver. 
Margaret Blacksten, 88, April 18. Member and 

deaconess at the Linwood Brethren Church, 
where she served as Sunday school pianist for 25 
years and was a member of W.M.S. and the 
Linwood Sewing Circle. Though unable to attend 
for the past three years, she continued to roll 
bandages at home for international aid. Services 
by Pastor Robert Keplinger. 
Nettie Nice, 56, April 17. Member for 40 years 
of the Warsaw First Brethren Church. Services 
in Fort Wayne, Ind., where she lived the past 
several years. 

Jane E. Hendricks, 67, April 1. Member since 
1972 of the Sarasota First Brethren Church, 
where she was faithful to all services, had been a 
member of the choir, played the piano for a 
Sunday school class, and did calling on behalf of 
the church. Services by Pastor Daniel Gray. 
Helen Sriver, 78, March 27. Member of the 
South Bend First Brethren Church, where she 
served as a Sunday school teacher and superin- 
tendent. Services by Pastor Lany R. Baker. 
Royal E. Fink, March 19. Faithful member since 
1982 of the Sarasota First Brethren Church. 
Breckonridge "Breck" Hancock, 93, March 
19. Member since 1966 of the Sarasota First 
Brethren Church. Services by Dr. J. D. Hamel. 
Viola (Tessie) Carter, 71, February 25. Faithful 
member since 1987 of the Sarasota First Brethren 
Church. Services by Dr. J. D. Hamel. 
Clem Steiner, 84, February 20. Member since 
1971 of the Sarasota First Brethren Church. 


Jennifer Morehead to Michael Bailey, May 22, 

at the Muncie First Brethren Church; Pastor 

Keith Bennett officiating. Members of the Mun- 
cie First Brethren Church. 
Debbie Dillman to Bryan Holliman, April 24, 
at the Corinth Brethren Church; Pastor Bill Brady 
officiating. Members of the Corinth Brethren 

Marsha Elaine Smith to Christopher Thomas 
Zoller, April 17, at the Gretna Brethren Church; 
Pastor Lynn Mercer officiating. Bride a member 
of the Gretna Brethren Church. 
Debra Jean Weiskittle to Christopher How- 
ard Egbert, March 20, at the Gretna Brethren 
Church; Pastor Lynn Mercer officiating. Bride a 
member of the Gretna Brethren Church. 


Melvin and Marjorie Kring, 50th, June 26. 
Members of the Ardmore Brethren Church, 
where they have been members of the Deacon 
Council for 40 years. 

Wilbur and Alice Roby, 60th, March 5. Mem- 
bers of the Gretna Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Berlin: 6 by transfer 

Sarasota: 6 by baptism 

South Bend: 3 by baptism 

Mountain View: 3 by baptism 

North Georgetown: 13 by baptism 

1 by affirmation of faith 

Linwood: 7 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

St. James: 8 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

Pleasant View: 2 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

North Manchester: 9 by baptism, 1 by transfer 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 

Hi boys and girls! 

With summer fast approaching, I would guess that most of you are involved or soon 
will be involved in some kind of sport activity. Isn't it fun to play these sports with your 

But sometimes we have so much fun playing that we don't want to lose. And 
sometimes we want to win so badly that we will do almost anything to be the winner. 

Jesus tells us in Matthew 22:37-39 that the greatest commandment of all is to love 
the Lord God with all our hearts. The second greatest commandment is to love our 
neighbor as ourselves. 

Do you know who your neighbor is? Everyone! Jesus made it quite clear that we are 
to show love to everyone. If we try very hard to love others, then we will not be trying to 
hurt them. 

It may not be very much fun to lose. But it is neat to know that if we are playing fair, 
we are being good Christian boys and girls and we are following God's commandments. 

Have fun! 

Loving others is something we have to work at all the time. Here are some thoughts to 
help us. Find the missing words from the paragraphs above and fill in the blanks. 


your neighbor as yourself. 

2. Your neighbor is 

3. We should always try very hard to follow God's 

Use the word list at the right to help 
you unscramble these letters. 

1. sesuJ 

2. elov 

3. deanomctmnm 

4. horeginb 

5. senirdf 

June 1993 


News-Notes From Around the World 


Christian leaders in Malaysia say 
that unpublished 1991 census figures 
indicate that Christianity is on the rise 
in that country. Of the 17.5 million peo- 
ple in Malaysia, 8.1 percent are Chris- 
tian — up from 6.5 percent in 1980. 

During the same period (1980-1991), 
Hinduism dropped slightly, as did Con- 
fucianism and Taoism among the 
Chinese populace. Other folk and tribal 
religions also declined slightly. On the 
other hand, the census figures indicate 
a significant rise of Islam — from about 
53 percent to about 60 percent of the 

— World Evangelical Report 


The sudden birth and growth of at 
least 40 evangelical churches in Albania 
following 25 years of an absolute ban on 
religion is being described as an "in- 
stant church" by mission workers in 
that country. 

Weekly fellowship meetings in the 
country are marked by great enthusiasm 
and hearty singing, according to a 
report by the Albanian Encouragement 
Project, a coalition of 30 evangelical 
mission groups operating in the coun- 
try. An easy-to-read Bible in the Alban- 
ian language was scheduled for publica- 
tion by the European Christian Mission 
at the end of April, the first complete 
Bible in the national language. 

Meanwhile, the country's 3.4 million 
people continue to receive the Christian 
message through Trans World Radio 
programs that are broadcast over Radio 
Tirana in a number of languages. The 
radio broadcasts have been so well re- 
ceived that a follow-up office, staffed by 
Albanians, has been opened. 

The life of the "instant church" is 
threatened, however, by a law that may 
severely limit freedom of worship in the 
country. An earlier proposal suggested 
the creation of four government-desig- 
nated "historical" religions — not in- 
cluding Protestants. That proposal was 
rejected, but a new law on religion is 

— World Evangelical Report 


Armed warriors surrendered their 
rifles and publicly turned their backs on 
violence during a Christian rally in the 
northern region of Uganda. The young 
Karimojong — from one of the proudest 
and most independent of Uganda's tribes 
— laid down their AK47 rifles at the end 

of a sermon asking, "Who are You Serv- 
ing?" The fighting men who declared 
that they wanted to serve Jesus were 
the latest of several hundred Karimo- 
jong to renounce their warring ways 
during a preaching campaign organized 
by churches in the region with the sup- 
port of Youth With a Mission. In a few 
recent cases, acts of reconciliation by 
Karimojong men to former victims have 
included the return of highly-prized 
stolen cattle. 

— World Evangelical Report 


Four wells being drilled in stra- 
tegically located church compounds 
in Liberia's water-and-electricity- 
deprived capital of Monrovia will be a 
lifeline for the thousands of homeless 
and displaced people in the areas who 
desperately need clean drinking water. 
But the wells may also prove to be a 
source of financing for other relief and 
development projects. 

The project was conceived by the As- 
sociation of Evangelicals of Liberia (AEL), 
and the wells are being drilled with 
funding from World Relief of the Na- 
tional Association of Evangelicals. 

When the wells are fully operational, 
thousands of people in the area will be 
able to draw water from them free. But 
in addition, AEL plans to deliver water 
to area businesses for a fee. The income 
from this service will then be used by 
AEL to finance other relief and develop- 
ment projects. 

— World Evangelical Report 


Evangelist Billy Graham held the 
most far-reaching crusade of his 50-plus 
years of ministry March 17-21 from 
Essen, Germany. The crusade origi- 
nated in the 7,000-seat Grugahalle in 
Essen, a German city of 600,000 in- 
habitants, and was transmitted by 
satellite to nearly 400 locations 
throughout Germany, Austria, and Ger- 
man-speaking Switzerland, and to an 
additional 1,000 locations in 57 other 
countries and territories throughout 
Europe. These meetings were held in 
churches, town halls, cinemas, prisons, 
and even at an airport on the small 
island of Sylt in the North Sea. 

Nearly one million people attended 
the German-speaking venues, with an 
additional 7.2 million attending at the 
non-German-speaking locations, mak- 
ing this the largest evangelistic effort in 
the history of the Christian church. 
Nearly 250,000 people responded to Mr. 

Graham's invitation to make a commit- 
ment to Christ. 

To enable everyone in the satellite 
locations to clearly understand the 
gospel, a team of interpreters simul- 
taneously interpreted Mr. Graham's 
sermon into 44 different languages. The 
appropriate local language was trans- 
mitted instead of German during the 
satellite transmission of Mr. Graham's 
preaching. Technology experts agree 
that this was the biggest technological 
project in Europe since last year's Olym- 
pics in Barcelona, Spain. 

— Billy Graham Evangelistic 
Association news release 

Latin America 

Latin America will soon have its first 
Christian satellite radio network, thanks 
to a joint effort involving two of the 
world's pioneers in broadcasting to 
South and Central America. Trans 
World Radio (TWR) and HCJB World 
Radio have agreed to establish a 24- 
hour satellite service that will be avail- 
able to all stations in Spanish-speaking 
Latin America, stretching from the U.S. 
-Mexican border to the southern tip of 
Chile. Target date for initiating the 
service is November 20, 1993. 

"This is the first time that digital 
satellite technology will be used to pro- 
vide high quality, Christ-honoring radio 
programming to stations throughout 
Latin America on a regular basis," says 
James Munger, TWR's satellite coordi- 
nator for Latin America. 

"We are eager to join forces with Latin 
America's evangelical churches — to as- 
sist them in the vision of reaching mil- 
lions living in cities which are mush- 
rooming throughout the continent," ex- 
plains HCJB Broadcasting Director 
Glen Volkhardt. "More than half the 
population of Latin America is under 25 
years of age, and many of these young 
people are not touched by the local 

— Trans World Radio News Release 

United States 

The Tennessee House and Senate 
passed a bill on May 19, 1993, allowing 
for student initiated prayer at public 
school non-compulsory events. The bill 
will allow public schools in Tennessee to 
accommodate the free speech and exer- 
cise rights of students who desire volun- 
tarily to initiate and give benedictions, 
invocations, or prayers in the schools or 
on school property during non -compulsory 
school events. 

The Rutherford Institute News Release 


The Brethren Evangelist 



This is the narration 
that accompanies the 
author's well-known EUROPEAN 
ORIGINS, updated to include the latest 
research. Most of this material has never been 
published in any form. Here is the detailed story 
of the beginning of the Brethren movement in 
Europe in the early part of the eighteenth 

Dr. Donald F. Durnbaugh 

Professor of church history 

Bethany Theological Seminary 


The Young Center for the Study of Anabaptist 

and Pietistic Groups 

Elizabethtown College 

$25.00 per book 


Hochmann is the most 

important non-Brethren 

associated with the beginnings of the 

Brethren movement. Some regard him as the 

'co-founder" of the Brethren. This original work 

by Renkewitz is the first book-length treatment 

of the life of this important Pietistic leader. 

Willoughby's translation makes this the only 

work on Hochmann in English. 

Dr. William G Willoughby 

Professor of Philosophy and Religion 

University of LaVerne 

$30.00 per book 

Brethren Encyclopedia, Inc. 

313 Fairview Avenue 

Ambler, PA 19002 

The Brethren Missionary Herald Co. 

P.O. Box 544 

Winona Lake, IN 46590 


The Brethren Press 

1451 Dundee Avenue 

Elgin, IL 60120 

The Carpenter's Shop 

709 Claremont Street 

Ashland, OH 44805 

lacob C. Ness 

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York, PA 17403 

Miami Valley Press 

P.O. Box 134 

Covington, OH 45318 

105th General Conference 

August 2-6 

Ashland University, Ashland, Ohio 

Theme: "Witnesses to the World" 

Theme Verse: Acts 1:8 

The Brethren Church is about to 
launch a bold evangelism thrust this fall 
through the Passing On the Promise 
process. It will involve outreach to "our 
world," beginning first in our "Jeru- 
salem" — our own communities — and 
reaching beyond to "the ends of the 

But any evangelistic effort will only 
succeed to the degree that it is bathed in 
prayer. So a major part of our Conference 
will be devoted to praying and to instruc- 
tion related to prayer. 

The 1993 Conference will feature: 

• David Bryant as outside speaker and 
prayer leader 

• Rich times of worship and fellowship 

• Addresses by Moderator Glenn Grum- 
bling and Moderator-Elect Russell 

• Practical workshops 

• A variety of luncheons and banquets 

• Updates on denominational ministries 

• Business sessions 

Don't miss this year's General Confer- 
ence! Make plans now to attend and com- 
plete the registration form on page 13 no 
later than July 21. 

See you in August! 

David Bryant 


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Funderburg Library 


1993 General Conference Theme Logo 

Putting Prayer 
In Its Place 

By Richard C. Winfield, Editor 

and said recently about the 
issue of prayers at public school 
graduation ceremonies. According 
to last year's Lee v. Weisman Su- 
preme Court decision, such prayers 
are unconstitutional if they are 
school-sponsored. But so far the 
Court has declined to rule on 
whether such prayers are accept- 
able if they are student-initiated 
and student-led. 

Some Christians get really upset 
about this issue and the related 
issue of school prayer. They can't 
understand why schools can't con- 
tinue asking local clergymen to 
offer prayers at graduations, just 
as they have done in the past. 

Something to think about 

But if those Christians lived in 
Hawaii, they might think differ- 
ently. There the local "clergyman" 
might be a Buddhist monk, since 
Buddhism is the largest faith in 
that U.S. state. Or how would such 
Christians react if a Muslim mul- 
lah were asked to offer a prayer — 
not out of the realm of possibility, 
since Islam will soon be the second 
largest religion in the U.S. 

As Christians, we may not like it 
when our freedom of religious ex- 
pression is restricted in the public 
arena in order to protect the rights 
of those who are not Christians. 
But that works both ways. The law 
that protects Jewish school- 
children from being 
forced to sit through 
prayers offered to God 
the Father in the name 
of Jesus Christ also pro- 
tects Christian children 
from having to listen to 
prayers to Allah in the 
name of Mohammed, his 
prophet. In essence, the 
Constitution is helping us 
apply the "Golden Rule." 

But there is another 

issue for us Christians to consider 
here. And that is that we shouldn't 
expect our public institutions to do 
for us what we should be doing in 
our churches and in our homes. 

Rather than get upset about the 
lack of prayer at public school cer- 
emonies and in classrooms, we 
need to get upset about the paucity 
of prayer in our churches. How 
many Brethren churches still have 
prayer meetings? And how many 
people attend the prayer meetings, 
Bible studies, and share groups 
that are still held? Less than 20 
percent of the membership, accord- 
ing to the 1992 statistical reports. 

Are these gatherings poorly at- 
tended because the Supreme Court 
has declared them unconstitution- 
al? Certainly not! Such meetings, 
held in church buildings or in 
private homes, are among the most 
protected gatherings in our land. 
Ironically, while prayer meetings 
in our land of freedom are often 
poorly attended, believers in coun- 
tries where Christianity is illegal 
often regard their prayer meetings 
as very precious and will literally 
risk their lives to attend. 

Prayer in the home 

But the church isn't the only 
place where we need to get serious 
about prayer. We need to get ser- 
ious about prayer in our homes as 
well. We ought to spend time in 
prayer ourselves. And we must 

teach our children how to pray, 
both by example and by precept. 

So what if your kids' teachers 
can't lead them in prayer before 
class at school. Pray with them at 
home. Teach them how to pray. 
And instruct them that they can 
pray anytime, anywhere — includ- 
ing at school. For, contrary to some 
of the jokes we've heard, the Su- 
preme Court has never said that 
children can't pray at school. It has 
only declared school-sponsored 
prayers unconstitutional. There is 
no law that prevents a school child 
from bowing his head and offering 
a silent prayer at the beginning of 
the day or before a test. 

What did Jesus say? 

Jesus Himself did not seem to 
put a lot of importance on public 
prayer. In fact, quite the contrary, 
for He said, "But when you pray, 
do not be like the hypocrites, for 
they love to pray standing in the 
synagogues and on the street con- 
ners to be seen by men." Granted, 
He was not speaking about prayers 
offered at public functions. Nor am 
I suggesting that such prayers are 
hypocritical (although I've heard a 
few I've wondered about!). 

Jesus sets forth the place of prayer 
in the rest of this passage: "When 
you pray, go into your room ['closet' 
in the King James Version], close 
the door and pray to your Father 
who is unseen. Then your Father, 
who sees what is done in secret, 
will reward you" (Matt. 6:5-6, JV/v). 

So, rather than spending time 
bemoaning the demise of prayers 
at graduation ceremonies or in the 
classrooms of our public schools, 
let us commit ourselves, instead, to 
making greater use of the freedom 
we have to spend time in prayer in 
our churches, in our homes, and in 
the "closets" of our hearts. 

c£K Pontius' Puddle 










vouxcy jj\ 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Funderburg Library 


North Manchester, IN 46962 

July/August 1993 
Volume 115, Number 7 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


John Maust 

Children's Page 

Sandi Rowsey 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

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Published: Monthly (except 
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Putting Prayer in Its Place by Richard C. Winfield 2 

Christians need to be more concerned about praying in their churches 
and homes than about prayers at graduation ceremonies. 

A Special Call to Prayer by Jerry Flora 4 

An appeal to make August 1, 1993, a day of prayer and fasting in The 
Brethren Church. 

Remembering the Children by Janet Solomon 5 

A return trip to visit young people who were a part of the original 
Hispanic ministry of the Sarasota First Brethren Church. 

Fit for Freedom by Floyd Faust 6 

We need to recommit ourselves to the religious, moral, and educational 
prerequisites that are the foundation of our nation's freedom. 

How Should Christians Respond to the Homosexual 8 

Movement? by Robert Westfall 
A twofold Christian response to efforts being made by some to make 
homosexuality an alternate life style. 

Special Section 

General Conference Preview 


General Conference Moderator; Other Highlights of 
Conference Week 

General Conference Auxiliaries 

General Conference Business 





Children's Page 

by Sandi Rowsey 

From the Grape Vine 



The July-August Woman's Outlook Newsletter is in the center of this 

This EVANGELIST is the combined July/August issue, and there will be no issue 
next month. 

Cover: The theme logo for this year's 
General Conference was done by Robin 
Roberts, a graphic artist and member of 
the Ashland Park Street Brethren 

Answers to the 

Little Crusader page: 

Words in the box: see the box at the 

What Jesus Wants you to be: Fisher 
of men. 

JulVAugust 1993 

X that, as we approach the 
twenty-first century, the great- 
est prayer movement in living 
memory is already under way." 
That is the opinion of Richard 
J. Foster, the Quaker writer 
best known for his book, Cele- 
bration of Discipline. Can it be 
true? As both observer and 
leader in the struggle for Amer- 
ica's soul, Dr. Foster's views 
deserve consideration. 

We are rapidly approaching 
the 105th General Conference 
of The Brethren Church. It is 
possible that more prayer is 
going into this Conference than 
any in our last 50 years. The 
five days in Ashland will begin 
with special instruction and ex- 
perience in prayer, led by David 
Bryant. Noted for his leader- 
ship in "concerts of prayer," he 
will be helping Brethren to pray 

Dr. Flora is professor of New Testa- 
ment Theology at Ashland Theological 
Seminary and serves on the Spiritual 
Formation Commision of The Brethren 

A Special Call 
To Prayer 

By Jerry R. Flora 

with understanding, in 
greater depth, and to 
greater effect. 

A day of prayer 

The Spiritual Forma- 
tion Commission of 
General Conference is asking 
Brethren around the world to 
set aside Sunday, August 1, as a 
day of special, concentrated 
prayer. What could be more ap- 
propriate on the Sunday preced- 
ing Conference? And on Tues- 
day evening, August 3, when 
delegates in Ashland experience 
the concert of prayer led by 
David Bryant, Brethren every- 
where are invited to spend the 
same time praying. 

A day of fasting 

The Spiritual Formation Com- 
mission also suggests that Sun- 
day, August 1, be a day of fast- 
ing as well as prayer. The goal 
is to intensify and focus the 
prayers of Brethren everywhere 
for the good of the Conference 
and for the glory of God. The 
fasting can be done privately or 
publicly (a group prayer meet- 
ing instead of Sunday dinner). 
It can be as simple as skipping 
a meal, or it may mean abstain- 
ing from food for 24 hours. 

Whatever the choice, fasting's 
purpose is to take time and en- 
ergy normally spent on eating 
and to use that time and energy 
for purifying prayer instead. 
The idea is to abstain from food 
in order to concentrate on God. 

Most Brethren have probably 

given little attention to such a 
discipline. Didn't fasting pass 
away along with the sacrifices 
of the Mosaic law? Not quite. 
Our Lord fasted and assumed 
that His followers might also, 
for He said, "When you fast ..." 
Matt. 6:16). The leaders of the 
Antioch church engaged in wor- 
ship, fasting, and prayer. Out of 
that came the missionary move- 
ment that sent Paul into Europe 
with the gospel (Acts 13:1-3). 

Many great Christian leaders 
practiced fasting as part of their 
spiritual training and testified 
to its purifying power. Among 
them were Martin Luther, John 
Calvin, John Knox, Jonathan 
Edwards, John Wesley, David 
Brainerd, and Charles Finney. 
Wesley, founder of the Meth- 
odist Church, was especially 
convinced of fasting's value. He 
refused to ordain anyone to the 
ministry who would not fast two 
days every week. 

Our 105th General Conference 
will make crucial decisions for 
the future of The Brethren 
Church. Delegates in Ashland 
will engage in concerted prayer 
in the opening days of the Con- 
ference. Brethren in other 
places are asked to join them in 
praying, and especially on the 
Sunday preceding Conference. 
If possible, let that Sunday be a 
day of fasting in order to pray 
more and pray better. May the 
Holy Spirit use this time to en- 
large our understanding, enrich 
our faith, and empower our 



The Brethren Evangelist 

Remembering the Children 

By Janet Solomon 

May 22, I arrived in Sarasota, 
Fla., for the dedication service the 
following day of the church build- 
ing of Iglesia de los Hermanos (the 
Hispanic Brethren Church in 
Sarasota).* I headed immediately 
for the old migrant camp and the 
downtown section of Sarasota, 
where most of the children who 
first attended the church used to 
live. As I searched for the children, 
I became nostalgic. 

A small beginning 

The ministry began in 1979, 
while I was finishing college and 
serving as director of a day-care 
center for children of Mexican 
farm laborers. On one occasion a 
mother asked if I would take her 
two sons to Sunday school. 

On Sunday morning, when I 
arrived at the migrant camp, not 
two but ten enthusiastic children 
greeted me in their Sunday best. 
In the weeks that followed, these 
ten soon became 100, requiring 
three vans to transport them to 
Sunday school. There they were 
taught and won to the Lord by 
caring teachers, including such 
future Brethren leaders as Miguel 
Antunez, Juanita Dillard, and 
Theresa Showalter (now Cruz). 

My husband, Tim, soon began a 
class for adults. Then his father, 
Rev. Ken Solomon (Brethren mis- 
sionary to Argentina and Colom- 
bia) became the first pastor of this 
special ministry. 

*See the Update article about this ded- 
ication on page 14. 

Mrs. Solomon, a former Brethren 
missionary to Colombia, South Amer- 
ica, now lives in Battle Creek, Mich- 
igan, with her husband, Tim, and their 
two children. She teaches high school 
Spanish and Bible, and Tim manages 
a Christian bookstore. 

JulVAugust 1993 

Jan Solomon and Pastor Daniel Rosales with some of the "children" (now 
young adults) whom Jan brought to the Spanish ministry in Sarasota — (I. to r.) 
Maria Lazo, Marisol Lazo, Pastor Rosales, Jose Lazo, Jan, Samuel Pena, Yessenia 
Ramirez, Juan Pena, Brenda, and Ricardo Pena. 

I pondered all this as I pulled 
into the old neighborhood. No one 
had planned this church. No mis- 
sion group had canvassed the area. 
The Holy Spirit had initiated this 
work, using only a few small chil- 
dren and a congregation with arms 
open wide enough to take them in 
and care for them. 

A joyful reunion 

At last I reached my destination. 
There were warm hugs and a few 
tears. The kids couldn't believe I 
had come to town just for them. 
And I couldn't believe how they 
had grown! Some of the youth have 
stayed in touch, and a few second 
generation children have even at- 
tended the Spanish church, now 
under the leadership of Rev. 
Daniel Rosales and his wife, 
Kathy. Many of the families, how- 
ever, have moved around. Some of 
these young people I had not seen 
since my husband and I left for 
Brethren missionary service in 
Colombia, South America, in 1988! 

How happy we were to be to- 
gether once again! They even 
asked for cookies, juice, and for a 
church van to pick them up and 
take them to church, "just like the 
good old days." 

While some of these young peo- 
ple are still following the Lord, one 
young man, whom we'll call Raul, 
had just been released from prison. 
He informed me that he wouldn't 
be able to attend the dedication 
service the next day. "I've got things 
to do," he said. 

"I gave you to the Lord when you 
were very young," I replied. "He 
still loves you." 

A happy surprise 

The hour of the dedication serv- 
ice arrived and the moment came 
when it was my turn to greet the 
congregation. Almost as if on cue, 
Raul walked in the back door and 
made his way to the second row. I 
mouthed a "thank you" to him 
while Kathy Rosales translated 
(continued on page 7) 

By Floyd Faust 

This month, as we again celebrate our nation's 
independence, we need to recommit ourselves to 
the religious, moral, and educational prerequisites 
that are the foundation of our freedom. 

our citizens are being bom- 
barded with alarming newspaper 
reports and TV specials informing 
us of shocking increases in crime, 
family breakdown, teen-age preg- 
nancy, and the general collapse of 
our culture. It is evident that our 
beloved national home, for years 
the best place on earth to live, is 
slipping away from us. 

Many palliative remedies for 
specific problems are being pro- 
posed, like Band-Aids on a fester- 
ing wound. But who is openly ad- 
dressing the primary evil that is 
spawning most of the others? 

A critical struggle 

Today our country is engaged in 
a critical struggle to determine 
whether any nation conceived in 
liberty and dedicated to providing 
freedom for all its people can long 
endure serious misuse of that free- 
dom by a substantial proportion of 
its citizens. When respect for 
moral conduct and obedience to 
law were nearly universal in our 
land, our fathers relied on im- 
prisonment of occasional offenders 
to protect the respectful majority. 
At present, however, our America 

Rev. Faust is Minister Emeritus of 
the Broad Street Christian Church of 
Columbus, Ohio. 

has the largest percentage of its 
population behind prison bars of 
any nation in the free world. Even 
so, violent criminal conduct con- 
tinues to increase. 

The basic problem 

The basic problem with our 
society is evident, but none of our 
political, economic, or educational 
leaders are identifying it, turning 
the spotlight of public attention on 
it, or championing strong meas- 
ures for its solution. The destruc- 
tive evil to which I am referring is 
"The Sin of the Sixties," the em- 
phasis on civil liberties, individual 
rights, and freedom of personal ex- 
pression that led our people to 
abandon the foundational prin- 
ciples of respect for law, moral 
restraint, and discipline on which 
our fathers established this nation. 

They wrote, "Religion, Morality 
and Knowledge, being necessary to 
good government and the happi- 
ness of mankind, schools and the 
means of education shall forever 
be established." They did not pro- 
pose merely to grant our people 
freedom. Other societies had tried 
that experiment, only to sink so 
deeply into chaos and confusion 
that they turned in desperation to 
civil dictatorships to restore order. 

The genius of the American 
Dream was to set people free only 

after they had been made, and as 
long as they were kept, fit for 
freedom. Those fathers of ours un- 
derstood that there are religious, 
moral, and educational prereq- 
uisites to any free society. 

Boris Yeltsin is paying a price 
for his failure to recognize this fact 
in modern Russia. Eager to estab- 
lish political and economic freedom 
for his people, he rejected Gor- 
bachev's plan for slow, long-term 
democratic reform. That plan 
would have permitted rebuilding 
the foundations of personal respon- 
sibility and independent decision- 
making, of religious and moral 
motivation which must undergird 
successful democratic government. 

A crucial question 

An ancient prophet asked, "If the 
foundations are destroyed, what 
can a people do?" The Yeltsin regime 
today is struggling with that ques- 
tion, how to rebuild those infra- 
structures after they have been 
deliberately demolished by decades 
of Communism. In America our 
peril will be no less traumatic if we 
permit ours to crumble and decay 
through neglect. 

My own father was a teacher in 
the "One-Room Country School" 
that was the support beneath our 
national character for generations. 
He said, "We did not teach only the 

The Brethren Evangelist 

'Today our country is engaged in a critical struggle to determine whether any nation 
conceived in liberty and dedicated to providing freedom for all its people can long 
endure serious misuse of that freedom by a substantial proportion of its citizens." 

'3-R's.' We taught young Americans 
how to read, write, figure, spell, 
and how to behave themselves in a 
civilized society." Moral conduct 
was given top priority in their cur- 
riculum, and discipline was strictly 
administered and respected "under 
God," for Bible-reading and prayer 
were part of the regular daily 

But today? What would have 
been our grandparents' reaction if 
we had told them the time would 
come in their beloved America 
when not only would mention of 
God or religion be banished from 
our schools, but even sexual ab- 
stinence before marriage by young 
people could not be promoted as a 
preferred option? 

Have the "constitutional rights" 
of the amoral and immoral among 
us become so important that we 
dare not teach morality to our 
younger generation for fear of of- 
fending them? And perhaps most 
important, does the fact that we 
now have multiple religions in our 
society mean we must advocate 
and promote no religion at all, 
practically fostering secularism? 
Do we dare to pretend we can 
achieve a moral society without a 
religious foundation, a task no 
other world culture ever accom- 

\:-~"-'— ■: ■' .^r^ 

plished and at which 
Communism recently 
failed so miserably? 

Wake up, America, 
indeed! If we do not 
change our goals and 
efforts, do we believe 
we will escape being 
buried under the 
same searing cinders 
that wiped out Sodom 
and Gomorrah? This 
is no casual call to 
curb minor social ills 
plaguing us. It is a 
trumpet blast appeal- 
ing for rebuilding our 
foundation of "Relig- 
ion, Morality and Knowledge" — 
that these character-sustaining 
pursuits be given major emphasis 
and once again be taught openly 
and vigorously in our homes, 
schools, and churches. 

An American nightmare 

Surely, if we ignore this essen- 
tial responsibility today, we will 
become tomorrow a society of ter- 
rified prisoners, and our streets, 
business places, and even our 
houses will be turned into besieged 
fortresses. Ours has long been 
"The land of the free and the home 
of the brave." But if we do not dem- 

onstrate more bravery in teaching 
our people to accept moral re- 
straints under God and from with- 
in our own minds and spirits, we 
like many before us will come to 
abhor the freedom that is destroy- 
ing us, turn to dictatorship to dis- 
cipline us from without, and see 
our American Dream become a 

This is the essential problem 
facing our nation today. Let us 
hereby resolve that as we struggle 
to keep our people free, we give 
equal priority to doing all that will 
insure that they are made and 
kept Fit for Freedom! [f] 

Remembering the Children 

(continued from page 5) 
one of my sentences from Spanish 
into English. 

After the dedication, Raul pulled 
me aside and told me that he had 
wanted to come forward when the 
invitation was given during the 
service. Soon, not only Raul but 
five others as well were huddled in 
prayer with Pastor Rosales, Dr. 
J.D. Hamel (my father), and me. 
For me, this second "dedication 
service" was even more moving 
than the first had been. 

My father and I had breakfast 
with Raul the following day, before 
my flight home. And since my 
return, I have spoken with a 

July/August 1993 

couple of the other Hispanic young 
people by phone. 

I am well aware of the struggles 
they face. Resources are being 
developed and jobs are being 
sought for them. But breaking out 
of the cycle of their past is a dif- 
ficult task for some of these young 
people. Although many have made 
wise choices for their lives, others 
have not. Some of the young people 
have police records. A few of those 
we used to bring to Sunday school 
even have been involved in illegal 
drug trade. 

Are these the kind of people 
Brethren want in their churches? 
In many congregations, the chil- 
dren I brought might not have 
been welcome, particularly in the 

numbers that came. (We had 201 
present for our seventh anniver- 
sary celebration, and we once took 
51 young people and children on a 
cruise ship for a day.) But the peo- 
ple of the Sarasota First Brethren 
Church never asked me to stop 
bringing them, nor did they com- 
plain much about the extra noise 
(not to mention the gum!). The 
Sarasota First Brethren Church 
ministered biblically to the needs 
of the hurting community around 
them, and the fruits of their labor 
have multiplied. 

But lest even one of these should 
perish, please continue to pray for 
all our children. And may God 
bless you, Brethren, for your faith- 
fulness, [f] 

How Should Christians Respond 
to the Homosexual Movement? 

ON APRIL 25 an event took 
place in Washington, D.C., 
that was heralded as a main- 
stream gathering and "a simple 
matter of justice." The event was 
the gay march on Washington. 
President Clinton, meanwhile, is 
attempting to keep a campaign 
promise to lift the ban on gays in 
the military. 

It seems that everywhere we 
turn today we are faced with the 
issue of homosexuality. How are 
we, as Christians, to respond to 
the homosexual movement in 
America? Is homosexuality an al- 
ternate life style? 

A twofold response 

The Christian response should 
be twofold. First, we should take a 
stand against the practice of homo- 
sexuality. Homosexual conduct is 
wrong and strictly forbidden ac- 
cording to the Bible. God said, "If a 
man lies with a man as one lies 
with a woman, both of them have 
done what is detestable" (Leviticus 
20:13, MV). 

The Apostle Paul put it this way, 
"Do you not know that the wicked 
will not inherit the kingdom of 
God? Do not be deceived: neither 
the sexually immoral nor idolaters 
nor adulterers nor male prosti- 
tutes nor homosexual offenders 
nor thieves nor the greedy nor 
drunkards nor slanderers nor 
swindlers will inherit the kingdom 
of God" (1 Corinthians 6:9-10, Niv). 

The Scriptures are clear. Homo- 
sexual conduct is wrong. It is not 
an alternate life style in the eyes of 
God. It is detestable in His sight. 

Secondly, we should stand next 

Rev. Westfall is pastor of the Pleas- 
ant Hill First Brethren Church. This 
article appeared in the Pleasant Hill 
Church newsletter and is used here 
with Rev. Westfall's permission. 


By Robert Westfall 

to the person who is a homosexual. 
We must be careful to condemn 
only the practice and not the peo- 
ple. Those who commit homosex- 
ual acts are not to be feared, 
ridiculed, or hated. They are to be 
loved with the unconditional, un- 
failing love that only Christ can 
produce in our lives. 

"The church should be a 
haven of forgiveness 
and healing for repent- 
ant homosexuals 
without compromising 
its stance against 
homosexual behavior.** 

All of us have a sin nature and 
are prone to yield to one tempta- 
tion more than to another one. 
Some of us have more difficulty 
with sexual temptation than do 
others. Some have more difficulty 
with stealing or with outbursts of 
anger or with lying to get out of a 
jam than other people have. Our 
tendency toward a certain sinful 
behavior may be caused by 
psychological, accidental, environ- 
mental, or constitutional (genetic 
or hormonal) factors. But all of 
these tendencies, including the 
homosexual condition, are in- 
nocent until indulged. 

Temptation itself is not sin 

Temptation itself is not sin. 
Rather, yielding to the temptation 
is sin. The Lord Jesus Christ was 
"tempted in every way, just as we 
are — yet was without sin" 
(Hebrews 4:15, NIV). 

The person with homosexual 
tendencies must struggle with his 
or her temptation just as the 
heterosexual person must struggle 
to maintain sexual purity. Just as 
a parent who has a tendency to let 
his or her anger build up inside 

must struggle with the tendency to 
let it explode into physically and/or 
emotionally abusing a mate or child. 
Just as a person must struggle with 
temptations to steal. Just as . . . 

The solution is not to make the 
sinful behavior to which we are 
tempted an alternate life style. We 
wouldn't even think of suggesting 
that child abusing be an alternate 
life style, would we? Then why do 
some think that homosexuality 
should be an alternate life style? 

God sets the standards 

God declares that both are 
wrong. He knows what is best for 
us. We must trust God's word. We 
must do what His word says is 
right no matter how we feel or how 
reasonable society makes sinful 
behavior seem. Society does not set 
the standards for morality. God 

The solution is for Christians to 
take a stand against homosexual 
practices and to stand next to the 
homosexual person. Paul goes on 
in 1 Corinthians chapter six to say, 
"And that is what some of you 
were. But you were washed, you 
were sanctified, you were justified 
in the name of the Lord Jesus 
Christ and by the Spirit of our 
God" (1 Cor. 6:11, NIV). 

Some of the Christians at Corinth 
had been practicing homosexuals, 
thieves, drunkards, etc. But when 
they turned away from their sin, 
turned to Jesus and placed their 
faith in Him, they were forgiven 
and given new life. Homosexuals 
can be forgiven and their lives 
transformed. We should stand next 
to the homosexual, demonstrating 
through our words and deeds the 
love of Christ. The church should 
be a haven of forgiveness and heal- 
ing for repentant homosexuals 
without compromising its stance 
against homosexual behavior. [fl 

The Brethren Evangelist 

General Conference Preview 

The 105th General Conference 
of The Brethren Church 


T T H E. ) KJ 

fORLD Acts 1:8 

August 2-6 at Ashland University, Ashland, Ohio 

The Conference schedule and an introduction to the inspirational speaker were in- 
cluded in last month's Evangelist. On this and the following several pages is additional 
information about this 105th annual meeting of the Brethren. 

Brethren attending Conference this year are in for a pleasant surprise when they walk 
into the Convocation Center, for the meeting and banquet rooms have been completely 
remodeled. A dropped ceiling, tasteful decorating, new lighting, carpeted floors, and a 
new sound system should enhance our enjoyment of Conference. 

Conference Moderator 

Rev. Glenn W. Grumbling, pastor of the College 
Corner Brethren Church near Wabash, Ind., will 
preside at this year's General Conference. Mod- 
erator Grumbling will present an address to the 
Conference during the 
Wednesday evening 
worship hour and 
preside over the daily 
business sessions. 

A native of Johns- 
town, Pa., where he 
grew up in the Johns- 
town Third Brethren 
Church, Grumbling 
(62) attended both Ash- 
land College (B.A., 
1955) and Ashland 
Theological Seminary 
(B.D, 1958). While in 
seminary he pastored the United Church of North 
Fairfield, Ohio, and following seminary he served 
the Milford First, College Corner (an earlier pas- 
torate), Muncie First, Waterloo First, and Mt. 
Olivet (Georgetown, Del.) Brethren Churches prior 
to entering his present pastorate in 1988. 

He is married to the former Nancy M. Thomas, 
and they are the parents of four children, Wayne 
(also a pastor), Rebecca (Munoz) (deceased), 
Thomas, and Cheryl (Black). They also have eight 

Other Highlights of Conference Week 

David Bryant, founder and president of Con- 
certs of Prayer International, will address the Con- 
ference on Monday evening, present a prayer 
workshop on Tuesday morning, then lead a concert 
of prayer on Tuesday evening. More information 

and a picture of David Bryant were included in the 
June issue (p. 11). 

Devotional/Corporate Prayer services. Half- 
hour periods for devotions and prayer are planned 
for 8:30 to 9:00 on Wednesday and Thursday morn- 
ings. In keeping with the primary emphasis of this 
Conference, priority will be given to spending time 
in prayer in these services. 

World Relief Soup Luncheon. The focus at 
this Thursday noon luncheon will be on how we 
can help feed others rather than on feeding our- 
selves. The speaker will be David Loudon, Disaster 
Response Director for World Relief of NAE, who 
will provide up-to-date information about the chal- 
lenge of meeting world needs. (Reservations are re- 
quested, using the form on p. 13 of the June issue.) 

Missionary Board Banquet. Thursday evening 
will be missions night at Conference, with a Mis- 
sionary Board Banquet at 5:15 followed by a mis- 
sions program at 7:00. Speaker for the seven 
o'clock program will be Brethren missionary Rev. 
Raymond Aspinall. Rev. Aspinall and his wife, 
Marilyn, are retiring from mission service this 
summer following 31 years of work in Argentina. 
The title of Rev. Aspinall's message will be, "What? 
Are You Still Talking About Missions?" (Reserva- 
tions are required for the banquet, but the evening 
program is open to all.) 

New Moderator's Challenge. During the con- 
cluding Conference worship service at 10:45 Friday 
morning, Rev. Russell Gordon, the 1994 Confer- 
ence moderator, will bring a challenge related to 
next year's Conference theme. Since 1989 Rev. 
Gordon has served as Director of Home Missions 
and Church Growth for the Missionary Board of 
the Brethren Church. Prior to 1989 he pastored 
churches in Bradenton, Fla; Fort Scott, Kans; and 
Williamstown, Ohio. 

JulVAugust 1993 

General Conference Preview 

General Conference Auxiliaries 

Woman's Missionary Society, Brethren Men of Mission, and National Association of 
Brethren Church Elders sessions during General Conference are scheduled for 1 1 :00 a.m. 
Tuesday, 2:30 p.m. Wednesday, and 1:30 p.m. Thursday. In addition, a luncheon for the 
women and a picnic for the men are planned for noon Wednesday. (Reservations for these 
meals should be made using the Conference registration form included in the June issue.) 

Woman's Missionary Society 

"Witnessing With Power" will be the theme for 
the Woman's Missionary Society Conference ses- 
sions. Charlene Rowser will present devotions re- 
lated to this theme at each session. Sandra Meds- 
ger will serve as song leader and Marjorie Bennett 
as pianist. 

The Tuesday morning session will feature a mes- 
sage by National W.M.S. President Shirley Black. 
It will also include greetings from missionaries and 
special music from the New Lebanon W.M.S. 

Back by popular request for the luncheon on 
Wednesday will be Suzanne Barr of Mansfield, 
Ohio. Women who attended the W.M.S. luncheon 
at the 1988 Conference and heard Ms. Barr's 
hilarious account, "Suzy Kay Goes to Conference," 
will look forward to hearing her presentation this 
year — "Suzy Kay Returns to Conference." Special 
music for the luncheon will be presented by April 
Lowmaster, and the Nappanee Society will be in 
charge of receiving the project offering. 

Election of officers and other business will be 
conducted Wednesday afternoon. The session will 
also include special music by Jill and Kevin Van- 
Duyne and a memorial service led by the Central 

During the Thursday afternoon session, the 
Thank Offering will be received, with the Sarasota 
W.M.S. in charge. The session will also include spe- 
cial music by Joan Ronk and the installation of 
officers. (See page 3 of The Woman's Outlook Newsletter 
in the center of this issue for more information about the 
W.M.S. Conference sessions.) 

Brethren Church Elders 

During their Tuesday session, elders will have an 
opportunity to hear, and perhaps ask questions of, 
David Bryant, the General Conference speaker. 

At noon on Wednesday, the elders are invited to 
join the Brethren Men of Mission for a picnic at 
Ashland Theological Seminary. No elders' session 

A Conference Extra 

A "timeout" will be called at 11:15 a.m. of the Wednes- 
day business session for Conference attenders to go to 
Ashland Theological Seminary for a special event. At 
1 1 :30 a.m. the seminary will dedicate the Flora Archaeo- 
logical Center in honor of Dr. Delbert Flora, retired pro- 
fessor and dean of the seminary, and his wife Romayne. 

is plannned on Wednesday following the picnic. 

On Thursday afternoon the elders will hold their 
election of officers, hear pastors' conference reports 
and other reports, and conduct other business. 
Time will also be given for memorials to elders who 
have passed away in recent months. (Elders are 
asked to bring these in writing.) 

Brethren Men of Mission 

The Men of Mission will concentrate on business 
during their Tuesday session. A visit to the Flora 
Archaeological Center is planned following the pic- 
nic on Wednesday. And in addition to finishing 
buisness during the Thursday session, the men will 
also receive reports of their 1992 work projects at 
the Gretna Brethren Church, Northview Brethren 
Life, and Riverside Christian School. Final details 
of the Men of Mission sessions were not yet avail- 
able at press time. 

Conference Workshops 

Five workshops are planned for this year's General 
Conference. David Bryant, will lead a workshop Tues- 
day morning at 8:30 for the entire Conference body on 
the subject of prayer. This will be in preparation for 
the concert of prayer that Bryant will lead on Tuesday 

Four additional workshops, as follows, are scheduled 
for Tuesday afternoon at 3:15: 

Planning Your Retirement Years and Beyond, led by 
Paul Ditlevson and sponsored by Ashland Theological 
Seminary. This workshop is aimed at helping individuals 
plan for their retirement years through wills, trusts, and 
life income agreements. 

Spiritual Wellness: The Journey Toward Wholeness, 
led by Carolyn Cooksey and Dr. Jerry Flora and spon- 
sored by the Spiritual Formation Commission of The 
Brethren Church. This workshop will inform and inspire 
those who attend concerning the spiritual disciplines 
and a life of prayer. 

Developing Evangelistic Leaders Through Evan- 
gelism Explosion, led by Ken and Pam Ingold and spon- 
sored by the Leadership Development Commission of 
The Brethren Church. The goal of this workshop is to 
demonstrate effective ways in which lay people can wit- 
ness to others. 

Models for Planting New Brethren Churches, chaired 
by Dr. Dale Staffer and sponsored by the New Church 
Development Commission of The Brethren Church. 
Several Brethren leaders will present models they have 
used or are planning to use in starting new Brethren 


The Brethren Evangelist 

CI publication, tffthe fyethren, Roman's Missionary Society 

July-August 1993 

Volume 6, Number 6 

7/te ^presidents ^m 

Dear Ladies, 

It's Springtime! The beautiful rays 
of the sun shine in through our win- 
dows. As welcome as the warming rays 
are, nevertheless, they show the 
winter's accumulation of dirt. Today 
we do not have to go through the or- 
deal of "spring cleaning," as our 
mothers and grandmothers did. It was 
a time of "turning out rooms" and 
general upheaval as the first sunny 
day of springtime arrived. Warm 
sunny days still give some of us the 
urge to wash windows, so we can see 
the sunshine at its fullest. I remember 
when I was a young bride — come 
spring and sunshine, and I was ready 
to clean from "top to bottom." Now it's 
done as I "get around to it." 

Springtime might be a good time for 
"spiritual" housecleaning. We all have 
things we can "clean up" or "get rid of" 
in our individual lives. Galatians 5:16 
tells us to "live by the Spirit, and you 
will not gratify the desires of the sinful 
nature." As we read on, we see listed 
the acts of the sinful nature. These 
sins are all too obvious to the world. 
Often they hinder our testimony. We 
often say "we are only human" and go 
on being a stumbling block. Let's not 
defend ourselves, but instead welcome 
the sunlight of God's gaze upon us and 
get on with our spiritual houseclean- 
ing, with the help of the Holy Spirit. 

Dave and Diane Kerner and their 3 
children have arrived safely in the 
States. I look forward to seeing them 
at National Conference in August, and 
I trust you will want to be there, too. 

Don't forget, we will have five mis- 
sionary families at Conference this 
year. You will not want to miss the 
chance to visit with all of them. 

It will soon be time for individual 
WMS groups to send in your reports to 
the general secretary, Grace Grum- 
bling. After she compiles all the infor- 
mation, she will send her report to the 
National Offices in Ashland to be 
printed in the program booklet for Con- 
ference. Every year we must wait for a 
(continued on page 4) 


by Polly Benshoff 

Text: "But let it (adorning) be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not 
corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of 
God of great price. " I Peter 3:4 

How important labels have become! 
Clothing labels, food labels, just every- 
thing we purchase has a label. That is 
good. However, God has a life plan, a 
direction for us, a way to live that is 
labeled the "Christian life." He has 
made every provision to bring His Plan 
about, yet we don't yield ourselves to 
Him and consequently cannot live the 
abundant life. 

Every Christian should manifest the 
fullness of the Holy Spirit in his or her 
life. We are commanded to be under 
His control continually. Paul ad- 
monishes us to keep on being filled 
with the Holy Spirit. If we carry out 
this admonition, a significant change 
will occur in our hearts that will be 
evident to others. 

Two ladies who worked in an office 
together used to wear little pins which, 
they said, "told the world they were 
Christians." "Well," another lady who 
worked with them said of herself, "I 
don't wear pins, but I know the Bible 
says I became the possessor of the 
Holy Spirit at the time I received 
Christ into my heart. And I pray that 
the 'pin' of my life will always clearly 
show forth His presence and power." 
That's where the "filling" should be 
evident — in our daily actions, words, 
and attitudes. 

Galatians 5 reminds us that love 
produced by the Holy Spirit (not self- 
effort) — joy, peace, longsuffering, 
goodness, faith, meekness and self-con- 
trol — are the qualities that tell others 
we are Christians. Every Christian 
needs the admonition of I Peter 3:4, 
"that we possess a meek and quiet 
spirit." If we carry out this admonition, 
a significant change will occur in our 
lives and hearts, so much so that it 
will be evident to others. 

What happens when one really 
hears the gospel and believes it, taking 

Jesus into your heart? Ephesians 1:13 
says, "Ye were sealed with the Holy 
Spirit of promise." It is the stamp of 
God upon our life that designates it as 
"God's property." So our life is not our 
own, nor our body our own. We've been 
purchased by Jesus' blood and sealed 
with the Holy Spirit of promise. Seeing 
then that the Holy Spirit's presence is 
within us, we know He will produce 
fruit and that fruit will be noticed by 
those with whom we live and work. 

We all fall short of a maximum yield 
of spiritual fruit and, for that reason, 
we must lean heavily upon God's 
Word. Study it, read it, read it, study 
it until it becomes a part of our talk, 
our thinking (mind), and our very life 

It takes perseverance and will- 
power. We must engage in these 
spiritual exercises, if we intend for our 
lives to show forth His presence 

Our life is given us to bring praise 
and glory to Christ, to honor and wor- 
ship Him. You don't advertise your 
religion by wearing a label. You do it 
by living a life! Galatians 5:25 reminds 
us, "If we live in the Spirit, let us also 
walk in the Spirit. Let us not be desir- 
ous of vain glory, provoking one another, 
envying one another." 

Prayer: Our heavenly Father, we 
praise Thee for Thy care and Thy 
blessings. In every circumstance Thy 
presence within us and around us has 
helped us. When we are weak, Thy 
strength has made us strong. When 
we are discouraged, Thou hast 
strengthened our faith. You know our 
needs and Thy Spirit guides us to be 
content and thankful for Your good- 
ness. Strengthen us with might by Thy 
Spirit in the inner man. In the name of 
Jesus, Amen. 

^district Qoituji 

The MATHIAS Church in West Vir- 
ginia hosted the Southeastern District 
Conference April 24. Mary Garver, 
WMS district vice president, presided 
and reported that Jean Shank led the 
ladies in a Concert of Prayer which 
was very meaningful. The ladies 
adopted a new goal, which is to spon- 
sor a monthly missionary emphasis for 
the entire church. This goal has good 
potential: it will emphasize the mis- 
sion outreach of the entire denomina- 
tion, inform the church about the 
specific mission fields, and indirectly 
"advertise" the local society. Their 
offering for the The Mountain View 
Church in Frederick, Maryland, com- 
pleted this 2-year project. The new 
project is the church in Krypton, Ken- 
tucky, where Jim and Lois Sluss serve. 
The local congregation is working on 
church renovation. 

The TUCSON societies hosted the 
district rally in January. The salad 
luncheon was attended by 32 ladies. 
Their student aid offering was desig- 
nated for Karen Robins, a member of 
the Tucson church attending Ashland 

Linda Marshall Findley from Casa 
Grande, Arizona, was the speaker for 
the rally. Following her graduation 
from college at the age of 19 with three 
degrees, she became a Christian. 
When she was 23, she worked in a 
leprosy hospital in Africa. Being very 
lonely, she began deep Bible study, 
then returned to the US. Through 
many difficult circumstances, she 
clung closely to God. Circumstances 
such as one husband who was emo- 
tionally distressed and committed 
suicide, a second husband who died 
suddenly from a heart attack, and 
finally her present husband. They 
have a blended family of six children, 
ages 5—12. What an inspirational 

The spring rally of the Ohio Miami 
Valley was held Saturday, April 17, at 
the GRATIS Brethren Church. Carolyn 
Boomershine reported that 32 ladies 
were registered. Assorted home-made 
cookies and beverages were given 
during registration. 

Ruth Focht, the Gratis president, 
welcomed the ladies and read the Love 
scripture, I Corinthians 13. Lucille 
Brandenburg was the song leader and 
Janell Kiracofe accompanied the group 
singing. A puzzle was given to each 
lady to complete and microwave cook- 
books were given to the 3 winners. 

The Stanze family (Don, the father, 
and daughters Becky, Debbie, and 
Melanie) sang several numbers. The 

Gratis Homemakers Club showed 
ideas for gift wrapping from scraps 
(paper, ribbons, etc.) for all seasons. It 
was original and very easy to do. 

Patti Bub, the Ohio district presi- 
dent, conducted the business meeting 
and Lucille Brandenburg gave the 
blessing for the meal. 

The afternoon entertainment was 
the Preble County Pride Cloggers; 
their leaders are Kenny and Donna 
Smith, members of the Gratis church. 
People of all ages danced. 

WMS ladies hosted the Northeast Ohio 
rally in April. This was a big undertak- 
ing, since, until recently, the society 
was inactive. 

We were welcomed with donuts and 
beverages and soft taped background 

The day's theme was Women's Well- 
ness, and so the folders of information 
we received when we registered con- 
tained information for the day — the 
program, song sheets, appropriate 
poems, and a pad for note-taking. 

Sherrie Gordon and Marty Weaver 
from the Garber Brethren Church 
played the organ and piano prelude 
and Marty accompanied the hymn 
singing. Dianne Brown, the Walcrest 
president, welcomed the ladies and 
called the roll of societies. In response, 
activities of each society were given: 
toy party with all gifts going to River- 
side Christian School, an auction and 
a Tupperware party, sale of homemade 
apple dumplings, sewing for nursing 
homes, a sunshine box for a shut-in, 
and a Joseph's robe project (sewing 
money in pockets). Both the North 
Georgetown and the Williamstown 
churches are celebrating their 100th 
anniversaries. North Georgetown is 
making a quilt, using a block from 
each church family. 

Devotions were given by Sally Nel- 
son and the ladies ensemble sang 
several special hymns. Sherrie Gordon 
reviewed helpful books from The 
Carpenter's Shop and suggested aug- 
menting your church library with 
books that help. 

Time was available after the buffet 
luncheon to browse the book table, 
have your blood pressure checked, and 
to visit. The afternoon speakers were 
introduced by Dianne. Physical well- 
ness was the topic of Dorothy Tasman 
from Mansfield General Hospital; 
Suzanne Barr, an investigator with 
Children's Services, spoke on Emotion- 
al Wellness; and Carolyn Cooksey, a 
recent graduate of Ashland Theologi- 
cal Seminary, spoke on Spiritual Well- 

ness. It was important to see how 
these facets of a person are linked and 
affect our being when one is out of 
balance. An informative question and 
answer period concluded their presen- 

Patti Bubb, the district president, 
received the project offering, which 
was designated for Tim and Jan Eagle's 
expenses. The offering amounted to 

Esther Metzler wrote of the 
benevolent work from the SARASOTA 
society. They contribute for kitchen 
supplies for the new church kitchen; 
and each month send many soup 
labels to Riverside Christian School; 
visits and food to the shut-ins and in 
February valentines and bookmarks. 
They contributed food to the Sarasota 
All-Faiths food bank, and supplied 
food for those who went to Homestead 
to work after the hurricane. One of the 
helpers was from the Sarasota society. 
The ladies help in the church office 
and clean the Sunday school rooms 
weekly. They give a rosebud and card 
to the WMS ladies who experience ill- 
ness or a death in their family. 

Across the country to TUCSON, 
Marie Fanning sends greetings from 
the Southwest District. The societies 
sponsor spring and fall rummage sales 
and use the proceeds for camp projects 
and scholarships. The Faith, Hope, 
and Charity society sends monthly 
support for an Indian evangelist and 
the E.V.E. society supports an Indian 
orphan girl. The leader for the month 
writes to the Missionary of the Month; 
their responses are interesting, infor- 
mative, and appreciated. Shirley 
Black, the national president, accom- 
panied Jim for the Missionary Con- 
ference and met with the ladies. 

The POWER society at NORTH- 
WEST Church sponsored a parking lot 
sale for their church projects. 


Published bimonthly in January, 
March, May, July, September, and 
November by the Woman's Missionary 
Society of The Brethren Church. 

Mrs. Dorman Ronk, Editor 

1325 Carriage Hill Court 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Subscription price, $7.50 per year in 

Send all subscriptions to Mrs. Robert 
Kroft, 608 Twp. Road 1151, RD 5, Ash- 
land, OH 44805 

Woman's Outlook Newsletter 


From the Mary and Martha Society 
at the BETHLEHEM Church in Har- 
risonburg, Virginia, Susan Kidd wrote 
about the special visitor who attended 
their Mother-Daughter get together. 
The guest was Lydia, seller of purple, 
who challenged the ladies to be used 
wherever they are, at home, work, or 

From HUNTINGTON, Indiana, 
Roxie Stahl reported. Saturday morn- 
ing, May 8, 50 mothers, daughters, 
and guests enjoyed a brunch and the 
program that was presented by Kelly 
Greene, of Holland, Michigan. Kelly 
attended the Huntington Church when 
she was a child. 

A graduate of Ball State University 
with a major in speech and theater, 
Kelly's experiences with university 
and community theater, coupled with 
her enthusiasm and natural talent, 
delighted her audience. She accom- 
panied herself on the guitar while 
sharing songs and stories, including 
"Desert Pete," two King Solomon 
stories, "The Baker's Bread" and "Old 
Joe and the Carpenter." Other songs 
were "Standing on the Promises," 
"There ought to be a Hall of Fame for 
Mothers," her original "Momma Lise," 
and "The Arrow and the Bow." 

Pat Lusch and Marjorie Teusch, 
mother and daughter, sang a duet. 
Mother and daughter responses by 
Carol Oliver and her daughters, Jenny 
and Dianna Gurtner, were enjoyed. 

"Stages of a Woman," a clever 
presentation of flowering plants, was 
given by Wanda Armantrout, Marjorie 
Teusch, and Dianna Gurtner, program 
committee members. 

The hot pink petunia centerpieces 
were awarded to eight guests; favors 
were original refrigerator magnets 
designed with a message of God's love. 

The Mother and Daughter dinner at 
ASHLAND Park Street carried the 
theme "Christian Pattern for Living." 
Following the dinner served by the 
men, the program was in Karen's 
Fabric Shop, usually called the 

The program was the "instruction 
sheet" inside the cleverly designed pat- 
tern envelope, although Shirley Black, 
the pattern mistress, introduced each 
"piece" of the pattern. Original mother 
and daughter poems were given by 
Gaylene and Daria Kennelly; DeAnn 
and Geneva Oburn sang a duet, and 
Katrina Satterfield played a flute solo 
accompanied by her mother, Sarah 

The skit in Karen's Fabric Shop was 
given by Karen Little, proprietor, and 

July-August 1993 

Laura Mae Riffle and Alberta Hol- 
singer, customers. The stage resembed 
a "real" store with wall hangings and 
many bolts of fabric. As the customers 
shopped and were inspired by bolts of 
old fabrics, they reminisced about 
those who had touched and influenced 
their lives: parents, teachers at school 
and in church, and neighbors. 

The program concluded with the 
original poem "Pattern for Living" by 
Alberta Holsinger. The committee in- 
cluded ladies from the three societies. 

Pattern For Living 

Father God, your perfect pattern I see 
For Christian living all around me. 
In the vast, spacious expanse of sky, 
In the sun of day, the stars of night, 
In the happy songs of birds nearby, 
In the scents and colors of flowers 

Lord God, You are surely there. 

Your pattern is everywhere. 
In a teacher's quiet way of life, 
In a friend's reassuring embrace, 
In the calm manner of a preacher's 

In a mother's tender, loving face, 

Lord God, You are surely there. 

Your pattern is everywhere. 
In the honest ways our loved ones 

In a father's commitment to family, 
In a grandfather's covenant with God, 
In a child's promise to faithful be, 

Lord God, You are surely there. 

Your pattern is everywhere. 
In the outright acceptance by kin, 
In a grandmother's complete devotion, 
In the joy and peace I feel within, 
In my Savior's love without condition, 

Lord God, You are surely there. 

Your pattern is everywhere. 

Alberta Holsinger 
April 1993 


Prasanth and Nirmala Kumar of 
India are grandparents! Shanthi and 
her husband, Vincent Edwin, had a 
baby girl March 26 and named her 
Shirley-na, after "Aunt" Shirley Black. 

Another new missionary baby is 
Amy Giselle Fuentes, born May 4 to 
Mario and Laura Fuentes of the 
Centro Cristiano Para La Familia, in 
Pasadena, California. 

The Eagles and Ruggles have moved 
to Mexico City and are anxious to be 
about the Lord's ministry in that great 
city. Anticipate exciting reports from 
them as well as the Kerners, 
Aspinalls, and Bill Winter at General 
Conference. Sharon Winter will be in 
school in Tucson and unable to attend 

Continue to pray for Allen Baer, who 
assumes greater responsibilities in 
Argentina, since the Aspinalls and 
Winters are in the States. 

Give your prayers and support to 
Daniel and Kathy Rosales in Sarasota. 
The growth of the Hispanic congrega- 
tion is amazing. 

In 1991 they began to use the 
Sarasota Brethren Church, since their 
former building was too small. And 
they continued to grow! 

This spring they purchased a church 
building which is officially The His- 
panic Brethren Church in Sarasota, 
Florida. Pray for these Brethren, pas- 
tored by Daniel. 

Part of their outreach is a day care 
center at this site. Pray, also, for more 
parents to enroll their children and for 
the staff. 

At this time, details are indefinite 
for the future plans of Aspinalls and 
Winters. Continue to uphold them in 
your prayers. 

A Preview of the WMS Conference 

1. The meetings will be Tuesday, 
11-12; Wednesday, 2:30-4:30; Thurs- 
day, 1:30-3:00. 

2. The luncheon is Wednesday, 
12:30-2:30; the cost is $6.75. Suzy Kay 
returns to Conference, so be prepared 
to laugh. 

3. District presidents will receive 
devotional books and membership lists 
for each society. Local presidents are 
asked to correct that same list and 
return it with your dues to Joanne 
Kroft, 608 Twp. Road 1151, RD 5, Ash- 
land, Ohio 44805. This method seems 
so efficient, we wonder why we didn't 
think of it sooner! 

4. There will be no quilt to be quilt- 
ed, but there will be an auction of a 
9-patch quilt, which the Berlin, Penn- 
sylvania, society made, and tote bags. 

5. The project offering will be re- 
ceived during the luncheon. Remember 
it is for the girls' orphanage in India. 
This completes the second year for the 

6. The thank offering will be 
received Thursday and is designated 
for benevolences: world and home 
missions, campus ministry, Riverside 
Christian School, and a scholarship for 
a young woman attending Ashland 


At the May board meeting, the WMS 
executive committee recommended the 
following list of books for your reading 
during 1993-94. We suggest you read 
a minimum of two books for Christian 
growth. The books will be available at 
General Conference. 


GOD CAME NEAR by Max Lucado; 

A fresh and wonderful look at the 
life of the Savior. A book that is not 
just another volume of information 
about the life of Christ, but one that 
brings you into an encounter with the 
Master Himself. 

Christian Novel 

by Lori Wick; $6.99 

Nostalgic fiction at its best. Will 
Katlin recognize God's unexpected gift 
of love? Can she trust Him in all things? 

Christian Concerns 

GENTLY TOUCH by Hilda Stahl; 

Tackling one of today's most emo- 
tional issues, Hilda Stahl writes of a 
young woman, abused and battered, 
coming to grips with her bitterness 
and, in the process, learning to love 
again and to forgive. 

Mary Rose McGeady; $4.00 

The shocking story of America's 
homeless kids. 

Early Christians 
MOSES by Lillian Cantleberry; $5.95 
A fast-moving and fascinating biog- 
raphy of a very significant biblical man. 

Christian Living 

NEIGHBORHOOD by Ken Jones; $8.99 

God loves to walk in your neighbor- 
hood and mine. He always has. God is 
always interested in touching, talking 
to, and interacting with His creations. 

GIFTED HANDS by Ben Carson 
with Cecil Murphey; $5.99 

The inspiring story of an intercity 
kid with poor grades and little motiva- 
tion who, at age 33, became director of 
pediatric neurosurgery at Johns Hop- 
kins University Hospital. 


BORDEN OF YALE by Mrs. Howard 
Taylor; $3.99 

His arrival in Egypt in 1913 was 

^'Editor's Bicbw 

Dear Friend, 

My mailbox has welcomed lots of let- 
ters from you this spring and I am 
glad to share the information with you. 
I hope you get some good ideas from 
other societies which you can use in 
your group. If you want more informa- 
tion, contact the local president listed 
in the January-February Newsletter. 
Addresses are in the Directory issue. 

Do you ever really look at your key 
ring? For more than finding the correct 
key needed for a specific purpose? 

On my key ring are keys for the 
house, office, the car door and tailgate, 
a disc indicating my blood type, and a 
small silver-colored cross. I keep my 
keys in the side pocket of my purse, 
automatically dropping them in or 
pulling them out as needed. 

This spring I was aware one morn- 
ing the "thing" that I had in my hand 
as I took the keys from my purse was 
the cross. This occurred five consecu- 
tive mornings. I think nothing of it 
when I regularly pull out the gimmick 
from the dealer on my key ring, but 
the cross was different. 

This was significant. For several 
months I have had three specific 

(continued from first column) 

tragically marked by his contracting 
cerebral meningitis. His untimely 
death at 25 was covered by every 
newspaper in the United States as a 
testimony for Christ. 

Near the WMS reading table will be 
other very good books by Jim Black 
and Julie and Jerry Flora. A few WMS 
reading circle books from other years 
and former Sisterhood of Mary and 
Martha books may be purchased at 
reduced costs. 

President's Pen (continued) 

few late reports, but this year we hope 
you will send your report in on time, so 
our booklets are ready for Conference. 
If you want your group listed, please 
send your report in by June 30 to 
Grace, 114 Cambridge Road, Johns- 
town, PA 15905. We do appreciate 
your cooperation. 

Anticipate a spiritually filled Gen- 
eral Conference. David Bryant will be 
the guest speaker and will instruct in 
and conduct the Concerts of Prayer. 

I look forward to seeing you at Con- 
ference in August. 

In Christian Love, 
Shirley Black 

prayer concerns. One answer is still on 
hold, the second is being answered 
"yes" slowly, and the third — that 
decision was being made that week 
when I held the cross in my hand. I 
was sure the Lord and I were on the 
same wavelength. 

But, at the end of the week, the 
answer was no. 

I was disappointed. However, the 
cross in my hand reminded me that 
the Lord is in control of my day and of 
those decisions which are so impor- 
tant. And I remembered, "And we know 
that all things work together for good 
to them that love God, to them who are 
the called according to His purpose" 
Romans 8:28. Not only the decision 
that was made that day, but all things. 

I can see only a very short distance 
compared with God's vision ad in- 
finitum. I know there is something bet- 
ter than what I wanted. God is in 
control and I'm thankful. 

It's time to evaluate your society's 
accomplishments for the year. It's a 
good time to see areas where you are 
weak and make plans now for more 
diligence next year. WMS is not 
governed by rigid rules, but simple 
ABC's are suggested for spiritual 
growth for yourself and for your 
society. The goals are guidelines for 
assuming responsibility within the 
church and within the denomination. 
In this group you can help World 
Relief, home and foreign missions, 
educational interests such as Riverside 
Christian School, the Seminary, Cam- 
pus Ministry, and a young woman at 
Ashland University. Opportunities for 
service at home are unlimited. Share 
this time with others. 

When groups meet within your 
church for a Bible study or for craft 
work, invite them to join you and learn 
from them. Share your joy in the Lord. 
The purpose is to strengthen the 
church, both locally, denominationally, 
and around the world. 

The theme for next year's WMS 
study is "Living for Jesus." Jan Sul- 
livan invited people living around the 
world to write the studies. They will be 

Have you stopped to think where in 
the world is WMS? In Argentina, 
Colombia, India, Malaysia, and across 
the United States. By being a member, 
you are joining your world-wide 
sisters. What a wonderful family! 

Your friend, 


Woman's Outlook Newsletter 

General Conference Preview 

General Conference Business 

Major items of business for this year's General Conference will include the following: 

• Election of officers and committees (see list of nominees on following page). Nominations from the floor 
will be received on Tuesday afternoon, and the election will be held Wednesday morning. 

• Three General Conference Executive Council recommendations (see below). Discussion of these recom- 
mendations is scheduled for Wednesday morning. 

• Discussion of "How Brethren Understand the Bible," prepared by the Committee on Doctrine, Research, 
and Publication. This discussion is scheduled for Thursday morning. (Delegates are urged to request a 
copy of this document, which was sent to pastors and other church leaders with the June 4 Leadership 

General Conference Executive Council Recommendations 

Recommendation 1 — National Office 
Organization and Finances 


The Brethren Church, Inc., is facing a serious financial 
challenge. GCEC has adopted a working budget for 1993 
that includes a projected loss of over $40,000. We an- 
ticipate growing deficits in future years. 

Since 1984, giving by churches and individuals has held 
steady, averaging about 69% of full support. Increases in 
the fair share support figure (presently $31 per Church 
Growth Index unit, last increased in 1992 from $29) have 
generated more money but not an increase in the percent- 
age of full support given. We recognize that the small size 
of many Brethren churches (one-half averaged 62 or less 
in worship attendance in 1992) limits the amount of finan- 
cial support they can reasonably be expected to provide. 

Fortunately, we have experienced a low inflation rate 
during these years. But the value of the dollars given is 
steadily decreasing. So, while we are receiving about the 
same dollar amount of financial support each year, those 
dollars do not go as far toward meeting expenses. 

During the three years since the merger of several 
cooperating boards with The Brethren Church, we have 
been able to nearly balance our operating budget each year 
(only .7% total operating loss for 1990-1992). This has 
been possible through careful spending and limiting our 
ministry (the one exception being the three-year evan- 
gelism process, Passing On the Promise, which begins this 
year). Since 1976, we have reduced both the executive 
level staff and total full-time staff in the Brethren Church 
National Office (and the equivalent former cooperating 
boards) by 40%. 

GCEC has studied two solutions to this financial 
dilemma — increasing support and decreasing expenses. 

One approach to increasing support would be to increase 
the fair share support figure. An increase of $6-9 per 
Church Growth Index unit would be required to cover the 
anticipated shortfall for 1994. But we believe any increase, 
and particularly such a large one, would have a negative 
impact on many Brethren churches that are already strug- 

gling just to get by financially during tight economic times. 

Another approach to raising support is to begin a con- 
certed planned giving emphasis (including current and 
deferred gifts). While that would offer valuable long-term 
advantage and will be investigated, it would not benefit 
soon enough to solve our short-term problems. 

The alternative to raising income is to cut expenses. In 
maintaining a nearly balanced budget the past few years, 
we have pruned everything possible short of eliminating 
major programs and personnel. 

The Brethren Church has some reserves to cover a 
budget deficit. However, if we continue on our present 
course, we estimate that our reserves will be exhausted by 
the end of 1995. We feel it would be poor stewardship to 
needlessly delay action to correct this financial situation. 

Therefore, we are recommending several actions that 
will result in a downsizing of the Brethren Church National 
Office. Considering these proposed reductions has been 
painful to us. Many denominations today are experiencing 
similar financial difficulties and are downsizing national 
operations. But we feel the impact deeply because of our 
small size and the kinship we feel with our national staff. 

The time has come to take bold steps to address these 
financial concerns. We recognize that, through enactment 
of these changes, we may not be able to accomplish all that 
we might hope for during the short term. However, we be- 
lieve the proposals will allow us to do the most important 
things — to maintain our unity and vision as a denomina- 
tion and to keep us working together toward the priorities 
to which God has called us. At the same time, we believe 
these proposals are fiscally sound and will make us more 
faithful stewards of the resources God has provided us. 

Details of the Recommendation 

Therefore, we recommend that the following proposals 
be fully implemented by September 1, 1994: 

1. The Brethren Church employ only one full-time 
executive to lead the church and manage the national 

This executive would take the place of the three present 
executive level positions: Director of Pastoral Ministries, 
Director of Brethren Church Ministries, and Editor of Pub- 

July/August 1993 


lications. A timetable for employing the new executive and 
bringing to conclusion the work of present executives is in 
the process of being established. 
Responsibilities of the new executive would include: 

a. Giving visionary leadership to the church and leading 
us corporately toward fulfilling our present and future 

b. Leading Brethren Church ministries and managing 
the national office; 

c. Coordinating pastoral care ministries and congrega- 
tional relations (see #2 below); 

d. Directing communications for the church, including 
The Brethren Evangelist. 

The Brethren Church has in the past employed a single 
executive for the national office. While having one execu- 
tive does not offer the diversity of staffing we might desire, 
it would cover our most immediate needs. We are com- 
mitted to continuing some ministries (such as Passing on 
the Promise, World Relief, National BYIC, and the Cru- 
sader Program) and national office services. We will be 
reviewing these as well to make them as effective and 
efficient as possible. 

2. Primary responsibility for pastoral care and 
pastoral/congregational relations be redirected to the 

Districts would be encouraged to establish a district 
elder position (similar to Indiana or Midwest districts) or a 
regional elder (jointly with other districts) to do the on-site 
tasks of the present DPM. Responsibilities of the present 
DPM that would be assigned to the executive proposed in 
part 1 include: 

a. Coordinating the work of district/regional elders and 
an annual retreat for them; 

b. Recruiting suitable persons for pastoral ministry in 
The Brethren Church, in cooperation with the seminary; 

c. Chairing and coordinating the work of the National 
Ordination Council; 

d. Receiving and distributing resumes to district/ 
regional elders. 

3. Brethren Church ministry commissions be discon- 
tinued after the 1993 General Conference. 

The present commission structure is expensive because 
the commissions are ongoing bodies supported by the na- 
tional budget and they generate programs which also must 
be funded. Under this proposal, GCEC would continue to 
lead the church in the priorities established by General 
Conference. Commission chairpersons would be retained 
for one year as a resource to GCEC. 

Self-supporting focus groups could be formed to assist 
GCEC, made up of people with interest and skills in par- 
ticular areas. Rather than creating programs, emphasis 
would be placed on helping districts and churches network 
with Brethren people who have specific expertise in par- 
ticular ministries. 

Full support for Passing On the Promise would continue 
through the three-year process, with the POtP National 
Coordinator and Field Staff giving leadership. 

4. Our primary communication vehicle, The 
Brethren Evangelist, be redesigned and focused to 
reach a wider portion of the church. 

With a downsizing of the national office, the Evan- 

Nominees for General Conference 
Executive Council 

The following candidates have been submitted by the 
Nominating Committee. Those elected will serve a 
three-year term on the Executive Council. One person 
will be elected for each position. Delegates will have 
opportunity to make nominations from the floor on 
Tuesday afternoon. Before persons may be nominated 
from the floor, they shall have given prior consent 
(preferably in writing) to those making the nominations. 

Moderator-Elect (Moderator in 1994-95) 

Nominees were still being chosen at the time of pub- 

Member At-Large 

Gene Eckeriey, Mishawaka, Ind. Pastor of Mishawaka 
Community Brethren Church and Indiana District Elder. 

James Rowsey, Orrville, Ohio. Pastor of Smithville 
Brethren Church and Ohio District Moderator. 

Brenda Shanholtz, Clear Spring, Md. Professional 
secretary. Deacon, Sunday school teacher, and Chris- 
tian education ministry member at St. James Brethren 

Robert Stahl, Ligonier, Pa. Pastor of Meyersdale 
Main Street Brethren Church. 

West Region Representative (Midwest, Northern 
California, and Southwest Districts) 

G. Emery Hurd, Cheyenne, Wyoming. Pastor of 
Cheyenne Brethren Church. 

Roger Stogsdill, Manteca, Calif. Pastor of Northgate 
Community Brethren Church. 

David West, Tucson, Ariz. Pastor of Northwest Breth- 
ren Chapel, 

Plains Region Representative (Central and Indiana 

To fill the 1 -year remaining of the term of the late 
Mark Baker) 

Jeanette Sullivan, MllledgevHIe, III. She was ap- 
pointed by GCEC to fill this position pending General 
Conference approval. 

Ashland University/Theological Seminary 

Dale Stoffer has been named by the university/sem- 
inary leadership as their nominee for representative on 
GCEC. Dr. Stoffer of Ashland, Ohio, is assistant profes- 
sor of Historical Theology at the seminary and was Gen- 
eral Conference moderator in 1 987-88. 

gelist becomes even more important as a means of creat- 
ing cohesiveness within the denomination. Presently only 
about one-third of Brethren homes receive the Evangelist. 
Redesigning the Evangelist would enable us to get it into 
every Brethren home at the current cost. 

Beginning with the January 1994 issue, the Evangelist 
would become an 8-page newsletter mailed to every 
Brethren family for whom we have an address. It would 
focus on developing vision for the denomination and 
would include articles/columns on issues most vital to the 
church plus denominational and local church news of 
broad interest. 

5. The Brethren Church ministries (Brethren 
Church National Office) fair share support figure be 
reduced from $31 to $25 for the year 1994. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

A downsized national office will require less funding 
from Brethren churches. The reduction in requested fan- 
share support for Brethren Church ministries (Brethren 
Church National Office) would make funds available at 
other levels for ministry priorities of the church. 

6. Beginning with the 1994 Conference, the General 
Conference credential fee be increased from $30 to $50 
per delegate to cover all costs of Conference, including 
administrative time to plan and prepare for it. 

The combination of an increase in credential fees and a 
decrease in requested fair share support would provide a 
net savings for those churches presently giving full support 
(30% of all Brethren churches). For churches giving sub- 
stantially less than full 100% fair share support, it may 
require an increase in giving. The 26 churches presently 
subscribing to the Evangelist for 100% of their members 
would also realize a substantial savings — the subscription 
fees paid for their members. 

This recommendation is scheduled for discussion Wed- 
nesday morning, August 4. We expect many will have 
comments, questions, or suggestions on this issue prior to 
that time. If so, please direct them to members of the 
General Conference Executive Council (GCEC) rather 
than to the national office staff. We also ask that all 
Brethren be in special prayer regarding this issue. 

GCEC recommends adoption and implementation of this 

Recommendation 2 — Possible 
Cooperative Ministry 

Denominations our size cannot accomplish every type of 
ministry we would like to attempt, or even every type we 
have done in the past. Cooperative ministry with another 
church on the denominational level would provide an ex- 
panded base of support and opportunity to offer a broader 

Therefore, GCEC recommends that General Con- 
ference elect a special seven-member committee (five 
elders, one layman, one laywoman) to explore the pos- 
sibility of closer ties and cooperative ministry with a 
like-minded denomination that shares our vision, such 
as the Brethren in Christ. 

We suggest the Brethren in Christ because of how much 
we share with them: Anabaptist and Pietist heritage, bap- 
tism by trine immersion, feetwashing, training of church 
leaders through Ashland Theological Seminary, and mem- 
bership in the National Association of Evangelicals. They 
have many churches in eastern Pennsylvania and Califor- 
nia where we have only a few. They have some churches 
in areas where we have smaller districts. 

We cannot predict the openness of the Brethren in Christ 
to developing a closer relationship with us or what form 
that relationship might take. The committee elected by 
General Conference would explore those possibilities and 
report its findings. General Conference would then decide 
what action should be taken. 

Recommendation 3 — Proposed 
1994 Local Church Goals 

The following goals have been prepared by the General 
Conference Executive Council (GCEC) and are recom- 

A Covenant from the Members of 

General Conference Executive Council 

Offered to Members of The Brethren Church 

In their desire to express their commitment to the 
denomination as a whole, the members of the General 
Conference Executive Council have adopted the follow~ 
ing covenant. It will become part of the installation of 
Executive Council members at General Conference. 

Whereas: We, the members of the General Confer- 
ence Executive Council, believe that those who are 
called to a position of leadership in the church of Jesus 
Christ are called as servant leaders; and 

Whereas: We believe that brothers and sisters in 
Christ must live and serve faithfully in order to be 
deserving of mutual trust; 

Therefore, be it RESOLVED: We, the members of 
the General Conference Executive Council, depending 
on the wisdom and power of God, hereby make this 
covenant with the members of The Brethren Church: 

1. We will strive to glorify and please God through 
everything we do in our duties as officers of this 
denomination and in our private lives. 

2. In our official work and decisions, we will consider 
the will of God and the interests of The Brethren Church 
as a whole, not our own personal benefit. 

3. We will be accountable to the members of The 
Brethren Church as they have expressed their will 
through the decisions of General Conference, 

4. We will diligently communicate with The Brethren 
Church at large and explain our actions with honesty 
and with as much openness as biblical principles allow. 

5. We will be open and responsive to all input, in- 
cluding criticism brought in love. 

mended for use by local churches. They reflect the mission 
statement of The Brethren Church and denominational 

1. New Church Development — study the possibility of 
beginning a new church by December 31, 1995, either 
singly or with one or more other congregations, with the 
cooperation of the national Missionary Board and the New 
Church Development Commission. 

2. Leadership Development — challenge and officially 
call at least one person/couple/family from the congrega- 
tion to prepare for or enter vocational ministry. 

3. On-Going Denominational Emphases — participate 
in all on-going denominational emphases, including the 

— Passing On the Promise 

— Ministry Recruitment Sunday (Sunday, June 5, 1994) 

— Registration of youth group with National BYIC be- 
tween September 1 and December 31, 1994 

— Full quota of delegates to district and General Con- 

— At least one fellowship event with one or more 
Brethren churches 

— An annual missionary conference 

— Send a report on at least one church event or an in- 
dividual during the year to The Brethren Evangelist 

4. Fair Share Support — budget full fair share support 
for each denominational ministry, sending support checks 

(continued at bottom of next page) 

July/August 1993 




Sarasota Hispanic Brethren Congregation 
Dedicates Its First Building on May 23rd 

Sarasota, Fla. — Iglesia de los Her- 
manos (the Hispanic Brethren Church 
in Sarasota) held a service of dedication 
on Sunday afternoon, May 23, for its 
first church building. 

Since its beginning as a Spanish Bible 
Class in 1979, the Hispanic congrega- 
tion had used the facilities of the Sara- 
sota First Brethren Church for its meet- 
ings. But in the last few years the con- 
gregation felt the need for a building of 
its own. The possibility of meeting this 
need began to be realized just under a 
year ago, when a suitable church build- 
ing came up for sale. 

The building, which sits on two acres 
of land, is located at 3150 44th Street, 
one of the major streets in Sarasota. It 
houses a worship area that will seat 
about 100 people, four classrooms, an 

office, and a kitchen. In addition to 
using the building for its worship serv- 
ices and other activities, the congrega- 
tion has started a day care in the facility. 

Purchase price was $195,000. Funds 
from the national Missionary Board's 
1993 Growth Partner Club Call will be 
used to help pay for the building. 

Rev. Daniel Rosales, pastor of the 
church, led the dedication program. Dr. 
J.D. Hamel, pastor of the Sarasota First 

Brethren Church during the 
beginning years of the Hispanic 
ministry, presented the message 
for the service. 

Also participating in the serv- 
ice were Kathy Rosales, Pastor 
Rosales's wife; Rev. Daniel 
Gray, current pastor of the Sar- 
asota First Brethren Church; 
Rev. Russell Gordon, director of 
Home Missions and Church 
Growth for the Missionary 
Board of the Brethren Church; 
Jan Solomon, who played an im- 
portant part in the beginning of 
the Hispanic ministry (see page 5); and 
Fernando Ahumada. 

Retired Brethren Missionary Rob 
Byler played the prelude and offertory 
for the service. Mark Ray, Director of 
Ministries and Youth at the Sarasota 
First Church, presented special music. 
Approximately 150 people attended 
the service, about half of whom were 
visitors. The visitors included members 
from all the Brethren churches in the 
Florida District, as well as from another 
Hispanic congregation in the area. 

A reception followed the service, fea- 
turing Hispanic foods prepared by the 
members of Iglesia de los Hermanos. 

GCEC Recommendations 

(continued from page 13) 
throughout the year, with final con- 
tributions for the year sent no later 
than December 26, 1994 (all figures 
are per Church Growth Index point): 
Brethren Church Ministries (in- 
cluding support for Summer 

Crusaders) $31.00 

World Relief 6.00 

Missionary Board 57.00 

Ashland University 10.00 

Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary 12.00 
Ministerial Student Aid 3.00 
Christian Campus Ministry 2.00 
(Note that recommendation 1 includes a pro- 
posal that would reduce the $31.00 Brethren 
Church Ministries amount above to $25.00.) 

GCEC recommends the adoption of 
these goals and their referral to local 
churches for consideration and im- 

Interior view of the building showing some of the dedication-day crowd Photo by Jan Solomon 

Lanark, III. — The 

First Brethren Church 
of Lanark entered the 
float at right in the 
town's annual Old Set- 
tlers Parade recently. 
The float featured 
Noah's Ark, with chil- 
dren from the Sunday 
school sitting around it. 
The motto was, "Sink in 
Sin or Swim in Him. " 

Photo by Sue Michael 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Centennial Celebration is Culmination of 
North Georgetown lOOth-year Observance 

North Georgetown, Ohio — The First 
Brethren Church of North Georgetown 
brought its ten-month centennial obser- 

Rev. Lynn Mercer makes a point during his centennial sermon. 

vance to culmination on Sunday, June 
20, with a Centennial Celebration. 

The celebration came 100 years and 
two days after the initial service was 
held in the first church building of the 
congregation. The church was estab- 
lished in the fall of 1892, but services 
were held in the North Georgetown 
Town Hall until the June 18, 1893, ded- 
ication of a church building. That build- 
ing is still the one in use, but a number 
of improvements and several additions 
have been made to it over the years. 

The speaker for the centennial service 
was Rev. Lynn Mercer, pastor of the 
Gretna Brethren Church near Bellefon- 
taine, Ohio. Rev. Mercer grew up in the 
North Georgetown Church and is the 
great-grandson of charter member 
Leander Stoffer. 

In his message Rev. Mercer reviewed 
the history of the church and spoke of 
the differences in 1893 between this 
congregation and the neighboring 
Church of the Brethren. He noted that 

the site for the church building was 
chosen because of the creek that runs 
next to the property, which was used in 
all seasons for baptizing. 
The present baptistry 
was built in 1979. 

A record crowd of 165 
people attended the cen- 
tennial worship service, 
including former mem- 
bers from as far away as 
Florida and Colorado. 
Many of those in attend- 
ance wore clothes rem- 
iniscent of those worn in 
the 1890's. 

Also present for the 
service were Brethren 
missionaries Dave (a 
former pastor of the con- 
gregation) and Diane 

Kerner. Diane presented special music 
during the worship service. Then at the 
old-fashioned fellowship meal that fol- 
lowed the service, Dave told about some 
of their experiences as missionaries in 
Colombia, South America. 

Also at the fellowship meal letters 
were read from several former pastors, 
including Dr. L.E. Lindower, Rev. Larry 
Baker, Rev. Jerald Radcliff, Rev. 
Thomas Shannon, Rev. Robert Hoff- 
man, and Rev. Bill Walk. 

The theme for the ten-month centen- 
nial observance was "Looking Back 
With Joy, Looking Forward With Hope." 
By all appearances, the congregation is 
making this theme a reality. According 
to Pastor Fred Brandon, "The [North 
Georgetown] church is alive and well 
with new families coming nearly every 
Sunday. . . . The congregation has a 
vision committee to explore ways of ex- 
pansion, and a new pastor's study and 
an addition to the parking lot have 
already been completed." 

— reported by Pastor Fred Brandon 

Rev. Fred Brandon in the pastor 's study, which was completely remodeled by the men of the 
church (new walls, ceiling tile, and carpet, and new oak furniture and bookshelves). 

Berlin Handbell Choir Holds 
Tenth Anniversary Reunion 

Berlin, Pa. — The Berlin Brethren 
Church handbell choir celebrated its 
10th anniversary on Sunday, May 23, 
with a reunion for past and present 

During the past ten years, the hand- 
bell choir has in fact become three choirs 
— junior, senior, and adult — and each 
of these groups presented special music 
during the May 23rd morning worship 

July/August 1993 

Following the service, a covered dish 
dinner was held for past and present 
members of the choirs and their fam- 
ilies. A total of 115 persons attended 
the dinner, including special guests 
M. Geneva Altfather, a faithful sup- 
porter of the choirs, and Mrs. Polly Ben- 
shoff, whose late husband Rev. St. Clair 
Benshoff served as interim pastor of the 
Berlin congregation in 1991. 

A program following the meal in- 
cluded a video presentation of choir 
events from the past ten years, much 
reminiscing, awarding of certificates to 
past and present ringers, and the 

presentation of a beautiful plaque to 
choir directors Norman and Joan Men- 

On June 29 the Senior Bell Choir 
traveled to Alfred University in Alfred, 
New York, to participate along with 
approximately 1,000 other handbell 
ringers from New York, New Jersey, 
and Pennsylvania in a handbell festival. 

— reported by Norman Menhorn, director 

Our spirituality can be compared to 
an airplane ride — the higher we rise, 
the smaller things on earth become. 

— The Lamplighter 



"Pass On the Promise" is Theme 
Of Indiana District Conference 

Shipshewana, Ind. — "Pass On the 
Promise" was the theme of the Indiana 
District Conference held June 4-5 at 
the Brethren Retreat Center at Ship- 

Rev. Brad Hardesty, pastor of the 
New Paris First Brethren Church, served 
as moderator. Attendance both Friday 
evening and Saturday was in the range 
of 150 persons. Seated delegates totaled 
141 present plus 10 elders in absentia. 

Following auxiliary meetings Friday 
afternoon, the conference officially 
opened Friday evening with a worship 
service and the moderator's address. 
Moderator Hardesty led the delegates 
in singing a number of contemporary 
choruses during the worship time, ac- 
companying the singing on his guitar. 
Other members of the district executive 
committee assisted with scripture and 
prayer. Hardesty then spoke on the con- 
ference theme, using theme verses 1 
Peter 2:9 and Jeremiah 1:5. 

Hardesty offered four suggestions for 
every Indiana District congregation as 

part of his address: (1) be involved in an 
evangelism/church growth process in 
1994; (2) send representatives to at 
least one evangelism/church growth 
training event in 1993-94; (3) offer an 
evangelism/church growth class in 
1993-94; and (4) read at least four books 
on evangelism and church growth in 
1993-94. All suggestions were sup- 
ported by the conference during the 
business session on Saturday. 

Also on Saturday, the conference 
adopted a 1994 budget that reduced the 
Unified Financial Budget support from 
each congregation from $23 to $21 per 
Church Growth Index point. The pro- 
posal also changed the support for the 
district elder position from $200 per 
congregation to $5 per index point. 

This change will enable the district to 
employ District Elder Gene Eckerley for 
one-half time service. In addition to con- 
tinuing and expanding his work in pas- 
toral and congregational care, Eckerley 
will help facilitate the work of the dis- 
trict board of directors and ministries. 

Lanark Church Welcomes 
Garretts as Pastoral Family 

Lanark, 111. — Members of the First 
Brethren Church made their new pas- 
toral family — James and Elizabeth 
Garrett and their children, Matthew 
and Lor a — feel welcome when they 
came to Lanark on Saturday, May 22. 

When the Garretts arrived, an un- 
loading crew was waiting to move their 
things into the parsonage, and supper 
was in the oven. Then during the wor- 
ship service the following morning, Bob 
Michael, chair of the pulpit committee, 

presented the Garretts a table full of 
groceries that had been contributed by 
the members of the congregation. 

A formal reception for the Garretts 
was held on Sunday, June 6, with more 
than 125 in attendance. This was also a 
reception for Rev. Robert Schubert, who 
is serving as associate pastor, and his 
wife Mayme. Rev. Schubert served as 
interim pastor for several months prior 
to Garrett's arrival. 

Jim Garrett is the son of Pastor and 
Mrs. Buck Garrett of the Bradenton, 
Fla., Brethren Church. Jim and his 
family went to Lanark from Ashland, 
Ohio, where Jim was a student at Ash- 
land Theological 

— reported by 
Sue Michael 

Lanark's new 
pastor, James 
Garrett (2nd 
from I.), and 
his wife 
Elizabeth with 
associate pastor 
(and former in- 
terim pastor) 
Rev. Robert 
Schubert and 
his wife Mayme. 

Photo by R. Guenzler 

The district Ministry of Pastoral and 
Congregational Care reported to the 
conference on progress on developing a 
consensus position on ordination and 
divorce. A proposed statement was dis- 
tributed to the conference, but no action 
on the statement was requested or 
taken. Instead, churches were asked to 
continue to study this issue during the 
coming year. 

A unique feature of the conference 
was a small-group discussion time on 
Saturday afternoon. Delegates were in- 
vited to join a discussion related to a 
ministry in which they are involved in 
their local church. Purpose of the dis- 
cussions was to share ideas, to celebrate 
victories, and to support one another in 
that area of ministry. Groups were 
formed around the ministries of fellow- 
ship and membership, worship and 
music, small group ministries, evan- 
gelism and outreach, deacons and 
deaconesses, and Christian education. 

Rev. James Thomas, pastor of the 
Loree First Brethren Church, was in- 
stalled as the new moderator. Newly- 
elected officers are Duane Dickson, 
moderator-elect; Ron Burns, secretary; 
John Long, treasurer; and Wood row 
Immel, statistician. 

According to the 1992 statistical report, 
the Indiana District has a total of 37 
congregations with a combined mem- 
bership of 4,377 and an average worship 
attendance of 3,691. Last year 235 
members were gained and 201 lost for a 
net gain of 34. 

— reported by Ronald W. Waters 

AU School of Education 
Accredited by NCATE 

Ashland, Ohio — Ashland University's 
School of Education and Related Profes- 
sions has been accredited by the Na- 
tional Council for Accreditation of 
Teacher Education (NCATE). 

Ashland University is one of the first 
private institutions in Ohio to be ac- 
credited by the NCATE under its new, 
more stringent standards. 

Accreditation by NCATE shows that 
the school has met national standards 
of excellence. The university's educa- 
tion graduates will have added prestige 
associated with their degrees by virtue 
of having attended a nationally ac- 
credited school. 

The NCATE report commended AU 
for "far exceeding" normal standards in 
two important areas of preparing school 
personnel: AU's relationship with 
schools and what it described as "an 
exceptional sequence" of field and clin- 
ical experiences. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 

Hi boys and girls! 

Have you ever gone fishing? My dad spends quite a bit of his spare time fishing at 
Lake Erie. Sometimes I am at his house when he comes home with all the fish he can 
catch for a day. I really get excited when he lets me take some fish home with me to eat. 
Boy, those fish are really tasty! 

Some of Jesus' disciples were fishermen. I'm sure they got really excited when they 
would pull in their fishing nets full of wonderful, delicious fish. Maybe this is why Jesus 
used fishing to explain one of the most important lessons in the Bible. 

While Jesus was walking along the Sea of Galilee, He met two fishermen who were 
brothers. Their names were Peter and Andrew. Jesus told them that if they would follow 
Him, He would make them fishers of men. Does that mean that they would be catching 
people with fishing poles? No, but it does mean that they would be "catching" people and 
helping them to know Jesus. Peter and Andrew were so excited about learning to know 
Jesus better and about helping others learn to know Him too that they quickly said yes! 

We need to remember that we should be like these two brothers. We should try to 
help other people know Jesus better. Is there someone you could invite to Sunday 
school who doesn't know Jesus? Wouldn't it be great if you could be one of Jesus' 
fishers of men?! 

Can you find these words in the 
box of letters below? 













L J O 








X A Y 








M N K 








B D B 








E R N 








E E H 








H W U 








G J A 


Use this code to decode the message 

below, which will help you remember what 

Jesus wants you to be. 

! @ # $ % Y & * ♦ ) { }*+?>< + = \ [ ] * • □ I 

▼ '♦-*%+ ? T * % + 

July/August 1993 



Former Cleveland Browns Player Addresses 
Brethren at Southeastern District Conference 

Mathias, W. Va. — Rickey Bolden, 
former professional football player for 
the Cleveland Browns and now pastor 
of the Washington, D.C., Brethren 
Church, was the inspirational speaker 
for the Southeastern District Con- 
ference held April 24 at the Mathias 
Brethren Church. 

Pastor Bolden left little doubt that he 
is on fire for God and determined to 
spread that fire in the Washington area. 
He has introduced a different style of 
worship and has initiated an "open 
door" policy at the church, inviting and 
welcoming various groups to worship 
and to make use of the church facility. 
As a result, the Washington Church, 
with but 38 members, is averaging 60 at 
its worship services, with 100 in atten- 
dance on Easter. 

Prior to the business session, District 
Moderator Pat Velanzon shared con- 
cerns, observations, and recommenda- 
tions. He commended the churches of 
the district that have joined the Passing 
On the Promise process, but expressed 
his concern that approximately half of 
the churches in the district decided not 
to be a part of the process. 

He also expressed concern at the lack 
of communication from the district 
boards to the district executive commit- 
tee and to the local congregations. To 
resolve this situation, he recommended 
that the chairs of the three district 
boards be members of the Executive 
Committee, and that quarterly meet- 
ings be held by the Executive Commit- 
tee, with a report of these meetings to 

be sent to each local church. This recom- 
mendation was later accepted by the 

The moderator also called upon the 
district Mission Board to be on the cut- 
ting edge of helping the district start 
new mission points, home churches, and 
outreach points. He challenged the dis- 
trict to have five of these combinations 
started within the next two years. 

He stressed the importance of prayer 
in making these things happen and 
recommended that all churches in the 
district participate in the National Day 
of Prayer on May 6, 1993, and the Breth- 
ren Day of Prayer on August 1, 1993. 

During the business session delegates 
approved an executive committee rec- 
ommendation to increase to 30 percent 
the share of the apportionment desig- 
nated for the district board of Christian 
education and to delete the eight per- 
cent designated for Campus Ministry. 

A recommendation to hold the district 
business conference in the fall and the 
spiritual conference in the spring (in- 
stead of vice versa) and to make the fall 
1993 conference a two-day (Friday eve- 
ning and Saturday) transition confer- 
ence for both inspiration and business 
was also approved. The fall gathering is 
scheduled for September 24—25 at the 
Waterbrook Brethren Church in Edin- 
burg, Va. 

Former Brethren missionary Mark 
Logan was installed as the new mod- 
erator. Newly elected (or re-elected) of- 
ficers are Rev. Mike Woods, moderator- 
elect; Odessa Shelton, secretary and 

The Brethren Evangelist: 
Just OUR Magazine? Or a Tool for Evangelism? 

Do you "recycle" your Christian 
magazines? Until recently, although 
it had been my habit to pass along to 
friends Focus on the Family and 
Today's Christian Woman, I must 
admit that I usually filed THE BRETH- 
REN Evangelist in my office just in 
case I needed an article for future 
reference. After all, the EVANGELIST is 
just for us, right? 

Perhaps not. THE BRETHREN EVAN- 
GELIST is an excellent source for 
updates on what is happening in the 
brotherhood. But that's just the be- 

Recently I was reading a copy on a 
flight from Florida to Michigan, when 

the woman seated next to me asked to 
borrow it. Two hours (and cover to 
cover) later, she became a subscriber. 

What kinds of people might be in- 
terested in reading our magazine? 
You'd be surprised. 

Backstage at a recent Michael W. 
Smith concert, I had the opportunity 
to give a copy of the EVANGELIST con- 
taining the late Mark Baker's story to 
Michael W. Smith himself. Mark had 
been to Smith's home just a year 
before his death. Michael was visibly 
moved by Mark's article. 

So read on, Brethren, and then pass 
it on! 

— Jan Solomon 

Dee Keplinger assistant; Christina 
Moyers, treasurer and Lois Hutzell, as- 
sistant. Seventy-seven delegates (13 min- 
isterial, 64 lay) and 50 youth attended 
the conference. 

According to the 1992 statistical 
report, the Southeastern District has 22 
congregations with a total membership 
of 1,609 and a combined average wor- 
ship attendance of 1,327. The district 
gained 105 members in 1992 and lost 
110 members for a net loss of 5. 
— written by the editor from Secretary Odessa 
Shelton 's minutes and district reports 

Gatewood Church Honors 
Pastor and Mrs. Bill Skeldon 

Oak Hill, W. Va. — A pastor apprecia- 
tion dinner and program were held 
June 6 at the Gatewood Brethren 

to honor 
Rev. Bill 
and his 
ing the 
bers of 

Rev. and Mrs. Bill Skeldon tt-ii 

Brethren Church, where Rev. Skeldon 
also serves as pastor. He has served 
both congregations for almost 18 years. 

A covered-dish dinner was provided 
by the members of the Gatewood 
Church. This was followed by an in- 
spirational service that featured guest 
singers as well as testimonies by mem- 
bers of both churches of their apprecia- 
tion and love for Pastor Skeldon and his 
wife. A love offering for Pastor and Mrs. 
Skeldon was received at the close of the 

Organizer of this event was Johnny 
Wimmer of the Gatewood Church. 

— report and photo by R. Rogusky 

Every week the population of the 
world increases by one Singapore, every 
month by two Hong Kongs, every year 
by five Taiwans, every ten years by one 
China. These are very serious statistics, 
because each [person] represents some- 
one for whom Jesus Christ died. 

— Rev. James Hudson Taylor III 

If you want to follow Jesus Christ, you 
must follow him to the ends of the earth; 
for that is where he is going. 

— Robert E. Speer 


The Brethren Evangelist 



The Williamstown, Ohio, First 
Brethren Church will celebrate its 
centennial anniversary on Sunday, Sep- 
tember 26, 1993. The day of celebration 
will include the morning worship serv- 
ice at ten o'clock, with Dr. Fred Finks, 
Vice President of Ashland Theological 
Seminary, giving a message; a carry-in 
dinner at noon; and a service of tes- 
timony and praise at 1:00 p.m. Pastor 
Eugene Oburn and the Williamstown 
congregation invite all who can make it 
to come and be a part of the celebration. 

Gene A. Geaslen, on May 17, as- 
sumed the position of administrator at 
Grace Brethren Village, a health-care 
and retirement facility in Englewood, 
Ohio. Geaslen served for 17 years as 
administrator of the Brethren's Home 
in Flora, Ind. He is an active member of 
The Brethren Church and currently 
serves on the Boards of Directors of 
Brethren Men of Mission, the Brethren 
Printing Company, and the Brethren 
Care (of Ashland) Foundation. 

Worship services of the Oak Hill, W. 
Va., First Brethren Church are ap- 
pearing on a local television channel. 
The church is included in a project spon- 
sored by a local funeral home in which 
area church services are videotaped on 
Sunday morning, then shown on tele- 
vision the following Monday. One church 
service from the community is video- 
taped each Sunday on a rotating basis, 
and a service of the Oak Hill Brethren 
Church was the third to be broadcast. 
This videotape was made of the service 
on May 30, and the report is that all 
went well and that it was a nice exper- 
ience. Making the occasion even more 
special was the first appearance in the 
congregation that day of Pastor and Mrs. 
Bill Skeldon's newest granddaughter, 
Suzanne Rebecca Skeldon (daughter of 
Matthew and Jane Skeldon), who was 
born just nine days earlier (May 21). 

A "slam-dunk for religious free 
speech" was scored recently, according 
to Insight, the newsletter of the Public 
Affairs Office of the National Association 
for Evangelicals, when the Supreme 
Court unanimously held that a church 
was entitled to rent public school facili- 
ties on the same basis as nonreligious 
groups. In Lamb's Chapel v. Center 
Moriches Union Free School District, 
the Court ruled that Lamb's Chapel 
could not be denied equal access to 
school property because it wanted to 
present films with a religious perspec- 
tive (a James Dobson film series). Other 

A Small Girl With a Big Wish 

Vandergrift, Pa. — Pam Hockenberry 
of the Pleasant View Brethren Church 

second in 
her fifth- 
class at 
in an "If 
I Had a 


Pam Hockenberry 

What is her wish? To be a Brethren 

Here is her essay: 
If I had a wish, it would be ... to be a 
pastor. I could go to hospitals and 
preach to people. Not just any preacher 
— a Brethren pastor. I have a feeling this 
wish will come true. I want this wish and 
I hope I can go to Ashland University. 
This is a big wish, but I can handle it. 

groups, including those presenting 
secular programs on the family, were 
welcome. This is a significant ruling for 
the Brethren denomination, since 
Brethren home mission churches often 
hold their first services in schools. 

In Memory 

Ruth E. (Solomon) Coleman, 71, June 24. 
Member of the Ashland Park Street Brethren 
Church, where she participated in the Berean 
Sunday school class and was active in the World 
Relief sewing group. Services by Dr. Charles 
Munson and Associate Pastor Randy Saultz. 
Dennis H. Grumbling, 33, June 11. The son of 
Rev. and Mrs. Alvin Grumbling, Dennis was a 
former member of the Flora First Brethren 
Church, where his father is the pastor. He served 
as a Summer Crusader in 1978. Services by W. 
Vyhmeister, assisted by Rev. Alvin Grumbling. 
Mark L. Flory, 75, June 9. Member since 1954 
of the Dayton Hillcrest Brethren Church, where 
he served as a deacon and as hospitality chairman 
and building maintenance supervisor. Services in 
West Milton, Ohio. 

Wayne C. Merboth, 80, June 8. Member of the 
Lanark First Brethren Church. Services by Rev. 
Robert Schubert and Pastor James Garrett. 
Richard S. Murray, 76, June 8. Member of the 
St. James Brethren Church. Services by Pastor 
Brian Moore. 

Grace Marie Solomon, 95, June 5. Member of 
the Ashland Garber Brethren Church and active 
in the World Relief sewing group of the Ashland 
Park Street Brethren Church. Mrs. Solomon was 
the mother of eight children, including Brethren 

July/August 1993 

pastor Rev. George Solomon (deceased) and 
Brethren missionary Rev. Kenneth Solomon. 
Services by Dr. Arden Gilmer, Rev. Ralph Gib- 
son, and Dr. Leroy Solomon (her grandson). 
Irene Felthouse, 80, June 1. Member for 21 
years of the Elkhart First Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Timothy P. Garner. 
Dortha Moore, 81, June 1. Member for 60 years 
of the Warsaw First Brethren Church. Services 
by Rev. Paul Tinkel. 

Donald Mentzer, 23, May 14. Member of the 
Fairless Hills-Levittown Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor C. William Cole. 
Joyce Gheen, 54, April 30. Member of the 
Covenant Community Brethren Church of 
Fredericksburg, Va. Mrs. Gheen was the wife of 
Rev. Ernest Gheen, pastor of the Covenant Com- 
munity Church. They were the parents of two 
daughters, Kathy (Musser) and Karla. Services 
by Rev. Albert Huston, pastor of the Dranesville 
Church of the Brethren (Joyce's home church). 


Kristine Dittmar to Jason Janssen, June 26, at 
the Milledgeville Brethren Church; Pastor Ken- 
neth Sullivan, officiating. Bride a member of the 
Milledgeville Brethren Church. 
Renea Iske to Brad Witt, June 19, at the Lanark 
First Brethren Church; Rev. Jerry Witt officiat- 

ing, assisted by Pastor James Garrett. Members 
of the Lanark First Brethren Church. 
Shanna Sparrow to Darren Dutton, May 8, at 
the Warsaw First Brethren Church; Pastor 
Mitchell Funkhouser officiating. Bride a member 
of the Warsaw First Brethren Church. 
Suzanne Barklow to William Wisely, April 17, 
at the Lanark First Brethren Church; Rev. Robert 
Schubert officiating. 

Christine Sullivan to James Terry, March 13, 
in Columbus, Ohio; Rev. Kenneth Sullivan, pas- 
tor of the Milledgeville Brethren Church and 
father of the bride, officiating. Bride a member 
of the Milledgeville Brethren Church. 


Devon and Pauline Humbarger, 50th, June 26. 
Members of the Flora First Brethren Church. 
Hensel and Goldie Cline, 50th, June 7. Mem- 
bers of the Mount Olive Brethren Church. 
John and Alma Harshbarger, 60th, May 27. 
Members of the Mount Olive Brethren Church. 
Jake and Georgie Arehart, 50th, May 22. 
Members of the Mount Olive Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Pleasant Hill: 3 by transfer 
Mount Olive: 2 by baptism, 2 by transfer 


105th General Conference 

August 2-6 

Ashland University, Ashland, Ohio 

Theme: "Witnesses to the World" 
Theme Verse: Acts 1:8 

The Brethren Church is about to 
launch a bold evangelism thrust this fall 
through the Passing On the Promise 
process. It will involve outreach to "our 
world," beginning first in our "Jeru- 
salem" — our own communities — and 
reaching beyond to "the ends of the 

But any evangelistic effort will only 
succeed to the degree that it is bathed in 
prayer. So a major part of our Conference 
will be devoted to praying and to instruc- 
tion related to prayer. 

The 1993 Conference will feature: 

• David Bryant as outside speaker and 
prayer leader 

• Rich times of worship and fellowship 

• Addresses by Moderator Glenn Grum- 
bling and Moderator-Elect Russell 

• Practical workshops 

• A variety of luncheons and banquets 

• Updates on denominational ministries 

• Business sessions 

Don't miss this year's General Confer- 
ence! Make plans now to attend and com- 
plete the registration form on page 13 of the 
June Evangelist no later than July 21. 

See you in August! 

David Bryant 


ij.l i_j ;j 





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— r- 



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i ; i 



i r 

L '..L. 

Northview Brethren Life 
Dedicates New Worship Center 

See page 18. 

Developing a Global Vision 

Cut the Complaining 

average Little Leaguer. But 
this Peruvian boy knew nothing of 
fun and games. He lived in an 
Andean Mountain region plagued 
by terrorist attacks. And the latest 
onslaught had just claimed his 
father's life. 

A gut-wrenching scene 

"Daddy, Daddy, Daddy," the boy 
moaned in his native Quechua lan- 
guage, as if his cries would some- 
how restore his beloved father. 

A television crew sent by helicop- 
ter to the remote mountain village 
of Huayllao recorded the pathetic 
scene. The boy was sitting in front 
of his gutted house, which had been 
torched by the terrorists, with an 
infant beside him. The boy wore 
the typical Quechua wide-brimmed 
felt hat and a black poncho, which 
he now used to hide his tears. 

"I told you, Daddy, let's go to the 
jungle, but you wanted to stay," 
the disconsolate boy wailed, his 
whole body quivering, talking more 
to himself than to the film crew. 

The boy lowered the poncho to 
reveal haunted eyes staring wildly 
in grief. "Now you've got to take 
me away from here," he cried, "be- 
cause if you don't, I'm going to 
throw myself into the river." 

The gut-wrenching scene made 
you want to thrust your arms 
through the TV screen and give 
the boy a hug, and, if you could 
work miracles, somehow bring his 
dead daddy back to life. 

I don't know about you, but I've 
never lived through anything even 

remotely close to that boy's experi- 
ence. My biggest complaints are 
about traffic jams going to work or 
long lines at the grocery store! 

We in the United States live a 
privileged existence compared to 
people in most of the world. Yes, 
we have a Hurricane Andrew or 
Mississippi River flooding, which 
are terrible to be sure. But we 
don't wake up to shelling, like the 
folks in Beirut. Our women aren't 
systematically raped and tortured, 
like those in parts of the former 
Yugoslavia. And widespread fam- 
ine doesn't reduce our children to 
hollow-eyed skeletons, as it's doing 
in ravaged African nations. 

Yet, instead of waking up each 
morning with a hearty "Thank 
you" to God for His goodness (and 
a strong sense of compassion for 
the less fortunate), we often ignore 
what God has given us. 

We complain. Or we aren't satis- 
fied. And we hurry, hurry, hurry 
seeking fulfillment, pleasure, or 
more things, all too focused on self 
and forgetting about the incredible 
opportunities we have to serve God 
and to minister to a hurting world. 

Yes, we can be a rather ungrate- 
ful lot, which most certainly grates 
on God and helps explain such 
texts as 1 Corinthians 10:10: "And 
do not grumble, as some of them 
did — and were killed by the de- 
stroying angel." 

"Me Generation" impact 

You who lived through the Great 
Depression and World War II 
learned firsthand about pain, hard 

work, and sacrifice. You have much 
to teach those of us born since then 
(the so-called Baby Boomers and 
Baby Busters), who have been in- 
fluenced — perhaps more than we 
know — by the "Me Generation" and 
the pursuit of selfishness. 

Even Christian workers and mis- 
sionaries are sometimes affected. I 
get a little uncomfortable when 
people talk about doing missions 
as a way to see the world. Also, it's 
disconcerting when Christians 
leave their ministries primarily be- 
cause they don't feel fulfilled, 
happy, or appreciated. 

This would be like the Apostle 
Paul taking missionary trips just 
to visit Greece and Asia to try ex- 
otic foods. And, certainly, the Old 
Testament prophets didn't get into 
their line of work to make them- 
selves or their listeners feel good. 

The just-released Mission Hand- 
book, 1993-95 (MARC/World Vi- 
sion, 1993) notes, 'The spirituality 
of the West expressed in its mate- 
rialism, drug use, financial crime 
and pornography is eroding the 
value of any good news it claims to 
have for the rest of the world. 

"The Western church needs to 
come to grips with its cultural cap- 
tivity and ask itself what kind of 
missionary encounter with its own 
culture is demanded." 

In perspective 

I'm not slamming the United 
States. God has blessed our nation 
in incredible fashion. Humanly 
speaking, who would want to live 
anywhere else? Look how many 
hundreds of thousands of people 
are trying to break down the bor- 
ders to get in here. 

I just think it's time for a reality 
check. Let's cut the complaining, 
thank God for His incredible bless- 
ings, start showing a little joy, and 
focus more on obedience than on 
occasions for pleasure. 

Just as important, let's take ad- 
vantage of the freedom and re- 
sources God has given us to reach 
out to hurting people in our neigh- 
borhoods and around the world — 
whether it feels good or not. 

As Paul wrote to the Ephesians, 
"Be very careful, then, how you live 
— not as unwise but as wise, mak- 
ing the most of every opportunity, 
because the days are evil." [ft] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Funderburg Library 


North Manchester, IN 46962 

September 1993 
Volume 115, Number 8 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


John Maust 

Children's Page 

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What Is the Word of God? by Brenda B. Colijn 

First in a series of articles in a new column on "Understanding the Bible." 

Finding the Common Denominator by Barbara Roderick 
Establishing a meaningful relationship with someone is in some respects 
like solving a mathematics problem containing fractions. 

Special Section 

General Conference Report 

"Witnesses to the World" by Glenn Grumbling 6 

The 1993 General Conference Moderator's Address. 

Conference Inspirational Speaker David Bryant 9 

Catching Revival at Conference by Carolyn Brandon 10 

The Concert of Prayer 11 

Other Conference Speakers: Raymond Aspinall, David Loudon, 12 
and Russell Gordon 

Conference Business Sessions 14 

Conference Auxiliaries 16 

The BYIC Convention 17 

Ministry Pages Brethren Church Ministries 

A Wake-Up Call?! by Ronald W. Waters 22 

Departments Update 18 

Developing a Global Vision 2 From the Grape Vine 20 

by John Maust Children's Page 21 

Cartoon 3 by Sandi Rowsey 

The September Woman's Outlook Newsletter is in the center of this issue. 

Cover: Exterior of the new worship center of the Northview Brethren Life 
congregation and interior of the multi-purpose area showing some of the people 
who attended the dedication of the building on August 1. (See also p. 18.) 

Answers to the Little Crusader page: 

Across: 4. gentle, 5. good, 6. peace, 8. never; 
Down: 1. patience, 2. Luke, 3. goodness, 7. control. 

Pontius' Puddle 

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September 1993 

the Bible 

IF ASKED, "What is the word of 
God?" most evangelicals will 
probably answer, "The Bible." But 
the concept of the word of God is 
richer and more complex than 

Basically, God's word is the ex- 
pression of His character and will. 
God's word both explains what His 
will is and has the power to accom- 
plish that will. God's creative word 
brought the universe into being 
(Gen. 1:3, etc.; Ps. 33:6; John 1:3), 
and it has the power to accomplish 
what God desires (Is. 55:11). 

God's word is God's message 

More specifically, God's word is 
God's message to His people. This 
message was usually a spoken 
word rather than a written book. 
For example, the word of the Lord 
came to Abram to tell him of God's 
promises for his future (Gen. 15:1). 
God also spoke to Isaac (Gen. 
26:2), Jacob (Gen. 35:1), Moses 
(Ex. 3:4), and Joshua (Josh. 8:27). 

God's word came to the nation of 
Israel through His spokespersons, 
the prophets. For example, the word 
of God came to Nathan to instruct 
David not to build the Temple 
(1 Chron. 17:3). Similarly, God ap- 
peared to Samuel and revealed 
Himself to him by His word (1 Sam. 
3:21). God directs His people by 
His word given through the proph- 
ets (1 Kings 12:24; 14:18; 16:12; 
2 Kings 24:2). He then acts to ful- 
fill His word (1 Kings 22:38; 2 Kings 
7:1, 16; 14:25). 

The prophets themselves say 
that the word of God came to them 
(Jer. 1:2; Ez. 1:3; Hos. 1:1; Joel 1:1; 

Mrs. Colijn is a member of the Smoky 
Row Brethren Church in Worthington, 
Ohio. She chairs the Committee on Doc- 
trine, Research, and Publication. 

What Is 
The Word of God? 

By Brenda B. Colijn 

First in a series of articles in a new column 
dealing with Bible interpretation. 

Correspondence Welcomed 

In this and future articles in this 
column, members of the General 
Conference Executive Council's 
Committee on Doctrine, Research, and 
Publication will discuss topics related 
to interpreting the Bible. The commit- 
tee invites readers to suggest topics 
or Bible passages to discuss in future 
articles. Send questions, comments, 
or suggestions to the committee in 
care of the Evangelist, 524 College 
Ave., Ashland, OH 44805. 

Zech. 1:1). They say that their 
words are the word of God (Is. 
1:10), and they speak as if with 
God's voice (Is. 7:10). Some of them 
begin their messages with the 
familiar "Thus saith the Lord" 
(Haggai 1:2; Zech. 11:4). In fact, 
the definition of a true prophet is 
one to whom God speaks, who then 
speaks God's word to the people 
(Jer. 23:21-22). 

God's word in the New Testament 

In the New Testament, the word 
of God most often means the gos- 
pel message. It is first of all the 
message preached by Jesus (Luke 
5:1; 8:11; 11:28). Jesus Himself 
says that His words are the word 
of God (John 14:24). Secondly, it is 
the message taken up and preached 
boldly by the disciples (Acts 4:31; 
13:5), which spreads throughout 
the Roman world (Acts 6:7; 1 Thess. 
1:8; 2 Thess. 3:1). 

Paul declares specifically that 
his message is the word of God, 
which has power to work in those 
who hear it (1 Thess. 2:13). He 
says that this word of God includes 
God's plan to bring salvation to the 
Gentiles (Col. 1:25-27). Peter also 
identifies Christian preaching with 
the word of God (1 Pet. 1:25). The 
gospel message is so centered on 

Christ that it can also be called the 
word of Christ (Rom. 10:17; Col. 

In both Old and New Testa- 
ments, the concept of the word of 
God usually emphasizes the mes- 
sage, rather than the means. This 
message didn't always come in the 
form of words; sometimes the 
prophets saw the word of God (Is. 
2:1; Mic. 1:1). 

Jesus as the Word of God 

Most importantly, however, the 
Word of God also came as a per- 
son. John 1:1-14 and Revelation 
19:13 call Jesus Himself the Word 
of God. Like the word of God in 
Genesis 1, Jesus is the power be- 
hind creation (John 1:3; Col. 1:16- 
17). Because He shares God's na- 
ture, He could show us fully who 
God is and what God wants from 
humanity (Col. 1:15; 2:9). Both in 
what He said and in who He was, 
Jesus was God's final and perfect 
spokesperson (Heb. 1:1-3). He was 
both the messenger and the mes- 

Finally, the word of God can also 
refer to Scripture. For example, in 
Mark 7:13, Jesus calls the Hebrew 
Scriptures the word of God. He 
quotes from Isaiah and Exodus 
and then accuses the Pharisees of 
setting aside the word of God by 
their traditions. Similarly, as we 
saw earlier, the gospel writers 
called Jesus' words the word of 

The biblical writings are usually 
called Scripture, rather than the 
word of God (2 Tim. 3:16). Scrip- 
ture means something that was 
written down, whereas the word of 
God was thought of as God's mes- 
sage, usually spoken. Nevertheless, 
the Bible is the word of God in a 
secondary sense, because in Scrip- 

The Brethren Evangelist 

ture, the spoken message of God 
through the prophets and apostles 
has been written down, and the 
life and message of the living Word 
of God have been recorded. 

Until recent times, people would 
not have thought of a book when 
they thought of the word of God. It 
was not until general literacy and 
the invention of the printing press 
that Bible reading became a possi- 
bility for the average Christian. 
Most believers through history 
have heard the word of God in 
preaching, teaching, and worship. 

Problem areas 

As evangelicals, we value the 
Bible highly and submit to its 
authority. And so we should. How- 
ever, our view of the word of God 
as a printed book has created some 

First, we sometimes assume that 
references to the word of God 
mean the Bible when they may 
really mean God's promises or His 
prophecies or the gospel message. 

Second, since we emphasize the 
printed book, we tend to think that 
everything in that book — the chap- 

ter and verse divisions, our favor- 
ite translation, the red letters, the 
cross references, the study notes — 
is also the word of God. In fact, all 
of these helps were added to the 
original text of the Bible much 

Third, we sometimes think that 
sharing our faith means handing 
someone a copy of the Gospel of 
John, and we forget our responsi- 
bility to share the word of God as 
the early disciples did. The Ethio- 
pian eunuch read the Scriptures 
diligently, but he needed Philip to 
explain to him what he was read- 
ing (Acts 8:30-35). 

Fourth, we miss the point that 
much of the Bible was intended to 
be heard, not read (Deut. 31:9-13; 
Jer. 36:1-7; Jas. 1:22-25; Rev. 1:3; 
22:18). Hearing the Bible would 
force us to concentrate more on the 
main points and less on the de- 
tails. This suggests that if we want 
to understand the Bible as its 
authors intended, we should focus 
on the major points rather than on 
the minor ones. 

In response to those who have 
denied that the Bible is the word of 

God, we have properly defended its 
authority. We must continue to do 
so, because it is through the writ- 
ten word that we come to know the 
living Word. But we have some- 
times forgotten that the most im- 
portant authority lies not in the 
words of the text but in the living 
Word to whom the text points. We 
should put at least as much energy 
into following the Word as we have 
into defending the words. 

The answer to our question 

So, to return to our title, "What 
is the Word of God?" First and 
foremost, it is Jesus Christ, the 
Son of God. It is also the message 
of God, God's plan of salvation that 
climaxes in the gospel of Jesus 
Christ. Finally, it is the book that 
records that message and wit- 
nesses to the living Word — the 

The written word, important as 
it is, is not an end in itself. We 
must always allow it to speak 
God's challenging message to us 
and point us beyond the text to a 
relationship with the living Word 
of God, Jesus Christ. [ft] 

— = 9 

Finding the Common Denominator 

= ? 

By Barbara Roderick 





= 9 

I LEARNED from elementary mathematics that if 
I wanted to solve problems containing fractions, 
I first had to find the common denominator. 

I have found that many situations in everyday 
life are much like a math session. We are all frac- 
tional human beings in one way or another. We are 
less than the whole of what we should be. 

Scripture bears this out many times. Paul, for 
example, in Colossians 4:12 writes of prayers of- 
fered "that ye may stand perfect and complete in all 
the will of God." We are fractional in our many 
responsibilities and relationships, as well as in our 
personality differences and our general social vari- 
ables (our likes and dislikes). 

Just as in math some problems are more difficult 
to solve than others, so in life, some people are 
more difficult to deal with than others. With some 
people, common denominators are found rather 
quickly. With others, it is more difficult, but in such 
cases the process is undoubtedly more profitable. 

I have found comparing my personal relation- 
ships with others to solving math problems to be an 

Mrs. Roderick is a member of the Mt. Olive Brethren 
Church of Pineville, Va. 

excellent method of developing new relationships 
and of keeping established relationships on a 
smooth path. How? By looking for the common de- 
nominator through seeking to know others better. 
By being aware of areas of mutual interest and us- 
ing these as footholds of common ground. And then 
by enlarging these footholds through greater under- 
standing, providing a broader base for friendship. 

As Christians dealing with other Christians, our 
best "Common Denominator" is Christ Jesus. But 
much of our life is spent dealing with non-Chris- 
tians. With them, we have to find a common de- 
nominator of interest in other areas. We need to 
seek to build on our similarities rather than on our 

Doing so will lead to greater understanding and 
thus to better relationships. This, in turn, will pave 
the way for witnessing naturally. Coupled with 
prayer and direction from the Lord, this method 
will provide an avenue by which to lead more lost 
souls to a saving knowledge of Christ. 

I am sure you have seen this principle at work in 
church summer baseball leagues, in other games, at 
camps, or in other gatherings. I am inspired to say, 
"Let's use it more often . . . every day!" [t] 

September 1993 

General Conference Report 

Witnesses to the World 

The 1993 General Conference Moderator's Address* 

By Rev. Glenn Grumbling 

I WOULD LIKE to give 
some words of caution to 
The Brethren Church. I feel 
like that preacher who said 
to his congregation, "Before 
I preach this message I 
have something important 
to say." God's word warns 
us, "Be self-controlled and 
alert. Your enemy the devil 
prowls around like a roar- 
ing lion looking for someone 
to devour. Resist him, stand- 
ing firm in the faith . . ." (1 
Pet. 5:8-9, NIV). I've heard 
people almost ridicule this 
passage of scripture and 
then declare that the devil 
is a "toothless lion" as far as 
the Christian is concerned. 
But I have not found him to 
be toothless. I see him tear- 


iii v 

Moderator Glenn Grumbling with his wife, Nancy. 

ing churches and 
Christians apart. 


A tragic compatibility 

One way the devil is accom- 
plishing this is by convincing the 
church that it should strive to 
make itself compatible with the 
world. Satan did this through 
Constantine in the fourth cen- 
tury. Constantine, the emperor of 
Rome, decided to make Christian- 
ity the state religion, even though 
he was not a Christian himself. 
He had all of his soldiers and 
sailors baptized, without a con- 
version experience, and told them 
they were Christians. That was 
probably the worst thing that 
ever happened to the church. The 
church took in the world and 
quickly became compatible with 
it. One branch of the church has 

*This is an edited version of the 
moderator's address. The complete 
address will be printed in tfie General 
Conference Annual. 

never recovered from that trag- 
edy. It required a great Refor- 
mation to give birth to Christian 
churches that were separated 
from the world. 

Whoever said the church was 
supposed to be compatible with 
the world? Certainly not our Lord 
Jesus Christ. In fact, He declared 
that it should be just the opposite 
(John 15:18, 19). 

The church is expected to be an 
example to the world in an effort 
to lead it to Christ. We cannot be 
an example to the world when we 
become like it, i.e., compatible 
with it. 

Brethren, I'm concerned about 
the present-day Constantines and 
about the churches and individ- 
ual Christians who are being over- 
powered by these Constantines. 
I'm aware of the fact that we 
have a Bible-centered church and 
a Bible-centered seminary, and I 
praise God for them. But I'm also 
aware that most of the churches 
and seminaries which today are 

supporting the pro-choice 
(which means pro-murder) 
and the homosexual rights 
movements started out be- 
ing Bible-centered. Some of 
these formerly Bible-cen- 
tered churches are now ac- 
cepting homosexuals as 
pastors. These churches 
didn't change their Bible- 
centered positions over- 
night. Satan is very subtle. 
He can change seminaries, 
churches and individuals 
gradually. But he knows 
how to get the job done. We 
have access to a greater 
power than Satan. But let's 
not be guilty of underesti- 
mating Satan's power. Let's 
be willing to make changes 
in our methods and proce- 
dures where changes are needed. 
But let us guard against accept- 
ing changes that are designed to 
make the church and the world 
compatible. They are incompat- 
ible. When they become compat- 
ible, the church is in need of 
another reformation. 

An emphasis on evangelism 

At General Conference last 
year I introduced our new theme, 
"Witnesses to the World." My 
message on Friday morning last 
year was an effort to show how 
we are witnesses to the world 
through world missions. During 
that week, Rev. Russ Gordon be- 
came our moderator-elect. With 
Russ at the helm, I realized that 
our emphasis for this next year 
would surely center on home mis- 
sions and church growth. There- 
fore, I felt led to center my 
limited speaking and writing this 
past year on personal evangelism. 

Since 50 of our churches are 
now involved in "Passing On the 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"Let's be willing to make changes in our methods and procedures where 
changes are needed. But let us guard against accepting changes that 
are designed to make the church and the world compatible. " 

Promise," the personal evangel- 
ism emphasis of our theme has 
been very appropriate. I'm really 
excited when I think about what 
"Passing On the Promise" could 
do for the Brethren denomina- 
tion. Before we are through with 
the three-year process, we should 
have many more personal evan- 
gelists in the churches that are 
participating. But we all realize 
that the blessings won't come 
automatically. Our churches and 
their members will get out of it 
what they put into it. Therefore, 
"Let us not become weary in do- 
ing good, for at the proper time 
we will reap a harvest if we do 
not give up" (Gal. 6:9, NIV). 

Should we talk our faith? 

Dr. Billy Graham has a daily 
syndicated article in one of our 
local newspapers which he calls, 
"My Answer." In a recent article 
entitled "Don't be afraid to voice 
faith," the question was asked: 

Do you think it is important or 
necessary for a person to talk 
about their beliefs? To me the im- 
portant thing is living your be- 
liefs and not talking about them 
all the time. I get turned off by 
people who talk about God but 
who gossip or are lazy or some- 
thing, and don't act like they 

Billy Graham's answer was: 

It's certainly important for us 
to live our faith, and to be consis- 
tent in following Christ. I'm re- 
minded of the old saying that 
"What you are speaks so loudly 
that I cannot hear what you are 
saying." The Bible reminds us 
that "faith by itself, if it is not 
accompanied by action, is dead" 
(James 2:17). Jesus told his disci- 
ples, "You are the light of the 
world. ... let your light shine be- 
fore men, that they may see your 
good deeds and praise your Father 
in heaven" (Matthew 5:14, 16). 

There are two important things 
that need to be said, however. 

First, learn to share your faith 
with others. After all, people 
around us need to learn of God's 
love for them, and what Christ 
had done to redeem us and for- 
give us. Don't let your embarrass- 
ment or your fear of what others 
will think keep you from speak- 
ing about him as God gives you 
opportunity. Paul said, "I am not 
ashamed of the gospel, because it 
is the power of God for the salva- 
tion of everyone who believes" 
(Romans 1:16). 

Second, be sure of your own 
commitment to Christ. Some- 
times, I have found, people are 
afraid to talk about their faith 
because they are uncertain 
whether or not they really be- 
lieve. Have you realized that 
you're a sinner, and have you 
turned to Christ and trusted him 
as your Lord and Savior? Like 
the early Christians, when we 
truly meet Christ and commit our 
lives to him "we cannot help 
speaking about what we have 
seen and heard" (Acts 4:20). 

Why should we be witnesses? 

This past year I have been em- 
phasizing those things which mo- 
tivate, yes, even compel us to 
personally be witnesses to the 
world for Christ. Let's just men- 
tion a few of these: We should be 
witnesses to the world: 

1. Because Christ commissioned 
us to be. (Matthew 28:19, 20; 
Acts 1:8) 

2. Because Christ promised to be 
with us when we are. (Mat- 
thew 28:19, 20) 

3. Because God wants everyone 
to be saved. (I Timothy 2:3-4) 

4. Because of the sacrifice of 
Christ. (Galatians 1:4) 

5. Because of the gift of the 
Spirit. (Acts 1:8) 

6. Because of the power of the 
gospel. (Romans 1:16) 

7. Because of the rewards. (Mark 

Some of you may be convinced 
that God has called you to be a 

witness to the world. But perhaps 
you are looking for an answer to 
the question, "What results 
should I expect from my witness- 
ing?" I want to use the remaining 
time dealing with that question. 

What results can we expect? 

It's essential that we share our 
faith in the power of the Holy 
Spirit and that we do so with 
great expectations. But, as Cam- 
pus Crusade for Christ teaches, 
we must leave the results with 

I've read some books on wit- 
nessing in which the authors 
strongly implied that when we 
memorized the correct scriptures 
and the right transitions from 
one scripture to the next, then 
the persons to whom we witness 
will be compelled to accept Christ 
as their Savior and Lord. How- 
ever, when I was still a young 
man, I discovered, to my dismay, 
that it isn't always automatic. I 
have shared my faith with many 
people who did not receive Christ 
— at least at that time. 

So along with our great expec- 
tations, we must be prepared to 
have people to whom we have 
witnessed refuse to accept Christ. 
We must leave the results with 
God! Otherwise immature Chris- 
tians may come away from such 
an experience feeling they are 
failures and therefore not quali- 
fied or responsible to be obedient 
to the Great Commission. Satan 
works extremely hard to keep us 
from being the witnesses God 
wants us to be. 

After the Apostle Paul met 
Christ on the road to Damascus, 
he recognized Him to be the Mes- 
siah, he received Him as Lord 
and Savior of his life, and he com- 
mitted himself to witnessing to 
the world about Jesus Christ. Of 
course, for someone as committed 
and dynamic as the Apostle Paul, 
witnessing for Christ was always 

September 1993 

"I believe the next three years may produce more new personal evangel- 
ists in The Brethren Church than we have seen for a long time, perhaps 
more than we've ever seen before." 

successful. WRONG! It wasn't 
always successful for our Lord 
Jesus Christ Himself. Many 
turned Him down. But somehow, 
we get the feeling that witnessing 
for Christ should always be suc- 
cessful for us. And, when it isn't, 
Satan's argument that "the Great 
Commission wasn't meant for us" 
can sound very convincing. 

Responses Paul received 

Let's look at some of the re- 
sponses Paul received when he 
witnessed to the world for Christ. 

At the conclusion of his third 
missionary journey, the Apostle 
found himself in prison in Caes- 
area. His only crime was that he 
witnessed to the world about his 
Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ. 
Paul was given an opportunity to 
share his faith in Christ Jesus 
with Governor Felix and his wife, 
Drusilla. We read about it in Acts 
24:24-25. Verse 25 reveals that 
Felix was under conviction. Why 
shouldn't he be? He has a call 
from God through Paul's witness 
to him. But even though he was 
under conviction, Felix's response 
to Paul was, "Not now." As far as 
we know, Felix went out into 
eternity without receiving Christ. 

If you've been sharing your 
faith in Christ with others, you've 
probably received this response 
often. Satan gives people all 
kinds of reasons to convince them 
that it isn't a convenient time to 
receive Christ into their lives. 
And, like Paul, you've left the 
scene literally sick after you 
poured your heart out witnessing 
to someone and their only re- 
sponse was, "Not now." 

Two years later Felix was suc- 
ceeded as governor by Porcius 
Festus. Paul was still in prison 
for witnessing to the world. Paul 
was given an opportunity to 
make a defense for himself in the 
presence of Festus and King 
Agrippa, who was visiting Festus. 

Paul took advantage of this and 
gave his life history, including his 
conversion experience. Obviously 
Paul was more interested in lead- 
ing these men to Christ than he 
was in defending himself. 

The response of Festus to Paul's 
witness was, "Not at all" (Acts 
26:24). Actually, Festus accused 
Paul of spending too much time 
studying his religion and, as a re- 
sult, of losing his mind. He was 
saying to Paul, "I don't want any- 
thing to do with your religion." 

John 15:18-21, as I mentioned 
earlier, reminds us that the true 
church and God's true disciples 
are incompatible with the world. 
When you've shared your faith 
with others, have you ever had 
anyone tell you, "NOT AT ALL— 
you've made yourself crazy over 
religion?" If so, I'm certain that 
you left the scene with an aching 
heart — not aching because of what 
the person said about you, but 
aching because the person reject- 
ed Christ. Again, we have no re- 
cord that Festus ever changed his 
mind and received Christ. 

Paul didn't give up 

Well, what would you have 
done if you had had those experi- 
ences which Paul had? I'm afraid 
too many of us would have given 
up. We might have said, "If these 
turkeys don't want to be saved by 
Jesus, let them go to hell. Be- 
sides, I'm beginning to think that 
maybe I'm not cut out to be a wit- 
ness to the world for Christ." 

But Paul didn't give up. He 
turned to King Agrippa to get a 
response from him. But King 
Agrippa's response was "Not 
quite." An almost Christian is 
still not a Christian. And, once 
again, as far as we know, King 
Agrippa never came to know 
Jesus Christ as his Savior and 
Lord. If you witness to the world 
for Christ, you've probably re- 
ceived this answer also. You've 

probably left the scene weeping — 
realizing that the person to whom 
you witnessed is so close and yet 
so far away from the kingdom of 

The responses to the gospel 
which Paul received were not al- 
ways "No." For example, in Acts 
16 we see a beautiful example of 
a positive response when the 
Philippian jailer and all of his 
family received Christ. Paul had 
many positive responses. 

Why emphasize the negative? 

Why then have I emphasized 
the negative responses. I have 
done this for two reasons. First, 
because of "Passing On the Prom- 
ise." I believe the next three years 
may produce more new personal 
evangelists in The Brethren 
Church than we have seen for a 
long time, perhaps more than 
we've ever seen before. These 
new witnesses may start off re- 
ceiving negative responses. I do 
not want them to feel that they 
are the only ones getting negative 
responses. That could be devas- 
tating and cause them to quit. I 
hoped to encourage veteran wit- 
nesses as well. If the Apostle 
Paul and our Lord Jesus Christ 
received some negative responses, 
we should be prepared to cope 
with some too. 

The second reason I used these 
negative responses was to speak 
to anyone here who might be 
using these, or similar, responses 
themselves. In a crowd this size, 
there are surely some people who 
are still saying "NO" to God. I 
pray that they may see how hope- 
less these responses are, then 
turn and receive Christ as their 
Savior and Lord. 

There is a legend that recounts 
the return of Jesus to glory after 
his time on earth. Even in heaven 
he still bore the marks of his 
earthly pilgrimage, with its mock- 
ery of a crown, a cruel cross, and 

The Brethren Evangelist 

shameful death. The angel Gabriel 
approached Him and said, "Mas- 
ter, you must have suffered terri- 
bly for humankind down there." 
Jesus replied that he did. 

Gabriel continued: "And do they 
know and appreciate how much 
you loved them and what you did 
for them?" 

Jesus replied, "Oh, no. Not yet. 
Right now only a handful of peo- 
ple in Palestine know." 

Gabriel was perplexed. "Then 
what have you done to let every- 
one know about your love for 

Jesus said, "I have asked Peter, 

James, John and a few more 
friends to tell others about me. 
And my story will be spread to 
the farthest reaches of the globe. 
Ultimately all of humankind will 
have heard about my life and 
what I have done." 

Gabriel frowned and looked 
rather skeptical. He knew well 
what poor stuff humans were 
made of. "Yes, but what if Peter 
and James and John grow weary? 
What if the people who come af- 
ter them forget to tell your story? 
What if way down in the 20th 
century people just don't tell 
others about you? Haven't you 

made any other plans? 

Jesus replied, "No, I'm counting 
on them." 

Twenty centuries later Jesus 
still has no other plan. He is still 
counting on us, you and me. He is 
counting on us to witness to the 
world about Him. 

At the top of God's list of prior- 
ities is the evangelization of the 
world. Jesus' early disciples adopt- 
ed His priorities and committed 
themselves to reaching the world 
for Christ. Christ counted on 
them and they delivered. Now it 
is our turn. Christ is counting on 
us. Will we deliver? [D > ] 

General Conference Report 

Hope for Revival Through United Prayer 
Is Burden of Inspirational Speaker David Bryant 

GIVING HOPE to The Brethren 
Church was central to the purpose 
of Dr. David Bryant in his messages 
during General Conference. "My con- 
tribution to this Conference in the next 
24 hours can be summarized in just one 
word; it is the word 'hope,'" he said. 
Noting the balloons in the auditorium 
during the opening service of celebra- 
tion and worship, he said, "We have 
every reason to be celebrating, because 
God is doing a new work in our time 
and He wants The Brethren Church to 
be right in the thick of it. Not survival. 
That's not the issue here this week. It's 
revival in the full biblical sense of that 

What is revival? 

And what is revival? In one word: 
"Christ." "God has nothing for us be- 
yond who Christ is and what His king- 
dom is all about. So revival from be- 
ginning to end is Christ." He also pro- 
vided a three-word definition: "Fuller, 
fullness, fulfillment." Elaborating on this, 
he said that revival is "a fuller revela- 
tion of who Jesus is to His people that 
brings about a fullness of His life with- 
in His people that leads to the fulfill- 
ment of His mission through His people." 

Bryant is convinced that this kind of 
revival is on its way, not just in isolat- 
ed churches or in our nation, but world- 

Dr. Bryant takes time out from his Monday evening message to read the paper. Actually 
he was sharing an account of a 1905 revival from the January 27, 1905, Denver Post. 

wide. "Everything appears to be that 
we are in fact heading for a world re- 
vival at the very opening of the 21st 
century. It is not far off!" he said. 

Bryant pointed to the dramatic in- 
crease in prayer activity for revival that 
is taking place worldwide. Studies have 
revealed, he said, that 170 million Cliris- 
tians around the world are committed to 
praying every day for revival and world 

evangelization; 20 million of these be- 
lieve that such praying is their primary 
call in the body of Christ. Worldwide 
approximately 10 million prayer groups 
exist whose chief agenda is to pray for 
revival in the church and the fulfill- 
ment of the Great Commission. And 
1 ,300 prayer networks around the world 
are mobilizing even more Christians to 
pray. (continued on next page) 

September 1993 

Continuing his emphasis on "hope" 
for The Brethren Church, he declared 
that our denomination can be a part of 
this great prayer movement. "I want to 
say to you, not as a guess or a hunch, 
but as a prophetic word, that this de- 
nomination, along with the rest of the 
body of Christ, but in a very specific 
way this group, this fellowship, is on 
the threshold and at the crossroads. And 
God is putting before you what He is 
putting before His whole church. And 
those who respond will become the ones 
through whom God will bring this world 
to Christ; through whom revival will 
be unleashed in the body of Christ." 
Later he added, "He [God] wants to do 
with us in this room even this week 
more than we have ever dared to ask 
or imagine or dream." 

Revival the only hope 

Returning to the subject of hope in 
his second message, Bryant said, "There 
is a growing consensus that the only 
hope for our nation and the nations is 
revival in the church, and the only hope 
for revival in the church is a move- 
ment of united prayer." Applying this 
specifically to The Brethren Church, he 
continued, "And we could say that in 
terms of The Brethren Church, the only 
hope for this church, this denomina- 

Brethren went to their knees for prayer several times during Conference week, as on 
this occasion during the Concert of Prayer. 

tion, is revival. . . . And the only hope 
that you'll ever know real revival and 
true spiritual awakening is [through] a 
movement of united prayer." 

Bryant expressed his conviction that 
people in The Brethren Church are 
indeed experiencing this hope. He led 
Conference attenders through a survey 
which if used in every Brethren church 
would reveal, he believes, that God is 
already speaking a sense of hope into the 

Catching Revival at Conference 

By Carolyn Brandon 

Dr. David Bryant brought to Con- 
ference a stirring of the wind and fire 
of the Holy Spirit to call us to prayer. 
The intense personality of Dr. Bryant 
brought us to a new awareness of 
the power and presence of prayer in 
our lives individually and as a de- 

As we listened to the speaker, we 
caught a vision of how we can move 
forward into the age of revival by 
prayer. "God is more ready to give 
revival than we are to receive it," he 
said. "When God is ready to do some- 
thing, we always see increased pray- 
ing. God will STIR us to pray." 

We were stirred to pray at Confer- 
ence and to take that stirring home 
to our local churches. We felt that 
stirring during a 2V^-hour Concert of 

Mrs. Brandon is a member of the 
North Georgetown, Ohio, First Breth- 
ren Church, where her husband is 
the pastor. 

Prayer on Tuesday evening. God blew 
the smog out of our lives so we could 
see Jesus. 

Dr. Bryant challenged us to look at 
Habakkuk 1:5 — 

Look at the nations and watch — 
and be utterly amazed. 

For I am going to do something 
in your days 
that you would not believe, 
even if you were told. 
— and then to look at what is hap- 
pening in our world and to be utterly 
amazed. Like the prophet, we are to 
watch and wait, in other words be 
"wait-watchers," he said. 

As several hundred of us knelt to- 
gether in prayer and lifted our voices 
in one accord to God for revival, we 
sensed an expectation of revival. 
REVIVAL is coming, a new awaken- 
ing. Everything we do must flow out 
of prayer. 

I caught revival in my spirit at 
Conference, {*] 

hearts of the vast majority of believers; 
that the Spirit of God is stirring in 
them hope and faith for revival that 
most of them do not even clearly un- 
derstand. Furthermore, he said, if these 
people discovered that many others 
feel the same way, they would receive 
unprecedented encouragement to 
prayer and to pursue God for revival. 

Seven reasons to pray for revival 

He concluded this message by giv- 
ing seven reasons why he believes that 
we can pray and prepare for revival 
with great confidence that God will 
answer our prayers. We can do so, he 
said, because of: 

1. A Decisive Person: Jesus Christ. 
God wants to manifest the presence of 
His Son in a whole new way so that 
we are summed up in Him as Lord. 

2. The Divine Pattern. God has sent 
revival before and He wants to do it 

3. The Dark Prospects. The world 
is in such a condition that God knows 
that the only hope for the mission of 
His Son to be fulfilled among the na- 
tions is if He gives revival. 

4. The Disturbing Paralysis. The 
church itself is in such a condition that 
without revival, Christ's mission through 
His people cannot be fulfilled. 

5. The Dramatic Preparations. It is 
the conviction of Christian leaders around 
the world that God is setting the stage 
right now for a major advance of the 
gospel among all nations. 

6. The Distinctive Praying. God is 


The Brethren Evangelist 

stirring His people to pray with unity 
and vision in a way that we have never 
seen in the history of the church. 

7. A Determined People. There are 
Christians around the world who are 
seeking God's Kingdom, whatever the 
cost to themselves. 

Dr. Bryant returned to the subject of 
hope in his final message, which pre- 
ceded the Concert of Prayer (which 
concluded his visit to the Conference.) 
He said, "What we've been talking about 
for the past 24 hours is the coming 
world revival and why that should stir 
such hope and faith in all of us that it 
will compel us to pray and prepare with- 

out ceasing until God grants it to 
His church worldwide. And He 

He quoted the great church histo- 
rian, J. Edwin Orr, who, after study- 
ing revival and prayer movements 
for 60 years, concluded that "When- 
ever God is ready to so something 
new with His people, He always sets 
them to praying." This, praying has 
already begun, Bryant maintained, 
and in fact the movement of prayer 
that God is setting His people to 
right now is already unprecedented. 
And Brethren have an opportunity 
to be a part of it! [ft] 

Praying with sword and shield in hand dur- 
ing the Concert of Prayer (see below). 

The Concert of Prayer 

David Bryant did not just talk about prayer during his 
visit to General Conference. He also led the Brethren who 
attended Conference, as well as a number of people from 
the Ashland community who came for the service, in a two 
and one-half hour prayer meeting. 

This "Concert of Prayer," held Tuesday evening of Con- 
ference, followed seven major themes — rejoice, repent, re- 
sist, restore, release, receive, and recommit. The first three 
of these — rejoice, repent, resist — Bryant termed "prepar- 
ing the ground" — getting ourselves ready for what God is 
going to do. 

The Concert of Prayer began with prayers of rejoicing — 
a time of embracing the hope that's coming by praising 
God for what we expect Him to do. 

These were followed with prayers of repentance — a time 
for dealing with those things that would hinder God from 
fulfilling what He has promised to do. (Since the overall 
focus of this Concert of Prayer was on revival in the church 
and the world, the focus of these prayers was on corporate 
sins, the sins of the church and the body of Christ, not 
individual sins.) 

Next came prayers of resistance, a time for recognizing 
the hindrances of Satan in our lives and in the church and 
a time for asking God to overcome those hindrances. 

It should be noted that a period of prayer (not just a 
single prayer) was spent on these themes, and that prayers 
were offered in different ways. People prayed in triplets 
(groups of three), huddles (two triplets together), and 
altogether-aloud-at-one-time (according to Bryant, the way 
many Christians around the world normally pray), as well 
as being led in prayer by various people from the platform. 
Prayers were offered sitting, standing, kneeling, and (dur- 
ing the prayers of resistance) standing with an imaginary 
shield in the left hand and an imaginary sword in the right. 

Following this first period of "preparing the ground," 
Bryant then led the congregation into what he called the 
aggressive pursuit of God on the basis of His promises. 
These were the prayers for God to restore and release. 

Prayers for restoration included prayers for self (What 
one thing do you want God to do in your life to revive and 
renew you?); prayers for the church (What one thing do 

you want God to do for your church?); prayers for all 
pastoral staff in attendance; and prayers for the revival of 
the church worldwide. 

What is a "Concert of Prayer"? 

To many of us the term "Concert of Prayer" may sound 
a bit strange. We associate concerts with music, not 
prayer. But the basic meaning of concert, according to 
Webster's New World Dictionary, is "mutual agreement; 
concord; harmony of action." And this is the sense in 
which it is used of prayer. People come together in 
mutual agreement to bring their prayers in one accord 
before the Lord. There is agreement and harmony of 
action in their praying. 

Though perhaps new to us, the term "Concert of 
Prayer," according to David Bryant, comes from the 
early seventeen hundreds and the great prayer move- 
ments on both sides of the Atlantic that issued in the 
"First Great Awakening." The term is associated par- 
ticularly with the great New England preacher and theo- 
logian, Jonathan Edwards. 

The prayers of release were offered for the release of the 
gospel, of those in captivity to sin, and of laborers. People 
were asked to pray specifically for one person who does 
not know the Lord and also for the release of the gospel in 
another nation or people group. Then all joined in praying 
for any missionaries or missionary candidates present, as 
well as for a whole army more of such. 

The final section of the Concert of Prayer was a time to 
receive and recommit. First people were given an opportu- 
nity to talk over in their triplets what they sensed God was 
getting ready to do, what they thought they and the church 
could expect to receive from God. Then they prayed to one 
another the blessing found in 2 Thessalonians 1:11-12. 

This was followed by a time to recommit, when all were 
challenged to offer themselves to God for Him to use to 
bring about the prayers they had agreed on, no matter what 
that might mean for them or what it might cost them. Dr. 
Bryant, himself, prayed the prayer of recommitment over 
the people, then led them in praying together the benedic- 
tion found in Ephesians 3:20-21. [ir] 

September 1993 


General Conference Report 

Other Conference Speakers 

Missionary Speaker Raymond Aspinall 

Even though Rev. Raymond Aspinall 
and his wife, Marilyn, have concluded 
their missionary work in Argentina fol- 
lowing 31 years of service there, Rev. 
Aspinall is still vitally interested in mis- 
sions. He made this abundantly clear in 
a message on Thursday evening of Con- 
ference, in which he answered the chal- 
lenge of any who would say to him, 
"What? Are You Still Talking About 

He began by noting that some claim 
that the era of missions is past because 
mission work was a part of the colonial, 
imperial movement of past centuries. 
Now that we live in a global village, 
missions is an insult. Others, while not 
denying the continuing validity of mis- 
sions, say that we should let the Third 
World do it. We've done our share; now 
it's their turn, and besides, they can do 
it so much cheaper. 

Still others claim that local churches 
around the world should carry out the 
responsibility of evangelizing their peo- 
ple. The problem with this, however, is 
that, by conservative estimates, there 
are still at least 653 to more than 2,000 
people groups in the world that don't 
have a local church in or near them. So 
despite what some may say, Aspinall 
remains firm in his intention to talk 
about missions. And he gave three rea- 
sons for doing so. 

First, he is still talking about mis- 
sions because he believes in the mis- 
sionary nature of God. God has a mis- 
sionary heart. This is seen from the 
very beginning of the Bible (Genesis 
1), which reveals that God created the 
world to fill it with people for Himself. 
The God of creation is a missionary 
God. His missionary heart was seen 
beating in Jesus Christ, who wept over 
Jerusalem and who gave His very life 
to redeem a people unto Himself. 

Second, Aspinall said that he is still 
talking about missions because he also 
believes in the missionary nature of the 
church. Matthew 28:18-20 reveals that 
the church exists for missions. Christ, 
by His authority, commissioned the 

church to continue the task for which 
He was sent into the world, and that is 
a missionary task. 

Third, he said that he is still talking 
about missions because of the nature of 
the world. The 
whole world is a 
prisoner of sin. It 
is alienated from 
God, ignorant of 
God, uninterested 
in God, unafraid 
of God. Without 
God's grace, the 
world is without 
hope. Therefore 
the world needs 
the happy, liberat- 
ing Good News of 
Christ. And the 
church needs to be 
proclaiming that 
Good News. 

God is actively 
seeking to reconcile 

the whole world unto himself. And He 
has called the church to be His, chosen 
people, a people belonging to Him, that 
the church may declare His praises, 
His message, to the world, so that oth- 
ers may also become a part of the peo- 
ple of God. This, said Aspinall, is why 
he is still talking about missions. [t] 

Following his Conference message, Rev. Ray Aspinall (r.) 
drives home a point with Dr. Arden Gilmer. 

World Relief Speaker David Loudon 

What makes World Relief different 
from other relief agencies is that it is 
commissioned to work with the church 
in alleviating human suffering, said 
David Loudon, Disaster Response Di- 
rector for World Relief Corporation of 
the National Association of Evangel- 
icals, at the World Relief Soup Lunch- 
eon Thursday noon of Conference. 

World Relief works with and through 
the church, seeking to enable the church 
to engage in wholistic ministry. This is 
important, he said, because long after 
relief agencies are gone from a disaster 
area, it is the church that remains be- 
hind and which can continue to minis- 
ter in the community. 

World Relief seeks to help the church 
understand that the "authentic mission 
of the church is a comprehensive ac- 
tivity which embraces evangelism and 
social action and refuses to let them be 
divorced," Loudon said. The biblical 

warrant for holding evangelism and 
social action together comes in three 
forms, he said. (1) The character of God, 
as revealed in His two great command- 
ments: love God completely and ones 
neighbor as oneself. (2) The ministry 
and teachings of Jesus, who put words 
and works together and who exhibited 
the love of God He was proclaiming 
by His works of compassion and power. 
And (3) the communication of the gos- 
pel; the gospel is not only to be verbal- 
ized, it is to be visualized. Just as the 
Word of God became flesh, our words 
must become visible through our works. 

Loudon gave three illustrations of 
these principles at work. The first was 
from Liberia, where between 150,000 
and 500,000 people have died in the last 
three years because of civil war. The 
Association of Evangelicals of that 
country asked World Relief to help 

(continued following the Outlook pages) 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Hhe ^Womavis Otdiool^Mwsictter 

^publications aftkt brethren- 'mntaris (Missionary Society 

September-October 1993 

Volume 7, Number 1 


The President's Message presented August 2, 1993. 
You will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you . . . Acts 1:8. 

This has been an exciting year for 
me. I have enjoyed meeting new people 
this year as I travel with my husband 
as much as I can on the weekends. 
This past year I visited some Brethren 
churches for the first time. I was able 
to attend the Indiana District Confer- 
ence, but was sorry that I could not 
attend the other conferences. Working 
Monday through Friday keeps me 
pretty busy. 

I would like to thank all of the WMS 
officers for the help they have given 
me during this past year. Their 
prayers and support have meant a lot 
to me. Thanks to all of you who have 
prayed for me this year. 

The Conference theme is "Witnesses 
to the World." As members of WMS we 
have many opportunities to be a part 
of witnessing to the world. Our project 
for the past two years has been the 
Girls' Orphanage in India. Nirmala 
Kumar has written to me that the girls 
are so excited over their new home. 
They all work hard to keep it looking 
nice. Prasanth and Nirmala sent a 
FAX on Monday to thank the WMS for 
their project of the Girls' Orphanage. 
You had a part in that through your 
societies' offerings. 

In past years we have helped other 
mission points with our projects. Sev- 
eral districts this year have had as 
their project to help finance the Eagles 
and Ruggles as they begin their work 
in Mexico City. We will hear from 
some of our missionary wives during 
the Conference. 

I could go on and on about the many 
projects the WMS has had. Money is 
only one way we can "witness." We 
need to support our missionaries with 
prayer, write them, and encourage 
them in their work. It's nice to send 
them a special box once in a while. You 
could put in some things that they can- 
not purchase in their area or just 
something special to let them know 
that you are thinking of them and 

their families. They really do enjoy 
hearing from you. 

Now — money for projects, sending 
personal items, praying for and writ- 
ing to our missionaries — those are 
fairly easy ways for us to witness or to 
help those who are witnessing. Let's 
really talk about witnessing! I read a 
story in the little devotional guide, Our 
Daily Bread, that was told to G. Camp- 
bell Morgan. A man had invited a fel- 
low worker to attend a church service 
with him. He had worked with this 
man for five years. He responded to 
the invitation by saying, "Are you a 
Christian?" His friend answered, "Yes, 
I am." The friend replied, "So am I. 
Here we have worked together for 
years and never knew we were both 
Christians. Wasn't that funny?" Mor- 
gan replied, "Funny? No, it is not 
funny at all. You both need to be born 

Isn't it strange that we will talk 
about almost everything with those we 
come in contact with on a daily basis, 
but find it difficult to speak of our 
faith in Jesus Christ. I am talking to 
myself — not just to those of you who 
are sitting out there. Do our acquaint- 
ances and fellow workers know of our 
faith in Christ? Those of you who have 
heard me speak about my trip to India 
will remember me talking about the 
"Secret Believers." Those women who 
had to worship in secret for fear of 
their non-believing husbands finding 
out and starving them or maybe kill- 
ing them (accidentally). 

We do not need to be afraid. Isn't it 
wonderful that we can be open about 
our Christian faith? We need to let 
those around us know that we believe 
in Christ and that He died so that we 
could have eternal life. 

I come in contact with a lot of people 

in my job at the University. One gal 

that was new to the University would 

come to my office to pick up keys to the 

(continued on page 2) 










0k appreciation 

To God our Heavenly Father 
for the blessings of the week. 
We were blessed far beyond our 

To the General Conference Ex- 
ecutive Council (GCEC) for 
planning the inspirational Con- 
ference based on the theme, 
"Witnesses to the World." 

To the auxiliary board and 
members who continued the 
theme, developing programs 
ideally suited to those who at- 

To the committees who worked 
"behind the scenes" for the 
smooth operation of the Confer- 

To the Ashland University staff 
who provided a beautiful cam- 
pus, delicious food, clean facili- 
ties, and for their friendliness 
and kindnesses. 

To the WMS Executive Board 
for guidance. 

To Berniece Miller in the Na- 
tional Church office, the liaison 
to the University. 

To Helen Dickson, our faithful 
and energetic vice president for 
nine years. We will miss 
Helen's humor in the executive 
board meetings. Well done, 
good and faithful servant! 

To Candace Berndt for her art- 
work on the program cover, 
representing "Witnessing with 

To Charlene Rowser, the devo- 
tional leader. The Newsletter 
will include her inspirational 

To Lucille Woesner for the spe- 
cial features in the Devotional 

To Tom McConahay, the auc- 


(continued from page 1) 

Student Activities van. We would chat 
for a few minutes each time she came. 
One day I saw her at a church service. 
When she saw me, she said, "I just 
knew you were a Christian by the way 
you acted!" That was a nice compli- 
ment, but it made me aware of how 
others see me and what I can do to 
cause others to maybe think that I was 
not a Christian. We need to be aware 
of how we appear to others. 

Even though our actions are impor- 
tant to those around us, we cannot use 
the excuse that we let our actions 
speak for us. We still need to be vocal 
about our love for Christ. We need to 
take opportunities to talk to people 
about our faith. Acts 1:8 says: 

But you will receive power when the 
Holy Spirit conies on you; and you will 
be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in 
all Judea and Samaria and to all the 
ends of the earth. 

This command was given to the 
apostles, but it is for all those who 
have received Christ. 

The command is to be "Witnesses for 
Him." We do not need to "preach" to 
those we want to witness to. There will 
be many ways that will open to us. I 
refer to the Lord in much of my con- 
versation. "I guess the Lord had other 
plans for you;" or, when there is a 
death, "I am so happy that he (or she) 
was a Christian;" or "I've asked the 
Lord to watch over my son as he trav- 
els." Some will look at me and not 
know what to say; others will want to 
know what I mean. This gives the op- 
portunity to talk. 

The opportunities are there — we just 
need to take them. It is not easy 
either. There are times when it is very 
difficult. Matthew 28:20 says: 

And surely I will be with you always, 
to the very end of the age. 

This is the Lord telling us that He 
will always go with us. My husband 
has used this saying many times, 
"Talk to God about man before you 
talk to man about God." Pray and ask 
for opportunities to witness. He will 
give them to you. 

As we end our WMS year and think 
of beginning a new one, let's make a 
promise to ourselves to let those 
around us know we are Christians — by 
our actions and our voices. God bless 
each of you. 

Shirley Black, president 

QAtsswnaytf ^JMiscdiamj 

The pleasures of Conference include 
visiting with missionaries. This was an 
exceptional year because several mis- 
sionaries were home. 

Dave and Diane Kerner were on a 
90-day furlough; hence, they returned 
to Colombia soon after Conference. 
Since their flight included four plane 
changes and one was in Panama, they 
asked for special prayer. 

Todd and Tracy Ruggles were con- 
cerned about customs at the Mexican 
border. Their car was full of household 
items for themselves and the Eagles. 
Tim and Jan returned to Mexico City 
the following week, after Tim's ordina- 
tion — which was a joy! 

Illness prevented Maria Miranda 
from attending, and Marilyn Aspinall 
was also sick. Pray for healing for both 
ladies. Maria continues her Spanish 
radio ministry. Marilyn and Ray are 
seeking God's will for their future. 

Since Sharon Winter continued her 
graduate studies in Arizona this sum- 
mer, only Bill was welcomed to Confer- 
ence. They will relocate in the Denver, 
Colorado, area for church planting. 

September missionaries of the 
month are the leaders of home mission 
classes: Jim and Lois Sluss, Pat and 
Kathy Velanzon, and Ken and 
Gretchen Cutrer. 

Jim and Lois returned to the Kryp- 
ton, Kentucky, area one year ago. Jim 
worked for several years in Krypton 
with Margaret Lowery, and Lois's 
home is nearby. They are the natural 
leaders to revive the Krypton church. 
The people show pride in their church 
by physical improvements and in- 
creased attendance. 

The 340 Class is an outgrowth of the 
Bethlehem, Virginia, congregation, 
pastored by Pat Velanzon. This class is 
"on the move" — they are primarily 
truckers who meet on Route 340. 

The University Church, pastored by 
Ken Cutrer since its beginning, was 
given church status by General Con- 
ference. We rejoice with them. 

The October missionaries-of-the- 
month are Maria Miranda and Allen 

Baer. Maria's very successful radio 
broadcast in Spanish reaches millions 
daily throughout Latin America and 
other parts of the world. Allen, from 
the Goshen, Indiana, congregation, 
is the only Brethren missionary in 
Argentina at this time. He is a tent- 
maker; teaching English is his profes- 
sion. He serves in many capacities in 
the church, as well as being the on-site 
overseer for the denomination. Pray 
for the specific needs for each of these 
pastors and missionaries. 

In mid-September Jim Black will be- 
gin his 7-week trip to Asia. Pray for 
his safety and good health, as well as 
contacts and decisions which will be 
made with national missionaries. 

The home mission pastors and work- 
ers are the November missionaries-of- 

The new address for Tim and Jan 
Eagle is: 

Calle 32 No. 32 A-2 

Col. Independencia 

Naucalpan, Edo. de Mexico 

C.P. 53830 


Todd and Tracy Ruggles' new ad- 
dress is: 

Popocatepetl #22-2 

Ricardo Flores Magon 

Naucalpan, Edo. de Mexico 

C.P. 53820 


They appreciate your cards and 




Published bimonthly in January, 
March, May, July, September, and No- 
vember by the Woman's Missionary 
Society of The Brethren Church. 

Mrs. Dorman Ronk, Editor 

1325 Carriage Hill Court 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Subscription price, $7.50 per year in 

Send all subscriptions to Mrs. Robert 
Kroft, 608 Twp. Road 1151, RD 5, Ash- 
land, OH 44805 

Woman's Outlook Newsletter 


Think of the hymn tune 'Father, We 
Thank Thee for the Night" and sing 
these words: 

When the Lord calls you, Come, fol- 
low Him. 

Just let Him live within your heart 

And be His witness from day to day 

He'll walk before you, Leading the 

This was the theme song for the 
week. The words were written by 
Maralene Trainer (Huntington). Sandra 
Medsger (Roann), song leader, and 
Marjorie Bennett (Muncie), pianist, led 
us into worship with this beautiful 
chorus. Since the words are meaning- 
ful and the tune is familiar and sing- 
able, I suggest you use it occasionally 
in your meetings. 

"Witnessing with Power" was the 
theme for the women's meetings. 
Charlene Rowser (Goshen) developed 
the theme in her daily devotions, and 
her talks will be included in the News- 


The committees and the results of 
their efforts are: 

Credential : Anita Hollewell (Lan- 
ark) and Matilda Stout (Peru). Total 
delegates, officers, and registered 
guests were 138. 

Nominating : Corine Austin (Fort 
Wayne), Cindy Stout (Burlington), and 
Pat Lusch (Huntington). The elected 
officers are President — Shirley Black 
(Ashland Park St.); Vice President — 
Judy Tinkel (Milford); Financial Secre- 
tary — Joanne Kroft (Ashland Garber); 
Treasurer — JoAnn Seaman (Ashland 
Park St.) 

Auditing : Sherry Van Duyne (Ash- 
land Park St.) and Lois Barnhart 
(Gratis). The books of the financial sec- 
retary and the literature secretaries 
were in good order. The treasurer's 
books were checked by an outside 

ABCs : These are the Annual Basic 
Commitments for individuals and 
societies. We sometimes call them 
"goals" — the foundation for personal 
and corporate growth. 

For Individuals: 

1. Have personal daily devotions, in- 
cluding Bible reading and prayer. 

2. Personally invite at least one non- 
member, including high school 
girls, to your regular meetings. 

3. Read two suggested books. 

September-October 1993 

For the Society: 

4. Sponsor a special ministry, serv- 
ice, or activity in which: 

a. The purpose of WMS is pro- 

b. An offering is received for the 

5. Offerings and dues: (All checks 
should be made payable to the Na- 
tional WMS and sent to the Fi- 
nancial Secretary: Joanne Kroft, 
608 Twp. Rd. 1151; Route 5, Ash- 
land, Ohio 44805.) 

a. National dues of $7.50 per 
member paid by October 31. 
Send with the revised Newslet- 
ter subscription list. 

b. Offering for the Seminary any 
time during the year. 

c. Thank Offering for benevo- 
lences and Project Offering, if 
not brought to National Con- 

6. Promote work for World Relief; 
follow suggestions in the WMS 
Service Guide for other benevo- 

7. Correspond regularly with Home 
and Foreign missionaries. 

8. Support the growth of the children 
and/or youth ministries of your 
church with prayers, finances, and 

9. Evaluate your society's accom- 
plishments in a written summary to 
your District President by July 1. 

Special Challenge: 

10. Set up a plan to personally en- 
courage and nurture the girls and 
young women of your church. 
You may notice the Board divided 
No. 4, which gives an extra commit- 
ment. No. 10, the special challenge, is 
essential to develop women's leader- 
ship, impress upon them the respon- 
sibilities of our church, seek their 
commitment and loyalty, and replen- 
ish our own ranks. The Sisterhood of 
Mary and Martha was the feeder for 
WMS. Now we need to encourage the 
girls and young ladies by other means, 
and this is the purpose of the Special 

Financial reports to date are: 

Project : $11,271.17 for the Girls' 
Orphanage in India. This concludes 
the two-year project. Last year's offer- 
ing was $11,794, so we surpassed our 
goal of $22,000! We have made a sig- 
nificant difference in the lives of 20 
poor and disadvantaged Indian girls! 

New Project : Malaysia is the mission 
field concentration for the next two 
years. The project is to establish an en- 
dowment fund for the preparation of 

national leaders for the ministry. The 
two-year goal is $25,000. Project offer- 
ings will be invested as the endow- 
ment principal and the interest earned 
will be used for the training. 

The door is opening slowly in Malay- 
sia after years of strict political hin- 
drances. David and Jenny Loi and 
other national workers have perse- 
vered patiently. Continue praying for 

Thank Offering : $9,147.20 This 
money is distributed among the 
benevolences listed in the detailed 
budget — missions: world and home, at 
the discretion of the Missionary Board; 
and Christian education: Riverside, 
Campus Ministry, the Seminary, and 
the AU scholarship. 

Dues : There is no change in the an- 
nual dues per member. This money is 
used for Publications and Other Ex- 

Budget: The budget proposed by the 
Board was adopted: 
Benevolences $18,720 

ATS (public service) $5,940 

World/Home Missions 8,780 

Campus Ministry 1,500 

Riverside Christian 

School 1,500 

Scholarship, AU 1,000 

Publications 8,270 


Devotional Guide 
Other Expenses 1,810 


Social Security 

Gifts and Conference 

Total $28,800 

The budget is $400 less than last 
year, due, in part, to a decrease in 

Appointed Officers : The Board's rec- 
ommendations were approved: 

General Secretary, Grace Grumbling 

Assistant, Trudy Kerner 

Sewing and World Relief Coordina- 
tor, Joan Merrill 

Editor, Newsletter, Joan Ronk 

Editor, Devotional Guide, Jeanette 

Subscription Secretary, Ginny Hoyt 

Literature Secretary, Kathleen 

Assistant, Doris Shultz 

Scholarship : The Board awarded the 
Scholarship to Annalee Hoover from 
the North Georgetown Church. Ann- 
alee is a senior, with a double major: 
biology and religion. The WMS schol- 
arship is given to a senior in good 
standing at Ashland University. 
(continued on page 4) 

Highlights (continued) 

Devotional Guide . Once again 
Jeanette Sullivan has prepared a spe- 
cial Devotional Guide. The theme is 
based on the hymn, "Living for Jesus," 
and the articles are written by women 
in various walks of life who live in 
various parts of the world. The 
monthly feature is prepared by Lucille 
Woesner, an 85-year-old member of 
the Milledgeville society. Lucille's 
original poems, her favorite recipes, 
and 43 great ideas for Mother-Daugh- 
ter banquets in May are the extraordi- 
nary features of the Guide. The 
programs will certainly help us "Live 
for Jesus." 


The luncheon Wednesday noon was 
attended by nearly 300 ladies. The 
Hagerstown ladies made the pro- 
grams: light blue with a white dove in 
flight, depicting the theme of "Witness- 
ing with Power." The Huntington 
ladies made large Victorian-style fans, 
decorated with flowers and beads, for 
the centerpieces and small fans with a 
magnet for individual favors. They 
were lovely. 

The luncheon was delicious: chicken 
a la king in a pastry shell, tossed salad, 
rolls, beverage, and frozen yogurt. 

The program was a surprise. We all 
knew Helen had scheduled Suzanne 
Barr (Mansfield) to portray Suzy Kay 
at Conference. However, we had been 
told that Suzanne lost her voice. We 
believed her, and yet, it was almost 
typical of Suzy Kay — a fictional, very 
precocious child! But it was true! 

Helen implemented Plan B and in- 
troduced past missionaries (Chantal 
Logan and Enid Schrader), present 
missionary (Diane Kerner), and future 
missionaries (Jan Eagle and Tracy 
Ruggles). Each recounted experiences 
from a missionary woman's viewpoint. 

Chantal talked of what a missionary 
faces: immigration laws, materialism, 
and racial prejudice. Her real-life ex- 
periences were humorous and serious. 

Enid recently returned from serving 
two years as a housemother for handi- 
capped people (ages 5-91) in Israel. 
Diane's personal ministry is as a wife, 
mother, and teacher of elementary 
children. Tracy and Jan spoke of life 
with their Mexican families, language 
school, moving and buying furnishings. 
They summed up their attitudes as: 
awe, frustration, and adjustment. 
They were very appreciative of prayer. 

Special music was presented by 
April Lowmaster. Singing her original 
songs with her soft guitar accompani- 
ment, she pleased the ladies. Her 
songs were "Friends," "Before It's Too 
Late," and "Start with Me, Lord." 

The Nappanee ladies received the 
Thank Offering . Roseanna Maust 
made an analogy of making a quilt and 
the project offering: many hands, large 
and small sizes, beautiful colors, and a 
variety of patterns. Mesu Andrews 
called the societies to present their of- 
ferings, while Nancy Hunn played soft 
music. A cablegram of thanks was read 
from Prasanth and Nirmala Kumar. 

During the afternoon service, ladies 
from the Central District presented 
the memorial service . Anita Hollewell, 
Dorothy Nelson, Jeanette Sullivan, 
Nola Cunningham, Melva Staples, and 
Velma Condreay participated with 
appropriate scriptures and readings. 
Flowers were arranged for the 35 de- 
ceased members. 

Special musical numbers throughout 
the Conference were presented by 
Susie Black (New Lebanon) singing "O 
Calvary's Lamb," accompanied by 
Nancy Hunn (Nappanee); Jill and 
Kevin Van Duyne (Roann), who sang 
"Standing on the Promises" and "Jesus 
Will Come Again"; and Joan Ronk 
(Ashland), who played a piano solo, "In 
This Very Room." 

Auction. Tom McConahay auctioned 
beautiful tote bags, large-size and 
baby-size quilts, and a comforter hand- 
made by ladies in Berlin, Mt. Olive, 
and Ashland. This is a fun event and 
netted $590 for missions. 

Installation . The officers were in- 
stalled by Russ Gordon, moderator- 
elect. He charged the officers and the 
members-at-large to declare the 
praises of God, because we are a cho- 
sen people (I Peter 2:9). 




Ruby Bates (Wayne Heights) sug- 
gests: Visit the care-givers. Frequently 
we remember those who are confined 
to their homes— the shut-ins— with 
cards and holiday gifts. But those who 
care for the shut-ins are also "shut in" 
and need a phone call, a house call, or 
a holiday remembrance. Encourage 
the care-givers. 

Copy favorite Bible verses on index 
cards and file them under topical 
headings in a recipe box. Our leader, 
Marilyn Burkey (Ashland Joy), fit five 
cards from her "Courage" category onto 
a page, copied them, and distributed 
six pages to us. We talked about them 
— our favorites and why they were 
helpful. Depending upon your various 
moods, select a category from your 
Prescription for Feelings (recipe box) 
and "think on these." 

Tk 'Editor's Biding 

Dear Friend, 

Conference 1993 is over and begin- 
ning! The official days of meeting to- 
gether concluded August 6. Greetings 
and farewells were given with prom- 
ises of letters, thoughts, and prayers 
for others, as well as promises and 
resolutions to make a difference with 
the inspiration received. That is the 
"beginning" part. 

Inspiration and fellowship are two 
important ingredients of the Brethren 
Conference. Inspiration is my link 
with God, the vertical position, and fel- 
lowship is the horizontal level with 
people. These two distinctions are evi- 
dent in all phases of our lives and 
should be realized in this manner — 
that our vertical relationship with God 
is paramount to our relationship with 
others, even with fellow believers. I 
urge you to keep these in perspective 
in your worship services, WMS meet- 
ings, and your personal life — family 
and work. 

Many good ideas were presented; lis- 
ten to your delegate's report and im- 
plement those which will help you. 
Present better-planned programs. Stop 
doing business as usual. Publicize or 
perish (especially if you have dwin- 
dling attendance). 

Since the Devotional Guide doesn't 
list the Missionary-of-the-Month, I will 
provide information about them for the 
current months covered by the News- 
letter (for example, September and Oc- 
tober for this issue), and only mention 
the missionary for the following 
month; i.e., November — home missions 
and special ministries. 

Labor Day is considered as the end 
of summer and the beginning of fall, 
although not according to the official 
calendar. If you joke about Labor Day 
being a holiday from work, then think 
about this on the following day: "What- 
soever ye do, do it heartily, as to the 
Lord, and not unto men" (Colossians 

Remember, too, that we are all in 
this together. Mother Teresa reminded 
me that work is a cooperative effort; "I 
can do something you can't do and you 
can do something I can't do. But we 
both have to do it." 

Your friend. 

L/ Joan 


Woman's Outlook Newsletter 

them organize a national day of prayer 
and reconciliation workshop, held in 
June of this year. Despite the great 
need for food and water in that coun- 
try, pastors felt that the greatest need 
was for help in bringing reconciliation. 

His second example was Croatia, 
where the evangelical church is con- 
sidered neutral. There, with the help of 
World Relief and other agencies, the 
church is administering relief to Mos- 
lems, Orthodox Christians, Catholics, 
everyone. As a result, people are turn- 
ing to Christianity in droves. 

His third example was from much 
closer home — Des Moines, Iowa — 
where World Relief is helping a coali- 
tion of churches organize the Christian 
Relief Effort, a uniquely Christian re- 
sponse to the flood in that area. The 
churches of the area are providing vol- 
unteers to do clean up and give other 
help, and World Relief is providing 
cleaning supplies, construction materi- 

als, and money for 
vouchers for needed 
professional services. 
Loudon concluded 
his message by re- 
minding Brethren 
that we are a part of 
these efforts because 
we are a part of the 
body of Christ. He 
said that he wants 
every Brethren per- 
son to feel a part of 
World Relief, to 
"own it." As Breth- 
ren minister to World 
Relief, he said, 
World Relief in turn 
ministers to others by 
helping the church be 
the church, which 
includes being in- 
volved in social 
action ministry. [ft] 

David Loudon (r.) chats with Enid Schroder and Rev. Robert 
Schubert following the World Relief Luncheon. 

New Moderator Russell Gordon 

"Somewhere this week I heard some- 
one say that this week is a wake-up 
call for The Brethren Church. And I 
believe it is," said the newly installed 
General Conference moderator, Rev. 
Russell Gordon, in a message that con- 
cluded the 105th General Conference 
of The Brethren Church. "[It is] a wake- 
up call to the realities of the world 
around us," he continued. 

Alluding to those realities, he asked 
what is 750,000 miles long, reaches 

around the earth 30 times, and grows 
20 miles longer each day. It is the line 
of people who are without the Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

In order for those people to hear the 
Good News of Jesus Christ, we must 
shout it out, we must declare it to 
them, Gordon continued. Thus the 
theme for the 1994 Conference year is 
"Called to Declare," based on 1 Peter 
2:9, he said. "I believe the wake-up 
call that started sounding loud and 

clear Monday evening and is continu- 
ing even now is the 'Call to Declare," 
he said. "To declare the message of 
salvation that is possible to every sin- 
gle person because of the love of the 
Lord Jesus Christ for each of them." 

"I challenge you this year to hear 
the call, to wake up, and to declare 
that love of Jesus Christ, the love of 
the one that loved you enough to bring 
you out of darkness," the new mod- 
erator said. He added that his prayer is 
that Brethren will be looking for ways 
to share the gospel. "Brethren, that's 
our wake-up call," he said. [ir] 

New moderator Russell Gordon (c.) with his wife, Sherrie, 
and son, Ryan. 

At the 
ary Ban- 
quet on 
of Confer- 
ence, Mis- 
Dr. Arden 
(r.) pre- 
aries Bill (I.) and Sharon Winter (who was unable to attend Con- 
ference) a plaque in appreciation for their 21 years of missionary 
service in Argentina. The Winters have terminated their service in 
Argentina and feel called to serve as tentmakers in a Brethren 
church-planting effort in the Denver, Colorado, area. 

September 1993 


General Conference Report 

Conference Business Sessions 

GCEC Recommendation 1 

The proposed change in national of- 
fice organization and finances recom- 
mended by the General Conference 
Executive Council (GCEC) (see pages 
11-13 of the July/August Evangelist) 
was the major topic of discussion dur- 
ing Conference business sessions. Af- 
ter the recommendation was brought to 
the floor during the Wednesday bus- 
iness session, delegates were given an 
opportunity to discuss it in small groups 
and to bring back questions to a panel 
made up of GCEC members. 

It soon became evident that the rec- 
ommendation was not widely sup- 
ported and that delegates were more 
interested in discussing the poor finan- 
cial support from churches, which 
made the recommendation necessary, 
than in discussing the recommendation 
itself. The Wednesday business ses- 
sion ended with no action having been 
taken on the recommendation. 

Unofficial discussions continued 
throughout the day. That evening, sev- 
eral persons proposed that an outside 
consultant be hired to study the organ- 
ization and finances of The Brethren 
Church before any reorganization take 
place. In addition, these people com- 
mitted themselves to raise the money 
to hire the consultant. 

This proposal was set before GCEC 
during its meeting at 6:30 a.m. on 
Thursday. Following discussion, the 
Executive Council developed the fol- 
lowing motion, which it presented to 
Conference later that morning: 

That we authorize the moderator to 
appoint a committee of two GCEC mem- 
bers and three non-GCEC members 
(including a representative from the 
Missionary Board) to hire and work 
with an outside facilitator to develop 
comprehensive strategies for long-range 
and short-range financial and organ- 
izational planning in The Brethren 
Church, based upon the priorities we 
have established for our ministries, this 
report to be completed by January 1 994. 

The motion received a generally 
favorable reaction from delegates and, 
after some discussion, was approved. 

Excellent Spirit 

An excellent spirit prevailed dur- 
ing the business sessions of Con- 
ference, as was the case through- 
out Conference week. Delegates 
dealt with some challenging issues, 
and particularly the recommenda- 
tion concerning national office or- 
ganization and finances, peaceably 
and in an attitude of good will. This 
was due at least in part to the way 
Conference week and each day of 
the week began— -with Brethren 
spending extended periods of time 
together in prayer. 

And the Importance of prayer 
was not lost during the business 
session. At a critical point in the 
proceedings, before taking a vote 
on the motion to hire a facilitator to 
help develop comprehensive strat- 
egies for the church, Conference 
took a ten-minute time out to pray 
about the issue. 

Immediately thereafter, a follow-up 
motion was made from the floor: That 
the local Brethren churches and pas- 
tors understand that they have a moral 
and spiritual obligation to pay their 
fair share for fulfilling the ministry of 
The Brethren Church, and that the 
GCEC find ways to express this vision 
of accountability to the local churches. 
This motion was also approved. 

Congressional petition 

Delegates took decisive action in the 
waning minutes of Conference, when 
they approved with little discussion a 

Conference Offerings 

Delegates to Conference were 
more than generous during the 
week. They gave nearly $4,700 to- 
ward Conference expenses, plus 
more than $2,200 In an offering for 
Concerts of Prayer International. 
And $1,990 was received at the 
World Relief Soup Luncheon in an 
offering that will go to World Relief 
of NAE for Midwest flood relief. Be- 
sides the offerings, another $590 
was raised for Brethren missions 
through a quilt auction sponsored 
by the National W.M.S. 

motion to send the following petition 
to the members of the United States 

The 105th General Conference of 
The Brethren Church opposes SB25, 
HR25, HR4, and any other legislation 
before the Senate or House of Repre- 
sentatives which would encourage 
abortion, pay for abortions, or limit a 
state 's rights to regulate abortions. It 
also opposes any legislation which in 
any way promotes or allows fetal tis- 
sue research. Further, the Conference 
opposes HR431 and any other legisla- 
tion which would present homosexual- 
ity or lesbianism as a civil rights issue. 
It opposes making "sexual prefer- 
ences" a civil rights issue. It does not, 
and will not, support any legislation 
which seeks to condone or encourage 
any sexual activity that the Bible de- 
fines as immoral. 

New Church 

The University Church, which meets 
on the Ashland University campus, 
was elevated from a class to full 
church status. This congregation, 
which began on November 3, 1991, 
averaged 100 in its worship services 
during 1992. Rev. Ken Cutrer is the 


Rev. Reilly Smith was declared elected 
(he ran unopposed) as the 1993-94 
moderator-elect. Rev. Smith is pastor 
of the Mulvane, Kans., Brethren Church 
and just completed a 3-year term as 
West Region representative on GCEC. 
He is also a member of the Missionary 

Also elected to GCEC were Rev. 
Gene Eckerley, Indiana District Elder 
and pastor of the Mishawaka, Ind., 
Community Brethren Church (member 
at-large); David West, pastor of North- 
west Brethren Chapel in Tucson, Ariz. 
(West Region representative); and 
Jeanette Sullivan, a member (and wife 
of the pastor of the Milledgeville, 111., 
Brethren Church (Plains Region repre- 
sentative, to complete the one year re- 
maining in the term of the late Mark 


The Brethren Evangelist 

The following were elected to the 

Spiritual Formation — Mary Ellen 
Drushal (ch.), Carolyn Cooksey, Jerry 
Flora, Dee Keplinger, and Brian Moore. 

Evangelism and Church Growth — 
Lee Solomon (ch.), Randy Saultz, Mike 
Woods, Cindy Smith, and Steve Cole. 

Leadership Development — Kerry 
Scott (ch.), Jim Hollinger, Charles Mun- 
son, Kurt Stout, and Sherry Van Duyne. 

New Booklet 

The report "How Brethren Under- 
stand the Bible" from the Committee 
on Doctrine, Research, and Publication 
was discussed, given minor revisions, 
then accepted. This document, retitled 
How Brethren Understand God's 
Word, will now be printed and made 
available in booklet form. 

Cooperative ministry 

Conference approved GCEC Rec- 
ommendation 2, that General Confer- 
ence elect a special seven-member 
committee (five elders, 1 layman, 1 lay- 
woman) to explore the possibility of 
closer ties and cooperative ministry with 
a like-minded denomination that shares 
our vision, such as the Brethren in 
Christ. An amendment to include the 
words or merger after cooperative 
ministry was "soundly defeated." Mem- 
bers elected to this committee are eld- 
ers Richard Allison, Arden Gilmer, 
Brian Moore, Jim Rowsey, and Dale 
Stoffer; layman Jim Hollinger; and 
laywoman Brenda Colijn. 

Credential fees 

A GCEC recommendation that Gen- 
eral Conference credential fees be 
raised from $30 to $50 was adopted. 

$L'$ f\ 

Statistical Report 

Brethren at the end of 1992 num- 
bered 13,132 in 124 organizations 
(117 churches, 3 mission congrega- 
tions, 4 classes). This was 190 few- 
er members than a year earlier 
(13,322), but still 72 more than at 
the end of 1990 (13,060). Average 
worship attendance (11,099) in 
1992 was also down from 1991 lev- 
els (11,292). In fact, according to 
Statistician Ralph McBride, attend- 
ances were down in every category 
except for children and youth groups. 
On the positive side, giving showed 
an increase in nearly every category 
listed on the financial summary. 

Voting members of General Conference Executive Council, photographed during their 
installation, are (I. to r.) new moderator Russ Gordon, Pat Velanzon, past moderator 
Glenn Grumbling, moderator-elect Reilly Smith, Gene Eckerley, Brenda Colijn, David 
Stone, Jim Miller, Jan Sullivan, and (not in the picture) Dave West. 

This was with the understanding that 
delegate fees would now cover the 
entire cost of Conference, including 
planning and administration, and that 
future Conference offerings would be 
used for special ministries, and not for 
Conference expenses. (Note: Creden- 
tial fees are paid by the churches, and 
not by delegates themselves. Each 
church is responsible for payment of 
credential fees for each ordained 
Brethren elder who is a member of the 
congregation and for all lay delegates 
to which it is entitled. A church is 
entitle to two delegates for it first 50 
members or fraction thereof, and an 
additional delegate for every addition- 
al 50 members or fraction over 25.) 

100 percent churches 

Thirty-seven churches were present- 
ed certificates of appreciation for giv- 
ing 100 percent or more of their Fair 
Share for Brethren Church ministries in 
1992. The churches, by district, were — 
Florida: St. Petersburg; Southeastern: 
Bethlehem, Liberty, Linwood, St. 
James; Pennsylvania: Johnstown Third, 
Pleasant View, Sarver, Valley, Wayne 
Heights; Ohio: Garber, Gratis, Gretna, 
Louisville First, New Lebanon, Park 
Street, Smithville, Smoky Row; Indiana: 
Brighton Chapel, Dutchtown, Elkhart, 
Jefferson, Kokomo (356%!), New Paris, 
North Manchester, Oakville, Peru, 
Roanoke, Teegarden, Wabash, Warsaw; 
Central: Lanark, Waterloo; Midwest: 
Mulvane; Southwest: Northwest Chapel, 
Tucson; California: Northgate. Three 
other churches recognized for giving 
very close to 100 percent were Mt. Olive 
(99%), Roann (99%), and St. Luke 

Delegate totals 

Registered delegates totaled 431 — 
161 ministerial (41 in absentia), 237 lay, 
23 district, and 10 cooperative. [i>] 

1994 Planning Budget 

Support and Revenue 


Fair Share* 


Contributions & Bequests 


Total Support* 



Fees for Memberships 

& Conferences 


Fees for Materials 


Investment Income 


Miscellaneous Revenue 


Total Revenue 


Total Support & Revenue 719,000 


Designated Distributions 




Printing, Travel, Rent, 
Equipment, Deprecia- 
tion, Legal, & Interest 129,000 

Salaries & Related 202,000 

Meetings and Ministry 
Projects 75,000 

General Conference 30,500 

Total Expenses $653,000 

Excess of Support & Rev- 
enues Over Expenses* 66,000 

•Figured on the basis of full Fair 
Share support from all churches. If 
only 70% of Fair Share support is 
received (about what it has been in 
recent years) t Fair Share support 
would be $222,000, resulting in a 
shortfall of $29,000. To achieve a 
balanced budget, 79% of full Fair 
Share support would need to be re- 

September 1993 


General Conference Report 

General Conference Auxiliaries 

Brethren Men of Mission 

Past accomplishments and future 
challenges were set before the Breth- 
ren Men of Mission (BMOM) during 
their sessions at General Conference. 

Dorman Ronk reported on accomplish- 
ments during the summer at Riverside 
Christian Training School on the Men 
of Mission work project to complete 
the new classroom building there. He 
said that approximately 70 people had 
helped with the project and that, as a 
result, the building was nearly finished, 
with only a few projects remaining. 

Doren Hostetler, administrator at Riv- 
erside, was at the session to thank the 
men for their work. He said that he 
hoped the school would to be able to 
use the building when classes began 
on August 18. 

BMOM president Ken Van Duyne 
expressed his appreciation for what the 
Men of Mission have accomplished in 
the past several years. At the same 
time, he spoke about his frustrations, 
frustration over the small number of 
men at the Conference sessions, their 
seeming lack of progress, and the feel- 
ing of complacency among the men. 

Men of Mission are making a differ- 
ence, but he challenged them to make 
a bigger difference by hearing and fol- 
lowing God's calling. He specifically 
challenged the men to (1) be involved 
in a one-on-one discipling program 
with at least one other person; (2) take 
a stand for Christian standards in their 
communities; and (3) take an interest 
in a young person in their church. 

The men took a stand on one current 
issue during their sessions. Curt Hamel 
informed the men of a new television 
series to begin airing on ABC this fall 
called NYPD Blue, which is expected 
to be the first "R-rated" series on net- 
work TV. He encouraged the men to 
take back to their churches for signa- 
tures copies of a petition asking local 
ABC affiliates not to air the show. The 
men also instructed the BMOM execu- 
tive committee to write a letter to the 
national headquarters of ABC protest- 
ing the airing of NYPD Blue. 

Perhaps the biggest challenge set be- 
fore the men during their meeting was 
the project goal for 1993-94. The men 
adopted a goal to raise $10,000 during 
the coming year for capital improve- 
ments at Riverside Christian School. 

In addition to their two business ses- 
sions, the Men of Mission held a picnic 
at noon on Wednesday of Conference 

week, at which they were joined by the 
pastors. After the meal, Professor Ken- 
neth Walther of Ashland Theological 
Seminary gave a brief slide and narra- 
tion introduction to biblical archaeol- 
ogy and to the seminary's new Flora 
Archaeological Center, which had just 
been dedicated that morning in honor 
of Dr. Delbert and Romayne Flora. 
Following this introductory lecture, Dr. 
Walther led the men on a tour of the 
Flora Archaeological Center. [ft] 

Association of Brethren Elders 

Dr. David Bryant, the General Con- 
ference inspirational speaker, spoke to 
Brethren elders at the Tuesday meeting 
of the Elders' Association. Believing 
that in most churches God has already 
prepared a core group of people for 
meaningful prayer, Dr. Bryant set forth 
a plan by which pastors could get these 
people and others in the church en- 
gaged in a one-month or one-year 
movement of prayer for revival. 

He recommended getting people in- 
volved in prayer at four levels: (1) closet 
(personal) prayer — asking people to make 
a commitment to pray five minutes a 
day specifically for revival; (2) cluster 
(cell) prayer — (a) in family units, 
praying five minutes a day for revival, 
and (b) in prayer triplets, three people 
from different units (families) meeting 
once a week for ten minutes of prayer; 
(3) congregational prayer — (a) spend- 
ing ten minutes in the worship service 
to pray for concerns related to revival, 
and (b) having monthly local church 
Concerts of Prayer; (4) Concerts of Prayer 
in the community, held twice a year, 
with people from the churches of the 
community coming together to pray. 

Dr. Bryant said that this kind of 
prayer movement increases not only 
praying but also commitment. People 
who pray for revival become a part of 
the answers to their prayers as they be- 
come workers in God's harvest. 

Following this presentation and a 
short question and answer period, Dr. 
Bryant led the elders through a season 
of prayer. 

During their session on Thursday, the 
elders presented memorials, elected 
officers, heard reports, and took care 
of other association business. 

Memorials were presented for elders 
W.E. Thomas and Mark Baker, who 
died during the past year. Elder David 
Benshoff also spoke about his son, 
Dustin, who died unexpectedly just days 
before Conference. 

In the elections, Gene Eckerley and 
Gerald Barr were re-elected president 
and secretary-treasurer respectively. 
Dennis Sigle was elected vice-president 
and Richard Craver was chosen to be 
assistant secretary-treasurer. 

Plans for future pastors' conferences 
were reviewed. The 1994 "Pastoral Fam- 
ily Retreat" is scheduled for April 19- 
21 at the Brown County State Park near 
Nashville, Ind. Featured speakers will 
be Dr. Charles Lake, founding pastor 
of Community Church of Greenwood, 
a unique congregation ministering in 
the Greenwood Ind., community; and 
Dr. Jay Kesler, president of Taylor 
University and a well-known author. 

Looking ahead to the following year, 
the 1995 conference is tentatively 
scheduled for April 25-27 at Beulah 
Beach (on Lake Erie), Ohio. [ft] 

W.M.S. Sessions 

A report of the Woman's Missionary 
Society sessions at General Confer- 
ence is included in The Woman 's Out- 
look Newsletter, which is in the center 
of this issue of the Evangelist. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

General Conference Report 

The BYIC Convention 

National Brethren Youth in Christ 
held what will be remembered as one 
of their best Conventions ever! Ap- 
proximately 105 youth from all over 
the nation gathered for a week of wor- 
ship and spiritual revitalization. 

This year has been a good one for 
the BYIC. The Lord has truly blessed 
the youth and their program. During 
1993, the youth have seen an increase 
of 192 new members, bringing this year's 
total BYIC registration to 830 youth! 

The 1993 BYIC budget was set at 
$6,500, but we went well over this, re- 
ceiving more than $1 1,000 for our Na- 
tional BYIC Ingathering. Our thanks 
to the youth for all their hard work and 
dedication to this year's goal. Our 1993 
BYIC project, Riverside Christian 
Training School, will receive a gener- 
ous portion of our ingathering moneys. 

Some other highlights of the week 
included the post-high joining the adults 
for the Concert of Prayer and for their 
business sessions; a panel discussion 
of the Brethren stand on contemporary 
issues; a missions banquet at which 
Dave Kerner, Brethren missionary to 
Colombia, brought forth a challenge to 
the youth; and Communion, led by 
Charles Munson and Mark Ray. 

BYIC Steering Committee members for 1994, shown here as they were being installed, 
are (I. to r.) Tony Price, Sarah Hollewell, Stacy Oligee, Chad Geaslen, Jaime Gillespie, 
Christy Sigle, and Dawn Kidd. 

The youth also participated in sem- 
inars on worship and on lukewarm Chris- 
tians (how not to be one!); the Cru- 
sader Review; a Coffeehouse; youth 
worship services including morning 
praise; share and prayer groups; and an 
outdoor concert by Lee Behnken. 

The Convention concluded with a 
special business session on Friday 
morning at which we voted to give the 
adults a $2,000 love gift to help them 
with their budget. The 1994 Steering 

The BYIC Ingathering 

Holding the trophy 
presented to the Lan- 
ark, III., BYIC for 
raising the most 
money for the 1993 
BYIC budget and 
project are (I. to r.) 
Sarah Hollewell, 
Brad Linboom, and 
Aaron Hollewell. 
The Lanark BYIC 
contributed $6,500 
to the ingathering, 
which was equal to 
the total amount ex- 
pected from all the 
BYIC groups! Other 
top givers to the 
BYIC ingathering 
were New Lebanon, 
Ohio ($962.18); 

North Manchester, Ind. ($621.42); Milledgeville, III. ($550); and Jefferson, Ind. ($500). 
As of August 20 a total of $11,794.70 had been received for the Ingathering. 

Committee was also announced: Chad 
Geaslen, Fremont; Jaime Gillespie, 
Vinco; Sarah Hollewell, Lanark; Dawn 
Kidd, Bethlehem; Stacy Oligee, West 
Alexandria; Tony Price, New Lebanon; 
and Christy Sigle, Burlington. The 
BYIC Steering Committee is responsi- 
ble for evaluating and planning the 
BYIC Convention and is also a brain- 
storming group for the National BYIC. 
Begin planning now for another great 
BYIC Convention August 8-12, 1994! 

— Tony Price 

Tony, a member of the BYIC Steer- 
ing Committee, is a senior at Ashland 

Special Recognition 

During the Friday morning com- 
bined adult and youth closing serv- 
ice of Conference, the five largest 
BYIC groups in the denomination 
were recognized. They are: 
New Lebanon: . . 73 members 
Jefferson: . . .-. , 41 members 
St James: ♦ . . , 40 members 
North Manchester: 29 members 
Milledgeville: , , , 29 members 
Special recognition was also given 
to the Vinco Sr, High and the Sarver 
BYIC groups for completing the 
1993 local goals; and to the Tucson, 
Linwood, South Bend Jr., Roann, 
Bethlehem, Jefferson, New Lebanon, 
and Milledgeville Sr, High, Jr. High, 
and 4th-5th BYIC groups for partici- 
pating In the goals program. 

September 1993 




The Northview Brethren Life worship center. The main entrance is at the center of 
the photo; Sunday school rooms and offices are to the left; the multi-purpose area 
where worship services are held is behind the Sunday school rooms. 

Northview Brethren Life Church 
Dedicates New Worship Center 

Springboro, Ohio — A dedication 
service was held Sunday afternoon, Au- 
gust 1 , for the new worship center of the 
Northview Brethren Life Church. 

The 13,200-square-foot worship cen- 
ter is the initial church building of this 
Home Mission congregation. The group, 
which began in March of 1989, used 
rented facilities during its first four 
years of meetings. 

The building features a 60- by 100- 
foot multi-purpose area that is used for 
worship services, but which can also 
serve as a gymnasium. This multi-pur- 
pose area is capable of holding 700 peo- 
ple, but seating for a smaller number is 
currently being provided. A large stage 

area along one side of the room serves 
as the platform for those leading wor- 
ship services. 

The building also contains six class- 
rooms (two of which can be subdivided 
to make two additional classrooms) 
three offices, a kitchen/refreshment 
center, a racquetball court, and rest- 

The building is of wood frame con- 
struction, with the front part and the 
entrance area encased in brick and the 
rest of the building covered with metal 
siding. The cost of the building was ap- 
proximately $330,000 plus hundreds of 
work-hours by members and friends of 
the congregation, who did most of the 

construction work. Bill Scott, a member 
of the church, was construction super- 
visor, assisted by his son Mike. 

Rev. Arch Nevins, pastor of North- 
view Brethren Life, led the dedication 
service. Comments were shared by Rev. 
Bob Westfall, who as chair of the Ohio 
District Mission Board in 1989 played 
an important role in getting this Home 
Mission church started; and by Rev. 
Russ Gordon, Director of Home Mis- 
sions and Church Growth for The 
Brethren Church. Rev. Gene Hollinger, 
an elder in the congregation, led the 
responsive commitment of the building 
to God and offered a prayer of dedica- 
tion for the facility. 

The service also included segments of 
group singing; a time of recognition for 
those who have played an important 
part in the life of the church and in the 
construction of the building; a skit by 
the Pebble Players; a history of the con- 
gregation in slides; and a closing prayer 
by Pastor Nevins. Special music in- 
cluded solos by Adam Nevins (son of 
Pastor Nevins) and a duet by Pastor 
Nevins and Claudia Hurst. 

Approximately 125 attended the 
dedication service, including visitors 
from a number of Brethren churches. 
Among the visitors was General Confer- 
ence Moderator Glenn Grumbling and 
his wife, Nancy. 

The new church building is located on 
Ohio Route 123 at Dearth Road, on the 
south side of Springboro, about two 
miles east of Interstate 75. The congre- 
gation currently averages over 100 in 

Dolly Zerbe Honored for 
11 Years of Service as 
Indiana W.M.S. President 

Shipshewana, Ind. — Dolly Zerbe 
was honored June 5 at the Indiana Dis- 
trict Conference by the Woman's Mis- 
sionary Society for her 11 years as dis- 
trict W.M.S. president. 

A poem was read in her honor which 
had been written for the occasion by 
Waneta Finster of the Peru First Breth- 
ren Church. The poem said, in part: 

How do we say "Thank you" to a gal 

like you ? 
What tokens of our love can we share 

with you? 
We've boxed them all up and wrapped 

them too 
And tied them with a big ribbon of 



Now reach into the box and you will find 
The many gifts we have for you in our 
hearts and mind. 

"Thanks" for all you have done 
"Strength" for the days to come. 
"Peace" of heart when things go 

"Joy" of serving Hun in song. 
"Health" to do your daily tasks 
And God to direct you is all we ask. 

The poem went on to describe an- 
other gift yet to come, "... a painting 
from the brush of Matilda Stout." 
Dolly was given the opportunity to 
choose one of several oil paintings by 
Matilda, an artist in the Peru First 
Brethren Church. This painting was 
then presented "officially" to Dolly on 
June 18, which happened to be both 
Dolly's and Matilda's birthdays. 

Dolly is a member of the Loree First 
Brethren Church. She has now turned 
the responsibilitities of Indiana Dis- 

trict W.M.S. president over to Susie 
Stout, a member of the Peru Church. 

— reported by Susie Stout 

In appreciation for her 1 1 years as Indiana 
District W.M.S. president, Dolly Zerbe (r.) is 
presented a painting by artist Matilda Stout. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Seminary Archaeological Center Dedicated 
In Honor of Dr. Delbert and Romayne Flora 

Ashland, Ohio — Dr. Delbert and 
Romayne Flora were honored August 4 
for their loyalty and service to Ashland 
Theological Seminary by the dedication 
of the Flora Archaeological Center. 

The dedication ceremony was held dur- 
ing Conference week, with many of the 
Brethren attending Conference present 
to join in honoring the Floras. 

The Center houses more than 1,400 
artifacts from biblical times. The major- 
ity of these are from the 1,200-piece 
Robert H. Smith Archaeological Collec- 
tion, which Delbert and Romayne were 
principally responsible for securing. 
The Floras also served as curators of the 
artifacts, cataloging and photographing 
the entire collection. 

In addition to the Smith Collection, a 
number of the artifacts were given to 
the seminary by the Floras themselves. 
These were from a collection they as- 
sembled during seven trips to the Holy 
Land between 1952 and 1974. 

Delbert, who served the seminary as 
dean and professor of biblical studies 
from 1946 through 1979, was the first 
graduate (in 1931) of the seminary after 
it became a graduate school of theology. 
Two years earlier he had graduated 
from Ashland College, and that Septem- 
ber had married Romayne, who has 

been his constant companion and friend. 

Together they served churches in Illi- 
nois, Indiana, and Pennsylvania before 
he was named a faculty member at the 
seminary in 1946. They also became the 
parents of three children — Guy, a 
schoolteacher (now retired and editor of 
a magazine); Jerry, a professor at the 
seminary; and John, a medical doctor. 

Delbert served as dean of the sem- 
inary from 1953 to 1963. During that 

Flora with 
sons Jerry 
(I.) and 
Guy, and 
(I. to r.) 
Pat, and 
could not 
be present 
for the 

time he persuaded then Ashland Col- 
lege President Glenn L. Clayton not to 
close the financially strapped school. 

"It is because of Delbert Flora that 
Ashland Theological Seminary exists 
today," stated President Emeritus Clay- 
ton. "He simply would not give in to the 
pressures to close the seminary. He con- 
vinced me it could work." ATS is now the 
largest seminary in Ohio. 

The dedication ceremony was hosted 
by Dr. Fred Finks, vice president of 
ATS. Others participating included Dr. 
Jerry Flora, Rev. David Cooksey, Thomas 
Stoffer, Rev. Ronald W. Waters, Dr. John 
Shultz, and Dr. Ken Walther. 

Tim Eagle Ordained to Brethren Eldership 
August 15th in Ashland University Chapel 

Ashland, Ohio — Tim Eagle was or- 
dained an elder in The Brethren Church 
and his wife, Jan, was consecrated as 
the wife of an elder in a service held 
August 15 in the Religious Life Center 
of the Ashland University Chapel. 

Rev. and Mrs. Eagle are Brethren mis- 
sionaries to Mexico. They spent six 
months earlier this year (January -July) 
in language training in Mexico, and the 
day after the ordination they flew to 
Mexico City to begin their ministry. 

Tim (28) is the son of Lonnie and Ann 
(Lindower) Eagle of Galion, Ohio. He 
attended Ashland University (AU) and 
as a student joined the Ashland Park 
Street Brethren Church and committed 
his life to Christian service. He was 
active in campus ministry and the Sum- 
mer Crusader program. 

Following graduation from AU in 
1987 with a B.A. degree in religion and 
philosophy, he entered Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary, from which he received 
in 1 992 a Master of Divinity degree with 

an emphasis in missions. While in sem- 
inary he helped lead the short term out- 
reach ministry at Park Street Church. 

Jan is the daughter of Don and 
LaVerne Zimmerly of Orrville, Ohio. 
She grew up in the Smithville, Ohio, 
Brethren Church, where she accepted 
Christ and became a member as a child. 

She, likewise, attended Ashland Uni- 
versity, graduating with a B.S. degree 

Rev. Tim 

and Jan 

Eagle (c.) 

with Tim's 



and Ann 

Eagle (L), 

and Jan's 


Don and 



in elementary education in 1988. That 
same year, on May 28, 1988, she and 
Tim were married. While Tim finished 
seminary, she did substitute teaching 
and took classes at the seminary in mis- 
sions and Christian education. 

Dr. Fred Finks, vice president of Ash- 
land Theological Seminary, gave the 
message for the Eagles' ordination serv- 
ice. Also participating in the service 
were Rev. Ralph Gibson, Rev. David 
Cooksey, Dr. Arden Gilmer, and Rev. 
Jim Rowsey. Tom McConahay sang, 
and Mrs. Holly Finks served as pianist. 

September 1993 





In Memory 

Warren Dosch, 72, August 25. Member of the 
Pleasant View Brethren Church and of the Men 
of Mission. Services by Pastor R. Keith Hensley. 
Zelma Doggett, 101, August 21. Longtime mem- 
ber of the Park Street Brethren Church and of the 
Builders Sunday school class, and the oldest 
member of the congregation at the time of her 
death. Services by Pastor Arden Gilmer, assisted 
by Mrs. Doggett's son, Rev. Dwight Doggett. 
Irene M. Lutz, 85, August 19. Member for more 
than 30 years and deaconess of the Sarasota First 
Brethren Church. Services by pastor Daniel Gray 
and Mark Ray. 

Glenn S. Miller, Sr., 73, August 12. Member of 
the Vinco Brethren Church. Services by Pastor 
James Tomb. 

Frances M. Miller, 80, August 2. Member for 
23'/2 years of the Bryan First Brethren Church, 
where she served as a Sunday school teacher for 
many years and was a faithful member of the 
W.M.S. Services by Rev. John Horning, Rev. 
Jack Teeple, and Rev. Gary Keisling. 
Anna M. Obermyer, 77, August 2. Member for 
66 '/2 years of the Bryan First Brethren Church, 
where she was also a faithful member of the 
W.M.S. Services by Dr. Earl Thomas. 
Benjamin K. Brenner, 26, July 28. Member of 
the Gretna Brethren Church. Services by Rev. 
James F. Black and Rev. Rod Rodriguez. 
Joseph B. Turner, 77, July 28. Member of the 
Mathias Brethren Church, where he had served 
as Sunday school superintendent and trustee. 
Services by Pastor Jerry Fike. 
Gordon L. Clark, 67, July 18. Member for 40 
years of the North Manchester First Brethren 
Church, where he served as an usher. Services by 
Pastor Marlin McCann and Rev. Robert 

Beulah Ridenour, 102, July 17. Member for 46 
years of the Bryan First Brethren Church, where 
she was also a member of the W.M.S. Services 
by Dr. Earl Thomas. 

James Puterbaugh, 64, July 13. Member of the 
Park Street Brethren Church. Services by Pastor 
Arden Gilmer and Rev. Virgil Ingraham. 
Weldon Worl, 82, July 1 1. Lifelong member of 
the Loree Brethren Church. The Worl family 
donated the land on which the Loree Church 
building stands. Services by Pastor James 
Thomas and Rev. Claude Stogsdill. 
Esther Engles, 92, July 4. Member of the Lanark 
First Brethren Church. Services by Pastor James 

Mary Ellen Copeland, 77, July 2. Member for 
45 years of the Warsaw First Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Mitchell Funkhouser. 


were sad- 
dened by 
the sud- 
den and 
ed death 
July 22 of 
son of Rev. 
David and 
D e anna 
Dustin, 13, 
was a 

member of the St. Luke Brethren Church 
near Woodstock, Va., where his father is 
the pastor. He would have been an 8th 
grader this fall at Woodstock Middle 
School. Death followed a severe asthma 
attack. Services by Rev. Mike Woods and 
Rev. Patrick Velanzon. 

Contributions toward large medical ex- 
penses not covered by insurance may be sent 
to the "Dustin Benshoff Memorial Fund" in 
care of the St. Luke Brethren Church, Rt. 2, 
Box 197 A, Woodstock, VA 22664. 

Pauline Smith, 80, July 1. Member for 67 years 
of the North Manchester First Brethren Church, 
where she was also a member of the Hadassah 
W.M.S. Circle and chair of the benevolence pro- 
jects. Services by Rev. Woodrow Immel, dea- 
cons, and family members. 
James Arthur Kiracofe. 69, June 17. Member 
since 1938 of the Gratis First Brethren Church, 
where he had served as Sunday school teacher, 
moderator, choir member, and member of Men 
of Mission. Services by Pastor Robert French. 
Leslie A. Moore, 78, June 12. Member for 39 
years of the Waterloo Hammond Avenue Breth- 
ren Church. Services by Pastor Ronald L. Waters. 
Hazel Schwartz, 90, June 10. Longtime member 
of the Warsaw First Brethren Church. Services 
by Pastor Mitchell Funkhouser. 
Lee Buckman, 7 1 , June 8. Member of the North 
Georgetown First Brethren Church. Services by 
Pastor Fred Brandon. 

Dorothy Conrad, 74, June 8. Member and dea- 
coness for more than 40 years of the Corinth 
Brethren Church. Services by Pastor Bill Brady 
and Rev. G. Bright Hanna. 

Marion Dietz, 86, June 8. Member for 52 years 
of the Waterloo Hammond Avenue Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor Ronald L. Waters. 
Norman Howard, Sr., 65, June 5. Member of 
the West Alexandria First Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor David S. Oligee. 
Garoldine Bell, 70, May 23. Member for 12 
years of the Waterloo Hammond Avenue Breth- 
ren Church. Services by Pastor Ronald L. Waters. 
Walter L. Gaskin, 57, April 22. Member for 15 
years of the New Paris First Brethren Church, 
where he served as chair of the Deacon Council, 
trustee, and member of the Christian Education 
Board. Services by Pastor Brad Hardesty and 
Rev. Robert Bischof. 

Mary Ormston, 74, April 8. Member for 65 
years of the Waterloo Hammond Avenue Breth- 
ren Church. Services by Pastor Ronald L. Waters. 


Christine Rhodes to Aaron Violet, August 21, 
in Martinsburg, Pa. Groom a member of the St. 
James Brethren Church. 

Lauren J. Davis to Douglas L. Culler, August 
14, in Hagerstown, Md. Groom a member of the 
St. James Brethren Church. 
Janet Munson to Jeff Paterson, July 24, at the 
Milford First Brethren Church; Pastor Paul 
Tinkel officiating. Groom a member of the Mil- 
ford First Brethren Church. 
Joy Pearson to Matthew Snell, July 24, in Lin- 
coln, Nebr. Groom a member of the North Man- 
chester First Brethren Church. 
Kelly McCammon to Jack Clark, July 10, in 
Long Grove, 111. Groom a member of the North 
Manchester First Brethren Church. 
Debra Kay Chasteen to Ryan Edward Nelson, 
June 27, at Gratis First Brethren Church; Pastor 
Robert French officiating. Groom a member of 
the Gratis First Brethren Church. 
Sondra Samples to Terry Shopbell, June 26, at 
the North Georgetown First Brethren Church; 
Pastor Fred Brandon officiating. Members of the 
North Georgetown First Brethren Church. 
Lou Ann Wynne to Christopher Perry, June 
25, at the West Alexandria First Brethren Church; 
Pastor David S. Oligee officiating. Members of 
the West Alexandria First Brethren Church. 
Ann Miller to Dale McCauley, June 12, at the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church; Pastor 
Marlin McCann officiating. Members of the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church. 
Tracey Cooper to Sean Kiracofe, May 22, at the 
Gratis First Brethren Church; Pastor Robert 
French officiating. Groom a member of the 
Gratis First Brethren Church. 
Deb Hisey to Jay Baumgartner, May 22, at the 
Milford First Brethren Church; Pastor Paul 
Tinkel officiating. Groom a member of the Mil- 
ford First Brethren Church. 


Earl and Martha Humbarger, 50th, September 
3. Members of the Flora First Brethren Church. 
Omer and Alice Lippold, 60th, September 3. 
Members of the Loree Brethren Church. 
Walter and Helen Riehter, 55th, August 20. 
Members of the Vinco Brethren Church. 
Harry and Irene Tiger, 60th, July 29. Members 
of the Pleasant View Brethren Church. 
Charles and Betty McDevitt, 50th, July 25. 
Members of the Pleasant View Brethren Church. 
Otis and Vivian McCann, 60th, June 25. Mem- 
bers of the Waterloo Hammond Avenue Brethren 

Carl and Louise Zinn, 50th, May 16. Friends of 
the Flora First Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Mathias: 2 by baptism 

St. James: 1 by baptism 

Cerro Gordo: 6 by baptism 

Pleasant View: 4 by baptism 

Milledgeville: 10 by baptism 

Corinth: 3 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

New Lebanon: 3 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

West Alexandria; 17 by baptism, 16 by transfer 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 

Hi boys and girls! 

Now that summer is almost over, it is time to begin thinking about harvesting crops. 
I usually pick apples toward the end of September to make applesauce and apple pies. 
My three boys like to go with me to pick apples. Daniel, who is two, can't reach the 
branches, so he picks up the apples that have fallen onto the ground. I can always tell 
which apples he has picked up. They are usually bruised, discolored, and sometimes 

It is easy to tell which apples I want to keep. Nobody wants apples that look awful. 

Jesus compares us to a tree and its fruit in Luke 6:43. He says that only good trees 
bear good fruit, and bad trees bear bad fruit. We should be like the tree that has only 
good fruit. The things we do and say should be good things that are pleasing to Jesus. 
Let's try to be trees that have good fruit — love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, good- 
ness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control. After all, who likes wormy fruit?! 

Crossword Clues 


4. Mild or tender; not 

5. Jesus said that only 

trees bear 

good fruit. 

6. Not at war; not up- 

8. We should 

bear bad fruit! 


1 . Fruit of the spirit that 
means not getting 
angry when things 
go wrong or when 
we have to wait. 

2. In 6:43 Je- 
sus talks about 
good and bad fruit. 

3. Another word for 
helpfulness or for do- 
ing what is right. 

7. Self- 

September 1993 


Brethren Church Ministries 

A Wake-Up Call!? 

An update and a challenge by Ronald W. Waters, 

Director of Brethren Church Ministries and Treasurer for 
The Brethren Church. 

]RHAPS the most commonly 
repeated phrase at this year's 
General Conference was "wake- 
up call." Some said it was time for 
the church to receive one. Others 
said that a General Conference 
Executive Council (GCEC) recom- 
mendation had sounded one. Still 
others asked if the church had 
heard one. New moderator Russ 
Gordon even sounded an alarm 
clock to symbolize one. 

A wake-up call? To whom? For 

The background 

As treasurer for the denomina- 
tion, I am responsible for prepar- 
ing the annual planning budget 
for General Conference approval 
in August and a working budget 
for GCEC approval in December. 
The planning budget that Confer- 
ence approves is generally based 
on 100 percent Fair Share finan- 
cial support from Brethren 

But the fact of the matter is 
that not every church provides its 
full support. In fact, only about a 
third of the churches gave full 
support in 1992. And for the past 
several years, total financial sup- 
port from all Brethren churches 
has averaged 70 percent or less of 
the full Fair Share! 

So in the working budget I pre- 
sent to GCEC for approval, I have 
to trim out desirable ministries to 
allow for the anticipated shortfall 
in support from churches. Every 
year since 1990, I had been able 
to trim desired but non-essential 
programs and ministries in order 
to produce a balanced working 
budget. Such trimming meant we 
were not advancing much, but we 
were able to pretty much hold our 

December 1992 was different. 
That's when I heard my "wake-up 
call" and sounded the alarm for 
GCEC. Each year we had trimmed 
the so-called "fat" from the 
budget. For 1993, we'd have to 
trim the "lean" as well, while fac- 
ing a projected $43,000 deficit by 
December 31, 1993. And the pro- 
jections were for growing deficits 
in future years. 

GCEC charged the moderator- 
track (moderator, moderator-elect, 
and past moderator) with review- 
ing the budget and proposing 
ways to trim the deficit. It quick- 
ly became apparent that to bal- 
ance the budget now and in the 
future would require either (1) a 
significant infusion of new cash 
annually or (2) elimination of ex- 
ecutive level personnel and min- 
istries or (3) a combination of the 

GCEC Recommendation 1 to 
General Conference (see July/ 
August 1993 Evangelist, pages 
11-13) proposed significant staff 
and ministry reductions and re- 
direction of some ministries to 
districts and to local churches. 
Through the course of the sum- 
mer, it became apparent that 
many Brethren opposed such re- 
ductions. GCEC members them- 
selves were uneasy with the 
impli- cations of their recommen- 
dation. But opposing the pro- 
posed staff reductions would 
require an alternative plan. 

So GCEC listened to Confer- 
ence delegates, then presented a 
compromise proposal which Con- 
ference adopted, namely, to author- 
ize the moderator to appoint a 
five-member committee (two from 
GCEC, one from the Missionary 
Board, and two others). This com- 
mittee will hire and work with an 

outside facilitator — a Christian 
who works with churches in sim- 
ilar circumstances — to develop 
comprehensive strategies for 
long- and short-term financial 
and organizational planning in 
The Brethren Church. These 
strategic plans are to be based on 
the priorities we have established 
for our ministries. The goal is for 
a completed report with recom- 
mendations by January 1994. 

What about the 

"wake-up call"? 

Several people expressed con- 
cern that we not "stick our head 
in the ground" and merely hope 
that our financial concerns would 
miraculously go away. God does 
work miracles in supernatural 
ways at times. But most of the 
time, He works His miracles 
through His people. 

I believe that God has given The 
Brethren Church all the resources 
we need to accomplish His minis- 
try among us and through us. The 
question is, Will we as individu- 
als, congregations, districts, and 
national organizations make those 
resources available for ministry 
He wants us to do? 

I once knew a Brethren church 
that had tens of thousands of dol- 
lars salted away in certificates of 
deposit. Their rationale — to be 
prepared for a rainy day. The 
truth was, there was not even a 
cloud on the horizon! Such think- 
ing begs the question of where 
faith enters the picture. To para- 
phrase the proverb: Trust in the 
Lord with all your heart and lean 
not on your own bank account; in 
all your ways acknowledge him, 
and he will direct your paths." 

The proposal adopted by Gen- 
eral Conference could be a good 


The Brethren Evangelist 

plan. I'm not a prophet (I mistak- 
enly typed "profit" at first. I'm not 
that either!), but I predict this 
committee's assessment will be 
similar to the one made by the 
moderator- track and GCEC. We 
must either increase revenue or 
decrease expenses or both. 

Let's pray that they will devise 
a Spirit-inspired plan that will 
free us to do the ministry we 
want to do together as a denomi- 
nation of churches. 

What about the short-term? 

The next 12 months are critical. 
They will tell whether we have 
heard a "wake-up call" and, if so, 
whether we will respond to it. 

The following may give evi- 
dence to whether we are yet 

1. Twenty-five additional 
churches will budget full Fair 
Share support for 1994. That 
would bring the total number giv- 
ing their full Fair Share to about 
one-half of all Brethren churches. 
Several congregations have al- 
ready taken action to treat their 
Fair Share support as they do 
their utilities — it's something 
they pay without question. Some 
will do this even though it works 
a hardship on them. Most will 
find that once they make the 
commitment, God will abundant- 
ly supply the needed funds and 

2. Another twenty-five 
churches will significantly 

increase their percentage of 
Fair Share support for 1994. 

They will increase their support 
by 25 to 50 percentage points. 
Again, for some it will prove quite 
a challenge; for others, it will be 
easier than they could have imag- 
ined. Some will accomplish this 
by deciding to tithe the income 
the church receives, distributing 
that tithe among national and 
district ministries, with special 
over-and-above gifts for missions 
and World Relief. 

3. Two hundred Brethren 
families will become Partners 
and Friends of The Brethren 
Church. Partners give at least "a 
tithe of a tithe" — one percent of 
their income — to The Brethren 
Church. Friends give $10 per 

4. Seventy-five percent of 
all churches not budgeting 
full Fair Share support will 
take a "Have a Heart" offering 
in February to support out- 
reach/evangelism ministries 
in The Brethren Church. That 
support will be used primarily to 
provide the national office portion 
of the Passing On the Promise 
administrative and support 

5. Fifty Brethren will add 
The Brethren Church, Inc., to 
their wills during the year. 
This is not a short-term solu- 
tion — we'd like to have these 
Brethren around a while to help 
reach the lost in their communi- 

September has been designated as 

Support your local youth by involving them in ministry 
opportunities within the local church, by participating in 
and supporting their fundraisers, and by encouraging 
them in their activities and service projects! 

Also promote involvement in the District and National 
youth programs! Help your youth broaden their horizons 
by encouraging them to meet other Brethren youth within 
their districts and from across the country! 

ties for Christ. But it will be an 
indication that a number of folks 
want to keep supporting Breth- 
ren Church ministries after the 
Lord calls them home. Size of the 
estate and amount of the bequest 
is not as important as remember- 
ing the church. (How about a 
tithe of the estate for The Breth- 
ren Church, Inc., and an addi- 
tional generous portion for 
missions and the seminary? Your 
kids will just spend it foolishly!) 

6. Ten new churches will 
provide The Brethren Evan- 
gelist to all their members. 
The added subscription income is 
not as important as the distribu- 
tion of news and views to more 
Brethren people. 

7. Brethren people will give 
$40,000 in additional support 
to The Brethren Church, Inc., 
during the coming year. It 
may be one person giving $40,000. 
It may be four at $10,000. It may 
be 400 at $100. It may be every 
Brethren family at $5 each. What 
could you give that would not re- 
quire you to reduce your local 
church or other giving? 

Hear the "wake-up call" 

Here's my challenge to you: do 
something] It does not have to 
be spectacular. It only has to be 
what the Lord is calling you to 
do. Just do it! 

If you love the Lord and you love 
The Brethren Church, act now. 

Ding-ding-ding! Ding-ding! [ft] 




September 1993 


c Ding-ding! 

It's time to hear a "wake-up 
call" in The Brethren Church. If 
we expect to continue denomi- 
national ministries at the level 
to which we've become accus- 
tomed, we need to rally together 
to support those ministries with 
our finances. 

The purpose of denomina- 
tional ministries is to do those 
things together that we are unable to do as separate congrega- 
tions — to expand the ministry of Christ in our world, to disciple 
Brethren people toward spiritual maturity, and to equip them 
for outreach ministries to their communities and the world. 

You'll soon receive a special mailing, offering you an oppor- 
tunity to respond. There won't be just one way— you'll receive 
a menu of choices. 

We're past the days of "breakfast in 
bed." It's time to answer the alarm and 
take positive action. 

Be praying for how God would have 
you respond. 


The Brethren Church 

partners in ministry 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, OH 44805 

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l—i C'-i 

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<I UJ *■ 
O C5 

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Readers' Forum 

A column in 'which readers can share their thoughts and views with the Brethren. 

A Report on the Mission Project and Bibles for Nigeria 

I am pleased to report that the 
National Christian Leadership 
Conference was held in «Tns NifT^r- 
ia, May 25-30 and was tremen- 
dously successful. Approximately 
300 Christian leaders from govern- 
ment, business, the clergy, and lay 
positions attended the conference. 
They came from many different 
states in Nigeria and from many 
different tribes. 

The conference helped to unify 
Christian leaders in the country. 
The national news media reported 
the conference as "a one of a kind 
event in the history of Nigeria." 

The response to the training was 
so overwhelming that a full-time 
administrator is being hired to 
oversee the implementation of the 
training program at the grassroots 
level. In addition, plans are already 
underway for multiple conference 
sites to repeat the training next 
year. We praise God for what He 
has and will continue to accomplish 
through this effort. 

There are other ongoing projects 
as a result of this mission effort. 
Among these is a Christian film 
loaner library, which is being set up 
through Christian Salvage Mission, 
and the ongoing effort to ship all 
of the approximately 3,000 Bibles 
that were donated by Brethren 

The Bibles were originally sup- 
posed to arrive in Nigeria with 
other conference materials, but the 
shipping industry was seized by the 
Islamic government prior to the 
conference and the shipment had to 
be postponed. While in Nigeria, 
Manaseh was able to get informa- 
tion on how the Bibles could be 
safely transported into the country, 
and we are working on arrange- 
ments to get them shipped as soon 
as possible. 

A great number of people and or- 
ganizations were involved in this 
project, and it would be nearly im- 
possible to name them all. But we 
would like to thank the many peo- 

ple from the more than 35 Brethren 
churches who donated Bibles so 
that people in Nigeria could read 
the word of God. We would like to 
thank The Brethren Church Na- 
tional Office, Ashland University, 
and Ashland Theological Seminary 
for their advisory assistance and 
their help in receiving and storing 
the Bibles and in printing confer- 
ence materials. 

We would like to thank those 
churches outside the Brethren de- 
nomination who supported us with 
donations of Bibles and finances. 
We would like to thank the multi- 
denominational task force headed 
by Nigerian Missions for Christ, 
who organized the conference and 
the accommodations in Jos. Special 
thanks and recognition should go to 
the Oakville, Ind., First Brethren 
Church for its outstanding financial 
support, for without this assistance 
the mission could not have been 

Most important, thanks to all of 

the churches, prayer groups, and 
individuals who prayed for this mis- 
sion, many of whom prayed for near- 
ly a year during our preparations. 

It is our desire that by this report 
God would be glorified for this mis- 
sion, which He called and com- 
pleted by His power using His peo- 
ple and resources. We hope that 
this will encourage Christians to 
unify and to network in mission ef- 
forts by sharing resources from 
many sources to accomplish God's 

Yours in Christ, 

Mark Teal 

Mark Teal, a third-year Master of Di- 
vinity student at Ashland Theological 
Seminary, is a member of the Oakville, 
Ind., First Brethren Church. He cur- 
rently pastors the Black River Church of 
the Brethren in Spencer, Ohio. 

Manaseh Wakawa, from Nigeria, is 
nearing completion of an M.A. degree in 
biblical studies at ATS. He is head of the 
Ministry Department of Nigerian Mis- 
sions for Christ. 

An Alternate Approach to Halloween 

As Christians, should we allow 
our children to participate in Hal- 
loween holiday activities, with their 
obvious evil and satanic origins, 
symbolism, and activities? 

Suggested alternatives 

1. Carve and display pumpkins 
with Christian symbols (crosses, 
fish, etc.), and let your light 
shine in the darkness. 

2. Allow your children to dress only 
in more wholesome costumes, 
such as clowns, animals, flowers, 
hoboes, and other comical char- 

3. Along with candy, give the 
"trick-or-treaters" who visit your 
home small, inexpensive gifts 
available at Christian book- 
stores (bookmarks, pencils, 
erasers, stickers, jewelry, etc.). 

4. Give your children a supply of 

tasteful and effective tracts to 
leave at homes as they "trick or 
treat" in exchange for the treats 
they receive. Remind them to al- 
ways say 'Thank you!" 

5. Sponsor a "Harvest Time" party 
at your home or church with food 
and activities for children and a 
slumber party/sleep-in for teens 
to keep them off the streets at 

6. Explain to children how these 
activities can be fun and how 
they can honor God in an other- 
wise potentially evil holiday. 

I hope these suggestions will be of 
help in relieving Christian concerns 
and that they will offer positive al- 
ternatives of ways to enjoy this 
beautiful season! 

David Deisch 

Mr. Deisch is a member of the Nap- 
panee, Ind., First Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Funderburg Library 


North Manchester, IN 46962 

October 1993 
Volume 115, Number 9 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


John Maust 

Children's Page 

Sandi Rowsey 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
July and August issues are 
combined) by The Brethren 
Church, Inc., 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, OH 44805-3792. Au- 
thors' views are not necessarily 
those of The Brethren Church. 

Subscription Rates: One 

year, $11.25 for 100% church 
lists; $13.00 for church lists 
of five or more names; $14.00 
for individual subscriptions. 
Single-copy price, $1.50. 

Change of Address: Please 
send notice at least three 
weeks in advance. Copy old ad- 
dress from back of magazine 
and send with new address. 

Manuscript Policy: While 
some unsolicited manuscripts 
are accepted, a query letter 
sent first describing a proposed 
manuscript is preferred. In- 
clude a self-addressed, stamped 
envelope with all manuscripts. 
Suggestions and forms for re- 
porting news items are avail- 
able upon request. 

Advertising: The Evangelist 
accepts a limited amount of ad- 
vertising per issue. Rates are 
available upon request. 

Postmaster: Please send Form 
3579 to The Brethren Church, 
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Second Class Postage: Paid 
at Ashland, Ohio. 

Member: Evangelical Press 

October 1993 


How Brethren Understand God's Word 4 

Part one of a study of the Brethren approach to biblical interpretation, 
prepared by the Committee on Doctrine, Research, and Publication of 
The Brethren Church. 

Be Authentic Disciples by Mary Ellen Drushal 6 

An invitation to join in a pilgrimage toward greater knowledge of Christ 
and growth in Christian walk and witness. 

Follow the Leader by Troy Cummins 7 

In some respects, being a Christian is like playing this simple children's 

The Authority of Scripture by Brenda B. Colijn 8 

A look at distinguishing characteristics of the Brethren view of the 
authority of the Bible. 

Ministry Pages Ashland University 

Accent on Our Shared Commitment by G. William Benz 10 

Seeing Christ's Presence on the Ashland University Campus 12 


Readers' Forum 


Children's Page 




by Sandi Rowsey 



From the Grape Vine 


Answers to the Little Crusader page: 

You should have colored the pumpkins that said: "Jesus tells us to think 
about things above and not about things on earth"; "When we think about 
things above, we should try to be more like Jesus"; and "If we 'look up to 
Jesus,' we never need to worry about our future." 


Pontius' Puddle 


faith wrm OTHERS, 








AM pr HOT 

Brethren people before Passing On the Promise! 

How Brethren 
Understand God's Word 

Part one of two parts 

This study was prepared by the 
Committee on Doctrine, Research, 
and Publication of The Brethren 
Church. Its preparation was a proc- 
ess that included writing, sharing 
with pastors and others for input, 
revising, receiving further input, 
then revising again. It was pre- 
sented as a report to the 1993 Gen- 
eral Conference, which made sug- 
gestions for minor revisions. These 
changes were then made and the 
Conference accepted the report. 

"How Brethren Understand the 
Bible" is also being printed in book- 
let form, complete with Scripture 
reference notations. An announce- 
ment about availabilty and price of 
this booklet will be made soon. 

The Importance of the Word 

Brethren have always been a 
people of the Word. Because we af- 
firm Scripture as the rule for our 
faith and life, we recognize the 
need to interpret it correctly. Bibli- 
cal interpretation is especially im- 
portant for the Brethren, because 
we have no tradition or official arm 
of the church to dictate how we 
must understand the Bible. Since 
we have never allowed such things 
to fix the meaning of Scripture, we 
must try to apply Scripture itself 
to our lives in each generation. 

Biblical interpretation is especial- 
ly important for the Brethren to- 
day. Different views of the nature 
and interpretation of Scripture are 
behind the different positions peo- 
ple take on the important issues of 
our day. We need to understand 
our biblical heritage in order to 
discuss these current issues. Such 
a process of understanding would 
reacquaint the present generation 
with the principles that have 
guided the Brethren in the past. It 
would also encourage discussion 
and dialogue among the Brethren 
as we seek greater consensus on 

biblical interpretation and applica- 
tion. We must become aware of our 
own view of Scripture before we 
can speak effectively to other be- 
lievers and the wider culture. 

God, the Revealer 

The understanding of Scripture 
begins with the knowledge that 
God has chosen to communicate 
with us. Without this revelation, 
we could not know God at all. God 
has spoken to us through creation, 
through human nature, through 
words, through events in history, 
and finally through becoming flesh 
in the person of Jesus Christ. 
Much of God's revelation in word, 
in deed, and in Jesus Christ is re- 
corded in Scripture. This is why 
we can go to Scripture to under- 
stand God's character and will. 
But Scripture contains more than 
knowledge about God. In Scrip- 
ture, God speaks to us in love, in 
order to initiate a relationship 
with us through redemption in 
Christ and to bring us into rela- 
tionship with one another. As we 
respond to God's loving self-disclo- 
sure, we become part of the people 
of God, a body of believers whose 
head is Jesus Christ. 

Jesus Christ, the Living Word 

Brethren affirm that Jesus 
Christ is the Living Word of God, 
the one who reveals God fully and 
finally. In His life, teaching, death, 
resurrection, and living presence, 
Jesus has shown us all we need to 
know about who God is and who 
we are. Brethren have believed 
that Christianity is first and fore- 
most a relationship of loving disci- 
pleship to Christ. This relationship 
with Christ is the first priority in 
understanding Scripture: it is both 
the beginning and the end of the 
process. We must know Christ be- 
fore we can fully understand Scrip- 

ture. We then go to Scripture in 
order to know Him better and to 
proclaim Him to others so that 
they might come to know Him too. 
Brethren have emphasized that 
Christ is not just our redeemer but 
also our teacher and example. The 
goal of our lives as Christians is to 
become like Him. The Brethren ap- 
proach to Scripture thus puts Je- 
sus Christ at the center. It begins 
with Christ and ends with Christ- 

Scripture, the Outer Word 

Scripture is the Word of God in 
written form. The early Brethren 
called it the Outer Word, the exter- 
nal written witness which, to- 
gether with the Holy Spirit, the In- 
ner Word, testifies to the Living 
Word, Jesus Christ. Because Scrip- 
ture presents God's revelation to 
us, it is our only reliable source of 
knowledge about the mind and will 
of God. The Bible records God's 
revelation, witnesses to its truth, 
and explains it to us. Brethren his- 
torically have affirmed that the Bi- 
ble's authority comes from its wit- 
ness to Christ as the Living Word. 
The New Testament, because it wit- 
nesses most directly to Christ, is 
the final rule for our faith and life. 

The nature of Scripture, like the 
nature of Christ, is both human 
and divine. The Bible itself says 
that Scripture is inspired or 
breathed out by God. This means 
that God guided the human writ- 
ers to such an extent that what 
they wrote could be considered 
God's Word written. The Bible ex- 
presses God's eternal truth in the 
words of particular human beings 
in history. It shows particular 
events in history that are relevant 
to people in all times and places. It 
is a collection of books written over 
1600 years by many different peo- 
ple who had their own concerns, 

The Brethren Evangelist 

'The Brethren approach to Scripture puts Jesus Christ at the 
center. It begins with Christ and ends with Christlikeness." 

purposes, and styles. Yet it is uni- 
fied by God's unchanging plan 
through history to reach out to 
human beings, make peace with 
them, and call them into a new 
obedient community — the people of 
God. The Bible's eternal message 
must be thought through and re- 
stated in each generation to speak 
to the people of that generation. 

The Bible tells us both what to 
believe and how to live. Besides 
giving us knowledge about God, it 
also introduces us to the person of 
Jesus Christ. Through Scripture, 
the Holy Spirit enables us to come 
into relationship with Christ and 
grow into His likeness. Because of 
its unique character, the Bible has 
a unique claim on us. Brethren 
have always held the Bible to be 
completely true and completely 
reliable. Jesus Himself said that 
the Scripture, which to Him meant 
the Old Testament, cannot be 

The Holy Spirit, the Inner Word 

The Holy Spirit has a crucial role 
in interpreting Scripture. The 
early Brethren called the Holy 
Spirit the Inner Word who testifies 
to the Living Word, Jesus Christ, 
and who helps us to understand 
the Outer Word, Scripture. Just as 
the Holy Spirit inspired the Scrip- 
tures, the indwelling of the Holy 
Spirit is necessary in order to un- 
derstand and obey the Scriptures. 
This means that only believers can 
understand the spiritual signifi- 
cance of the Bible. It also means 
that all believers have the privi- 
lege of reading and understanding 
Scripture for themselves. 

Brethren have believed that the 
Holy Spirit is as active in the 
church today as in the days of the 
apostles. We have been confident 
that the Spirit would illumine the 
Scriptures for us and guide us into 
truth. Both then and now, the 
Spirit testifies to Christ. Because 
of our confidence in the Holy 
Spirit's work, we are open to new 
light on the Scriptures, relying on 

October 1993 

the Spirit to give us new insight 
into God's eternal truth and help 
us apply that truth to our lives. 

Brethren have affirmed balance 
and agreement between the Inner 
Word and the Outer Word. The 
Scriptures do not come alive to us 
without the Holy Spirit to inter- 
pret them to us and convict us of 
their truth. Likewise, it is difficult 
and unwise for us to interpret the 
Holy Spirit's witness in our hearts 
without the confirming testimony 
of the Scriptures. Promptings of 
the Holy Spirit will not contradict 
the Outer Word. The Holy Spirit 
and the inspired Scriptures will 
always agree. 

Being Conformed to the Word 

The attitudes with which people 
approach Scripture strongly influ- 
ence what they find there. As 
Brethren, we approach Scripture 
believing that we are not to be con- 
formed to the world, but to be 
transformed by the renewing of 
our minds. That is, rather than be- 
ing conformed to the world, we are 
to be conformed to the Living Word, 
Jesus Christ, through obedience to 
the Outer Word, Scripture. 

We attempt to read Scripture 
with both mind and heart. In order 
to understand the Bible, we study 
it diligently, using our renewed 
minds under the guidance of the 
Holy Spirit. We seek to find the 
plain sense of Scripture, the mean- 
ing that the original writers, under 
the influence of the Holy Spirit, in- 
tended to convey. The early Breth- 
ren emphasized the simplicity and 
clarity of Scripture; they pointed 
out that our greatest problem is 
not understanding Scripture but 
obeying it. 

In order to understand the Bible, 
we also read it devotionally, asking 
the Inner Word, the Holy Spirit, to 
apply it to our hearts and trans- 
form our lives. Brethren have al- 
ways taken a very practical ap- 
proach to Scripture, reading it to 
find God's will and obey it. Bible 
reading, like all other aspects of 

the Christian life, should lead to 

Brethren have usually ap- 
proached Scripture with an atti- 
tude of humility and love. Rather 
than exerting mastery over the 
Word, we have tried to live under 
the Word. While regarding doc- 
trine as very important, we have 
refused to develop doctrines that 
go beyond what Scripture affirms. 
In our interpretations, we have 
found that the truth is often a bal- 
ance between extremes. Both in 
our study and in our devotions, we 
go to Scripture to be closer to the 
Lord we love and serve. 

Being Obedient to the Word 

Because the Christian life is a 
relationship of loving discipleship 
to Christ, we as Brethren read 
Scripture with the intention of 
obeying our Lord in all things. A 
commitment to obedience may be 
the most important attitude with 
which we approach Scripture. 
Brethren have held that Scripture 
can be fully understood only by 
someone who is willing to obey it. 
The basis for this obedience is our 
love for the Lord who has loved us. 
It is not enough just to read the 
Bible or hear the Word preached. 
We must study the Bible and obey 
it so the Holy Spirit can use it to 
change our lives and bless us. 

Besides obeying the commands of 
Scripture, the early Brethren sought 
to follow the example of Christ and 
the apostles. They practiced a rad- 
ical obedience, putting into practice 
what they found in the Bible, re- 
gardless of the consequences. They 
believed that scriptural demands 
must not be rationalized away. 
They looked especially to the Ser- 
mon on the Mount for the ethics of 
the Christian life. Complete obedi- 
ence to the teaching and example 
of Christ and the apostles is the 
basis for the Brethren practice of 
the ordinances, including some 
practices (such as feetwashing and 
anointing) which other groups re- 
gard as nonessential. [ft] 

Be Authentic Disciples 

By Mary Ellen Drushal 

THE TITLE of this article was 
the theme for the 1990 General 
Conference. As moderator for that 
Conference, I prayerfully selected 
the theme from its supporting 
scripture, the 15th chapter of John. 
Then I began to ask the question, 
"What do authentic disciples do?" 

God awakened my heart through 
the search for responses to that 
question. He used my study of Scrip- 
ture, my self-examination, and at- 
tendance at a Via de Cristo week- 
end (now called Brethren Way of 
Christ) to bring about growth in 
my Christian walk and witness. As 
a result of this awakening, my life 
will never be the same. And God 
isn't finished with me yet! 

I thank God for that privilege of 
denominational leadership, for with- 
out that opportunity I might never 
have encountered Jesus to the ex- 
tent I have. I want to share my 
personal discoveries with you and 
invite you to join me in a pilgrim- 
age toward authentic discipleship. 

What Do 
Authentic Disciples Do? 

Authentic disciples open their 
eyes to see Jesus. God is accessi- 
ble through the indwelling of the 
Holy Spirit. But we must anticipate 
and sense that presence. The es- 
sence of spiritual formation is to ac- 
knowledge absolute dependence on 
God for everything, to know the per- 
son of Jesus Christ, to experience 
His presence, and then to surren- 
der our lives to Him to be reformed 
according to God's unique plan. 

I'm describing an intentional re- 
lationship that begins with salva- 
tion but which extends to a per- 
sonal, daily walk with Jesus. This 
committed relationship develops 
into intimate friendship and con- 
stant companionship. 

Dr. Drushal is academic dean and 
associate professor of Christian educa- 
tion and church administration at 
Ashland Theological Seminary. 


To His disciples, Jesus says, "I do 
not call you servants any longer, be- 
cause the servant does not know 
what the master is doing; but I 
have called you friends, because I 
have made known to you every- 
thing that I have heard from my 
Father" (John 15:15*). Authentic 
disciples, those who deeply desire 
to be and do all that the Master 
bids, must open their eyes to 
friendship with Jesus to see all 
that He reveals. 

Jesus intends for His disciples 
who become friends to bear much 
fruit. Fruit-bearing cannot be ac- 
complished apart from the vine 
(John 15:5). I must open my eyes 
to all that Jesus has for me if I'm 
to realize my full fruit-bearing 
potential in Him. 

Authentic disciples are open 
to others. "This is my command- 
ment, that you love one another as 
I have loved you" (John 15:12). Why 
did Jesus give that instruction to 
His disciples? Being open to others 
and to their life situations fre- 
quently causes us to love them as 
Jesus first loved us. The reverse is 
also true: experiencing the love of 
Jesus opens us to being loved by 

To be open is to be generous; gen- 
erous in sharing oneself and not 
closed to others or removed from 
them. A result of fruit-bearing is 
openness to loving people and al- 
lowing them to love us in return. 

This is a most difficult assign- 
ment for me. I am a private per- 
son. For Jesus to tell me to love 
others and to be open to them is a 
difficult command to obey. I would 
rather do my work in the privacy 
of my office. But Jesus did His 
greatest work as He ministered to 
others in the field. Authentic disci- 
ples are open to ministry wherever 
they find it — sometimes in the in- 
terruptions of the day, even when 

•Quotations from the Bible are from the 
New Revised Standard Version. 

it doesn't suit their calendars or 
their temperaments. 

Authentic disciples live joyful 
lives. Life in this century — apart 
from Christ — is hectic and dull. 
People scurry from one appoint- 
ment to the next and from one 
spectacular event to another with- 
out ever pausing to listen to a child, 
observe a sunset, or touch the life 
of another in meaningful ways. 

"I have said these things to you 
so that my joy may be in you, and 
that your joy may be complete" 
(John 15:11). Joy springs from 
drinking repeatedly and deeply of 
the living water that quenches the 
thirst of authentic disciples. Joy 
cannot be sought. It comes as the 
by-product of being a disciple/friend 
who depends on Jesus and waits 
patiently and with anticipation to 
see what God will do. 

Authentic disciples commune 
with Jesus. "You did not choose 
me but I chose you" (John 15:16). 
Authentic disciples are children of 
the King. He selects each of us, molds 
our heart through life experiences. 
And He has a plan for each of us 
that we discover through commun- 
ing with Him. The problem is, 
most of us spend time trying to 
make certain we are doing what 
He wants us to do while failing to 
look at who He wants us to be. 

To commune means to talk to- 
gether intimately. Intimate con- 
versation takes place when we lis- 
ten and talk to someone whom we 
love very much. Talking to God, or 
praying, is usually a one-sided ac- 
tivity. It certainly is not intimate 
communion until we stop and lis- 
ten. What is He saying? What is 
the inflection in His voice? What 
did He mean by that? Can I de- 
scribe His countenance as He 
spoke to me through His word? 

The more I listen in prayer, the 
more God shapes me into the au- 
thentic disciple He desires me to be. 
I do, however, have a free will that 

The Brethren Evangelist 

can alter all this. He created me 
that way, and I don't have to re- 
spond to His call or His leading. But 
what a foolish way to live one's life! 

He will not overwhelm me or 
force me to do anything He desires. 
I get to choose. But why would I 
choose just life when I could have 
abundant life? Why would I choose 
just happiness when I could experi- 
ence deep joy? Why would I choose 
just servanthood when I could also 
be a close friend of Jesus? 

You and I have a choice to make 
about what kind of life to live. Will 
we choose a joyful life that seeks 

and expects growth and maturity 
in our relationship with Jesus? 
Will we live our lives running from 
activity to activity, or will we oper- 
ate from a quiet center in contem- 
plation of God? Will our lives ex- 
ude love and openness to others, or 
will we hide behind busy schedules 
to avoid personal vulnerability in 
relationships? Will our interaction 
with Jesus take place in quiet soli- 
tude, or will we try to commune 
with Him while on the run en- 
gaged in frenzied activity? 

The importance of communion 
with God is underscored by a 

plaque given to me by Rev. James 
R. Black. It sits on my desk at the 
seminary as a constant reminder. 
It says, "If you educate, you get 
what education can do; if you or- 
ganize, you get what organization 
can do; but when you pray, you get 
what God can do!" 

Brothers and sisters, in 1990 I 
urged our denomination to "be au- 
thentic disciples" who commune with 
God in prayer to see what God can 
accomplish through us. Today I call 
each of us to a pilgrimage with Jesus 
so that we might live a joyful and 
abundant life in Christ. [ft] 

Follow the Leader 

A message by Brethren Youth in Christ spokesperson Troy Cummins 
presented at the opening service of the 1993 General Conference. 

THE THEME for our youth Con- 
vention is "Follow the Leader," 
and our Scripture verse is taken 
from 1 John 2:5-6: 
But if anyone obeys his word, God's 
love is truly made complete in him. 
This is how we know we are in 
him: Whoever claims to live in him 
must walk as Jesus did. 

I spent this past summer at a 
church camp. Either because of be- 
ing with children, helping to lead 
recreation, or maybe just because 
I'm a child myself sometimes, the 
first thing I thought of in connec- 
tion with this theme was the game, 
Follow the Leader. 

When leading recreation, it's 
very important that everyone un- 
derstands the rules. So what I'm 
going to do is take a few minutes 
to explain the rules of Follow the 
Leader. It's not that simple. 

First, you have to agree to play 
the game. Now that's simple 
enough. More than likely, each one 
of us has agreed, in some way, to 

Troy, a mem- 
ber of the 
Bryan, Ohio, 
First Brethren 
Church, is a 
junior at Ash- 
land University. 
This past sum- 
mer he served 
as a Crusader 
Intern at the 
Indiana District 

October 1993 

do that. What this means is that 
we have to accept Jesus Christ. 
When you do that, you agree to 
play the game because then you 
know that you have a Leader. 

Second, you need to remember 
that there can only be one leader. 
There were several times at camp 
when we would explain a game 
and the kids would take off in all 
different directions. But when 
playing Follow the Leader, you 
have to follow one person. If there 
are three or four different leaders, 
you are going to have different 
games going on at the same time. 

In the Christian life, having more 
than one leader translates into 
putting other things higher than 
God. As Christians, we need to re- 
member who our Leader is. 

Third, and this is something 
that children have problems with, 
you need to watch the leader very 
carefully. As Christians, this 
means Bible study and prayer. The 
only way that we are able to follow 
Christ is if we are into His word 
and if we know how He walked. 
We need to know the things that 
He did and the things that He 
taught us to do. Only then can we 
follow our Leader's example. 

Fourth, we have to have confi- 
dence in the one who is leading us. 
We have to remember that in our 
relationship with Christ, in the 
"game" we are playing, Christ is 
not going to lead us anywhere we 

are not able to follow. We need to 
remember this in order to have 
confidence, in order to have faith, 
in our Leader. 

And finally, we need to remem- 
ber to be an example for the per- 
son who is standing behind us. 
There were times at camp when 
we would have a hundred children 
in a line following one person. I 
know from experience that when 
standing at the end of the line, it 
is very difficult to see the person at 
the front, to see what the leader is 
actually doing. Because of that I 
depended on the people who were 
directly in front of me. 

Many of you as pastors or youth 
leaders or people who are engaged 
in or support other ministries, you 
are following Christ your Leader. 
But you are also serving as leaders 
to the people who are behind you. 
You are the example that they will 
follow. If you're following Christ's 
example and they're following your 
example, then they are following 
Christ as well. 

That's how you play the game. 
You have to remember to follow 
the rules or the game doesn't work. 
And fortunately, in this game there 
aren't any winners or losers. There 
are only people who try and people 
who succeed. 

This is what the youth will be 
working on this week. And we'd 
like to bring the same challenge to 
you, the adults. [ft] 

the Bible 

The Authority of 

By Brenda B. Colijn 

Second in a series of articles in a new column 
dealing with Bible interpretation. 

BRETHREN have always af- 
firmed the authority of the 
Bible as the final rule for our faith 
and life. This position is more im- 
portant today than ever, because it 
is under attack, not only from our 
culture but also from some segments 
of the church. Brethren continue to 
believe that Scripture is the only 
objective standard for deciding is- 
sues of belief and behavior. 

But why is Scripture authorita- 
tive? From where does its author- 
ity come? This question has been 
answered in different ways. 

Views on biblical authority 

One view, held by Roman Cath- 
olics and others, says that author- 
ity comes from the church. The 
church's decisions about the na- 
ture and understanding of Scrip- 
ture have formed a tradition that 
has an authority equal to that of 
Scripture itself. 

Another view, advanced by clas- 
sical liberalism, says that human 
reason gives authority to Scrip- 
ture. The parts of Scripture that 
agree with our reason are authori- 
tative; the parts that seem un- 
reasonable are not. 

Many modern readers of the Bi- 
ble, both theologians and lay peo- 
ple, base biblical authority on their 
own experience. What supports 
my own experience or strikes home 
to me as I read the Bible is author- 
itative for me; the rest is not. 

A fourth view places authority in 
the biblical words themselves. 
We know that the Bible is true and 

Mrs. Colijn is a member of the Smoky 
Row Brethren Church in Worthington, 
Ohio. She chairs The Brethren 
Church's Committee on Doctrine, Re- 
search, and Publication. 


trustworthy because its words 
have been given by God. Since God 
cannot err, the Bible must also be 
inerrant (containing no errors) or 
infallible (incapable of error). This 
has been the most popular view 
among fundamentalists and evan- 
gelicals during the last century. 

The historic Brethren view 

The historic Brethren view is 
slightly different. The early Breth- 
ren certainly believed the Bible to 
be the word of God. Alexander 
Mack declared: "[A] faithful child 
of God looks only to his heavenly 
Father, and believes and follows 
Him in His revealed Word, be- 
cause he is certain of and believes 
that God and His spoken Word are 
completely one."* The early Breth- 
ren did not believe that the Bible 
contained errors; such an idea 
would never have occurred to them. 

But when the first Brethren 
wanted to talk about biblical 
authority, especially that of the 
New Testament, they talked about 
Jesus Christ. Alexander Mack 
based the authority of the New 
Testament firmly on the authority 
of Christ, 

the Son of God, through whom the 
Father has spoken to us "in these 
last days" (Hebrews 1:1, 2) — by 
whom the Father "made the whole 
world"; who is that living "Word 
become flesh" (John 1 [: 14]); to 
whom the Father has given "all 
authority in heaven and on earth" 
(Matthew 28:18); which law is "far 
above all rule and authority and 
power and dominion . . . not only in 
this age but also in that which is to 
come" (Ephesians 1:21). It is the 

* Rights and Ordinances, in The Com- 
plete Writings of Alexander Mack, Wil- 
liam R. Eberly, ed. (Winona Lake, Ind.: 
BMH Books, 1991), p. 82. 

Son of God who "has gone into 
heaven and is at the right hand of 
God, with angels, authorities, and 
powers subject to him" (1 Peter 
3:22). Now consider how much bet- 
ter the teaching of the Son of God 
must be kept, how much more 
strictly and unfalteringly, by all 
those who believe in His teachings, 
commandments, good counsel, and 

Jesus is the living Word, God's 
supreme revelation of Himself. 
Scripture, the written word, is 
authoritative because it testifies to 
Him (Luke 24:27, 44; John 5:39- 
40). The words of the Bible do not 
automatically create belief in those 
who read them. The Holy Spirit, 
who testifies to Christ, convicts 
people of the authority of Scripture 
(John 15:26; 16:8-15; 1 Cor. 2:14). 
Saying that the Brethren give 
primary authority to Jesus rather 
than to the words of the Bible may 
seem to be a picky point. Certain- 
ly, Jesus and the Bible will never 
contradict one another. Jesus is the 
Lord of Scripture, and Scripture wit- 
nesses to Him. So why is this dis- 
tinction important? 

Reasons for the distinction 

FIRST, the Brethren view holds 
that biblical authority is the 
authority of a person — the Lord 
Jesus Christ. We certainly must be 
able to defend our beliefs about 
Scripture to those who challenge 
them (see 1 Peter 3:15-16). But log- 
ical arguments about the reliabil- 
ity of the Bible can go only so far. 
The truth of the Bible — and the 
truth of Christianity — ultimately 
rests upon the person of Jesus 
Christ. He is the one we must pro- 
claim, and He is the one to whom 

"Eberly, p. 102. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

all must respond (Matt. 28:18-20; 
Acts 4:12; 1 Cor. 2:2; 2 Cor. 5:10; 
Phil. 2:9-11). We don't worship the 
Bible; we worship the Lord of the 

SECOND, biblical authority is the 
authority of a relationship. It is 
grounded in the relationship be- 
tween the God who speaks and the 
people who hear (Deut. 6:1; Is. 
51:7; Mark 4:23-25; John 6:68-69). 
It is expressed in the claim of the 
Lord Jesus Christ on His own 
(John 10:14-16, 27), as well as in 
the relationships of love and mu- 
tual accountability that grow out 
of Christ's love for believers (1 
John 4:7-12, 19-21). 

THIRD, this authority demands 
a response. It isn't enough to know 
and respect the words of Scripture. 
The Jehovah's Witnesses know the 
Bible better than the average 
orthodox Christian. Furthermore, 
some radical biblical scholars have 
a brilliant understanding of the 
original meaning of the Bible. But 
they deny that this meaning has 
any claim on us today. 

It isn't enough even to believe 
the right things about Scripture. 
The Pharisees had a high view of 
Scripture, but they missed its 
main purpose — to point to Jesus 
Christ, so that they might come to 
Him and have life (John 5:39-40). 
The authority of Christ in Scrip- 
ture demands that we respond in 
faith and obedience to Christ's 
claims in Scripture. It calls us to a 
life of loving discipleship to our 
Savior and Lord. 

FOURTH, the Brethren view of 
biblical authority is lived out in 
community. We are related to 
one another and to Christ as a 
single organism, body and head (1 
Cor. 12:12-27; Eph. 1:22-23). We 
are accountable to one another for 
our understanding of Scripture 
and our application of it. This com- 
mitment forms the basis of our cor- 
porate worship, nurture, disci- 
pline, witness, and service (Matt. 
18:15-20; John 13:34-35; Gal. 6:1- 
2; Eph. 4:11-16). 

FIFTH, this is a balanced view 
of biblical authority that takes ac- 

October 1993 

Correspondence Welcomed 

In this and future articles in this 
column, members of the General 
Conference Executive Council's 
Committee on Doctrine, Research, and 
Publication will discuss topics related 
to interpreting the Bible, The commit- 
tee invites readers to suggest topics 
or Bible passages to discuss in future 
articles. Send questions, comments, 
or suggestions to the committee in 
care of the Evangelist, 524 College 
Ave., Ashland, OH 44805. 

count of the Bible's dual nature: 
like Christ, the Bible is both hu- 
man and divine. It reflects the hu- 
man situations, concerns, and 
styles of its human writers. It is 
also divinely inspired, although it 
doesn't tell us precisely how that 
inspiration took place (John 7:16- 
17; 2 Tim. 3:16; 2 Pet. 1:21; 3:15- 
16). We need not be afraid to ac- 
knowledge the human dimension 
of Scripture, even as we affirm its 

FINALLY, the authority of 
Christ makes biblical authority se- 
cure. We don't have to fear that 
biblical critics will discover some- 
thing that will undermine our 
faith. Like Christ, Scripture is ut- 
terly true and trustworthy. It will 
withstand any question we put to 
it and will make us "wise for salva- 
tion through faith in Christ Jesus," 
equipping us to fulfill all that God 
calls us to (2 Tim. 3:15-17, niv). 

said a great deal about the au- 
thority of the Bible. In fact, we have 
sometimes been more willing to 
fight among ourselves over the ex- 
act definition of inerrancy than we 
have been to build up one another 
in love and witness to unbelievers. 
We say that Scripture is our fi- 
nal standard, but is it really? We 
reject Catholic tradition, but we 
have our own traditions, personal 
and corporate. The official expla- 
nations may have come from his- 
tory or from the church we were 
raised in or from our favorite TV 
preacher, but we cling to them and 
read the Bible through their 
lenses. We reject liberalism, but 

we are still sometimes guilty of 
picking and choosing from the 
Bible what seems reasonable to us 
and leaving the rest. We reject the 
idea that experience overrules the 
Bible, but we sometimes neglect the 
hard work of Bible study and talk 
only about "what it means to me." 

The true test is obedience 

As the early Brethren would re- 
mind us, the true test of our words 
is obedience. Do we read the Bible 
as part of our commitment to our 
Lord Jesus Christ? Are we ac- 
countable to Him and to one an- 
other for what we find there? Do 
we go to the Bible to feel secure in 
what we already know, or do we 
let it make us uncomfortable? Are 
we willing to let the Bible change 
our ideas — and change us? Do we 
read Scripture in light of its re- 
demptive purpose to edify believ- 
ers and witness to unbelievers? In 
short, do we read Scripture with 
the humility and love appropriate 
to Christ's disciples? 

We must affirm the authority of 
Scripture. There is no salvation 
outside of Christ (John 14:6; Acts 
4:12), and there is no place but 
Scripture that can teach us of that 
salvation (John 6:68-69; 2 Tim. 
3:15). But we must also live out 
our conviction in our lives. 

An anonymous eighteenth-century 
Brethren pamphlet urged believers 
to read and obey the Bible so dil- 
igently that "the entire New Testa- 
ment is written into the heart of 
the reader by the finger of God 
until the entire life of the reader 
becomes a living letter of God in 
which one can read all the com- 
mandments of Jesus Christ (2 
Corinthians 3:3)."* 

The strongest argument for bib- 
lical authority is our obedience to 
the Lord of the Bible. We can talk 
all we want to about the authority 
of Scripture, but if we don't obey 
what we find in Scripture, our 
words are meaningless. [ft] 

*"A Humble Gleam of the Despised Little 
Light of the Truth which is in Christ," in 
The Brethren in Colonial America, Don- 
ald F. Durnbaugh, ed. (Elgin, 111.: Brethren 
Press, 1967), p. 431. 


Accent on 
Our Shared Commitment 

By G. William Benz 

A FEW WEEKS AGO at Ashland University's 
fall convocation, I shared some thoughts with 
the university community concerning the topic 
which is the title of this article: "Accent on Our 
Shared Commitment." A good portion of this pres- 
entation focused on the importance of our educa- 
tional mission and the heritage of the University, 
not only with respect to our past and our present, 
but even more important, as a vital basis upon 
which to build our future. 

The mission of a college or university ought to 
be a clear expression of the institution's nature and 
of its purposes and goals. The mission should ex- 
press the distinctive features of the college's his- 
tory, programs, and values. Furthermore, it ought 
to be a statement not just printed in catalogs and 
other publications, but also reflected clearly in the 
programs of the college and in the people who com- 
prise the community. 

At the present time, the mission of Ashland Uni- 
versity is being re-visited as part of a strategic plan- 
ning process. During the last academic year, a com- 
mittee was appointed by interim president Dr. Wal- 
ter Waetjen to begin the groundwork for planning. 

Quite properly, as its starting point, the com- 
mittee began to re-evaluate the present mission 
statement of the University in order to ascertain 
whether or not the present wording is an accurate 
reflection of who and what we are as an institution 
of higher learning. The committee solicited opin- 
ions and views from all of the constituencies on 
campus through such means as a detailed ques- 
tionnaire, interviews, and considerable discussion. 
At present, the wording of that mission statement 
is still being considered by the faculty, administra- 
tion, and the Board of Trustees. 

In my remarks at the convocation, I emphasized 
that we need to have a common sense of what we 
do, why we do it, and whom we need to reach. For 
long-range planning to be successful, the mission 
must be clearly articulated and understood by all 
of our constituencies as we prepare for the future. 

Shared aspects of our mission 

Part of our mission is congruent with the edu- 
cational philosophy adhered to by most quality lib- 
eral arts colleges and universities. Similar to those 
institutions, our mission should demonstrate that 
we are a community of people dedicated to: 

Dr. G. William Benz, 
President of Ashland University* 

1. The development of the life of the mind. 
This includes establishing programs that fos- 
ter intellectual growth, expansion of knowl- 
edge, development of critical thinking skills, 
fostering of a spirit of free inquiry with respect 
for the opinions of others, and ensuring that 
students are exposed to both breadth and 
depth in terms of academic course offerings. 

2. The development of competencies such as writ- 
ing, reading, quantitative and critical thinking 

3. The development of an understanding of the 
importance of values and the need to make 
value and ethical choices. 

4. The development of the whole person. 

By this is meant not only the development of 
the intellectual side of the student, but also 
considerable attention to ways in which stu- 

*Dr. Benz became president of Ashland University in May of 
this year. He came to AU from Ohio Wesleyan University, 
where he served from 1986 to 1992 as provost and from Septem- 
ber 1992 until early 1993 as special assistant to the president. 
Additional background information about Dr. Benz was in- 
cluded in the January 1993 EVANGELIST (p. 18). 


The Brethren Evangelist 

"I have been personally impressed with the degree to which the 
flavor of Ashland University and the way we operate is so heavily 
influenced by this Brethren heritage. " 

dents need to grow socially, spiritually, physi- 
cally, and culturally. 

Distinctive aspects of our mission 

While the mission of Ashland University will 
clearly reflect the importance we give to these 
characteristics that we share with other fine edu- 
cational institutions, there also are some distinc- 
tive aspects of our mission that need to be given at 
least equal emphasis. 

1. At Ashland University we are very much com- 
mitted to the importance of the liberal arts as 
a foundation for understanding the human 
experience, for developing critical and creative 
thinking, and for establishing a commitment 
to a life of learning. 

2. Also vital to our educational mission is provid- 
ing initial and advance preparation for careers 
in selected professional and applied areas such 
as the Seminary, education, and business. 

3. A distinctive feature of our mission is an em- 
phasis on meeting the educational needs of a 
variety of students with respect to types of 
programs, sites, and teaching hours. 

4 A very notable aspect of our mission over the 
years has been our explicit commitment to 
and emphasis on the importance of Judeo- 
Christian values and on imparting those val- 
ues to our students. We are not a "Christian 
college" in that we require a particular expres- 
sion of faith or adherence to a particular life- 
style, but we are very up front in stating that 
we believe strongly in the Judeo-Christian tra- 
dition and in the values that are represented 
by that tradition. 

5. Relatedly, we are also proud of our historical 
relationship with The Brethren Church. Ash- 
land University was founded by The Brethren 
Church in 1878, and we continue to cultivate 
a close relationship with the Brethren denomi- 
nation. I have been personally impressed with 
the degree to which the flavor of Ashland Uni- 
versity and the way we operate is so heavily 
influenced by this Brethren heritage. As part 
of the work in developing a new mission state- 
ment, members of the Planning to Plan Com- 
mittee came across a statement from an Ash- 
land College catalog of 1884 that speaks elo- 
quently to the kind of Brethren tradition that 
we hope is reflected at Ashland University in 
1993. The catalog stated that at Ashland the 
courses "would develop the students intellec- 
tually, but not at the expense of the heart; the 

rich and poor would meet on the grounds of 
equality; that worth, not dress, would be val- 
ued and respected; that economy, not extrava- 
gance would be fostered; and that a desire for 
usefulness, not show, would be promoted." 

6. A distinctive feature of the Ashland experience 
is reflected in a phrase that began during the 
presidency of Dr. Glenn L. Clayton: "Accent on 
the Individual." While many smaller colleges 
try to give emphasis to the importance of each 
student, it is my view that Ashland has been 
able to translate this concept into reality to an 
extent that far exceeds what is found on most 
small college campuses throughout the coun- 
try. Alumni mention this as one of the distin- 
guishing characteristics of the education they 
received while they were on this campus. 

7. A theme that also needs to be reflected in our 
mission statement is a pronounced emphasis 
on the importance of community service. What 
students learn in the classroom and the labora- 
tory is not meant to stay there, but to be 
applied in a life of commitment and service to 
help fellow human beings. 

One of my responsibilities as president is to 
keep high and visible the mission, purposes, and 
goals of the University. Another responsibility 
equally important is to ensure that our vision of 
who and what we are matches the reality of who 
and what we are. A. Bartlett Giamatti, a former 
president of Yale, in his excellent book entitled A 
Free and Ordered Space, stated: "American colleges 
and universities serve neither themselves nor the 
country if they are unsure of their own principles 
and purposes or if they cannot convey them to the 
people at large." 

The challenge for the future 

Our challenge is to develop and articulate to- 
gether our vision of the future of Ashland Univer- 
sity — a vision that reflects and builds upon our rich 
heritage and traditions, reflects and builds upon 
the exciting present, and is a vision that will serve 
well the intellectual, spiritual, and social needs of 
all members of our community well into the future. 

If we are successful at what we hope to do here, 
we will be an institution that will not be a sanctu- 
ary from the society, but serve as tributaries to it. 
We will produce men and women whose lives will 
make a great difference because of their knowl- 
edge, their commitment to service, and their adher- 
ence to values that give shape to beliefs and to 
actions. [ft] 

October 1993 



Seeing Christ's Presence 
on the Ashland University Campus 

HOW EXCITING it was for me to hear at 
this year's General Conference of the many, 
many good things that are happening in 
churches across our denomination! Of particular 
encouragement to me was the involvement of 
numerous churches in Passing On the Promise, 
as well as the great enthusiasm of our Brethren 
Youth in Christ (BYIC). The Concert of Prayer, 
for many, was one of the highlights of Confer- 
ence. Certainly, the Holy Spirit is walking 
among Brethren congregations. 

Last year in the Ashland University report, I 
shared historical illustrations of what the God 

of history has done in a phenomenal way, as He 
has sparked revivals on university campuses 
across the nation and around the world. This 
year I would like to encourage your prayers and 
continued support by sharing with you the fruit 
of your intercession on our behalf. 

How has Christ been seen on the Ashland 
University campus? This was the question I 
posed to various students and staff. I believe 
their responses will encourage you concerning 
the work that God is doing at your University. 
— Dr. Mike Gleason 

Director of Religious Life 

I SEE MORE of the Ashland University students being drawn to the 
Christian activities this year than in the previous three years. They 
come searching for the constant that all of us seek in our lives. We don't 
always have tightly packaged answers, but we have the same heart of 
the traveler to help them in their pursuit of truth. 

The University Church has grown remarkably in only two years, with 
245 in attendance last Sunday (September 12). This can only be ex- 
plained by the loving work of the Lord as He continues to send the sheep 
to a caring, outreaching flock. Their participation in all aspects of the 
church, from reading Scripture to preaching to singing to organizing, 
allows them to serve as members of the body of Christ and lets Christ 
speak through them by their talents and gifts. 

Apart from Christ, we would be just another club trying to get new 
members. With Christ we can reach into the heart of the Ashland cam- 
pus and share the glory of the gospel. Only through the grace of God can 
we even exist at all. The positive results, therefore, are His doing and to 
His honor. 

— Dr. Ken Cutrer 

Dr. Cutrer is pastor of 
the University Church. 

Karen, a 
junior at 
the Uni- 
versity, is 
a mem- 
ber of the 

UPON my arrival on campus two years ago, I had no idea 
how my life would change. The Lord called me to go where 
I never thought He would. Leaving my family and friends in 
Tucson, Arizona, and driving to Ohio was the first miracle the 
Lord worked in my life. I have seen things I never thought I 
would. I have seen the mighty hand of God move hearts in the 
only way He can, in a loving yet powerfully effective way. 

— Karen Robins 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Troy, a member of the 
Bryan, Ohio, First Breth- 
ren Church, is a junior at 
Ashland University. 

LIFE on a college campus is described with words like abundant op- 
portunities and excitement. I praise God that these same descriptive 
words can be used when talking about the manner in which God is 
working here at Ashland University. The only explanation that is fitting 
to the spiritual atmosphere is that God's Spirit is present in the lives of 
His people. A revival is at hand, and I feel as though I have a front row 
seat to see the Holy Spirit go to work. 

For me, this awakening is seen in the willingness of individuals to 
serve their Lord. Even more dumbfoundingly wonderful, I'm seeing an 
openness in individuals who are still searching. God is continually work- 
ing in the lives of those around me as well as in my own life. Coordinat- 
ing the Gospel Team program has opened up several opportunities for 
me to see the results of God's work, as well as allowing me to be a 
participant in God's plans instead of a mere spectator. 

— Troy Cummins 

AS A SENIOR I've seen the campus go through a lot of changes, and 
our Christian fellowships show a lot of growth. In the four years I've 
been here, HOPE fellowship has grown into the largest campus organi- 
zation. The campus has become more than just friendly as we reach out 
to the unsaved. 

Personally, I've grown a lot from participating in and now leading a 
small-group Bible study. Our group has been together for three years. 
We are a diverse group; I'm really not sure how we all got together. But 
it's really great to come together with these people to spend time in 
prayer and study of God's word. Since the time we spend at Share Group 
is about the only time we see each other, each meeting is like a small 
reunion. This group has helped to develop friendships that will last long 
after our years at Ashland University are finished. 

— Annalee Hoover 

Annalee, from N. George- 
town, Ohio, is a member 
of the Ashland Park Street 
Brethren Church and a 
senior at the University. 

Chad, a member of the 
Fremont, Ohio, Brethren 
Church, is a sophomore at 
Ashland University. 

MY FRESHMAN YEAR at Ashland University was not quite like I 
thought it would be. I was expecting it to be like high school — hang- 
ing out with friends all the time, messing around whenever I wanted, 
etc. Boy, was I wrong! In the beginning, I found myself alone in my room, 
wishing that someone would call. Then I heard about HOPE Fellowship 
and Fellowship of Christian Athletes and decided to attend. I could just 
feel the presence of the Lord there. I was finally accepted and liked. I 
continued to get involved with the Religious Life program and my spiri- 
tual life grew tremendously. I then got involved with the Missions Group 
and went with them to Kentucky and Mexico to witness for the Lord. 
Ministry opportunities at Ashland University are not only on campus, as 
I thought they would be, but they are reaching out to the world! 

— Chad Geaslen 

BRETHREN, thank you so very much for 
your prayers, support, and assistance in de- 
veloping the next generation of leaders. I look 

forward to your partnership in this mission field 
throughout the coming year. 

Working together, Dr. Mike Gleason 

October 1993 




Marketplace 29 A.D. is V.B.S. Theme 
At St. James, McL, Brethren Church 

St. James, Md. — Marketplace 29 A.D. 
was the theme of an unusual vacation 
Bible school held this past summer at 
the St. James Brethren Church. 

The church property was turned into 
a New Testament-times marketplace 

for the event. In the marketplace were 
several shops — the Weaver's Shop, 
Merchant's Shop, Potter's Shop, Baker's 
Shop, Dyer's Shop, and the Scribe's Shop 
— to which the children made visits. 
There they would make or do something 

Sandie Jamison leads a class of children at the Potter's Shop. 

(make unleavened bread, copy a portion 
of scripture, etc.) that related to Bible 
times and also hear a Bible story that 
tied in with the activities of that shop. 

A drama team from the church acted 
out a Bible story each evening, complete 
with costumes and props. A "well" was 
"dug" on the site, which was used for the 
story of the Woman at the Well and also 
as a place where the children could 
learn about the water of life. There was 
also a pen of Bible animals that the 
children could visit when they had fin- 
ished their classes. 

As the children arrived each evening, 
they registered at the Tax Collector's 
table, where they paid their "taxes" (gave 
their offering). Refreshments served 
nightly were foods in keeping with Bible 
times (figs, grapes, apricots, nuts, with 
water to drink). 

Kristy Bowers (Christian education 
director at St. James) and Cheryl Smith 
served as co-chairs of the V.B.S. The 
Summer Crusader team "His Work- 
manship" also helped with the V.B.S. 
An adult class, "Jesus, Paul and the End 
of the World," was taught by Ashland 
Theological Seminary professor Dr. Ben 

Marketplace 29 A.D. proved to be a 
most interesting and worthwhile 
V.B.S., so much so that the concept will 
be used again next year. Average attend- 
ance for the week was 195. 

— reported by Sandra L. Culler, 
administrative secretary 

Brethren Church Chuck Wagon 
Enters New Lebanon Parade 

New Lebanon, Ohio — Each year the 
village of New Lebanon commemorates 
having once been a stagecoach stop by 
holding a Stagecoach Days Festival, 
complete with carnival and parade. In- 
cluded in the June 12 parade this year 
was a chuck wagon sponsored by The 
Brethren Church of New Lebanon to 
promote the Family Feeding Fellow- 

The Family Feeding Fellowship is the 
result of an idea that spent a few years 
growing in the mind of Alice Blosser. 
When the church did a survey of mem- 
bers' gifts several years ago, Mrs. Blos- 
ser expressed an interest in helping to 
meet the food needs of people in the New 
Lebanon community. 

Drawing on like-minded individuals 
in the church for planning and prepara- 
tion, Mrs. Blosser offered the first meal 
on July 25, 1992. About 15 people took 
advantage of the opportunity for a good, 


hot meal and friendly fellowship. Every 
last Saturday of the month since then 
has seen a flurry of activity in the 
church kitchen and fellowship hall, as 
meals are prepared for delivery and 
tables are set for guests to come in. 

As the name suggests, the primary 
focus of the meal is on families. But 
anyone who is elderly, lonely, or in need 
of a little help with food is welcome. The 
fellowship comes through eating in com- 
pany with 
the other 
people who 
come for the 
meals. The 
free meals 
are offered at 
the end of the 
month be- 
cause this is 
often the time 
when people 
have the 
most diffi- 
culty making 
ends meet. 

The chuck wagon in the parade cer- 
tainly helped get the word out about 
this ministry. Fifty people came for the 
meal on June 26, about a dozen more 
than the average over the past year. But 
that's not the only benefit. Everyone 
who helped construct the float and who 
rode in the parade felt the special bond 
that comes from working together in 
God's ministry. 

— reported by Ray Hesketh, associate pastor 

New Lebanon Brethren and the Family Feeding Fellowship chuck wagon. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Flurry of Activity Engulfs Corinth Church 
As Pastor Bill Brady Concludes His Ministry 

Twelve Mile, Ind. — A flurry of ac- 
tivity engulfed the Corinth Brethren 
Church during the summer months as 
Rev. Bill Brady brought to a conclusion 
his five-year term as pastor of the con- 

On Sunday evening, July 18, Lynne 
Brady blessed the congregation and 
visiting members of the community 
with a piano concert featuring classical 
and sacred music. Many of the numbers 
were arrangements she had made dur- 
ing her years in Twelve Mile. Included 
in the performance were selections by 
Chopin, Bach, and Beethoven, blended 
with popular hymn tunes of the church. 

Sunday, July 25, was Super Summer 
Sunday at the church. Approximately 
90 people attended the 
evening celebration pre- 
sented by the Corinth 
Brethren Sunday school 
children. The children 
gave the program as a 
"consequence" of losing 
the Kids vs. Adults attend- 
ance contest on Friend 
Day V held earlier. 

The program included 
skits, poems written by 
the children about Pastor 
Brady, and musical num- 
bers taken from the seven 
musicals presented by 
the Junior Youth over the 
past five years. 

On August 1st, 132 members and 
friends of the congregation celebrated 
the ordination of Mike and Cathy Mor- 
row and George and Betty Staller as 
deacon couples in the church. Special 
music for the afternoon program fea- 
tured Cyrena Staller, Jill Zartman, 
Julie Fred, and Nila Staller. Pastor 
Brady brought the message. Among the 
visitors were former pastors Rev. 
Clarence Kindley and Rev. Mark Brit- 
ton, Indiana District moderator Rev. 
Jim Thomas, and Indiana District Elder 
Rev. Gene Eckerley. 

Then on Sunday, August 8, the 
Corinth congregation bid farewell to 
Pastor Bill and Lynne Brady and sons 
Bill and Bryan in a special night of 

iM !to 

New deacon couples Betty and George Staller (I.) and 
Mike and Cathy Morrow. 

Ron Miller is Pastor's Assistant 
At Linwood Brethren Church 

Linwood, Md. — Ron Miller became 
assistant to the pastor at the Linwood 
Brethren Church earlier this year. 

This was another step in a process 
that began about two years earlier when 
Ron, his wife, Sandy, and their two sons, 
Ronnie (13) and Bobby (6), began at- 
tending the Linwood Church. 

Shortly after their first visit to the 
church, Rev. Bob Keplinger, pastor of 
the congregation, made a pastoral call. 
During that visit Ron asked about the 
qualifications for Brethren pastoral 

"I gave him a good answer and we 
went on talking about Linwood, where 
they felt very much at home after only 
several visits," Pastor Keplinger recalls. 
"When I got home I began to realize that 
Ron was thinking deeper than I was, 
and [so I] went back for another visit. 

October 1993 

Ron confirmed that for several years he 
had sensed the Lord calling him into 
ministry, but he had not had the oppor- 
tunity and did not know what to do." 

The Millers soon became baptized 
members of the Linwood Church and 
began to assume roles of leadership. 
Ron now serves as president of the Lin- 
wood Men of Mission and is also assis- 
tant Sunday school superintendent. 
Sandy is the leader of the nursery de- 
partment and church clerk. 

Last February Ron was approached 
about becoming assistant to the pastor, 
and he agreed to do so. According to 
Pastor Keplinger, this has worked out 
very well, and Ron is looking forward to 
even more involvement in the Linwood 
Church and in the Brethren denomina- 
tion. Ron and Sandy were two of the six 
people from the Linwood congregation 
who attended the Evangelism Leaders 
Academy this summer. And during the 
summer Ron spoke at various churches 
in the community. 

music. The program included music by 
Marvin Dillman and by The Reason We 
Sing" (a contemporary gospel group fea- 
turing Dale and Heather Green, Doug 
and Melanie Nolen, and Richard 
Green), as well as a humorous skit writ- 
ten and presented by Gale Strong as- 
sisted by Stephanie Scott. 

The senior youth presented a basket- 
ball standard to Bryan; the Woman's 

Rev. and Mrs. Bill Brady 

Missionary Society presented a home- 
crafted quilt to Lynne; and the congre- 
gation presented a plaque commemo- 
rating 20 years of pastoral ministry to 
Pastor Brady. 

Following many tears, hugs, and prom- 
ises to visit, the congregation extended 
its best wishes and prayers to the Brady 
family as they prepared to depart for 
Tucson, Arizona, where Rev. Brady as- 
sumed the pastorate of the Tucson First 
Brethren Church on August 15. 

— reported by Rev. Bill Brady 

Ron and Sandy Miller. 

"It has been a real blessing for our 
congregation to see this young couple 
grow and be used of the Lord," Rev. 
Keplinger commented. 



Central District Conference Held July 9-10 
At the Cerro Gordo, III., Brethren Church 

Cerro Gordo, 111. — The Central Dis- 
trict Conference was held July 9-10 at 
the Cerro Gordo Brethren Church. 

Moderator-elect Ronald L. Waters 
opened the conference with an inspira- 
tional address in which he made several 
recommendations to the district. In 
later action, the 21 delegates (17 lay, 4 
ministerial) approved his recommenda- 
tion to set aside November 7, 1993, as a 
day of prayer in the district; approved 
his recommendation that the district 
provide an annual $3,000 scholarship 
for each student from the Central Dis- 
trict who attends Ashland Theological 
Seminary (with a scholarship to be 
awarded to a Brethren student from 
another district if no one from the Cen- 
tral District is attending the seminary); 
passed on to the District Executive 
Committee a recommendation that a 
study be made of the possibility of hold- 
ing conference every other year, with a 
time for inspiration and fellowship be- 
ing scheduled for the non-conference 

years; and approved a recommendation 
that each pastor in the district preach 
at least one sermon during the year 
"exhorting the Brethren to witness to 
the world by developing a Christ-like 

Moderator Phil Michael, a layman in 
the Lanark, 111., First Brethren Church, 
conducted the business sessions. In ad- 
dition to acting on the above recommen- 
dations, delegates received reports, 
elected officers, and took care of other 
items of business. A proposed 1994 dis- 
trict budget of $5,225 was approved, 
which included an apportionment in- 
crease from $7.50 to $8.00 per member. 
The District Mission Board budget was 
also accepted, which designated that 
$5,000 be used to provide funds so that 
the wives of Home Mission pastors 
could attend the training conferences 
that their husbands attend, so that they 
also could receive needed encourage- 
ment and fellowship. 

Officers for 1993-94 are moderator 

Deacon Couples Ordained 
At Goshen First Brethren 

Goshen, Ind. — Five new deacon cou- 
ples were ordained during the June 6 
morning worship service at the Goshen 
First Brethren Church. 

The couples were Ken and Paula 
Metzler, Bruce and Kelly Troeger, Bob 
and Penny Bollinger, Wayne and Serita 

Miner, and Greg and Deb Pollock. 

Rev. David Cooksey, Director of Pas- 
toral Ministries for The Brethren 
Church, gave the message for the serv- 
ice. Also taking part in the service were 
Goshen Senior Pastor Donald Rowser; 
Assistant Pastor David Kline; and Mrs. 
Charlene Rowser, who sang "How 
Lovely Are Thy Dwellings." 

— reported by Joan Cannon, chair, 
Public Relations Committee 

Goshen's new deacon couples and those who conducted the service of ordination: 
(I. to r.) Pastor Donald Rowser, Ken and Paul Metzler, Bruce and Kelly Troeger, Greg 
Pollock, Bob and Penny Bollinger, Assistant Pastor David Kline, Deb Pollock, Wayne 
and Serita Miner, and Rev. Dave Cooksey. 


Rev. Ron Waters; moderator-elect Rev. 
Ken Sullivan; secretary Doris Geisz; as- 
sistant secretary Cathy Poffenberger; 
treasurer Sue Michael; and assistant 
treasurer Melva Staples. 

According to the district statistical 
report, the four churches of the Central 
District ended the year with 662 mem- 
bers, with worship attendance for the 
year averaging 454. During the year 23 
members were added and 63 lost — 15 of 
these by the closing in July 1992 of the 
Milmine, 111., Brethren Church — for a 
net lost of 40 members. The district 
trustees reported that the Milmine 
Church property was sold for $8,000. 

In addition to the moderator-elect's 
address, inspirational messages were 
presented by Rev. Robert Schubert, 
associate pastor of the Lanark First 
Brethren Church; and by Rev. Russ 
Gordon, Director of Brethren Home 
Missions. Pastor David Condreay of the 
host church also led hymn sings at the 
beginning and the conclusion of the con- 

Next year's conference is scheduled 
for July 8-9 at the Milledgeville, 111., 
Brethren Church. 

Masontown, Pa. — Rev. Curt Nies 
(r.) was installed Sunday, June 13, 
as pastor of the Masontown Brethren 
Church. Rev. Dave Cooksey (I.), Di- 
rector of Pastoral Ministries for The 
Brethren Church, led the installation 
service. Marsha Nies (c), Pastor 
Nies's wife, sang the song "Thank 
You" during the service. Following 
the installation, the Nies family and 
Rev. Cooksey were dinner guests at 
the home of deaconess Dorothy Hess. 
Before coming to Masontown, Rev. 
Nies served for approximately 5V2 
years as pastor of the Falls City, 
Nebr., First Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Sarasota, Fla., Proclaims Aug. 8th J.D. Hamel Day 
In Honor of Pastor "Bud's" Seventieth Birthday 


Sarasota, Fla. — Sunday, the 
8th of August, was proclaimed Dr. 
J.D. Hamel Day in the city of 
Sarasota in honor of the 70th 
birthday of this Brethren pastor 
and evangelist affectionately 
known to most people as "Bud." 

Dr. Hamel received the key to 
the city during an all -city surprise 
birthday party held at the First 
Brethren Church of Sarasota, 
where he had served as pastor for 
28 years until his retirement in 
1988. But perhaps the best sur- 
prise for Dr. Hamel on this occa- 
sion was the opportunity to cele- 
brate his 70th birthday with his 
family, including his twin brother 
Dr. Dana B. Hamel and his wife, 
Shirley. Dr. Dana Hamel is chan- 
cellor emeritus of the Virginia Com- 
munity College system and execu- 
tive director of the Virginia Cen- 
ter for Public/Private Initiatives. 

Dr. J.D. Hamel's wife, Jean, 
and their three children — Jo Anne, 
John ( and Janet — were present, as well 
as all ten of their grandchildren. Dana's 
son, Randy, also made a surprise visit 
the next day. The grandchildren, which 
also include a set of twins, gave the 
older twins matching T-shirts that read, 
"It took me 70 years to look this good." 

Dr. J.D. Hamel (I.) shows surprise and delight at 
expected arrival from Virginia of his twin brother, 

The party was well-attended and was 
also broadcast live over radio station 
WKZM. Among the guests speaking 
and/or presenting awards at the gather- 
ing were Vice-Mayor Nora Patterson; 
John Lewis, Director of Public Safety 
(police and fire departments); Captain 

Jerry Eggleston representing Sheriff 
Geoffe Monge; City Manager Mr. Sollen- 
berger; former county commissioner 
Jerry Hente; and Sarasota First Breth- 
Pastor Rev. Dan Gray. Dr. J.D. 
Hamel also received numerous 
cards and letters, including a 
handwritten birthday greeting 
from Dr. Billy Graham. 

The event was especially joyful 
for Dr. Hamel because of his re- 
cent miraculous healing from can- 
cer, for which he gives God the 
glory. Following surgery in No- 
vember 1992, he was told that the 
aggressive cancer had spread and 
was incurable. But even before 
possible treatment could be dis- 
cussed, the cancer disappeared. 

"This birthday could have been 
very different for us," said his 
daughter Janet, visiting from Mich- 
igan. "We are rejoicing in the new 
life Dad has been given, and [we] 
don't want to wait until the Lord 
someday does take him home to 
show how much he is loved. We 
intend to spoil him now." 

And spoil him they did, not just 
his family, but the people of Sara- 
sota as well. They celebrated with 
gratitude his 33 years in the commu- 
nity, during which he served not only as 
pastor, but also as chaplain to the police, 
sheriff, and fire departments and the 
veterans organization, and as a friend 
to all whom he met. 

— taken in part from the Sarasota Herald Tribune 


The Princess and the Queen 
At Linwood Brethren Church 

Linwood, Md. — The Linwood Breth- 
ren Church recently had the honor of 
having both a princess and a queen 
among its members. 

The princess was Dawn Blacksten, 
who is now a senior at Francis Scott Key 
High School in 
Carroll County, 
Md. To her sur- 
prise, Dawn 
was chosen to 
be the princess 
at the junior- 
senior prom 
last spring. 

Dawn has 
been an active 
member at Lin- 
wood, serving as 
Sunday school 
secretary and 
as a teacher in 

Princess Dawn 

the nursery class. She has also been an 
avid church camper for many years. 

October 1993 

She comes from a long line of Linwood 
members, including her parents, Ron- 
nie and Barbara Blacksten; grandpar- 
ents, Wilbur and Betty Blacksten, and 
great-grandmother, Eva Blacksten. 

The queen was Mrs. Grace Nus- 
baum, a member for well over 40 years 
of the Linwood Brethren Church. Mrs. 
Nusbaum (86) is a resident of the West- 
minster Nursing Center, where she al- 
ways greets you with a cheery smile and 
enters into the activities of the home. 

One such activity was the Nursing 
Center's 18th Annual Queen Contest. 
For her talent presentation, Miss Grace, 
as she is called, read the poem, "The 
Touch of the Master's Hand," complete 
with an old violin. Then she led the 
assembled group in singing "Give Me 
That Old Time Religion." She took first 
place in the talent competition, won the 
contest, and was crowned queen. 

In addition to her own involvement in 
the church, Mrs. Nusbaum's family is 
active in the congregation. Her daugh- 
ter-in-law, Francis Lowman, is treas- 
urer of the church. One of her twin 
grandsons, Wayne Lowman, is modera- 

Queen Grace Nusbaum 
receives her crown. 

tor and a Sunday school teacher. And 
Wayne's brother, Warren, though in the 
military, maintains a vital interest in 
the church, as evidenced by his recent 
gift to Pastor Bob Keplinger of a liturgi- 
cal stole with the Jerusalem cross on it 
(see February Evangelist p. 17). 

— reported by Pastor Bob Keplinger 



James Kirkendall Ordained July 18th 
At the Brush Valley Brethren Church 

Adrian, Pa. — James E. Kirkendall 
was ordained an elder in The Brethren 
Church and his wife, Judy, was conse- 
crated as the wife of an elder in a spe- 
cial service held Sunday, July 18, at the 
Brush Valley Brethren Church, where 
Rev. Kirkendall serves as pastor. 

Rev. Dave Cooksey, Director of Pas- 
toral Ministries for The Brethren 
Church, led the service and brought the 
message. He was assisted with the ordi- 
nation by Rev. Keith Hensley, pastor of 
the Pleasant View (Vandergrift, Pa.) 
Brethren Church and member of the 
Pennsylvania District Board of Over- 

Jim Kirkendall was born September 
12, 1946, in Pittsburg, Calif., and grew 
up in California, where he attended 
Manteca Union High School and San 
Joaquin Delta College. He worked for 20 
years in retail management and a year 
in restaurant management before en- 
tering the pastoral ministry. 

When in his early 30's, he joined the 
Stockton Brethren Church. In the years 
that followed he held numerous offices 
in that congregation and in the North- 
ern California District, including serv- 
ing as the 1990-91 district moderator. 

In 1985 he came under conviction 

that God was calling him into full-time 
Christian service. He was licensed in 
the Stockton Church the following year 

der the direction of the elders in the 
Northern California District. One of his 
chief mentors was Rev. William Ander- 
son, who, upon his retirement, gave Jim 
most of his theological library. 

In 1991 he was called to pastor the 
Brush Valley Brethren Church, where 
he has served since March of that year. 

Rev. and Mrs. James Kirkendall (c.) with Rev. 

and began assisting the pastor of that 
congregation, as well as preaching at 
the other two Brethren churches in the 
district during pastoral absences. He 
also took Bible correspondence courses 
and engaged in a reading program un- 

Dave Cooksey (I.) and Rev. Keith Hensley. 

He currently serves as moderator of the 
Pennsylvania District. 

Jim and Judy (born in Sacramento, 
Calif.) were married July 6, 1966. They 
have two grown children, James and 
Angela, both of whom live in California. 

Adrian, Pa. — This past May was not only a time for the birds to sing at the Brush Valley Brethren Church, but also for 
the angels in heaven to join in the chorus. On May 23, Pastor Jim Kirkendall baptized 23 members into the congregation. 
Due to the number of people being baptized and the outside temperature, members Randy and Denise Hooks volunteered 
the use of their heated swimming pool for the baptism. Pastor Kirkendall and those baptized were most appreciative. 

— reported by Tim Lewis, vice moderator 


The Brethren Evangelist 


David E. Morrison Ordained a Brethren Elder 
At the Mt. Pleasant, Pa., First Brethren Church 

Mt. Pleasant, Pa. — David E. 
Morrison was ordained an elder in 
The Brethren Church and his 
wife, Susan, was consecrated as 
the wife of an elder in a service 
held May 16 at the Mt. Pleasant 
First Brethren Church, where 
Rev. Morrison serves as pastor. 

Rev. Henry Landis, pastor of the 
Mt. Pleasant Church of the Breth- 
ren, gave the message for the serv- 
ice. Also participating in the serv- 
ice were Rev. Robert Blank, retired 
pastor of the Mill Run, Pa., United 
Methodist Church; Brethren eld- 
ers Rev. Robert Hoffman and Rev. 
Bill Yoder; and Mt. Pleasant mem- 
bers Don Daniels and Charlotte 

Special music was presented by 
Sandy Weinman, the Mt. Pleasant Chil- 
dren's Choir, Mrs. Ina Daniels, and Rev. 
and Mrs. Morrison; Vicki Beal recited 
the poem, "A Divine Mission"; and the 
prelude was played by Susan Morrison 
and Ina Daniels. 

David Morrison was born October 5, 
1947, in Ohiopyle, Pa. He accepted 
Christ as his Lord and Savior at age 12 
while attending the Mill Run Evangel- 
ical United Brethren Church. He was 

Rev. and Mrs. David Morrison 
and daughters Jennifer (r.) and Emily. 

active in the church's youth group and 
choir as well as in Youth for Christ, 
where he met his future wife, Susan 
Reyes of South Connellsville, Pa. The 
couple sang together for many church 
activities and graduated from Connells- 
ville Joint High School together in 1966. 
After attending the Art Institute of 
Pittsburgh, David served in the US Air 
Force from 1968-72. After his return 
from a year's tour in Thailand, he and 
Susan were married on January 25, 

1970, one week after Susan's gradu- 
ation from Indiana University of Penn- 
sylvania. The couple lived near Spring- 
field, Mass., until 1972, when they re- 
turned to Pennsylvania. Susan began 
teaching in Connellsville area 
schools, while David attended 
California University, graduating 
in December 1974 with a degree in 
elementary education. 

In 1985 David began schooling 
through the United Methodist 
Church at Wesley Seminary in 
Washington, D.C., while serving 
as a lay pastor and pulpit supply. 
In 1988, he accepted a United Meth- 
odist Church pastorate in Ohio- 
pyle, Pa. Then in March of 1990 he 
became pastor of the Mt. Pleasant 
First Brethren Church. Since 1990 
he has completed the Brethren 
course of study, testing, and inter- 
viewing at the district and denomi- 
national level for ordination. 
In addition to his pastoral responsi- 
bilities, Rev. Morrison teaches fifth 
grade at C.N. Pritts Elementary School, 
where Mrs. Morrison teaches first 
grade. The Morrisons have two daugh- 
ters, Jennifer (Potosky), who works 
with handicapped adults; and Emily 
(17), who attends Business Careers In- 
stitute in Greensburg, Pa. The Morrison 
family had a musical ministry together 
while the girls were growing up, which 
is now continued by David and Susan. 

Bethlehem Holds Special Event 
To Kick Off 2nd Year of POtP 

Harrisonburg, Va. — The Bethlehem 
Brethren Church held an "unsched- 
uled" Passing On the Promise event on 
Sunday, September 5 — a lunch to kick 
off the church's second year of POtP. 

As the Bethlehem Brethren enter their 
second year of the POtP process, this 
seemed like a good time to summarize 
where they had been and done, and to 
build interest and enthusiasm for what 
lies ahead. 

Right after the worship service, all 
interested Bethlehemites were treated 
to a deli-style luncheon. A cake with the 
words "One Down and Two to Go" 
summed up the program that followed. 

Using the POtP timeline, Co-coordi- 
nator Kathy Velanzon summed up each 
event, activity, study, survey, and spe- 
cial day of the first year. Then the door- 
way to the coming year — the results of 
growth workshop I — were shared to 
build interest for the future. 

"We see the first year as the founda- 
tion-laying and attitude-building time," 
Mrs. Velanzon said. "We realize that it 

October 1993 

was necessary to just 'follow the man- 
ual' and do the work. Now it is time for 
the proof of the pudding, and we eagerly 
look forward to 'Reaching Out in Word 
and Deed' this fall and to 'Inviting and 
Welcoming New People' in the spring." 
"We want to encourage the first-year 
POtP churches to persevere," she added. 
"Just do it!" 

More Prayer is Recommended 
At Midwest District Conference 

Derby, Kans. — Prayer was the focus 
of three recommendations made by the 
Recommendations Committee at the Mid- 
west District Conference, held June 25- 
27 at the Derby First Brethren Church. 
The committee recommended (1) 
that each church begin at least one and 
preferable two weekly prayer groups de- 
voted solely to prayer; (2) that each 
church establish two 24-hour church 
prayer vigils during the year; and (3) 
that each member set aside one time or 
day of fasting and prayer a month and 
practice a daily devotional and prayer 
life. A fourth recommendation called on 
each church to promote participation by 

each member in Communion at least 
once a year. 

Moderator Sue Hurd, a registered 
nurse and a member (and wife of the 
pastor) of the Cheyenne, Wyo., Breth- 
ren Church presided over the Confer- 
ence and presented a message at the 
opening session. Also giving messages 
at the conference were Rev. Dave Cook- 
sey, Director of Pastoral Ministries for 
The Brethren Church; Rev. Russ Gor- 
don, Director of Brethren Home Mis- 
sions; and General Conference modera- 
tor Rev. Glenn Grumbling. 

The conference also included a talent 
show, a Communion service, several 
business sessions, and concluded with a 
fellowship meal. 

Twenty-two delegates (19 lay, 3 min- 
isters) were seated for the conference. 
Business included reports, elections, 
and other items. Officers for the coming 
year are Chris Nelson, moderator; Rev. 
Mark Britton, moderator-elect; Cindy 
Smith, secretary; Marilyn Minor, treas- 
urer; and Carolyn Tucker, assistant sec- 

Next year's conference will be held 
June 10-12 at the Falls City, Nebr., 
First Brethren Church. 



"Becoming Progressive Again" is Theme 
Of District Conference in Pennsylvania 

Meyersdale, Pa. — Speaking on the 
conference theme, "Becoming Progres- 
sive Again," Moderator Bill Yoder chal- 
lenged Brethren to become progressive 
in knowing Christ, obeying Christ, serv- 
ing Christ, and sharing Christ, in his 
address at the Pennsylvania District Con- 
ference held July 22-24 at Camp Peniel. 

In addition to presenting this mes- 
sage, Rev. Yoder presided over the sev- 
eral business sessions of the conference, 
which were attended by a total of 76 
delegates (63 lay and 13 ministerial). In 
addition to receiving district and de- 
nominational reports and taking care of 
routine business, delegates approved 
several changes to the district constitu- 
tion and by-laws. 

Action was also taken to establish a 
district task force to make a year-long 
evaluation of past, present, and future 
uses of Camp Peniel. The task force is 
to study the district's goals and objec- 
tives and how the camp fits into these, 
as well as the priority of scheduling of 
the camp facilities in relation to district 
goals. Appointed to the task force were 
Rev. Robert Hoffman, Don Rosie, Pastor 
Ralph John, Pat Pyne, Adele Ritchey, 
and Jamie Galespie. 

According to the district statistical 
report, in 1992 the 22 churches of the 
Pennsylvania District averaged 1,369 

Lift for Physically Impaired 
To be Installed at Ardmore 

South Bend, Ind. — What has been a 
dream for many years at the Ardmore 
First Brethren Church took one more 
step toward becoming reality on Sun- 
day, August 8, when the congregation 
broke ground for installation of a lift 
system for the physically impaired. 

The Ardmore Church facility is a nice, 
two-story, brick building constructed in 
1969. The sanctuary is at ground level, 
and the fellowship hall and classrooms 
are in the basement, with 17 steps be- 
tween them. These steps have been a 
hindrance not only for some members of 
the congregation, but also to people the 
church has been trying to reach. 

According to the pastor, Rev. Bill Ship- 
man, "Getting down is not the problem, 
it's getting back upstairs. Some of our 
more mature saints suffer pain for up to 
a week after navigating the stairs to 
attend a function important to them." 

A two-stop, in-line lift will be in- 
stalled. The total project will cost 


in worship attendance; gained 133 
members; lost 332 (259 by "reversion") 
for a net loss of 199 members; and ended 
the year with 1,673 members. Five 
churches — Main Street (Meyersdale), 
Masontown, Mt. Pleasant, Pleasant 
View, and Sergeantsville — showed a 
net gain in membership; three stayed 
the same; and 14 showed a net loss. 

In elections, Gerald Zook was chosen 
moderator-elect; secretary Debbie 
Knappenberger, assistant secretary 
Nancy McGraw, treasurer Grace Grum- 
bling, and assistant treasurer Pat Pyne 
were all re-elected to their positions; 
and Norman Menhorn was elected stat- 
istician. Rev. Jim Kirkendall, pastor of 
the Brush Valley Brethren Church, is 
the new moderator. 

The conference opened on Thursday 
with an all-day seminar on "Spiritual 
Formation," led by Ashland Theological 
Seminary professor Dr. Jerry Flora. 
Three mini-seminars were also held on 
Friday afternoon: "Vision for the 
Church," led by Dr. Fred Finks; "Build- 
ing Church Relationships," led by Rev. 
Dave Cooksey; and "GCEC Explanation," 
led by Rev. Marlin McCann. Rev. Jim 
Kirkendall presented the moderator- 
elect's message on Saturday morning. 

Next year's conference will be held 
July 21-23 at Camp Peniel. 

Breaking ground for the lift at the Ard- 
more Church are (I. to r.) Bill Kidder, Min- 
istry of Property chair; Moderator Mark 
Dale; and Pastor Bill Shipman. 

around $42,000 and is projected for 
completion by mid-November. 

"We are praising God for His faithful- 
ness as we move ahead with this 
dream," said Pastor Shipman. "Dreams 
do come truer 

Milledgeville Organist Marian Haugh 

Milledgeville Church Honors 
Organist Mrs. Marian Haugh 

Milledgeville, 111. — Marian Haugh 
was honored Sunday, August 15, by the 
Milledgeville Brethren Church for her 
38 years of service to the congregation 
as organist. 

The special recognition for Mrs. 
Haugh began during the morning wor- 
ship service, when some of her favorite 
musical selections were presented as 
special music. Two poems written in her 
honor were read by Judy Pettenger and 
Lucile Woessner. Pastor Kenneth Sul- 
livan's sermon, "Rejoice in Another's 
Honor," also paid tribute to Mrs. Haugh. 

Mrs. Haugh was given the day off 
from her responsibilities at the organ, 
and she was able to enjoy the service in 
the company of her sister-in-law, her 
nephews and their wives, and a number 
of her cousins, who sat with her during 
the worship hour. 

Following the service, she joined 30 of 
her relatives for a dinner at the home of 
her nephew and his wife. The meal was 
followed by a reception at the church in 
her honor, sponsored by the Brethren 
Beacons Woman's Missionary Society. 
Approximately 140 people stopped in to 
express their appreciation to Mrs. 
Haugh for her service to the church. 

In addition to serving as organist, 
Mrs. Haugh has been a member of the 
Woman's Missionary Society for many 
years and filled various offices in the 
society. According to Mrs. Haugh, the 
highlight of her years as organist was 
being able to play for the wedding of her 
grandniece, Susan Livengood Meadows. 

She expects to be a part of the on- 
going ministry of the Milledgeville 
Brethren Church as long as the Lord 
gives her the health to continue. 

— reported by Lorraine Haugh 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 

Hi boys and girls! 

Did you get to see the meteor shower that took place in August? My family and I 
went outside and watched the sky. We have never really taken the time to just gaze up 
at the heavens above. We saw many star formations, and we even tried to count all the 
millions of stars. 

Some of the most beautiful scenery in our world is in the sky. Sometimes we forget 
to look up and see all the beautiful things above that God has created. When we look 
up, we see new things — different from those we see on earth. 

Did you know that Jesus wants us to look up, too? In Colossians 3:2, He tells us to 
set our minds on things that are above, not on things that are on earth. That means that 
we are to think good thoughts. Say kind things to others. Forgive those who treat us 
wrong. When we do these things, the Bible says that our future is "hidden with Christ." 

When we look up and focus on good things, we don't need to worry about our 
future. God will always take care of us! 

Color the pumpkins that have a true sentence in them. 

Jesus tells us to think 

about things above 

and not about things 

on earth. 

We should only treat 

others kindly if we 

feel like it. 

October 1993 



Two Deacon Couples Ordained Aug. 22nd 
At the College Corner Brethren Church 

Wabash, Ind. — Mike and Gay 
Shoemaker and Rick and Debbie 
Sweet were ordained as deacon cou- 
ples in a service held Sunday morn- 
ing, August 22, at the College Corner 
Brethren Church. 

Rev. Glenn Grumbling, pastor of 
the College Corner Church, led the 
worship service, which had been 
planned in its entirety by the Sweets 
and the Shoemakers. Rev. Duane 
Dickson, former pastor of the congre- 
gation and the officiating clergyman 
at the weddings of both couples, pre- 
sented the message for the service. 

Using Acts 6 as the basis of his 
message, Rev. Dickson emphasized 
the importance of deacons and dea- 
conesses being totally committed to 
Christ and of their leading by exam- 
ple. He also called upon members of 
the congregation to support these 
new deacon couples as well as all their 
deacons and deaconesses by their ac- 
tions and their prayers. 

All current active and inactive dea- 
cons and deaconesses were invited to 

Huntington Becomes "Ark Park" for V.B.S. 

Huntington, Ind. — The sanctuary and classrooms of the 
Huntington First Brethren Church became an "Ark Park" 
this past summer for a week of vacation Bible school. 

Stuffed animals, animal posters, and life-sized animal 
stand-ups and murals provided an imaginative setting for 
exciting Bible studies, singing, and craft work. Bible classes 
were named for birds and animals: Macaws (beginners), 
Tigers (primaries), Zebras (middlers), and Lions (juniors). An 
animal puppet show was presented each evening. 

Two interesting sidelights of this V.B.S. were that four sets 
of twins attended, and that a family of four (mother, father, 
son, and daughter) taught the large primary class. 

— reported by Roxie E. Stahl and Judy Lee, V.B.S. director 

New deacon couples at College Corner (front, 
I. to r.) Rick and Debbie Sweet and Mike and Gay 
Shoemaker, with Rev. Duane Dickson (back, I.) 
and Pastor Glenn Grumbling. 

join in the laying on of hands for the new 
deacon couples. The service concluded 
with Lori Lawson singing as an altar 
call the Ray Boltz selection 'That's 
What This Altar Is For." A moving show 

of support was 

demonstrated as 
nearly all in at- 
tendance went to 
the altar in an at- 
titude of prayer. 
— reported by 
Bonnie Lawson 

Bryan Church Says Farewell 
To Interim Pastor Earl Thomas 

Bryan, Ohio — Members of the Bryan 
First Brethren Church gathered at a 
pot-luck meal on Sunday, September 
12, to say farewell to interim pastor Dr. 
Earl Thomas and his wife, Irene. 

Dr. Thomas, a retired United Breth- 
ren Church pastor, came out of retire- 
ment to serve the Bryan Church. He 
commuted each weekend (and some- 
times during the week) from Indianapo- 
lis, Ind., to minister to the church. He 
served the congregation for eight months. 

The congregation showed its appre- 
ciation to the Thomases for their minis- 
try at Bryan by presenting them a beau- 
tiful floral arrangement, a picture, a 
love offering, and numerous cards. 
— reported by Louise Bishop, cor. secretary 

Standing in front of the Ark Park sign are the four sets of twins who 
attended the Huntington First Brethren V. B. S. — (/. to r. ) Sean Pearce, 
Kristi and Kari Lee, Shane and Shannon Ross, Michael Pearce (identi- 
cal twin of Sean), and Jerod and Jeremy Wynkoop. 


West Alexandaria Completes Shelter House 

West Alexandria, Ohio — After two years and much labor 
by members and friends of the congregation, the shelter 
house of the West Alexandria First Brethren Church was 
ready for its first big event. 

That event was a fish fry, held Saturday June 26, attended 
by members of the church and their relatives and friends. 
Approximately 200 enjoyed the food, fellowship, and enter- 
tainment by the Southernaires and other singing groups. 

A dedication service for the structure is planned for this fall. 
It will be an all-day event, with food, fun, and games following 
a regular Sunday morning worship service. 

— reported by Luella Painter 

The Brethren Evangelist 



The Flora, Ind., First Brethren Church 
has called Jeff Gilmer to serve as asso- 
ciate pastor. Jeff, a 1993 graduate of 
Ashland University, is assisting Flora 
pastor Rev. Alvin Grumbling, who has 
reduced his workload in order to provide 
family care. Jeff is the son of Dr. and 
Mrs. Arden Gilmer of Ashland, where 
his father pastors Park Street Brethren 

Rev. Robert Schubert, associate pas- 
tor of the Lanark, 111., First Brethren 
Church, was recently approved by the 
National Ordination Council for ordina- 
tion in The Brethren Church. A retired 
elder in the United Brethren Church, he 
served the Lanark Church as interim 
pastor for eight months prior to the ar- 
rival of Pastor Jim Garrett. Since Pastor 
Garrett's coming, he has continued to 
serve the church as associate pastor. 

Rose Davis, a member since 1907 of 
the Cerro Gordo, 111., Brethren Church, 
celebrated her 95th birthday on July 19. 
Her church helped her celebrate with 
cake and punch after the morning wor- 
ship service on July 18. According to 
reporter Shirley Powell, Rose is still 
very active — even walks to church and 
mows her own yard. 

honored September 19 at a special re- 
ception at the church on the occasion of 
his 90th birthday. 

Immediately following the recent 
earthquake in India, World Relief of 
NAE began sending emergency supplies 
for 500 to 1,000 families in that country. 
The supplies (tents, medicines, cloth- 
ing, blankets, food, utensils, and safe 
drinking water) will be distributed by 
the Evangelical Fellowship of India 
Commission on Relief. Your contribu- 
tions to Brethren World Relief through 

your local church or sent directly to The 
Brethren Church National Office at 524 
College Ave., Ashland OH, 44805 help 
provide these much-needed supplies. 

Note: The area of India served by the 
Brethren Mission in India was not dam- 
aged by the earthquake. Rev. James R. 
Black, Executive Director of the Mis- 
sionary Board of the Brethren Church, 
was in Visakhapatnam, India, at the 
time, and did not feel the quake, al- 
though the tremor was felt at Rajamun- 
dry, where the Kumars live. 

In Memory 

Paul Cofield, 72, September 8. Member for 47 
years of the South Bend First Brethren Church, 
where he served as an, usher and was a member 
of the men's fellowship. Services by Pastor Larry 
R. Baker. 

Ida Belle Hanna, 98, September 7. Charter mem- 
ber and deaconess of the Kokomo First Brethren 
Church and former member of the Burlington 
First Brethren Church. Mrs. Hanna was the 
mother of Brethren elder Rev. G. Bright Hanna. 
Services by Rev. Dennis Sigle, pastor of the 
Burlington First Brethren Church. 
Paul Metzger, 79, September 7. Member of The 
Brethren Church at New Lebanon. Services by 
Pastors James Black and Ray Hesketh. 
Alvia Lit tell, 75, August 19. Member of the Mun- 
cie First Brethren Church, where he served as a 
trustee, greeter, usher, and treasurer of the Mature 
Brethren group. He also was a volunteer at a local 
hospital, where he shared his faith as opportuni- 
ties arose. Services by Pastor Keith Bennett. 
Kyle Dark, Jr., 71, August 4. Member of the 
Muncie First Brethren Church. Services by Pas- 
tor Keith Bennett. 

Adda M. Sibert, 95, June 5, at the Brethren's 
Home, Flora, Ind. Member of the Mexico, Ind., 
First Brethren Church. She was the widow of 
Brethren elder Rev. Floyd S. Sibert, who died in 
1972. Services by Rev. Martha Cory of the 
Howard Church of the Brethren. 


Patricia Bland to Charles Keplinger, Septem- 
ber 11, at the Ashland University Chapel; Rev. 
Robert Keplinger, father of the groom, and Rev. 
Randy Saultz, associate pastor of the Ashland 
Park Street Brethren Church, officiating. Groom 
a member of the Linwood Brethren Church. 
Eileen Jean Walls to Robert Orner, September 
11, at the Vinco Brethren Church; Rev. Carl 
Phillips officiating. Members of the Vinco Breth- 
ren Church. 

Jessica Waddell to Todd Anderson, September 
4, at the West Alexandria First Brethren Church; 
Pastor David S. Oligee officiating. 
Tressa Griffith to Travis Golden, September 3, 
at the St. James Brethren Church; Pastor Brian 
Moore officiating. Bride a member of the St. 
James Brethren Church. 

Amy Lynn Kline to Lee Scott Manda, August 
28, in Canton, Ohio; Rev. Robert L. Keplinger 
and Rev. Terry Colley officiating. Bride a mem- 
ber of the Canton Trinity Brethren Church. 
Phyllis Plank to Charles Haughs, August 20, at 
the Flora First Brethren Church; Pastor Alvin 
Grumbling officiating. Members of the Flora 
First Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Milledgeville: 4 by transfer 
Pleasant View: 5 by baptism 

Dale and Delores 
Hurt and Mrs. Judith 
Heying were commis- 
sioned as deacon and 
deaconesses in the 
South Bend, Ind., First 
Brethren Church dur- 
ing the September 11 
Sunday morning wor- 
ship service. Dr. Lee 
Solomon, pastor of the 
Winding Waters Breth- 
ren Church, was the 
guest speaker for the 
occasion, and he as- 
sisted Pastor Larry 
Baker with the com- 
missioning service. 

Walter Davis, a 

member of the North 
Manchester, Ind., First 
Brethren Church, was 


Director of Doctor of Ministry Program 

Ashland Theological Seminary, a conservative evangelical 
seminary with 550 students, invites resumes from individuals with 
experience in administration, leadership, and development. 

Requirements include: doctoral degree, commitment to evangel- 
ical faith and life, pastoral experience with strong administrative skills. 

Send resume and references by January 1, 1994, to: 

Dr. Frederick J. Finks 

Ashland Theological Seminary 

910 Center Street 

Ashland, OH 44805 

Ashland Theological Seminary does not discriminate in its employment 
practices on the basis of race, color, sex, and ethnic or national origin. 

October 1993 


The future belongs to those who prepare 
for it Let Ashland University provide 
the foundation for a success- 
ful career. 

Ashland University is proud of its record of 
educating hundreds of Brethren students who 
have found that the road to success travels 
through Ashland University. Many Brethren 
graduates of Ashland University serve in 
various capacities in The Brethren Church — 
both as ministerial and as lay workers. 

Students attending Ashland have the oppor- 
tunity for involvement in the campus religious 
life activities and the activities of The Brethren 

Check out Ashland University and its many 
scholarships, including the special $800 
Brethren Grant. Ninety-five percent of AU stu- 
dents receive financial aid, with the average 
award being approximately $7,000. 

Learn more about your university. Call 1-800- 
882-1548 toll free in Ohio, or (419) 289-5052 
out of state. 




sL U 

_ OJ .,-; 

X X 'Z. 

'r~ O <£ 

Lu !2T SI 

Funderburg Library 

STAKE-ing a claim for Jesus Christ 

in Florida. see PP „ 13-14. 

Developing a Global Vision 

A Good Thing Going 

I talk to lots of missionaries 
and read their prayer letters and 
reports. Sometimes I run across a 
missionary who is depressed or dis- 
illusioned. (A writer once com- 
plained that missionary letters 
tend to be "preachy, angry, folksy 
or whiny.") But the vast majority 
of short- and long-term mission- 
aries talk enthusiastically about 
their work. 

Vicki Weir, a recent college grad- 
uate from Charlotte, North Caro- 
lina, spent a year in Latin America 
with a short-term program. When 
she came home, Vicki said, "I've 
been a Christian for years, but I've 
grown more spiritually in this last 
year than in my whole life. God 
has helped me know who I am and 
how I can serve Him better." 

Giving and receiving 

Greg Sigvaldson of Dublin, Cali- 
fornia, recently took a short-term 
mission trip to Mexico. Afterward 
he described the experience in 
glowing terms. Not only had his 
team given, but it had received. 

"I was impressed that Fabiola, the 
youngest daughter in the house 
where I stayed, gave up her bed 
and bedroom for my missionary 
partner and myself," he wrote. "In 
her 20s, Fabiola went and shared 
a bed with her sister. Before this 
trip, I doubt whether I as an adult 
would have slept with my brother if 
a missionary from Mexico visited us." 

Career workers, too, assess their 
missionary vocation with an eager 
eye. How encouraging, for instance, 

to see the passion for Christian 
service of Tim and Jan Eagle and 
Todd and Tracy Ruggles, new 
Brethren missionaries in Mexico. 

So why do we often think mis- 
sionary work is boring, tedious, 
and even second-rate? Sometime 
even the missionaries themselves 
express surprise that their experi- 
ence turned out so well. 

Seeing the needs 

Maybe one value of short-term 
missions is that it allows Chris- 
tians to witness spiritual and 
physical needs first hand. Also, 
they can observe missionaries in 

Yes, the "practical" thing for a 
college student to do during sum- 
mer is work — pay off those bills. 
But what better investment in 
one's Christian life and the lives of 
others can a person make than 
spending a summer (or longer) 
stint overseas? 

One of the biggest missionary 
booms in U.S. history occurred just 
after World War II, when Chris- 
tian GIs — deeply moved by the 
needs they'd seen in Asia, Europe, 
and other nations — returned over- 
seas to fight a much different kind 
of battle in God's army. 

A whole new vision 

Similarly today, Christians who 
take a short-term mission trip often 
return home with a whole new 
vision for the world, and even for 
their own backyard. 

Short-term workers from Big 
Valley Grace Community Church 

in Modesto, California, had a suc- 
cessful ministry in San Luis Potosi, 
Mexico. "It was unquestionably 
life-changing for all involved," said 
a Big Valley pastor, Lonnie Skiles. 

But the story didn't end there. 
Returning home, team member 
Diane Warn felt convicted about the 
need to share Christ in Modesto 
just as she'd done in Mexico. 

Diane got permission to conduct 
children's Bible clubs in a predom- 
inantly Hispanic apartment com- 
plex. And before long her church 
conducted an evangelistic outreach 
there. Almost 100 people accepted 
Christ in just two nights of meet- 
ings. Now Big Valley plans to start 
a daughter congregation to handle 
all the new believers. 

False stereotypes 

Maybe you are debating the idea 
of missionary service, whether 
short or long. First get rid of the 
false stereotypes, such as: 

• Missionaries are perfect. Wrong! 
Just ask one. 

• Missionaries have all the an- 
swers. Wrong again. You'll never 
have all the answers. Only God 
does. Go as a learner. 

• Missionaries are serious. Yes, 
about their commitment to Jesus 
Christ. But they don't check 
their sense of humor at the door. 
Fun is not prohibited on the mis- 
sion field. 

• Missionaries never have doubts. 

Come on, do you know anyone 

who never has doubts? 

Missionary service is not for every- 
one. But if you find yourself cur- 
ious to know more, if you feel 
comfortable around people from 
another culture, even if you find 
yourself reading this article, may- 
be God is trying to tell you some- 

The late missionary statesman 
John R. Mott once said, "Without a 
doubt there comes to many of us 
the choice between a life of contrac- 
tion and one of expansion; a life of 
small dimensions and one of wid- 
ening horizons and larger visions 
and plans; a life of self-satisfaction 
or self-seeking and one of unselfish 
or truly Christ-like sharing." 

If you sense God calling you to 
missionary service, don't rest until 
the matter's settled. You won't be 
disappointed. [ft] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Funderburg Library 


North Manchester, IN 46962 

November 1993 

Volume 115, Number 10 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


John Maust 

Children's Page 

Sandi Rowsey 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
July and August issues are 
combined) by The Brethren 
Church, Inc., 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, OH 44805-3792. Au- 
thors' views are not necessarily 
those of The Brethren Church. 

Subscription Rates: One 

year, $11.25 for 100% church 
lists; $13.00 for church lists 
of five or more names; $14.00 
for individual subscriptions. 
Single-copy price, $1.50. 

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Manuscript Policy: While 
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clude a self-addressed, stamped 
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Postmaster: Please send Form 
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Member: Evangelical Press 


Thanksgiving: Attitudes of the Heart by David Hoyt 4 

With "Thanksgiving Reflections" by members of the Ashland Park Street 
Brethren Church. 

God uses the events in our lives, even those that are deeply painful, to 
create within us thankful hearts. 

How Brethren Understand God's Word 7 

Second part of a two-part study of the Brethren approach to biblical 
interpretation, prepared by the Committee on Doctrine, Research, 
and Publication of The Brethren Church. 

The Inner and Outer Words by Dale R. Stoffer 9 

Brethren believe that both the indwelling presence of the Holy Spirit 
and Scripture are essential in order to understand God's will. 

Ministry Pages Home Missions 

Turning Vision into Reality by Russell C. Gordon 11 

What Is It Like to be a Home Mission Pastor? by Todd Bonnett 11 
Church-Planting in Florida by David Stone 13 


Developing a Global Vision 2 

by John Maust 

Cartoon 3 

Children's Page 

by Sandi Rowsey 
From the Grape Vine 



The November-December Woman's Outlook Newsletter is in the center of this 


Answers to the Little Crusader page: 

There are no answers provided for this month's Little Crusader page. 
What are you thankful for? Did you write a letter to Jesus? 


Pontius' Puddle 

P0S5 1 fcLE, 

A YEAR • • • 


November 1993 


Attitudes of the Heart 

By David Hoyt 

With "Thanksgiving Reflections" by members of the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church. 

in the overdrive of this world, 
followers of Jesus Christ can still 
have inward peace and radiate 
thankful hearts. 

How can this be, with so many 
difficulties invading our lives un- 
expectedly? Pressures tug and pull 
relentlessly. Hurts and interper- 
sonal problems arise at work, in 
our daily contacts, and in family 
life. Disappointments, set-backs, 
illness, the death of loved ones 
turn our world upside down in one 
crisis event after another. Intense 
anger or feelings of failure throw 
us into a negative tailspin. Heart- 
wrenching circumstances cause us 
to ask hard questions of God: 
"Where, O God, is Your protection, 
justice, mercy, love?" 

As Christians, we have God's 
promise that He can speak to us by 
His Holy Spirit, giving us under- 
standing and perspective. We have 
a living God and Savior who com- 
forts and who is able to reveal His 
boundless love to us in all circum- 
stances, even those that are deeply 
painful. He gives us hope and sup- 
port and creates within us a thank- 
ful heart! 

God's love shines 
through the darkness 

In life's most difficult obstacles, 
God's love can shine through the 
darkness! He walks with us 
through the most severe crisis. 

Could anything good come out of 
the Holocaust? Yes, a humble and 
deeply inspiring person named 
Corrie ten Boom! She was a Chris- 
tian woman of great integrity and 
honesty, who learned the miracle 
of forgiving and loving those who 

Dave Hoyt is Pastor of Youth Disci- 
pleship at Park Street Brethren Church 
in Ashland, Ohio. 

had been responsible for the tor- 
ture and execution of her family. 
And she, in turn, has taught the 
Body of Christ worldwide those 
same lessons. 

Hidden in the pain and tragedies 
of life are also the cleansing mir- 
acles sent to rid us of selfishness 
and an ungrateful spirit. God's 
mercy heals us as we serve in faith 
and obedience, giving birth to com- 
passion that helps us grow up in 
Jesus Christ. 

A working 
partnership with God 

Germinating and sustaining a 
heart-attitude of thanksgiving is 
achieved by having a working 
partnership with God! It requires a 
hungering and thirsting and seek- 
ing on our part for deep commun- 
ion with God in the Holy Spirit. It 
grows as we meditate on His holy 
word and practice patience in His 
presence, letting His Holy Pres- 
ence saturate our being. Allowing 
Him to comfort and teach us 
sooths and heals the pains and dis- 
couragements of life. As we trust 
Him for a resurrected attitude, He 
produces in us the spiritual fruit of 
being a disciple of Jesus Christ. 

We can also see "this attitude of 
spiritual gold" lived out in the lives 
of those who have gone before us. 
Bible characters, Christians through- 
out history and in God's church to- 
day, and even those in our own fam- 
ilies provide living examples of 
God's shining grace. This heart- 
attitude of thanksgiving is some- 
times caught when we interact 
with those who have intentionally 
chosen to live close to Jesus Christ. 
There's nothing "ho hum" about 
their dependence on God or their 
personal commitment to dedicate 
themselves wholly to God on an 
everyday basis! Such models and 

mentors are a huge help to us! 

Thanksgiving attitudes of the 
heart are also grown in the soil of 
the big and little happenings and 
miracles of daily living. They spring 
forth in appreciation for God's ten- 
der mercies, which awaken us in 
the morning and give us rest when 
we're exhausted. They find fertile 
soil in family ties and close rela- 
tionships, among fellow believers, 
and with the unsaved. Overflowing 
joys and blessings show us God's 
great love over and over again. 

It's neat to look for God's active 
work in our family, at work or 
school, with our close friends, and 
among those to whom we are 
reaching out. We give thanks for 
His answers to prayer; His help in 
daily living; the wonder of being 
forgiven and of having salvation in 
Jesus Christ! God continues His 
good work in our lives and never 
leaves us. The Lord is always near 
us in the Holy Spirit, sent by our 
Lord Jesus Christ to actively help 
us continue in communion with 
the Father. 

A precious gift 
in the Body of Christ 

A precious gift has been given to 
us in the many disciples who make 
up Christ's Body. We share lives of 
commitment, sorrows, listening 
ears, comforting arms and hearts, 
along with our victories and faith. 
We are natural lives touched by 
the supernatural hand of God! We 
all are in need of encouragement 
from God and from one another. 

The following personal reflec- 
tions have been shared by a hand- 
ful of believers from Park Street 
Brethren Church in Ashland. They 
are our offering of thanksgiving to 
God, passed on to our larger, spir- 
itual family, to strengthen, broaden 
perspective, and inspire hope. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Thanksgiving Reflections 

come along in our lives, we 
should always try to give thanks 
because of God's love. Remember, 
and give thanks, all the time, be- 
cause He is always upholding us 
and is there to guide us! Even if we 
don't have a convenient life, God is 
still with us, and that's reason 
enough to be thankful. There are 
many things we take for granted 
until we don't have them anymore, 
like health. Praise Him for the way 
He uses His family to love and 
encourage us during these times. 
There are times when we need to 
be with God's family, even when 
we're ill or depressed. I've found as 
I go to worship or meet with His 
people, that the Lord lifts my 
spirit, and I appreciate that. 

— Bobbi Gilmer 
(Bobbi is currently undergoing chemo- 
therapy treatments for cancer.) 

people who serve. I'm especially 
thankful to the Lord Jesus Christ, 
because He is the greatest servant 
of all. We have all kinds of people 
who come in here to serve in a va- 
riety of ways. When we're thankful 
and express appreciation to them 
and also to God, it helps those who 
serve us to find greater personal 
satisfaction in their work. Other- 
wise, they might be cold or formal. 
We make friends with the attend- 
ants and nurses here, and quickly 
find out that there are those 
among them who need help them- 
selves. God gives us opportunity 
for reciprocal relationships. Show- 
ing kindness is God's way, and 
being thankful is evidence that 
Christ is Lord in our lives. 

— Dr. Delbert Flora 
(Dr. and Mrs. Flora reside at Good 
Shepherd Home and Villa, a nursing 
home in Ashland.) 

EVERY DAY I'm thankful for 
life. In the year I was born, a 
difficult birth like mine usually re- 
sulted in death. I'm also thankful 
for the life of the one who has been 
God's answer to prayer for a Chris- 
tian husband. I give thanks, too, 
for the lives of our children, their 
spouses, and our grandchildren. 

November 1993 

Each has been a unique blessing to 
me. Then, there are the members 
of our extended family and my 
friends' lives that have touched 
mine in special ways. Most of all 
I'm thankful for the continuing 
eternal life in heaven which is ours 
through faith in Jesus Christ. 
Thank You, Lord, for this present 
life and the life that will follow! 

— Alberta Holsinger 

I AM THANKFUL for the way I 
feel about my relationship with 
the Lord. The fears, anger, and 
other emotions that were out of 
control before have been brought 
under His peace. Whatever the dif- 
ficulty, I now realize I don't have 
to do it all. There is a deep comfort 
in knowing God is in charge! He's 
holding me up! 

— K.D. Tanner 

is the time we remember things 
to be thankful for. How good it is 
to be thankful throughout the 
year! I'm thankful that God woke 
me up! We are humbled that He 
has shown His love and mercy and 
brought my husband and me to 
Him! Christ also brought our mar- 
riage together in a way we were 
never together before! 

— Kim Tanner 

the things for which I'm thank- 
ful, I fear the list would be far too 
long. So I will share a concept on 
thanksgiving that underlies all 
those things for which I'm thank- 
ful. This perspective is: Jesus 
Christ is Lord! For this reason I 
don't need to take what I do or 
where I am, my accomplishments 
or my non-accomplishments, too 
seriously, because I know ulti- 
mately that He's in control! When 
my perspective is clear, my heart 
is then most thankful. 

— Pastor Randy Saultz 

I sought things to relieve the 
pain. Drugs, alcohol, anything to 
help me forget the hounding and 
empty void. When I came to Jesus 
Christ and made a commitment at 

AA, I began to comprehend "Seren- 
ity" and "God's Peace." 

I am learning to turn over to God 
anything I can't handle. Together, 
God and I can handle anything! 
It's a team effort. Every day, I'm 
grateful for His grace and guid- 
ance and for God's full acceptance 
and forgiveness! He is willing to 
meet me where I am and to work 
with me in an ongoing way, in a 
developing relationship. I've been 
fighting all of my life, but when I 
surrendered my life to Jesus 
Christ, I connected with a super- 
natural power. I still cannot fully 
understand how giving up enables 
us to win, but in Christ I have 
found this to be true. He has made 
me a whole person! I know that 
wherever I am or whatever physi- 
cal condition I may be in, I'm still 
part of the functioning Body of 
Christ. He has given me a role to 
play and a place of significance in 
His family. 

— Greg Hepburn 

(Greg has undergone 29 medical 

nie, had polio, she was very 
sick in the hospital, and many 
people helped her. She never 
neglected saying 'Thank you," and 
she still does today, no matter what 
anyone does for her! I've thought of 
that over the years because some 
people forget the kindness and 
care shown to them and just walk 
away, but she doesn't. I'm thank- 
ful, too, for my husband, Charles, 
and his love and care for me. Even 
today he's planned an outing for 
our afternoon. I'm also thankful 
because I can see the hand of the 
Lord everywhere, in everything! 

— Aida May Munson 

WHEN I THINK of Thanksgiv- 
ing and all that it means, I 
think of how God has provided in 
big and small ways, meeting all 
my needs and desires. He has put 
me and our family just where He 
wants us at this stage of our lives. 
I'm also very thankful for the 
many opportunities in our church 
life to serve and for the support 
and love I receive from staff rela- 

tionships, volunteers, and the rest 
of our church. I'm very thankful, 
too, for the support my family and 
husband give me, allowing me, and 
continuing to push me, to be all 
God wants me to be. 

— Sherry Van Duyne 

I AM SO THANKFUL that I know 
the Lord, and I am proud of Him! 
When I drive to worship and Sun- 
day school on Sunday mornings, I 
drive down Sandusky Street, and 
it reminds me of a time when I 
was in Russia. While there, I 
crossed many streets where police 
stood, guns in hand. I'm so thank- 
ful that I can drive down most any 
street and don't have to fear gov- 
ernment police. We have many free- 
doms in America, and it's wonder- 
ful! I don't have to be afraid, and 
for that I'm thankful! I'm also grate- 
ful to be able to have money to give 
to the church and extra money to 
give in W.M.S. Thank Offerings. 

— Helen Shively 

was given 10-12 months to 
live, and I'm still here. God needed 
me for something! I had an acute 
case of a rare form of leukemia. 
My niece, who works in oncology, 
said they have no record of anyone 
surviving who has had this strain 
of leukemia. 

As my recovery became appar- 
ent, one doctor, who wasn't a Chris- 
tian, came in and plopped himself 
down on the bed and said, "Well, 
you have something I don't have." 

"The healing power of God," I 
told him. "I keep telling you that!" 

For treatment, a leukemia-fight- 
ing germ was put into my body 
through an unusual treatment 
that left 72 deep scars on my back 
and shoulders. For almost three 
months I was hospitalized, given 
chemotherapy, and received these 
treatments. After a while I was al- 
lowed to go home and then return 
to the hospital every 10 days. 

I'm thankful for life! I'm also 
thankful for my husband, who 
helped me with my treatment 
needs and for those who loved and 
prayed in faith. And I'm thankful 
for the Lord Jesus Christ, who 
brought me to health again. 

— Kathy Mack 

T AM THANKFUL for my family, 
1 and for the awesomeness of the 
gift that the Lord has sent to us in 
Jesus Christ! His salvation and 
the new life we experience have 
been given freely. It is not earned 
by something we can do on our 
own, but it is God's gift. This 
makes me extremely thankful. 
Sometimes we may feel boxed in 
by things going on in government 
or society, but we have many more 
freedoms than most countries of 
our world, and for this, too, I'm 
very grateful. Praise Him for His 
protection and love that surrounds 
us every day! 

— Ginny Hoyt 

THANK YOU, LORD, for my 
family, good health, and how 
you provide for us! The Pilgrims 
were thankful for many things, 
and I'm thankful for the way 
things work out in our lives as we 
keep trusting the Lord. I some- 
times thank God for helping me 
get through the hecticness of a 
day. Life is full of things over 
which we have no control, and I'm 
glad that He is always ready to 
provide us with strength and help. 
Thank you, Lord. 

— Margaret Hess 

relatively early in life when 
Jesus Christ received me into His 
family while I was in the midst of 
a separation and divorce. I'm 
thankful for His help and so much 
more: For the close relationship I 
have with my sister, my brother, 
and my daughter. For new friends 
who were there to offer me a meal 
or invite me to an activity I might 
enjoy while being with them. I can 
almost say I'm thankful for the cri- 
sis, because I would have probably 
never met the group of Christian 
friends that I now have today, or 
possibly never met the Lord! 

My sister, Kim, and her family 
have been a great source of strength. 
I clung to her during my divorce, 
and she not only comforted me, but 
she was a realist and told me 
things would change and I would 
come through the darkness. Dur- 
ing panic attacks I would focus on 
the negative. "Oh, my poor daugh- 
ter, she'll never have good clothes 

or be able to enjoy music lessons. 
How will I ever make up for that?" 
Those things are not essential. We 
are alive. Some of the world's 
greatest people didn't have all the 
things we are told are a must, yet 
they grew to be great people; peo- 
ple able to give of themselves! At 
the time I thought, "We're prob- 
ably going to starve and have to 
pull a wagon on the street." None 
of that ever happened. The Lord 
has taken care of us wonderfully. 

Before, I had an Old Testament 
view of God — thinking He would 
strike me dead with a lightning 
bolt — and I was in a constant state 
of fear. Now I'm beginning to know 
His unconditional love. When I 
mess up, He understands and is 
still willing to pick me up and say, 
'That's OK." I now see that I'm 
just like everyone else, and He 
cares about me. Pastor Arden 
touched on this when he told me, 
"If I were the only person in the 
world, Christ still would have suf- 
fered on that cross for me." I no 
longer see Him as throwing light- 
ning bolts, though we pay for our 
sins by hurting God, ourselves, 
and others. But more importantly, 
the Lord is a God of love, great- 
ness, and forgiveness. 

When I feel gloomy, I can com- 
mune with God Himself. It doesn't 
matter whether I'm driving, at 
work, angry, or whatever comes 
up, I have a choice. If I'm upset 
about something, I know what I 
can do; I can pray about it! I wor- 
ried about a lot of things in the 
past year, but I have found that 
God's ability to solve my problems 
is far greater than mine. When I 
pray, the answer comes ten times 
more clearly than I would have 
ever imagined. I'm very thankful 
that I'm aware of God like never 
before and that I can now talk to 
Him every day! 

— Tara Halblaub 
* * * * * 

Truly, our God is an awesome 
God. He reigns from heaven above 
with wisdom, power, and love. Our 
God is an awesome God! 

Great and marvelous are your deeds, 
Lord God Almighty. 
Just and true are your ways, 
King of the ages. 

Revelation 15:3 [1>] 


The Brethren Evangelist 

How Brethren 
Understand God's Word 

Second of two parts 

This study was prepared by the 
Committee on Doctrine, Research, 
and Publication of The Brethren 
Church, Its preparation was a proc- 
ess that included writing, sharing 
with pastors and others for input, 
revising, receiving further input, 
then revising again. It was pre- 
sented as a report to the 1993 Gen- 
eral Conference, which made sug- 
gestions for minor revisions. These 
changes were then made and the 
Conference accepted the report 

"How Brethren Understand God's 
Word" is also being printed in book- 

reference notations and a bibliog- 
raphy. An announcement about 
availabilty and price of this booklet 
will be made soon. 

Part one of this study appeared in 
last month's issue of the Evangelist 
(pp. 4-5). 

Being a Community under 
the Word 

The community of believers is 
the theme the Brethren have 
found in Scripture, the context in 
which we have read Scripture, and 
the context in which we have put 
it into practice. The central theme 
Brethren have found in Scripture 
is God's eternal purpose through 
history to form a people for His 
own glory. God began that purpose 
in the people of Israel and contin- 
ues it today in the church, the 
community that is Christ's body. 
As His body, we are to grow to ma- 
turity in Christ and to be united in 
mind and spirit. Obedience to the 
Word is thus corporate as well as 

As part of our commitment to 
one another, Brethren read Scrip- 
ture together to help one another 
understand and obey it. The early 
Brethren would test their interpre- 

November 1993 

tations by discussing them with 
one another and by attempting to 
live out their decisions together. 
They were confident that the Holy 
Spirit would bring them to consen- 
sus in matters of faith and prac- 
tice. They called this finding the 
mind of Christ. To assist this proc- 
ess, they practiced mutual submis- 
sion, encouraging one another and 
accepting correction. When they 
could not agree, they would bear 
with one another and wait for con- 
sensus to develop. Thus, in their 
use of Scripture, they tried to find 
a balance between the opinions of 
the individual and the unity of the 

Our Ideas about the Word: 

All readers of Scripture come to 
the Bible with certain ideas about 
how to interpret it and certain 
questions they want to ask of it. 
The questions they come with 
partly determine the answers they 
find. The ideas they bring can 
make understanding easier or 
more difficult. Brethren ideas 
about Scripture have been es- 
pecially influenced by Anabaptism 
and Pietism, the two movements 
that were foundational for the 
early Brethren. 

Both Anabaptism and Pietism 
had a high regard for Scripture, 
seeing it as God's Outer Word that 
testifies to the revelation in Jesus 
Christ. But they also held that the 
Inner Word, the Holy Spirit, is ab- 
solutely necessary in order to hear 
God's voice in Scripture. For both 
movements, obedience to the Outer 
Word demonstrates faith in God 
and love for Christ. 

The early Brethren took very 
seriously their commitment to 
Scripture. They understood that 

Scripture was the primary witness 
to their living Lord, Jesus Christ. 
They accepted what they read at 
face value and sought to obey it 
fully, as individuals and as a com- 
munity. Though upholding the New 
Testament as their final authority, 
they believed that all Scripture 
was divinely inspired. They knew 
and used both testaments. 

Over the years, the Brethren 
have remained fairly consistent in 
their approach to Scripture. Sev- 
eral changes in emphasis have oc- 
curred, however. During the nine- 
teenth century, the traditional order 
or customs of the Brethren gained 
an authority almost equal to Scrip- 
ture. The "Progressives" (the pres- 
ent day Brethren Church) reacted 
against this stress on the "old 
order." In their reaction, however, 
the Progressives tended to take a 
more individualistic approach to 
interpreting Scripture, giving less 
weight to the need to work for con- 
sensus within the community. 
Likewise, The Brethren Church, 
with its emphasis on educated pas- 
tors, moved toward a more rea- 
soned approach to the faith. At 
times, we have tended to shift the 
primary source of authority from 
the Living Word, Jesus Christ, to 
the Outer Word, Scripture. Re- 
cently, as in the Centennial State- 
ment of 1983, we have reaffirmed 
the primacy of Jesus Christ. 

Our Ideas about the Word: 

Brethren share many ideas 
about Scripture with other Protes- 
tant traditions. For example, we be- 
lieve that a proper understanding 
of Scripture must take into account 
the history and culture behind it, 
as well as the words and grammar 
in which it is written. Readers of 

Brethren affirm that Jesus Christ is the center of Scrip- 
ture, the key to understanding it. The person and message 
of Christ determine which issues are central and which 
are peripheral. " 

the Bible must interpret every pas- 
sage in its immediate context and 
in the context of the whole of 
Scripture. Similarly, we should in- 
terpret partici^ir statements in 
light of universal scriptural princi- 
ples. Like any other book, the Bible 
should be understood literally un- 
less the language seems to be used 
in a figurative way. Symbolic pas- 
sages should be interpreted in the 
light of teaching passages. These 
principles are useful in under- 
standing any ancient book. As con- 
servative Protestants, however, we 
believe that the Bible is more than 
just an ancient book; it is God 
speaking to us. 

Brethren also differ from other 
Protestant traditions. Readers 
from different traditions have dif- 
ferent starting points when they 
read the Bible. Even if they believe 
the entire Bible to be inspired, 
they still have their favorite em- 
phases. For example, Lutheran in- 
terpreters begin with the distinc- 
tion between law and gospel. The 
Reformed tradition begins with the 
sovereignty of God. Dispensation- 
alists begin with their understand- 
ing of the Kingdom and the events 
of the end times. Pentecostals be- 
gin with their experience of the 
Holy Spirit. Readers from a libera- 
tion theology perspective, whether 
African-American, Third World, or 
Feminist, begin with the idea that 
salvation means social, political, 
and economic liberation. Brethren, 
like the Anabaptists before them, 
begin with the person of Christ, 
especially as witnessed to in the 

We cannot come to the Bible 
without any ideas about it; we 
need a framework of things we al- 
ready know in order to understand 
something new. Problems arise 


when we are unaware of our own 
ideas or make them so important 
that we will not let them be chal- 
lenged or corrected by what we 
find in Scripture. Brethren have 
always been committed to testing 
biblical interpretations by the 
standard of Scripture itself. In our 
faithfulness to the Word, we 
should abandon any interpreta- 
tions that do not meet that stand- 
ard. The best safeguard against 
imposing our own ideas on Scrip- 
ture is to be aware of our own ap- 
proach to Scripture and the ap- 
proaches of others, and then to let 
Scripture speak for itself. 

Applying the Word 

In order to apply the Bible to 
matters of faith and practice, we 
must decide how to compare Scrip- 
ture with Scripture. Our starting 
point and our emphases will influ- 
ence how much weight we give to 
the Bible's different elements. 
Brethren affirm that Jesus Christ 
is the center of Scripture, the key 
to understanding it. The person 
and message of Christ determine 
which issues are central and which 
are peripheral. 

Brethren see both continuity and 
discontinuity between the Old Tes- 
tament and the New Testament. 
God's nature and purpose are eter- 
nal. God's revelation of that nature 
and purpose was gradual, coming 
to a climax in Jesus Christ. The 
Brethren understand Old and New 
Testaments in terms of promise 
and fulfillment: the Old Testament 
looks forward to Christ, and the 
New Testament witnesses to His 
coming and interprets His work. 
The Old Testament gives a partial 
picture of God's character and will; 
the New Testament contains "the 
perfection of Christ." Because of 

the centrality and finality of 
Christ, the Brethren historically 
have claimed the New Testament 
as their only creed. 

When the early Brethren studied 
an issue, they took a harmonizing, 
Christ-centered approach to Scrip- 
ture. They